ABC (newspaper)

ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper. It is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record of Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.

ABC
20090602 abc frontpage
Front page, 2 June 2009
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatCompact
Owner(s)Grupo Vocento
Founder(s)Torcuato Luca de Tena y Alvarez-Ossorio
PublisherCatalina Luca de Tena
EditorÁngel Expósito
Founded1 January 1903
Political alignmentConservatism, Nationalist, Monarchism, Right wing
LanguageSpanish
HeadquartersJuan Ignacio de Tena 7, Madrid, Spain
CountrySpain
Circulation243,154 (2011)
Websitewww.abc.es

History and profile

ABC was first published in Madrid on 1 January 1903[1][2] by Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez-Ossorio.[3][4] The founding publishing house was Prensa Española, which was led by the founder of the paper, Luca de Tena.[4] The paper started as a weekly newspaper, turning daily in June 1905.[5] In 1928 ABC had two editions, one for Madrid and the other for Sevilla.[4][6] The latter was named ABC de Sevilla.[4]

On 20 July 1936, shortly after the Spanish Civil War began, ABC in Madrid was seized by the republican government, which changed the paper's politics to support the Republicans. The same year Blanco y Negro, a magazine, became its supplement.[7] A separate ABC printed in Seville supported the Nationalists. In 1939 ABC in Madrid was given back to its original owners, by Francisco Franco.[3] During this period the paper was one of two major dailies in the country together with La Vanguardia.[2]

In the 1990s the publisher of ABC was Editorial Española.[8] The paper later moved from its historic landmark offices in Madrid by Paseo de la Castellana, which are now a shopping mall. The paper is part of Grupo Vocento,[9][10] which also owns El Correo Español, El Diario Vasco, La Verdad and Las Provincias, among the others.[11]

In the late 1970s and 1980s ABC had close connections with first Popular Alliance and later Popular Party.[12]

On 25 September 2009, ABC made its complete archives, dating back to 1903, available online, giving modern readers a chance to see contemporaneous news about the Spanish Civil War or Francisco Franco's death.

ABC publishes in compact-sized stapled sheets, noticeably smaller than the loose tabloid format favoured by most Spanish dailies, including El País and El Mundo. Its cover distinctively features a full-size picture.

ABC is known for generally supporting conservative political views[13] and defending the Spanish monarchy.[14] The paper has also a right-wing stance.[15] Its director since 1983, Luis María Ansón, left the paper in 1997[8] to found another daily, La Razón, which initially catered to even more conservative readers.

Historically, it was noted in its heavy use of photography, and the front page is typically a large photo taking up to one third of the area. Recently, it has been recognized for its coverage of Spanish culture and arts.[3]

Circulation and readership

In February 1970 ABC had a circulation of 212,536 copies.[16] It was 178,979 copies in February 1975,[16] 171,382 copies in 1976, 145,162 copies in 1977 and 126,952 copies in 1978.[1] The circulation of the paper was 135,380 copies in February 1980.[16]

The 1993 circulation of ABC was 334,317 copies, making it the second best selling newspaper in Spain.[17][18] In 1994 it was again the second best selling newspaper in the country with a circulation of 321,571 copies.[18][19] In the period of 1995–1996 the paper had a circulation of 321,573 copies, making again it the second best-selling paper in the country.[20]

The circulation of ABC was 292,000 copies in 2001[21] and 262,874 copies in 2002.[11] The paper had a circulation of 263,000 copies in 2003, being the fourth best-selling newspaper in the country.[22][23] Based on the findings of the European Business Readership Survey ABC had 5,685 readers per issue in 2006.[24] Between June 2006 and July 2007 the daily had a circulation of 230,422 copies.[5] The 2008 circulation of the paper was 228,258 copies.[25] It was 243,154 copies between July 2010 and June 2011.[26]

