AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)

AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies – 10th Anniversary Edition was the 2007 updated version of 100 Years… 100 Movies. The original list was first unveiled in 1998.

AFI 100 Years... series
1998100 Movies
1999100 Stars
2000100 Laughs
2001100 Thrills
2002100 Passions
2003100 Heroes & Villains
2004100 Songs
2005100 Movie Quotes
200525 Scores
2006100 Cheers
200625 Musicals
2007100 Movies (Updated)
2008AFI's 10 Top 10

Broadcast

Announced on January 18, 2007, this installment of the American Film Institute's (AFI) Emmy Award-winning AFI 100 Years... series counted down the 100 greatest American movies of all time in a three-hour television event. Aired June 20, 2007 on CBS, it was hosted by Academy Award-winning actor Morgan Freeman. The program considered classic favorites and newly eligible films released from 1997 to 2005.[1]

Criteria

AFI asked jurors to consider the following criteria in their selection process:

  • Feature length: Narrative format typically over 60 minutes long.
  • American film: English language, with significant creative and/or financial production from the United States. (A number of films on the list were British-made but financed by American studios; these include Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and A Clockwork Orange.)
  • Critical recognition: Formal commendation in print, television, and digital media.
  • Major award winner: Recognition from competitive events including awards from peer groups, critics, guilds, and major film festivals.
  • Popularity over time: Includes success at the box office, television and cable airings, and DVD/VHS sales and rentals.
  • Historical significance: A film's mark on the history of the moving image through visionary narrative devices, technical innovation or other groundbreaking achievements.
  • Cultural impact: A film's mark on American society in matters of style and substance.

