A40 road

The A40 is a major trunk road connecting London to Goodwick (Fishguard), Wales, and officially called The London to Fishguard Trunk Road (A40) in all legal documents and Acts. It is approximately 260 miles (420 km) long.

It is one of the few "old" trunk routes not to have been superseded by a direct motorway link. The southern section from Denham, Buckinghamshire to Oxford is now better served by the M40. Part of the A40 forms a section of the unsigned Euroroute E30, which the former Welsh Assembly Government referred to as "one of the lowest standard sections of the Trans European Road Network in the United Kingdom"[1]

UK road A40

A40
A40 road map
Holborn Viaduct December 2005
Holborn Viaduct carries the A40
Route information
Part of E30
Maintained by Highways England, English local authorities, South Wales Trunk Road Agency and North & Mid Wales Trunk Road Agency
Major junctions
East endCity of London
 
see also: A40 road (London)

A1
A501
A5
A406
A312
M40 Junction 1
A413
A355
M40 Junction 3
A404
M40 Junction 5
A329
M40 Junction 8/8A
A418
A420
A44
A361
A429
A436
A435
A46
M5 Junction 11
A38
A417
A48
A49
A466
A449
A465
A470
A483
A48
A477
A478
A487

West endGoodwick (Fishguard)
Location
Primary
destinations

Beaconsfield, High Wycombe, Oxford, Cheltenham, Gloucester, Ross-on-Wye, Monmouth, Abergavenny, Brecon, Llandovery, Llandeilo, Carmarthen, Haverfordwest, Fishguard
Road network

History

The original (1923) route of the A40 was the City of London to Fishguard. The road still begins and ends in the same places, but a number of changes have been made to its route.[2]

The first change dates from 1935, between Ross-on-Wye and Abergavenny. The original route of the A40 was via Skenfrith; this road was renumbered the B4521. The A40 was rerouted via Raglan; between Ross and Raglan it replaced part of the A48, between Raglan and Llanvihangel-nigh-Usk it replaced the B4234, and between Llanvihangel and Abergavenny it replaced part of the A471.

Subsequently, the A40 was rerouted within west London. Western Avenue dates from the 1930s, but was originally opened as the A403. After the Second World War, the A40 was rerouted along part of the A219 (west of Notting Hill) and Western Avenue. The old route (via Acton, Ealing, Southall, Hayes, Hillingdon and Uxbridge) was renumbered the A4020.

Route

Central London - Denham

For the A40 in London, see A40 road (London). In central London it is High Holborn and then Oxford Street. At Marble Arch it joins the A5 Edgware Road as far as the Marylebone Flyover to become Westway; formerly classified A40(M) as an elevated motorway; it is now an A-road. It takes the A40 to meet Western Avenue. For the greater part, this section is six lanes, otherwise four lanes. With two exceptions, Western Avenue forms a grade-separated motorway standard dual-carriageway between Paddington and the M40 motorway. The two at-grade intersections are Gypsy Corner and Savoy Circus; both of which are traffic light controlled. At Denham Roundabout, the six lane Western Avenue flows into the M40.

Denham - Oxford

The A40 branches off the Denham roundabout to run as a dual carriageway. After the junction with the A413, the A40 follows the same route as the M40 as a single carriageway, passing through Beaconsfield and High Wycombe. Beyond Stokenchurch the road is much quieter; when meeting the B4009 and A329 those roads have priority. Approaching Oxford, the A40 becomes a busy dual carriageway, carrying traffic from the M40 to Oxford and beyond. The route forms the eastern section of the Oxford ring road, crossing the A44 and A34.

Oxford - Cheltenham (M5)

After the road passes under the A34, the A40 reverts to single carriageway for 10 miles (16 km). It then turns to dual carriageway again to form the Witney bypass, with a grade-separated junction. The dual carriageway then finishes at a roundabout. For the rest of Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire until Cheltenham, other than for a few short stretches, the road is single carriageway. This section has the highest point of the entire A40 which is 250 m (820 ft) above sea level, located 5 km west of the A429 junction. Before Andoversford the A436 breaks off to the west to try to take traffic away from descending into the centre of Cheltenham itself. The road travels through Cheltenham town centre along at least two parallel routes (neither is part of a one-way system: Sandford Road and Montpellier Terrace make up one part, Thirlestaine Road and Suffolk Road the other). Becoming a dual carriageway, it passes GCHQ in Cheltenham and the three-level stacked roundabout junction with the M5 motorway. In February 2015, the Witney Oxford Transport Group proposed the reopening of Yarnton railway station as an alternative to improvements to the A40 road proposed by Oxfordshire County Council.[3][4]

Cheltenham (M5) - Abergavenny

The A40 is the Gloucester bypass, most of which is dual carriageway. The junction with the A48 to Chepstow is at Highnam. For the remainder of Gloucestershire, and a part of Herefordshire, the road is single carriageway until Ross-on-Wye. It connects with the M50 motorway, and forms part of the high quality dual carriageway between South Wales and the West Midlands. In Monmouthshire, the A40 has a grade separated junction with the A449, which continues as dual carriageway to Newport and the M4. The A40 travels west, still as dual carriageway, to Abergavenny.

