Abarth

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949.[3] Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a yellow and red background.[4] Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.

Abarth & C. S.p.A.
Società per Azioni
IndustryAutomotive
Founded31 March 1949
FounderCarlo Abarth
Headquarters,
Area served
EMEA[1]:44
Key people
OwnerFiat Chrysler Automobiles
ParentFCA Italy
Websitewww.abarth.it

History

Abarth: Seventy years of history and success

Celebrating its 70th anniversary, Abarth celebrates a history of victories in the field of motorsports and has recorded new records that have confirmed the brand's standing and established its presence among car lovers and fans around the world.

1949: Abarth & C.

1950-Abarth205Monza
A 1950 205A, one of the first Abarth cars

Carlo Abarth was sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947.[5] 1948 saw the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupé into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini,[a] took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna.[6][7] Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares.[5] The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A.[5] Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the "Squadra Abarth" racing team lined up celebrated drivers including Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950.[8] Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silencers.[9]

On 9 April 1951 the company's headquarters were moved to Turin;[7] Abarth began his well-known association with Fiat in 1952, when it built the Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.[10]

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850 cc to 2000 cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.[11]

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car free if he won all the races he entered. Abt almost succeeded: of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[11] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.

Abarth 695
Abarth 595, derived from the Fiat 500

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors' items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125 cc motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.[12][13]

Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with Porsche[14] and Simca.

1971: Fiat takeover

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971.[11] The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October.[15] As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella.[11] Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team.[16] Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi.[11] Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth Rally and 131 Abarth.[11] In December 1977, in advance of the 1978 racing season, the beforehand competing Abarth and Squadra Corse Lancia factory racing operations were merged by Fiat into a single entity named EASA (Ente per l'Attività Sportiva Automobilistica, Organization for Car Sports Racing Activities).[17] Cesare Fiorio (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while Daniele Audetto was sporting director; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices.[17] The combined racing department developed the Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo Group 5 racing car which won the 1980 World Championship for Makes and the 1981 World Endurance Championship of Makes. It also created the Lancia Rally 037 Group B rally car which won for Lancia the 1983 World Manufacturers' Championship).

On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.

Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular "boy racer" because it was lightweight and inexpensive.

In the 1980s, Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.

2007: Rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.

On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a.,[18] controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The first model launched was the Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant.[19] The CEO as of 2011 is Harald Wester.[20]

In 2015, Abarth's parent company was renamed FCA Italy S.p.A., reflecting the incorporation of Fiat S.p.A. into Fiat Chrysler Automobiles that took place in the previous months.

Yamaha XSR900 Abarth

Abarths collaboration with Yamaha to produce for 2017 a limited-edition "Sport Heritage café racer special", the XSR900 Abarth based on Yamahas XSR900 847 cc inline-triple neo-retro standard.[21]

Production

Current models

Abarth 500 Abarth 500C Abarth 124 Spider Abarth 695 Biposto
2017 Abarth 595 Trofeo 1.4 Front Abarth 500C rear Poznan 2011 Abarth 124 Spider (17)
Abarth 695 biposto
Fiat Abarth 750 (3)
Fiat Abarth 750
1955 Abarth 209A Coupe Boano photo3
Abarth 209A Boano Coupe
Château-Savigny-lès-Beaune 06
Abarth race cars
Fiat Abarth-rear
Fiat Abarth 1000
Monomille 1
1961 Abarth Monomille, rebodied Fiat 600 chassis[23]

Cars produced by Abarth

Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges

Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)

  • Abarth 500
  • Abarth 500 SS
  • Assetto Corsa Rally
  • 695 Tributo Ferrari
  • 695C Edizione Maserati (499 Units)
  • Abarth Grande Punto (2007)
  • Abarth Grande Punto SS (2007)
  • Abarth Punto Evo
  • Abarth Punto Supersport (2012–2013)
  • Abarth 500C

Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth

Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth

  • Fiat Punto Abarth (rally version only)
  • Fiat Cinquecento 900 Trofeo kitcar (teams had to build up their own rallycar from Fiat N Technology derived Abarth racingparts)
  • Fiat Cinquecento Sporting 1.1 Rally car
  • Fiat Seicento Sporting 1.1 Rally car

