Adam de Harvington

Adam de Harvington or de Herwynton (c.1270-c.1345) was a fourteenth-century Crown official and judge who had a successful career in both England and Ireland. He held office as Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer and Chancellor of the Exchequer and acquired considerable wealth.[1]

Harvington
Harvington, Worcestershire, Adam's birthplace, present day

Family

He derived his name from his birthplace, Harvington, Worcestershire; he was the son of William de Harvington or de Herwynton.[2] His close association with Pershore Abbey suggests that William de Harvington, Abbot of Pershore 1307-40, was a relative.

Pershore Abbey 3a
Pershore Abbey, of which Adam was a notable benefactor

Career

His path to high office lay through the patronage of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick. It was Warwick who obtained for him the position of Deputy Chamberlain of the Exchequer in 1298 and persuaded Edward I to grant him the manor of Talton, Worcestershire, in 1303.[3] He was given the living of Awre, Gloucestershire in 1305 and of Hanslope in 1316. He was an executor of Warwick's will in 1315 and was given a lease of certain of his lands for fifteen years. In his own will he made clear his great sense of obligation to the Earl.[4]

His association with the Diocese of Worcester had begun by 1305 when he accompanied the Bishop of Worcester, William Gainsborough, overseas;[5] in the 1320s he is found regularly acting as Vicar-general of the Diocese.[6]

After Warwick's death he acquired a new patron: this was Edward I's nephew, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster. He became Keeper of the Rolls of the Bench at Westminster in 1314 and was a Commissioner of oyer and terminer 1314-1322.[7] Any setback he may have suffered in his career after Lancaster's downfall and death was temporary: he seems to have been regarded as a valued and hard working official.[8] He was sent to Ireland as Chief Baron in 1324,[9] and was briefly Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland; he returned to England as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1327.

Last years

He retired to his native Worcestershire in 1330. IN his last years he was a noted benefactor of Pershore Abbey. Ball gives his date of death as 1337,[10] but this is probably too early, since he seems to have made a conveyance of land in 1342; he was certainly dead by 1346. In his will he left money to Pershore Abbey to erect a chantry to pray for his soul and that of Guy, Earl of Warwick.[11]

References

  1. ^ Ball, F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926 Vol.i p. 25
  2. ^ Ball p.66
  3. ^ Ball p.66
  4. ^ Willis-Bund, J.W. Page, William editors History of the County of Worcester 1971 Vol.2 pp. 127-136
  5. ^ Ball p.66
  6. ^ Haines, Roy Martin Church and Politics in Fourteenth-century England: the career of Adam Orleton Cambridge University Press 2005 p.89
  7. ^ Ball p.67
  8. ^ Haines p.89
  9. ^ Ball p.25
  10. ^ Ball p.67
  11. ^ Willis-Bund, Page pp.127-136
Chancellor of the Exchequer

The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury. The office is a British Cabinet-level position.

The chancellor is responsible for all economic and financial matters, equivalent to the role of finance minister in other nations. The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the prime minister.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer is now always Second Lord of the Treasury as one of the Lords Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Treasurer. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, it was common for the prime minister also to serve as Chancellor of the Exchequer if he sat in the Commons; the last chancellor who was simultaneously prime minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer was Stanley Baldwin in 1923. Formerly, in cases when the chancellorship was vacant, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench would act as Chancellor pro tempore. The last Lord Chief Justice to serve in this way was Lord Denman in 1834.

The chancellor is the third-oldest major state office in English and British history; it originally carried responsibility for the Exchequer, the medieval English institution for the collection and auditing of royal revenues which dates from the Anglo-Saxon period and survived the Norman conquest of England. The earliest surviving records which are the results of the exchequer's audit, date from 1129–30 under King Henry I and show continuity from previous years. The chancellor controlled monetary policy as well as fiscal policy until 1997, when the Bank of England was granted independent control of its interest rates. The chancellor also has oversight of public spending across Government departments.

Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland

The Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland was the head of the Exchequer of Ireland and a member of the Dublin Castle administration under the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in the Kingdom of Ireland. In early times the title was sometimes given as Chancellor of the Green Wax. The Chancellor was an MP in the Irish House of Commons.

The office was separate from the judicial role of Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer of Ireland, although in the early centuries the two offices were often held by the same person.

Although the Kingdom of Ireland merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1801 under the Acts of Union 1800 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Exchequer of Ireland did not merge with the Exchequer of Great Britain until 1817. The last separate Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland was William Vesey-FitzGerald.

Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer

The Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer was the senior judge who presided over the Court of Exchequer (Ireland). The Irish Exchequer was a mirror of the equivalent court in England and one of the four courts which sat in the building still called The Four Courts. The title Chief Baron was first used in 1309 for Walter de Islip. In the early centuries it was partly a political office, and as late as 1442 the Lord Treasurer of Ireland thought it necessary to recommend that the Chief Baron should always be a properly trained lawyer (which Michael Gryffin, the Chief Baron at the time, was not).

The last and probably greatest Chief Baron, The Rt Hon. Christopher Palles, continued to hold the title after the Court was merged into a new High Court of Justice in Ireland in 1878, until his retirement in 1916, when the office lapsed.

Hanslope

Hanslope is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. The village is about 4 miles (6.4 km) west northwest of Newport Pagnell, about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Stony Stratford and 8 miles (13 km) north of Central Milton Keynes. The northern parish boundary is part of the county boundary with Northamptonshire.

The West Coast Main Line between London Euston and Glasgow passes through the western part of the parish, just over 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the village.

Harvington

For hamlet of Harvington in the civil parish of Chaddesley Corbett, Worcestershire see Harvington HallHarvington is a village near Evesham in Worcestershire, England.

Hervey de Stanton

Hervey de Stanton (or Staunton) (1260 – November 1327) was an English judge (serving both as Chief Justice of the King's Bench and as Chief Justice of the Common Pleas) and Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Pershore Abbey

Pershore Abbey, at Pershore in Worcestershire, was an Anglo-Saxon abbey and is now an Anglican parish church, the Church of the Holy Cross.

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