Acacia (fraternity)

Acacia (Ακακία) is a social fraternity founded in 1904 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The fraternity has 28 active chapters and 4 colonies throughout Canada and the United States. The fraternity was founded by undergraduate Freemasons, and was originally open only to men who had taken the Masonic obligations, but in 1933 the International Conclave elected to dispense with the Masonic prerequisite. In 1988, at the 45th Conclave, the fraternity elected to use "International" rather than "National" when referring to the fraternity.

Acacia
Ακακία
AcaciaCrestPNG
FoundedMay 12, 1904
University of Michigan
TypeSocial
ScopeUnited States
Canada
MottoΩΦΕΛΟΥΝΤΕΣ ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΥΣ
– "Human Service"
Colors     Old Gold
     Black
Symbol3-4-5 right triangle of the first quadrant
Flag
Acacia flag
FlowerSprig of Acacia in bloom
Chapters29 in United States,
1 in Canada, 4 colonies
PrinciplesScholarship, Leadership, Brotherhood, Philanthropy.[1]
Headquarters8777 Purdue Road, Suite 225
Indianapolis, Indiana
USA
Websiteacacia.org

General history

Founders of Acacia Fraternity (1904)
The founding members of the Acacia fraternity

Acacia Fraternity was founded on 12 May 1904, by a group of 14 Freemasons attending the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. From the time of its founding, members of other fraternities were eligible for membership in Acacia. However, the fraternity's rapid growth allowed it to stand on its own as a separate and co-equal fraternity, and in 1921 it dropped the provision that allowed men of other fraternities to join.

During the first two decades of the 20th century, Acacia was evolving from its roots as a successful Masonic club into the more standardized model of the other collegiate fraternities of the day. While maintaining its history and the symbolism derived from the Masonic fraternity, because of what Baird's cites (pIII-1) as a decline in the number of student Masons in undergraduate schools, Acacia opted in 1931 to relax the requirement that members must be Masons, removing the provision entirely in 1933.[2][3]

Early chapters were named alphabetically using Hebrew letters; these first 26 chapters at their option continue to use their historical designations today, while younger chapters are named after the institution at which they are located.[2]

The fraternity officially became International in 1988 at the 45th Conclave after the addition of the University of Western Ontario Chapter and the petition of the Carleton University Chapter.[2][3]

Founders

The founders of Acacia fraternity were:

  • James M. Cooper
  • Benjamin E. DeRoy
  • Edward E. Gallup
  • Jared W. Hawkins
  • Clarence G. Hill
  • Harvey J. Howard
  • George A. Malcolm
  • Ernest R. Ringo
  • William J. Marshall
  • Harlan P. Rowe
  • Ralph B. Scatterday
  • Charles A. Sink
  • Harry B. Washburn
  • Walter S. Wheeler

Acacia is the only general fraternity to be founded at Michigan.[2]

Symbolism

The Sprig of Acacia is one of many Acacia symbols with roots in the Masonic Brotherhood. The Sprig of Acacia, symbolically, is a symbol of immortality among Masons, giving assurance that death is not the end. It is used by that organization during or after a funeral service, to honor a brother who has died. According to tradition, the symbol also reminds participants of the obligation that Masons must provide for the widow and children of their fallen brother. The Acacia fraternity has adopted this and other Masonic symbols, retaining them in linkage to its heritage.[3]

The Acacia flag was adopted in 1950. It consists of a vertical triband of gold-black-gold with the fraternity coat of arms on the center (or on a fess cotised sable three right triangles of the field) and the name in gold Old English lettering in an arc at the top.[3][4]

The main symbol and representation of Acacia occurs within a 3-4-5 (base-altitude-hypotenuse) right triangle of the first quadrant. This triangle holds very special significance to the fraternity and its members, symbolizing the imperfect nature of man as well as the struggle to approach an ideal, which symbolically is occasionally represented as a circle. Unless specified otherwise, whenever a triangle is mentioned in this article, a 3-4-5 right triangle of the first quadrant is what is meant.[3]

