A Dangerous Method is a 2011 German-Canadian historical film directed by David Cronenberg and starring Keira Knightley, Viggo Mortensen, Michael Fassbender, and Vincent Cassel. The screenplay was adapted by writer Christopher Hampton from his 2002 stage play The Talking Cure, which was based on the 1993 non-fiction book by John Kerr, A Most Dangerous Method: The story of Jung, Freud, and Sabina Spielrein.
The film marks the third consecutive collaboration between Cronenberg and Viggo Mortensen (after A History of Violence and Eastern Promises). This is also the third Cronenberg film made with British film producer Jeremy Thomas, after completing together the William Burroughs adaptation Naked Lunch and the J. G. Ballard adaptation Crash. A Dangerous Method was a German/Canadian co-production. The film premiered at the 68th Venice Film Festival and was also featured at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival.
Set on the eve of World War I, A Dangerous Method describes the turbulent relationships between Carl Jung, founder of analytical psychology; Sigmund Freud, founder of the discipline of psychoanalysis; and Sabina Spielrein, initially a patient of Jung and later a physician and one of the first female psychoanalysts.
Among the film's many honors, Mortensen was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture for his portrayal of Freud.
|A Dangerous Method|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||David Cronenberg|
|Produced by||Jeremy Thomas|
|Screenplay by||Christopher Hampton|
|Based on||The Talking Cure|
by Christopher Hampton (play)
A Most Dangerous Method by John Kerr (non-fiction)
|Music by||Howard Shore|
|Edited by||Ronald Sanders|
|Distributed by||Sony Pictures Classics|
In August 1904, Sabina Spielrein arrives at the Burghölzli, the pre-eminent psychiatric hospital in Zurich, suffering from hysteria and begins a new course of treatment with the young Swiss doctor Carl Jung. He uses word association and dream interpretation as part of his approach to psychoanalysis, and finds that Spielrein's condition was triggered by the humiliation and sexual arousal she felt as a child when her father spanked her naked.
Jung and chief of medicine Eugen Bleuler recognize Spielrein's intelligence and energy, and allow her to assist them in their experiments. She measures the physical reactions of subjects during word association, to provide empirical data as a scientific basis for psychoanalysis. She soon learns that much of this new science is founded on the doctors' observations of themselves, each other, and their families, not just their patients. The doctors correspond at length before they meet, and begin sharing their dreams and analysing each other, and Freud himself soon adopts Jung as his heir and agent.
Jung finds in Spielrein a kindred spirit, and their attraction deepens due to transference. Jung resists the idea of cheating on his wife, Emma, and breaking the taboo of sex with a patient, but his resolve is weakened by the wild and unrepentant confidences of his new patient Otto Gross, a brilliant, philandering, unstable psychoanalyst. Gross decries monogamy in general and suggests that resistance to transference is symptomatic of the repression of normal, healthy sexual impulses, exhorting Jung to indulge himself with abandon.
Jung finally begins an affair with Spielrein, including rudimentary bondage and spanking. Things become even more tangled as he becomes her advisor to her dissertation; he publishes not only his studies of her as a patient but eventually her treatise as well. Spielrein wants to conceive a child with Jung, but he refuses. After his attempt to confine their relationship again to doctor and patient, she appeals to Freud for his professional help, and forces Jung to tell Freud the truth about their relationship, reminding him that she could have publicly damaged him but did not want to.
Jung and Freud journey to America. However, cracks appear in their friendship as they begin to disagree more frequently on matters of psychoanalysis. Jung and Spielrein meet to work on her dissertation in Switzerland, and begin their sexual relationship once more. However, after Jung refuses to leave his wife for her, Spielrein decides to go to Vienna. She meets Freud, and says that although she sides with him, she believes he and Jung need to reconcile for psychoanalysis to continue to develop.
Following Freud's collapse at an academic conference, he and Jung continue correspondence via letters. They decide to end their relationship after increasing hostilities and accusations regarding the differences in their conceptualisation of psychoanalysis. Spielrein marries a Russian doctor and, while pregnant, visits Jung and his wife. They discuss psychoanalysis and Jung's new mistress. Jung confides that his love for Spielrein made him a better person.
