A. Scott Berg

Andrew Scott Berg (born December 4, 1949) is an American biographer.

After graduating from Princeton University in 1971, Berg expanded his senior thesis on editor Maxwell Perkins into a full-length biography, Max Perkins: Editor of Genius (1978), which won a National Book Award.[1][a] His second book Goldwyn: A Biography was published in 1989.

Berg's third book Lindbergh, a highly anticipated biography of aviator Charles Lindbergh was published in 1998, becoming a New York Times Best Seller,[2] and winning the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. In 2003 Berg published Kate Remembered, a biography-cum-memoir about his friendship with actress Katharine Hepburn that received mixed reviews. His biography of Woodrow Wilson was published in 2013.

Berg also wrote the story for Making Love (1982), a controversial film that was the first major studio drama to address the subjects of gay love, closeted marriages, and coming out. He has contributed articles to magazines such as Architectural Digest and Vanity Fair.

A. Scott Berg
A. Scott Berg at the 2013 Texas Book Festival
A. Scott Berg at the 2013 Texas Book Festival
BornAndrew Scott Berg
December 4, 1949 (age 69)
Norwalk, Connecticut, United States
OccupationBiographer, journalist
EducationPalisades Charter High School
Princeton University
Period1978–present
Notable worksLindbergh (1998)
Kate Remembered (2003)
Notable awardsNational Book Award
1980
Pulitzer Prize
1999

Early life

Berg was born in Norwalk, Connecticut. The son of Barbara (Freedman) Berg and film producer Dick Berg, Berg was raised Jewish.[3] When Berg was eight, his family relocated to Los Angeles, California.[3] While a sophomore at Palisades Charter High School, Berg researched the author F. Scott Fitzgerald (a favorite of Barbara's, who named her son in part after Fitzgerald) for a report and "developed a mania" for his writing.[4] Berg read all of Fitzgerald's works and later recalled: "It was the first time I saw the fusion of an artist and his life, a tragic and romantic life."[5]

He applied to Princeton University, primarily because it was Fitzgerald's alma mater,[6] and was accepted in 1967. At Princeton, Berg performed in the Princeton Triangle Club theater troupe and considered dropping out to become an actor, though he was convinced by English professor Carlos Baker, a well-regarded biographer of Ernest Hemingway, to "graduate, so at least you'll be an actor with a college degree".[4] Berg studied under Baker,[7] who offered him "constant encouragement and counsel" on his senior thesis, which was a study of editor Maxwell Perkins's career between 1919 and 1929.[8]

Career

1971 - 1998

After graduating from Princeton in 1971, Berg decided to expand the thesis into a full-length biography, thinking it would take around nine months.[9] He also formulated a career plan at this time, and later recalled: "I did tell myself early on: I think it would be interesting, perhaps, to spend a career writing a half-dozen biographies of twentieth-century American cultural figures—each one, as I often use as my metaphor, a different wedge of the great apple pie."[10] The Perkins biography, Max Perkins: Editor of Genius, took longer than Berg anticipated and was eventually published in 1978, winning a National Book Award in Biography.[1][a] In 2016, The New Yorker credited Berg with "almost single-handedly rescu[ing] Maxwell Perkins from the anonymity he desired."[11]

In 1982, Berg was approached by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. to write a biography of his father, the independent film producer Samuel Goldwyn. Berg initially turned the project down, telling Goldwyn that "he was interested in American culture, not Hollywood," but changed his mind after visiting Goldwyn's archives and discovering gin rummy I.O.U.s, menus from Goldwyn's dinner parties, and "all the quotidian minutiae that are a biographer's dream".[13] He won a 1982 Guggenheim Fellowship, which helped finance his work on the biography.[14] The same year, Berg wrote the story for Making Love, a controversial film that was the first major studio drama to address the subjects of homosexual love, closeted marriages, and coming out.[15][16] He also narrated Directed by William Wyler, a 1986 documentary about the filmmaker William Wyler for which Berg interviewed Wyler, Bette Davis, Audrey Hepburn, Laurence Olivier, and Barbra Streisand, among others.[17] In 1989, Berg published Goldwyn: A Biography, his second biography.

