A.I. Artificial Intelligence

A.I. Artificial Intelligence, also known as A.I., is a 2001 American science fiction drama film directed by Steven Spielberg. The screenplay by Spielberg and screen story by Ian Watson were loosely based on the 1969 short story "Supertoys Last All Summer Long" by Brian Aldiss. The film was produced by Kathleen Kennedy, Spielberg and Bonnie Curtis. It stars Haley Joel Osment, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Brendan Gleeson and William Hurt. Set in a futuristic post-climate change society, A.I. tells the story of David (Osment), a childlike android uniquely programmed with the ability to love.

Development of A.I. originally began with producer-director Stanley Kubrick, after he acquired the rights to Aldiss' story in the early 1970s. Kubrick hired a series of writers until the mid-1990s, including Brian Aldiss, Bob Shaw, Ian Watson, and Sara Maitland. The film languished in protracted development for years, partly because Kubrick felt computer-generated imagery was not advanced enough to create the David character, whom he believed no child actor would convincingly portray. In 1995, Kubrick handed A.I. to Spielberg, but the film did not gain momentum until Kubrick's death in 1999. Spielberg remained close to Watson's film treatment for the screenplay.

The film received positive reviews, and grossed approximately $235 million. The film was nominated for two Academy Awards at the 74th Academy Awards, for Best Visual Effects and Best Original Score (by John Williams).

In a 2016 BBC poll of 177 critics around the world, Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence was voted the eighty-third-greatest film since 2000.[3] A.I. is dedicated to Stanley Kubrick.

A.I. Artificial Intelligence
AI Poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed bySteven Spielberg
Produced by
Screenplay bySteven Spielberg
Screen story byIan Watson
Based on"Supertoys Last All Summer Long"
by Brian Aldiss
Starring
Music byJohn Williams
CinematographyJanusz Kamiński
Edited byMichael Kahn
Production
company
Distributed by
Release date
  • June 29, 2001
Running time
146 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$100 million[2]
Box office$235.9 million[2]

Plot

In the late 22nd century, rising sea levels from global warming have wiped out coastal cities such as Amsterdam, Venice, and New York and drastically reduced the world's population. A new type of robots called Mecha, advanced humanoids capable of displaying thought and emotion, have been created.

In Madison, David, a Mecha that resembles a human child and is programmed to display love for his owners, is given to Henry Swinton and his wife Monica, whose son Martin, after contracting a rare disease, has been placed in suspended animation and is not expected to recover. Monica feels uneasy with David, but eventually warms to him and activates his imprinting protocol, causing him to have an enduring childlike love for her. David is befriended by Teddy, a robotic teddy bear that belonged to Martin.

Martin is unexpectedly cured of his disease and brought home. As he recovers, he grows jealous of David. He tricks David into entering the parents's bedroom at night and cutting off a lock of Monica's hair. This upsets the parents, particularly Henry, who fears David intended to injure them. At a pool party, one of Martin's friends pokes David with a knife, activating David's self-protection programming. David grabs Martin and they fall into the pool. Martin is saved from drowning, but Henry persuades Monica to return David to his creators for destruction. Instead, she abandons David and Teddy in the forest. She warns David to avoid all humans, and tells him to find other unregistered Mecha who can protect him.

David is captured for an anti-Mecha "Flesh Fair" outside Haddonfield where obsolete, unlicensed Mecha are destroyed before cheering crowds. David is placed on a platform with Gigolo Joe, a male sex worker Mecha who is on the run after being framed for murder. Before the pair can be destroyed with acid, the crowd, thinking David is a real boy, since he, unlike other mechas, desperately cries, begins booing and throwing things at the show's emcee. In the chaos, David and Joe escape. Since Joe survived thanks to David, he agrees to help him find Blue Fairy, whom David remembers from The Adventures of Pinocchio, and believes can turn him into a real boy, allowing Monica to love him and take him home.

Joe and David make their way to the decadent resort town of Rouge City, where "Dr. Know", a holographic answer engine, directs them to the top of Rockefeller Center in the flooded ruins of Manhattan. There, David meets a copy of himself and destroys it. He then meets Professor Hobby, his creator, who tells David he was built in the image of the professor's dead son David. The engineers are thrilled by his ability to have a will without being programmed. He reveals they have been monitoring him to see how he progresses and altered Dr. Know to guide him to Manhattan, back to the lab he was created in. David finds more copies of him, as well as female versions called Darlene, that have been made there.