The present Acacia badge is a right triangle of the first quadrant whose sides are of the proportions 3, 4, 5, with the shortest side being the base. The sides are set with twelve pearls—three on the base, four on the altitude, and five on the hypotenuse. The corners are set with garnets. Within the triangle are three small right triangles of the same proportion, outlined in gold on a black enamel background. The badge of Acacia as it appears today was adopted at the second Grand Council of Acacia, which was held on December 6, 1913.[2][3]

The crest of Acacia depicts a three taper candelabrum surrounded by a wreath of Acacia. Below a shield of old gold, on fess cottised sable three 3-4-5 right triangles. Below the shield is a blue ribbon holding the motto of the fraternity in Greek: ΩΦΕΛΟΥΝΤΕΣ ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΥΣ ("Human Service" or "In Service of Humanity").[3]

International operations

Acacia Fraternity's International Council serves as the organization's supreme executive and judicial body. It is composed of eight officers: six alumni and two undergraduates. Alumni officers' terms run four years, while undergraduate counselors' terms are two years.[2]

The Acacia Fraternity Foundation (AFF)[5] founded in 1989, is Acacia Fraternity's non-profit educational foundation. A 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization, the AFF exists to provide scholarships to student Acacians and to support the worthy educational and leadership activities of the fraternity.[3]

Chapter operations

The leadership of each chapter of Acacia is composed of at least five major officers: the Venerable Dean, Senior Dean, Junior Dean, Treasurer, and Secretary. Most chapters also include in some capacity a Director of Service and Philanthropy, Director(s) of Recruitment, and Risk Manager. The Venerable Dean is often referred to out of the house as the president of the chapter and performs such duties as running meetings and overseeing general house operations. The Senior Dean acts as the vice president of the chapter, stepping in for the Venerable Dean in his absence. In most cases, the Senior Dean is also the pledge educator. The Junior Dean is in charge of all socials including brotherhood events, formals, and mixers. The other two officers perform such functions as are normal for their positions. Some chapters assign additional responsibilities to various officers, so there may be slight variations from chapter to chapter.[2]

International events

In even-numbered years, the Acacia Fraternity hosts the biennial Conclave, forming the legislative body of the fraternity. Each chapter in good standing is allowed two votes (usually the Venerable Dean and Chapter Advisor). In odd-numbered years, Acacia's Indiana Chapter hosts the Acacia Leadership Academy (ALA) which provides leadership training to undergraduate members of the fraternity.[3]

Controversies

In 1993, the Kansas University chapter of Acacia had its charter revoked after a raucous party that caused $50,000 worth of damage to the fraternity's house.[6]

In 2012, the Indiana University Bloomington chapter of Acacia was suspended at least two years for hazing violations.[7] The fraternity has since rechartered.[8]

In 2013, two Acacia brothers at Penn State were charged with ethnic intimidation and criminal mischief after spray-painting anti-Semitic language, swastikas, and sexual references at Jewish fraternity Beta Sigma Beta.[9]

In 2015, the Purdue University chapter of Acacia was suspended due to underage drinking violations and the rape of an Iowa college student that occurred at the same party.[10][11]

In 2015, the Louisiana State University chapter of Acacia was suspended until 2018 due to hazing violations.[12]

In 2015, the Miami University chapter of Acacia closed for failure to comply with Miami's Community Advancement Program (programming and membership development standards), and has no plans to return.[13]

In 2016, the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign chapter of Acacia held a controversial party with the Alpha Phi sorority where members dressed in various stereotypical ethnic costumes, triggering a backlash from Black, Latino, Muslim and LGBT student groups on campus.[14]