List

Rank 10th anniversary list (2007) Director Year Studio Change from 1998
1. Citizen Kane Orson Welles 1941 RKO Pictures Steady
2. The Godfather Francis Ford Coppola 1972 Paramount Increase 1
3. Casablanca Michael Curtiz 1942 Warner Brothers Decrease 1
4. Raging Bull Martin Scorsese 1980 United Artists Increase 20
5. Singin' in the Rain Gene Kelly, Stanley Donen 1952 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Increase 5
6. Gone with the Wind Victor Fleming 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (distributor), Selznick International Pictures Decrease 2
7. Lawrence of Arabia David Lean 1962 Horizon, Columbia Decrease 2
8. Schindler's List Steven Spielberg 1993 Universal Increase 1
9. Vertigo Alfred Hitchcock 1958 Paramount Increase 52
10. The Wizard of Oz Victor Fleming 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Decrease 4
11. City Lights Charlie Chaplin 1931 United Artists Increase 65
12. The Searchers John Ford 1956 Warner Brothers Increase 84
13. Star Wars George Lucas 1977 20th Century Fox, Lucasfilm Increase 2
14. Psycho Alfred Hitchcock 1960 Shamley Productions, Paramount (distr.) Increase 4
15. 2001: A Space Odyssey Stanley Kubrick 1968 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Increase 7
16. Sunset Boulevard Billy Wilder 1950 Paramount Decrease 4
17. The Graduate Mike Nichols 1967 United Artists, Embassy Decrease 10
18. The General Buster Keaton, Clyde Bruckman 1926 United Artists NEW
19. On the Waterfront Elia Kazan 1954 Columbia Decrease 11
20. It's a Wonderful Life Frank Capra 1946 RKO Decrease 9
21. Chinatown Roman Polanski 1974 Paramount Decrease 2
22. Some Like It Hot Billy Wilder 1959 United Artists Decrease 8
23. The Grapes of Wrath John Ford 1940 20th Century Fox Decrease 2
24. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Steven Spielberg 1982 Universal Increase 1
25. To Kill a Mockingbird Robert Mulligan 1962 Universal-International Increase 9
26. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Frank Capra 1939 Columbia Increase 3
27. High Noon Fred Zinnemann 1952 United Artists Increase 6
28. All About Eve Joseph L. Mankiewicz 1950 20th Century Fox Decrease 12
29. Double Indemnity Billy Wilder 1944 Paramount Increase 9
30. Apocalypse Now Francis Ford Coppola 1979 United Artists Decrease 2
31. The Maltese Falcon John Huston 1941 Warner Brothers Decrease 8
32. The Godfather Part II Francis Ford Coppola 1974 Paramount Steady
33. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Miloš Forman 1975 United Artists Decrease 13
34. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs David Hand 1937 RKO (distributor), Disney Increase 15
35. Annie Hall Woody Allen 1977 United Artists Decrease 4
36. The Bridge on the River Kwai David Lean 1957 Columbia Decrease 23
37. The Best Years of Our Lives William Wyler 1946 RKO, Samuel Goldwyn Steady
38. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre John Huston 1948 Warner Brothers Decrease 8
39. Dr. Strangelove Stanley Kubrick 1964 Columbia Decrease 13
40. The Sound of Music Robert Wise 1965 20th Century Fox Increase 15
41. King Kong Merian C. Cooper, Ernest B. Schoedsack 1933 RKO Increase 2
42. Bonnie and Clyde Arthur Penn 1967 Warner Brothers Decrease 15
43. Midnight Cowboy John Schlesinger 1969 United Artists Decrease 7
44. The Philadelphia Story George Cukor 1940 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Increase 7
45. Shane George Stevens 1953 Paramount Increase 24
46. It Happened One Night Frank Capra 1934 Columbia Decrease 11
47. A Streetcar Named Desire Elia Kazan 1951 Warner Brothers Decrease 2
48. Rear Window Alfred Hitchcock 1954 Paramount Decrease 6
49. Intolerance D. W. Griffith 1916 Triangle NEW
50. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Peter Jackson 2001 New Line Cinema NEW
51. West Side Story Jerome Robbins, Robert Wise 1961 United Artists Decrease 10
52. Taxi Driver Martin Scorsese 1976 Columbia Pictures Decrease 5
53. The Deer Hunter Michael Cimino 1978 Universal Increase 26
54. MASH Robert Altman 1970 20th Century Fox Increase 2
55. North by Northwest Alfred Hitchcock 1959 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Decrease 15
56. Jaws Steven Spielberg 1975 Universal Decrease 8
57. Rocky John G. Avildsen 1976 United Artists Increase 21
58. The Gold Rush Charlie Chaplin 1925 United Artists Increase 16
59. Nashville Robert Altman 1975 Paramount, ABC Entertainment NEW
60. Duck Soup Leo McCarey 1933 Paramount Pictures Increase 25
61. Sullivan's Travels Preston Sturges 1941 Paramount Pictures NEW
62. American Graffiti George Lucas 1973 Universal, Lucasfilm Increase 15
63. Cabaret Bob Fosse 1972 Allied Artists NEW
64. Network Sidney Lumet 1976 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists Increase 2
65. The African Queen John Huston 1951 United Artists Decrease 48
66. Raiders of the Lost Ark Steven Spielberg 1981 Paramount, Lucasfilm Decrease 6
67. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Mike Nichols 1966 Warner Bros. NEW
68. Unforgiven Clint Eastwood 1992 Warner Brothers Increase 30
69. Tootsie Sydney Pollack 1982 Columbia Decrease 7
70. A Clockwork Orange Stanley Kubrick 1971 Warner Brothers Decrease 24
71. Saving Private Ryan Steven Spielberg 1998 DreamWorks NEW
72. The Shawshank Redemption Frank Darabont 1994 Warner Brothers NEW
73. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid George Roy Hill 1969 20th Century Fox Decrease 23
74. The Silence of the Lambs Jonathan Demme 1991 Orion Pictures Decrease 9
75. In the Heat of the Night Norman Jewison 1967 United Artists NEW
76. Forrest Gump Robert Zemeckis 1994 Paramount Decrease 5
77. All the President's Men Alan J. Pakula 1976 Warner Brothers NEW
78. Modern Times Charlie Chaplin 1936 United Artists Increase 3
79. The Wild Bunch Sam Peckinpah 1969 Warner Bros.-Seven Arts Increase 1
80. The Apartment Billy Wilder 1960 United Artists Increase 13
81. Spartacus Stanley Kubrick 1960 Universal-International NEW
82. Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans F. W. Murnau 1927 20th Century Fox NEW
83. Titanic James Cameron 1997 Paramount, 20th Century Fox NEW
84. Easy Rider Dennis Hopper 1969 United Artists Increase 4
85. A Night at the Opera Sam Wood 1935 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer NEW
86. Platoon Oliver Stone 1986 Orion Pictures Decrease 3
87. 12 Angry Men Sidney Lumet 1957 United Artists NEW
88. Bringing Up Baby Howard Hawks 1938 RKO Pictures Increase 9
89. The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan 1999 Hollywood Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment, The Kennedy/Marshall Company NEW
90. Swing Time George Stevens 1936 RKO NEW
91. Sophie's Choice Alan J. Pakula 1982 ITC Entertainment NEW
92. Goodfellas Martin Scorsese 1990 Warner Brothers Increase 2
93. The French Connection William Friedkin 1971 20th Century Fox Decrease 23
94. Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino 1994 Miramax Increase 1
95. The Last Picture Show Peter Bogdanovich 1971 Columbia Pictures NEW
96. Do the Right Thing Spike Lee 1989 Universal, 40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks NEW
97. Blade Runner Ridley Scott 1982 Warner Brothers, The Ladd Company NEW
98. Yankee Doodle Dandy Michael Curtiz 1942 Warner Brothers Increase 2
99. Toy Story John Lasseter 1995 Disney, Pixar NEW
100. Ben-Hur William Wyler 1959 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Decrease 28