Disheartened, David lets himself fall from a ledge of the building. He is rescued by Joe, flying an amphibicopter he has stolen from the police who were pursuing him. David tells Joe he saw the Blue Fairy underwater, and wants to go down to meet her. Joe is captured by the authorities, who snare him with an electromagnet. Before he is pulled up, he activates the amphibicopter's dive function for David, telling him to remember him for he declares "I am, I was." David and Teddy dive to see the Fairy, which turns out to be a statue at the now-sunken Coney Island. The two become trapped when the Wonder Wheel falls on their vehicle. David repeatedly asks the Fairy to turn him into a real boy. Eventually the ocean freezes and David's power source is depleted.

Two thousand years later, humans are extinct, and Manhattan is buried under glacial ice. The Mecha have evolved into an advanced silicon-based form called Specialists. They find David and Teddy, and discover they are original Mecha who knew living humans, making them special. The Specialists revive David and Teddy. David walks to the frozen Fairy statue, which collapses when he touches it. The Mecha use David's memories to reconstruct the Swinton home. David asks the Specialists if they can make him human, but they cannot. However, he insists they recreate Monica from DNA from the lock of her hair, which Teddy has kept. The Mecha warn David that the clone can live for only a day, and that the process cannot be repeated. David spends a joyous day with Monica and Teddy, at the end of which‍—‌before she drifts off to sleep‍—‌Monica tells David, "I do love you. I have always loved you." David falls asleep as well.

Cast

Production

Development

Kubrick began development on an adaptation of "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" in the late 1970s, hiring the story's author, Brian Aldiss, to write a film treatment. In 1985, Kubrick asked Steven Spielberg to direct the film, with Kubrick producing.[6] Warner Bros. agreed to co-finance A.I. and cover distribution duties.[7] The film labored in development hell, and Aldiss was fired by Kubrick over creative differences in 1989.[8] Bob Shaw briefly served as writer, leaving after six weeks due to Kubrick's demanding work schedule, and Ian Watson was hired as the new writer in March 1990. Aldiss later remarked, "Not only did the bastard fire me, he hired my enemy [Watson] instead." Kubrick handed Watson The Adventures of Pinocchio for inspiration, calling A.I. "a picaresque robot version of Pinocchio".[7][9]

Three weeks later, Watson gave Kubrick his first story treatment, and concluded his work on A.I. in May 1991 with another treatment of 90 pages. Gigolo Joe was originally conceived as a G.I. Mecha, but Watson suggested changing him to a male sex worker. Kubrick joked, "I guess we lost the kiddie market."[7] Meanwhile, Kubrick dropped A.I. to work on a film adaptation of Wartime Lies, feeling computer animation was not advanced enough to create the David character. However, after the release of Spielberg's Jurassic Park, with its innovative computer-generated imagery, it was announced in November 1993 that production of A.I. would begin in 1994.[10] Dennis Muren and Ned Gorman, who worked on Jurassic Park, became visual effects supervisors,[8] but Kubrick was displeased with their previsualization, and with the expense of hiring Industrial Light & Magic.[11]

Pre-production

In early 1994, the film was in pre-production with Christopher "Fangorn" Baker as concept artist, and Sara Maitland assisting on the story, which gave it "a feminist fairy-tale focus".[7] Maitland said that Kubrick never referred to the film as A.I., but as Pinocchio.[11] Chris Cunningham became the new visual effects supervisor. Some of his unproduced work for A.I. can be seen on the DVD, The Work of Director Chris Cunningham.[13] Aside from considering computer animation, Kubrick also had Joseph Mazzello do a screen test for the lead role.[11] Cunningham helped assemble a series of "little robot-type humans" for the David character. "We tried to construct a little boy with a movable rubber face to see whether we could make it look appealing," producer Jan Harlan reflected. "But it was a total failure, it looked awful." Hans Moravec was brought in as a technical consultant.[11] Meanwhile, Kubrick and Harlan thought A.I. would be closer to Steven Spielberg's sensibilities as director.[14][15] Kubrick handed the position to Spielberg in 1995, but Spielberg chose to direct other projects, and convinced Kubrick to remain as director.[12][16] The film was put on hold due to Kubrick's commitment to Eyes Wide Shut (1999).[17] After the filmmaker's death in March 1999, Harlan and Christiane Kubrick approached Spielberg to take over the director's position.[18][19] By November 1999, Spielberg was writing the screenplay based on Watson's 90-page story treatment. It was his first solo screenplay credit since Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977).[20] Spielberg remained close to Watson's treatment, but removed various sex scenes with Gigolo Joe. Pre-production was briefly halted during February 2000, because Spielberg pondered directing other projects, which were Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Minority Report, and Memoirs of a Geisha.[17][21] The following month Spielberg announced that A.I. would be his next project, with Minority Report as a follow-up.[22] When he decided to fast track A.I., Spielberg brought Chris Baker back as concept artist.[16]