References

  1. ^ a b Katrin Voltmer (2006). Mass Media and Political Communication in New Democracies. Psychology Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-415-33779-3. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b Teresa Ortiz-Gómez; Agata Ignaciuk (2013). ""Pregnancy and labour cause more deaths than oral contraceptives": The debate on the pill in the Spanish press in the 1960s and 1970s". Public Understanding of Science. 24 (6): 658–671. doi:10.1177/0963662513509764. PMID 24259515.
  3. ^ a b c "ABC". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  4. ^ a b c d Jacob Fox Watkins (2014). "Not Just "Franco 's Spain" - The Spanish Political Landscape During Re-Emergence Through the Pact of Madrid". Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies. 39 (1). Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b Andrea Czepek; Melanie Hellwig; Eva Nowak (2009). Press Freedom and Pluralism in Europe: Concepts and Conditions. Intellect Books. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-84150-243-4. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  6. ^ Gabriel Jackson (5 May 2012). Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. p. 555. ISBN 978-1-4008-2018-4. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  7. ^ Xon de Ros; Geraldine Hazbun (1 September 2014). A Companion to Spanish Women's Studies. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-85566-286-5. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  8. ^ a b Sandra Truscott; Maria J. Garcia (1998). "A Dictionary of Contemporary Spain" (PDF). Routledge. New York. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  9. ^ Andreu Casero-Ripollés; Jessica Izquierdo-Castillo (2013). "Between Decline and a New Online Business Model: The Case of the Spanish Newspaper Industry" (PDF). Journal of Media Business Studies. 10 (1): 63–78. doi:10.1080/16522354.2013.11073560. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  10. ^ Enric Castelló; David Domingo (2005). "Spanish media facing new media: a challenge to journalists?". International Journal of Iberian Studies. 18 (3). Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  11. ^ a b David Ward (2004). "A Mapping Study of Media Concentration and Ownership in Ten European Countries" (PDF). Dutch Media Authority. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  12. ^ Frank R. Baumgartner; Laura Chaqués Bonafont (2014). "All News is Bad News: Newspaper Coverage of Political Parties in Spain" (PDF). Political Communication. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  13. ^ Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska et. al. (2010). Comparative Media Systems: European and Global Perspectives. Budapest: Central European University Press. Retrieved 1 December 2014. – via Questia (subscription required)
  14. ^ Richard Gunther; Jose Ramon Montero; Jose Ignacio Wert (2000). "The media and politics in Spain". In Richard Gunther; Anthony Mughan. Democracy and the Media: A Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  15. ^ Dan Beeton (22 July 2013). "Spanish Newspaper ABC Runs a "Completely False" Report on Venezuela, Again". CEPR. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  16. ^ a b c Juan A. Giner (1983). "Journalists, Mass Media, and Public Opinion in Spain, 1938-1982". In Kenneth Maxwell. The Press and the Rebirth of Iberian Democracy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved 25 January 2015. – via Questia (subscription required)
  17. ^ "The Daily Press". Contenidos. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Facts of Spain". Florida International University. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  19. ^ Jose L. Alvarez; Carmelo Mazza; Jordi Mur (October 1999). "The management publishing industry in Europe" (PDF). University of Navarra. Archived from the original (Occasional Paper No:99/4) on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  20. ^ Media Policy: Convergence, Concentration & Commerce. SAGE Publications. 24 September 1998. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4462-6524-6. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  21. ^ Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Papers". campaign. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  22. ^ Roland Schroeder (2004). "Interactive Info Graphics in Europe-- added value to online mass media: a preliminary survey". Journalism Studies. 5 (4): 563–570. doi:10.1080/14616700412331296473.
  23. ^ "World Press Trends" (PDF). World Association of Newspapers. Paris. 2004. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  24. ^ Craig Carroll (1 September 2010). Corporate Reputation and the News Media: Agenda-setting Within Business News Coverage in Developed, Emerging, and Frontier Markets. Routledge. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-135-25244-1. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  25. ^ Alan Albarran (10 September 2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-135-85430-0. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  26. ^ Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 in Spain Archived 29 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión. Retrieved 28 January 2012.

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 33–36

External links

  • ABC.es – official online version of ABC
  • The ABC – Article in English discussing ABC
Abdul Vas

Abdul Vas (born 15 March 1981 in Maracay, Venezuela) is a contemporary artist. He grew up living between Surinam, Guyana, and Belgium. After studies at EAVRA in Maracay and at the Gerrit Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam he lives and works in Amsterdam and Madrid. He has created handmade books and zines, photographs, collages, drawings, paintings and murals.

Vas's work has been discussed and reviewed in Vice, Rolling Stone, ABC (newspaper), Esquire (magazine), and The New York Times. In 2009, he was selected for the Beijing Biennale. His works are part of various collections internationally, and have been exhibited throughout the United States, Latin America, Asia and Europe.