After completing Goldwyn in 1989, Berg began the search for his next subject, who he wanted to be "another great American cultural figure but — because I had written about Perkins and Goldwyn — not somebody from the worlds of publishing or film".[18] After briefly considering Tennessee Williams, Berg decided to research the aviator Charles Lindbergh, attracted by what he described as "the dramatic possibilities of the story of the great hero who became a great victim and a great villain".[18] Berg convinced Lindbergh's widow, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, to grant him unprecedented access to the man's archives, which he was surprised to find totaled "1,300 boxes, or several million papers".[19]

The biography, Lindbergh, was highly anticipated; prior to its publication, the book's film rights were bought, sight unseen, by Steven Spielberg, who planned to direct a movie of it.[20] Published in 1998, Lindbergh sold about 250,000 copies in hardcover,[21] and won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. Berg was noted for his exhaustive research,[20] as well as his sympathetic, but by no means uncritical, approach to Lindbergh, whose alleged anti-Semitism he addressed in a straightforward, unblinking manner.

1998 - present

From 1998 to 2000, Berg wrote Kate Remembered, a biography-cum-memoir detailing his 20-year friendship with the Hollywood actress Katharine Hepburn.[22] The book was published on July 11, 2003, only 12 days after Hepburn's death. It spent 11 weeks on the New York Times Nonfiction Best Seller list,[23] but received uneasy critical response. In The New York Times, Robert Gottlieb called it an "odd and unsettling book [that leaves] a sense of exploitation", and gossip columnist Liz Smith, a friend of Hepburn's, called Berg "vain and narcissistic", and declared the book "[s]elf-promoting fakery....Hepburn would have despised it and his betrayal of her friendship."[24][25] Berg responded in a written statement, saying that he was "truly shocked at Liz Smith's professional behaviour — or, more accurately, her lack thereof" in "her personal assault on my reputation, one that stops just short of character assassination".[25]

Berg served on Princeton University's Board of Trustees from 1999 to 2003. In 2000, he began researching a biography of Woodrow Wilson, of whom Berg says, "I have an image of him in my mind that is unlike any picture I have seen anywhere else, based on material at Princeton and 35 years of researching and thinking about him".[26] Wilson was published on September 10, 2013.

In the 2010s, Berg began working increasingly in film and television. He worked for Warner Bros. on an unrealized film adaptation of his favorite childhood television series, 77 Sunset Strip, and served as an executive producer of Genius, the 2016 film adaptation of his Maxwell Perkins biography.[27] Berg was also a consulting producer on the 2017 Amazon series The Last Tycoon.[28]

In 2017, Berg announced that he was researching a biography of Thurgood Marshall, explaining that a definitive biography had not been written and that the project would allow him to explore the subject of race, "the most important topic this country must grapple with in the next few decades".[29]

Personal life

Berg lives with his partner Kevin McCormick, a film producer, in Los Angeles.[30][31] His brothers are Jeff Berg, former CEO of International Creative Management, a leading Hollywood talent and literary agency; and music producer and musician Tony Berg. His youngest brother Rick is a partner and manager at the production company Code Entertainment. His niece is Z Berg, a musician of The Like and JJAMZ.

Bibliography

  • Max Perkins: Editor of Genius (1978)
  • Goldwyn: A Biography (1989)
  • Lindbergh (1998)
  • Kate Remembered (2003)
  • Wilson (2013)
  • World War I and America: Told by the Americans Who Lived It (editor, 2017)

Notes

  1. ^ a b This was the 1980 award for paperback Biography.
    From 1980 to 1983 in National Book Award history there were dual hardcover and paperback awards in most categories, and multiple nonfiction subcategories. Most of the paperback award-winners were reprints, including this one.