Films removed from list

The following films from the 1998 list were left off the 2007 list:

Most films by director

5 films
4 films
3 films
2 films

Changes

  • Of the films that remained on the list, 36 improved their ranking, 38 saw their ranking decline, and three kept their positions: Citizen Kane, The Godfather Part II and The Best Years of Our Lives.
  • Steven Spielberg has the most films of any director on the list with five films. The original version of the list also contained five films by Spielberg, with four films carrying over to the new list and Close Encounters of the Third Kind being replaced by Saving Private Ryan. Stanley Kubrick, Billy Wilder and Alfred Hitchcock tie for second place with four films each making the list.
  • The oldest film to be dropped was D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915), from #44. The oldest film to be added was Griffith's Intolerance (1916) (#49).
  • The newest film removed is Fargo (1996), the newest added The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), which is also the only film on the list released after 1999.
  • The highest-ranked addition was The General at #18. The highest-ranked removal was Doctor Zhivago (#39).
  • The Searchers rose the most, going from #96 to #12. The greatest drop without complete removal was suffered by The African Queen, which went from #17 to #65.
  • Duck Soup, featuring the Marx Brothers, moved up 25 positions to #60. It was replaced at #85 by another film starring the Marx Brothers, A Night at the Opera.
  • 73 of the films were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, and 28 won, including Sunrise (1927) which won the Academy Award for Unique and Artistic Production (an award that was only presented at the first ceremony). The original list has 75 Academy Awards Best Picture nominees and 33 winners.
  • In the 2007 list, eight of the top ten films were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, with five winning. In the original list, nine out of the top ten were nominees, and six won.
  • Two animated films appear on each list. In 1998, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ranked at #49, and Fantasia at #58. Snow White moved up to #34 in 2007, Fantasia was dropped, and Toy Story was added at #99.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Citizen Kane Stands the Test of Time", June 20, 2007, News release about the 2007 list

External links

AFI 100 Years... series

The AFI's 100 Years… series is a series of lists and accompanying CBS television specials from 1998 through 2008 in which the American Film Institute celebrated 100 years of the greatest films in American cinema. The list is intended to ignite interest in classical Hollywood cinema.

