Adam Moleyns

Adam Moleyns[a] (died 9 January 1450) was an English bishop, lawyer, royal administrator and diplomat. During the minority of Henry VI of England, he was clerk of the ruling council of the Regent.[1]

Adam Moleyns
Bishop of Chichester
Appointed24 September 1445
Term ended9 January 1450
PredecessorRichard Praty
SuccessorReginald Pecock
Other postsLord Privy Seal (1444–1450)
Dean of Salisbury & Archdeacon of Taunton (1441–1445)
Archdeacon of Salisbury (1440–1441)
Orders
Consecration6 February 1446
Personal details
Died9 January 1450
Portsmouth

Life

Moleyns had the living of Kempsey from 1433.[2] He was Dean of Salisbury from 1441 to 1446. He became bishop of Chichester on 24 September 1445, and was consecrated bishop on 6 February 1446.[3] He was Lord Privy Seal in 1444,[4] at the same time that he was Protonotary of the Holy See. In 1447 he had permission to fortify the manor house at Bexhill.[5]

An active partisan of the unpopular William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, Moleyns was lynched in Portsmouth by discontented unpaid soldiers on 9 January 1450.[3][6]

Moleyns was a correspondent of the humanist Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II, who complimented him in a letter of 29 May 1444: "And I congratulate you and England, since you care for the art of rhetoric".[7] In 1926 George Warner attributed The Libelle of Englyshe Polycye (1435–38) to Moleyns but this theory was partly based on Warner's mistaken identification of Adam Moleyns as a member of the family’s Lancashire branch.[8] The theory of Moleyns' authorship of the poem is now rejected by most historians and scholars.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ Or Adam Molyens, Adam Molens, Adam Molins, Adam Molyneaux, Adam Molyneux, Adam de Moleyns

Citations

  1. ^ Paleography Exercises A document of Adam Moleyns accessed on 25 August 2007
  2. ^ Priests of Kempsey accessed on 25 August 2007. Archived 2009-10-24.
  3. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 95
  5. ^ Bexhill Museum The History Of Bexhill Archived October 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine accessed on 25 August 2007
  6. ^ Michael Miller The Wars of the Roses chapter 37 accessed on 25 August 2007;Steven Muhlberger Beginning of the Wars of the Roses Archived July 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine accessed on 25 August 2007;The Royal Garrison Church accessed on 25 August 2007
  7. ^ Alessandra Petrina, Cultural Politics in Fifteenth-Century England: The Case of 2004:216 and note
  8. ^ Holmes, G.A. (1961). "The Libel of English Policy". English Historical Review. 76: 193–216. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxvi.ccxcix.193.
  9. ^ Smith "Moleyns, Adam (d. 1450)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References

Further reading

  • Reeves, A.C., Lancastrian Englishmen (Washington: University Press of America) 1981. One of five fifteenth-century careers outlined through documents.
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Beckington
Lord Privy Seal
1444–1450
Succeeded by
Andrew Holes
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Richard Praty
Bishop of Chichester
1446–1450
Succeeded by
Reginald Pecock
1448 in England

Events from the year 1448 in England.

1450

Year 1450 (MCDL) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1450s in England

Events from the 1450s in England.

Archdeacon of Sarum

The Archdeacon of Sarum is a senior ecclesiastical officer within the Diocese of Salisbury, England. He or she is responsible for the disciplinary supervision of the clergy within the five area deaneries (Alderbury, Chalke, Salisbury, Heytesbury and Stonehenge) of the Sarum archdeaconry.The post is currently held by the Ven Alan Jeans.

Archdeacon of Taunton

The Archdeacon of Taunton has been, since the twelfth century, the senior ecclesiastical officer in charge of the archdeaconry of Taunton in the Diocese of Bath and Wells (in the ni Church of England). The archdeaconry includes seven deaneries.

Bishop of Chichester

The Bishop of Chichester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the counties of East and West Sussex. The see is based in the City of Chichester where the bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. On 3 May 2012 the appointment was announced of Martin Warner, Bishop of Whitby, as the next Bishop of Chichester. His enthronement took place on 25 November 2012 in Chichester Cathedral.

The bishop's residence is The Palace, Chichester. Since 2015, Warner has also fulfilled the diocesan-wide role of alternative episcopal oversight, following the decision by Mark Sowerby, Bishop of Horsham, to recognise the orders of priests and bishops who are women.

From 1984 to 2013, the Bishop, in addition to being the diocesan, also had specific oversight of the Chichester Episcopal Area (the Archdeaconry of Chichester), which covered the coastal region of West Sussex along with Brighton and Hove.

Dean of Salisbury

The Dean of Salisbury is the head of the chapter of Salisbury Cathedral in the Church of England. The Dean assists the archdeacon of Sarum and bishop of Ramsbury in the diocese of Salisbury.

Domus Dei

Domus Dei (Hospital of Saint Nicholas and Saint John the Baptist) was an almshouse and hospice at Old Portsmouth, Hampshire, United Kingdom. It is now also known as the Royal Garrison Church and is an English Heritage property and a Grade II listed building.

History of Portsmouth

Portsmouth is an island port city situated on Portsea Island in the county of Hampshire, England. Its history has been influenced by its association with the sea, and its proximity to London, and mainland Europe.