Filming

The original start date was July 10, 2000,[15] but filming was delayed until August.[23] Aside from a couple of weeks shooting on location in Oxbow Regional Park in Oregon, A.I. was shot entirely using sound stages at Warner Bros. Studios and the Spruce Goose Dome in Long Beach, California.[24] The Swinton house was constructed on Stage 16, while Stage 20 was used for Rouge City and other sets.[25][26] Spielberg copied Kubrick's obsessively secretive approach to filmmaking by refusing to give the complete script to cast and crew, banning press from the set, and making actors sign confidentiality agreements. Social robotics expert Cynthia Breazeal served as technical consultant during production.[15][27] Haley Joel Osment and Jude Law applied prosthetic makeup daily in an attempt to look shinier and robotic.[4] Costume designer Bob Ringwood studied pedestrians on the Las Vegas Strip for his influence on the Rouge City extras.[28] Spielberg found post-production on A.I. difficult because he was simultaneously preparing to shoot Minority Report.[29]

Soundtrack

The film's soundtrack was released by Warner Sunset Records in 2001. The original score was composed and conducted by John Williams and featured singers Lara Fabian on two songs and Josh Groban on one. The film's score also had a limited release as an official "For your consideration Academy Promo", as well as a complete score issue by La-La Land Records in 2015.[30] The band Ministry appears in the film playing the song "What About Us?" (but the song does not appear on the official soundtrack album).

Release

Marketing

Warner Bros. used an alternate reality game titled The Beast to promote the film. Over forty websites were created by Atomic Pictures in New York City (kept online at Cloudmakers.org) including the website for Cybertronics Corp. There were to be a series of video games for the Xbox video game console that followed the storyline of The Beast, but they went undeveloped. To avoid audiences mistaking A.I. for a family film, no action figures were created, although Hasbro released a talking Teddy following the film's release in June 2001.[15]

A.I. had its premiere at the Venice Film Festival in 2001.[31]

Home media

A.I. Artificial Intelligence was released on VHS and DVD in the US by DreamWorks Home Entertainment on March 5, 2002[32] in widescreen and full-screen 2-disc special editions featuring an eight-part documentary detailing the film's development, production, music and visual effects. The bonus features also included interviews with Haley Joel Osment, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Steven Spielberg, and John Williams, two teaser trailers for the film's original theatrical release and an extensive photo gallery featuring production sills and Stanley Kubrick's original storyboards.[33] It was released overseas by Warner Home Video.

The film was first released on Blu-ray Disc in Japan by Warner Home Video on December 22, 2010, followed shortly after with a U.S release by Paramount Home Media Distribution (current owners of the DreamWorks catalog) on April 5, 2011. This Blu-ray featured the film newly remastered in high-definition and incorporated all the bonus features previously included on the 2-disc special-edition DVD.[34]

Box office

The film opened in 3,242 theaters in the United States on June 29, 2001, earning $29,352,630 during its opening weekend. A.I went on to gross $78.62 million in US totals as well as $157.31 million in foreign countries, coming to a worldwide total of $235.93 million.[35]

Critical response

Based on 192 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, 73% of critics gave the film positive notices with a score of 6.6/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "A curious, not always seamless, amalgamation of Kubrick's chilly bleakness and Spielberg's warm-hearted optimism. A.I. is, in a word, fascinating."[36] By comparison, Metacritic collected an average score of 65, based on 32 reviews, which is considered favorable.[37]