A Beautiful Mind (film)

A Beautiful Mind is a 2001 American biographical drama film based on the life of John Nash, a Nobel Laureate in Economics. The film was directed by Ron Howard, from a screenplay written by Akiva Goldsman. It was inspired by a bestselling, Pulitzer Prize-nominated 1998 book of the same name by Sylvia Nasar. The film stars Russell Crowe, along with Ed Harris, Jennifer Connelly, Paul Bettany, Adam Goldberg, Judd Hirsch, Josh Lucas, Anthony Rapp, and Christopher Plummer in supporting roles. The story begins in Nash's days as a graduate student at Princeton University. Early in the film, Nash begins to develop paranoid schizophrenia and endures delusional episodes while watching the burden his condition brings on wife Alicia and friends.

The film opened in the United States cinemas on December 21, 2001. It went on to gross over $313 million worldwide and won four Academy Awards, for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Supporting Actress. It was also nominated for Best Actor, Best Film Editing, Best Makeup and Best Original Score.It was well received by critics, but has been criticized for its inaccurate portrayal of some aspects of Nash's life, especially his other family and a son born out of wedlock. However, the filmmakers have stated that the film was not meant to be a literal representation of Nash's life.

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is a 1969 American Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman (who won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for the film). Based loosely on fact, the film tells the story of Wild West outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known as Butch Cassidy (Paul Newman), and his partner Harry Longabaugh, the "Sundance Kid" (Robert Redford), who are on the run from a crack US posse after a string of train robberies. The pair and Sundance's lover, Etta Place (Katharine Ross), flee to Bolivia in search of a more successful criminal career.

In 2003, the film was selected for the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." The American Film Institute ranked Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid as the 73rd-greatest American film on its "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)" list. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were ranked 20th greatest heroes on "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains". Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid was selected by the American Film Institute as the 7th greatest Western of all time in the AFI's 10 Top 10 list in 2008.

Coming Home (1978 film)

Coming Home is a 1978 American drama film directed by Hal Ashby from a screenplay written by Waldo Salt and Robert C. Jones from a story by Nancy Dowd. It stars Jane Fonda, Jon Voight, Bruce Dern, Penelope Milford, Robert Carradine and Robert Ginty. The film's narrative follows a perplexed woman, her Marine husband, and a paraplegic Vietnam War veteran she meets while her husband is stationed in Vietnam.

The film was released theatrically on February 15, 1978. Upon release, the film was a critical and commercial success with critics acclaiming the direction, screenplay and performances while the film grossed $36 million worldwide against a budget of $3 million becoming the 15th highest-grossing film of 1978, while receiving eight nominations at the 51st Academy Awards, winning the Oscars for Best Actress (Fonda), Best Actor (Voight) and Best Original Screenplay. Coming Home is one of only 12 films in history to be on two lists of rare Oscar accomplishments; nominations for the "Big Five" Oscars and nominations in all acting categories.

Force of Evil

Force of Evil is a 1948 American crime film noir directed by Abraham Polonsky who had already achieved a name for himself as a scriptwriter, most notably for the gritty boxing film Body and Soul (1947). Like Body and Soul, the film starred John Garfield. The film was adapted by Abraham Polonsky and Ira Wolfert from Wolfert's novel Tucker's People. The film marked the first on screen acting role of Beau Bridges.In 1994, Force of Evil was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Frank Capra filmography

The following are the films directed by Frank Capra, along with a listing of his awards.

How Green Was My Valley (film)

How Green Was My Valley is a 1941 drama film directed by John Ford. The film, based on the 1939 novel of the same name by Richard Llewellyn, was produced by Darryl F. Zanuck and scripted by Philip Dunne. The movie features Walter Pidgeon, Maureen O'Hara, Anna Lee, Donald Crisp, and Roddy McDowall. It was nominated for ten Academy Awards, famously beating Citizen Kane for Best Picture along with winning Best Director, Best Cinematography, and Best Supporting Actor.

