Abdisho

Abdisho (Syriac: ʰbhedhišoʰ), a member of the Church of the East, was a deacon and martyr.

He was imprisoned with Bishop Heliodorus of Bet Zabdai in Mesopotamia by order of Shapur II. Following the deaths of bishop Dausa and 275 companions at Masabadan, Abdisho, who despite the stroke of the sword remained alive, continued to preach the gospel and bury the martyrs. He stayed at the place where all the martyrs were killed during thirty days. He prayed there and taught the other villagers how to save their souls through true faith. He was captured by the lord of the village and was held in chains for 4 days. All that time the lord tried to make him abandon his faith and stop teaching the others to be alive. Abdisho denied to obey and was sentenced to death by the mayor of the village in 345.[1]

Abdisho
Deacon and martyr
Born298
Diedca. 345
Masabadan
Venerated inChurch of the East

References

  1. ^ The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226-363): A Documentary History Retrieved on 13 Feb 2018

External links

  • Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co., 1924.
  • Michael H. Dodgeon; Samuel N. C. Lieu, eds. (1991). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226-363): A Documentary History. London and New York: Psychology Press. p. 218.

See also

Abda and Abdjesus

Abdisho (disambiguation)

Abdisho (Classical Syriac: ܥܒܕܝܫܘܥ‎, "servant of Jesus") may refer to:

Abdisho (298–c.345), deacon and martyr of the Christian church

Abda and Abdjesus, two Christian bishops who were martyred on May 16, in either 366 AD or 375 AD

Abdisho I, Patriarch of the Church of the East from 963-986

Abdisho III, Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1139 to 1148

Abdisho bar Berika (Ebed-Jesu) (d.1318), author of medieval catalogue of ancient Greek and Syriac writers

Abdisho IV Maron, second Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church, from 1555 to 1570

Abdisho V Khayat, or Mar Audishu V Khayyath, patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church from 1894-1899

Abdisho I

ʿAbdishoʿ I was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 963 to 986.

Abdisho II

ʿAbdishoʿ II ibn al-ʿArid was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1074 to 1090.

Abdisho III

ʿAbdishoʿ III bar Moqli was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1139 to 1148. He reconciled with the Syriac Orthodox in 1142.

Abdisho IV Maron

Mar Abdisho IV Maron (Classical Syriac: ܥܒܕܝܫܘܥ ܪܒܝܥܝܐ ܡܪܘܢ‎) was the second Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church, from 1555 to 1570.

Abdisho bar Berika

Abdisho bar Berika or Ebedjesu (Classical Syriac: ܥܒܕܝܝܫܘܥ ܕܨܘܒܐ‎) (died 1318), also known as Mar Odisho or St. Odisho in English, was a Syriac writer. He was born in Nusaybin.Abdisho was first bishop of Shiggar (Sinjar) and the province of Bet 'Arbaye (Arbayestan) around 1285 and from before 1291 metropolitan of Nisibis and Armenia. He was the author of the Marganitha, one of the most important ecclesiastical texts of the Assyrian Church of the East.

He wrote in Syriac biblical commentaries, polemical treatises against heresy as well as dogmatic and legal writings. He also wrote texts in metrical form including an author catalog, which has for the Syrian literary history an important role.

Adiabene (East Syriac ecclesiastical province)

Metropolitanate of Adiabene (Syriac: Hadyab ܚܕܝܐܒ‎) was an East Syriac metropolitan province of the Church of the East between the 5th and 14th centuries, with more than fifteen known suffragan dioceses at different periods in its history. Although the name Hadyab normally connoted the region around Erbil and Mosul in present-day Iraq, the boundaries of the East Syriac metropolitan province went well beyond the Erbil and Mosul districts. Its known suffragan dioceses included Beth Bgash (the Hakkari region of eastern Turkey) and Adarbaigan (the Ganzak district, to the southeast of Lake Urmi), well to the east of Adiabene proper.

Al-Muqtafi

Al-Muqtafi (1096 – 12 March 1160) (Arabic: المقتفي لأمر الله‎) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1136 to 1160. The continued disunion and contests between Seljuk Turks afforded al-Muqtafi opportunity of not only maintaining his authority in Baghdad, but also extending it throughout Iraq.

Al-Muqtafi was able to defend the capital from various attacks. But he was ill-advised enough to support the rebellion of a son of Seljuk Sultan of Hamadan, who in response marched against Baghdad and forced the caliph to take refuge in the eastern quarter, initiating the Seljuk siege of Baghdad 1157. Later the caliph was recalled by the sultan who needed him to quell a more serious rising in the East when Malik Shah took Hamadan. Al-Muqtafi again received favor by the Seljuk, who betrothed himself to one of his daughters.

During this caliphate, the Crusade was raging furiously, and Zengi, the Governor of Mosul and founder of Zengid dynasty, obtained high distinction as a brave and generous warrior. At one time hard pressed, Zengi made urgent appeal for help to Baghdad. The sultan and the caliph despatched 20,000 men in response. But in reality neither the Seljuks, nor the caliph, nor their amirs, had any enthusiasm in war against Crusaders.

Al-Muqtafi is praised by early Muslim historians as virtuous, able, and brave. During his caliphate of twenty-five years, he conducted many minor expeditions against enemies in the vicinity.

