A.C.G.T Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社エー・シー・ジー・ティー Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Ē shī jī tī, stylized as A・C・G・T) is a Japanese animation production company, founded in 2000 by former Triangle Staff members. It has been involved in the development of many series, predominantly contributing to other studios and adapting works based on light novels and manga. It is a subsidiary of OB Planning, which handles executive production on many of its series. A.C.G.T also works regularly with production company Genco, which at times provides executive production while A.C.G.T completes animation production.

A.C.G.T. Inc.
Native name
Kabushiki-gaisha Ē shī jī tī
PredecessorTriangle Staff
FoundedDecember 19, 2000
FounderShōjiro Abe

Television series

Original video animations

Animated films


  1. ^ "Monochrome Factor Manga to End in Japan in June". Anime News Network. May 13, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Minami Kamakura High School Girls Cycling Club Anime's Cast, Staff, Visual Unveiled". Anime News Network. October 18, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.

External links

Bridge (studio)

Bridge Inc. (株式会社ブリッジ, Kabushiki gaisha Burijji) is a Japanese animation studio founded in 2007 by former staff from Sunrise.

Dai-Shogun - Great Revolution

Dai-Shogun – Great Revolution (風雲維新ダイ☆ショーグン, Fūun Ishin Dai Shōgun) is a mecha anime television series, directed by Takashi Watanabe and animated by J.C.Staff and A.C.G.T. It aired on April 9, 2014 on Tokyo MX and finished on June 26, 2014. The mecha design is by Makoto Ishiwata of Nitroplus.

A 3D film reboot of the series was planned to be released but failed to meet the Kickstarter goal back in 2016, ultimately freezing the series indefinitely.


Endonucleases are enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucleotide chain. Some, such as deoxyribonuclease I, cut DNA relatively nonspecifically (without regard to sequence), while many, typically called restriction endonucleases or restriction enzymes, cleave only at very specific nucleotide sequences. Endonucleases differ from exonucleases, which cleave the ends of recognition sequences instead of the middle (endo) portion. Some enzymes, however, are not limited to either nuclease function, displaying qualities that are both endo- and exo-like. Evidence suggests that endonuclease activity experiences a lag compared to exonuclease activity.Restriction enzymes are endonucleases from eubacteria and archaea that recognize a specific DNA sequence. The nucleotide sequence recognized for cleavage by a restriction enzyme is called the restriction site. Typically, a restriction site will be a palindromic sequence about four to six nucleotides long. Most restriction endonucleases cleave the DNA strand unevenly, leaving complementary single-stranded ends. These ends can reconnect through hybridization and are termed "sticky ends". Once paired, the phosphodiester bonds of the fragments can be joined by DNA ligase. There are hundreds of restriction endonucleases known, each attacking a different restriction site. The DNA fragments cleaved by the same endonuclease can be joined together regardless of the origin of the DNA. Such DNA is called recombinant DNA; DNA formed by the joining of genes into new combinations. Restriction endonucleases (restriction enzymes) are divided into three categories, Type I, Type II, and Type III, according to their mechanism of action. These enzymes are often used in genetic engineering to make recombinant DNA for introduction into bacterial, plant, or animal cells, as well as in synthetic biology. One of the more famous endonucleases is Cas9.

Freezing (manga)

Freezing (Japanese: フリージング, Hepburn: Furījingu) is a Japanese manga written by Dall-Young Lim and illustrated by Kwang-Hyun Kim. The series revolves around the invasion of Earth by an interdimensional force called the Nova, and a special military group of genetically engineered young women called Pandoras. Pandoras fight alongside their male partners known as Limiters, who are created to combat the Nova. The story centers around Kazuya Aoi, a Limiter whose late sister was a Pandora, and Satellizer el Bridget, a Pandora with a cold personality who is known as the "Untouchable Queen" due to her intense aphephobia. Both are enrolled at West Genetics Academy, which is a training school for Pandoras and Limiters.