Producer Jan Harlan stated that Kubrick "would have applauded" the final film, while Kubrick's widow Christiane also enjoyed A.I.[38] Brian Aldiss admired the film as well: "I thought what an inventive, intriguing, ingenious, involving film this was. There are flaws in it and I suppose I might have a personal quibble but it's so long since I wrote it." Of the film's ending, he wondered how it might have been had Kubrick directed the film: "That is one of the 'ifs' of film history—at least the ending indicates Spielberg adding some sugar to Kubrick's wine. The actual ending is overly sympathetic and moreover rather overtly engineered by a plot device that does not really bear credence. But it's a brilliant piece of film and of course it's a phenomenon because it contains the energies and talents of two brilliant filmmakers."[39] Richard Corliss heavily praised Spielberg's direction, as well as the cast and visual effects.[40] Roger Ebert gave the film three stars, saying that it was "wonderful and maddening."[41] Leonard Maltin, on the other hand, gives the film two stars out of four in his Movie Guide, writing: "[The] intriguing story draws us in, thanks in part to Osment's exceptional performance, but takes several wrong turns; ultimately, it just doesn't work. Spielberg rewrote the adaptation Stanley Kubrick commissioned of the Brian Aldiss short story 'Super Toys Last All Summer Long'; [the] result is a curious and uncomfortable hybrid of Kubrick and Spielberg sensibilities." However, he calls John Williams' music score "striking". Jonathan Rosenbaum compared A.I. to Solaris (1972), and praised both "Kubrick for proposing that Spielberg direct the project and Spielberg for doing his utmost to respect Kubrick's intentions while making it a profoundly personal work."[42] Film critic Armond White, of the New York Press, praised the film noting that "each part of David's journey through carnal and sexual universes into the final eschatological devastation becomes as profoundly philosophical and contemplative as anything by cinema's most thoughtful, speculative artists – Borzage, Ozu, Demy, Tarkovsky."[43] Filmmaker Billy Wilder hailed A.I. as "the most underrated film of the past few years."[44] When British filmmaker Ken Russell saw the film, he wept during the ending.[45]

Mick LaSalle gave a largely negative review. "A.I. exhibits all its creators' bad traits and none of the good. So we end up with the structureless, meandering, slow-motion endlessness of Kubrick combined with the fuzzy, cuddly mindlessness of Spielberg." Dubbing it Spielberg's "first boring movie", LaSalle also believed the robots at the end of the film were aliens, and compared Gigolo Joe to the "useless" Jar Jar Binks, yet praised Robin Williams for his portrayal of a futuristic Albert Einstein.[46] Peter Travers gave a mixed review, concluding "Spielberg cannot live up to Kubrick's darker side of the future." But he still put the film on his top ten list that year for best movies.[47] David Denby in The New Yorker criticized A.I. for not adhering closely to his concept of the Pinocchio character. Spielberg responded to some of the criticisms of the film, stating that many of the "so called sentimental" elements of A.I., including the ending, were in fact Kubrick's and the darker elements were his own.[48] However, Sara Maitland, who worked on the project with Kubrick in the 1990s, claimed that one of the reasons Kubrick never started production on A.I. was because he had a hard time making the ending work.[49] James Berardinelli found the film "consistently involving, with moments of near-brilliance, but far from a masterpiece. In fact, as the long-awaited 'collaboration' of Kubrick and Spielberg, it ranks as something of a disappointment." Of the film's highly debated finale, he claimed, "There is no doubt that the concluding 30 minutes are all Spielberg; the outstanding question is where Kubrick's vision left off and Spielberg's began."[50]

Screenwriter Ian Watson has speculated, "Worldwide, A.I. was very successful (and the 4th-highest earner of the year) but it didn't do quite so well in America, because the film, so I'm told, was too poetical and intellectual in general for American tastes. Plus, quite a few critics in America misunderstood the film, thinking for instance that the Giacometti-style beings in the final 20 minutes were aliens (whereas they were robots of the future who had evolved themselves from the robots in the earlier part of the film) and also thinking that the final 20 minutes were a sentimental addition by Spielberg, whereas those scenes were exactly what I wrote for Stanley and exactly what he wanted, filmed faithfully by Spielberg."[51]

In 2002, Spielberg told film critic Joe Leydon that "People pretend to think they know Stanley Kubrick, and think they know me, when most of them don't know either of us". "And what's really funny about that is, all the parts of A.I. that people assume were Stanley's were mine. And all the parts of A.I. that people accuse me of sweetening and softening and sentimentalizing were all Stanley's. The teddy bear was Stanley's. The whole last 20 minutes of the movie was completely Stanley's. The whole first 35, 40 minutes of the film—all the stuff in the house—was word for word, from Stanley's screenplay. This was Stanley's vision." "Eighty percent of the critics got it all mixed up. But I could see why. Because, obviously, I've done a lot of movies where people have cried and have been sentimental. And I've been accused of sentimentalizing hard-core material. But in fact it was Stanley who did the sweetest parts of A.I., not me. I'm the guy who did the dark center of the movie, with the Flesh Fair and everything else. That's why he wanted me to make the movie in the first place. He said, 'This is much closer to your sensibilities than my own.'"[52] He also added: "While there was divisiveness when A.I. came out, I felt that I had achieved Stanley’s wishes, or goals."[53]

