Abdul Jalilul Akbar

Abdul Jalilul Akbar was the tenth Sultan of Brunei. He succeeded his father, Muhammad Hassan, in 1598 and ruled until his death in 1659. When he ascended to the throne, his uncle Pengiran Di-Gadong Sahibul Mal Besar Omar acted as his regent.[2]

Abdul Jalilul Akbar
10th Sultan of Brunei
Reign1598-1659
PredecessorMuhammad Hassan
SuccessorAbdul Jalilul Jabbar
SpouseRadin Mas Ayu Siti Aishah
Siti Kaisa[1]
IssueSultan Abdul Jalilul Jabbar
Sultan Muhyiddin
FatherMuhammad Hassan
ReligionSunni Islam

Life

His Highness was the son of Sultan Muhammad Hassan, the ninth ruler of Brunei.[1] Before he ascended to the throne, he was known as Raja Tua Abdul Jalil.[1] He married to a princess from Java, Radin Mas Ayu Siti Aishah, the daughter of Kiyai Temenggong Manchu Negoro from Gersik.[1] From their marriage, they bore Sultan Abdul Jalilul Jabbar, Sultan Muhyiddin, Raja Omar, Pengiran Derma Wangsa Pengiran Muda Bongsu, Pengiran Di-Gadong Sahibul Mal Raja Damit Shahbudin and four unknown daughters.

His Highness had other children from his other wives including Pengiran Muda Besar Abdullah (father of Sultan Nasruddin), Raja Tengah and Raja Besar.[1]

European contacts

Durin his reign, he made numerous contacts with the European powers. He stabilized diplomatic relations with the Spaniards who were based in Manila in 1599.[2]

In December 1600 and January 1601, a Dutchman named Olivier Van Noort visited Brunei who left vivid accounts about Brunei.[3] Although he did not mention the name of the ruling sultan at that time, Van Noort managed to describe that the Brunei king was under the guardianship of his uncle who acted as his regent.[3]

In 1612, a British sailor, Sir Henry Middleton visited Brunei as part of his voyage to the East Indies.[2]

Death

His Highness died in 1659. He ruled the sultanate for sixty-one years. After his demise, he was known as Marhum Tua.[2] He was succeeded by his son, Abdul Jalilul Jabbar.

Uncertainties

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources.[4] The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "brunei5".
  2. ^ a b c d "Sejarah Sultan-Sultan Brunei" (PDF). Hmjubliemas.gov.bn. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b Nicholl, Robert (1990). European Sources for the History of the Sultanate of Brunei in the Sixteenth Century (second ed.). Brunei: Brunei Museum. p. 94-99.
  4. ^ "Brunei". 4dw.net. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
50th Anniversary Celebrations of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah's Accession to the Throne of Brunei

The Fiftieth Anniversary Celebrations of Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah's Accession to the Throne 2017 were the celebrations held throughout Brunei in October 2017 to celebrate the Sultan's Golden Jubilee; his 50th year on the Bruneian throne.

Abdul Hakkul Mubin

Sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin (also known as Abdul Mubin) was the thirteenth Sultan of Brunei. He was involved in the Brunei Civil War. He ruled from 1660 to 1673 after killing Sultan Muhammad Ali. He was later killed and succeeded by Sultan Muhyiddin.

Abdul Jalilul Jabbar

Abdul Jalilul Jabbar was the eleventh Sultan of Brunei. He ruled only for a year from 1659 to 1660. Later on, he was succeeded by his uncle Muhammad Ali.

== Uncertainties ==

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

Abdul Kahar

Abdul Kahar was the sixth Sultan of Brunei. He ruled from 1524 until stepping down from the throne in 1530 to allow his nephew and adopted-son Saiful Rijal to become Sultan .. When his son ascended to the throne, Abdul Kahar acted as Regent with the title Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan. After his demise in 1578, he was known as Marhum Keramat.

== Uncertainties ==

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

Abdul Momin

Abdul Momin (before 21 May 1788 – 30 May 1885) was the 24th Sultan of Brunei from 1852 until his death on 29 May 1885. He was the son-in-law of the previous Sultan, Omar Ali Saifuddin II.

Bolkiah

Bolkiah was the 5th Sultan of Brunei. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Sultan Sulaiman, and ruled Brunei from 1485 to 1524. His reign marked the Golden Age of Brunei and saw the Sultanate became the superpower of the Malay archipelago. Bolkiah frequently traveled abroad to gain new ideas for the development of the country, as well as seeking suggestions from his various chiefs. It is said that his name was kept by his father after the Ba'Alawi Sayyed clan Ba-Awalqhiyyah who had gained control over much of the Yemeni kingdom of Hadhramaut.

Family tree of the Bruneian monarchs

The following is a family tree of Malay monarchs of Brunei.

Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin

Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin ibni Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II was the 25th Sultan of Brunei from 30 May 1885 to 10 May 1906. Before he became the Sultan, he was one of the four Wazirs in Brunei and was known as Pengiran Temenggong Sahibul Bahar Pengiran Anak Hashim. He had acted as regent when Sultan Abdul Momin became old. At that time also, his elder brother, Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Muhammad Salleh had died.

House of Bolkiah

The House of Bolkiah is the ruling royal family of Brunei Darussalam. It is composed of the descendants of the 1st sultan Sultan Muhammad Shah and his family. The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei. He is also head of government in his capacity as Prime Minister.Since independence from the British in 1984, only one Sultan has reigned, though the royal institution dates back to the 14th century. The Sultan of Brunei can be thought of as synonymous with the ruling House of Bolkiah, with descendency being traced from the 1st sultan, temporarily interrupted by the 13th sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin who in turn was deposed by a member of the House of Bolkiah. It is not clear when the house became known as the 'House of Bolkiah', and whether it was named after the current sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, or the 5th sultan Bolkiah .

List of Sultans of Brunei

The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei. He is also head of government in his capacity as Prime Minister. Since independence from the British in 1984, only one Sultan has reigned, though the royal institution dates back to the 14th century.The Sultan of Brunei can be thought of as synonymous with the ruling House of Bolkiah, with generations being traced from the first sultan, temporarily interrupted by the 13th Sultan, Abdul Hakkul Mubin, who in turn was deposed by a member of the House of Bolkiah. The Sultan's full title is: His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.

Muhammad Ali (Brunei)

Muhammad Ali was the twelfth Sultan of Brunei. He ruled from 1660 until he was garroted by his successor Abdul Hakkul Mubin in 1661. His death led to the starting of the Brunei Civil War. After his demise, he was locally known as Marhum Tumbang Di Rumput. He was avenged by his son-in-law Muhyiddin who later became the fourteenth Sultan of Brunei.

== Uncertainties ==

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

Muhammad Hassan (Brunei)

Muhammad Hassan was the 9th Sultan of Brunei. He reigned from 1582 to 1598. His predecessor Shah Berunai was his older brother who died without an heir. He was succeeded by his eldest son Abdul Jalilul Akbar.

Muhammad Shah of Brunei

Muhammad Shah (born Awang Alak Betatar) established the Sultanate of Brunei and was its first sultan, possibly from 1368 to 1402. The genealogy of Muhammad Shah is unclear, and based on several historical sources and legends.

Muhyiddin of Brunei

Muhyiddin was the fourteenth sultan of Brunei. He ruled from 1673 to 1690 and was succeeded by Nasruddin. He took the throne during the Brunei Civil War to avenge the death of his father-in-law Muhammad Ali. He was widely remembered for being the Sultan who ordered the creation of Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei.

Omar Ali Saifuddin I

Omar Ali Saifuddin I (Jawi: I عمر علي سيف الدين; died 10 July 1795) was the 18th Sultan of Brunei from 1740 until his abdication in favor of his eldest son Muhammad Tajuddin in 1778. He succeeded his father in law, Sultan Hussin Kamaluddin as Sultan of Brunei upon the latter's abdication from the throne in 1740.

Omar Ali Saifuddin II

Omar Ali Saifuddien II was the 23rd Sultan of Brunei. During his reign, Western powers such as Great Britain and the United States of America visited Brunei. His reign saw the British intervention in Brunei led by James Brooke who started to destabilize Brunei's sovereignty over Sarawak.

Saiful Rijal

Saiful Rijal (also Saiful Rehal, Saiful Rizal) was the seventh Sultan of Brunei. He ruled from 1533, from the abdication of his uncle, until his death in 1581. During his reign, the Castille War broke out in 1578. He was succeeded by his eldest son Shah Berunai. The Sultan was also known as Lixar and Sultan Nula Alan by the Spaniards.

== Uncertainties ==

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

Shah Berunai

Shah Berunai was the eighth Sultan of Brunei who ruled only a year. He ascended the throne in 1581 on the death of his father Sultan Saiful Rijal. He died in 1582 without any male descendants and was succeeded by his younger brother Pengiran Muda Tengah Muhammad Hassan. During his reign he was concerned with the production of a cannon for the defense of Brunei from the attacks of the Spanish army, that was headquartered in Manila, as a consequence of the Castille War.

== Uncertainties ==

The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei's history. Many elder members of the House of Bolkiah claim that their ancestors were the BaHassan and BaAlawi Saadah from Tarim and Hadhramawt in Yemen. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807 CE.

Sultan Tengah

Sultan Ibrahim Ali Omar Shah or known as Sultan Tengah, (died in 1641), born with the title of Pengiran Raja Tengah (Middle Prince), was the first and only Sultan of Sarawak.

14th century
15th century
16th century
17th century
18th century
19th century
20th century

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.