Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States of America with a predominantly non-English dialogue track.[1]

When the first Academy Awards ceremony was held on May 16, 1929, to honor films released in 1927/28, there was no separate category for foreign language films. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States. These awards, however, were not handed out on a regular basis (no award was given in 1953), and were not competitive since there were no nominees but simply one winning film per year. For the 1956 (29th) Academy Awards, a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since then.

Unlike other Academy Awards, the Best Foreign Language Film Award is not presented to a specific individual. It is accepted by the winning film's director, but is considered an award for the submitting country as a whole. Over the years, the Best Foreign Language Film Award and its predecessors have been given almost exclusively to European films: out of the sixty-eight awards handed out by the Academy since 1947 to foreign language films, fifty-six have gone to European films,[2] five to Asian films,[3] four to films from the Americas and three to African films. Italian filmmaker Federico Fellini directed four Best Foreign Language Film Academy Award–winning motion pictures during his lifetime, a record that remains unmatched as of 2015 (if Special Awards are taken into account, then Fellini's record is tied by his countryman Vittorio De Sica).

The most awarded foreign country is Italy, with 14 awards won (including three Special Awards) and 28 nominations, while France is the foreign country with the largest number of nominations (37 for 12 wins, including three Special Awards). Israel is the foreign country with the largest number of nominations (10) without winning an award, while Portugal has the largest number of submissions (34) without a nomination.

Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Awarded forExcellence in Foreign Language Film
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded1947
Currently held byA Fantastic Woman (2017)
Websiteoscars.org

History

When the first Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929, no foreign language film was honored. During the early post-war era (1947–1955), eight foreign language films received Special or Honorary Awards. Academy leader and board member Jean Hersholt argued that "an international award, if properly and carefully administered, would promote a closer relationship between American film craftsmen and those of other countries". The first foreign language film honored with such an award was the Italian neorealist drama Shoeshine, whose citation read: "the high quality of this motion picture, brought to eloquent life in a country scarred by war, is proof to the world that the creative spirit can triumph over adversity". In the following years, similar awards were given to seven other films: one from Italy (The Bicycle Thief), two from France (Monsieur Vincent and Forbidden Games), three from Japan (Rashomon, Gate of Hell and Samurai, The Legend of Musashi), as well as a Franco-Italian co-production (The Walls of Malapaga). These awards, however, were handed out on a discretionary rather than a regular basis (no award was given at the 26th Academy Awards held in 1954), and were not competitive since there were no nominees but simply one winning film per year.[4]

A separate category for non-English-language films was created in 1956. Known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, it has been awarded every year since then.[5] The first recipient was the Italian neorealist drama La Strada, which helped establish Federico Fellini as one of the most important European directors.[4]

Eligibility

Unlike other Academy Awards, the Foreign Language Film Award does not require films to be released in the United States in order to be eligible for competition. Films competing in the Foreign Language Film category must have been first released in the country submitting them during the eligibility period defined by the rules of the Academy, and must have been exhibited for at least seven consecutive days in a commercial movie theater.[1] The eligibility period for the Foreign Language Film category differs from that required for most other categories: the awards year defined for the Foreign Language Film category usually begins and ends before the ordinary awards year, which corresponds to an exact calendar year. For the 80th Academy Awards, for instance, the release deadline for the Foreign Language Film category was set on September 30, 2007, whereas the qualifying run for most other categories extended until December 31, 2007.[6]

Although the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is commonly referred to simply as the Foreign Film Oscar in newspaper articles and on the Internet,[7] such a designation is misleading, since a film's nationality matters much less than its language. Although a film has to be "foreign" (i.e. non-American) in order to be nominated for the award, it also has to be in a language other than English. Foreign films where the majority of the dialogue is in English cannot qualify for the Foreign Language Film Award, and the Academy has usually applied this requirement very seriously by disqualifying films containing too much English dialogue, the most recent case being that of the Israeli film The Band's Visit (2007).[8] Despite the basic importance of the foreign language requirement, a completely dialogueless film such as Le Bal (1983) was nominated in the Foreign Language Film category.[9]