Upon rewatching the film many years after its release, BBC film critic Mark Kermode apologized to Spielberg in an interview in January 2013 for "getting it wrong" on the film when he first viewed it in 2001. He now believes the film to be Spielberg's "enduring masterpiece".[54]

Accolades

Visual effects supervisors Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Michael Lantieri, and Scott Farrar were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, while John Williams was nominated for Best Original Music Score.[55] Steven Spielberg, Jude Law and Williams received nominations at the 59th Golden Globe Awards.[56] A.I. was successful at the Saturn Awards, winning five awards, including Best Science Fiction Film along with Best Writing for Spielberg and Best Performance by a Younger Actor for Osment.[57]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Academy Awards March 24, 2002 Best Original Music Score John Williams Nominated [55]
Best Visual Effects Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Michael Lantieri, Scott Farrar Nominated
British Academy Film Awards February 24, 2002 Best Visual Effects Dennis Muren, Scott Farrar, Michael Lantieri Nominated [58]
Chicago Film Critics Association February 25, 2002 Best Supporting Actor Jude Law Nominated [59]
Best Original Music Score John Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Janusz Kaminski Nominated
Empire Awards February 5, 2002 Best Film A.I. Artificial Intelligence Nominated [60]
Best Director Steven Spielberg Nominated
Best Actor Haley Joel Osment Nominated
Best Actress Frances O'Connor Nominated
Golden Globes January 20, 2002 Best Director Steven Spielberg Nominated [56]
Best Supporting Actor Jude Law Nominated
Best Original Score John Williams Nominated
Saturn Awards June 10, 2002 Best Science Fiction Film A.I. Artificial Intelligence Won [61][57]
Best Director Steven Spielberg Nominated
Best Writing Won
Best Actress Frances O'Connor Nominated
Best Performance by a Younger Actor Haley Joel Osment Won
Best Special Effects Dennis Muren, Scott Farrar, Michael Lantieri, Stan Winston Won
Best Music John Williams Won
Young Artist Awards April 7, 2002 Best Leading Young Actor Haley Joel Osment Nominated [62]
Best Supporting Young Actor Jake Thomas Won

