Abbotsford, British Columbia

Abbotsford is a city located in British Columbia, adjacent to the Canada–United States border, Greater Vancouver and the Fraser River. With an estimated population of 141,397 people[2] it is the largest municipality in the province outside Metro Vancouver.[4] Abbotsford-Mission has the third highest proportion of visible minorities among census metropolitan areas in Canada, after the Greater Toronto Area and the Greater Vancouver CMA.[5] It is home to Tradex, the University of the Fraser Valley, and Abbotsford International Airport.

As of the 2016 census, it is the largest municipality of the Fraser Valley Regional District and the fifth-largest municipality of British Columbia. The Abbotsford–Mission metropolitan area of around 180,518 inhabitants as of the 2016 census is the 23rd largest census metropolitan area in Canada.[4] It has also been named by Statistics Canada as Canada's most generous city in terms of charitable donations for nine straight years.[6]

The community of 375.55 square kilometres (145.00 sq mi) is the largest city by area in British Columbia.[7] The municipality's southern boundary is the Canada–United States border. In Canada, it is bordered by the Township of Langley to the west, the District of Mission to the north, and the City of Chilliwack to the east. Much of Abbotsford has views of Mount Baker (to the southeast, in Washington) and the Coast Mountains (to the north).

Abbotsford
City of Abbotsford
Downtown Abbotsford and Central Business District
Downtown Abbotsford and Central Business District
Flag of Abbotsford

Flag
Nicknames: 
"Abby", City in the Country, Raspberry Capital of Canada
Motto(s): 
"Unus Cum Viribus Duorum"  (Latin)
"One with the strength of two"
Abbotsford is located in British Columbia
Abbotsford
Abbotsford
Location of Abbotsford in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°3′N 122°19′W / 49.050°N 122.317°WCoordinates: 49°3′N 122°19′W / 49.050°N 122.317°W
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
RegionFraser Valley, Lower Mainland
Regional districtFraser Valley
Established1892
Incorporated1945
Government
 • MayorHenry Braun[1]
 • MPsEd Fast (Conservative)
Jati Sidhu (Liberal)
 • MLA
Area
 • City375.55 km2 (145.00 sq mi)
Elevation
38 m (124 ft)
Population
 • City141,397
 • Density376.5/km2 (975/sq mi)
 • Metro
180,518
Demonym(s)Abbotsfordian
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)604, 778
Highways
Hwy 1 (TCH)
Hwy 1A
Hwy 11
Websitewww.abbotsford.ca

History

Abbotsford's colonial development began when the Royal Engineers surveyed the area in response to the gold rush along the Fraser River in 1858. This led to the building of Yale Road (today Old Yale Road), the first transportation route to link the Fraser Valley. The settlement grew and the production of butter, milk and tobacco began by the late 1860s. In 1889, former Royal Engineer John Cunningham Maclure applied for a Crown grant to obtain the 160 acres (0.65 km2) that would become Abbotsford.

There is some controversy over the origin of the Abbotsford name.[8] The most commonly cited origin is that Maclure named the land "Abbotsford" after family friend Henry Braithwaite Abbott, the western superintendent of the Canadian Pacific Railway.[9] Until 1922 the name was spelled Abottsford. Maclure's sons later stated that the property had actually been named for Sir Walter Scott's home, Abbotsford, and pronounced it with the accent on ford,[10] while in his later years Maclure himself claimed that the naming had been "a combination of two ideas".[8]

The title passed hands to Robert Ward, who filed a townsite subdivision on July 9, 1891. Also in 1891, the CPR built a railway line through the area that connected Mission with the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway at Sumas, Washington. This route was the only rail connection between Vancouver and Seattle until 1904. The Village of Abbotsford was incorporated in 1892. At that time Robert Ward sold many of the lots to private investors, but also sold off a significant portion to the Great Northern Railway's subsidiary company the Vancouver, Victoria and Eastern Railway. The British Columbia Electric Railway (BCER) arrived in 1910. The Interurban, as the BCER tram linking Abbotsford with Vancouver and Chilliwack was called, was discontinued in 1950, but BCER's successor BC Hydro retains the right to re-introduce passenger rail service. Service to Vancouver runs from neighbouring Mission by way of the West Coast Express.

The most notable natural disaster to hit Abbotsford was a major flood of the Fraser River in 1948.

In September 1984 Pope John Paul II held an open-air mass for over 200,000 people at the Abbotsford International Airport.[11]

The amalgamation of the Village of Abbotsford and the District of Sumas into the District of Abbotsford occurred in 1972. The District of Abbotsford amalgamated with the District of Matsqui in 1995 to become the City of Abbotsford, raising the population significantly.

