ACT (test)

The ACT (/eɪ siː tiː/; originally an abbreviation of American College Testing)[10] is a standardized test used for college admissions in the United States. It is currently administered by ACT, a nonprofit organization of the same name.[10] The ACT test covers four academic skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. It also offers an optional direct writing test. It is accepted by all four-year colleges and universities in the United States as well as more than 225 universities outside of the U.S.

The main four ACT test sections are individually scored on a scale of 1–36, and a composite score (the rounded whole number average of the four sections) is provided.

The ACT was first introduced in November 1959 by University of Iowa professor Everett Franklin Lindquist as a competitor to the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT).[11] The ACT originally consisted of four tests: English, Mathematics, Social Studies, and Natural Sciences. In 1989, however, the Social Studies test was changed into a Reading section (which included a social sciences subsection), and the Natural Sciences test was renamed the Science Reasoning test, with more emphasis on problem-solving skills as opposed to memorizing scientific facts.[12] In February 2005, an optional Writing Test was added to the ACT. By the fall of 2017, computer-based ACT tests were available for school-day testing in limited school districts in the US, with greater availability expected in fall of 2018.[13]

The ACT has seen a gradual increase in the number of test takers since its inception, and in 2012 the ACT surpassed the SAT for the first time in total test takers; that year, 1,666,017 students took the ACT and 1,664,479 students took the SAT.[14]

ACT logo
TypePaper-based and computer based standardized test
Developer / administratorACT, Inc.
Knowledge / skills testedEnglish, math, reading, science, writing (optional).
PurposeUndergraduate admissions (mostly in the US and Canadian universities or colleges).
Year started1959
DurationEnglish: 45 minutes,
Math: 60 minutes,
Reading: 35 minutes,
Science: 35 minutes,
Optional writing test: 40 minutes.
Total: 3 hours and 35 minutes (excluding breaks).[1]
Score / grade rangeComposite score: 1 to 36,
Subscore (for each of the four subject areas): 1 to 36.
(All in 1-point increments.)[2]
OfferedUS and Canada: 7 times a year.[3]
Other countries: 5 times a year.[4]
Countries / regionsWorldwide[5][6]
Annual number of test takersDecrease Over 1.91 million high school graduates in the class of 2018[7]
Prerequisites / eligibility criteriaNo official prerequisite. Intended for high school students. Fluency in English assumed.
FeeWithout writing: US$46.00.
With writing: US$62.50.
Outside the US or Canada: $47.50 surcharge in addition to the above amounts[8] (Fee waivers are available for 11th or 12th grade students who are US citizens or testing in the US or US territories, and have demonstrated financial need.[9])
Scores / grades used byColleges or universities offering undergraduate programs (mostly in the US and Canada).


ACT, Inc., says that the ACT assessment measures high school students' general educational development and their capability to complete college-level work with the multiple choice tests covering four skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science. The optional Writing Test measures skill in planning and writing a short essay.[15] Specifically, ACT states that its scores provide an indicator of "college readiness", and that scores in each of the subtests correspond to skills in entry-level college courses in English, algebra, social science, humanities, and biology.[16] According to a research study conducted by ACT, Inc. in 2003, there was a relationship between a student's ACT composite score and the probability of him or her earning a college degree.[17]

To develop the test, ACT incorporates the objectives for instruction from middle and high schools throughout the United States, reviews approved textbooks for subjects taught in Grades 7–12, and surveys educators on which knowledge skills are relevant to success in postsecondary education. ACT publishes a technical manual that summarizes studies conducted on its validity in predicting freshman GPA, equating different high school GPAs, and measuring educational achievement.[18]

Colleges use the ACT and the SAT because there are substantial differences in funding, curricula, grading, and difficulty among U.S. secondary schools due to American federalism, local control, the prevalence of private, distance, homeschooled students, and lack of a rigorous college entrance examination system similar those used in some other countries. ACT scores are used to supplement the secondary school record and help admission officers put local data—such as coursework, grades, and class rank—in a national perspective.[19]

The majority of colleges do not indicate a preference for the SAT or ACT exams and accept both, being treated equally by most admissions officers.[20] According to "Uni in the USA," colleges that also require students to take the SAT Subject Tests do so regardless of whether the candidate took the SAT or ACT;[20] however, some colleges accept the ACT in place of the SAT subject tests[21] and some accept the optional ACT Writing section in place of an SAT Subject Test.[22]

Most colleges use ACT scores as only one factor in the admission process. A sampling of ACT admissions scores shows that the 75th percentile composite score was 24.1 at public four-year institutions and 25.3 at private four-year institutions. Students should check with their prospective institutions directly to understand ACT admissions requirements.

