aMSN is a free Windows Live Messenger clone. aMSN attempts to emulate the look and feel of Windows Live Messenger, and supports many of its features. It has been downloaded approximately 40 million times as of January 2011, making it the 21st most downloaded project on SourceForge.
aMSN is available for any system that supports Tcl/Tk 8.5 or higher, including Microsoft Windows, Macintosh and any UNIX/Linux variant, including Maemo (Nokia's internet tablets) and OpenSolaris. A portable version for Windows is available by PortableApps.
aMSN 0.97 screenshot
|Developer(s)||aMSN Development Team|
|Initial release||May 22, 2002|
0.98.9 / May 25, 2012
|Type||Instant messaging client|
|License||GNU General Public License|
aMSN was based on a previous application named Compu's Messenger (ccmsn), released on September 21, 2001 by Dave Mifsud. Features in this application were quite limited and development seemed to be stopped. Alvaro Iradier made a fork of the development with his own version, aMSN (Alvaro's Messenger). At the time Didimo E. Grimaldo was also working on his own branch of ccMSN until both Alvaro and Didimo heard of each other in a development forum and decided to merge their improvements into one version. The first version of aMSN was released on May 22, 2002 on Sourceforge.
After several successful releases of their join effort, Didimo E. Grimaldo decided to take leave as a developer due to other pressing responsibilities and lack of time. ccMSN/aMSN was in fact the last of several free and open source projects in which Didimo worked.
More developers joined the project, like Philippe G. Khalaf and later Youness Alaoui. Today, the project keeps going thanks to the effort and help of an increasing number of developers, translators, and designers.
aMSN is well known for quickly implementing most of the official client's features, often being the only third-party client that supports them. For example, it is the only client that supports video conferencing on Mac. It has been reviewed by many software-specialized websites. Its releases have appeared on several well-known blogs, its developers have been interviewed, and it has even appeared on a few TV series internationally.
With the release of Windows Live Messenger 2009, Microsoft made changes to the protocol used by Windows Live Messenger. These changes included the use of P2P SIP instead of using an external server. As a result of this, the video call function to aMSN was made unusable and was removed from versions 0.98.3 and 0.98.4 of aMSN.
In late 2010, Microsoft released Windows Live Messenger 2011, which removed one-way webcam functionality, meaning that aMSN is left with no practical webcam function.
Autopackage is a free computer package management system aimed at making it simple to create a package that can be installed on all Linux distributions, created by Mike Hearn around 2002.
In August 2010, Listaller and Autopackage announced that the projects will merge.Projects such as aMSN and Inkscape offered an Autopackage installer, and Freecode offered content submitters a field to put the URL of Autopackages. The list of available packages is very limited, and most program versions are obsolete (for example, the most recent Autopackage of GIMP is 2.2.6, even though GIMP is now at version 2.8.2, as of August 2012).Comparison of instant messaging clients
The current landscape for instant messaging involves cross-platform instant messaging clients that can handle one or multiple protocols so that internet users can communicate with multiple users at the same time. The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of instant messaging clients. See the individual products' articles for further information. External links may lead to extensions that add a feature to a client.Damn Small Linux
Damn Small Linux (commonly abbreviated DSL) was a computer operating system for the x86 family of personal computers. It is free and open source software under the terms of the GNU GPL and other free and open source licenses. It was designed to run graphical applications on older PC hardware—for example, machines with 486/early Pentium processors and very little memory. DSL is a Live CD with a size of 50 MB. What originally started as an experiment to see how much software could fit in 50 MB eventually became a full-fledged Linux distribution. It can be installed on storage media with small capacities, like bootable business cards, USB flash drives, various memory cards, and Zip drives.
it is now discontinued, but many sites still host the isos for itFarstream
Farstream (previously known as Farsight) is an audio/video conferencing framework based on GStreamer. The project provides audio/video conferencing for as many instant messengers as possible through a modular design. Telepathy and Farsight constitute the first implementation of the Jingle XMPP protocol.
The software is open-source, being distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and is intended to run on POSIX-compliant operating systems, including Linux but also Windows and Mac OS X. It is being used for audio/video conferencing on the Nokia 770, N800, N810 and N900. It is also the VoIP framework used by Meego.
Farsight is under development in the Farsight 2 series. The maintainer is Olivier Crête.
Examples of applications using Farstream:
Geoffrey Alexander Harding OAM (born 1950), most often known as Geoff Harding, is a Brisbane-based medical practitioner and a recognized leader within the field of musculoskeletal medicine. .Houston Methodist Hospital
Houston Methodist Hospital is the flagship hospital of Houston Methodist. Located in the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas, Houston Methodist Hospital was established in 1919 during the height of the Spanish influenza epidemic as an outreach ministry of Methodist Episcopal Church. Houston Methodist comprises seven community hospitals, a continuing care hospital as well as several emergency centers and physical therapy clinics throughout greater Houston.