Freezing began serialization in Kill Time Communication's seinen manga magazine Comic Valkyrie in its March 2007 issue. The first collected volume was released on October 17, 2010, with a total of 28 volumes made as of August 27, 2015 under its Valkyrie Comics imprint. An English translation by Seven Seas Entertainment is also currently available. On August 12, 2010, an anime adaptation produced by A.C.G.T was announced, airing twelve episodes in Japan between January and April 2011 on AT-X and on other channels. The anime is licensed in North America by Funimation Entertainment, who released the series in August 2012. A second anime season titled Freezing Vibration (フリージング ヴァイブレーション, Furījingu Vaiburēshon) premiered on October 4, 2013.There are currently three spin-off series based on the world of Freezing being published. The first spin-off, called Freezing: First Chronicle (フリージング ファーストクロニクル, Furījingu: Fāsuto Kuronikuru), was serialized in Comic Valkyrie from the November 2011 issue to the March 2012 issue. The second spinoff, called Freezing: Zero (フリージングZERO, Furījingu: Zero), began serialization in the May 2012 issue of Comic Valkyrie. A third spinoff, called Freezing Pair Love Stories (フリージング ペアラブストーリーズ), began serialization in the April 2013 issue of Comic Valkyrie.


Genco, Inc. (株式会社ジェンコ, Kabushiki-gaisha Jenco) is a Japanese anime production enterprise, founded on March 3, 1997. Presided over by Tarō Maki, its headquarters is located in Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo. It has produced numerous anime series such as Honey and Clover, Nodame Cantabile, Elfen Lied, Kino's Journey, Accel World, Sword Art Online, Genshiken and Toradora. It has also co-produced original creations like Yasuomi Umetsu's Wizard Barristers and did project collaborations like in Hero Tales (with Hiromu Arakawa and Studio Flag) and in Xebec's Mnemosyne no Musume-tachi.

Geno Studio

Geno Studio, Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社ジェノスタジオ, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Jeno Sutajio) is a Japanese animation studio subsidiary of animation production company Twin Engine.

Hoods Entertainment

Hoods Entertainment Inc. (Japanese: フッズエンタテインメント株式会社ト, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Fuzzu Entateinmento) is a Japanese animation studio that was established in 2009.

Initial D

Initial D (Japanese: 頭文字D(イニシャル・ディー), Hepburn: Inisharu Dī) is a Japanese street racing manga series written and illustrated by Shuichi Shigeno. It was serialized in Weekly Young Magazine from 1995 to 2013, with the chapters collected into 48 tankōbon volumes by Kodansha. The story focuses on the world of illegal Japanese street racing, where all the action is concentrated in the mountain passes and rarely in cities or urban areas, and with the drifting (motorsport) racing style emphasized in particular. Professional race car driver and pioneer of drifting Keiichi Tsuchiya helped with editorial supervision. The story is centered on the prefecture of Gunma, more specifically on several mountains in the Kantō region and in their surrounding cities and towns. Although some of the names of the locations the characters race in have been fictionalized, all of the locations in the series are based on actual locations in Japan.

Initial D has been adapted into several anime television and original video animations series by OB Studio Comet, Studio Gallop, Pastel, A.C.G.T and SynergySP. A live action film by Avex and Media Asia was released in 2005. Both the manga and anime series were initially licensed for English-language distribution in North America by Tokyopop (2002–2009), however, the anime license has since been picked up by Funimation, while the manga was relicensed by ComiXology.