In June 2013, the City of Abbotsford spread chicken manure on a homeless camp located in the city.[12] Abbotsford Mayor Bruce Banman publicly apologized for the incident.[13] A lawsuit was launched on behalf of some of the homeless, stating that a bylaw which prevents overnight camping in Abbotsford parks is against their right to shelter. The city has formed a homelessness action plan, and has approved a proposal for a supportive housing facility.[14]

The city of Abbotsford has a long and ongoing history of gang-related crime (Particularly the illegal sale of controlled substances and violence.) and efforts to reduce it.[15][16][17][18]

Government

HPIM0946 edited
Abbotsford City Hall

Abbotsford City Council comprises a council-manager form of local government. The mayor and council were elected on November 15, 2014. The mayor is Henry Braun (50.91% of the popular vote). Councillors elected in 2014 were: Patricia Ross (7.97%), Les Barkman (6.42%), Moe Gill (6.15%), Ross Siemens (6.04%), Brenda Falk (5.72%), Dave Loewen (5.59%), Kelley Chahal (5.21%), and Sandy Blue (5.16%). School trustees elected are: Cindy Schafer (9.72%), Stan Petersen (9.39%), Shirley Wilson (9.04%), Rhonda Pauls (8.89%), Preet S. Rai (8.74%), Freddy Latham (8.29%), and Phil Anderson (7.55%).[19][20]

The Abbotsford flag and coat of arms are the same, featuring straight, diagonal crosses representing Abbotsford as at a "crossroads". At the centre is a strawberry blossom to symbolize the local berry industry. The flag of Abbotsford was originally blue in colour. The change to green was initiated in 1995 when the District of Abbotsford and the District of Matsqui amalgamated to create the City of Abbotsford.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1931 510—    
1941 562+10.2%
1951 785+39.7%
1956 830+5.7%
1961 888+7.0%
1966 792−10.8%
1971 706−10.9%
1976 9,507+1246.6%
1981 12,745+34.1%
1986 14,496+13.7%
1991 18,864+30.1%
1996 105,403+458.8%
2001 115,463+9.5%
2006 123,864+7.3%
2011 133,497+7.8%
2016 141,397+5.9%
Sources: Statistics Canada[21][22][23]

Languages

According to the 2011 Census, 65.74% of Abbotsford's population have English as mother tongue; Punjabi is the mother tongue of 18.71% of the population, followed by German (4.32%), Dutch (1.12%), Korean (1.00%), French (0.83%), Spanish (0.74%), Vietnamese (0.47%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.45%), and Tagalog (0.44%).[24]

Mother tongue Population(2011) Percentage
English 86,660 65.74%
Punjabi 24,660 18.71%
German 5,695 4.32%
Dutch 1,480 1.12%
Korean 1,315 1.00%
French 1,095 0.83%
Spanish 980 0.74%
Vietnamese 620 0.47%
Chinese, n.o.s. 595 0.45%
Tagalog (Filipino) 585 0.44%

Visible Minorities

Canada 2016 Census Population % of total population
Visible minority group
Source:[25]
South Asian 35,310 25.5%
Chinese 2,290 1.7%
Black 1,415 1%
Filipino 1,570 1.1%
Latin American 1,120 0.8%
Arab 340 0.2%
Southeast Asian 1,540 1.1%
West Asian 215 0.2%
Korean 1,340 1%
Japanese 515 0.4%
Other visible minority 230 0.2%
Mixed visible minority 755 0.5%
Total visible minority population 46,635 33.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[26]
First Nations 3,180 2.3%
Métis 3,100 2.2%
Inuit 20 0%
Total Aboriginal population 6,595 4.8%
European Canadian 85,325 61.6%
Total population 138,555 100%

Ethnic South Asians

The Abbotsford metropolitan area has Canada's highest proportion of ethnic South Asians.[27] In 2016, the City of Abbotsford had 35,310 South Asians, while the Abbotsford CMA had 38,250. Indo-Canadians in Abbotsford have worked in berry farms and in area businesses. Members of the ethnic group first arrived in the 1920s.[28]

Ethnic Origin (Abbotsford CMA)

Abbotsford has the third highest proportion of visible minorities among Census Metropolitan Areas in Canada, after the Greater Toronto Area and Greater Vancouver.[5]

The largest ethnic group is European, comprising approximately 64% of the population. This group includes German, Dutch, British, Irish, Scandinavian and Slavic ethnic origins.[29] The next largest ethnic group in Abbotsford is South Asian (countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka) comprising 21.7% of the population. This is followed by Aboriginals at 6.2% of the population (which includes indigenous peoples from other parts of Canada and the United States) and Chinese at 1.4%.

More than a quarter (26.1%) of the city's population was born outside Canada. Of that percentage, a majority is from South Asia, followed by groups from China, South Korea, Southeast Asia and Latin America. English is the primary language spoken, with 78.7% of the population having it as their first language.

Ethnic groups in Abbotsford CMA (2016)
Source: [2]
Population %
Ethnic group European 112,845 64%
South Asian 38,250 21.7%
Aboriginal 10,875 6.2%
Chinese 2,515 1.4%
Filipino 1,810 1%
Southeast Asian 1,715 1%
Black 1,670 0.9%
Korean 1,515 0.9%
Latin American 1,430 0.8%
Japanese 630 0.4%
Arab 375 0.2%
West Asian 230 0.1%
Multiple minorities 810 0.5%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 270 0.2%
Total population 176,330 100%
Footnotes to ethnic Origin by regional grouping
1Census Canada does not distinguish between European and North American French origins. This category includes Acadians; Québécois-only (not multiple responses) are in North American origins.
2Métis, First Nations, Inuit, Native Americans, Alaska Natives
3American, Canadian, Québécois, Newfoundlander, does not include aboriginal peoples
4Including aboriginal people of South and Central America
5Germany, Austria, Benelux, Switzerland
6Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Iceland
7Slavic and Baltic countries, plus Romania, Hungary and Albania
8Roma (Gypsy), Jewish, Basque, misc. Slav
9Excluding Arab countries of the Maghreb, including Afrikaners and other white South Africans
10Including the Maghreb/North Africa
11Afghan, Iranian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkish, Georgian, Armenian
12Pacific Islands, Australia, New Zealand

Religion

The majority of Abbotsford's population is Christian, with 61.4% of the population. The Lutheran and Anabaptist (Mennonite Brethren and Mennonite Church) denominations make up the largest congregations. The next largest religious group is Sikh, comprising 13.4% of the population. The city contains the first Sikh Gurdwara built in Canada (in 1911), and the oldest in North America. A National Historic Site, located in the Clearbrook neighbourhood, it is now over 100 years old.