References

  1. ^ "A.I. (12)". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  3. ^ "The 21st Century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Haley Joel Osment, A Portrait of David, 2001, Warner Home Video; DreamWorks
  5. ^ Jude Law, A Portrait of Gigolo Joe, 2001, Warner Home Video; DreamWorks
  6. ^ Scott Brake (May 10, 2001). "Spielberg Talks About the Genesis of A.I.". IGN. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c d "Plumbing Stanley Kubrick". Archived from the original on 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  8. ^ a b Steven Gaydos (March 15, 2000). "The Kubrick Connection". Variety. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  9. ^ Dana Haris (March 15, 2000). "Spielberg lines up A.I., Report". Variety. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  10. ^ Christian Moerk (November 2, 1993). "A.I. next for Kubrick at Warners". Variety. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  11. ^ a b c d "The Kubrick FAQ Part 2". 2008-08-18. Archived from the original on 2008-08-18. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  12. ^ a b Kenneth Plume (June 28, 2001). "Interview with Producer Jan Harlan". IGN. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  13. ^ Feature by Matt Bailey. "notcoming.com | The Work of Director Chris Cunningham". Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  14. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence". Variety. May 15, 2001. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  15. ^ a b c d Liane Bonin (June 28, 2001). "Boy Wonder". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  16. ^ a b Steven Spielberg, Jan Harlan, Kathleen Kennedy, Bonnie Curtis, Creating A.I., 2001, Warner Home Video; DreamWorks
  17. ^ a b Christian Moerk (December 23, 1999). "Spielberg encounters close choices to direct". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  18. ^ Scott Brake (June 29, 2001). "Producing A.I.". IGN. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  19. ^ Army Archerd (July 15, 1999). "Annie Tv'er nab tops talent". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
  20. ^ Michael Fleming (November 16, 1999). "West pursues Prisoner; Spielberg scribbles". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  21. ^ Peter Bart (January 24, 2000). "It's scary up there". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  22. ^ "Spielberg to wrap Kubrick project". BBC. March 15, 2000. Archived from the original on July 3, 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2007.
  23. ^ Brian Zoromski (June 30, 2000). "A.I. Moves Full Speed Ahead". IGN. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  24. ^ "Film location titles". Movie-locations.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  25. ^ Scott Brake (August 3, 2000). "A.I. Set Reports!". IGN. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
  26. ^ Christopher "Fangorn" Baker, Rick Carter, A.I. From Drawings to Sets, 2001, Warner Home Video; DreamWorks
  27. ^ Bill Higgins (November 6, 2000). "BAFTA hails Spielberg". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  28. ^ Bob Ringwood, Dressing A.I., 2001, Warner Home Video; DreamWorks
  29. ^ Charles Lyons (January 18, 2001). "Inside Move: Cruise staying busy". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
  30. ^ "Lalaland Records". Archived from the original on April 9, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  31. ^ Rooney, David (April 16, 2001). "'Dust' in the wind for Venice fest". Variety. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
  32. ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (30 March 2002). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 66–67. ISSN 0006-2510.
  33. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence - DVD Review - Slant Magazine". Archived from the original on December 10, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  34. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence Blu-ray". Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  35. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  36. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on July 8, 2008. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  37. ^ "Artificial Intelligence: A.I. Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 18, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  38. ^ Army Archerd (June 20, 2000). "A.I. A Spielberg/Kubrick prod'n". Variety. Archived from the original on May 20, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  39. ^ "ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE | The mind behind AI". BBC News. September 20, 2001. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  40. ^ "A.I. – Spielberg's Strange Love – TIME". June 17, 2001. Archived from the original on June 26, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  41. ^ Ebert, Roger (July 7, 2011). "A.I. Artificial Intelligence Movie Review (2001)". RogerEbert.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  42. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (June 29, 2001). "The Best of Both Worlds". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  43. ^ White, Armond (July 4, 2001). "Spielberg's A.I. Dares Viewers to Remember and Accept the Part of Themselves that Is Capable of Feeling". The New York Press. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  44. ^ Sussman, Paul (November 17, 2006). "Close encounters of the hugely profitable kind". CNN. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  45. ^ Slippedisc (December 7, 2011). "Eyewitness: Ken Russell, by his son – Slipped Disc". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  46. ^ LaSalle, Mick (June 29, 2001). "Artificial foolishness". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  47. ^ Travers, Peter (June 21, 2001). "A.I. Artificial Intelligence". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 20, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
  48. ^ Mark Kermode (November 4, 2006). "Steven Spielberg". The Culture Show. BBC Two.
  49. ^ "The Kubrick FAQ Part 2". Visual-memory.co.uk. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  50. ^ "Review: A.I". Reelviews.net. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  51. ^ "Author Talk: Ian Watson". Moon Milk Review. May 10, 2010. Archived from the original on May 20, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  52. ^ Leydon, Joe (June 20, 2002). "'Minority Report' looks at the day after tomorrow -- and is relevant to today". Moving Picture Show. Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
  53. ^ https://ew.com/article/2011/12/02/steven-spielberg-ew-interview/
  54. ^ Kermode, Mark (January 22, 2013). "Blogs – Kermode Uncut – AI Apology". BBC. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  55. ^ a b "The 74th Academy Awards – 2002". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  56. ^ a b "A. I.: Artificial Intelligence". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  57. ^ a b "Past Saturn Awards". Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films. Archived from the original on 1 June 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2007.
  58. ^ "Film in 2002". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  59. ^ "Chicago Film Critics Association Announce Their Nominees!". PR Newswire. January 16, 2002. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  60. ^ "Empire Awards: Nominations Announced". Empire. January 25, 2002. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  61. ^ Staff (March 13, 2002). "'Potter' leads Saturn kudos". Variety. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  62. ^ "Twenty-Third Annual Young Artist Awards 2002". Young Artist Awards. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016.

Further reading

  • Harlan, Jan; Struthers, Jane M. (2009). A.I. Artificial Intelligence: From Stanley Kubrick to Steven Spielberg: The Vision Behind the Film. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500514894.
  • Rice, Julian (2017). Kubrick's Story: Spielberg's Film: A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442278189.

External links

28th Saturn Awards

The 28th Saturn Awards, honoring the best in science fiction, fantasy and horror film and television in 2001, were held on June 10, 2002 at the St. Regis Hotel in Century City, Los AngelesBelow is a complete list of nominees and winners. Winners are highlighted in bold.

59th Golden Globe Awards

The 59th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2001, were held on January 20, 2002. The nominations were announced on December 20, 2001.

A.I. Artificial Intelligence (soundtrack)

A.I. Artificial Intelligence - Music from the Motion Picture is the film score of the 2001 film of the same name, composed and conducted by John Williams. The original score was composed by Williams and featured singers Lara Fabian on two songs and Josh Groban on one. Soprano Barbara Bonney provided the vocal solos in several tracks.