The movie tells of the Morgans, a hard-working Welsh mining family living in the heart of the South Wales Valleys during the 19th century. The story chronicles life in the South Wales coalfields, the loss of that way of life and its effects on the family. The fictional village in the movie is based on Gilfach Goch; Llewellyn spent many summers there visiting his grandfather, and it served as the inspiration for the novel.In 1990, the movie was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". The Academy Film Archive preserved How Green Was My Valley during 1998.

Kramer vs. Kramer

Kramer vs. Kramer is a 1979 American family legal drama film written and directed by Robert Benton, based on Avery Corman's novel. The film stars Dustin Hoffman, Meryl Streep, Jane Alexander and Justin Henry.

It tells the story of a couple's divorce, its impact on their young son, and the subsequent evolution of their relationship and views on parenting.

The film explores themes of major social issues such as the psychology and fallout of divorce, gender roles, women's rights, fathers' rights, work versus home, and the single parent experience.

Kramer vs. Kramer was theatrically released on December 19, 1979 by Columbia Pictures. It was a major critical and commercial success, grossing $106.3 million on a $8 million budget, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1979 and received a leading nine nominations at the 52nd Academy Awards, winning five: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor (for Hoffman), Best Supporting Actress (for Streep), and Best Adapted Screenplay.

List of accolades received by Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is a 2004 American romantic science-fiction comedy-drama film written by Charlie Kaufman and directed by Michel Gondry. Jim Carrey and Kate Winslet lead the ensemble as an estranged couple who have each other erased from their memories. The film was released in theatres on March 19, 2004, by Focus Features and has since gain cult status. It has grossed over $72 million at box office worldwide.The film received strong critical reviews for its plot structure and performances and received various accolades in different award categories. At 77th Academy Awards, the film won Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for Kauffman, Gondry and Pierre Bismuth. The film received Best Original Screenplay award, including those given by Writers Guild of America, National Board of Review, London Film Critics, and BAFTA, where it additionally won BAFTA Award for Best Editing along with four other nominations including, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Carrey and Winslet, respectively.

Both Carrey and Winslet were recognized for their performance and earned several Best Actor and Best Actress nominations apart from BAFTA, including from Golden Globe Awards, Satellite Awards, and Saturn Awards. In addition, Winslet also received Academy Award for Best Actress nomination and went on to win Best Actress award from Empire Awards, London Film Critics, and Online Film Critics Society, among others. Premiere magazine named Winslet's portrayal of Clementine Kruczynski in the film as the 81st greatest film performance of all time.The film also received nominations from Grammy Awards, César Awards, and AFI. American Film Institute nominated the film for AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) and AFI's 10 Top 10 - Science Fiction Films. Time Out New York ranked the film as the third-best of the decade, while Writers Guild of America awarded the film Best Original Screenplay and ranked the film at #24 on its list of "101 Greatest Screenplays" in 2013.

Love Story (1970 film)

Love Story is a 1970 American romantic drama film written by Erich Segal, who was also the author of the best-selling novel of the same name. It was produced by Howard G. Minsky and directed by Arthur Hiller and starred Ali MacGraw and Ryan O'Neal, alongside John Marley, Ray Milland, and Tommy Lee Jones in his film debut in a minor role.

A tragedy, the film is considered one of the most romantic by the American Film Institute (#9 on the list) and is one of the highest-grossing films of all time. It was followed by a sequel, Oliver's Story (1978), starring O'Neal with Candice Bergen.

Modern Times (film)

Modern Times is a 1936 American comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world. The film is a comment on the desperate employment and financial conditions many people faced during the Great Depression, conditions created, in Chaplin's view, by the efficiencies of modern industrialization. The movie stars Chaplin, Paulette Goddard, Henry Bergman, Tiny Sandford and Chester Conklin.

Modern Times was deemed "culturally significant" by the Library of Congress in 1989, and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Fourteen years later, it was screened "out of competition" at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival.

Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Picture Editing for a Nonfiction Program

The Primetime Emmy Award for Picture Editing for a Nonfiction Program is awarded to one television documentary or nonfiction series each year.

Prior to 2006, nonfiction and reality programs competed together until the Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming category was created.

In the following list, the first titles listed in gold are the winners; those not in gold are nominees, which are listed in alphabetical order. The years given are those in which the ceremonies took place.

Requiem for a Dream

Requiem for a Dream is a 2000 American psychological tragedy film directed by Darren Aronofsky and starring Ellen Burstyn, Jared Leto, Jennifer Connelly, and Marlon Wayans. The film is based on the novel of the same name by Hubert Selby, Jr., with whom Aronofsky wrote the screenplay.

The film depicts four different forms of drug addiction, which lead to each character being imprisoned in a world of delusion and reckless desperation that is subsequently overtaken by reality, thus leaving them as hollow shells of their former selves.Requiem for a Dream was screened out of competition at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival and received positive reviews from critics upon its U.S. release. Burstyn was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance.

Sullivan's Travels

Sullivan's Travels is a 1941 American comedy film written and directed by Preston Sturges. It is a satire about Hollywood's top director of comedies, played by Joel McCrea, who longs to make a socially relevant drama, but eventually learns that creating laughter is his greatest contribution to society. The film features one of Veronica Lake's first leading roles. The title is a reference to Gulliver's Travels, the famous novel by satirist Jonathan Swift about another journey of self-discovery.

Sullivan's Travels received mixed critical reception, varying from the New York Times calling it "the most brilliant picture yet this year", praising Sturges's mix of escapist fun with underlying significance, and naming it as one of the ten best films of 1941 to The Hollywood Reporter claiming it lacked the "down to earth quality and sincerity which made [Sturges's] other three pictures of 1941 – The Great McGinty, The Lady Eve, and Christmas in July – "a joy to behold".

Over time, the film's reputation has improved tremendously, being described by media historian Hal Erickson as a "classic", "one of the finest movies about movies ever made" and a "masterpiece". In 1990, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."

Swing Time (film)

Swing Time is a 1936 American RKO musical comedy film set mainly in New York City, and starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. It features Helen Broderick, Victor Moore, Betty Furness, Eric Blore and Georges Metaxa, with music by Jerome Kern and lyrics by Dorothy Fields. The film was directed by George Stevens.

Noted dance critic Arlene Croce considers Swing Time Astaire and Rogers' best dance musical, a view shared by John Mueller and Hannah Hyam. It features four dance routines that are each regarded as masterpieces. According to The Oxford Companion to the American Musical, Swing Time is "a strong candidate for the best of the Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers musicals". The Oxford Companion says that, although the screenplay is contrived, it "left plenty of room for dance and all of it was superb. … Although the movie is remembered as one of the great dance musicals, it also boasts one of the best film scores of the 1930s." "Never Gonna Dance" is often singled out as the partnership's and collaborator Hermes Pan's most profound achievement in filmed dance, while "The Way You Look Tonight" won the Academy Award for Best Original Song and went on to become Astaire's most successful hit record, scoring first place in the U.S. charts in 1936. Jerome Kern's score, the second of two he composed specially for Astaire, contains three of his most memorable songs.The film's plot has been criticized, though, as has the performance of Metaxa. More praised is Rogers' acting and dancing performance. Rogers herself credited much of the film's success to Stevens: "He gave us a certain quality, I think, that made it stand out above the others." Swing Time also marked the beginning of a decline in popularity of the Astaire–Rogers partnership among the general public, with box office receipts falling faster than usual, after a successful opening. Nevertheless, the film was a sizable hit, costing $886,000, grossing over $2,600,000 worldwide, and showing a net profit of $830,000. The partnership never again regained the creative heights scaled in this and previous films.In 1999 Swing Time was one of Entertainment Weekly's top 100 films. In 2004 it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". In the new AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) it has been added at #90.