References

  1. ^ a b "National Book Awards – 1980". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
  2. ^ "BEST SELLERS: January 24, 1999", The New York Times, 1999-01-24. Retrieved on 2007-11-26.
  3. ^ a b Lamb, Brian. Lindbergh: by A. Scott Berg Archived 2013-09-21 at the Wayback Machine (interview transcript), Booknotes, 1998-12-20. Retrieved on 2011-12-31.
  4. ^ a b Merritt, J. I. "Biographer A. Scott Berg '71 confronts the remarkable -- and still controversial -- flier, 'a great lens for observing the American century'", Princeton Alumni Weekly, 1998-11-18. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  5. ^ Hafkin, Jessica. "Stories of 20th century heroes: Biographer A. Scott Berg '71" Archived March 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Princetonian, 2001-04-14. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  6. ^ "The Great Gatsby: Recommended by A. Scott Berg" Archived 2007-11-02 at the Wayback Machine, Academy of Achievement Recommended Books. Retrieved on 2007-11-26.
  7. ^ Zernike, Kate. "Havana To Unlock Hemingway Papers", The New York Times, 2002-09-21. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  8. ^ Berg (1978.) Max Perkins: Editor of Genius, p. 455.
  9. ^ Silver, Allison. "Writing the Good Life" (fee required), The New York Times, 1981-11-08. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  10. ^ Yardley, Jonathan. Interview with A. Scott Berg (video), Kentucky Author Forum, 1998. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  11. ^ Friend, Tad. "Ghost Editor," The New Yorker 20 Jun. 2016.
  12. ^ "Pulitzer Prize winning author A. Scott Berg on his new book, Wilson". youtube.com. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  13. ^ Harmetz, Aljean. "A Child of the Movies Writes About a Mogul", The New York Times, 1989-03-27. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  14. ^ 1982 Fellows Page Archived 2008-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  15. ^ Arnold, Thomas K. "Piggybacking on 'Brokeback'", USA Today, 2006-02-06. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  16. ^ "The Back Pages: Making History" Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, The Advocate, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  17. ^ Canby, Vincent. "FILM FESTIVAL; Study of William Wyler Includes Documentary", The New York Times, 1986-09-20. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  18. ^ a b Berg (2003.) Kate Remembered. p. 179-182.
  19. ^ Weinraub, Bernard. "At the Movies: Lindbergh Flies, Author Learns", The New York Times, 1998-04-10. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  20. ^ a b Hindes, Andrew. "Spielberg eyes sky", Variety, 1998-04-03. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  21. ^ Arnold, Martin. "MAKING BOOKS: They're Bigger. But Better?", The New York Times, 1999-10-28. Retrieved on 2007-11-26.
  22. ^ Fitzgerald, Carol, and Roberta O'Hara. "Interview", Bookreporter.com, 2003-08-08. Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  23. ^ "BEST SELLERS: October 5, 2003", The New York Times, 2003-10-05. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  24. ^ Gottlieb, Robert. "Bringing Up Biographer", The New York Times, 2003-08-17. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  25. ^ a b DiGiacomo, Frank. "Kate Dismembered", The New York Observer, 2003-09-29. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  26. ^ Greenstein Altmann, Jennifer. "Illuminating lives: Berg researches Wilson biography while teaching ‘Life Writing’", Princeton Weekly Bulletin, 2008-02-18. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  27. ^ Fleming, Mike. "How Scott Berg Detoured From Woodrow Wilson Bio to ’77 Sunset Strip’ Feature Film," Deadline Hollywood 18 Mar. 2010.
  28. ^ Barnes, Brooks. "Amazon Tackles Hollywood’s F. Scott Fitzgerald Obsession," The New York Times 20 Jul. 2017.
  29. ^ Parker, Adam. "Biographer A. Scott Berg talks about researching, writing process," The Post and Courier 16 Apr. 2017.
  30. ^ Carney, Brian T. "An interview with out biographer A. Scott Berg," Washington Blade 24 June 2016.
  31. ^ Berg (2003.) Kate Remembered. p. 318.

Further reading

External links

1999 Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prizes for 1999 were announced on April 12, 1999.

Bellamy salute

The Bellamy salute is a palm-out salute described by Francis Bellamy, the author of the American Pledge of Allegiance, as the gesture which was to accompany the pledge. During the period when it was used with the Pledge of Allegiance, it was sometimes known as the "flag salute". Both the Pledge and its salute originated in 1892. Later, during the 1920s and 1930s, Italian fascists and Nazis adopted a salute which was very similar, and which was derived from the Roman salute, a gesture that was popularly (albeit erroneously) believed to have been used in ancient Rome. This resulted in controversy over the use of the Bellamy salute in the United States. It was officially replaced by the hand-over-heart salute when Congress amended the Flag Code on December 22, 1942.

