Abū Hurayrah al-Dawsī al-Zahrāni Al-Azdi (Arabic: أبو هريرة الدوسي الزهراني الأزدي; 603–681), Also called Abu hurayra al-Dawsi al-Yamani often spelled Abu Hurairah, was one of the sahabah (companions) of Muhammad and, according to Sunni Islam, the most prolific narrator of hadith. He was known by the kunyah Abu Hurayrah "Father of a Kitten", in reference to his documented attachment to cats. It is unclear as to what his real name is, the most popular opinion being that it was ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Ṣakhr (عبد الرحمن بن صخر). Abu Hurayrah spent four years in the company of Muhammad and went on expeditions and journeys with him. He is credited with narrating at least 5374 Ahadith.
Abu Hurairah was from the Arab tribe of Banu Daws and was born in the region of Bani Daws which was in Yemen at that time. His father had died, leaving him with only his mother and no other relatives.
His name is disputed among Muslim scholars. His name is said to be "Abd al-Rahman Ibn Sakhr","Abul Rahman Ibn Ghnam","Abd Ibn Ghnam","abd Nahm Ibn 'Amir","Abd Shams Ibn 'Amir","'Omir Ibn 'Amir","Abd Shams Ibn Sakhr", "'Amir Ibn Abd Ghnam", "Sikin Ibn Mal", "Sikin Ibn Hana'", "'Amr Ibn Abd Shams", "Amr Ibd Abd Nihm", "Sikin Ibn Jabir", "Yazid Ibn 'Ashrqah", "Abdullah Ibn 'Aith", "Sikin Ibn Wathmah", "Borir Ibn 'Ashraqah" and "Saeed Ibn Al-Harith". His birth name is also disputed among Muslim scholars, they give him these names "Abd Shams", "Abdallah", "Sikin", "'Amir", "Borir", "Amr", "Saeed", "Abd Amr", "Abd Ghnam", "Abd Yalil" and "Abd Tim".
Abu Hurairah embraced Islam through Tufayl ibn Amr, the chieftain of his tribe. Tufayl had returned to his village after meeting Muhammad and become a Muslim in the early years of his mission. Abu Hurairah was one of the first to respond to his call, unlike the majority of Tufayl's tribesmen, who embraced Islam later. Abu Hurairah accompanied Tufayl to Mecca to meet Muhammad who renamed him Abd al-Rahman ("servant of the Merciful", one of the 99 Names of God). Abu Hurairah then returned to his tribe to live for many years.
He was present during the Expedition of Dhat al-Riqa‘. Some scholars claim, the expedition took place in the Najd, a large area of tableland in the Arabian Peninsula in Rabi‘ II or Jumada al-awwal, 4 AH (or the beginning of 5 AH). They substantiate their claim by saying that it was strategically necessary to carry out this campaign in order to quell the rebellious bedouins in order to meet the exigencies of the agreed upon encounter with the polytheists, i.e. minor Badr Battle in Sha‘ban, 4 A.H. Muhammed received the news that certain tribes of the Ghatafan were assembling at Dhat al-Riqa‘ with suspicious purposes.
Muhammad proceeded towards Najd at the head of 400 or 700 men, after he had mandated Abu Dhar al-Ghifari – or in the Umayyad version, Uthman, the Umayyad chief who killed Abu Dhar – is given this honor to dispose the affairs of Medina during his absence. The Muslim fighters penetrated deep into their land until they reached a spot called Nakhla, where they came across some bedouins of Ghatfan.
However, the opinion according to Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri in his The Sealed Nectar, is that the Dhat ar-Riqa‘ campaign took place after the fall of Khaybar and not as part of the invasion of the Najd. This is supported by the fact that Abu Hurayrah and Abu Musa al-Ash'ari witnessed the battle. Abu Hurairah embraced Islam only some days before Khaibar, and Abu Musa Al-Ash‘ari came back from Abyssinia and joined Muhammad at Khaybar. The rules relating to the prayer of fear which Muhammad observed at Dhat Ar-Riqa‘ campaign, were revealed at the Invasion of the 'Asfan and this, scholars say, took place after the Battle of the Trench.