The film's footnote reveals the eventual fates of the four analysts. Gross starved to death in Berlin in 1919. Freud died of cancer in London in 1939 after being driven out of Vienna by the Nazis. Spielrein trained a number of analysts in the Soviet Union, before she, along with her two daughters, were shot by the Nazis in 1942. Jung emerged from a nervous breakdown to become the world's leading psychologist before dying in 1961.
Hampton's earliest version of the screenplay, dating back to the 1990s, was written for Julia Roberts in the role of Sabina Spielrein, but the film was never realized. Hampton re-wrote the screenplay for the stage, before producer Jeremy Thomas acquired the rights for both the earlier script and the stage version.
The film was produced by Britain's Recorded Picture Company, with Germany's Lago Film and Canada's Prospero Film acting as co-producers. Additional funding was provided by Medienboard Berlin-Brandenburg, MFG Baden-Württemberg, Filmstiftung NRW, the German Federal Film Board and Film Fund, Ontario Media Development Corp and Millbrook Pictures.
Christoph Waltz was initially cast as Sigmund Freud, but was replaced by Viggo Mortensen due to a scheduling conflict. Christian Bale had been in talks to play Carl Jung, but he too had to drop out because of scheduling conflicts.
Filming began on 26 May and ended on 24 July 2010. Exteriors were shot in Vienna and interiors were filmed on a soundstage in Cologne, Germany. Viennese locations included the Café Sperl, Berggasse 19, and the Schloss Belvedere. Lake Constance (Bodensee) stood in for Lake Zurich.
A noted feature of the film is the extensive use in the musical score of leitmotifs from Wagner's third Ring opera Siegfried, mostly in piano transcription. In fact the composer Howard Shore has said that the structure of the film is based on the structure of the Siegfried opera.
Universal Pictures released the film in German-speaking territories, while Lionsgate took rights to the United Kingdom and Sony Pictures Classics distributed the film in the United States. The film debuted at the Venice Film Festival in Italy on 2 September 2011.
Louise Keller reports from Urban Cinephile, "The best scenes are those between Mortensen and Fassbender...the tension between the two men mounts as their views conflict: Freud insists that sex is an underlying factor in every neurosis while Jung, interested in spiritualism and the occult, is disappointed by what he considers to be Freud's 'rigid pragmatism.'"
Andrew O'Hehir's review on Salon notes that on the one hand Freud's "single-minded focus on sexual repression as the source of neurosis led to the creation of psychiatry as a legitimate medical and scientific field—one that was often resistant to change and dominated by authoritarian father figures." On the other hand, Sabina's effect on Jung, and "the discoveries they had made together, both in the office and the bedroom," including the potential in "a creative fusion of opposites—doctor and patient, man and woman, dark and light, Jew and Aryan," led to a falling out between the two men "over a variety of issues, most notably the scientific limits of psychiatric inquiry."
In contrast, Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer wrote that, despite the film's exploration of "the way our subconscious works, the way we repress, and suppress, natural urges—the constant battle between the rational and the instinctive, the civilized and the wild", the film "feels distant, and clinical, in ways you wished it did not." In an interview with The Daily Beast's Marlow Stern, Cronenberg himself is quoted as saying that the love scenes between Jung and Spelrein were "quite clinical. These were people who, even when they were having sex, they were observing themselves having sex because they were so interested in their reactions to things."
A Dangerous Method was listed on many critics' 2011 top ten lists.