Motorsport

Rally

Year Car Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DC Points MC Points
2007 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Andrea Navarra KEN
1
TUR
2
BEL
3
RUS
4
POR
Ret
CZE
7
ITA
10
SWI
Ret
CHI 3rd 32 2nd 90
Italy Umberto Scandola KEN
Ret
TUR BEL
5
RUS POR CZE ITA
4
SWI
3
CHI 6th 15
Finland Anton Alén KEN TUR
4
BEL RUS
1
POR CZE
Ret
ITA SWI CHI 7th 15
Italy Giandomenico Basso KEN TUR BEL RUS POR
1
CZE ITA
2
SWI CHI 5th 18
2008 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Giandomenico Basso TUR
Ret
POR
4
BEL
6
RUS
3
POR
2
CZE
Ret
ESP
1
ITA
1
SWI
5
CHI 3rd 32 2nd 74
Finland Anton Alén TUR
3
POR
Ret
BEL
11
RUS
2
POR CZE
Ret
ESP
6
ITA
8
SWI
6
CHI 5th 21
Italy Umberto Scandola TUR POR BEL RUS POR
7
CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI
Ret
CHI 28th 2
Italy Renato Travaglia TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
4
SWI CHI 6th* 19*
Italy Alessio Pissi TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
13
SWI CHI - 0
Italy Andrea Navarra TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI CHI - 0
2009 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Giandomenico Basso MON
5
BRA
3
KEN POR
Ret
BEL
8
RUS
3
POR
1
CZE
Ret
ESP
8
ITA SCO 5th 28 4th 43
Finland Anton Alén MON
Ret
BRA
Ret
KEN POR
14
BEL RUS
7
POR CZE ESP ITA SCO 34th 3
Italy Luca Rossetti MON
Ret
BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR
Ret
CZE
10
ESP ITA
2
SCO 10th 8
Belgium Bernd Casier MON BRA KEN POR BEL
14
RUS POR CZE ESP ITA SCO - 0
Spain Miguel Fuster MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP
Ret
ITA SCO - 0
Italy Umberto Scandola MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
11
SCO - 0
Belgium François Duval MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SCO - 0
2010 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Luca Rossetti MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
5
SCO CYP 22nd 4 6th 6
Italy Giandomenico Basso MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
7
SCO CYP 36th 2

FIA R-GT Cup

Notes

  1. ^ Father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini

References

  1. ^ a b 2014 Annual Report (PDF), Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, retrieved 13 March 2015
  2. ^ "Alfredo Altavilla - FCA Group". www.fcagroup.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Abarth wants 100 dealers in Europe". autonews.com. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  4. ^ "Abarth Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.net. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  5. ^ a b c Boscarelli, Lorenzo. Abarth: le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 3–25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
  6. ^ Avidano, Renzo. Carlo Abarth - Il compendio di una vita per le auto e le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 29–32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Karl Abarth, the man and his history". bernimotori.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Quando venne a Torino per la sua ultima gara". Stampa Sera. 13 August 1953. p. 5. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Le attrattive del Salone". Stampa Sera. 12 April 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  10. ^ "1952 Abarth 1500 Biposto Coupé". rickcarey.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "The history of Abarth". abarthcarsuk.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  12. ^ "125 Model D Racer". racinglambrettas.com. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Lambretta World Land Speed Record Scooter". lambrettista.net. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth". porschearchive.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  15. ^ "L'Abarth entra nel gruppo Fiat". La Stampa. 16 October 1971. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  16. ^ Avidano, Renzo. I rapporti con la Fiat. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 33–35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
  17. ^ a b Fenu, Michele (6 December 1977). "Rally, Fiat e Lancia si uniscono in un nuovo "super-squadrone"". La Stampa. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  18. ^ Borgomeo, Vincenzo (23 January 2007). "Svolta Fiat: torna l'Abarth e diventa marchio indipendente". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  19. ^ Abarth's new premises in Turin from duemotori.it (18 Feb 2008)
  20. ^ "Nominato il nuovo CEO di Abarth" (in Italian).
  21. ^ "XSR900 Abarth". Yamaha. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  22. ^ Biposto, Italian for two-seater
  23. ^ "The Abarth Monomille". scuderialafortuna.blogspot.com. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  24. ^ Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
  25. ^ Abarth 209A Boano Coupe, www.ultimatecarpage.com Retrieved on 15 July 2014
  26. ^ The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27

External links

1978 World Rally Championship

The 1978 World Rally Championship was the sixth season of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) World Rally Championship (WRC). The schedule remained largely similar to the previous year, with the exception of the removal of the Rally New Zealand from the schedule.