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The team has been referred to by various names including Euskadiko selekzioa, Euskal Herriko futbol selekzioa, Selección de Euskadi, Vasconia, Equipo Vasco, Euskadi XI and Basque XI. Most of their home matches have been played in the San Mamés Stadium which was replaced in 2013 by the new San Mamés.

The Basque Country has had a football team of its own since 1930. During the Second Spanish Republic, they played firstly under the name of 'Baskoniako selekzioa' (the Vasconia team) and then from 1936 as 'Euzkadiko selekzioa' (the Euskadi team). During Franco's 36-year dictatorship it only played two games. Then, after Franco's death in 1975, the team was reformed using the name 'Euskadiko selekzioa' and began playing regular friendly matches, usually during La Liga's Christmas break. Up to the present moment they have played 56 matches against a wide range of nations such as Russia, Uruguay, Nigeria and Denmark.

In 2007, the team's name was controversially changed to 'Euskal Herriko futbol selekzioa'. In 2008, a compromise was reached and it was changed again to 'Euskal selekzioa'. In the lower grades, the team is either called "Euskadiko selekzioa" or "Seleccíon del País Vasco" and exclusively represents the Basque Country autonomous community (Euskadi).

Cape Finisterre

Cape Finisterre (Galician: Cabo Fisterra, Spanish: Cabo Finisterre) is a rock-bound peninsula on the west coast of Galicia, Spain.In Roman times it was believed to be the end of the known world. The name Finisterre, like that of Finistère in France, derives from the Latin finis terrae, meaning "end of the earth". It is sometimes said to be the westernmost point of the Iberian Peninsula. However, Cabo da Roca in Portugal is about 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi) further west and thus the westernmost point of continental Europe. Even in Spain Cabo Touriñán is farther west.

Monte Facho is the name of the mountain on Cape Finisterre, which has a peak that is 238 metres (781 ft) above sea level. A prominent lighthouse is at the top of Monte Facho. The seaside town of Fisterra is nearby.

The Artabri were an ancient Gallaecian Celtic tribe that once inhabited the area.

Colegio de Nuestra Señora de los Infantes, Toledo

The Colegio de Nuestra Señora de los Infantes (College of Our Lady of the Infants) is a college of the city of Toledo (Castile-La Mancha, Spain) was founded by the Cardinal Silíceo in the 16th century. The building, already completed in 1559, was not constructed as a new plant, but was the result of the remodeling of an existing property. The plant, totally, irregular, is imposed by the adjacent streets, which make the College an exempt building.

Of the trace and execution of the work was carried out Don Francisco de Villalpando, also author of the fence of the main presbytery of the Cathedral; and very possibly was its main master of works Alonso de Covarrubias, given the great connection existing between the College and the Cathedral's Cabildo.

Controversies about the 2004 Madrid train bombings

The controversy regarding the handling and representation of the Madrid train bombings by the government arose with Spain's two main political parties, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and Partido Popular (PP), accusing each other of concealing or distorting evidence for electoral reasons.

Convento de la Madre de Dios, Toledo

The Convento de la Madre de Dios (Convent of the Mother of God) is a Dominican convent located in the city of Toledo (Castile-La Mancha, Spain). It was founded at the end of the 15th century as a nunnery by Leonor and María de Silva, daughters of the Count of Cifuentes. It was a cloistered monastery, a Guardia Civil barracks, and finally a university campus after its acquisition by the University of Castilla-La Mancha to expand the facilities of the Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences.

Ermua

Ermua is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. In 2014, Ermua had 16,194 inhabitants.

Ermua is a town in the Durangaldea comarca of the province of Biscay in northern Spain. It is situated in a steep-sided valley beside the Río Ego, a tributary of the Deba River. Because of the steep, irregular terrain, building space is limited, and Ermua is one of the most densely populated towns in the Basque country. To the north of Ermua lies the municipality of Mallabia, to the east lies Eibar and to the south lies Zaldibar.Eibar is a larger town which lies just across the provincial border, in the province of Gipuzkoa, the two towns forming a single urban area. Ermua has grown greatly in size during the 1960s and 1970s and acts as a dormitory town to Eibar, both of them being industrial towns. Ermua and Eibar are linked by the N-634 and share a common exit from the Autopista AP-8 (AP-8), the toll road that crosses the Basque Country, and connects Bilbao with the French Border. Ermua and Eibar are also connected by the narrow gauge railway that runs from Bilbao to San Sebastián. Historic buildings in Ermua include the Church of Santiago Apóstol, an unusual Renaissance building with a fine bell tower, the Baroque Valdespina Palace, which is now the Town Hall, and the sixteenth century Lobiano Palace.