Abergavenny - M50 junctions

A40 (T)
Eastbound exits Junction Westbound exits
The MIDLANDS Worcester (M50)
Ross-on-Wye
Roundabout Ross-on-Wye
The MIDLANDS Worcester (M50)
Hereford A49
Ross-on-Wye B4260
Wilton Roundabout Ross-on-Wye B4260
Hereford A49
Goodrich Goodrich Junction Goodrich
Hereford A4137
Goodrich B4229
Old Ross Road Junction Hereford A4137
Goodrich B4229
Whitchurch, Symond's Yat (West) Whitchurch Junction Whitchurch, Symond's Yat (West)
Exit only
Whitchurch
Whitchurch South Junction No exit or access
No exit or access Oak House Junction Crocker's Ash, Doward
Monmouth A466
Chepstow (A466), Forest of Dean (A4136) A40
Old Dixon Roundabout Monmouth A466
Monmouth A466 Wye Bridge Junction Chepstow (A466), Forest of Dean (A4136)
Monmouth, Trelleck B4293 Monnow Bridge Junction Monmouth, Trelleck B4293
No access or exit Mitchel Troy Junction Access only
Newport A449 Raglan Interchange Newport, Cardiff (M4) A449
Abergavenny (A40), Raglan, Mitchel Troy Raglan Junction Raglan
Mitchel Troy, Dingestow
Clytha
Raglan
Gwehelog
Raglan Roundabout Raglan
Gwehelog
Clytha
Hereford A465
Usk, Clytha B4598
Ysbytty Fields Roundabout No access or exit
Newport A4042
Merthyr Tydfil A465
Newport A4042
Merthyr Tydfil A465
Hereford A465

Abergavenny - Carmarthen

Beyond Abergavenny, the road returns to single carriageway, running through the eastern part of the Brecon Beacons National Park until Brecon. The section between Abergavenny and Brecon has one of the highest points of the A40 which is 200 metres (660 ft) above sea level and is located at Bwlch, which is Welsh for 'pass'. The Brecon Bypass is a short, lightly trafficked dual carriageway which runs around the south of the town. At the end of the Brecon bypass the roads returns to a single carriageway and roughly follows the northern edge of the Brecon Beacons until Llandeilo. The A40 continues to Carmarthen where as a dual carriageway it forms the eastern bypass, meeting the terminus of the A48 at Pensarn.

Carmarthen - Fishguard

At Carmarthen the A40 crosses the River Tywi twice with two 90-degree junctions and continues to St Clears on 10 miles (16 km) of dual carriageway. Thereafter, the road is a mixture of 2 or 3 lane single-carriageway until Fishguard. This section of road is controlled by the Welsh Assembly Government, which describes it as "one of the lowest standard sections of the Trans European Road Network in the United Kingdom".[1]

St Clears to Haverfordwest dualling There were plans in 2002 for a major improvement of the 23-mile stretch between St Clears and Haverfordwest which included upgrading to a dual carriageway; described as an extension of the national motorway network to the West Wales coast by virtue of the route from the M4 motorway being entirely dual carriageway.[5] The £60 million scheme was subject to a European Environmental Assessment. Within a couple of years, the project appeared to be dying a very quiet death, causing local newspapers to report it being an election stunt for the two marginal constituencies that would best benefit from the improvements. The following Welsh elections saw both constituencies change the party of majority. The political party at the centre of the row instead directed the project deferment to damning environmental statements by Friends of the Earth Cymru.[6][7] The scheme was officially scrapped in 2008 after a Welsh Assembly committee decided to abandon the proposals. Instead, it recommended upgrades to the existing route including bypasses around Robeston Wathen and Llanddewi Velfrey using a three-lane option. This was welcomed by the Friends of the Earth, saying "The dual carriageway on the A40 would increase traffic levels, increase the emission of greenhouse gases, it would be harmful for the environment, it would be hugely expensive. That money would be better spent on improving public transport, on health, on education, there's no need for it. We think the assembly committee has come to the right decision".[8]