Berg (surname)

Berg is a surname of North European origin. In several Germanic languages (e.g. German, Dutch, Norwegian, and Swedish (Danish: Bjerg)), the word means "mount", "mountain" or "cliff". Notable people with the surname include:

In music:

Alban Berg (1885–1935), Austrian composer

Andrea Berg, German singer

Bob Berg (1951–2002), American jazz saxophonist

Cia Berg (born 1963), Swedish singer and television presenter

Cy Berg vaudeville performer and the "Berg" in the group Witt & Berg

Else Berg (1877–1942), Dutch painter

Emil Berg, Swedish singer

Espen Berg (born 1983), Norwegian jazz pianist and composer

Gunnar Berg (composer) (1909–1989), Swiss-born Danish composer

Joakim Berg (born 1970), lead singer of the Swedish band Kent

Lillie Berg (1845–1896), American musician, musical educator

Moe Berg (musician) (born 1959), Canadian singer-songwriter

Shelly Berg (born 1955), American jazz pianist and educator

Yung Berg (born 1986), American rapperIn media and the arts:

A. Scott Berg (born 1949), American biographer

Adam Berg (director) (born 1972), Swedish music video director, brother of Joakim Berg

Alan Berg (1934–1984), American talk radio host

Carol Berg, fantasy writer

Dave Berg (cartoonist) (1920–2002), American cartoonist for MAD

Dick Berg (1922–2009), American screenwriter and producer

Elizabeth Berg (author) (born 1948), American novelist

Gertrude Berg (1894–1966), American radio and television actress

Gretchen J. Berg, American television producer

Gunnar Berg (painter) (1863–1893), Norwegian painter

Guri Berg (born 1963), Norwegian sculptor

John Berg (actor) (1949–2007), American actor

John Berg (art director), (1932–2015), American art director

Lene Berg, (born 1965), Norwegian film director

Nancy Berg (born 1931), American model and actress

Peter Berg, American actor, film director, producer and writerIn politics and religion

Axel Berg (born 1959), German politician

Bruno II von Berg (c. 1100 – 1137), Archbishop of Cologne

Charles A. Berg (1927-2014), American farmer and politician

David Berg (1919–1994), founder of the religious movement Children of God

Delmer Berg (1915-2016), American member of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade during the Spanish Civil War; labor union activist

Eivinn Berg (1931–2013), Norwegian diplomat and politician

Friedrich Wilhelm Rembert von Berg (1793–1874), Russian statesman and military figure

Gordon Berg (1927–2013), American farmer and politician

Gunnar Berg (politician) (1923–2007), Liberal Party politician

Gunner Berg, Norwegian priest, writer and politician

Herbert Berg (religion), religious studies professor at the University of North Carolina

John Berg (priest) (born 1970), American Catholic cleric

Jónína Kristín Berg (born 1962), Icelandic neopagan leader, art teacher and aromatherapist

Julius S. Berg (1893–1938), New York politician

Michael Berg (born 1945), politician and anti-war activist, father of Nick Berg

Philip Berg (1927–2013), founder of the Kabbalah Centre

Philip J. Berg (born 1944), activist and former deputy attorney general of Pennsylvania

Moe Berg (1902–1972), U.S. baseball player and spy

Nick Berg (1978–2004), American businessman beheaded in Iraq

Ove H. Berg (1840-1922), American politician

Stephen Jay Berg (born 1951), American Catholic bishopIn science, medicine, and technology

Werner Heisenberg (born 1901), German Theoretical physics awarded 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics

Gabriele Berg (born 1963), German biologist and ecologist

Jeremy M. Berg, the director of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Lev Berg (1876–1950), biologist and geographer

Max Berg (1870–1947), German architect and urban planner

Nathaniel Berg, president of the Guam medical society

Otto Berg (scientist) (1873–1939), German chemist, co-discoverer of the element rhenium

Otto Karl Berg (1815–1866), German botanist and pharmacist

Paul Berg (born 1926), American biochemist

Raissa L. Berg (1913–2006), Russian geneticist and evolutionary biologistIn sport