|Year of ceremony||Award||Category||Recipient(s)||Result|
|2011||National Board of Review Awards||Spotlight Award||Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)||Won|
|Satellite Awards||Actor in a Supporting Role||Viggo Mortensen||Nominated|
|Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards||Best Actor||Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)||Won|
|2012||Golden Globe Awards||Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture||Viggo Mortensen||Nominated|
|London Critics' Circle Film Awards||British Actor of the Year||Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame)||Won|
|Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards||Actor of the Year||Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, Jane Eyre, and X-Men: First Class)||Nominated|
|Genie Awards||Best Motion Picture||Martin Katz, Marco Mehlitz, Jeremy Thomas||Nominated|
|Achievement In Art Direction/Production Design||James Mcateer||Won|
|Performance By An Actor In A Leading Role||Michael Fassbender||Nominated|
|Performance By An Actor In A Supporting Role||Viggo Mortensen||Won|
|Achievement In Costume Design||Denise Cronenberg||Nominated|
|Achievement In Direction||David Cronenberg||Nominated|
|Achievement In Editing||Ronald Sanders, C.C.E. A.C.E.||Nominated|
|Achievement In Music – Original Score||Howard Shore||Won|
|Achievement In Overall Sound||Orest Sushko, Christian Cooke||Won|
|Achievement In Sound Editing||Wayne Griffin, Rob Bertola, Tony Currie, Andy Malcolm, Michael O'Farrell||Won|
|Achievement In Visual Effects||Jason Edwardh, Oliver Hearsey, Jim Price, Milan Schere, Wojciech Zielinski||Nominated|
|Sant Jordi Award||Best Foreign Actor||Michael Fassbender (Also for Jane Eyre and X-Men: First Class)||Won|
|Directors Guild of Canada Awards||Best Direction||David Cronenberg||Won|
|Best Feature Film||Won|
|Best Production Design - Feature Film||James McAteer||Won|
|Best Picture Editing - Feature Film||Ron Sanders||Won|
|Best Sound Editing||Rob Bertola, Tony Currie, Alastair Gray, Michael O'Farrell, Gren-Erich Zwicker||Won|
The 32nd Genie Awards ceremony was held on March 8, 2012 to honour films released in 2011. Nominations were announced on January 17, 2012.The ceremony was originally scheduled to be hosted by Andrea Martin and George Stroumboulopoulos, but Martin was forced to cancel at the last minute due to a rescheduled acting commitment. Stroumboulopoulos consequently hosted the ceremony alone, although he and Martin pretaped an introductory comedy segment in which they scrambled to find a replacement for Martin, including cameos by Martin Short, Chris Hyndman and Steven Sabados.David Cronenberg
David Paul Cronenberg (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian filmmaker, writer, and actor. He is one of the principal originators of what is commonly known as the body horror genre, with his films exploring visceral bodily transformation, infection, technology, and the intertwining of the psychological with the physical. In the first third of his career, he explored these themes mostly through horror and science fiction films such as Scanners (1981) and Videodrome (1983), although his work has since expanded beyond these genres.
Cronenberg's films have polarized critics and audiences alike; he has earned critical acclaim and has sparked controversy for his depictions of gore and violence. The Village Voice called him "the most audacious and challenging narrative director in the English-speaking world". His films have won numerous awards, including, for Crash, the Special Jury Prize at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, a unique award that is distinct from the Jury Prize as it is not given annually, but only at the request of the official jury, who in this case gave the award "for originality, for daring and for audacity". The award has not been given since.Jane Eyre (2011 film)
Jane Eyre is a 2011 British romantic drama film directed by Cary Fukunaga and starring Mia Wasikowska and Michael Fassbender. The screenplay is written by Moira Buffini based on Charlotte Brontë's 1847 novel of the same name, a classic of the Gothic, bildungsroman, and romance genres. The film was released on 11 March 2011 in the United States and 9 September in Great Britain and Ireland. The film's costume design, led by Michael O'Connor, was nominated for an Academy Award.Jeremy Thomas
Jeremy Jack Thomas, CBE (born 26 July 1949) is a British film producer, founder and chairman of Recorded Picture Company. He produced Bernardo Bertolucci's The Last Emperor, which won the 1988 Academy Award for Best Picture. In 2006 he received a European Film Award for Outstanding European Achievement in World Cinema. His father was director Ralph Thomas (director of many of the "Doctor" films), while his uncle Gerald Thomas directed all of the films in the Carry On franchise.Keira Knightley
Keira Christina Knightley (); 26 March 1985) is an English actress. She has worked in both the British and American film industries, and has starred in Broadway and West End theatre productions. She has received an Empire Award and multiple nominations for British Academy, Golden Globe, and Academy Awards.