Whitland Bypass The last improvement to the A40 on this section prior to the Welsh Assembly Government having the devolved responsibility for this road was a 4.1 kilometres (2.5 mi) £8 million bypass around Whitland. Constructed in 1994, the road started east of Black Bridge on the original A40, then running north of the town before rejoining the A40 at a new roundabout just west of Llain Cottage. The Secretary of State for Wales was asked a written question by Rhodri Morgan about adding a second carriageway to the Whitland bypass scheme, to which John Redwood replied "There are no proposals to add a second carriageway to the Whitland bypass. The design capacity of a single carriageway two-lane highway is more than adequate to cater with the anticipated traffic flows for the foreseeable future."[9]

Llanddewi Velfrey Bypass A new bypass has been granted approval by the Welsh Assembly Government at Llanddewi Velfrey in Pembrokeshire. The scheme would improve the A40 between Llanddewi Velfrey and Penblewin, to the west of St Clears and meet the aim of the targeted investment in infrastructure along the east-west road corridor in south Wales.[10] From the east, it is proposed that a roundabout would be created just north of Glenfield Farm, where the straight section from St Clears ends at Bethel Chapel, and then take a new route north-west of the town of Llanddewi Velfrey, south-west over Pentroydin Fawr and Penttroydin Fech farms with cattle underpasses, a new underpass beneath the existing Llanddewi Velfrey to Llanfallteg road, before going over the original A40 at Ffynnon Wood. To the west of Ffynnon Wood, the road would then cross back over the original A40 to the east of Henllan Lodge in a way to maintain the tree lined avenue to Henllan, then run parallel to the A40 on the north side of the existing A40 to a new roundabout at Penblewin and the junction with the A478.[11]

This was originally known as the Blue and Purple routes during the Consultation in 2006[12] for which 75% preferred the blue route, and only 20% preferred the red route. 54% felt the section from Ffynnon Wood and Penblewin Roundabout needed improvement, with both orange and purple routes preferred by 42% of the respondents. Welsh Water/Dwr Cymru expressed concerns with the red route affecting water mains and sewers, and Henllanfallteg Community Council felt the red route would not improve the quality of life in Llanddewi Velfrey. Pembrokeshire County Council expressed concerns that the route planned was a single carriageway, and that within seven years, a dual carriageway would be required.

Robeston Wathen Bypass A new bypass has been constructed between Penblewin and Slebech Park making the road straighter and with a '2+1' road layout to help improve overtaking opportunities.[13]

Starting to the west of Toch Lane (approx. 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Slebech), the route travels eastwards for 4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi), passing 200 metres (660 ft) south of Robeston Wathen, and ending 0.5 kilometres (0.31 mi) east of the village, just west of Flimstone Lane.

Construction started on the route in February 2009, with the works completed and the new road opening 1 March 2011. The road was built by Costain. The scheme was nearly £14 million over the initial budget of £27.6 million, eventually costing £41.4 million. The Welsh Assembly Government explains this increase as being the result of inflation and land costs, saying the original budget did not include either, as well as additional statutory procedures, additional works following some design standards, and the increase in VAT.[14]

The Kell The Kell is located on a section of the A40 that forms a north-south corridor between Fishguard, 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the north and Haverfordwest, 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) to the south, close to Treffgarne and Spittal. The improvement saw about 0.48 kilometres (0.30 mi) of new trunk road commencing at a point on the trunk road approximately 622 metres south of the centreline of the junction of the A40 trunk road with the C3059 road to Spittal and extending in a generally northerly direction to a point approximately 112 metres south of the junction of the trunk road with the C3059 road to Spittal.[15] This resulted in the road being rerouted through pasture to the east of the original road, taking a right hand bend about 160 metres (520 ft) south of The Old Mill, taking a 5.5% gradient, and rejoining the original road 210 metres (690 ft) north of The Kell. The original road has subsequently been converted to an access road for The Old Mill, Beavers Lodge and The Kell, accessing the new road at The Old Mill.