In addition, some states and individual school districts have used the ACT to assess the student learning and/or the performance of schools, requiring all high school students to take the ACT, regardless of whether they are college bound. Colorado and Illinois were the first to incorporate the ACT as part of their mandatory testing program in 2001. Other states followed suit in subsequent years. During the 2018–2019 school year, 13 states will administer the ACT test to all public school 11th graders, and another six states will fund ACT test administration as an option or choice for districts.

While the exact manner in which ACT scores will help to determine admission of a student at American institutions of higher learning is generally a matter decided by the individual institution, some foreign countries have made ACT (and SAT) scores a legal criterion in deciding whether holders of American high school diplomas will be admitted at their public universities.

This map of the United States shows the states in which (blue color) more seniors in the class of 2017 took the SAT than the ACT, and the states in which (red color) more seniors took the ACT than the SAT.

The ACT is more widely used in the Midwestern, Rocky Mountain, and Southern United States, whereas the SAT is more popular on the East and West coasts. Recently, however, the ACT is being used more on the East Coast.[23] Use of the ACT by colleges has risen as a result of various criticisms of the effectiveness and fairness of the SAT.


The required portion of the ACT is divided into four multiple choice subject tests: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. Subject test scores range from 1 to 36; all scores are integers. The English, mathematics, and reading tests also have subscores ranging from 1 to 18 (the subject score is not the sum of the subscores). In addition, students taking the optional writing test receive a writing score ranging from 2 to 12 (this is a change from the previous 1–36 score range); the writing score does not affect the composite score. The ACT has eliminated the combined English/writing score and has added two new combined scores: ELA (an average of the English, Reading, and Writing scores) and STEM (an average of the Math and Science scores).[24][25] These changes for the writing, ELA, and STEM scores were effective starting with the September 2015 test.[26]

Each question answered correctly is worth one raw point, and there is no penalty for marking incorrect answers on the multiple-choice parts of the test; a student can answer all questions without a decrease in their score due to incorrect answers. This is parallel to several AP Tests eliminating the penalties for incorrect answers. To improve the result, students can retake the test: 55% of students who retake the ACT improve their scores, 22% score the same, and 23% see their scores decrease.[27]


The first section is the 45-minute English test covering usage/mechanics, sentence structure, and rhetorical skills. The 75-question test consists of five passages with various sections underlined on one side of the page and options to correct the underlined portions on the other side of the page. Specifically, questions focus on usage and mechanics – issues such as commas, apostrophes, (misplaced/dangling) modifiers, colons, and fragments and run-ons – as well as on rhetorical skills – style (clarity and brevity), strategy, transitions, and organization (sentences in a paragraph and paragraphs in a passage) – and sentence structure – constructing sentences in a stylistically and grammatically correct manner.


The second section is a 60-minute, 60-question math test with the usual distribution of questions being approximately 14 covering pre-algebra, 10 elementary algebra, 9 intermediate algebra, 14 plane geometry, 9 coordinate geometry, and 4 elementary trigonometry questions.[28] However, the distribution of question topics varies from test to test. The difficulty of questions usually increases as you get to higher question numbers. Calculators are permitted in this section only. The calculator requirements are stricter than the SAT's in that computer algebra systems (such as the TI-89) are not allowed; however, the ACT permits calculators with paper tapes, that make noise (but must be disabled), or that have power cords with certain "modifications" (i.e., disabling the mentioned features), which the SAT does not allow.[29] Standard graphing calculators, such as the TI-83 and TI-84, are allowed. Within the TI-Nspire family, the standard and CX versions are allowed while the CX CAS is not. This is the only section that has five answer choices per question instead of four.


The reading section is a 35-minute, 40-question test that consists of four sections, three of which contain one long prose passage and one which contains two shorter prose passages. The passages are representative of the levels and kinds of text commonly encountered in first-year college curricula. This reading test assesses skills in three general categories: key ideas and details, craft and structure, and integration of knowledge and ideas. Test questions will usually ask students to derive meaning from texts referring to what is explicitly stated or by reasoning to determine implicit meanings. Specifically, questions will ask you to use referring and reasoning skills to determine main ideas; locate and interpret significant details; understand sequences of events; make comparisons; comprehend cause-effect relationships; determine the meaning of context-dependent words, phrases, and statements; draw generalizations; and analyze the author’s or narrator’s voice and method.[30]


The science test is a 35-minute, 40-question test. There are seven passages each followed by five to seven questions. The passages have three different formats: Data Representation, Research Summary, and Conflicting Viewpoints. While the format used to be very predictable (i.e. there were always three Data Representation passages with 5 questions following each, 3 Research Summary passages with six questions each, and one Conflicting Viewpoints passage with 7 questions),[31] when the number of passages was reduced from 7 to 6, more variability in the number of each passage type started to appear. But so far, there is still always only one Conflicting Viewpoints passage. These changes are very recent, and the only reference to them so far is in the recently released practice test on the ACT website.[32]