Aki-Petteri Berg (born 1977), Finnish ice hockey player

Allen Berg (born 1961), Canadian racing driver

Andrea Berg (volleyball) (born 1981), German volleyball player

Dave Berg (infielder), (born 1970) a retired Major League Baseball player

Jan Berg (footballer born 1943), Norwegian footballer

Jan Berg (footballer born 1965), Norwegian footballer

Jan Berg (Finnish footballer) (born 1985)

Justin Berg (born 1984), Major League Baseball player

Henning Berg (born 1969), Norwegian football player

Herbert Berg (bobsleigh), German bobsledder

Lindsey Berg (born 1980), American volleyball player

Marcus Berg (born 1986), Swedish football (soccer) player

Moe Berg (1902–1972), American baseball player and spy

Odd Berg (footballer) (born 1952), Norwegian football player

Odd Berg (cyclist) (born 1923), Norwegian cyclist

Otto Berg (athlete) (1906–1991), Norwegian long jumper

Patty Berg (1918–2006), American golfer

Viktor Berg (born 1977), Canadian squash playerIn other fields

Bryan Berg (born 1975) professional cardstacker

Gunnar Berg (Scouting) (1897–1987), Norwegian American director of the Boy Scouts of America

Odd Berg (ship-owner born 1894) (1894–1973), Norwegian ship-owner

Odd Berg (ship-owner born 1907) (1907–2005), Norwegian ship-owner

Paavo Berg (1911–1941), Finnish fighter ace

Richard Berg, wargame designer

Carlos Baker

Carlos Baker (May 5, 1909, Biddeford, Maine – April 18, 1987, Princeton, New Jersey) was an American writer, biographer and former Woodrow Wilson Professor of Literature at Princeton University. He earned his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D at Dartmouth, Harvard, and Princeton respectively. Baker's published works included several novels and books of poetry and various literary criticisms and essays.

In 1969 he published the well-regarded scholarly biography of Ernest Hemingway, Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. However, in "Selected Letters of Martha Gellhorn," (Hemingway's third wife) she criticizes Baker's assertions concerning her affair and marriage to Hemingway, and indicates that Baker was frequently wrong about those matters she experienced personally, and which Baker wrote about. Ernest Hemingway never met Baker, according to Hemingway's fourth wife, Mary Welsh Hemingway, who also asserts in her 1976 book "How It Was" that Hemingway deliberately chose someone who never knew him. Mary does not offer a specific reason for this choice, but Baker had published "Hemingway: The Writer as Artist" in 1952, which favorably treated Hemingway's work to that date.

Baker's other major works include biographies of Percy Bysshe Shelley and Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Baker taught biographer A. Scott Berg while Berg was an undergraduate at Princeton in the late 1960s. Berg recalled that Baker "changed my life," and convinced him to quit acting to concentrate on his thesis, a study of editor Maxwell Perkins. Berg eventually expanded his thesis into the National Book Award-winning biography Max Perkins: Editor of Genius (1978), which he dedicated in part to Baker.

Genius (2016 film)

Genius is a 2016 British-American biographical drama film directed by Michael Grandage and written by John Logan, based on the 1978 National Book Award-winner Max Perkins: Editor of Genius by A. Scott Berg. The film stars Colin Firth, Jude Law, Nicole Kidman, Dominic West, and Guy Pearce. It was selected to compete for the Golden Bear at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival.

Kate Remembered

Kate Remembered is a book released on July 11, 2003 by A. Scott Berg, which tells the story, life, and his experiences with actress Katharine Hepburn. The book was released 12 days after Hepburn's death at 96 on June 29. The book received mixed reviews.

Lindbergh (book)

Lindbergh is a 1998 Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Charles Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg. The book became a New York Times Best Seller and won the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for biography.

My Foolish Heart (film)

My Foolish Heart is a 1949 American film which tells the story of a woman's reflections on the bad turns her life has taken. The film was directed by Mark Robson, and stars Dana Andrews and Susan Hayward.