Another disqualifying factor is a film's television or Internet transmission prior to its theatrical release, hence the Academy's rejection of the Dutch film Bluebird (2004).[10] A film may also be refused if its submitting country has exercised insufficient artistic control over it. Several films have been declared ineligible by the Academy for the latter reason, the most recent of which is Lust, Caution (2007), Taiwan's entry for the 80th Academy Awards.[11] The disqualifications, however, generally take place in the pre-nomination stage, with the exception of A Place in the World (1992), Uruguay's entry for the 65th Academy Awards, which was disqualified because of insufficient Uruguayan artistic control after having secured a nomination. It is the only film so far to have been declared ineligible and removed from the final ballot after having been nominated for the Foreign Language Film Award.

Since the 2006 (79th) Academy Awards, submitted films no longer have to be in an official language of the submitting country.[12] This requirement had previously prevented countries from submitting films where the majority of the dialogue was spoken in a language that was non-native to the submitting country, and the Academy's executive director explicitly cited as a reason for the rule change the case of the Italian film Private (2004), which was disqualified simply because its main spoken languages were Arabic and Hebrew, neither of which are indigenous languages of Italy.[13] This rule change enabled a country like Canada to receive a nomination for a Hindi-language film, Water. Previously, Canada had been nominated for French-language films only, since films shot in Canada's other official language (English) were ineligible for consideration for the Foreign Language Film category. Before the rule change, Canada had submitted two films in different languages—the invented-language film A Bullet in the Head in 1991 and the Inuktitut language film Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner in 2001. Inuktitut, one of the country's aboriginal languages, is not official throughout Canada, but was (and still is) official in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. Neither film earned a nomination. The rule change, however, did not affect the eligibility of non-English speaking American films, which are still disqualified from the Foreign Language Film category due to their nationality. Because of this, a Japanese-language film like Letters from Iwo Jima (2006) or a Mayan-language film like Apocalypto (2006) were unable to compete for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, even though they were both nominated for (and, in the case of Letters from Iwo Jima, won) the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film, which does not have similar nationality restrictions.[14] The nationality restrictions also differ from the practice of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) for their analogous award for Best Film Not in the English Language. While BAFTA Award eligibility requires a commercial release in the United Kingdom, that body does not impose a nationality restriction.[15]

As known, all films produced inside the United States have been ineligible for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film regardless of the language of their dialogue track. This fact also included films produced in U.S. overseas possessions. However, Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States and used to be eligible due to Puerto Ricans having had American citizenship since 1917. Their best success in this award was receiving a nomination for Santiago, the Story of his New Life (1989). However, as of 2011, the Academy decided not to allow submissions from the territory anymore.[16]

Submission and nomination process

Every country is invited to submit what it considers its best film to the Academy. Only one film is accepted from each country. The designation of each country's official submission has to be done by an organization, jury or committee composed of people from the film industry. For example, the British entry is submitted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, while the Brazilian entry is submitted by a committee under its Ministry of Culture. Names of the members of the selecting group must be sent to the Academy.

After each country has designated its official entry, English-subtitled copies of all submitted films are shipped to the Academy, where they are screened by the Foreign Language Film Award Committee(s), whose members select by secret ballot the five official nominations. Final voting for the winner is restricted to active and life Academy members who have attended exhibitions of all five nominated films. Members who have watched the Foreign Language Film entries only on videocassette or DVD are ineligible to vote.[1] These procedures were slightly modified for the 2006 (79th) Academy Awards, with the Academy deciding to institute a two-stage process in determining the nominees: for the first time in the history of the award, a nine-film shortlist was published one week before the official nominations announcement.[17] In the meantime, a smaller thirty-member committee which included ten New York City-based Academy members was formed, and spent three days viewing the shortlisted films before choosing the five official nominees. Residents of the city hosting the country's second largest film industry[18] were thus allowed to participate for the first time ever in the selection process for the Foreign Language Film Award nominees.[12]

Recipient

Unlike the Academy Award for Best Picture, which officially goes to the winning film's producers, the Foreign Language Film Award is not given to a specific individual but is considered an award for the submitting country as a whole. For example, the Oscar statuette won by the Canadian film The Barbarian Invasions (2003) was until recently on display at the Museum of Civilization in Quebec City.[19] It is now on display at the TIFF Bell lightbox.