Climate

Abbotsford has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate type Cfb), with just enough summer precipitation not to be classified as warm-summer mediterranean.

Economy

Farmhouse and barn in Abbotsford, BC
Farmhouse and barn in Abbotsford, BC

Some 62% of residents in Abbotsford work in the City of Abbotsford itself. Most of the remaining 38% commute to Mission, Chilliwack or Vancouver and its suburbs (primarily Surrey and Langley).[34] More than 25% of Abbotsford's work force commutes to Abbotsford from other municipalities.[34]

The Conference Board of Canada has identified the local economy as one of the most diverse in the country.[35] Abbotsford's main industries are agriculture, transportation, manufacturing and retail. The city earns the highest dollar per acre of agricultural land in the country, greater than the Niagara Region and the North Okanagan.[35]

Abbotsford Regional Hospital and Cancer Centre and community health services make Fraser Health the city's largest employer with about 2,500 staff.[36] The city is also home to three federal prisons, each of which employs between 200 and 500 officers and support staff. There is also a growing aerospace industry led by Cascade Aerospace and Conair Group Inc.

Local and privately owned confectionery company Brookside Foods was acquired by The Hershey Company in 2011.[37] In 2016, it announced it would be closing.[38]

Education

Forty-six public elementary, middle, and secondary schools are administered by the Abbotsford School District.[39] This includes a virtual school called the "Abbotsford Virtual School" that offers more than 30 semestered online courses. This school offers a unique animation and modeling program that teaches students aspects of the video game industry.

Private schools include St. John Brebeuf Regional Secondary, Mennonite Educational Institute, Abbotsford Christian School and the Dasmesh Punjabi School

Post-secondary institutions in the city include the University of the Fraser Valley, religious institutions such as Columbia Bible College and Summit Pacific College, as well as career colleges such as Career Gate Community College, Sprott Shaw College, Vancouver Career College, Métis Skills and Employment Centre, and CDI College.

Arts, culture and heritage

The Abbotsford Arts Council hosts a number of free local events including music in Mill Lake Park, the Arty Awards and more recently, the Christmas Artisan Gift Fair. It has been involved in projects such as the Abbotsford "Unity Statue", Abbotsford Christmas Craft Fair, Art in the Park, Abbotsford's Art and Heritage Unity Festival, and the Historical Downtown Art Bench Project. As well as maintaining the Kariton Art Gallery which features and hosts exhibitions from local artists of all mediums residing in the Lower Mainland.

The Reach Gallery Museum features exhibitions from across Canada and around the world, as well as the work of local artists. It houses a heritage archive, runs special events, programs and courses and seeks to promote local arts and culture.

Trethewey House Heritage Site features a restored 1920s Craftsman-style house built by J.O. Trethewey, one of the owners of the lumber and shingle mill that gave Mill Lake Park its name. The municipally designated heritage house and adjacent gallery are open to the public for special events, educational programming, and drop-in tours.

Gallery 7 Theatre and Performing Arts has been one of Abbotsford only performing arts organizations since 1991 and operates out of Mennonite Educational Institute. They produce four mainstage productions every year.

Transportation

Public bus transportation is provided by the Central Fraser Valley Transit System. Passenger rail service to Vancouver currently runs from nearby Mission by way of the West Coast Express.

Air links are provided by the Abbotsford International Airport. WestJet provides regular scheduled service from the airport, due to its proximity to Vancouver's eastern suburbs. The airport is also the home of the annual Abbotsford International Airshow.

Major transportation routes leading into Abbotsford are the Trans-Canada Highway (No. 1), the Abbotsford-Mission Highway (No.11) and the Fraser Highway (No. 1A). Access to the United States is via the Abbotsford-Huntingdon/Sumas[40][41] border crossing.

Media

History

Due to its proximity to Vancouver, most Vancouver television and radio stations are also available throughout the Fraser Valley, although in a few cases there are repeater stations licensed to different centres in the region. Some stations from Washington State are also available in the Fraser Valley due to its proximity to the border. The first radio station in the Fraser Valley was CHWK Chilliwack established in 1927, the company established CFVR in Abbotsford in 1962. Initially the station originated local programming in the morning and then repeated the Chilliwack broadcasts the rest of the day.[42]

Radio

  • Country 107.1, part of Rogers Digital Media, serves the Fraser Valley with "Today's Best Country".[43]

Print

  • The Abbotsford News[44]
  • The Abbotsford Times (ceased publication in December 2013)
  • The Punjabi Patrika

Online

  • Abbotsford Today.[45]

Sports

From 2009 until 2014, Abbotsford hosted the NHL's Calgary Flames' AHL affiliate, the Abbotsford Heat.[46][47][48][49] Home games were played at the Abbotsford Entertainment & Sports Centre.