The optional writing section, which is always administered at the end of the test, is 40 minutes (increasing from the original 30-minute time limit on the September 2015 test). While no particular essay structure is required, the essays must be in response to a given prompt; the prompts are about broad social issues (changing from the old prompts which were directly applicable to teenagers), and students must analyze three different perspectives given and show how their opinion relates to these perspectives. The essay does not affect the composite score or the English section score; it is only given as a separate writing score and is included in the ELA score. Two trained readers assign each essay subscores between 1 and 6 in four different categories: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, Language Use and Conventions. Scores of 0 are reserved for essays that are blank, off-topic, non-English, not written with a no. 2 pencil, or considered illegible after several attempts at reading. The subscores from the two different readers are summed to produce final domain scores from 2 to 12 (or 0) in each of the four categories. If the two readers' subscores differ by more than one point, then a senior third reader makes the final decision on the score. The four domain scores are combined through a process that has not been described to create a writing section score between 1 and 36. Note that the domain scores are not added to create the writing section score.[25][33]

Although the writing section is optional, many colleges require an essay score and will factor it into the admissions decision (but fewer than half of all colleges have this requirement).[34]


Historical Average ACT Scores
Historical average ACT scores of college-bound seniors.
Average ACT Composite Scores by State (2014).pdf
This map shows the mean ACT composite scores of students within the United States in 2014

For the original standardization groups, the mean composite score on the ACT was 18, and the standard deviation 6.[35] These statistics vary from year to year for current populations of ACT takers.

The chart below summarizes each section and the average test score based on graduating high school seniors in 2017.[7][36]

Section Number of questions Time (minutes) Score Range Average score (2018) College Readiness Benchmark Content
English 75 45 1–36 20.2 18 Usage/mechanics and rhetorical skills
Mathematics 60 60 1–36 20.5 22 Pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, geometry, elementary trigonometry, reasoning, and problem-solving
Reading 40 35 1–36 21.3 22 Reading comprehension
Science 40 35 1–36 20.7 23 Interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning, and problem-solving
Optional Writing Test (not included in composite score) 1 essay prompt 40 1–12 6.5 Writing skills
Composite 1–36 20.8 Average (mean) of all section scores except Writing

Highest score

ACT-36-1997 to 2011
Percent of test takers achieving a 36 on the ACT from 1997 to 2011.

The table below summarizes how many students achieved a composite score of 36 on the ACT between the years of 1997 and 2017.[37]

Year Number of students who achieved a 36 Number of students overall % of students who achieved a 36
2017 2,760 2,030,038 0.1359
2014 1,407 1,845,787 0.07622
2013 1,162 1,799,243 0.06458
2012 781 1,666,017 0.04687
2011 704 1,623,112 0.04337
2010 588 1,568,835 0.03748
2009 638 1,480,469 0.04309
2008 428 1,421,941 0.03010
2007 314 1,300,599 0.02414
2006 216 1,206,455 0.01790
2005 193 1,186,251 0.01627
2004 224 1,171,460 0.01912
2003 195 1,175,059 0.01659
2002 134 1,116,082 0.01201
2001 89 1,069,772 0.00832
2000 131 1,065,138 0.01230
1999 85 1,019,053 0.00834
1998 71 995,039 0.00714
1997 74 959,301 0.00771

College admissions

The ACT Assessment Student Report, at, provides the typical ACT Composite averages for college and universities admission policies. They caution that "because admission policies vary across colleges, the score ranges should be considered rough guidelines." Following is a list of the average composite scores that typically are accepted at colleges or universities.[38]

  • Highly selective (majority of accepted freshmen in top 10% of high school graduating class): scores 27–30
  • Selective (majority of accepted freshmen in top 25% of high school graduating class): scores 25–27
  • Traditional (majority of accepted freshmen in top 50% of high school graduating class): scores 22–24
  • Liberal (some freshmen from lower half of high school graduating class): scores 18–21
  • Open (all high school graduates accepted, to limit of capacity): scores 17–20

Test availability

The ACT is offered seven times a year in the United States and its territories, Puerto Rico, and Canada: in September, October, December, February, April, June, and July. (In New York State, the test is not offered in July.) In other locations, the ACT is offered five times a year: in September, October, December, April, and June.[39] The ACT is offered only on Saturdays except for those with credible religious obligations, who may take the test on another day.[40]

The ACT is designed, administered, and scored so that there is no advantage to testing on one particular date.[41]

Candidates may choose either the ACT assessment ($50.50), or the ACT assessment plus writing ($67.00).[42]

Students with verifiable disabilities, including physical and learning disabilities, are eligible to take the test with accommodations. The standard time increase for students requiring additional time due to disabilities is 50%.[43] Originally, the score sheet was labeled that additional time was granted due to a learning disability; however, this was ultimately dropped because it was deemed illegal under the Americans with Disabilities Act and could be perceived as an unfair designator of disability.

Scores are sent to the student, his or her high school, and up to four colleges of the student's choice (optional).[44]

Test section durations

Time is a major factor to consider in testing.