In 2017, Acacia and Millersville University of Pennsylvania were sued for negligence in the death of Karlie Hall, who was murdered in her dorm room by her boyfriend Greg Orrostieta after leaving an Acacia party.[15]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "History of the Acacia Fraternity at Cornell".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Anson, Jack L.; Marchenasi, Robert F., eds. (1991) [1879]. Baird's Manual of American Fraternities (20th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Baird's Manual Foundation, Inc. p. III-1–3. ISBN 978-0963715906.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Acacia Fraternity (U.S.)". Archived from the original on 2009-03-05.
  4. ^ McMillan, Joe (2008-06-07). "Acacia Fraternity (U.S.)". Archived from the original on 7 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
  5. ^ The Acacia Fraternity Foundation Archived September 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "ACACIA FRATERNITY HOUSE MAY BE PUT UP FOR SALE". LJWorld.com. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  7. ^ "Alleged hazing factored into loss of Acacia's house, charter". Indiana Daily Student. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  8. ^ "Acacia returns to campus with focus on old values". Indiana Daily Student. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  9. ^ "Penn State fraternities have had prior brushes with the law". centredaily. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  10. ^ "Underage drinking allegedly preceded frat house rape". Journal & Courier. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  11. ^ "Purdue police arrest student accused of rape". Journal & Courier. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  12. ^ Staff, WAFB. "LSU chapter of Acacia Fraternity closes after hazing incident". Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  13. ^ "Unrecognized Organizations - Miami University". miamioh.edu. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  14. ^ "Ill. fraternity, sorority party sparks cultural appropriation debate on campus". USA TODAY College. 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  15. ^ "Parents of Millersville student murdered by boyfriend in dorm room sue university, fraternity". PennLive.com. Retrieved 2017-11-21.

External links

Acacia (disambiguation)

Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees of Gondwanian origin, belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae.

It has also on occasion been used as the common name, or part of the common name, of other closely related plants, such as some species of Robinia, Vachellia, and Acacia sensu lato.

Acacia may also refer to:

Acacia (band), a British pop band from the 1990s

Acacia (film), a 2003 South Korean horror film

Acacia: The War with the Mein, a novel by American author David Anthony Durham

Acacia Avenue, a placeholder name for an English suburban road

Acacia (fraternity), a social fraternity based on Masonic traditions

Acacia Mining, an English mining company operating in Tanzania

Acacia Prison, a private prison in Western Australia

Acacia Research, a patent enforcement entity

Gum acacia, another name for Gum arabic

USCGC ACACIA (WLB-406)

USS Acacia, a steam-powered tugboat in the service of the US Navy during the American Civil War

2S3 Akatsiya, Russian for acacia, a Soviet 152.4 mm self-propelled artillery

Bobb McKittrick

Bobb McKittrick (December 29, 1935 – March 15, 2000) was an American football offensive line coach in the National Football League who coached in five Super Bowls.

Close House (Iowa City, Iowa)

The Close Mansion also known as the Close House, was built in 1874 at a cost of around $15,000 was one of the great mansions of Iowa City, Iowa and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The mansion is located at the corner of Gilbert and Bowery in Iowa City. The Close family was involved in a linseed oil company and a glove factory, both of which were located near that home.

David Sholtz

David Sholtz (October 6, 1891 – March 21, 1953) was the 26th Governor of Florida.

Ed Weir

Samuel Edwin Weir (March 14, 1903 – May 15, 1991) was an American collegiate and professional football player. He was the first Nebraska Cornhuskers football player elected to the College Football Hall of Fame and is known as one of Nebraska's greatest athletes. In 2005 the Omaha World-Herald, as part of a series on the 100 Greatest Athletes of Nebraska, named Weir the 19th best athlete in the state's history.

Frank S. Land

Frank Sherman "Dad" Land (June 21, 1890 – November 8, 1959) was the Founder of the Order of DeMolay. A business and community leader in Kansas City, Land served as Imperial Potentate of the Shriners and is revered today as the Founder of the Order of DeMolay.

George A. Malcolm

George Arthur Malcolm (November 5, 1881 — May 16, 1961) was an American lawyer who emerged as an influential figure in the development of the practice of law in the Philippines in the 20th century. At age 35, he was appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, where he would serve for 19 years. His most enduring legacy perhaps lies in his role in the establishment of the College of Law at the University of the Philippines.

Harold Eugene Edgerton

Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton also known as Papa Flash (April 6, 1903 – January 4, 1990) was a professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is largely credited with transforming the stroboscope from an obscure laboratory instrument into a common device. He also was deeply involved with the development of sonar and deep-sea photography, and his equipment was used by Jacques Cousteau in searches for shipwrecks and even the Loch Ness Monster.