Knightley began acting as a child on television and made her feature film debut in 1995; she played such supporting roles as Sabé in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999) and Frankie Smith in the psychological horror film The Hole (2001). She made her breakthrough with the 2002 film Bend It Like Beckham, and achieved international fame in 2003 after playing Elizabeth Swann in the $4.5 billion-grossing Pirates of the Caribbean film series. Her portrayal of Elizabeth Bennet in the 2005 romantic drama film Pride & Prejudice earned her critical acclaim and a Best Actress nomination at the Academy Awards. She later became known for her roles as the heroines of other period dramas such as Atonement (2007), A Dangerous Method (2011) and Anna Karenina (2012).
Knightley's performances in independent films including the dramas The Duchess (2009) and Never Let Me Go (2010) were well received; both the roles earned her nominations at the British Independent Film Awards. In 2014, she was nominated for the London Film Critics' Circle's British Actress of the Year Award for her performances as an aspiring singer-songwriter in the musical romantic comedy Begin Again, a young underachiever in the comedy drama Laggies, and Joan Clarke in the historical drama The Imitation Game. For the last of the aforementioned, she also garnered nominations for a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. The same year, she appeared in the Kenneth Branagh-helmed action thriller Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit. In 2018, she was lauded for her portrayal of French novelist Gabrielle Colette in the biographical film Colette.
Knightley's West End debut in Martin Crimp's 2009 production The Misanthrope was well received and earned her a nomination for a Laurence Olivier Award. She also starred as the eponymous heroine in the 2015 Broadway production of the 1873 naturalist play Thérèse Raquin.
She was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2018 Birthday Honours for services to drama and charity.List of awards and nominations received by Viggo Mortensen
The following is a List of awards and nominations received by Danish-American actor, producer, author, musician, photographer, poet, and painter Viggo Mortensen.List of films using the music of Richard Wagner
The following is a sortable list of cinema films which utilize music of Richard Wagner in their soundtracks (other than films of Wagner's operas themselves). Casual references (and use of the Bridal Chorus from Lohengrin) are not included.Martin Katz (producer)
Martin Katz is a Canadian film and television producer, who is president of the production firm Prospero Pictures and the current president of the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. Prior to establishing Prospero Pictures, Katz was a producer with Atlantis Entertainment, and executive producer of MSNBC Canada.As a producer, his credits include the television series My Life as a Dog, Married Life, Spectacle: Elvis Costello with... and Ice Road Truckers, and the films Keeping the Promise, The Claim, The Gospel of John, Hotel Rwanda, Spider, It's a Boy Girl Thing, Shake Hands with the Devil, Inconceivable, The Making of Plus One, A Dangerous Method, Man on the Train, Cosmopolis and Maps to the Stars.He became chair of the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television in 2011.Michael Fassbender
Michael Fassbender (born 2 April 1977) is an Irish-German actor. His feature film debut was in the fantasy war epic 300 (2007) as a Spartan warrior; his earlier roles included various stage productions, as well as starring roles on television such as in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers (2001) and the Sky One fantasy drama Hex (2004–05). He first came to prominence for his role as IRA activist Bobby Sands in Hunger (2008), for which he won a British Independent Film Award. Subsequent roles include in the independent film Fish Tank (2009), as a Royal Marines lieutenant in Inglourious Basterds (2009), as Edward Rochester in the 2011 film adaptation of Jane Eyre, as Carl Jung in A Dangerous Method (2011), as the sentient android David 8 in Prometheus (2012) and its sequel, Alien: Covenant (2017), and in the musical comedy-drama Frank (2014) as an eccentric musician loosely inspired by Frank Sidebottom.