Brent Sexton

Brent Sexton (born August 12, 1967) is an American actor best known for his roles in the television series Bosch, The Killing, Life, and Deadwood. He has also guest starred in several other television series, such as Justified, That's Life, Birds of Prey, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, and Judging Amy. He has also appeared in several motion pictures, such as In the Valley of Elah, Flightplan, Radio, and A.I. Artificial Intelligence.

In 2005, the movie Radio won a CAMIE Award and, in 2006, the cast of Deadwood was nominated for a SAG Award.

Enrico Colantoni

Enrico Colantoni (born February 14, 1963) is a Canadian actor and director, best known for portraying Elliot DiMauro in the sitcom Just Shoot Me!, Keith Mars on the television series Veronica Mars, Louis Lutz on the short-lived sitcom Hope & Gloria, crime lord Carl Elias on ‘’Person of Interest’’, and Sergeant Greg Parker on the television series Flashpoint. He has also had supporting roles in such films as The Wrong Guy, Galaxy Quest, A.I. Artificial Intelligence, and Contagion, and guest appearances on Monk, Numb3rs, Party Down, Stargate SG-1, and Bones. More recently, he starred as Allen Conner in Remedy, and played crime boss Carl Elias in a recurring role on Person of Interest. He played Laura Hollis' father in season three of the online web series Carmilla. He most recently appeared as Vincent Ingram in Travelers.

Colantoni directed two episodes of the TV series iZombie.

Filmography and awards of Stanley Kubrick

Stanley Kubrick directed 13 feature films and three short documentaries over the course of his career, from Day of the Fight in 1951 to Eyes Wide Shut in 1999. Many of Kubrick's films were nominated for Academy Awards or Golden Globes, but his only personal win of an Academy Award was for his work as director of special effects on 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Frances O'Connor

Frances Ann O'Connor (born 12 June 1967) is an English-born Australian actress. She is best known for her roles in the films Mansfield Park (1999), Bedazzled (2000), A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001), The Importance of Being Earnest (2002), and Timeline (2003). O'Connor has won an AACTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance in Blessed (2009), and earned Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film nominations for her performances in Madame Bovary (2000) and The Missing (2014).

Hal Hickel

Hal T. Hickel is a visual effects animator for Industrial Light & Magic.

At the age of 12, Hickel wrote a letter to Lucasfilm, outlining his ideas for a sequel to the original Star Wars movie (now known as Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope), and received a polite rejection letter from producer Gary Kurtz. The letter now hangs on the wall of Hickel's office at ILM. Twenty years later, Hickel found himself working on Star Wars after all, as a lead animator on Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace.

A native of Bailey, Colorado, Hickel joined the Film Graphics Program at CalArts in 1982. He worked at An-FX from 1982 until 1988, and then joined Will Vinton Studios, working in stop-motion and motion control.

Hickel began his animation career at Pixar in 1994, where he worked on Toy Story and the THX promos, as well as some of Pixar's short films. Hearing that a new Star Wars trilogy was in pre-production, Hickel applied for a transfer to ILM on the chance that he might get to work on the prequels. He was first assigned as an animator on The Lost World: Jurassic Park, but was eventually assigned to work on The Phantom Menace, and later its sequel, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, where he was responsible for the unique movement of the Droideka destroyer droids.

His other credits include: A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Space Cowboys, Dreamcatcher and Van Helsing. In 2007, Hickel won the BAFTA and the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects along with John Knoll, Charles Gibson and Allen Hall, for Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. He also received an Academy Award nomination for his work on Rogue One: A Star Wars Story.

Haley Joel Osment

Haley Joel Osment (born April 10, 1988) is an American actor. After a series of roles in television and film during the 1990s, including a major part in Forrest Gump playing the title character's son (also named Forrest Gump), Osment rose to fame for his performance as a young unwilling medium in M. Night Shyamalan's thriller film The Sixth Sense, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He subsequently appeared in leading roles in several high-profile Hollywood films, including Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence and Mimi Leder's Pay It Forward.

He made his Broadway debut in 2008 in a short-lived revival of David Mamet's play American Buffalo, starring John Leguizamo and Cedric the Entertainer. Osment is also known for his voice-roles of Sora and Vanitas in the Kingdom Hearts video games, as well as his more recent roles in comedies such as Sex Ed and The Spoils of Babylon.

Jake Thomas

Jake Thomas (born January 30, 1990) is an American actor and voice actor, perhaps best known for his role as Matt McGuire, the title character's younger brother, in the Disney Channel show Lizzie McGuire (2001–04). In 2002, he won a Young Artist Award for supporting actor for his performance in A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001). He also appeared in Cory in the House (2007–08), playing the role of Jason Stickler.