The rules currently governing the Foreign Language Film category state that "the Academy statuette (Oscar) will be awarded to the picture and accepted by the director on behalf of the film's creative talents" (emphasis added).[1] Therefore, the director does not personally win the Award, but simply accepts it during the ceremony. In fact, the Foreign Language Film Award has never been associated with a specific individual since its creation, except for the 1956 (29th) Academy Awards, when the names of the producers were included in the nomination for the Foreign Language Film category. A director like Federico Fellini is thus considered to have never officially won an Academy Award of Merit during his lifetime, even though four of his films received the Foreign Language Film Award (the only Academy Award that Fellini personally won was his 1992 Honorary Award). On the other hand, producers Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti are considered to have personally won the 1956 Foreign Language Film Award given to Fellini's La Strada (1954), since their names were explicitly included in the nomination.

By contrast, the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language is personally awarded to the director and producer—that award's rules specifically state that the nomination and award is presented to the director and/or if "a producer equally shared the creative input with the director, both names may be submitted. A maximum of two individuals will be nominated per film".[15]

In 2014 it was announced that the name of the director will be engraved onto the Oscar statuette, in addition to the name of the country.[20]

Criticisms and controversies

Because each country chooses its official submission according to its own rules, the decisions of the nominating bodies in each respective country are sometimes mired in controversy: for instance, the Indian selection committee (Film Federation of India) was accused of bias by Bhavna Talwar, the director of Dharm (2007), who claimed her film was rejected in favor of Eklavya: The Royal Guard (2007) because of the personal connections of the latter film's director and producer.[21]

In recent years, the Academy's very definition of the term "country" itself has been polemical. The submissions for the 75th Academy Awards, for instance, became shrouded in controversy when it was reported that Humbert Balsan, producer of the critically acclaimed Palestinian film Divine Intervention (2002), tried to submit his picture to the Academy but was told it could not run for the Foreign Language Film Award since the State of Palestine is not recognized by the Academy in its rules. Because the Academy had previously accepted films from other political entities such as Hong Kong, the rejection of Divine Intervention triggered accusations of double standard from pro-Palestinian activists.[22] Three years later, however, another Palestinian-Arab film, Paradise Now (2005), succeeded in getting nominated for the Foreign Language Film Award. The nomination also caused protests, this time from pro-Israeli groups in the United States, who objected to the Academy's use of the name "Palestine" on its official website to designate the film's submitting country.[23] After intense lobbying from pro-Israeli groups, the Academy decided to designate Paradise Now as a submission from the Palestinian Authority, a move that was decried by the film's director Hany Abu-Assad.[24] During the awards ceremony, the film was eventually announced by presenter Will Smith as a submission from the Palestinian Territories.[25]