The ACT is generally regarded as being composed of somewhat easier questions versus the SAT[45], but the shorter time allotted to complete each section increases difficulty. The ACT allows:

  • 45 minutes for a 75-question English section
  • 60 minutes for a 60-question Mathematics section
  • 35 minutes for a 40-question Reading section
  • 35 minutes for a 40-question Science section

Comparatively, the SAT is structured such that the test taker is allowed at least one minute per question, on generally shorter sections (25 or fewer questions). Times may be adjusted as a matter of accommodation for certain disabilities or other impairments.

Score cumulative percentages and comparison with SAT

Sixty percent—about 2.03 million students—of the 2017 high school graduating class took the ACT. For the graduating class of 2017, the average composite score was a 21.0. Of these test-takers, 46% were male and 52% were female, with 2% not reporting a gender. 2,760 students in the graduating class of 2017 received the highest ACT composite score of 36.[46]

2005 distribution of ACT scores

The following chart shows, for each ACT score from 11 to 36, the corresponding ACT percentile and equivalent total SAT score or score range.[47] (Concordance data for ACT scores less than 11 is not yet available for the current version of the SAT.) Note that ACT percentiles are defined as the percentage of test takers scoring at or below the given score.

SAT combined score (Math + Reading/Writing) ACT composite score The percentile of students at or below this score for the ACT (not SAT)
1600 36 100%
1560–1590 35 99.9%
1520–1550 34 99%
1490–1510 33 98%
1450–1480 32 97%
1420–1440 31 96%
1390–1410 30 94%
1350–1380 29 92%
1310–1340 28 89%
1280–1300 27 86%
1240–1270 26 82%
1200–1230 25 78%
1160–1190 24 74%
1130–1150 23 69%
1100–1120 22 63%
1060–1090 21 57%
1020–1050 20 51%
980–1010 19 44%
940–970 18 38%
900–930 17 31%
860–890 16 25%
810–850 15 19%
760–800 14 13%
720–750 13 8%
630–710 12 4%
560–620 11 1%

Score vs Percentile for English Section

Score The percentile of students

at or below this score

36 100%
35 99%
34 99%
33 97%
32 96%
31 94%
30 93%
29 91%
28 88%
27 85%
26 82%
25 78%
24 73%
23 68%
22 63%
21 57%
20 50%
19 43%
18 38%
17 33%
16 29%
15 24%
14 18%
13 14%
12 11%
11 9%

Score vs Percentile for Mathematics Section

Score The percentile of students

at or below this score

36 99%
35 99%
34 99%
33 98%
32 97%
31 96%
30 94%
29 93%
28 91%
27 88%
26 84%
25 79%
24 74%
23 67%
22 61%
21 57%
20 52%
19 47%
18 41%
17 34%
16 26%
15 14%
14 6%
13 2%
12 1%
11 1%

Score vs Percentile for Reading Section

Score The percentile of students

at or below this score

36 99%
35 99%
34 99%
33 97%
32 95%
31 93%
30 91%
29 87%
28 85%
27 82%
26 78%
25 75%
24 71%
23 66%
22 60%
21 54%
20 48%
19 42%
18 39%
17 30%
16 25%
15 19%
14 15%
13 10%
12 6%
11 3%

Score vs Percentile for Science Section

Score The percentile of students

at or below this score

36 99%
35 99%
34 99%
33 99%
32 98%
31 97%
30 96%
29 95%
28 93%
27 91%
26 87%
25 83%
24 77%
23 70%
22 62%
21 56%
20 47%
19 38%
18 34%
17 21%
16 19%
15 15%
14 11%
13 8%
12 5%
11 3%


Use by high IQ societies

American Mensa is a high IQ society that allows the ACT for membership if the test was taken prior to September 1989; a composite score of 29 or above is required.[49] The Triple Nine Society also accepts the old ACT for admission, with a qualifying score of 32; after September 1989 the qualifying score is 34.[50]