The Apartment

The Apartment is a 1960 American romantic comedy film, produced and directed by Billy Wilder from a screenplay he co-wrote with I. A. L. Diamond, starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine. The supporting cast are Fred MacMurray, Ray Walston, Jack Kruschen, David Lewis, Willard Waterman, David White, Hope Holiday, and Edie Adams.

The story follows C. C. “Bud” Baxter (Lemmon), an insurance clerk who, in the hope of climbing the corporate ladder, lets more-senior coworkers use his Upper West Side apartment to conduct extramarital affairs. Bud is attracted to the elevator operator, Fran Kubelik (MacLaine) who in turn is having an affair with Bud's immediate boss, Sheldrake (MacMurray).

The Apartment was distributed by United Artists to favorable reviews and commercial success, despite controversy owing to its subject matter. At the 33rd Academy Awards, The Apartment was nominated for ten awards and won five, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Screenplay. Lemmon and MacLaine were Oscar-nominated and won Golden Globe Awards for their performances in the film. It provided the basis for Promises, Promises, a 1968 Broadway musical by Burt Bacharach, Hal David, and Neil Simon.

In the years since its release, The Apartment has come to be regarded as one of the greatest films ever made, appearing in lists by the American Film Institute and Sight and Sound magazine, and being selected by the United States Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry.

The Gold Rush

The Gold Rush is a 1925 American comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite.

Chaplin drew inspiration from photos of the Klondike Gold Rush as well as from the story of the Donner Party who, when snowbound in the Sierra Nevada, were driven to cannibalism or eating leather from their shoes. Chaplin, who believed tragedies and comics were not far from each other, decided to combine these stories of deprivation and horror in comedy. He decided that his famous rogue figure should become a gold-digger who joins a brave optimist determined to face all the pitfalls associated with the search for gold, such as sickness, hunger, loneliness, or the possibility that he may at any time be attacked by a grizzly. In the movie, scenes like Chaplin cooking and dreaming of his shoe, or how his starving friend Big Jim sees him as a chicken could be seen.

The Gold Rush received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942. It is today one of Chaplin's most celebrated works, and he himself declared several times that it was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered.

The Graduate

The Graduate is a 1967 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Mike Nichols and written by Buck Henry and Calder Willingham, based on the 1963 novel of the same name by Charles Webb, who wrote it shortly after graduating from Williams College. The film tells the story of 21-year-old Benjamin Braddock (Dustin Hoffman), a recent college graduate with no well-defined aim in life, who is seduced by an older woman, Mrs. Robinson (Anne Bancroft), and then falls in love with her daughter Elaine (Katharine Ross).

The film was released on December 22, 1967, received positive reviews and grossed $104.9 million in the U.S. and Canada. With the figures adjusted for inflation, the film's gross is $789 million, making it the 22nd highest-ever grossing film in the U.S. and Canada. It won the Academy Award for Best Director and was nominated in six other categories. In 1996, The Graduate was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." Initially, the film was placed at number 7 on AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies list in 1998. When AFI revised the list in 2007, the film was moved to number 17.

Tootsie

Tootsie is a 1982 American comedy film directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Dustin Hoffman, with a supporting cast that includes Jessica Lange, Teri Garr, Dabney Coleman, Bill Murray, Charles Durning, George Gaynes, Geena Davis, Doris Belack and Pollack. The film tells the story of a talented but volatile actor whose reputation for being difficult forces him to adopt a new identity as a woman in order to land a job. The film was adapted by Larry Gelbart, Barry Levinson (uncredited), Elaine May (uncredited), and Murray Schisgal from a story by Gelbart and Don McGuire.

The film was a major critical and financial success, the second most profitable film of 1982, and was nominated for ten Academy Awards including Best Picture. Lange was the only winner, for Best Supporting Actress.

In 1998, the Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.

The theme song, "It Might Be You", was performed by Stephen Bishop, with music by Dave Grusin and lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman. It was a Top 40 hit in the United States and hit No. 1 on the adult contemporary chart.

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