Another object of controversy is the Academy's "one-country-one-film" rule, which has been criticized by filmmakers.[26] The Guardian said that the idea of a Best Foreign Language Film category itself is a "fundamentally flawed premise" and this is the "most critically sneered-at of all Oscar categories."[27] It also stated, "In a perfect world — or, at least, as perfect a world as would still allow for gaudy film-award pageantry — there’d be no need for a separate best foreign language film Oscar. The fact that, after 87 years, the Academy has yet to honour a film not predominantly in English as the year's best says everything about their own limitations, and nothing about those of world cinema".[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d 80th Academy Awards – Special Rules for the Best Foreign Language Film Award Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  2. ^ Europe's tally includes 14 nominations and four wins for the U.S.S.R. and its successor states. It also includes five Special/Honorary Awards: two won by Italy, two won by France and one shared between them for The Walls of Malapaga (1949). The latter award is counted only once in Europe's tally, whereas it is included twice in the country-based table as it figures in both Italy's and France's tallies.
  3. ^ Number includes 3 Honorary Awards for Japan.
  4. ^ a b Levy, Emanuel (2003). "Chapter 11: The Oscar and the Foreign-Language Picture". All About Oscar: The History and Politics of the Academy Awards (2nd ed.). New York: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8264-1452-6. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  5. ^ Pryor, Thomas M. (October 2, 1956). "'Oscar' Created For Foreign Films" (fee required). The New York Times: 39. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  6. ^ 80th Academy Awards – The Awards Year and Deadlines Archived November 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  7. ^ "Countries choose Oscar contenders", BBC News, 2005-09-27. Retrieved November 19, 2007.
  8. ^ "The Band's Visit dropped from Oscar race", The Jerusalem Post, 2007-10-11. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  9. ^ Le Bal at the Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
  10. ^ Dore, Shalini. "Academy grounds Holland's Bluebird", Variety, 2005-12-12. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  11. ^ Dore, Shalini. "Academy rejects Lust Caution as Taiwan Oscar entry" Archived October 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Variety, 2007-10-18. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  12. ^ a b 79th Academy Awards – Rule Changes Archived February 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 2006-06-30. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  13. ^ "More Academy Resistance to Films from or About Palestine" Archived December 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Jerusalem Times, 2005-10-26. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  14. ^ Kilday, Gregg. "Apocalypto on foreign Globes list", The Hollywood Reporter, 2006-11-28. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  15. ^ a b "EE British Academy Film Awards: Rules and Guidelines 2015/16" (PDF). British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  16. ^ Puerto Rico queda excluido de la carrera por el Oscar; El Nuevo Día (October 5, 2011)
  17. ^ Zeitchik, Steven. "Foreign Oscar list down to nine", Variety, 2007-01-16. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  18. ^ NYC Film Statistics Archived February 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Mayor's Office of Film, Theatre, and Broadcasting. Retrieved November 19, 2007.
  19. ^ Québec Cinema: The Whole Story – A major exhibition on Québec film Archived November 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Musée de la civilisation, 2006-05-03. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  20. ^ "Oscars to Add Winning Foreign Language Director's Name on Statuette". The Wrap. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  21. ^ "India's entry to Oscars caught in a legal tangle", Reuters India, 2007-09-29. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  22. ^ Doherty & Abunimah. "Oscars' double standard turns Palestinian film into refugee", The Electronic Intifada, 2002-12-10. Retrieved November 20, 2007.
  23. ^ 78th Academy Awards – Nominees and Winners Archived August 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 20, 2007.
  24. ^ Agassi, Tirzah. "Middle East tensions hang over Palestinian nominee for an Oscar", The San Francisco Chronicle, 2006-02-26. Retrieved November 20, 2007.
  25. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wikqd0aUVkM
  26. ^ Galloway, Stephen. "Filmmakers questions Oscar's foreign movie rules", Reuters, 2007-11-09. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  27. ^ a b "Oscars 2015: what will win best foreign language film?".

External links

List of Afghan submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Afghanistan has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 2002, following the fall of the country's previous Taliban government. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.As of 2018, thirteen Afghan films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film but none of them have been nominated for an Oscar.

List of Algerian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Algeria has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1969. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.As of 2018, four Algerian films have been nominated for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and one of these films, Costa-Gavras' Z, has won the award. The other two directors to have Algerian films accepted as nominees are Ettore Scola and Rachid Bouchareb. Scola's Le Bal was accepted as a nominee at the 56th Academy Awards. Bouchareb has had two films accepted as nominees: Dust of Life at the 68th Academy Awards and Days of Glory at the 79th Academy Awards, but neither of his other submissions were accepted as nominees.