See also


  1. ^ "Test Descriptions – ACT Student". ACT, Inc. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  2. ^ "Understand Your Scores – Sample Student Report – ACT Student". ACT, Inc. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  3. ^ "Registration – Test Dates in the U.S., U.S. Territories, and Canada – ACT Student". ACT, Inc. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  4. ^ "Registration – Test Dates in Other Countries – ACT Student". ACT, Inc. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  5. ^ "Test Center Locations, Dates, and Codes". ACT, Inc. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  6. ^ "Test Center Codes – International – ACT Student". ACT Inc. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "The ACT Profile Report – National, Graduating Class 2018" (PDF). ACT, Inc. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  8. ^ "Current ACT Fees and Services". ACT, Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  9. ^ "The ACT Test Help and Frequently Asked Questions – Am I eligible for a fee waiver?". ACT, Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "About ACT: History". Archived from the original on October 8, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2006. Name changed in 1996.
  11. ^ "ACT Assessment", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2007. Archived August 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine October 31, 2009.
  12. ^ "A (Mostly) Brief History Of The SAT and ACTs". Erik the Red. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  13. ^ "When Will the ACT Start Computer-Based Testing?". Magoosh. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  14. ^ Pope, Justin (September 24, 2012). "SAT scores edge down; ACT now more popular exam". Associated Press. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  15. ^ The Test Archived August 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. (URL accessed June 5, 2007).
  16. ^ "The ACT-Measure High School Student Readiness for College" (PDF).
  17. ^ Radunzal, J., Noble, J. (2003, April). "Tracking 2003 act-tested high school graduates: College readiness, enrollment, and long-term success." Retrieved from: Archived March 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ The ACT Technical Manual
  19. ^ SCHOOL, CENTURY ACADEMY HIGH. "SAT/ACT Information". Retrieved June 2, 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Entrance Exam For College – College Entrance Exams – University In The USA". Uni in the USA. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  21. ^ "ACT? SAT? Subject Tests? No Tests? Holy Moly! Who Is Requiring What These Days?". Huffington Post. August 11, 2014.
  22. ^ "SAT vs. ACT – Test Prep Tutoring & Classes – NYC, NY". CATES Tutoring and Educational Services. Archived from the original on October 16, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  23. ^ Honawar, Vaishali; Alyson Klein (August 30, 2006). "ACT Scores Improve; More on East Coast Taking the SAT's Rival". Education Week. 26 (1): 16. ISSN 0277-4232. Retrieved July 6, 2007. Beginning in 2013, all freshman entering high school in the state of Ohio must take the test in order to graduate.
  24. ^ "What's Next for the ACT – Test Updates and Enhancements". Archived from the original on July 29, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  25. ^ a b "The ACT Test for Students". ACT. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016.
  26. ^ "Newsroom – Press Kit, Digital Media Library, and Press Releases". Archived from the original on July 29, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  27. ^ "The ACT-Getting Ready for Test Day".
  28. ^ Geoff Martz; Kim Magloire; Theodore Silver. (2007). "Chapter 10". Cracking The ACT (2007 ed.). The Princeton Review. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-375-76585-8.
  29. ^ "ACT FAQ: Can I use a calculator?". ACT Inc. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  30. ^ "Description of Reading Test". ACT. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  31. ^ Geoff Martz; Kim Magloire; Theodore Silver. (2007). "Chapter 20". Cracking The ACT (2007 ed.). The Princeton Review. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-375-76585-8.
  32. ^
  33. ^ "The ACT Test for Students". ACT. Archived from the original on August 9, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  34. ^ Cavner, Brian. "Comparison Between the SAT and ACT: Requirements differences between the two college admissions standardized tests". Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
  35. ^ "Taking the ACT". Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  36. ^ "ACT Prep:Description of the ACT Assessment". ACT Inc. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
  37. ^ "The ACT® Data". ACT Inc. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  38. ^ American College Test INC. (ACT). Research and Policy Issues-Information Brief 2002–1. (n.d.). "Interpreting act assessment scores: College admissions." Retrieved October 8, 2012, from Archived January 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ "Registration – The ACT Test". ACT, Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  40. ^ "The ACT Test Help and Frequently Asked Questions – Is Non-Saturday Testing Available?". ACT, Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  41. ^ American College Test INC. (ACT), Research and Policy Issues-Information Brief (2001). "Facts about scoring the act assessment". Retrieved October 8, 2012, from Archived January 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ "Current ACT Fees and Services". Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  43. ^ "ACT Services for Students with Disabilities". ACT Inc. Archived from the original on August 22, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  44. ^ "ACT Score Information: ACT Score Report Descriptions". ACT Inc. Archived from the original on July 11, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
  45. ^ "ACT Versus SAT: Popular Doesn't Mean Better". Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  46. ^ "Condition of College and Career Readiness 2017". ACT Inc. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  47. ^ "Higher Ed Brief: SAT Concordance" (PDF). College Board. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 20, 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Univ. of California Eligibility by Examination Alone
  49. ^ "Qualifying test scores – American Mensa, Ltd".
  50. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

ACT (nonprofit organization)

ACT, Inc. is an American 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (NTEE classification B90, Educational Services, per the IRS), primarily known for the ACT, a standardized test designed to assess high school students' academic achievement and college readiness. For the U.S. high school graduating class of 2018, 55 percent of graduates had taken the ACT test; the more than 1.9 million students included virtually all high school graduates in 20 states.Founded in Iowa City, Iowa, in 1959, the organization has more than 1,000 employees. Its CEO is Marten Roorda, who assumed leadership of ACT in 2015. Previous CEOs include Jon Whitmore (2010–2015), Richard L. Ferguson. (1988–2010), and Oluf Davidsen (1974–1988).