1978 was the last season with an official world championship only for manufacturers. Scoring was modified in 1977 to a more complex system including points both for overall and group placement. A car would still have to place in the overall top 10 to score points. In addition to the Championship for Manufacturers, the FIA awarded the FIA Cup for Rally Drivers. All rallies of the WRC, in addition to another ten events, were counted towards the drivers' totals. In 1979, the Cup for Drivers was incorporated into the WRC as the World Rally Championship for Drivers.

Abarth 1000 GT Coupé

Abarth 1000 GT Coupé or Alfa Romeo 1000 Abarth GT Bertone Coupé is a car model made by the Italian car producer Abarth in collaboration with Alfa Romeo, and designed by Franco Scaglione for Bertone. The model was launched in 1958, and was fitted with a 1.0-litre straight engine with double overhead camshafts from Alfa Romeo, it had maximum power of 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp). Despite the modest motor, the car was still very fast, thanks to the weight of just 640 kg (1,411 lb). The engine was a short-stroke version of the Alfa Romeo Giulietta's 1.3 litre engine, developed so as to enable it to compete in racing categories restricted to engines of less than one litre. The stroke was down to 58.0 mm (2.28 in) while the bore remained 74.0 mm (2.91 in). The tubular chassis reportedly only weighed 50 kg (110 lb), and the car was fitted with a fully synchronized five-speed "System Porsche" transmission.Only three were built, and after two (or maybe all) were crashed while testing in Germany the project was abandoned.

Alfa Romeo SE 048SP

The Alfa Romeo SE 048SP was a Group C racing car built by Alfa Romeo in the early 1990s. Designed to replace the Lancia LC2 after the Group C regulations had undergone a major revamp, the SE 048SP had an Abarth-developed chassis mated to the 3.5-litre V10 engine from the stillborn Alfa Romeo 164 Procar, but, although at least one SE 048SP was built, it never left the development phase. The V10 engine appears to have been replaced by a Ferrari-sourced 3.5-litre V12 engine at some point during its development, although this was never officially confirmed by Alfa Romeo.

FCA Italy

FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.) is the Italian subsidiary of the Italian-American automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, dedicated to the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles and headquartered in Turin, Italy.

Fiat 124

The Fiat 124 is a small family car manufactured and marketed by Fiat between 1966 and 1974. The saloon superseded the Fiat 1300 and was the basis for several variants including a station wagon, a four-seater coupé (124 Sport Coupé), a two-seater convertible (124 Sport Spider) and a lengthened and more luxurious version, the 125, launched in early 1967.

The Russian-built Lada 1200 and 1300 produced until 1988 were based on the Fiat 124, along with other licensed variants manufactured worldwide. The 124 was superseded in its home market by the Fiat 131 Mirafiori.

Fiat 124 Spider (2016)

The Fiat 124 Spider (Type 348) is a front engine, rear drive two passenger roadster manufactured by Mazda for FCA, having debuted at the 2015 LA Auto Show for model year 2016.Largely based on the fourth generation Mazda MX-5 Miata roadster, and manufactured alongside the MX-5 at Mazda's Hiroshima plant, the 124 shares its platform, mechanicals, interior and top mechanism with the MX-5 — distinguished by an FCA engineered and manufactured turbocharged Multiair engine, uniquely tuned shock absorbers, unique exterior styling and slightly increased length and cargo capacity over the MX-5.The 124 nameplate and exterior styling details recall the Pininfarina designed Fiat 124 Sport Spider, manufactured from 1966 to 1985.

Fiat 124 Sport Spider

The Fiat 124 Sport Spider is a convertible sports car marketed by Fiat for model years 1966-1985. Designed by and manufactured at the Italian carrozzeria Pininfarina factory, the monocoque, front-engine, rear drive Sport Spider debuted at the November 1966 Turin Auto Show with styling by Tom Tjaarda.

