Abdulmejid II (Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی, Abd al-Madjeed al-Thâni – Turkish: Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph of Ottoman Dynasty, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.
Head of the House of Osman
|29th Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate|
|Tenure||19 November 1922 – 3 March 1924|
|Successor||Ottoman Caliphate abolished|
|Head of the House of Osman|
|Pretence||16 May 1926 – 23 August 1944|
|Born||29/30 May 1868|
Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Died||23 August 1944 (aged 76)|
|Issue||Şehzade Ömer Faruk|
According to custom, Abdulmejid was confined to the palace until he was 40. On 4 July 1918, his first cousin Mehmed VI became Sultan and Abdulmejid was named Crown Prince. Following the deposition of his cousin on 1 November 1922, the Sultanate was abolished. But on 19 November 1922, the Crown Prince was elected Caliph by the Turkish National Assembly at Ankara. He established himself in Constantinople on 24 November 1922.
Abdulmejid was given the title of General in the Ottoman Army, but did not in fact have strong military inclinations, and his more significant role was as Chairman of the Ottoman Artists' Society.
He is considered as one of the most important painters of late period Ottoman art.
His paintings of the Harem, showing a modern musical gathering, and of his wife, Şehsuvar Hanım, reading Goethe's Faust. were displayed at an exhibition of Ottoman paintings in Vienna in 1918. His personal self-portrait can be seen at Istanbul Modern.
On 23 August 1944, Abdulmejid II died at his house in the Boulevard Suchet, Paris. His death coincided with the Liberation of Paris from the German occupation. He was buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia, by the order of King Saud of Saudi Arabia.
Abdulmejid had four consorts:
Abdulmejid IIBorn: 29 May 1868 Died: 23 August 1944
|Sunni Islam titles|
| Last Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate
19 November 1922 – 3 March 1924
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
19 November 1922 – 23 August 1944
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1922
|— TITULAR —
Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate
3 March 1924 – 23 August 1944
Reason for succession failure:
Caliphate abolished on March 3, 1924
Behiye Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: بهیه سلطان; 20 September 1881 – 5 March 1948) was the eldest daughter of Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin (1861–1915), who was the son of Ottoman Sultan Murad V (reigned 1876). Her mother was Naziknaz Hanım.Bezmiâlem Sultan
Bezmiâlem Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Bezmiâlem Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; 1807 – 2 May 1853) (Bezm-î Âlem or Bazim-î Âlam, meaning "feast of the world") was the second wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmut II, and the mother of Sultan Abdülmecit I of the Ottoman Empire.Dilpesend Kadın
Dilpesend Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: دل پسند قادین; 16 January 1861 – 17 June 1901) was the fifth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.Emsalinur Kadın
Emsalinur Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: امثال نور قادجن; 2 January 1866 – 20 November 1952) was the seventh wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.Gevheri Sultan
Gevheri Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: کوهری سلطان; 30 November 1904 – 10 December 1980) was an Ottoman princess, musician, and composer.Hayranidil Kadın
Hayranidil Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: خیراندل قادین; 21 November 1846 – 26 November 1895), meaning 'The excellent heart', was the second wife of Sultan Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire.Mehisti Hanım
Mehisti Hanım (Ottoman Turkish: مهستی خانم; 27 January 1892 – c. 1964) was the fourth wife of Abdulmejid II, the last Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate.Mehmed VI
Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Ottoman Turkish: محمد السادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, وحيد الدين Vahideddin, Turkish: Vahideddin or Altıncı Mehmet), who is also known as Şahbaba (meaning "Emperor-father") among his relatives, (14 January 1861 – 16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from July 4, 1918 until November 1, 1922 when the Ottoman Empire dissolved after World War 1 and became the nation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. The brother of Mehmed V, he became heir to the throne after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin as the eldest male member of the House of Osman. He acceded to the throne after the death of Mehmed V. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4 July 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was Sultan Abdulmejid I and mother was Gülüstü Hanım (1830 – 1865), an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba and his wife Afişe Lakerba, originally named Fatma Çaçba. Mehmed was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922.Mezidimestan Kadın
Mezidimestan Kadın (3 March 1869 – 21 January 1909) was the sixth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.Mihrişah Sultan
Mihrişah Sultan (also spelled Mihr-i Şāh; c. 1745 – 16 October 1805), known as "the Georgian Beauty", was the consort to Ottoman Sultan Mustafa III, and the mother of Sultan Selim III and his de facto co-regent (as the Valide Sultan) for sixteen years from 1789 until 1805.Mihrişah Sultan (daughter of Şehzade Izzeddin)
Mihrişah Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: مهرشاہ سلطان; 1 June 1916 – 25 January 1987) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of heir to the throne Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin, son of Sultan Abdülaziz.Münire Sultan (daughter of Şehzade Kemaleddin)
Münire Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: منیره سلطان; 17 May 1880 – 7 October 1939) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, the son of Sultan Abdulmejid I.Naciye Sultan
Naciye Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: ناجیه سلطان; 25 November 1896 – 5 December 1957) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Şehzade Seim Süleyman, son of Sultan Abdulmejid I.Nakşidil Sultan
Nakşidil Sultan (fully Devletli, İsmetli, Nakşidil Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-şân Hazretleri; c. 1767 – 22 August 1817; meaning "Embroidered on the Heart") was the consort of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid I and Valide Sultan to her son Mahmud II.Neslişah Sultan
Neslişah Sultan (Osmanoğlu) (Ottoman Turkish: نسل شاہ سلطان; 4 February 1921 – 2 April 2012) was a granddaughter of the last Ottoman Caliph Abdulmejid II and his first wife, Şehsuvar Hanım and granddaughter of the last Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI and his first wife, Nazikeda Kadın. She was the daughter of Şehzade Omer Faruk (1898–1969/1971) and his first wife and cousin Sabiha Sultan (1894–1971).
She grew up in Nice, France, after being exiled since she was 3 years old, when the Imperial House of Osman left Istanbul in accordance with Republican regulations and laws.Nurefsun Kadın
Nurefsun Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: نورافسون قادین; c. 1851 – c. 1915), was the third wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.Sazkar Hanım
Sazkar Hanım (Ottoman Turkish: سازکار خانم; 8 May 1873 – c. 1945) was the ninth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.Şevkefza Kadın
Şevkefza Kadın (died 17 September 1889; meaning "who cheers up"; Ottoman Turkish: شوق افزا قادین) was the fourth wife of Sultan Abdulmejid I of the Ottoman Empire. She held the position of Valide Sultan from 30 May 1876 to 31 August 1876, when her son Şehzade Murad ascended the throne as Murad V.Şükriye Sultan
Şükriye Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: شکریه سلطان; 24 February 1906 – 1 April 1972) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of heir to the throne Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin, son of Sultan Abdülaziz.
§ First Ottoman caliph
See also Ottoman Dynasty