A428 road

The A428 road is a major road in central and eastern England. It runs between the cities of Coventry and Cambridge by way of the county towns of Northampton and Bedford. Together with the A421, (and the A43, M40 and the A34), the eastern section (Cambridge to the A1) of the A428 forms the route between Cambridge and Oxford. The A428 was formerly part of the main route from Birmingham to Felixstowe before the A14 was fully opened in 1993.

UK road A428

A428
The A428 Road Bridge at Turvey - geograph.org.uk - 395968
The A428 bridge over the River Great Ouse at Turvey
Route information
Length82.9 mi[1] (133.4 km)
Major junctions
Northwest endCoventry
52°24′31″N 1°29′33″W / 52.4087°N 1.4925°W
  A4600
A444
A4082
A46
A4071
A426
A5
M1
A4500
A5080
A508
A5120
A4501
A45
A509
A422
A5141
A6
A5140
A421
A1
A1198
A1303
A14
Southeast endCambridge
52°13′55″N 0°04′40″E / 52.2319°N 0.0779°E
Location
Primary
destinations
Rugby
Northampton
Bedford
Cambridge
Coventry
Road network

Route

Coventry - Northampton

The road starts on the A4600 Sky Blue Way in Coventry, heading eastbound out of the city and meeting the A444 and A4082 roads before crossing the A46 Eastern Bypass and into Warwickshire. The road then passes through the village of Binley Woods before becoming more rural in nature, meeting the Fosse Way and crossing the River Avon at Bretford. 3.8 miles (6.1 km) further along, the road enters Rugby where it meets the A4071 and A426 and passes Rugby School. It then continues out of the town to the east through the suburb of Hillmorton and crosses the A5 near Daventry International Railfreight Terminal (DIRFT). It meets the M1 at its original terminus, junction 18, and bypasses the towns of Crick and West Haddon. The road passes the Althorp family estate, then enters Northampton.

Northampton - Cambridge

East of Northampton, the road passes Little Houghton, Brafield-on-the-Green and Yardley Hastings. After here it enters the borough of Milton Keynes where it meets the A509 at Warrington roundabout. Continuing towards Bedford, the road passes Lavendon and Cold Brayfield. Crossing the Great Ouse it enters Bedfordshire at Turvey, on to Bromham. It meets the A422 at a roundabout outside Bromham. The road bypasses Bromham and, leaving behind its former route east-bound through Bedford (which has become the A4280), swings southwards on a new alignment then, via a new bridge over the Great Ouse, merges with the A421 south of Kempston.

The A428 loses its identity here: the route continues as the A421 as it bypasses Bedford, Great Barford and Roxton and goes on to become the dual-carriageway A1 at the Black Cat Roundabout. Heading north, the route leaves the A1 via a grade separated junction just south of St Neots and regains its identity. Crossed by the East Coast Main Line, it leaves Bedfordshire for Cambridgeshire. The A428 from here to Cambridge follows the former A45, which became the A428 when the A14 opened. It meets the A1198 (former A14) at Caxton Gibbet roundabout near Papworth Everard. From here the road is dual carriageway, bypassing the existing single carriageway section near Hardwick. The route terminates, merging into the A14 at Girton interchange, where traffic joins first from the M11 junction 14 and then from the trunk A14 road junction 31.

Proposed developments

Oxford to Cambridge Expressway

In the "Road investment strategy" announced to Parliament by the Department for Transport and Secretary of State for Transport on 1 December 2014, planning will begin to dual the section between the A1 and the A1198 at Caxton Gibbet.[2] The announcement said that the A1/A421 Black Cat Roundabout would be replaced with a grade-separated junction,[2] just a few years after this roundabout was expensively upgraded. The link would provide an uninterrupted dual carriageway route between the M1 at Junction 13 and the A14 near Cambridge, part of a longer-term proposal to establish an "Oxford to Cambridge Expressway", via (or near) Milton Keynes.[2]

On 18 February 2019, Highways England announced final route selection for the new road between Caxton Gibbet and the Black Cat junction (which will cease to be a roundabout and become a three-level GSJ).[3]

History

The section between Cambridge and the A1 was originally part of the A45.

Bypasses and realignments

  • Crick (Bypassed, now unclassified)
  • West Haddon (Bypassed, now unclassified)
  • Little Houghton (Bypassed, now unclassified) (the 2-mile (3.2 km) £1.4 million bypass opened in December 1979)
  • Bromham (the 2-mile (3.2 km) £4.8 million bypass opened in September 1986)[4]
  • Bedford - The first section of the Bedford Western Bypass opened December 2009. The route, 3.2 miles (5.1 km) in length, commences at the Bromham Bypass on the east side of the river for approximately 1 mile (1.6 km). It then passes southwards crossing the River Great Ouse flood plain and bypasses Kempston to meet the A421 (A1-M1 link). The original route through Bedford was reclassified as the A4280.
  • St Neots bypass (opened in December 1985, originally designated as the A45. The former route through the town is now the B1428).
  • Eltisley bypass (opened in 1972, originally designated as the A45).