Fiat later marketed the car as the Spider 2000 (1979-1982). After being retired by FIAT, Pininfarina continued the production of the model under his own brand as Pininfarina Spider Azzura for the North American market and Pininfarina Spidereuropa for the European market for three more years, from 1983 until 1985.Honoring its legacy, in 2015 a successor of the Fiat 124 Spider was presented at the LA Auto Show.

Fiat 131

The Fiat 131 is a family sedan manufactured and marketed by Fiat from 1974 to 1984 after its debut at the 1974 Turin Motor Show. Available as a two-door and four-door saloon and 5-door estate across a single generation, the 131 succeeded the Fiat 124.

The 131 was also marketed as the Fiat Mirafiori, after the Turin suburb where the cars were manufactured. Initially, the 131 was offered with 1.3 L and 1.6 L overhead valve engines and the range received revisions in 1978 and 1981. Production reached 1,513,800.

Fiat 500

The Fiat 500 (Italian: Cinquecento, Italian pronunciation: [ˌtʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) is a rear-engined, four-seat, small city car that was manufactured and marketed by Fiat Automobiles from 1957 to 1975 over a single generation in two-door saloon and two-door station wagon bodystyles.

Launched as the Nuova (new) 500 in July 1957, as a successor to the 500 "Topolino", it was an inexpensive and practical small car. Measuring 2.97 metres (9 feet 9 inches) long, and originally powered by a 479 cc two-cylinder, air-cooled engine, the 500 was 24.5 centimetres (9.6 inches) smaller than Fiat's 600, launched two years earlier, and is considered one of the first purpose-designed city cars.

In 2007, the 50th anniversary of the Nuova 500's launch, Fiat launched another new 500, stylistically inspired by the 1957 Nuova 500, featuring a front-mounted engine and front-wheel drive.

In 2017 Fiat celebrated the 60th anniversary with an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and received one of the Corporate Art Awards by pptArt at an event hosted by the President of the Italian Republic Sergio Mattarella at the Quirinal Palace.

Fiat 500 (2007)

The Fiat 500 (codeproject Type 312) is a two-door, four-passenger, transverse front-engine, front-wheel-drive A-segment city car manufactured and marketed by the Fiat subdivision of FCA since 2007 in hatchback coupé and fixed-profile convertible body styles, over a single generation — with an intermediate facelift in Europe with model year 2016 . The 500 is internally designated as the Type 312 by FCA.

Derived from the 2004 Fiat Trepiùno 3+1 concept (designed by Roberto Giolito), the 500's styling recalls Fiat's 1957 Fiat 500, nicknamed the Bambino — a model that was designed and engineered by Dante Giacosa with more than 4 million sold over its 18-year (1957-1975) production span.Translated from concept to production design under the design direction of Frank Stephenson, the 500 features Dante Giacosa's 1964 breakthrough front-wheel drive breakthrough layout — which ultimately became an industry standard, the layout "adopted by virtually every other manufacturer in the world" for front-wheel driveThe 500 uses Fiat's Multiair hydraulically actuated variable valve timing (VVT) engine technology, winner of the 2010 International Engine of the Year as well as Popular Science's Best of What's New.Announced on May 5, 2006, photographs of the 500 were presented on March 20, 2007, officially debuting on July 4, 2007, with 250,000 people in attendance and with new models prominently displayed in 30 Italian cities.Manufactured in Tychy, Poland and Toluca, Mexico, the 500 is marketed in more than 100 countries worldwide, including North America, where the 500 marked Fiat's market return after 27 years. With the millionth Fiat 500 produced in 2012; and production reaching 2 million in 2017, after 10 years, the 500 has won more than 40 major awards, including the CAR Magazine Car of the Year (2007) and the World's Most Beautiful Automobile. In 2009, an art installation designed by architect Fabio Novembre featured 20 full-size fiberglass replicas of the Fiat 500C, shaped as planters, along Milan's famous Via Monte Napoleone.

Fiat 600

The Fiat 600 (Italian: Seicento, pronounced [ˌsɛiˈtʃɛnto]) is a rear-engine, water-cooled city car, manufactured and marketed by Fiat from 1955 to 1969 — offered in two-door sedan and four-door mini MPV body styles.

