The first of the AFI 100 Years... series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies. The 100-best list was unveiled in 1998.
|AFI 100 Years... series|
|2003||100 Heroes & Villains|
|2005||100 Movie Quotes|
|2007||100 Movies (Updated)|
|2008||AFI's 10 Top 10|
A 145-minute presentation of the 100 films aired on CBS on June 16, 1998.
Another version of the same 460-minute program was produced by Monique De Villiers and John Heyman from A World Production company to British television and market featuring different interviews and each segment being hosted by British talents in the following order:
Films were judged according to the following criteria.
|Film||Release year||Director||1998 rank||2007 rank||Change|
|Citizen Kane||1941||Orson Welles||1||1||0|
|The Godfather||1972||Francis Ford Coppola||3||2||1|
|Gone with the Wind||1939||Victor Fleming||4||6||2|
|Lawrence of Arabia||1962||David Lean||5||7||2|
|The Wizard of Oz||1939||Victor Fleming||6||10||4|
|The Graduate||1967||Mike Nichols||7||17||10|
|On the Waterfront||1954||Elia Kazan||8||19||11|
|Schindler's List||1993||Steven Spielberg||9||8||1|
|Singin' in the Rain||1952||Gene Kelly||10||5||5|
|It's a Wonderful Life||1946||Frank Capra||11||20||9|
|Sunset Boulevard||1950||Billy Wilder||12||16||4|
|The Bridge on the River Kwai||1957||David Lean||13||36||23|
|Some Like It Hot||1959||Billy Wilder||14||22||8|
|Star Wars||1977||George Lucas||15||13||2|
|All About Eve||1950||Joseph L. Mankiewicz||16||28||12|
|The African Queen||1951||John Huston||17||65||48|
|The General||1926||Buster Keaton||—||18||—|
|One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest||1975||Miloš Forman||20||33||13|
|The Grapes of Wrath||1940||John Ford||21||23||2|
|2001: A Space Odyssey||1968||Stanley Kubrick||22||15||7|
|The Maltese Falcon||1941||John Huston||23||31||8|
|Raging Bull||1980||Martin Scorsese||24||4||20|
|E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial||1982||Steven Spielberg||25||24||1|
|Dr. Strangelove||1964||Stanley Kubrick||26||39||13|
|Bonnie and Clyde||1967||Arthur Penn||27||42||15|
|Apocalypse Now||1979||Francis Ford Coppola||28||30||2|
|Mr. Smith Goes to Washington||1939||Frank Capra||29||26||3|
|The Treasure of the Sierra Madre||1948||John Huston||30||38||8|
|Annie Hall||1977||Woody Allen||31||35||4|
|The Godfather Part II||1974||Francis Ford Coppola||32||32||0|
|High Noon||1952||Fred Zinnemann||33||27||6|
|To Kill a Mockingbird||1962||Robert Mulligan||34||25||9|
|It Happened One Night||1934||Frank Capra||35||46||11|
|Midnight Cowboy||1969||John Schlesinger||36||43||7|
|The Best Years of Our Lives||1946||William Wyler||37||37||0|
|Double Indemnity||1944||Billy Wilder||38||29||9|
|Doctor Zhivago||1965||David Lean||39||—||—|
|North by Northwest||1959||Alfred Hitchcock||40||55||15|
|West Side Story||1961||Robert Wise||41||51||10|
|Rear Window||1954||Alfred Hitchcock||42||48||6|
|King Kong||1933||Merian C. Cooper||43||41||2|
|The Birth of a Nation||1915||D. W. Griffith||44||—||—|
|A Streetcar Named Desire||1951||Elia Kazan||45||47||2|
|A Clockwork Orange||1971||Stanley Kubrick||46||70||24|
|Taxi Driver||1976||Martin Scorsese||47||52||5|
|Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs||1937||David Hand, et al.||49||34||15|
|Intolerance||1916||D. W. Griffith||—||49||—|
|Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid||1969||George Roy Hill||50||73||23|
|The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring||2001||Peter Jackson||—||50||—|
|The Philadelphia Story||1940||George Cukor||51||44||7|
|From Here to Eternity||1953||Fred Zinnemann||52||—||—|
|All Quiet on the Western Front||1930||Lewis Milestone||54||—||—|
|The Sound of Music||1965||Robert Wise||55||40||15|
|The Third Man||1949||Carol Reed||57||—||—|
|Rebel Without a Cause||1955||Nicholas Ray||59||—||—|
|Raiders of the Lost Ark||1981||Steven Spielberg||60||66||6|
|Sullivan's Travels||1941||Preston Sturges||—||61||—|
|Close Encounters of the Third Kind||1977||Steven Spielberg||64||—||—|
|The Silence of the Lambs||1991||Jonathan Demme||65||74||9|
|The Manchurian Candidate||1962||John Frankenheimer||67||—||—|
|Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?||1966||Mike Nichols||—||67||—|
|An American in Paris||1951||Vincente Minnelli||68||—||—|
|The French Connection||1971||William Friedkin||70||93||23|
|Forrest Gump||1994||Robert Zemeckis||71||76||5|
|Saving Private Ryan||1998||Steven Spielberg||—||71||—|
|The Shawshank Redemption||1994||Frank Darabont||—||72||—|
|Wuthering Heights||1939||William Wyler||73||—||—|
|The Gold Rush||1925||Charlie Chaplin||74||58||16|
|Dances with Wolves||1990||Kevin Costner||75||—||—|
|In the Heat of the Night||1967||Norman Jewison||—||75||—|
|City Lights||1931||Charlie Chaplin||76||11||65|
|American Graffiti||1973||George Lucas||77||62||15|
|All the President's Men||1976||Alan J. Pakula||—||77||—|
|Rocky||1976||John G. Avildsen||78||57||21|
|The Deer Hunter||1978||Michael Cimino||79||53||26|
|The Wild Bunch||1969||Sam Peckinpah||80||79||1|
|Modern Times||1936||Charlie Chaplin||81||78||3|
|Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans||1927||F. W. Murnau||—||82||—|
|Duck Soup||1933||Leo McCarey||85||60||25|
|A Night at the Opera||1935||Sam Wood||—||85||—|
|Mutiny on the Bounty||1935||Frank Lloyd||86||—||—|
|12 Angry Men||1957||Sidney Lumet||—||87||—|
|Easy Rider||1969||Dennis Hopper||88||84||4|
|Patton||1970||Franklin J. Schaffner||89||—||—|
|The Sixth Sense||1999||M. Night Shyamalan||—||89||—|
|The Jazz Singer||1927||Alan Crosland||90||—||—|
|Swing Time||1936||George Stevens||—||90||—|
|My Fair Lady||1964||George Cukor||91||—||—|
|Sophie's Choice||1982||Alan J. Pakula||—||91||—|
|A Place in the Sun||1951||George Stevens||92||—||—|
|The Apartment||1960||Billy Wilder||93||80||13|
|Pulp Fiction||1994||Quentin Tarantino||95||94||1|
|The Last Picture Show||1971||Peter Bogdanovich||—||95||—|
|The Searchers||1956||John Ford||96||12||84|
|Do the Right Thing||1989||Spike Lee||—||96||—|
|Bringing Up Baby||1938||Howard Hawks||97||88||9|
|Blade Runner||1982||Ridley Scott||—||97||—|
|Guess Who's Coming to Dinner||1967||Stanley Kramer||99||—||—|
|Toy Story||1995||John Lasseter||—||99||—|
|Yankee Doodle Dandy||1942||Michael Curtiz||100||98||2|
Twenty-three films from the original top 100 films list were removed in 2007:
Four films released between 1996 and 2006 were added:
Nineteen films made before 1996 were also added:
As with awards, the list of those who vote and the final vote tally are not released to the public, nor the criteria for how the 400 nominated films have been selected.