Recent Improvements

  • Cambourne: Bypassed by a 1.2 miles (1.9 km) stretch of dual carriageway opened in May 2003.
  • Caxton Gibbet: A two-lane £55 million dual carriageway section opened on 24 May 2007 after widening works started by the Highways Agency in August 2005,[5] linking this point to a grade-separated junction at Hardwick (about 5 miles (8 km) further east).[6]

References

  1. ^ "Directions to A428". Google. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "The east of England gets a £1.5 billion investment in its roads as part of the new 'Road investment strategy'. 1 December 2014".
  3. ^ "Route unveiled for major new road and junction at Black Cat". Highways England. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Bromham Timeline". Bedford Borough and Central Bedfordshire Libraries. 23 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  5. ^ "£55m 'commuter relief' road opens". BBC. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  6. ^ "Highways Agency". Archived from the original on 16 October 2006.

Coordinates: 52°09′43″N 0°37′06″W / 52.16193°N 0.61841°W

Biddenham

Biddenham is a large village and a civil parish in Bedfordshire, England, located to the west of Bedford near the A428 road.

The village largely serves as a dormitory settlement for Bedford, and also for commuters to London, being on the same side of the town centre as Bedford railway station. Biddenham is seen as a desirable location, with quaint thatched cottages in the older, southern end of the village, and a high proportion of large detached houses in the modern, northern end.

Biddenham is the location of the Manor Hospital, a BMI Healthcare private hospital. The village also contains St James Church, The Three Tuns pub, and a sports pavilion with a cricket pitch and a rugby field (interchangeable depending on the season).

Biddenham has one of the few remaining village ponds in Bedfordshire, located just off Gold Lane behind the Manor Hospital. Created as a carp pond by the Boteler family in 1700 to supply fish for the Biddenham Manor table, it eventually became known as the village pond but fell into disuse and became overgrown. In 1986 a group of villagers began a project to restore and maintain it as a nature conservation area and village amenity. The village pond is still going strong today under the guardianship of The Friends of the Biddenham Village Pond, a voluntary organisation. The pond is home to two rare species - the protected great crested newt and the introduced midwife toad. The dovecote built in a field next to the pond by Elizabeth Boteler in 1706 to provide meat and eggs for the manor table was demolished in 1966.

Biddenham International School and Sports College is located on Biddenham Turn. It is a state secondary school for Biddenham and the western part of Bedford. The school was originally named John Howard Upper School, but was renamed after a merger with another school in 1988. St Joseph's and St Gregory's Catholic Primary School is also located on Biddenham Turn. The school was formed following the merger of St Joseph's Lower and St Gregory's Middle in September 2017. St. James' Primary School, located on Main Road, is the village's primary school.

A sundial was installed in the village in 2000, inscribed with the location (Latitude North 52° 08' 40", Longitude West 000° 30' 05") and the phrase "Times Change and We With Them."

Binley Woods

Binley Woods is a suburban village and civil parish in Warwickshire, England. The village lies on the eastern outskirts of Coventry, outside the formal city boundaries. Binley Woods is within the Borough of Rugby, although the town of Rugby is around seven miles (11 km) to the east. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 2,665.The village is located 5 miles (8 km) to the east of central Coventry, on the A428 road, next to the junction with the A46 road. The village of Brandon lies 1.5 miles (2.5 km) to the east.

Brafield-on-the-Green

Brafield-on-the-Green is a civil parish and small village in South Northamptonshire.

Brandon, Warwickshire

Brandon is a small village in Warwickshire, England. Along with nearby Bretford, it forms part of a joint civil parish of Brandon and Bretford. Administratively it is part of the borough of Rugby. The River Avon passes just to the east of the village.

Brandon is located upon the A428 road between Coventry, 6 miles (9.5 km) to the west, and Rugby, 7 miles (11 km) to the east.

Brandon is separated from the much larger village of Wolston by a railway viaduct, but the two villages practically form a single entity. The railway viaduct dates from 1837 and was part of the original London and Birmingham Railway, The village used to have a railway station, but this was closed in 1960. 1.5 miles (2.5 km) west of Brandon is the suburban village of Binley Woods and 2 miles (3 km) to the east is the small village of Bretford.

The village contains a number of old cottages and has a pub near the railway line.

Just to the north of the village is Coventry Stadium, used for speedway racing, greyhound racing, and stock car racing.

The stadium is home to the Elite League speedway team the Coventry Bees.