Beginning in late 2012, the BC Angels of the Legends Football League's LFL Canada division began play at the Abbotsford Entertainment & Sports Centre.[50]

Abbotsford's Jane and Gerry Swan Track at Rotary Stadium is home to the Valley Royals Track & Field Club, who have produced numerous Olympians including two for the 2008 Olympics. Rotary Stadium was also home to the now-defunct Canadian Junior Football League's Abbotsford Air Force.

The Abbotsford Pilots of the Pacific International Junior Hockey League (junior B level) play at MSA Arena, which is Abbotsford's second largest arena at just over 400 seats. Abbotsford was considered as a possible home for the Chilliwack Chiefs (junior A), who were forced to move in 2006 when the Chilliwack Bruins (a WHL expansion team) took over their arena, Prospera Centre. Abbotsford would have become the home of the Chiefs if the city had supported them in building a new arena; instead, the Chiefs moved to Langley. Construction has now been completed in Abbotsford on a far bigger sports and entertainment centre (with 7,500 seats).[51]

Abbotsford Minor Hockey is one of the largest associations in British Columbia with more than 1000 players registered from the ages of 5 through 18 years old. This association is recognized by many as a model and a leader in the development of minor hockey programs, and several Abbotsford-raised players have gone on to the highest levels of this sport. In the 2005–2006 hockey season, Abbotsford's bantam AAA team were ultimately the Western Canadian Bantam Champions, and eight individual players from this team (the most ever) were selected in the 2006 WHL Bantam Draft.

Abbotsford has a superior youth soccer program, winning two national titles, and numerous provincial titles. It is also home of soccer all-stars Sophie Schmidt, Brad Petoom and Adam Lang. Abbotsford is home to the Abbotsford Mariners of the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League, the highest level of amateur soccer in North America.

Abbotsford is home to many high school sports, with Abbotsford Collegiate, W.J. Mouat Secondary, Rick Hansen Secondary, Robert Bateman Secondary, St. John Brebeuf Secondary, Yale Secondary, and the Mennonite Educational Institute, among others, doing very well in track and field, volleyball, basketball, and football. These schools have consistently ranked among the highest in the province. The Yale Secondary senior boys basketball team, under Coach Al Friesen, won the 2008 'AAA' provincial boys' basketball championship.[52]

Abbotsford's rugby club supports three men's teams, two women's teams, U19 men's and women's, U15 U16 and U17 men's, and a great mini rugby program. Many of Abbotsford's players have gone on to play for Canada, such as Erin Lockwood, Ryan McWhinney, Scott Hunter and Brodie Henderson.[53]

In Olympic sports, Abbotsford's Alana Kraus has won medals in short-track speed skating.

Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Abbotsford Heat
AHL
Ice hockey Abbotsford Entertainment & Sports Centre
2009
0
BC Angels
LFL Canada
Arena football Abbotsford Entertainment & Sports Centre
2012
0
Abbotsford Pilots
PIJHL
Ice hockey MSA Arena
1987
3
Abbotsford Mariners
USL
Soccer Bateman Park
2003
0
Abbotsford RFC
FVRU
Rugby CFV Exhibition Park
1972
0

Crime

In 2005, the Abbotsford–Mission metropolitan area had the highest property crime rate and the second highest violent crime rate for cities with a population of 100,000 to 500,000 in Canada.[54]

The metropolitan area had the highest rate of homicides nationally for two years running (2008 and 2009) with a rate of 5.22 homicides per 100,000 population, compared with the national average of 1.81.[55][56] In 2010, the rate was 2.3.[57]

The City of Abbotsford has its own municipal police force, one of eleven municipal police forces in British Columbia. It is the third largest municipal police force in British Columbia (behind Vancouver and Victoria). As of 2006, the Abbotsford Police Department employed nearly 200 officers and 80 civilian employees.

The Abbotsford Police Department was officially formed in 1995 when the District of Matsqui and the District of Abbotsford amalgamated to become the City of Abbotsford. Prior to the amalgamation, the District of Matsqui was patrolled by the Matsqui police and the District of Abbotsford by the RCMP. During the referendum citizens elected to keep a municipal police force.

Cityscape

East Abbotsford looking towards Mission
Private residences near Upper Ten Oaks in eastern Abbotsford looking north-by-northwest towards Mission, BC

These places represent parts of the city that have more than one neighbourhood in them.

  • Abbotsford East
  • Abbotsford West
  • Aberdeen
  • Bradner
  • Central Abbotsford
  • Matsqui
  • Poplar
  • Sumas Mountain
  • Sumas Prairie