Jay Bond

James Edward "Jay" Bond (April 11, 1885 – May 15, 1954) was an American football and baseball coach. He was the 16th head football coach at the University of Kansas, serving the 1918 season, which was shortened due to an outbreak of influenza on campus. Bond's 1918 Kansas Jayhawks football team compiled a record of 2–2. Bond was also the head baseball coach at Kansas from 1918 to 1919, tallying a mark of 5–9.

John Carleton Jones

John Carleton Jones (July 30, 1856 – April 22, 1930) was an American educator and tenth president of the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri; in recognition, he was initiated as an honorary member of Acacia Fraternity. Though he held the post for only three years he was important in the construction of the Memorial Union (University of Missouri) and Faurot Field. Jones Hall is named in his honor. He is buried in Columbia at the Columbia Cemetery

List of Acacia brothers

The list of Acacia brothers includes initiated and honorary members of Acacia.

List of Acacia chapters

This is a list of the chapters of Acacia Fraternity, in order of chartering.

Midland University

Midland University is a private Lutheran liberal arts university in Fremont, Nebraska. It has an approximate enrollment of 1,400 students on 33-acre (13 ha) campus. The university offers more than thirty undergraduate bachelor's degrees and three graduate master's degrees, including Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Education in Leadership, Master of Science: Adult and Organizational Learning, and Master of Athletic Training.Fielding athletic teams known as the Midland University Warriors and the college is a member of the Great Plains Athletic Conference (GPAC) in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA). The university’s official colors are navy blue and orange. The university offers several extracurricular activities, including 31 varsity athletic teams, leadership and service groups, clubs, and organizations, as well as fraternities and sororities.Known as Midland Lutheran College from 1962–2010, the university is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

Paul V. McNutt

Paul Vories McNutt (July 19, 1891 – March 24, 1955) was an American diplomat and politician who served as the 34th Governor of Indiana, high commissioner to the Philippines, administrator of the Federal Security Agency, chairman of the War Manpower Commission and ambassador to the Philippines.

Richard Henry Jesse

Richard Henry Jesse (May 1, 1853 – January 21, 1921) was an American educator and the eighth president of the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. He was born in Lancaster County, Virginia 1853 and attended the University of Virginia. He went on to teach at the University of Louisiana and Tulane University before assuming the presidency 1891. He retired in 1908. Jesse Hall on the David R. Francis Quadrangle is named in honor of him and was initiated as an Honorary member of the Acacia Fraternity. He is buried in Columbia at the Columbia Cemetery.

Roscoe Pound

Nathan Roscoe Pound (October 27, 1870 – June 30, 1964) was a distinguished American legal scholar and educator. He was Dean of University of Nebraska College of Law from 1903 to 1911 and then Dean of Harvard Law School from 1916 to 1936. He was a member of the faculty at UCLA School of Law in the school's first years, from 1949 to 1952. The Journal of Legal Studies has identified Pound as one of the most cited legal scholars of the 20th century.

Syracuse University fraternity and sorority system

The Syracuse University fraternity and sorority system offers organizations under the Panhellenic Council, the Interfraternity Council (IFC), the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations, the National Multicultural Greek Council, and the National Pan-Hellenic Council.

Thomas Whitney (computing)

Thomas M. (Tom) Whitney is best known as an inventor of the pocket calculator and an early employee of Apple Computer.He joined Hewlett-Packard in 1967, where he helped develop the HP-35, the world's first handheld scientific electronic calculator. During the HP years, he was also a lecturer at Santa Clara University.

He later joined Apple as employee 15 and in 1978 became executive vice president of engineering, working directly with Steve Jobs and Jef Raskin on the Macintosh project.

Whitney completed BS (1961), MS (1962) and PhD (1964) degrees in electrical engineering at Iowa State University, where he was a member of Acacia fraternity. He graduated from Aurelia High School in Aurelia, Iowa in 1957.

Whitney died in 1986 at age 47.

Toga party

A toga party is a Greco-Roman-themed costume party where attendees wear a toga (normally made from a bed sheet) with sandals. The costumes, party games, and other entertainment often adhere to the Roman or Greek theme. Toga parties are associated with keg parties and excessive drinking, and attendees typically tend to be college or university students.

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