Measuring only 3.22 m (10 ft 7 in) long, it was the first rear-engined Fiat and cost the equivalent of about €6,700 or US$7300 in today's money (590,000 lire then). The total number produced from 1955 to 1969 at the Mirafiori plant in Turin was 2,695,197.During the 1960s, '70s and '80s, many units were sold in countries such as Spain (as SEAT 600), where it became the icon of the Spanish miracle, Argentina, where it was nicknamed Fitito (a diminutive of FIAT) and former Yugoslavia where it was nicknamed Fića (pronounced [fee-cha]).

Fiat 850

The Fiat 850 (Tipo 100G) is a small rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive car manufactured and marketed by Italian car manufacturer Fiat from 1964 to 1973.

Fiat Grande Punto

The Fiat Grande Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 2005 to 2018. It is the third generation in the series of the Fiat Punto, and was announced in August 2005, and launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show.In 2009, the Grande Punto became an entry level model sold alongside the facelifted, higher spec Punto Evo. In 2012, both were replaced by a revised model, called simply Punto, thus resurrecting the model name of its predecessor. It is manufactured in Italy, in Brazil (from 2007) and in India (from 2008).

Fiat Punto

The Fiat Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1993 to 2018, spanning over three generations. The third generation of the car was marketed as the Grande Punto, between 2005 and 2009, and the Punto Evo, between 2009 and 2012, when the bare Punto name was reintroduced. As of May 2013, nearly nine million units had been sold globally.The first generation Punto was made 3,429 million units, the second generation 2,96 million units, and the third generation 2,67 million units.

Fiat Ritmo

The Fiat Ritmo is small, front-engine, front-wheel drive family car manufactured and marketed by Fiat, launched in April 1978 at the Turin Motor show and offered in 3- and 5-door hatchback and cabriolet body styles — from 1978–1988 with two facelifts.

Styled by Sergio Sartorelli at Fiat's Centro Stile in Turin, export versions for most English-speaking markets were marketed as the Strada. In 1979, SEAT Ritmo production began in Spain, with a facelift in 1982, the SEAT Ronda.

The name Ritmo derives from the Italian for "rhythm", and Strada derives from the Italian for "road." Production reached a total of 1,790,000 and ended in early 1988 it was replaced by the Fiat Tipo.

Formula Abarth

Formula Abarth (formerly known as Formula Azzurra) is an open wheel racing series based in Italy and Europe (since the 2011 season). Held since 2005, it is aimed at karting graduates, like the Formula Ford, French F4 Championship and ADAC Formel Masters.

During 2008 and 2009 the main Formula Azzurra category has been known as the Trofeo Alboreto. For 2010, Abarth have committed to a five-year initiative that will see the series being renamed Formula Abarth.After the success of 2010 season, in which competed international drivers and teams, a new European series has been created with a prize offered in collaboration with Ferrari Driver Academy.

In 2014, the Formula Abarth was replaced by the Italian Formula 4 Championship.

Group R-GT

Group R-GT (or sometimes Group RGT), is a FIA specification for GT cars in rallying. The R-GT regulations were introduced in 2011, and since 2014 technical passports for individual vehicles can be obtained. Thus a homologation for specific car models is no longer required.Internationally, R-GT cars compete in the FIA R-GT Cup, which is contested on tarmac rounds of the ERC and WRC.

Luca Ghiotto

Luca Ghiotto (born 24 February 1995) is an Italian racing driver currently competing in Formula 2 for UNI-Virtuosi Racing.

Markku Alén

Markku Allan Alén (born 15 February 1951, in Helsinki) is a Finnish former rally and race car driver. He drove for Fiat, Lancia, Subaru and Toyota in the World Rally Championship, and held the record for most stage wins (801) in the series, until Sébastien Loeb overtook it at the 2011 Rally Catalunya. Alén's phrase "now maximum attack" became well-known.Alén never won the world championship itself, despite being for a long time the driver with the most wins to his credit. However, he did win the FIA Cup for Drivers in 1978, the precursor to the World Championship for Drivers established in 1979. In 1986, he was the world champion for eleven days, until Peugeot's appeal went through and the results of Rallye Sanremo, which Alén had won, were annulled.

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