Neighbourhoods

Sister cities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "City of Abbotsford - City Council". www.abbotsford.ca.
  2. ^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  3. ^ Census Profile, 2016 Census - Abbotsford - Mission [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]
  4. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data". 2.statcan.ca. January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  5. ^ a b c "B.C. is nation's most ethnically diverse province: StatsCan". CBC News. April 2, 2008.
  6. ^ "2011: The year in review in Abbotsford". Abbotsford News. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  7. ^ List of the 100 largest cities and towns in Canada by area
  8. ^ a b Thorburn, Mark (2009). British Columbia Place Names. Dragon Hill Publishing Ltd. p. 336. ISBN 978-1-896124-46-9.
  9. ^ WS Crocket 1905 Abbotsford Adam and Black London History of Abbotsford. M.S.A. Museum
  10. ^ WS Crockett 1905 Abbotsford Adam and Black London
  11. ^ "Abbotsford Airport - Airport History". abbotsfordairport.ca.
  12. ^ Jackson, Emily (November 26, 2013). "Homeless Residents to Sue Abbotsford for Chicken Manure Incident". Metro Vancouver.
  13. ^ Woo, Andrea (July 24, 2013). "Homeless group set to sue Abbotsford for harassment". The Globe and Mail.
  14. ^ Hellinger, Mike (June 5, 2015). "Abbotsford Protest to Mark Anniversary of "Chicken Manure Incident"". Star 98.3.
  15. ^ "'It is not safe': Abbotsford Police issue public warning over gang violence - BC | Globalnews.ca". globalnews.ca. 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  16. ^ "Gangs, drugs and homelessness among key city issues, says police chief". Abbotsford News. 2017-10-25. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  17. ^ Aug 19, Daniel Schwartz · CBC News · Posted:; August 19, 2011 6:57 AM PT | Last Updated:; 2011. "Notorious gangs of British Columbia | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  18. ^ "Gang Busters: Abbotsford Police gang crime unit tackles the issues". Abbotsford News. 2018-10-26. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  19. ^ Staff (November 16, 2014). "Abbotsford election results 2014: Full results". Global News.
  20. ^ "City of Abbotsford - Oops, please update your bookmarks!" (PDF). abbotsford.ca.
  21. ^ "British Columbia – Municipal Census Populations (1921–2011)". BC Stats. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  22. ^ In 1976, the amalgamation with the District of Sumas raised the population. Previous figures were for the square mile of Abbotsford only.
  23. ^ In 1995, the amalgamation with the District of Matsqui raised the population.
  24. ^ Census Profile Abbotsford, CY British Columbia http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5909052&Geo2=PR&Code2=01&Data=Count&SearchText=Abbotsford&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
  25. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  26. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  27. ^ "CENTRE FOR INDO-CANADIAN STUDIES AND RESEARCH at University College of the Fraser Valley" (Archive). University College of the Fraser Valley. p. 3 (PDF p. 4/14). Retrieved on October 20, 2014.
  28. ^ "City of Abbotsford" (Archive). Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Retrieved on October 19, 2014.
  29. ^ "Profile of Ethnic Origin and Visible Minorities for Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census, Census Canada/Statistics Canada". 2.statcan.ca. December 6, 2010. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  30. ^ "Profile of Ethnic Origin and Visible Minorities for Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census". 2.statcan.ca. June 10, 2008. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  31. ^ "Abbotsford A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  32. ^ "ABBOTSFORD A". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
  33. ^ "Daily Data Report for November 2016". Environment Canada. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  34. ^ a b Joe Millican For the commute the car is king. Abbotsford News. April 17, 2009
  35. ^ a b [1]
  36. ^ "City of Abbotsford Top Employers - 2008" (PDF). City of Abbotsford. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  37. ^ "Hershey Reaches an Agreement to Acquire Brookside Foods Ltd". businesswire.com. December 8, 2011.
  38. ^ "Hershey to close Brookside Abbotsford factory with loss of 180 jobs".
  39. ^ "Abbotsford School District - Respect. Opportunity. Innovation". sd34.bc.ca.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ http://www.cbp.gov/contact/ports/sumas
  42. ^ ""The CFVR Story" as told in an internal publication on the occasion of CFVR's 25th anniversary". Van Radio Museum. 1987. Retrieved 2016-11-24.
  43. ^ "Country 107.1". Country 107.1. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  44. ^ "Abbotsford News - Abbotsford News". www.abbynews.com. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  45. ^ "Abbotsford Today". Today Media Group. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  46. ^ Hall, Vicki (March 12, 2009). "Flames' farm team set to move to Abbotsford". Vancouver Province. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
  47. ^ theahl.com, Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  48. ^ "The HEAT is on for 2009–10 AHL season" (PDF). Fraser Valley Sports & Entertainment Ltd. May 14, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 11, 2011. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
  49. ^ "Abbotsford Heat leave city with $12M in losses". cbc.ca. April 15, 2014.
  50. ^ "LFL Canada Releases BC Team Name & Logo". www.lfl360.com. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
  51. ^ "Abbotsford sports website". Sporttowncanada.com. Archived from the original on August 27, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  52. ^ 2008 AAA Boys Provincials Archived July 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  53. ^ "ARFC - Abbotsford Rugby Football Club". abbotsfordrugby.com.
  54. ^ Vancouver, The (July 21, 2006). "Abbotsford is Canada's theft capital". Canada.com. Archived from the original on July 21, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  55. ^ "Homicides by census metropolitan area". Statcan.gc.ca. October 26, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  56. ^ "Homicides by province and territory". Statcan.gc.ca. October 26, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  57. ^ "B.C. city officially ditches murder capital moniker". Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  58. ^ 深川市役所. "北海道深川市| 姉妹都市カナダ・アボツフォード市". 北海道深川市.

External links

Abbotsford-Mission

Abbotsford-Mission is a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada established by the Electoral Districts Act, 2008. It came into effect upon the dissolution of the 38th BC Parliament in April 2009, and was first contested in the ensuing election.

Abbotsford City Council

Abbotsford City Council is the governing body for the City of Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada.