On June 26, 1998, the Chicago Reader published an article by film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum which offers a detailed response to the movies in the AFI list, as well as criticism of the AFI's appropriation of British films, such as Lawrence of Arabia and The Third Man. Rosenbaum also produced an alternative list of 100 American movies that he felt had been overlooked by the AFI. Rosenbaum chose to present this alternative list alphabetically since to rank them according to merit would be "tantamount to ranking oranges over apples or declaring cherries superior to grapes."
The AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) list includes five titles from Rosenbaum's list, and the accompanying promotional poster lists the titles in alphabetical order.
AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies – 10th Anniversary Edition was the 2007 updated version of 100 Years… 100 Movies. The original list was first unveiled in 1998.AFI 100 Years... series
The AFI's 100 Years… series is a series of lists and accompanying CBS television specials from 1998 through 2008 in which the American Film Institute celebrated 100 years of the greatest films in American cinema. The list is intended to ignite interest in classical Hollywood cinema.A Night at the Opera (film)
A Night at the Opera is a 1935 American comedy film starring the Marx Brothers, and featuring Kitty Carlisle, Allan Jones, Margaret Dumont, Sig Ruman, and Walter Woolf King. It was the first of five films the Marx Brothers made for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer after their departure from Paramount Pictures, and the first after Zeppo left the act. The film was adapted by George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Al Boasberg (uncredited) from a story by James Kevin McGuinness. It was directed by Sam Wood.
A smash hit at the box office, A Night at the Opera was selected in 1993 for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". It is also included in the 2007 update of AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies, at number 85; and previously in AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs 2000 showing, at number 12.Bob Gazzale
Bob Gazzale, is an American film historian and television producer. He became the American Film Institute's third president and CEO in November 2007.Gazzale is from California. He graduated from the University of Virginia, where he helped to launch the Virginia Festival of American Film in 1988. Gazzale was director of the festival until 1992, producing over 200 events. It featured film industry individuals such as James Stewart, Gregory Peck, and Charlton Heston.
Gazzale joined the American Film Institute in 1992 and has held various positions including Director, AFI National Programs in New York and Director, AFI Productions in Los Angeles. He has been writer and producer of the AFI Life Achievement Award telecasts for twelve years and worked on the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies series. He also created the format for the AFI Awards, as well as the "AFI Night at the Movies". He won an Emmy in 2014.Broadcast News (film)
Broadcast News is a 1987 American romantic comedy-drama film written, produced and directed by James L. Brooks. The film concerns a virtuoso television news producer (Holly Hunter), who has daily emotional breakdowns, a brilliant yet prickly reporter (Albert Brooks) and his charismatic but far less seasoned rival (William Hurt). It also stars Robert Prosky, Lois Chiles, Joan Cusack, and Jack Nicholson (billed only in the end credits) as the evening news anchor.
In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."Dodsworth (film)
Dodsworth is a 1936 American drama film directed by William Wyler and starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton, Paul Lukas and Mary Astor. Sidney Howard based the screenplay on his 1934 stage adaptation of the 1929 novel of the same name by Sinclair Lewis. Huston reprised his stage role.
The center of the film is a study of a marriage in crisis. Recently retired auto magnate Samuel Dodsworth and his narcissistic wife Fran, while on a grand European tour, discover that they want very different things out of life, straining their marriage.
The film was critically praised and nominated for several Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor for Huston, and Best Director for Wyler (the first of his record twelve nominations in that category). Dodsworth was nominated for AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies in 1997 and 2007.Force of Evil
Force of Evil is a 1948 American crime film noir directed by Abraham Polonsky who had already achieved a name for himself as a scriptwriter, most notably for the gritty boxing film Body and Soul (1947). Like Body and Soul, the film starred John Garfield. The film was adapted by Abraham Polonsky and Ira Wolfert from Wolfert's novel Tucker's People. The film marked the first on screen acting role of Beau Bridges.In 1994, Force of Evil was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".List of awards and nominations received by Alfred Hitchcock
The following is a list of awards and nominations received by English film director and producer Sir Alfred Hitchcock, chronicling his achievements in the film industry.