Good Time (Paris Hilton song)

"Good Time" is a 2013 single by Paris Hilton from her unreleased second studio album. It was released on October 8, 2013, by Cash Money as the lead single from the record. The song was written and produced by her and Afrojack, with additional songwriting provided by Hilton and Lil Wayne. A single release party was held at SBE's Create Nightclub in Hollywood on October 8. It's her third top 20 hit on the US Billboard Hot Dance/Electronic Songs.

Irish Daily Star

The Irish Daily Star (formerly known simply as The Star) is a tabloid newspaper published in Ireland by the Independent Star Limited, a joint venture between Reach plc, which owns the British Daily Star, and Independent News & Media.

The Irish Daily Star became known for its comprehensive in-depth coverage of and thorough focus on crime, often featuring sensational coverage. It also focuses heavily on celebrity matters, and has a large sports section. Between 2003 and 2011, a Sunday edition was published, as Irish Daily Star Sunday. Like its British tabloid counterpart, the Irish Daily Star has a red-top mast head.

Joseph Odermatt

Joseph Odermatt, known by his religious name as Eliseo María and by his papal name as Peter III, is the current Palmarian Catholic Church pope. Odermatt succeeded Ginés Jesús Hernández (Pope Gregory XVIII) after Hernández fell in love, lost his faith, resigned, and left the church.

José M. de Areilza

José M. de Areilza Carvajal, Count of Rodas, (born 1966 in Madrid, Spain) is Professor and Jean Monnet Chair at ESADE Business School, Ramón Llull University, Barcelona and Madrid and Secretary General of Aspen Institute España foundation, a partner institution of The Aspen Institute in the US.

He holds a masters and a doctorate in Law from Harvard University and is the author of works relating to the institutions of the European Union and the allocation of powers between the Union and Member States. He writes a weekly column on international affairs at ABC newspaper and is a member of its board of directors.

Neo-Mudéjar

The Neo-Mudéjar is a type of Moorish Revival architecture. In Spain, this architectural movement emerged as a revival of the Mudéjar style. It appeared in the late 19th century in Madrid, and soon spread to other regions of the country. Such architects as Emilio Rodríguez Ayuso perceived the Mudéjar art as characteristical and exclusive Spanish style. They started to construct buildings using some of the features of the ancient style, as horseshoe arches, arabesque tiling, and the use of the abstract shaped brick ornamentations for the façades.

Plaza de las Cuatro Calles, Toledo

The Plaza de las Cuatro Calles is a square located in the city of Toledo, in Castile-La Mancha, Spain. This square is the commercial heart of Toledo.Is the center of a five-armed star from which it reaches Zocodover by the north, the Cathedral by the south, the Teatro Rojas by the east and the Alcaná by the west.

Roy Makaay

Rudolphus Antonius "Roy" Makaay (born 9 March 1975) is a Dutch football manager and former footballer who played as a centre-forward. He was known for his goal-scoring ability as a result of his "aerial prowess and quick drives to the net where he can put the ball away with either foot."He began his career at Vitesse Arnhem and Tenerife before moving to Deportivo de La Coruña in 1999 and helping the side to their first La Liga title in his first season there. He also won the Copa del Rey in 2002 and the following season was given the European Golden Boot for a 29-goal haul. He remains the club's all-time leading goalscorer. He then moved to Bayern Munich for a then club record €18.75 million, where he picked up the nickname Das Phantom (the phantom), for his ability to score out of nowhere, as well as Tor Maschine (goal machine), for his consistent ability to find the back of the net. After winning two consecutive Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal doubles at Bayern, he returned to the Netherlands with Feyenoord in 2007.

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This breed has three types of hair, smooth, hard and "sedeño", being the only type of Iberian podencos/pondengos having the latter type of hair also transmitted, as with some other autochthonous breed, of randomly way among litters that born of straight hair. The sedeño variety of this breed is known as "Polserut", local word for a particular type of coat in this breed, though long, is substantially different in layout and texture.

Çağatay Ulusoy

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Daily newspapers published in Spain with circulation over 90,000*
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