In 2011, Fassbender debuted as the Marvel Comics supervillain Magneto in X-Men: First Class, and went on to share the role with Ian McKellen in X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014), and reprised it again in X-Men: Apocalypse (2016). Also in 2011, Fassbender's performance as a sex addict in Shame earned him the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival and was nominated for Golden Globe and BAFTA Awards. In 2013, his role as slave owner Edwin Epps in the slavery epic 12 Years a Slave was similarly praised, earning him his first Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. In 2013, Fassbender appeared in another Ridley Scott film, The Counselor. In 2015, he portrayed the title role in the Danny Boyle-directed biopic Steve Jobs (2015), and played Macbeth in Justin Kurzel's adaptation of William Shakespeare's play. For the former, he received Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe and SAG nominations. In 2015, he produced the western Slow West, in which he also starred.Michael Fassbender filmography
Michael Fassbender is a German-Irish actor who made his screen debut in the 2001 war drama miniseries Band of Brothers as Burton Christenson. Fassbender followed this with a number of television roles including a German motorcycle courier in the drama Hearts and Bones (2001), Guy Fawkes in the miniseries Gunpowder, Treason & Plot (2004), Lt. Harry Colebourn in the film A Bear Named Winnie (2004), and Azazeal in the series Hex (2004–05). He made his film debut playing a Spartan soldier in Zack Snyder's 300 (2007). The following year Fassbender portrayed Irish republican Bobby Sands during the events of the 1981 Irish hunger strike in Steve McQueen's historical drama Hunger. His performance garnered him the Best Actor award at the British Independent Film Awards, and the Irish Film and Television Awards.Fassbender appeared as a British soldier in Quentin Tarantino-directed film Inglourious Basterds (2009). Two years later, he played Carl Jung in David Cronenberg's A Dangerous Method, and a man suffering with sex addiction in McQueen's Shame. His performance in the latter earned him the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival. In the same year he also appeared in superhero film X-Men: First Class as young Magneto. In 2013, Fassbender reteamed with McQueen on the period drama 12 Years a Slave. For his role as a slave owner in the film he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. The following year, he reprised his role as Magneto in the superhero sequel X-Men: Days of Future Past which grossed a box-office total of over $747 million—his highest grossing release as of April 2016. In 2015, he appeared as the title character in Justin Kurzel's film adaptation of the play Macbeth. In the same year, Fassbender's portrayal of Steve Jobs in Danny Boyle's eponymous film garnered him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.National Board of Review Awards 2011
The 83rd National Board of Review Awards, honoring the best in film for 2011.Orest Sushko
Orest Sushko is a re-recording mixer working in the fields of film, television, and music. Born in Canada, he is a dual Canadian-U.S. citizen. He holds an M.A. degree in media production from Ryerson University in Toronto.
Sushko has mixed seven films for David Cronenberg, including Crash, Spider, A History of Violence, Eastern Promises, A Dangerous Method, Cosmopolis, and Maps to the Stars. He has also mixed films by Barry Sonnenfeld and Guillermo del Toro. He won the 2008 Genie Award for Best Achievement in Overall Sound.
In 2014, after more than a decade of work, he completed Music of Survival: The Story of the Ukrainian Bandurist Chorus, a documentary tracing the history of the bandura, a traditional musical instrument from his Ukrainian heritage.Recorded Picture Company
Recorded Picture Company is a British film production company founded in 1974 by producer Jeremy Thomas.Sarah Gadon
Sarah Lynn Gadon (born April 4, 1987) is a Canadian actress. She first gained recognition for her performances in David Cronenberg's films A Dangerous Method (2011) and Cosmopolis (2012). She has guest starred in a number of television series, including Are You Afraid of the Dark? (1999), In a Heartbeat (2000), Mutant X (2002), and Dark Oracle (2004). She has also worked as a voice actress on various productions.
In 2015, Gadon co-starred in Miramax's supernatural thriller The 9th Life of Louis Drax and portrayed a young Elizabeth II in the comedy A Royal Night Out. The following year, she starred as Sadie in the Hulu miniseries 11.22.63, an adaptation of Stephen King's novel 11/22/63. In 2017, Gadon played the lead role in the CBC miniseries Alias Grace, based on the Margaret Atwood novel of the same name.