The six-times Academy Awards-nominee and four times the Emmy Awards demonstrably won eight Golden Laurel Awards, two Golden Globes, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, the AFI Life Achievement Award, the Directors Guild of America Award, the Film Society of Lincoln Center's Gala Tribute Award, the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures Award, the New York Film Critics Circle Award, and the Saturn Award. In England, Hitchcock was honored by the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award and made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by the Queen Elizabeth II. Apart from his three Cannes Film Festival nominations, he also received two Silver Shell Awards at San Sebastián International Film Festival in Spain, the Jussi Award in Finland, the Kinema Junpo Award in Japan, the Mention Award at Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland, and at Venice Film Festival in Italy a Golden Lion nomination. In addition, six of movies directed by Hitchcock were inducted into the National Film Registry and four of them are listed in the American Film Institute list of the 100 greatest American movies of all time (along with Vertigo, which was ranked as the Best Mystery Movie Ever). Two other his pictures entered the list of the 100 Greatest British Films of the 20th Century, released by British Film Institute in UK.Modern Times (film)
Modern Times is a 1936 American comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world. The film is a comment on the desperate employment and financial conditions many people faced during the Great Depression, conditions created, in Chaplin's view, by the efficiencies of modern industrialization. The movie stars Chaplin, Paulette Goddard, Henry Bergman, Tiny Sandford and Chester Conklin.
Modern Times was deemed "culturally significant" by the Library of Congress in 1989, and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Fourteen years later, it was screened "out of competition" at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival.Moonstruck
Moonstruck is a 1987 American romantic comedy film directed by Norman Jewison and written by John Patrick Shanley. It is about a widowed, 37-year-old, Italian-American woman who falls in love with her fiancé's estranged, hot-tempered younger brother.
The film was released on December 16, 1987 in New York City, and then nationally on January 15, 1988. It was nominated for six Oscars at the 60th Academy Awards, winning for Best Original Screenplay, Best Actress (Cher), and Best Supporting Actress (Olympia Dukakis).Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (a.k.a. A Gentleman Goes to Town and Opera Hat) is a 1936 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Capra, starring Gary Cooper and Jean Arthur in her first featured role. Based on the 1935 short story Opera Hat by Clarence Budington Kelland, which appeared in serial form in The American Magazine, the screenplay was written by Robert Riskin in his fifth collaboration with Frank Capra.Platoon (film)
Platoon is a 1986 American anti-war film written and directed by Oliver Stone, starring Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, Charlie Sheen, Keith David, Kevin Dillon, John C. McGinley, Forest Whitaker, and Johnny Depp. It is the first film of a trilogy of Vietnam War films directed by Stone, followed by Born on the Fourth of July (1989) and Heaven & Earth (1993). The film, based on Stone's experience from the war, follows a U.S. Army volunteer (Sheen) fighting in the war while his two sergeants (Berenger and Dafoe) argue over the leadership of the platoon.
Stone wrote the screenplay based upon his experiences as a U.S. infantryman in Vietnam, to counter the vision of the war portrayed in John Wayne's The Green Berets. Although having written films such as Midnight Express and Scarface, Stone struggled to get the film developed until Hemdale Film Corporation acquired the project along with Salvador. Filming took place in the Philippines in February 1986 and lasted 54 days. Platoon was the first Hollywood film to be written and directed by a veteran of the Vietnam War.Upon its release, Platoon received critical acclaim for Stone's directing and screenplay, the performances, cinematography, battle sequences, and realism. The film was a box office success upon its release, grossing $138.5 million domestically against its $6 million budget. The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards at the 59th Academy Awards, and won four including Best Picture, Best Director for Stone, Best Sound and Best Film Editing. In 1998, the American Film Institute placed Platoon at #83 in their "AFI's 100 Years ... 100 Movies" poll.Rear Window
Rear Window is a 1954 American Technicolor mystery thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and written by John Michael Hayes based on Cornell Woolrich's 1942 short story "It Had to Be Murder". Originally released by Paramount Pictures, the film stars James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter, and Raymond Burr. It was screened at the 1954 Venice Film Festival.