In addition to the ACT test, ACT programs include ACT Aspire, PreACT, ACT Tessera, ACT CollegeReady, ACT WorkKeys, and the National Career Readiness Certificate.

Activated clotting time

Activated clotting time (ACT), also known as activated coagulation time is a test of coagulation.The ACT test can be used to monitor anticoagulation effects, such as high-dose heparin before, during, and shortly after procedures that require intense anticoagulant administration, such as cardiac bypass, cardiac angioplasty, thrombolysis, extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and continuous dialysis. It measures the seconds needed for whole blood to clot upon exposure to an activator of an intrinsic pathway by the addition of factor XII activators. The clotting time is based on a relative scale and requires a baseline value for a point of comparison due to inconsistencies between the source and formulation of the activator being used. It is usually ordered in situations where the partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test may take an excessive amount of time to process or is not clinically useful. Prolongation of the ACT may indicate a deficiency in coagulation factors, thrombocytopenia or platelet dysfunction. Clotting time measurements can be affected by other drugs that such as Warfarin, aprotinin and GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors and may also be affected by physical perturbations to the body such as hypothermia, hypervolemia or hypovolemia.

Benet Academy

Benet Academy ( BEN-et) is a co-educational, college-preparatory, Benedictine high school in Lisle, Illinois, United States, overseen by the Diocese of Joliet. Founded in 1887, the school was initially established in Chicago as the all-boys St. Procopius College and Academy by Benedictine monks, who also operated the St. Joseph Bohemian Orphanage. In 1898, the orphanage moved to Lisle, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Chicago, to be joined by St. Procopius three years later. In 1926, Benedictine nuns constructed the all-girls Sacred Heart Academy near the orphanage and school in Lisle. The orphanage closed in 1956 to make room for St. Procopius Academy, which separated from the college in 1957. Due to rising costs and waning enrollment, Sacred Heart merged with St. Procopius Academy in 1967 to form Benet Academy on the St. Procopius campus. Since then, numerous building projects have been undertaken to expand Benet's athletics, music, and science programs. As of 2017 it is considered the second best Catholic high school in Illinois, and seventh best private high school.

Admission is competitive and relies primarily on test scores. All students complete a college-preparatory curriculum and may earn college credit through programs including Advanced Placement. As of 2009, Benet's average ACT test score regularly exceeds state and national averages, and more than 99 percent of students go on to college after graduation. The school's academic program has been featured in reports by the Chicago Sun-Times and U.S. News & World Report.

The athletic program has fielded several teams that have placed fourth or higher in state tournaments. In the 2014–2015 school year the girls' volleyball team and the girls' basketball team both won IHSA state titles, which makes Benet only the second school in IHSA history and the first large (4A) school to win titles for both these sports in the same season. The boys' basketball team has broken two state records, including a 102 home-game winning streak. Other activities include the annual Christmas Drive fundraiser and over 30 clubs and organizations, including the Math Team and Science Olympiad team, both of which have won awards in their state tournaments. Benet's performing arts program stages an annual winter musical, while the band program performed in state-wide events in 1998 and 2002.

Notable alumni of the school include NBA player Frank Kaminsky, former Illinois Attorney General Jim Ryan, and Grammy-winning singer Dave Bickler.

Doane University

Doane University is a private liberal arts college in Crete, Nebraska. It has additional campuses in Lincoln, Grand Island and Omaha.

Eden Prairie, Minnesota

Eden Prairie is an edge city 12 miles (19 km) southwest of downtown Minneapolis in Hennepin County, and the 12th-largest city in the State of Minnesota. It is the 7th-largest suburb in the Twin Cities, with a population of 60,797 at the 2010 census. The city is on the north bank of the Minnesota River, upstream from its confluence with the Mississippi River.

Eden Prairie is a suburb with a mixed-income city model. It is home to 7,213 firms, municipal and regional parks, conservation areas, trails, and recreational facilities.There are walking trails around Purgatory Creek and Staring Lake, and the Minnesota River Bluffs Regional Trail. The city has more than 170 miles (270 km) of multi-use trails, 2,250 acres (9 km2) of parks, and 1,300 acres (5 km2) of open space. It is home to the headquarters of SuperValu, C.H. Robinson Worldwide, SABIS, and MTS Systems Corporation. It contains the Eden Prairie Center and is the hub for SouthWest Transit, providing public transportation to three adjacent suburbs. KMSP and WFTC are also based in Eden Prairie.

Eden Prairie and nearby suburbs form the southwest portion of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, the 15th-largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.6 million residents.

Eden Prairie has been one of Money magazine's "Best Places to Live" in America since 2006; the city earned first place in the 2010 survey and second place in 2016. In 2017, eleven Eden Prairie students scored perfect ACT test scores.

Fort Zumwalt West High School

Fort Zumwalt West High School, the third high school established in the Fort Zumwalt School District, is located in O'Fallon, Missouri. First opened for the 1998–1999 school year, the school now has an approximate enrollment of 2,000 students with an average daily attendance rate of nearly 94%.

