Achang language

The Achang language (autonym: ŋa˨˩tʂhaŋ˨˩; Chinese: 阿昌) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang (also known as Maingtha and Ngochang) in Yunnan, China, and northern Myanmar.[3]

Achang
Ngachang
Native toChina, Burma
EthnicityAchang
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1990–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3acn
Glottologacha1252[2]

Distribution

Achang is spoken in the following locations (阿昌语简志):

The Xiandao 仙岛 dialect (100 speakers; autonym kʰan˧˩tau˧˩) is spoken in the following two locations in Yingjiang County, Dehong Prefecture (Xiandaoyu Yanjiu).

  • Xiandaozhai 仙岛寨, Mangmian Village 芒面村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[4]
  • Meng'ezhai 勐俄寨, Mangxian Village 芒线村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[5]

Phonology

Consonants

Consonant phonemes[6]
Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop b d ɟ g ʔ
Affricate tsʰ dz tʃʰ
Fricative s ʃ ç h
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l j

Vowels

Monophthongs[6]
Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Open aˑ a

Syntax

Achang word order is subject-object-verb (SOV). There is no dominant order for nouns and their adjective modifiers.[7]

Further reading

  • Inglis, Douglas. 2003. A preliminary phonology of Ngochang. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Nasaw Sampu, Wilai Jaseng, Thocha Jana, and Douglas Inglis (2005). A preliminary Ngochang - Kachin- English Lexicon. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Yabu Shirō 藪 司郎 (1990). "The Achang Language of Burma." アジアの諸言語と一般言語学 Ajia no shogengo to ippan gengogaku / Asian languages and general linguistics. 崎山理 Osamu Sakiyama, et al. Tokyo: 三省堂 Sanseidō. 124-141.

References

  1. ^ Achang at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Achangic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Achang". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=150440
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=150426
  6. ^ a b Inglis, Douglas. "A preliminary phonology of Ngochang".
  7. ^ "WALS Online - Language Achang". wals.info. Retrieved 2019-02-06.

External links

ACN

ACN may refer to:

Accenture (NYSE: ACN)

Acetonitrile

Achang language, a Tibeto-Burman language of China

Achnasheen railway station, UK, National Rail code

Acineta, a genus of orchid

ACN Inc., multi-level marketing telecommunications company

Acrylonitrile

Action Congress of Nigeria, political party of Nigeria

Africa Cup of Nations, biennial football tournament

Agencia Carabobeña de Noticias, news agency, Valencia, Venezuela

Aid to the Church in Need, Catholic charity in Königstein im Taunus, Germany

Aircraft Classification Number, pavement load of an aircraft

Algebraic Chess Notation, the standard notation for recording chess games

American Collectibles Network, now Jewelry Television, US

Andean Community of Nations

Anglican Communion Network, Pittsburgh, US

Ante Christum Natum, seldom-used Latin equivalent of B.C.

Architecture for Control Networks, network protocol for theatrical control

Atlantis Cable News, fictional news channel on The Newsroom (U.S. TV series)

Australian Company Number

Ciudad Acuña International Airport, an airport in Ciudad Acuña, Mexico

Shirō Yabu

Shirō Yabu (藪 司郎, Yabu Shirō) is a Japanese scholar of the languages of Burma. He is a professor emeritus at Osaka University. He joined the Department of Burmese language of Osaka University in 1982 as an assistant professor and worked there until 2009.

Official language
Semiofficial language
Indigenous languages
(by state or region)
Sign languages
Official
Regional
Indigenous
Minority
Varieties of
Chinese
Creole/Mixed
Extinct
Sign
Mondzish
Burmish
Loloish
(Ngwi)
unclassified

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