Adapted from J. D. Salinger's 1948 short story "Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut", this remains the only authorized film adaptation of Salinger's work; the filmmakers' infidelity to his story famously precluded any possibility of film versions of other Salinger works, including The Catcher in the Rye. The film inspired the Danish story Mit dumme hjerte by Victor Skaarup.

Norwalk, Connecticut

Norwalk is a U.S. city located in southwestern Connecticut, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound. Norwalk is included statistically within both the New York metropolitan area as well as the Bridgeport metropolitan area.Norwalk was settled in 1649, and is now the sixth most populous city in Connecticut. According to the 2010 United States Census the city had a population of 85,603; with an estimated population of 88,438 in 2016.

One Heavenly Night

One Heavenly Night is a 1931 American pre-Code film, produced by Samuel Goldwyn, released through United Artists, and directed by George Fitzmaurice.

The plot here revolves around a poor-but-honest flower girl who agrees to impersonate an opera star. This film brought Goldwyn his worst reviews and largest financial loss ($300,000) since going independent in 1923. However, the profits from Whoopee! (1930) more than made up the difference.

Phyllis E. Grann

Phyllis E. Grann was the first woman CEO of a major publishing firm, Penguin Putnam, and one of the most commercially successful publishers in recent history. She was a long-time editor for Knopf Doubleday, and a former CEO of the Putnam Berkley Group and was also CEO of Penguin Putnam. Grann was responsible for publishing many notable and bestselling authors at Penguin including A. Scott Berg, Judy Blume, Tom Clancy, Patricia Cornwell, Sue Grafton, Daniel Silva, and Kurt Vonnegut. At Doubleday Grann acquired and edited Jeffrey Toobin, Tina Brown, Bob Herbert, Ayelet Waldman and Tim Weiner. At Knopf she edited John Darnton.

Samuel Goldwyn Productions

Samuel Goldwyn Productions was an American film production company founded by Samuel Goldwyn in 1923, and active through 1959. Personally controlled by Goldwyn and focused on production rather than distribution, the company developed into the most financially and critically successful independent production company in Hollywood's Golden Age.

As of 2012, the distribution rights of Samuel Goldwyn films from the library were transferred to Warner Bros., with Miramax managing global licensing, with the exception of The Hurricane, which is now back with its original distributor, United Artists.

Samuel Goldwyn Writing Awards

The Samuel Goldwyn Writing Awards are bestowed annually by the Samuel Goldwyn Foundation, which is funded by a trust established by the Goldwyn family. Started in 1955, the awards are a competitive writing prize open to all University of California students. As of October, 2006, the first prize in the awards is $15,000.

While winners are unknown students when they receive the award, many go on to be prominent writers and filmmakers. Previous award winners include Francis Ford Coppola, Allison Anders, Carolyn See, Eric Roth, James Robert Baker, Jonathan Kellerman, Colin Higgins, Pamela Gray, Carroll Ballard, and Scott Rosenberg.

The final round of the awards are judged by prominent writers, directors, and entertainers, who have included Moss Hart, Billy Wilder, George Stevens, Sidney Poitier, Denzel Washington, Dustin Hoffman, James Brooks, David Mamet, A. Scott Berg, and David Lynch.

This Is Heaven

This Is Heaven is a 1929 American pre-Code film directed by Alfred Santell and starring Vilma Bánky. It was produced by Samuel Goldwyn and released through United Artists.

Thomas Congdon

Thomas Boss Congdon Jr. (March 17, 1931 – December 23, 2008) was an American book editor who worked on Russell Baker's memoir Growing Up, Peter Benchley's bestselling novel Jaws, and David Halberstam's 1986 work The Reckoning, ultimately establishing his own publishing house.

Congdon was born on March 17, 1931 in New London, Connecticut and later earned a degree from Yale University. He dropped out of Yale during his sophomore year to work on a gold mine in Fairbanks, Alaska. He served in the United States Navy on the battleships USS Iowa (BB-61) and USS Wisconsin (BB-64). He attended Columbia University, where he studied journalism.Congdon became an editor at The Saturday Evening Post, where he worked for 12 years. In 1968, he took his first position in book publishing at Harper & Row, and was hired by Doubleday in 1971.At Doubleday, Congdon had read a number of articles written by Peter Benchley and invited Benchley to lunch to discuss some ideas for books. Benchley wanted to write a non-fiction book about pirates, but Congdon wasn't interested. Congdon asked if he had any ideas for fiction, and Benchley respond with his idea of a novel about a great white shark terrorizing a beach resort. Congdon offered Benchley an advance of $1,000, leading to the novelist submitting the first 100 pages. After extensive rewriting based on Congdon's guidance, Jaws was published in 1974 and stayed on the bestseller list for some 44 weeks.