Harvey Mudd College

Harvey Mudd College (HMC) is a private residential undergraduate science and engineering college in Claremont, California. It is one of the institutions of the contiguous Claremont Colleges which share adjoining campus grounds. Harvey Mudd College shares university resources such as libraries, dining halls, health services and campus security with the other Claremont Colleges, although each college is independently managed, with their own faculty, board of trustees, endowment, and admissions procedures. Students at Harvey Mudd College may take classes (acceptable for academic credit at Harvey Mudd College) at the other four undergraduate Claremont colleges. The Bachelor of Science diploma received at graduation is issued by Harvey Mudd College.

The college is named after Harvey Seeley Mudd, one of the initial investors in the Cyprus Mines Corporation. Although involved in planning of the new institution, Mudd died before it opened. The college was funded by Mudd's friends and family, and named in his honor.

Jenks High School

Jenks High School is a secondary school located within Tulsa County in Jenks, Oklahoma, United States. It serves students from the town of Jenks and students from the south side of the city of Tulsa. The high school has over 2,800 students in grades 10–12, with the attached Freshman Academy the high school campus has over 3,600 students.

Joint Entrance Examination

Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an engineering entrance examination conducted for admission to various engineering colleges in India. It is constituted by two different examinations - JEE Main and the JEE Advanced. The exams are of the objective pattern. JEE Advanced is regarded internationally as one of the most challenging undergraduate admission tests.

In 2012, the government-run Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) that earlier conducted the AIEEE, announced the JEE that replaced the AIEEE and IIT-JEE. The JEE-Main, which replaces AIEEE, is for admission to the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and some other colleges designated as "centrally funded technical institutes" (CFTIs). The JEE-Advanced, which replaces IIT-JEE, is for admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only the students selected in JEE Main are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. About 224,000 students will be selected from 2018.

There are some institutes like the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, and the Indian Institute of Science which use the score obtained in JEE Advanced as the basis for admission. These are not participating institutes of central IIT JEE Advanced counseling of which all IITs are members. Any student who takes admission to IITs cannot appear for the JEE-Advanced exam in the next year, but the same is not the case with IISc, IISER, RGIPT and other institutes as these institutes only use JEE Advanced score for admission.

In September 2013, the IIT Council approved the decision of the Joint Admission Board to continue with the two-phase JEE pattern ("Main" followed by "Advanced") for IITs in 2014. Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) conducted the joint admission process for a total of 23 IITs, ISM, 32 NITs, 18 IIITs and 19 other Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs).As per the reports from Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) of Government of India, the government is considering to conduct only one common engineering entrance test based on the lines of NEET for all engineering colleges, including private institutions, across India.


OpenEd is an online catalog of educational assessments, homework assignments, videos, games and lesson plans aligned to every Common Core standard and several other standards, and includes the only open source formative item bank. The site offers the ability for teachers to assign resources to their students online, letting students take assessments, do homework etc on their own computers or tablets. Assignments done online are graded automatically and presented to the teacher in a mastery chart. OpenEd's slogan mentions "assessment to instruction" meaning, formative assessments given on OpenEd can access OpenEd's large catalog on a per student basis to recommend the right resource to each student individually. The company has stated that functionality of searching the site and most of its resources are free and will continue to be free going forward. However, the company is also distributing premium content from publishers such as Pearson and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt to teachers for $9.95 per month.Currently 450,000 teachers or about 15% of all USA teachers are registered users. Recently, the company has been providing its resources with alignments to other tech companies. The API for finding standard and skill-aligned resources is used by ed tech leaders such as ACT (test), Pearson PLC, Pacific Metrics and many more.

PLAN (test)

The PLAN assessment was a preliminary ACT test from ACT, Inc. that was generally administered in the sophomore year. PLAN was discontinued in 2014.


The Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) is a standardized test administered by the College Board and cosponsored by the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) in the United States. Approximately 3.5 million students take the PSAT/NMSQT each year. In 2013, 1.59 million high school sophomores and 1.55 million high school juniors took the PSAT. Younger students are also eligible to take the test. The scores from the PSAT/NMSQT are used to determine eligibility and qualification for the National Merit Scholarship Program.


Peterson’s, founded in 1966, is an American company that has a wide range of live, print, and online products and services including test preparation, career exploration tools, memory retention techniques, professional writing services, and school, financial aid, and scholarship searches. Peterson’s is currently headquartered in Highlands Ranch, Colorado, a suburb of Denver, Colorado. It was formerly headquartered for many years in Lawrence Township, New Jersey.

Peterson's was privately held until its 1995 purchase by The Thomson Corporation. It became part of Thomson Learning (spun off in 2007 as Cengage Learning).

On July 27, 2006, Peterson's was acquired by the Nelnet family of companies. On December 31, 2017 Peterson's was acquired by Triangle Digital Ventures.