West of the village is Brandon Marsh, a 228-acre (0.92 km2) nature reserve with a wide variety of wildlife, especially pondlife. The reserve's visitor centre was opened in 1998 by Sir David Attenborough. Also to the west and north of Brandon Marsh is Brandon Wood, a community woodland owned and managed by a local group the Friends Of Brandon Wood. The remains of Brandon Castle are found to the south of the village. The castle was built in the 12th century by Geoffrey de Clinton and fortified by stone a century later.

Brandon and Bretford

Brandon and Bretford is a civil parish in the Rugby borough of Warwickshire, England. It contains the village of Brandon and the smaller hamlet of Bretford. Both are within 1½ miles of each other, along the A428 road. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 588, increasing to 643 at the 2011 Census.There was formerly a railway station (closed in 1960) there on the Rugby–Birmingham–Stafford Line.

Bretford

Bretford is a small hamlet in Warwickshire, England. It is part of the parish of Brandon and Bretford.

Bretford lies at a junction between the A428 road (Coventry-Rugby) and the old Fosse Way. Just south of Bretford, the A428 (Fosse Way) crosses the River Avon on a five-arched, stone medieval bridge. The bridge is a Grade II listed building. It is too narrow for two-way traffic, and so is controlled by traffic lights.

Bromham, Bedfordshire

Bromham is a village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England, west of the town of Bedford. It is within commuting distance of London via Bedford railway station.

Cambourne

Cambourne is a new settlement and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, England, in the district of South Cambridgeshire. It lies on the A428 road between Cambridge, 9 miles (14 km) to the east, and St Neots and Bedford to the west. It comprises the three villages of Great Cambourne, Lower Cambourne and Upper Cambourne. The area is close to Bourn Airfield. Cambourne has been used by government departments and in school geography lessons, as it provides a useful case study of designing and building a settlement from scratch.Cambourne is the largest settlement in South Cambridgeshire, with a population of 8,186 in the 2011 UK census. Continued housebuilding and a high birthrate contribute to continued population increase, which was estimated at 10,076 in 2017.

Caxton, Cambridgeshire

Caxton is a small rural village and civil parish in the South Cambridgeshire district of Cambridgeshire, England. It is 9 miles west of the county town of Cambridge. In 2001, the population of Caxton parish was 480 people, increasing to 572 at the 2011 Census. Caxton is most famous for the Caxton Gibbet.

Croxton, Cambridgeshire

Croxton is a village and civil parish about 13 miles (21 km) west of Cambridge in South Cambridgeshire, England. In 2001, the resident population was 163 people, falling slightly to 160 at the 2011 Census. Croxton Park is to the south of the current village and contains a large house and parkland.

Denton, Northamptonshire

Denton is a small village and civil parish on the A428 road about 6 miles (10 km) south-east of Northampton. It has a pub, the Red Lion, a village hall, a Church of England parish church and a primary school.

The 2001 Census recorded the parish population as 767, decreasing

to 739 at the 2011 census.

Eltisley

Eltisley is a village and civil parish in South Cambridgeshire, England, on the A428 road about 5.5 miles (9 km) east of St Neots and about 11 miles (18 km) west of the city of Cambridge. The population in 2001 was 421 people, falling slightly to 401 at the 2011 Census.

Goldington

Goldington is an electoral ward within the town of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England. It encompasses much of the historic village and parish of Goldington that was merged with Bedford in 1934, although some parts of the old village are within the neighbouring Newnham ward. It also includes two modern estates that are part of Renhold Parish.

The boundaries of Goldington are approximately The Spires and Aspire estates to the north, Norse Road to the east, Goldington Road to the south, with Church Lane and Bow Hill to the west. The northern part of the area is sometimes known as Elms Farm.

Hardwick, Cambridgeshire

Hardwick is a village and civil parish in the county of Cambridgeshire, England with a large housing estate located about 6 miles (9.7 km) west of the city of Cambridge, England. The village lies immediately south of the A428 road between Cambridge and St Neots. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) east of the newly developed village of Cambourne. The village is nearly on the Greenwich Meridian. The northern border of the village is St Neots Road, now largely bypassed by the A428, with no houses or property on the north side of the road. In the 2001 census, the population was 2,630 in 946 households, increasing to 2,670 in 1,017 households at the 2011 Census.Historically, the hamlet of Hardwick is hundreds of years old with the first recorded mention in 991 AD and an entry in the Domesday Book of 1086. Hardwick used to consist of just a few houses and farmland around St Mary's Church, on what is now the southern edge of the hamlet. There are two sites with original water pumps, one near the church and the other quite central just off Pump Lane. The hamlet's bakery was sited next to a row of houses just to the east of the pub at the end closest to the church, and the only remnant is the shell of the building which has become a garage. In its very early years, Unipalm had an office in Broadway house, indirectly linking the village to the early history of commercial internet in the UK.