In April 1974, Congdon was named as editor in chief of adult trade books at E. P. Dutton.He worked with author A. Scott Berg, who was writing a book about Maxwell Perkins. Congdon reviewed Berg's original manuscripts, which had been written in the varying styles of several notable authors, and finally circled a paragraph that he felt captured what he was looking for, saying "You know who this sounds like? Nobody. Write the whole book like this. That's your voice." The published book, Maxwell Perkins: Editor of Genius, won the 1980 National Book Award.Russell Baker, who had been a columnist for The New York Times worked with Congdon on his best-selling memoir Growing Up, which Baker said would never have been written without Congdon's assistance. Baker said that "After a lot of wine, I’d start talking about my uncles; I had a lot of uncles. And Tom said, 'This really ought to be a book.'" Baker wrote a draft, which Congdon rejected as "a piece of reporting", insisting that Baker rewrite the stories and the characters as they were when they were young. Baker recounted that "I threw the whole thing away and started over. A lot of the success of that book is due to him."Congdon & Lattes (later known as Congdon & Weed) was established in 1979, but went bankrupt in the mid-1980s. Congdon edited books for other publishers, editing David Halberstam's The Reckoning published in 1986 by William Morrow and Company.In 1994, Congdon's non-fiction book Having Babies was published by Simon & Schuster, described by Kirkus Reviews as "A look at pregnancy and childbirth as they are experienced by patients of an obstetrical practice in a wealthy New Jersey town." He died at age 77 on December 23, 2008 at his home in Nantucket, Massachusetts due to congestive heart failure and Parkinson's disease.

Tony Berg

Anthony Rains "Tony" Berg (born October 21, 1954 in Connecticut) is an American musician, record producer, and A&R man, in which role he has been described as an "industry guru".Berg's music career began in the late 1970s, when he was a session guitarist who appeared on several notable releases including Air Supply, Debby Boone, The Rocky Horror Picture Show and several Muppet Show releases. In the early 1980s, Berg founded Zeitgeist Studios. His first major success was with Michael Penn's 1989 debut March. From there Berg went on to produce for Edie Brickell, Public Image Ltd, Altered State, and Aimee Mann, as well as an extensive collection of other artists.

In the early 1990s, Berg became an A&R exec with Geffen Records where he played a role in signing artists such as Beck, Wild Colonials, Black Rebel Motorcycle Club, At the Drive-In etc. During this time he continued to produce records and play on a wide variety of releases including Peter Gabriel's Up.

In 2004 Berg founded Three Records with industry veteran Michael Rosenblatt and super producer Eric Valentine. Their first release was Mellowdrone's Box.

Trustees of Princeton University

The Trustees of Princeton University is a 40-member board responsible for managing Princeton University's endowment, real estate, instructional programs, and admission. The Trustees include at least 13 members elected by alumni classes, and the Governor of New Jersey and the President of the University as ex officio members.

The Trustees' mission and responsibilities stem from the original Charter of the college, written in 1746. The Trustees oversee the budget of the university through the Princeton University Investment Company (PRINCO). Notable recent policy decisions include implementing the residential college system, accepting coeducation, and increasing the size of the undergraduate student body.

Unlike most other governing boards of universities, the Trustees of Princeton University is chartered as a 40-member corporation in its own right that has the authority to establish and govern Princeton University and to grant degrees in the same. This is similar to most of the oldest universities and colleges in the United States (including all of the Ivy League universities except for Cornell University), such as the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Yale Corporation.

Wilson (book)

Wilson is a 2013 biography of the 28th President of the United States Woodrow Wilson by the Pulitzer Prize-winning author A. Scott Berg. The book is a New York Times Best Seller.

Works of A. Scott Berg
Books

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