Fishguard Bypass The Fishguard Bypass was planned to provide a more direct route with greater capacity to the Port of Fishguard at Goodwick avoiding the town centre of Fishguard. It was constructed during the late 1990s and opened in 2000. It takes the form of a three-lane carriageway on an approx. 10% gradient around the western edge of Fishguard. It runs from its highest point at Rafael roundabout 1 km south of Fishguard town in a generally northerly direction to its lowest point at Windy Hall roundabout where it rejoins the old A40 route at Gasworks Hill. The bypass is concurrent with a section of the A487 trunk road with the A40 dominant.[16][17]

Gallery

Hoover Building 1

The Hoover Building on A40 is a Tesco supermarket

The A40 at Monmouth - geograph.org.uk - 606053

A40 at Monmouth

The last few metres of the A40, Fishguard - geograph.org.uk - 1512235

Western end of A40 at Goodwick

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Welsh Assembly Government
  2. ^ [1] Road to Nowhere: A40 Ross-on-Wye to Abergavenny
  3. ^ Elvery, Martin (5 February 2015). "Campaigners want new railway station at Yarnton to ease A40 congestion in West Oxfordshire". Witney Gazette. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.oxfordshireguardian.co.uk/bid-to-reopen-train-track-ahead-of-key-rail-summit/
  5. ^ "Dual carriageway for west Wales". BBC News. 21 March 2002.
  6. ^ A40 dual carriageway safety claim challenged
  7. ^ FOE Briefing
  8. ^ "A40 dual carriageway plan blocked". BBC News. 4 December 2008.
  9. ^ Hansard
  10. ^ Welsh Assembly Government
  11. ^ Llanddewi Velfrey Bypass Route (Welsh Assembly Government
  12. ^ A40 Llanddewi Velfrey to Penblewin Public Consultation
  13. ^ Welsh Assembly Government: Penblewin Improvements Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Over-budget Penblewin to Slebech Park bypass opens". BBC News. 16 March 2011.
  15. ^ Statutory Instrument 3192 (2009)
  16. ^ Fishguard Bypass Roundabout
  17. ^ Rafael Roundabout

Further reading

  • Edward Platt, Leadville: A Biography of the A40 (Picador, 2001). ISBN 0-330-39263-8.

Coordinates: 51°52′42″N 2°01′51″W / 51.87824°N 2.03084°W

A40 road (Northern Ireland)

The A40 links Derry in the North West of Northern Ireland to Raphoe in County Donegal.

A40 road in London

The A40 is a major trunk road connecting London to Fishguard, Wales. The A40 in London passes through seven London Boroughs: the City of London, Camden, Westminster, Kensington & Chelsea, Hammersmith & Fulham, Ealing and Hillingdon, to meet the M40 motorway junction 1 at Denham, Buckinghamshire.

The road has been re-routed several times in the last 100 years – part of the route of the London section of the A40 was laid out in the 1920s and 1930s when Western Avenue was built – now most of it is grade-separated, dual carriageway (divided highway). In the 1960s Westway was constructed, easing traffic access to and from the centre of the city. The A40 links the City of London and the West End to the M40 motorway and M25 motorway. The route is called The London to Fishguard Trunk Road (A40) in legal documents and acts.

A4136 road

The A4136 road is the main road through the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England and Monmouthshire, Wales. At its western end it connects to the A466 road at Wyesham, which is a short distance from Wye Bridge and the A40 road at Monmouth. Its eastern end at Huntley, Gloucestershire also connects to the A40. It is 16.5 miles (26.6 km) long, a shortcut of approximately 3.8 miles (6.1 km) relative to the A40.

A482 road

The A482 road is a major route in the Welsh counties of Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire. It connects Aberaeron on the coast (junction with the A487 road) and the A40 road at Llanwrda near Llandovery and is 29 miles (47 km) in length.

Bancyfelin

Bancyfelin is a village, 5 miles (8 km) west of Carmarthen in West Wales.

Bancyfelin is a small village in south west Wales located between St Clears and Carmarthen. The English translation of the name from the Welsh language is Hill of the Mill / "Millhill"(Banc-y-felin). There is no remnant of the mill today.

Up until the 1980s the village was plagued by traffic jams in the summer months due to holidaymakers journeying to Tenby and Pendine Sands, however, a new dual carriageway bypass means traffic passes the village.

The village is located mainly on the old A40 road, with the exception of the Council Estate built on a nearby hill. The village has gradually expanded through the 1990s and 2000s with the building of houses on the outskirts taking advantage of the countryside location.

The village has a small primary school, a post office, a pub, a chapel and a garage. Bancyfelin also has a family run bakery called Hafod Bakery, which has been baking bread for around 60 years.

Werndale Hospital, run by BMI Healthcare, is located at the western end of the village.

Barton, Oxfordshire

Barton is a suburb of Oxford, England on the city's eastern edge. Barton is just outside the Northern By-Pass Road, north of Headington Roundabout where North Way (part of the A40 road) and the Eastern By-pass (part of the A4142) meet London Road (part of the A40 to the east and A420 road to the west). Headington roundabout is colloquially called either Green Road Roundabout or, more recently, The Hamburger.