Following the death of Muhammad, Abu Hurayrah spent the rest of his life teaching hadith in Medina, except for a short period as governor of Eastern Arabia (then called "Bahrayn") during the reign of Umar, and when he was the governor of Medina during the early Umayyad Caliphate. Abu Hurayrah died in 681CE (59AH) at the age of 78 and was buried at al-Baqi'.
The al-Manar Centre (sometimes referred to as 2 Glynrhondda Street) is a Salafi mosque in the Cathays district of Cardiff, Wales. Founded in 1992, it describes itself as being "one of [the] Ahlus-Sunnah organisations". A widely circulated claim holds that a mosque was registered at this address in 1860, which would make the Al-Manar Centre the oldest mosque in the United Kingdom. This has, however, been shown to result from a transcription error in the Register of Religious Sites, making the Liverpool Muslim Institute, established in 1891, the first.
In 2014, the mosque became the subject of media attention after it emerged that Nasser Muthana and Reyaad Khan, two young men who appeared in a propaganda video for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and Muthana's brother Aseel, also believed to be fighting in Syria for the same organisation, had worshipped at the mosque. The centre denied that it had played any part in their radicalisation.Ashab al-Suffa
Ashab al-Suffa, is a general name for young, unmarried and poor citizens who dwelled in Suffas, which were established by the Islamic prophet Muhammad next to Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
Those citizens were usually orphans, who were striving to learn business, art, agriculture and Islam. They were not educated in any kind of crafts so they generally preferred to spend their day by Muhammad and memorised verses from Quran, cited by the prophet. They studied the Quran and Sunnah. When the government would assign someone as a teacher in religious studies, this teacher would be someone from among those students.
Abu Hurairah is one of the eminent scholars, educated in Suffas.Banu Daws
The Banu Daws (Arabic: بنو دوس) was one of the tribes of Arabia during Muhammad's era. Located south of Mecca, the tribe is a branch of Zahran tribe, among its leaders
Tufayl ibn Amr, one of Muhammad's companions.Expedition of Dhat al-Riqa
The expedition of Dhat al-Riqa took place in October 625 AD, 5AH of the Islamic Calendar, but some other Muslim scholars believe it took place after the Battle of Khaybar in 627 AD, i.e. 7 AH of the Islamic Calendar., 2 Quran verses 5:11 and 4:101 are related to this event.Gerhard Böwering
Professor Gerhard Böwering is a German academic, currently Professor of Islamic Studies within the Department of Religious Studies, Yale University. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2005 following his "formative influence of al-Sulami's commentary on the Qur'an"Hammam ibn Munabbih
Hammam ibn Munabbih (Arabic: همام بن منبه) (d. 101/719) was an Islamic scholar, from among the Tabi‘in and one of the narrators of hadith.Hurairah
Hurairah may refer to:
Tell Abu Hureyra
HurayraInvasion of Najd
The Invasion of Najd, happened in Rabi‘ Ath-Thani or Jumada Al-Ula, 4 A.H i.e. in October, 625 AD.Muhammad led his fighters to Najd to scare off some tribes he believed had suspicious intentions.
Some scholars say the Expedition of Dhat al-Riqa took place in Najd as part of this invasion.Islam and cats
The domestic cat is a revered animal in Islam. Admired for its cleanliness as well as for being loved by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the cat is considered "the quintessential pet" by Muslims.Mahmoud Messadi
Mahmoud Messadi (Tunisian Arabic: محمود المسعدي; 28 January 1911 – 16 December 2004) was a Tunisian author and intellectual.Mausoleum of Abu Huraira
The mausoleum of Abu Hurayra, or Rabban Gamaliel's Tomb, is a maqam and synagogue located in HaSanhedrin Park in Yavne, Israel, formerly belonging to the depopulated Palestinian village of Yibna. It has been described as "one of the finest domed mausoleums in Palestine."The mausoleum is located on a burial ground, northwest of Tel Yavne, that has been used by Yavnehites for burial since at least the Roman period. Since the early 13th century, it has been known to Muslims as a tomb of Abu Hurairah, a companion (sahaba) of Muhammad, although most Arabic sources give Medina as his burial place. The date of the inner tomb chamber is uncertain. In 1274, Mamluk Sultan Baybars ordered the construction of the riwaq featuring a tripartite portal and six tiny domes together with a dedicatory inscription, with the site expanded further in 1292 by Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil.The tomb is known to Jews as the Tomb of Rabban Gamaliel of Yavne, the first Nasi of the Sanhedrin after the fall of the Second Temple. The tomb is described as being occupied by a Muslim prayer house, in a Hebrew travel guide dated to between 1266 and 1291, and was frequently visited by Jewish medieval pilgrims. Following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War the mausoleum was officially designated as a shrine for Jews by the Israeli government.In all likelihood neither Rabban Gamaliel of Yavne nor Abu Hurairah are buried in the tomb.Mujaddid
A mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد), is an Islamic term for one who brings "renewal" (تجديد tajdid) to the religion. According to the popular Muslim tradition, it refers to a person who appears at the turn of every century of the Islamic calendar to revive Islam, cleansing it of extraneous elements and restoring it to its pristine purity.The concept is based not on the Quran but on a hadith (a saying of Islamic prophet Muhammad), recorded by Abu Dawood, Abu Hurairah narrated that Muhammad said:
Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred years the one who will renovate its religion for it.