List of Armenian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Armenia has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 2002. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since. They also unsuccessfully attempted to submit a film in 1991.

As of 2018, seven Armenian films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but none of them have yet been nominated for an Oscar.

List of Azerbaijani submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Azerbaijan has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 2007. The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since. As of 2017, seven Azerbaijani films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but none has yet received an Oscar nomination.

List of Belarusian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Belarus has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1994. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since. As of 2018, three Belarusian films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and none of them have been nominated for an Academy Award.

List of Bhutanese submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Bhutan are among the one hundred countries that have submitted films for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Both countries made their first submissions in 1999. The Foreign Language Film award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. As of 2015 one Bhutanese film has been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

List of Dominican submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

The Dominican Republic is among the one-hundred countries that have submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Dominican Republic has submitted a total of eleven films since their debut in 1983, but they have never yet been nominated.

List of Estonian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Estonia has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1992. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since. Fifteen Estonian films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, of which one has been nominated for an Oscar.

List of Hungarian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Hungary has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since 1965. Only France has a longer unbroken streak entering the Foreign Oscar competition.

The Best Foreign Language Film Award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. Hungary's submission is selected annually by a Selection Committee of esteemed film professionals.Hungarian films have been nominated for Oscar awards ten times, and István Szabó's Mephisto won an Oscar. Hungarian films were nominated six times in eleven years, between 1978 and 1988. The next win came in 2015 with Son of Saul.István Szabó has had his films selected to represent Hungary seven times between 1967 and 1992, more than any other Hungarian director. Four of his films were nominated for an Oscar, including one win. Zoltán Fábri's films were selected four times between 1965 and 1978, and nominated twice.

List of Icelandic submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Iceland has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1981. The first film to be sent to AMPAS by Iceland was Land and Sons which was released in Iceland in 1980. Since then, Iceland has sent in a film every year.

Only one Icelandic film, Börn náttúrunnar (Children of Nature), directed by Friðrik Þór Friðriksson, has received a nomination for Best Foreign Language Film. However, a second, Djúpið (The Deep), made the nine-film shortlist in 2012, and a third, Síðasti bærinn (The Last Farm) by Rúnar Rúnarsson, was also nominated for Best Live Action Short in 2006.

Friðrik Þór Friðriksson's films have been selected to represent Iceland six times- more than any other Icelandic director. Ágúst Guðmundsson, Baltasar Kormákur and Hrafn Gunnlaugsson have each represented Iceland four times. In 1990, Guðný Halldórsdóttir became the first Icelandic woman to represent the country.

List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category. The award is given annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The "Best Foreign Language Film" category was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented a non-competitive Honorary Award for the best foreign language films released in the United States.The Film Federation of India (FFI) appoints a committee to choose one film among those released that year to be submitted as India's official entry to the Academy for a nomination for "Best Foreign Language Film" the following year. The chosen films, along with their English subtitles, are sent to the Academy, where they are screened for the jury. The 1957 Hindi film Mother India was India's first submission. The film made it to the final shortlist and was nominated alongside four other films in the category. It came close to winning the Academy Award but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote. Since 1984, India has not submitted a film on only one occasion; in 2003, the FFI controversially chose not make an entry as they felt no film would be in a position to compete with films from other nations. As of 2014, only three Indian films—Mother India (1957), Salaam Bombay! (1988) and Lagaan (2001)—have been nominated for the Academy Award for "Best Foreign Language Film". In 2011, the jury of the 58th National Film Awards made a recommendation that films winning Best Film at the annual National Film Awards should be the official entry. However, over the next three years, none of the "Best Film" winners was chosen as the official entry. For the 88th Academy Awards, Court, the "Best Film" winner at the 62nd National Film Awards, was submitted by India.