The council consist of the mayor and eight elected city councillors representing the city as a whole

Municipal elections are held every four years across the Province on the third Saturday of November.

Abbotsford Flyers

The Abbotsford Flyers were a Junior "A" ice hockey team from Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. They were a part of the British Columbia Hockey League and played in the Coastal Conference.

Abbotsford Heat

The Abbotsford Heat were a professional ice hockey team that played five seasons in the American Hockey League (AHL) between 2009 and 2014. The team was based in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada, and played its home games at the 7,046-seat Abbotsford Entertainment & Sports Centre. The franchise was the National Hockey League (NHL) affiliate of the Calgary Flames and arrived in Abbotsford in 2009 as a relocated franchise formerly known as the Quad City Flames. The team played five seasons in British Columbia before the Flames' lease agreement with the City of Abbotsford was terminated following the 2013–14 season.

On May 5, 2014, the AHL's Board of Governors approved the relocation of the franchise to Glens Falls, New York where the Adirondack Flames replaced the Adirondack Phantoms who had moved to Allentown, Pennsylvania.

Abbotsford Police Department

The Abbotsford Police Department is the police force for the City of Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. The force was established in 1955 as the Matsqui Police Department and was renamed the Abbotsford Police Department when Matsqui and Abbotsford amalgamated in 1995 to become the City of Abbotsford. The mission of the Abbotsford Police Department is to make Abbotsford the safest city in British Columbia.

The force is divided into six branches: patrol, criminal investigation, finance and budget, human resources, operations support, and support services. The chief constable is Bob Rich, former deputy chief of the Vancouver Police Department. Two-hundred sixteen sworn officers, eighty-four civilians and over one hundred volunteers work for the organization, according to the police board and 2011 Abbotsford Police Department Compstat reports.

Abbotsford South

Abbotsford South is a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada established by the Electoral Districts Act, 2008. It came into effect in the B.C. General Election 2009.

Abbotsford West

Abbotsford West is a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada established by the Electoral Districts Act, 2008. It will came into effect in 2009, and was first be contested in the British Columbia general election, 2009.

BCWest Air

BCWest Air was a small airline based in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. Its routes were from the mainland to Vancouver Island since September 2007, but ended in October 2008 due to unresolved shareholder dispute.

CKQC-FM

CKQC-FM is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 107.1 FM in Abbotsford, British Columbia. Owned by Rogers Communications, the station airs a country music format branded as Country 107.1.

Columbia Bible College

Columbia Bible College (CBC) is an institution of higher education in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. The college states that its mission is to "equip people for a life of discipleship, ministry and leadership in service to the church and community". Theologically, Columbia Bible College is evangelical Anabaptist and is operated by two regional Mennonite conferences, British Columbia Mennonite Brethren and Mennonite Church British Columbia. Columbia is accredited by the international Association for Biblical Higher Education (ABHE), and is registered with the British Columbia Private Career Training Institution Association (PCTIA). The musical group Close Talker was formed out of Columbia.

Dean Joanisse

Dean A. "Skippy" Joanisse (born December 8, 1971) is a Canadian curler from Abbotsford, British Columbia.

Island Express Air

Island Express Air is a small Canadian airline based in Abbotsford, British Columbia. Its first flight was on August 7, 2009 as part of the Abbotsford International Airshow. It runs scheduled air service between the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island, as well as charter flights and cargo service. On February 23, 2018, one of their B100 King Air's crashed at Abbotsford Airport (CYXX) immediately after take-off in blizzard conditions. As a result of this accident, and due to public safety concerns, Transport Canada suspended Island Express' Air Operating Certificate (AOC) shortly thereafter, on February 28th, 2018. However, following a robust review of the company's safety procedures the operating certificate was reinstated on June 26th, 2018.As of August 2nd, 2018 Island Express Air has been acquired and wholelly managed by Shorebird Enterprises.

Jacob Hoggard

Jacob William Hoggard (born 9 July 1984) is a Canadian singer and songwriter, best known as the lead singer of the pop-rock band Hedley. Before Hedley was formed, Hoggard competed on the second season of Canadian Idol, in 2004; he placed third.

List of tallest buildings in Abbotsford, British Columbia

None of Abbotsford's tallest buildings are among the tallest in Canada, but are generally taller than the tallest buildings in the nearby cities of Chilliwack, Richmond and White Rock, though Surrey, Coquitlam, Burnaby and Vancouver all have taller buildings. This may partly be explained by the fact that Abbotsford is close to Metro Vancouver but is a metropolitan area in its own right. This has spurred highrise development and the city continues to build and propose towers going even higher, prompting the creation of this list.

Abbotsford has always been a city of low-rise construction. In Abbotsford, there are 8 buildings that stand taller than 50 m (164 ft). The tallest building in the city is the 5-storey, 75 m (246 ft) Mill Tower. The tallest modern, residential building in the city is Garden Park Towers, standing at 57 m (187 ft) tall with 17 storeys.As of 2011, the city has 2 structures under proposal. If completed, Mahogany Tower at 80 m (262 ft) will be the tallest building on mainland British Columbia outside Metro Vancouver.

Matsqui First Nation

The Matsqui First Nation is the band government of the Matsqui people, a Sto:lo Aboriginal group located in the Central Fraser Valley region, at Matsqui, in the northern part of Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. They are a member government of the Sto:lo Nation tribal council.