A charter of protection granted by al-Muqtafi in 1139 to the Nestorian patriarch ʿAbdishoʿ III was published in 1926 by the Assyrian scholar Alphonse Mingana.

Audishu V Khayyath

Mar Audishu V, (Ebed-Jesu V), Georges Khayyath † (or Abdisho V, Giwargis Hayyat) was the patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1894–1899. He was also a Chaldean language scholar.

He is remembered also as editor of the Mosul Edition of the Chaldean Peshitta. He wrote of a book with title "Romanorum Pontificum Primatus".

Diocese of Kashkar

Diocese of Kashkar, sometimes called Kaskar, was the senior diocese in the Church of the East's Province of the Patriarch. It see was in the city of Kashkar. The diocese is attested between the fourth and the twelfth centuries. The bishops of Kashkar had the privilege of guarding the patriarchal throne during the interregnum between the death of a patriarch and the appointment of his successor. As a result, they are often mentioned by name in the standard histories of the Nestorian patriarchs, so that a relatively full list of the bishops of the diocese has survived.

Dioceses of the Church of the East after 1552

After the schism of 1552 of the Church of the East, the secessions the Chaldean Catholic Church and the Assyrian Church of the East each had around twelve dioceses each by the end of the 19th century.

Keraites

The Keraites (also Kerait, Kereit, Khereid ; Mongolian: Хэрэйд) were one of the five dominant Turco-Mongol tribal confederations (khanates) in the Altai-Sayan region during the 12th century. They had converted to the Church of the East (Nestorianism) in the early 11th century and are one of the possible sources of the European Prester John legend.

Their original territory was expansive, corresponding to much of what is now Mongolia. Vasily Bartold (1913) located them along the upper Onon and Kherlen rivers and along the Tuul river. They were defeated by Genghis Khan in 1203 and became influential in the rise of the Mongol Empire, and were gradually absorbed into the succeeding Turco-Mongol khanates during the 13th century.

Makkikha I

Makkikha I was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1092 to 1110.

Mari (Nestorian patriarch)

Mari bar Toba was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 987 to 999.

Nisibis (East Syriac ecclesiastical province)

The Metropolitanate of Nisibis was an East Syriac metropolitan province of the Church of the East, between the fifth and seventeenth centuries. The ecclesiastical province of Nisibis (Syriac: Nisibin, ܢܨܝܒܝܢ, often abbreviated to Soba, ܨܘܒܐ) had a number of suffragan dioceses at different periods in its history, including Arzun, Beth Rahimaï, Beth Qardu (later renamed Tamanon), Beth Zabdaï, Qube d’Arzun, Balad, Shigar (Sinjar), Armenia, Beth Tabyathe and the Kartawaye, Harran and Callinicus (Raqqa), Maiperqat (with Amid and Mardin), Reshʿaïna, Qarta and Adarma, Qaimar and Hesna d'Kifa. Aoustan d'Arzun and Beth Moksaye were also suffragan dioceses in the fifth century.

Sabrisho III

Sabrishoʿ III Zanbur was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1064 to 1072.

Schism of 1552

The Schism of 1552 was an important event in the history of the Church of the East. It divided the church into two factions, of which one entered into communion with Rome becoming part of the Catholic Church at this time and the other remained independent until the 19th century. Although the Eliya line, which emerged as a result of this schism, did eventually enter into communion with Rome, various Spiritual Christian sects with their origins in the Church of the East emerged as a result of this schism. Ironically, the Shimon line whose entry into full communion with Rome caused this schism, in fact became independent again by the 17th century. The circumstances of the 1552 schism were controversial at the time and have been disputed ever since.

Timothy II (Nestorian patriarch)

Timothy II was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1318 to ca. 1332. He became leader of the church at a time of profound external stress due to loss of favor with the Mongol rulers of Persia.

Eleven bishops were present at Timothy's consecration in 1318: the metropolitans Joseph of ʿIlam, ʿAbdishoʿ of Nisibis and Shemʿon of Mosul, and the bishops Shemʿon of Beth Garmaï, Shemʿon of Tirhan, Shemʿon of Balad, Yohannan of Beth Waziq, Yohannan of Shigar, ʿAbdishoʿ of Hnitha, Isaac of Beth Daron and Ishoʿyahb of Tella and Barbelli (Marga). Timothy himself had been metropolitan of Erbil before his election as patriarch.One of Timothy's first acts as patriarch was to call a synod in February 1318 and to affirm the Nomocanon of Abdisho of Nisibis as a source of ecclesiastical law. The canons of this synod were the last to have been recorded in the Church of the East before the nineteenth century.Timothy wrote an important treatise on the sacraments of the Church, part of which has been translated into English.

Yahballaha V

Mar Yahballaha V was the third Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church, from 1578 to 1580.

According to Tfinkdji, he was ordained bishop of Gazireh in 1556 by Patriarch Abdisho IV Maron.

Tisserant says that problems posed by the traditionalist "Nestorians" and the Turkish authorities prevented until 1578 the election of a successor to Abdisho IV (1555−1570). Already old at the time of his election, Yahballaha V died in 1580 without having been able to seek confirmation from Rome.

Heleen Murre-Van den Berg argues that Yahballaha was elected in 1577 and died in 1579.

Both she and David Wilmshurst hold that, after the death of Abdisho IV, this Yahballaha, not yet formally elected as Patriarch, or another of the same name acted as patriarch or at least as administrator of the patriarchate.

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