Mujaddids tend to come from the most prominent Islamic scholars of the time, although they are sometimes pious rulers.Peace be upon him
The Arabic phrase ʿalayhi s-salām (عليه السلام), which translates as "peace be upon him" is a conventionally complimentary phrase or durood attached to the names of the prophets in Islam. The English phrase is also given the abbreviation PBUH in English-language writing. An extended variant of the phrase reads ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-ʿala āli-hi wa-sallam (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) [lit.] "blessings of God be upon him and his family and peace", and it is often abbreviated SAW or SAWS in writing, even in English. The Arabic phrase is given the name ṣalawāt. The phrase is encoded as a ligature at Unicode code point U+FDFA ﷺ ARABIC LIGATURE SALLALLAHOU ALAYHE WASALLAMSome Islamic scholars have voiced disagreement with the practice of abbreviating these phrases, arguing that it demonstrates laziness and a lack of respect.Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih
Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih is sometimes quoted as one of the earliest known hadith collections, but its original form has not been preserved. It was composed by 8th century scholar Hammam ibn Munabbih. It has been translated, in the 20th century, by Muhammad Hamidullah. Two copies of Sahifa Hammam bin Munabbih manuscript were discovered; one in a Damascus library and the other in a library in Berlin. Dr. Hamidullah published it after carefully comparing the two manuscripts.Hammam bin Munabbih (b. 19h) was a disciple of Abu Hurairah. It was generally known that the Sahifah had been completely included in the Musnad Ahmad.Shama'il Muhammadiyah
The Shamā'il Muhammadiyyah ("The Appearance of Muhammad"), often referred to as Shamā'il al-Tirmidhi or simply Shamā'il, is a collection of hadiths compiled by the 9th-century scholar Tirmidhi regarding the intricate details of the Islamic prophet Muhammad's appearance, belongings, manners and life. The book contains 399 narrations from the successors of Muhammad which are divided into 56 chapters.The best known and accepted of these hadith are attributed to Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin Ali.
Another well-known description is attributed to a woman named Umm Ma'bad.
Other descriptions are attributed to Aisha, `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas, Abu Hurairah and Hasan ibn Ali. While shama'il lists the physical and spiritual characteristics of Muhammad in simple prose, in hilye these are written about in a literary style.
Among other descriptive Shama'il text are the Dala'il al-Nubuwwah of Al-Bayhaqi, Tarih-i Isfahan of Abu Naeem Isfahani, Al-Wafa bi Fadha'il al-Mustafa of Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi and Al-Shifa of Qadi Ayyad are the main shemaa-il and hilya books.Shawwal
Shawwāl (Arabic: شوّال) is the tenth month of the lunar based Islamic calendar. Shawwāl means to 'lift or carry'; so named because a female camel normally would be carrying a fetus at this time of year.The Muslim 100
The Muslim 100: The Lives, Thoughts and Achievements of the Most Influential Muslims in History is a 2008 book, written by Muhammad Mojlum Khan and published by Kube Publishing, listing the biographies of the 100 most influential Muslims in history.Yavne
Yavne (Hebrew: יַבְנֶה) is a city in the Central District of Israel. In many English translations of the Bible it is known as Jabneh . During Greco-Roman times it was known as Jamnia (Ancient Greek: Ἰαμνία Iamníā; Latin: Iamnia); to the Crusaders as Ibelin; and in modern Arabic as Yibná (Arabic: يبنى).