The hospital has consistently ranked as "One of America's Best Hospitals" according to U.S. News and World Report. The hospital has earned worldwide recognition in multiple specialties including cardiovascular surgery, cancer, epilepsy treatment and organ transplantation.Houston Methodist System changed its official name to Houston Methodist in 2013.List of Macintosh software
The following is a list of Macintosh software—notable computer applications for current macOS systems. For software designed for the classic Mac OS, see List of old Macintosh software.List of portable software
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Medical-surgical nursing is a nursing specialty area concerned with the care of adult patients in a broad range of settings. The Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN) is a specialty nursing organization dedicated to nurturing medical-surgical nurses as they advance their careers. Traditionally, medical-surgical nursing was an entry-level position that most nurses viewed as a stepping stone to specialty areas. Medical-surgical nursing is the largest group of professionals in the field of nursing. Advances in medicine and nursing have resulted in medical-surgical nursing evolving into its own specialty.Many years ago a majority of hospital nurses worked on wards, and everyone was a medical-surgical nurse. Today licensed medical-surgical nurses work in a variety of positions, inpatient clinics, emergency departments, HMO’s, administration, out patient surgical centers, home health care, humanitarian relief work, ambulatory surgical care, and skilled nursing homes. Some military medical-surgical nurses serve on battlefields.
Registered nurses can become certified medical-surgical nurses through the American Nurses Credentialing Center. and also through the Medical-Surgical Nursing Certification Board's (MSNCB) (msncb.org) Certified Medical-Surgical Registered Nurse (CMSRN) credential.Medical surgical nursing certification
Medical-surgical nurses must meet certain eligibility requirements along with passing a multiple choice exam may gain certification.The exam takes three hours and it has 150 multiple choice questions
Medical-surgical nursing certification (and recertification) is offered by two organizations in the US:
The Medical-Surgical Nursing Certification Board (MSNCB), a partner of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN) an organization that exists to establish credentialing mechanisms for validating proficiency in medical-surgical nursingMSNCB was founded by the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN), a specialty nursing organization for medical-surgical nurses. MSNCB partners with AMSN to provide an array of programs and services for professional development. The earned credential is Certified Medical-Surgical Registered Nurse (CMSRN).Microsoft Messenger service
Messenger (formerly MSN Messenger Service, .NET Messenger Service and Windows Live Messenger Service) was an instant messaging and presence system developed by Microsoft in 1999 for use with its MSN Messenger software. It was used by instant messaging clients including Windows 8, Windows Live Messenger, Microsoft Messenger for Mac, Outlook.com and Xbox Live. Third-party clients also connected to the service. It communicated using the Microsoft Notification Protocol, a proprietary instant messaging protocol. The service allowed anyone with a Microsoft account to sign in and communicate in real time with other people who were signed in as well.
In April 2013, Microsoft merged this service into Skype network; existing users were able to sign into Skype with their existing accounts and access their contact list. As part of the merger, Skype instant messaging functionality is now running on the backbone of the former Messenger service.Nudge (instant messaging)
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Rhythmbox is a free and open-source audio player that plays and helps organize digital audio files. Rhythmbox is designed to work well under the GNOME desktop using the GStreamer media framework, however it can function on desktop environments other than GNOME.
Rhythmbox is the default audio player on many Linux distributions including Fedora, Ubuntu as of version 12.04 LTS, and Linux Mint as of version 18.1.Sabayon Linux
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Sabayon Linux features a rolling release cycle, its own software repository and a package management system called Entropy. Sabayon is available in both x86 and AMD64 distributions and there is support for ARMv7 in development for the BeagleBone.It is named after an Italian dessert, zabaione, which is made from eggs. Sabayon's logo is an impression of a chicken foot.Siren (codec)
Siren is a family of patented, transform-based, wideband audio coding formats and their audio codec implementations developed and licensed by PictureTel Corporation (acquired by Polycom, Inc. in 2001). There are three Siren codecs: Siren 7, Siren 14 and Siren 22.University of Science and Technology of Hanoi
University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH), (also called Vietnam France University), is a unique International Standard Public University in Hanoi founded in 2009 under the Intergovernmental Agreement between Vietnam and France signed on 12 November 2009, following the decision number 2067/QĐ-TTg on 9 December 2009 made by the Prime Minister.Video4Linux
Video4Linux, V4L for short, is a collection of device drivers and an API for supporting realtime video capture on Linux systems. It supports many USB webcams, TV tuners, and related devices, standardizing their output, so programmers can easily add video support to their applications. MythTV, tvtime and TVHeadend are typical applications that use the V4L framework.
Video4Linux was named after Video for Windows (which is sometimes abbreviated "V4W"), but is not technically related to it.While Video4Linux is only available on Linux, there is a compatibility layer available for FreeBSD called Video4BSD. This provides a way for many programs that depend on V4L to also compile and run on the FreeBSD operating system.