Rob Lazeo

Robert "Rob" Lazeo (born March 23, 1973 in Abbotsford, British Columbia) is a retired professional Canadian football offensive lineman who spent 14 seasons playing in the Canadian Football League. He spent the last four years of his career with the Calgary Stampeders where he won the 96th Grey Cup in the Stampeders' 2008 season. He also played for the Saskatchewan Roughriders and the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.

School District 34 Abbotsford

Abbotsford School District is a school district in the Fraser Valley of British Columbia. The district is located in the city of Abbotsford.

It has seen steady growth as a result of Abbotsford's place as one of the fastest growing cities in North America.

Simon Gibson

Simon Gibson (born 1949 or 1950) is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in the 2013 provincial election. He represents the electoral district of Abbotsford-Mission as a member of the British Columbia Liberal Party.

Prior to his election, Gibson was a member for more than 30 years, of Abbotsford City Council.

Sumas First Nation

The Sumas First Nation (Halkomelem: Sema:th Sumalh or Sumas Indian Band is a band government of the Sto:lo people located in the Upper Fraser Valley region, at the community of Kilgard a.k.a. Upper Sumas, part of Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. They are a member government of the Sto:lo Nation tribal council.

Before 1962 they were known as Sumas (Kilgard). Other previous names include: Nicomen Slough, Somass River, Sumas Tribe.

Their reserve land area covers 245.3 hectares and has a population of 332.