It has expanded greatly since the 1960s, mainly due to an estate of hundreds of houses built on the orchard land to the north of the original hamlet, with the roads taking the names of the displaced trees (e.g. Ellison, Bramley, Limes, Pippin, Quince, Worcester...). Although significant building ceased, a number of new houses have been built over the years all over the hamlet - wherever developers were able to acquire any plots of land; these are often the once large gardens of the earliest estate houses. The most recent significant development was Meridian Close.

The Blue Lion, the only pub in the hamlet, lies on Main Street. The Sports and Social Club is based next to the football and cricket pitches in the centre of the hamlet.

Hardwick Community Primary School is the local pre- and primary school for children in Hardwick. Children of secondary school age usually go on to attend Comberton Village College, located in Comberton, southwest of Hardwick.

The village shop and post office are also on Cambridge Road. A beauticians nearby took over the site, after significant refurbishment, of another village shop which had failed and lain empty for some years.

The hamlet has mains gas, sewage and water for most residents, though some off the main estate are not on mains gas.

Telephone and Internet service are provided using BT's infrastructure, focussed on the Madingley telephone (area code 01954), which is on the corner of Cambridge Road and St. Neots Road. PSTN and ADSL2/2+ services are provided by the exchange, and there are two FTTC (VDSL2/2+) cabinets. NTL/Virgin abandoned plans to fit cable TV about 1990 when their initial expansion plans ran out of cash, although they do have communication trunks running along St. Neots Road.

There are a number of local businesses at the edge, based on St Neots Road, in Newton House and Broadway House. In November 2006 part of Newton House burned down, destroying a takeaway food outlet and a Turkish restaurant, while the rest of the building has been left unoccupied pending reconstruction work. Broadway House is home to several businesses. The adjacent property is the Conservative Party headquarters for Cambridgeshire. Further west on St Neots Road a pet shop, a car repair/maintenance garage, an agricultural machinery merchant and a furniture store can be found.

In 2006 to 2007 the A428 was improved with a new section of dual carriageway, replacing the section of single carriageway, past Cambourne to Caxton Gibbet. Around the same time the postcode was changed from CB3 to CB23 for this sector.

Little Houghton, Northamptonshire

Little Houghton is a village and civil parish in Northamptonshire, England, located about 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Northampton. At the time of the 2001 census, the parish's population was 367 people, increasing to 412 at the 2011 census.The Church of England parish church is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin.

Just off the A428 road between Bedford and Northampton, the village overlooks old gravel pits, (now converted to reservoirs) and a canal. Just across the valley is Billing Aquadrome.

To the north at Clifford Hill by the river Nene is the surviving motte of Little Houghton Castle.

Long Lawford

Long Lawford is a village and civil parish in the Rugby borough of Warwickshire, England, located just west of Rugby, in 2001 the parish had a population of 2,831, increasing to 3,180 at the 2011 census.The village is one of four Lawfords in the locality, and is named long because, historically, the village ran along the road between Rugby and Coventry. The other three Lawfords are Church Lawford, Little Lawford and Lawford Heath.

The village is next to the A428 road. The Rugby to Coventry railway line (West Coast Main Line) runs through the village, but it has never had its own station.

The main manor house in Long Lawford is Holbrook Grange, the ancestral home of the Caldecotts. Although the house has now changed hands, the influences of the Caldecotts remain, with one of the two village public houses being "The Caldecott Arms".

Long Lawford is effectively a suburb of Rugby, although it is not administered as part of the town. There are three parts of Long Lawford:

the old village, which contains many old buildings and several pubs

a modern (1960s) council estate a primary school

a newer (1990s) residential area. Another development was built in 2006, just off the A428 road. The primary road in this development, 'Tee Tong Road', was named after the highest bidder (£1,300) in a Children in Need auction in November 2005.Recent archaeological excavations have found evidence that Long Lawford has been used as a settlement for 2000 years. Excavations of a Celtic Iron Age Village uncovered an iron age sword. The village is mentioned in the Domesday book referred to as Lelleford (The ford by the elders).The village is reputedly haunted by a one-armed spectre, known as One-handed Boughton.

Turvey, Bedfordshire

Turvey is a village and civil parish on the River Great Ouse in Bedfordshire, England, about 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Bedford. The village is on the A428 road between Bedford and Northampton, close to the border with Buckinghamshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,225.

West Haddon

West Haddon is a village in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire, England about 11 miles (18 km) north-west of Northampton and 7 miles (11 km) east of Rugby and just off the A428 road which by-passes the village. The population of civil parish was 1,718 at the 2011 Census. The villages of West Haddon and Crick were by-passed by the A428 main road from Rugby to Northampton when the Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal (DIRFT) was built in 1996 near junction 18 of the M1 Motorway, 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the village.

Yardley Hastings

Yardley Hastings is a village and civil parish in the English county of Northamptonshire. It is located south-east of the county town of Northampton and is skirted on its south side by the main A428 road to Bedford.

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