List of Japanese submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Japan has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since the inception of the award. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States. These awards were not competitive, as there were no nominees but simply a winner every year that was voted on by the Board of Governors of the Academy. Three Japanese films were recipients of Honorary Awards during this period. For the 1956 Academy Awards, a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.As of 2018, twelve Japanese films have been nominees for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and one film, Departures, has won the award. The only Japanese directors to have multiple films be nominated for the award are Akira Kurosawa and Noboru Nakamura. Kurosawa received an Honorary Award prior to the inception of the formal award for his work on Rashomon and the actual Academy Award for Dersu Uzala (submitted for the former Soviet Union), and had four other films submitted, with two of them accepted as nominees. Notably, Kurosawa's 1985 film Ran was deliberately not nominated by the Japanese film industry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film due to the poor perception he had among Japanese filmmakers at the time. Nakamura had two films, Twin Sisters of Kyoto and Portrait of Chieko, submitted as nominees for the award. Among all the countries that have submitted films for the award, Japan ranks fifth in terms of total nominees, behind Sweden (fourteen nominees) and ahead of the former Soviet Union (nine nominees).

List of Malaysian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Malaysia is one of more than a hundred countries that have sent films to compete for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 2004. The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.As of 2016, a total of four films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but none has yet received an Oscar nomination. The Princess of Mount Ledang was the first film to be submitted in 2003, since then no other films that was submitted until 2012, a film directed by Dain Said Bunohan was sent to compete, but it failed to set out as the nominee.

For the 88th Academy Awards, Men Who Save the World was decided by National Film Development Corporation Malaysia (FINAS) to be submitted, affiliated with Malaysian Ministry of Communications and Multimedia.

List of Philippine submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

The Philippines have submitted films for consideration for the Best Foreign-Language Film category of the Academy Awards since the inception of the category in 1956, when the Italian film La Strada won the honors. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.In the 26th Academy Awards (1953), the first Filipino film to be exhibited in the Venice Film Festival, Genghis Khan, was under contention for receipt of the Honorary Foreign Language Film award, the precursor to the current category.From 1956 to the inception of the Film Academy of the Philippines in 1982, four films have been submitted for consideration by the Film Society of the Philippines, the Film Institute of the Philippines, the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences (FAMAS), and the Philippine Movie Producers Association, the four organizations that were responsible for doing so. Only four films were sent during those times because of certain technicalities that vetoed possible submissions out of the list.

Since 1982, the Film Academy has, on an irregular basis, sent submissions to the Academy Awards for that category.

List of Polish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Poland has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film on a regular basis since 1963. The Oscar is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.

List of Tajik submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

Tajikistan has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1999. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.As of 2009, two Tajik films have been submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

List of Thai submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

The Kingdom of Thailand has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1984, when it became the second independent nation in Southeast Asia to join the competition, after the Philippines. The award is given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.To date Thailand has submitted twenty-one films to AMPAS for Oscar consideration but thus far no Thai candidate has received an Oscar nomination. Four submissions were directed by Chatrichalerm Yukol, a member of the Thai nobility, and four were directed by Pen-Ek Ratanaruang.

List of submissions to the 52nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

The following 23 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 52nd Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The highlighted titles were the five nominated films, which came from France, Italy, Poland, Spain. West Germany won the award with the film The Tin Drum.The People's Republic of China submitted a film for the first time.

List of submissions to the 74th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film every year since the award was created in 1956. The award is presented annually by the Academy to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films.For the 74th Academy Awards, which were held on March 24, 2002, the Academy invited 78 countries to submit films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Fifty-one countries submitted films to the Academy, including Armenia and Tanzania, all of which submitted films for the first time. Uruguay, whose submission for the 65th Academy Awards was disqualified, submitted an eligible film for the first time. The Academy released a list of the five nominees for the award on February 12, 2002. The winner of the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film was Bosnia and Herzegovina's No Man's Land, which was directed by Danis Tanović.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.