The SAT ( ess-ay-TEE) is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. Since it was debuted by the College Board in 1926, its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, then simply the SAT.

The SAT is wholly owned, developed, and published by the College Board, a private, not-for-profit organization in the United States. It is administered on behalf of the College Board by the Educational Testing Service, which until recently developed the SAT as well. The test is intended to assess students' readiness for college. The SAT was originally designed not to be aligned with high school curricula, but several adjustments were made for the version of the SAT introduced in 2016, and College Board president, David Coleman, has said that he also wanted to make the test reflect more closely what students learn in high school with the new Common Core standards.The SAT takes three hours to finish, plus 50 minutes for the SAT with essay, and as of 2019 costs US$47.5 (US$62.5 with the optional essay), excluding late fees, with additional processing fees if the SAT is taken outside the United States. Scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining test results from two 200-to-800-point sections: Mathematics, and Critical Reading and Writing. Although taking the SAT, or its competitor the ACT, is required for freshman entry to many colleges and universities in the United States, many colleges and universities are experimenting with test-optional admission requirements and alternatives to the SAT and ACT. Starting with the 2015–16 school year, the College Board began working with Khan Academy to provide free SAT preparation.

St. Francis Borgia Regional High School

St. Francis Borgia Regional High School is a Roman Catholic secondary school in Washington, Franklin Country, Missouri, established in 1901. As of 2012, its enrollment is 535 students.

Village Christian School (California)

Village Christian School (VCS) is a private, K-12 Christian school located in Sun Valley, California, a part of the City of Los Angeles. It was founded in 1949 by members of The Village Church in nearby Burbank. Their mascot is the Crusader. Village Christian has a total enrollment of approximately 1,100 students, K-12 Grades.

Willie Hordge

Willie Hordge (born February 9, 1984) is an American sprinter who specialized in the 100 meters.

At the 2001 World Youth Championships in Debrecen, Hungary, Hordge won a silver medal in 100 meters, finishing behind only Darrel Brown (10.31 to 10.41). In his junior season at Forest Brook High School in Houston, Texas, Hordge narrowly missed winning the Texas 4A 100-meter title to Brendan Christian 10.15 to 10.16. The following month, he won the 100 meters over Kelly Willie and Jonathan Wade in the Great Southwest Classic in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with a 10.21 clocking (+2.0 m/s wind). Horde still holds the 17-18 USATF Gulf Association record the 100 meters at 10.11 from that era.Hordge participated in the 2002 World Junior Championships in Kingston, Jamaica, and finished with a bronze medal in 100 meters, placing third behind Darrel Brown and Marc Burns. Known for his slow start out of the blocks, officials at the meet were in amazement at how he closed at the finish. A few days later at the same meet, he anchored the United States 4x100 relay squad to Gold. Hordge received the baton identical to Usain Bolt of Jamaica, and then pulled away from him down the stretch, as he and teammates Ashton Collins, Wes Felix, and Ivory Williams set a new world junior record of 38.92. It was the fourth and fastest of five different 4x100 relays he anchored under 40 seconds in the space of three weeks. Just like he is today, Usain Bolt was the talk of the meet back then, and Hordge showed him up on his own soil in Kingston. Bolt was visibly upset after the finish. The day before Bolt had just won the 200 meters.

Hordge was the cover boy of the September 2002 edition of track & Field News. He was the 2002 "Nike Athlete of the Year."At the 2003 Pan Am Junior Championships in Bridgetown, Barbados, the pair faced off again on anchor leg of the 4x100 meter relay. Hordge shocked Bolt again, and the United States won the gold in 39.29 to Jamaica's 39.40. This was just one day after Bolt had set the World Youth Best and equalled the World Junior Record in the 200 meters.

As a 181 pounds (82 kg) football player with reputed 4.1 (actual 4.3) speed he was invited to play in the 2003 Oil Bowl. He was recruited to several high profile schools, including the University of Arkansas, Texas A&M and Mississippi State University. He committed to Arkansas.

Hordge's entry was dependent on achieving NCAA eligibility. He struggled with the ACT test following football games, but was reported to have passed on his fourth attempt. Arkansas fell through, Hordge ended up going to Butler Community College along with Ivory Williams. He won the 2004 Kansas Relays while representing Butler. He held the 200 meters meet record at the Masked Rider Open for ten years. He ended up at SUNY, Buffalo, winning the 2007 NCAA D3 National Championship at both 100 meters and 200 meters his junior year, but at a reported 212 pounds (96 kg), he was no longer running world class times. He was "New York State Track Athlete of the Year" that year.


ACT WorkKeys consists of three elements:

Job skill assessments, which are designed to measure foundational and personal skills as they apply to the workplace

Job analysis, which pinpoints or estimates skill benchmarks for specific job positions that individuals must meet through testing

Skill training, which helps individuals boost their scores

Glossaries of science and engineering


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