The film is considered by many filmgoers, critics, and scholars to be one of Hitchcock's best and one of the greatest films ever made. It received four Academy Award nominations and was ranked number 42 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list and number 48 on the 10th-anniversary edition, and in 1997 was added to the United States National Film Registry in the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".Shane (film)
Shane is a 1953 American Technicolor Western film from Paramount Pictures, noted for its landscape cinematography, editing, performances, and contributions to the genre. The picture was produced and directed by George Stevens from a screenplay by A. B. Guthrie Jr., based on the 1949 novel of the same name by Jack Schaefer. Its Oscar-winning cinematography was by Loyal Griggs. Shane stars Alan Ladd and Jean Arthur in the last feature (and only color) film of her career. The film also stars Van Heflin and features Brandon deWilde, Jack Palance, Emile Meyer, Elisha Cook Jr., and Ben Johnson.Shane was listed No. 45 in the 2007 edition of AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list, and No. 3 on AFI's 10 Top 10 in the 'Western' category.Sons of the Desert
Sons of the Desert is a 1933 American Pre-Code film starring Laurel and Hardy, and directed by William A. Seiter. It was first released in the United States on December 29, 1933 and is regarded as one of Laurel and Hardy's best films. In the United Kingdom, the film was originally released under the title Fraternally Yours.
In 2012, the film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.The Gold Rush
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite.
Chaplin drew inspiration from photos of the Klondike Gold Rush as well as from the story of the Donner Party who, when snowbound in the Sierra Nevada, were driven to cannibalism or eating leather from their shoes. Chaplin, who believed tragedies and comics were not far from each other, decided to combine these stories of deprivation and horror in comedy. He decided that his famous rogue figure should become a gold-digger who joins a brave optimist determined to face all the pitfalls associated with the search for gold, such as sickness, hunger, loneliness, or the possibility that he may at any time be attacked by a grizzly. In the movie, scenes like Chaplin cooking and dreaming of his shoe, or how his starving friend Big Jim sees him as a chicken could be seen.
The Gold Rush received Academy Award nominations for the Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942. It is today one of Chaplin's most celebrated works, and he himself declared several times that it was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered.The Graduate
The Graduate is a 1967 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Mike Nichols and written by Buck Henry and Calder Willingham, based on the 1963 novel of the same name by Charles Webb, who wrote it shortly after graduating from Williams College. The film tells the story of 21-year-old Benjamin Braddock (Dustin Hoffman), a recent college graduate with no well-defined aim in life, who is seduced by an older woman, Mrs. Robinson (Anne Bancroft), and then falls in love with her daughter Elaine (Katharine Ross).
The film was released on December 22, 1967, received positive reviews and grossed $104.9 million in the U.S. and Canada. With the figures adjusted for inflation, the film's gross is $789 million, making it the 22nd highest-ever grossing film in the U.S. and Canada. It won the Academy Award for Best Director and was nominated in six other categories. In 1996, The Graduate was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." Initially, the film was placed at number 7 on AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies list in 1998. When AFI revised the list in 2007, the film was moved to number 17.The Miracle of Morgan's Creek
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek is a 1944 screwball comedy film written and directed by Preston Sturges, starring Eddie Bracken and Betty Hutton, and featuring Diana Lynn, William Demarest and Porter Hall. Brian Donlevy and Akim Tamiroff reprise their roles from Sturges' 1940 film The Great McGinty.
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek, which was filmed in 1942 and early 1943, but not released until 1944, was nominated for a 1945 Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and, in 2001, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". The film ranks #54 on the American Film Institute's 100 Years... 100 Laughs list of the top 100 funniest films in movie history.
The 1958 film Rock-A-Bye Baby, starring Jerry Lewis, was loosely based on The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Preston Sturges received a credit for that film, but did not actually participate in the project.
This is one of the few sound films before 1950 of Paramount that do not belong to EMKA, along with Sorry, Wrong Number and The Buccaneer.Victor Fleming
Victor Lonzo Fleming (February 23, 1889 – January 6, 1949) was an American film director, cinematographer, and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director. Fleming has those same two films listed in the top 10 of the American Film Institute's 2007 AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list.