Bayswater Road

Bayswater Road is the main road running along the northern edge of Hyde Park in London. Originally part of the A40 road, it is now designated part of the A402 road.

In the east, Bayswater Road originates from the Marble Arch junction, and at its western end it continues into Notting Hill Gate. It is mostly within the City of Westminster but a small portion of the road's western end lies in Kensington and Chelsea.

It is where the fictional upper-middle class Forsyte family live in John Galsworthy's The Forsyte Saga.

Like Oxford Street to the east, Bayswater Road follows the course of the old Roman road linking London with Silchester.

Bwlch

Bwlch (meaning a pass in Welsh) is a small village and an electoral ward in Powys, southern Wales. The settlement is strung out along the A40 road which crosses a low col above the Usk Valley at this point on its route between Brecon and Crickhowell. The village is a part of the administrative community of Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch and Cathedine.

Cwmcarvan

Cwmcarvan (Welsh: Cwmcarfan) is a small rural village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales. It is located 4 miles south west of Monmouth and about 4 miles east of Raglan, off the old A40 road not far from Trellech.

Cwrt y Gollen

Cwrt y Gollen ("Hazel Court") was a British Army training base 2 miles (3 km) south-east of Crickhowell, just north of the A40 road and the River Usk.

Gloucestershire Parkway railway station

Gloucestershire Parkway railway station is or was a proposed development in transport infrastructure for a semi-greenfield site surrounded by warehouse and light industry units 1.4 miles (2.3 km) east of Gloucester city centre (including its main railway station) which is on a major east-west spur line off of the greater north-south Birmingham-to-Bristol line on which this station would be built. The proposed site is specifically by an intra-city (urban) part of the inceptive A40 road in an area known as Elmbridge Court, Gloucester, England, UK.

List of roads in the Isle of Man

List of roads on the Isle of Man.

Llansadwrn

Llansadwrn is a small village and community in Carmarthenshire, Wales.

It is located in the countryside above the valley of the River Tywi, about halfway between Llanymddyfri (or Llandovery) to the north-east, and Llandeilo to the south-west. It is just off the A40 road, between Carmarthen (about 20 miles SW) and Brecon (about 25 miles E). The community is bordered by the communities of Cynwyl Gaeo, Llanwrda, Myddfai, Llangadog, Manordeilo and Salem, and Talley; all of these are in Carmarthenshire.

Northolt

Northolt is a historic town in the London Borough of Ealing, London, England, and is 11 miles (17.7 km) west-northwest of Charing Cross.

Essentially a suburban development, a feature is the Grand Union Canal, as is the A40 road and a history of pony racing.

Penpergwm

Penpergwm is a village in south Wales, situated along the A40 road, 3.9 miles south-east of Abergavenny and 19 miles west of Monmouth. The village was formerly host to a railway station on the Welsh Marches Line, but it closed in 1958. The former station house is now a private residence.The former British politician Francis Pym was born in Penpergwm Lodge in the village.

Polish War Memorial

The Polish War Memorial is a war memorial in West London, England in memory of airmen from Poland who served in the Royal Air Force as part of the Polish contribution to World War II. It is in South Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon beside the A40 road at the roundabout junction with the A4180 road. It is near RAF Northolt, where seven Polish-manned fighter squadrons were based at different times in the war.

The monument is a prominent local landmark. The term "Polish War Memorial" is commonly used as the name of the junction between A40 and A4180 roads, as well as for the monument itself.

The monument is a Grade II listed building.

Postcombe

Postcombe is a village in the civil parish of Lewknor, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Thame in Oxfordshire. It is on the A40 road with the Chiltern Hills to the east and the M40 motorway just to the south.

In 1971–73 the M40 Archaeological research group excavating a site at Postcombe

found three Saxon graves, one of which was of a child. A bronze buckle in one of the graves dated the burials to the 7th century.The village has a public house, England's Rose, that was formerly The Feathers. There is also a filling station. The current Lord of the Manor is Nigel Ross Parsons.

Wycombe Marsh

Wycombe Marsh is a hamlet in Buckinghamshire, England, which has been absorbed into the expanding suburbs of High Wycombe. It lies approximately 1.5 miles South East from the centre of High Wycombe, and approximately a mile to the West of Loudwater. At the 2011 the population was included in the Wycombe Ward of Ryemead. To the North lies the River Wye and the A40 road to London, while to the South lies woodland and part of the Chiltern Hills.

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