January 9

January 9 is the ninth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 356 days remaining until the end of the year (357 in leap years).

John Arundel (bishop of Chichester)

John Arundel (or Arundell; died 1477) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Libelle of Englyshe Polycye

The Libelle of Englyshe Polycye (or Libel of English Policy) is a fifteenth-century poem written in English. The work exists in two redactions: the first was composed after the siege of Calais in 1436 but before the end of 1438, and a second edition of the work before June 1441. This second edition was probably revised again. Nineteen manuscripts contain the Libelle, which consists of about 1,100 lines in rhyming couplets, with a proem in rhyme-royal and a stanzaic envoi that differs between the poem's two editions.

Lord Privy Seal

The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain. Originally, its holder was responsible for the monarch's personal (privy) seal (as opposed to the Great Seal of the Realm, which is in the care of the Lord Chancellor) until the use of such a seal became obsolete. The office is currently one of the traditional sinecure offices of state. Today, the holder of the office is invariably given a seat in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Though one of the oldest offices in government anywhere, it has no particular function today because the use of a privy seal has been obsolete for centuries; thus the office has generally been used as a kind of minister without portfolio. Since the premiership of Clement Attlee, the position of Lord Privy Seal has frequently been combined with that of Leader of the House of Lords or Leader of the House of Commons. The office of Lord Privy Seal, unlike those of Leader of the Lords or Commons, is eligible for a ministerial salary under the Ministerial and other Salaries Act 1975. The office does not confer membership of the House of Lords, leading to Ernest Bevin's remark on holding this office that he was "neither a Lord, nor a Privy, nor a Seal".During the reign of Edward I, prior to 1307, the Privy Seal was kept by the Controller of the Wardrobe. The Lord Privy Seal was the president of the Court of Requests during its existence.

Moleyns

Moleyns may refer to:

Adam Moleyns (died 1450), English bishop, lawyer, royal administrator and diplomat

Baron Moleyns, a title in the Peerage of England created in 1455 and merged with Baron Hungerford

Thomas Moleyns, Member of Parliament

William Moleyns (1378–1425), English politician, member of the Parliament of England

Portsmouth Cathedral

The Cathedral Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, commonly known as Portsmouth Cathedral, is an English cathedral church. It is the cathedral of the Church of England Diocese of Portsmouth and is located in the centre of Old Portsmouth. It is the seat of the Bishop of Portsmouth.

The Anglican cathedral is one of the two cathedral churches in the city, the other being the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St John the Evangelist, Portsmouth which is located about one mile to the north.

Reginald Pecock

Reginald Pecock (or Peacock; c. 1395– c. 1461) was an English prelate, Scholastic, and writer.

Richard Praty

Richard Praty (or Pratty, c. 1390 – August 1445) was a medieval university Chancellor and Bishop.After serving as the King's chaplain from 1430, including two years with him in France, Praty was made Dean of the Chapel Royal in 1432. He gave up this position after being nominated, with the active support of the King, to the office of the Bishop of Chichester on 21 April 1438 and consecrated on 27 July 1438. He was also Chancellor of the University of Oxford during 1438–9.

Praty died in August 1445.

Thomas Beckington

Thomas Beckington (also spelt Beckynton; c. 1390 – 14 January 1465) was the Bishop of Bath and Wells and King's Secretary in medieval England.

William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk

William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, (16 October 1396 – 2 May 1450), nicknamed Jackanapes, was an English magnate, statesman, and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. He became a favourite of the weak king Henry VI of England, and consequently a leading figure in the English government. Due to his influence in state policy, Suffolk came to be associated with many of the royal government's failures of the time, particularly on the war in France, earning him significant unpopularity and eventually leading to his downfall. He also appears prominently in Shakespeare's Henry VI, parts 1 and 2.

His early career was spent in the military, fighting in the Hundred Years' War from a young age. Despite missing the Battle of Agincourt due to invalidity, he participated in all subsequent campaigns of Henry V, and after the latter's death, Suffolk continued to serve in France, now for the boy king Henry VI. He was one of the English commanders at the failed Siege of Orléans, in the aftermath of which he was taken prisoner (1429). Ransomed shortly after, Suffolk began entering the world of politics. He favoured a diplomatic rather than military solution to the deteriorating situation in France, a stance which would later resonate well with King Henry VI.

Following the end of Henry VI's minority (1437), Suffolk became a favoured royal councilor. Gradually building his influence throughout the years, he eventually became the dominant figure in the government, and was at the forefront of the main policies conducted during the period. He played a central role in organizing the Treaty of Tours (1444), which established a truce in France and arranged the king's marriage to Margaret of Anjou. Suffolk benefited greatly from his favour with Henry VI, accumulating lucrative posts, estates, and titles. However, the ultimate failure of his policies, the disastrous renewal of the war in France, and other national problems spelt the destruction of Suffolk's career. Many accused him of maladministration and poor conduct of the war, and political pressures forced Suffolk into exile. At the sea on his way out, he was caught by an angry mob, subjected to a mock trial, and beheaded.

His estates were forfeited to the crown but later restored to his only son, John. The de la Pole family was never again to achieve the level of influence Suffolk had enjoyed, however. His political successor was instead the Duke of Somerset, whose enmity with various noblemen, combined with the unstable political climate following the final loss in the Hundred Years' War, led to the Wars of the Roses.

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