John Prosky

John Prosky is an American film, theatre, and television actor. His numerous TV credits include NYPD Blue, ER, Heroes, Criminal Minds, True Blood, JAG, My So-Called Life, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, The Practice, The X-Files, The West Wing, Charmed, 24, House, Grey's Anatomy, Veronica Mars, Fringe, and the web series Red Bird. His film credits include The Nutty Professor, Bowfinger, and A.I. Artificial Intelligence. He also contributed voice work to the L.A. Noire video game. He is the son of actor Robert Prosky.

He is of Slavic descent.

Kristie Macosko Krieger

Kristie Macosko Krieger is an American film producer, best known for her work alongside director Steven Spielberg. She worked as his assistant (or "associate") starting with the 1998 documentary film The Last Days, and then on his own films from 2001's A.I. Artificial Intelligence to 2011's The Adventures of Tintin. She also became producer on Spielberg's films starting with 2008's Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. For 2015's Bridge of Spies and 2017's The Post, she received Academy Award nominations for Best Picture.

List of awards and nominations received by Steven Spielberg

The following is a list of awards and nominations received by American director, producer, and screenwriter Steven Spielberg.

Online Film Critics Society Awards 2001

The 5th Online Film Critics Society Awards, honoring the best in filmmaking in 2001, were given on 2 January 2002.

Rick Carter

Rick Carter (born 1950) is an American production designer and art director. He is known for his work in the film Forrest Gump, which earned him an Oscar nomination, as well as numerous nominations of other awards for his work in Amistad and A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Other films include Cast Away, War of the Worlds, What Lies Beneath, Jurassic Park, Avatar, and Back to the Future Part II and Part III. Many of the films that he has worked on are directed by Steven Spielberg or Robert Zemeckis. For his part in the Art Direction of Avatar, he was awarded the Academy Award for Best Production Design alongside Robert Stromberg and Kim Sinclair. In 2013, Carter won his second Academy Award, for production design on Steven Spielberg's biopic, Lincoln.

Sam Robards

Sam Prideaux Robards (born December 16, 1961) is an American actor, best known for his role as Henry Swinton in the film A.I. Artificial Intelligence.

Scott Farrar

Scott Farrar is an American visual effects supervisor. He is known for being the lead visual effects supervisor of the Transformers film series. He has been nominated for an Academy Award six times, winning once for Cocoon. His other nominations include Backdraft, A.I. Artificial Intelligence, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Transformers and Transformers: Dark of the Moon.

The Beast (game)

The Beast is an alternate reality game developed by Microsoft to promote the 2001 film A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Entry points to the game embedded into the film's promotion centered on the fictional Jeanine Salla and the death of her friend Evan Chan. In 2142, Jeanine learns that Evan was murdered and her investigation uncovers a network of murders of humans and artificial intelligences. The game launched on March 8, 2001 and continued running past its initially scheduled end date on June 29, the film's release date.Players were led through a network of websites created by Warner Bros., registered to fake names, and further clues were given in subsequent promotional materials and events for the film. The game drew a large, tight-knit player base who created online groups dedicated to the game, most prominently the Yahoo! Group Cloudmakers. The Beast was described as "unprecedented even by Hollywood standards" and is considered among the most influential early alternate reality games.

Trust (Belgian band)

Trust is a musical group that hails from the Belgian city of Ypres and consists of lead singer Eva Storme, keyboard players Mirek Coutigny and Matthieu Renier and drummer Laurens Platteeuw. During their preparation and the live shows they were coached by Tomas de Soete and their song was produced by Jeroen Swinnen.

They won the Belgian pre-selections of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007 with their song "Anders" (Different), a popsong about the regrets for things a typical teenager does wrong and regrets after arguing with parents.

Band member Mirek had a guest performance for Debbie and Nancy in the Sportpaleis in Antwerp when he performed 'My first night' for an immense audience. He has also performed a solo in a piano concert in Ghent with a 65-piece orchestra.

Although they conceived the idea to enter the competition in September 2006, they started writing and composing the song just a week before the deadline. Eva wrote the lyrics and the melody, Mirek, helped by Laurens and Matthieu found the chords for which he said he took inspiration from Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Laurens composed the percussion.

Trust were stars of the 2008 film Sounds Like Teen Spirit which covered the 2007 contest.

Films directed
Films written
Films produced
Television
See also
Feature films
Short films
Related
Related films
People
Characters
Films
Television
Other media
Disney songs
Stage
Related
Computable knowledge
Topics and
concepts
Proposals and
implementations
In fiction

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.