Throughout her career, she has earned numerous accolades, including two Canadian Screen Awards, for her performances in Alias Grace, and Denis Villeneuve's Enemy (2014). In 2016, she was honored with the Award of Excellence by the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television, and Radio Artists (ACTRA).Shame (2011 film)
Shame is a 2011 British drama film directed and co-written by Steve McQueen, starring Michael Fassbender and Carey Mulligan as grown siblings. It was co-produced by Film4 and See-Saw Films. The film's explicit scenes reflecting the protagonist's sexual addiction resulted in a rating of NC-17 in the United States. Shame was released in the United Kingdom on 13 January 2012.Tiana Alexandra
Tiana Alexandra-Silliphant (Thi Thanh Nga; August 11, 1956) is a Vietnamese-American actress and filmmaker. Her award-winning 1992 film From Hollywood to Hanoi was the first American documentary feature film shot in Vietnam by a Vietnamese-American. It was shown at film festivals and movie theaters across the U.S. and highlighted the plight of Amerasians, as well as the devastating effects of Agent Orange.Alexandra starred opposite actors Robert Duvall, James Caan and Rod Steiger in feature films such as Sam Peckinpah's The Killer Elite, and Catch The Heat. She also starred in the made-for-television features Pearl and Fly Away Home, written by her husband Stirling Silliphant. Alexandra was Associate Producer on David Cronenberg's 2011 feature film A Dangerous Method.
Alexandra's film The General & Me (in post production as of April 2015) focuses on her 25-year relationship with General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Ho Chi Minh's trusted military strategist during the Indochina and Vietnam Wars.Toni Wolff
Toni Anna Wolff (18 September 1888 – 21 March 1953) was a Swiss Jungian analyst and a close collaborator of Carl Jung. During her analytic career Wolff published relatively little under her own name, but she helped Jung identify, define, and name some of his best-known concepts, including anima, animus, and persona, as well as the theory of the psychological types. Her best-known paper is an essay on four "types" or aspects of the feminine psyche: the Amazon, the Mother, the Hetaira, and the Medial (or mediumistic) Woman.Viggo Mortensen
Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr. (; Danish: [viːɡo ˈmɒːdn̩sn̩]; born October 20, 1958) is an American actor, author, photographer, poet, and painter. Born in New York to a Danish father and American mother, he was a resident of Venezuela and Argentina during his childhood. He is the recipient of various accolades including a Screen Actors Guild Award and has been nominated for three Academy Awards, three BAFTA Awards, and four Golden Globe Awards.
Mortensen made his film debut in a small role in Peter Weir's 1985 thriller Witness starring Harrison Ford and has appeared in several notable films since, including The Indian Runner (1991), Carlito's Way (1993), Crimson Tide (1995), Daylight (1996), The Portrait of a Lady (1996), G.I. Jane (1997), Psycho (1998), A Perfect Murder (1998), A Walk on the Moon (1999), and 28 Days (2000).
Mortensen received international attention in the early 2000s with his role as Aragorn in the epic film trilogy The Lord of the Rings. In 2005, Mortensen won critical acclaim for David Cronenberg's crime thriller A History of Violence. Two years later, another Cronenberg film, Eastern Promises (2007), earned him further critical acclaim and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. A third teaming with Cronenberg in A Dangerous Method (2011) resulted in a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture. Other well-received films include Appaloosa (2008) and Far from Men (2014). Further Academy Award nominations came for his leading roles in Captain Fantastic (2016) and Green Book (2018).
Aside from acting, Mortensen's other artistic pursuits include fine arts, photography, poetry, and music. In 2002, he founded the Perceval Press to publish the works of little-known artists and authors.Vincent Cassel
Vincent Cassel (French pronunciation: [vɛ̃sɑ̃ kasɛl]; born Vincent Crochon, 23 November 1966) is a French actor. He first achieved recognition for his performance as a troubled French Jewish youth, in Matthieu Kassovitz's 1995 film La Haine (Hate), for which he received two César Award nominations. He garnered wide recognition with English-speaking audiences for his performances in Ocean's Twelve (2004) and Ocean's Thirteen (2007), as well as Eastern Promises (2007), Black Swan (2010), and Jason Bourne (2016). Cassel is also renowned for playing the infamous French bank-robber Jacques Mesrine in Mesrine: Killer Instinct and Mesrine: Public Enemy Number One (both in 2008).
Throughout his career, which spans more than three decades, Cassel has earned critical acclaim and numerous accolades, including a César Award in 2009 and a Canadian Screen Award in 2016.
Films directed by David Cronenberg
|TV series created|