Ethnic origin[30] Population (2006) Percent of 156,640* Comments
Cornish 10 0.01%
English 42,190 26.93%
Irish 21,430 13.68%
Manx 40 0.03%
Scottish 28,695 18.32%
Welsh 3,665 2.34%
misc. British Isles, n.i.e.** 2,265 1.45%
Acadian 55 0.04%
French 13,725 8.76%
Inuit 50 0.03%
Métis 2,670 1.70%
North American Indian 5,335 3.41% incl. First Nations, Native Americans and Alaska Natives
American 2,320 1.48%
Canadian 30,415 19.42%
Newfoundlander 65 0.04%
Québécois 55 0.04%
Barbadian 15 0.01%
Carib 15 0.01%
Guyanese 20 0.01%
Haitian 135 0.09%
Jamaican 305 0.19%
Kittitian/Nevisian 10 0.01%
Puerto Rican 15 0.01%
St. Lucian 10 0.01%
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 95 0.06%
Vincentian/Grenadinian 15 0.01%
West Indian 35 0.02%
Caribbean, n.i.e.** 15 0.01%
Aboriginal from Central/South America 40 0.03%
Argentinian 35 0.02%
Belizian 20 0.01%
Brazilian 130 0.08%
Chilean 110 0.07%
Colombian 150 0.10%
Costa Rican 55 0.04%
Ecuadorian 10 0.01%
Guatemalan 85 0.05%
Hispanic 10 0.01%
Honduran 25 0.02%
Maya 30 0.02%
Mexican 475 0.30%
Nicaraguan 35 0.02%
Panamanian 10 0.01%
Paraguayan 195 0.10%
Peruvian 10 0.01%
Salvadoran 540 0.35%
Venezuelan 65 0.04%
Misc. Latin, Central or South American, n.i.e.** 160 0.01%
Austrian 1,500 1.00%
Belgian 620 0.40%
Dutch (Netherlands) 16,645 10.63% % not incl. Frisians or Flemish
Flemish 110 0.07%
Frisian 160 0.10%
German 32,580 20.80%
Swiss 1,215 0.78%
Finnish 1,210 0.77%
Danish 1,950 1.24%
Icelandic 930 0.59%
Norwegian 4,715 3.01%
Swedish 4,240 2.71%
Misc. Scandinavian, n.i.e.** 310 0.20% may include Sami and Kven
Estonian 175 0.11%
Latvian 40 0.03%
Lithuanian 130 0.08%
Belarusian 70 0.05%
Czech 590 0.38%
Czechoslovakian 230 0.15%
Slovak 190 0.12%
Hungarian (Magyar) 2,150 1.37%
Polish 4,940 3.15%
Romanian 1,065 0.68%
Russian 7,420 4.73%
Ukrainian 8,090 5.16%
Albanian 135 0.09%
Bosnian 10 0.01%
Bulgarian 60 0.04%
Croatian 245 0.16%
Greek 655 0.42%
Italian 3,675 2.35%
Kosovar 25 0.02%
Macedonian 45 0.03%
Maltese 55 0.04%
Portuguese 745 0.48%
Serbian 100 0.08%
Sicilian 10 0.01%
Slovenian 125 0.08%
Spanish 1,600 1.02%
Yugoslav, n.i.e.** 290 0.19%
Basque 10 0.01%
Gypsy (Roma) 35 0.02%
Misc. Slav (European) 40 0.03%
Ethnic groups in Europe, n.i.e.** 260 0.17%
Afrikaner 25 0.02%
Bantu 10 0.01%
Black 140 0.09%
Congolese (Zairian) 20 0.01%
Congolese, n.o.s.*** 15 0.01%
Dinka 40 0.03%
Ethiopian 10 0.01%
Ghanaian 50 0.03%
Kenyan 35 0.02%
Mauritian 20 0.01%
Nigerian 50 0.03%
South African 415 0.26%
Sudanese 20 0.01%
Tanzanian 15 0.01%
Misc. African, n.i.e.** 130 0.08%
Egyptian 25 0.02%
Iraqi 15 0.01%
Lebanese 85 0.05%
Maghrebi origins 10 0.01%
Palestinian 65 0.04%
Syrian 50 0.03%
Misc. Arab, n.i.e. 75 0.05%
Afghan 50 0.03%
Iranian 185 0.12%
Israeli 15 0.01%
Kurdish 35 0.02%
Tatar 10 0.01%
Turkish 120 0.08%
Indian 23,445 16.47%
Goan 15 0.01%
Nepali 45 0.03%
Pakistani 195 0.12%
Punjabi 2,040 1.30%
Sri Lankan 50 0.03%
Tamil 10 0.01%
Misc. South Asian, n.i.e.** 820 0.52%
Cambodian 50 0.03%
Chinese 2,585 1.65%
Filipino 740 0.47%
Indonesian 205 0.13%
Japanese 890 0.57%
Korean 1,665 1.06%
Laotian 240 0.15%
Malaysian 50 0.03%
Taiwanese 75 0.05%
Thai 100 0.06%
Vietnamese 1,150 0.73%
East or Southeast Asian, n.i.e.** 85 0.05%
Australian 265 0.17%
New Zealander 145 0.09%
Fijian 100 0.06%
Hawaiian 50 0.03%
Samoan 10 0.01%
*Percentages total more than 100% due to multiple responses e.g. German-East Indian, Norwegian-Irish-Polish
**Not included elsewhere
***Not otherwise specified
Ethnic origin by regional grouping[5] Population Percent of 156,640
British Isles origins 65,495 41.81%
French origins1 13,745 8.77%
Aboriginal origins2 7,860 5.02%
Other North American origins3 31,870 20.34%
Caribbean origins 665 0.43%
Latin, Central and South American origins4 2,070 1.32%
Western European origins5 46,395 29.62%
Northern European origins6 12,140 7.75%
Eastern European origin7 21,765 13.89%
Southern European origins 7,470 4.77%
Other European origins8 840 00.54%
African origins9 990 0.63%
Arab origins10 320 0.20%
West Asian origins11 410 00.26%
South Asian origins 25,800 16.47%
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,375 4.71%
Oceania origins12 565 0.36%
Climate data for Abbotsford International Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 18.8 20.0 24.8 31.2 39.5 38.6 46.2 43.4 40.1 31.2 21.0 18.9 46.2
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
20.6
(69.1)
24.9
(76.8)
29.8
(85.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.7
(94.5)
38.0
(100.4)
36.3
(97.3)
37.5
(99.5)
29.3
(84.7)
22.4
(72.3)
18.2
(64.8)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
9.0
(48.2)
11.6
(52.9)
14.7
(58.5)
18.1
(64.6)
20.8
(69.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.4
(75.9)
21.3
(70.3)
15.0
(59.0)
9.3
(48.7)
5.9
(42.6)
15.1
(59.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
5.0
(41.0)
7.2
(45.0)
9.8
(49.6)
13.0
(55.4)
15.7
(60.3)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
15.3
(59.5)
10.5
(50.9)
6.0
(42.8)
2.9
(37.2)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
1.1
(34.0)
2.7
(36.9)
4.8
(40.6)
7.8
(46.0)
10.5
(50.9)
12.2
(54.0)
12.0
(53.6)
9.3
(48.7)
5.9
(42.6)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.8
(42.4)
Record low °C (°F) −21.1
(−6.0)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.1
(34.0)
2.2
(36.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−16.7
(1.9)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−21.1
(−6.0)
Record low wind chill −26.6 −29.6 −19.7 −7.3 −4 0.0 0.0 0.0 −5.4 −13.9 −27.6 −33.3 −33.3
Average precipitation mm (inches) 211.7
(8.33)
132.3
(5.21)
149.3
(5.88)
117.8
(4.64)
99.8
(3.93)
74.8
(2.94)
43.2
(1.70)
45.9
(1.81)
75.5
(2.97)
152.7
(6.01)
248.2
(9.77)
186.6
(7.35)
1,537.8
(60.54)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 193.6
(7.62)
123.4
(4.86)
144.9
(5.70)
117.1
(4.61)
99.8
(3.93)
74.8
(2.94)
43.2
(1.70)
45.9
(1.81)
75.5
(2.97)
152.7
(6.01)
241.5
(9.51)
170.9
(6.73)
1,483.3
(58.40)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 18.5
(7.3)
8.6
(3.4)
4.4
(1.7)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
6.7
(2.6)
16.5
(6.5)
55.2
(21.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.1 16.2 19.1 16.3 14.4 13.0 7.3 7.1 9.6 15.8 20.8 19.8 179.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.2 15.4 18.6 16.3 14.4 13.0 7.3 7.1 9.6 15.8 20.2 18.2 174.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 3.7 1.9 1.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 3.6 12.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at {{{time day}}}) 73.3 62.9 59.9 56.0 56.5 57.1 54.5 53.2 56.4 66.1 74.3 74.5 62.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.3 99.0 131.5 171.5 208.7 213.7 276.7 263.2 201.9 122.6 64.7 64.9 1,886.7
Percent possible sunshine 25.2 34.6 35.7 41.8 44.1 44.2 56.7 59.1 53.3 36.5 23.4 25.2 40.0
Source: Environment Canada[31][32][33]
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