J.C.Staff Co., Ltd. (株式会社ジェー・シー・スタッフ, Kabushiki gaisha Jē Shī Sutaffu, J and C stand for "Japan Creative"), is a Japanese animation studio founded in January 1986 by Tomoyuki Miyata, who previously worked at Tatsunoko Production. The studio's first release was Yōtōden in 1987. They have produced several well-known anime series, such as Slayers, Revolutionary Girl Utena, Excel Saga, Alien Nine, Azumanga Daioh, Ikki Tōsen: Battle Vixens, Shingetsutan Tsukihime, Honey and Clover, Shakugan no Shana, The Familiar of Zero, Toradora!, A Certain Magical Index, A Certain Scientific Railgun, Date A Live, Maid Sama!, The Pet Girl of Sakurasou, and Food Wars!: Shokugeki no Soma. Since 2005, the majority of their works have been directed by Takashi Watanabe, Ken'ichi Kasai and Yoshiaki Iwasaki.

Kino's Journey

Kino's Journey: the Beautiful World (Japanese: キノの旅 -the Beautiful World-, Hepburn: Kino no Tabi -the Beautiful World-), shortened to Kino's Journey, is a Japanese light novel series written by Keiichi Sigsawa, with illustrations by Kouhaku Kuroboshi. The series originally started serialization in volume five of MediaWorks' now-defunct light novel magazine Dengeki hp on March 17, 2000. The first volume of the series was published on July 10, 2000 by ASCII Media Works under their Dengeki Bunko publishing imprint. As of October 2017, 21 volumes have been published, and around 8.2 million copies of the novels have been sold in Japan. In Kino's Journey, the protagonist, Kino, accompanied by a talking motorcycle named Hermes, travels through a mystical world of many different countries and forests, each unique in its customs and people. A spin-off light novel series titled Gakuen Kino began with the first volume published on July 10, 2006 by ASCII Media Works; four volumes have been released as of July 2010.

A 13-episode anime adaptation produced by A.C.G.T and Genco aired between April and July 2003 on WOWOW in Japan. Two visual novels for the PlayStation 2 were released by ASCII Media Works, the first in July 2003, and the second in December 2005. There have also been two 30-minute animated films produced, the first in February 2005, and the second in April 2007. A Kino's Journey light novel was only released as a promotional gift for the second animated movie. Additional merchandise includes three art books, three picture books, and a drama CD. Two manga adaptations were produced, and a new anime series aired 12 episodes between October and December 2017.

List of Japanese animation studios

This is a list of Japanese animation studios.


Manglobe Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社マングローブ, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Mangurōbu) was a Japanese animation studio and production enterprise, active from 2002 to 2015. Manglobe was formed on February 7, 2002 by Sunrise producers Shinichirō Kobayashi and Takashi Kochiyama. The studio filed for bankruptcy in September 2015 after getting in an estimated debt of 350 million yen.

Minami Kamakura High School Girls Cycling Club

Minami Kamakura High School Girls Cycling Club (南鎌倉高校女子自転車部, Minami Kamakura Kōkō Joshi Jitensha-Bu) is a Japanese manga series by Noriyuki Matsumoto, serialized in Mag Garden's shōnen manga magazine Monthly Comic Blade since August 2011. It has been collected in nine tankōbon volumes. A 13-episode anime television series adaptation by J.C.Staff and A.C.G.T aired between January 6 and May 15, 2017.

Nucleic acid sequence

A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule. By convention, sequences are usually presented from the 5' end to the 3' end. For DNA, the sense strand is used. Because nucleic acids are normally linear (unbranched) polymers, specifying the sequence is equivalent to defining the covalent structure of the entire molecule. For this reason, the nucleic acid sequence is also termed the primary structure.

The sequence has capacity to represent information. Biological deoxyribonucleic acid represents the information which directs the functions of a living thing.

Nucleic acids also have a secondary structure and tertiary structure. Primary structure is sometimes mistakenly referred to as primary sequence. Conversely, there is no parallel concept of secondary or tertiary sequence.


Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth. Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids; they are composed of three subunit molecules: a nitrogenous base (also known as nucleobase), a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), and at least one phosphate group.

A nucleoside is a nitrogenous base and a 5-carbon sugar. Thus a nucleoside plus a phosphate group yields a nucleotide.

Nucleotides also play a central role in metabolism at a fundamental, cellular level. They carry packets of chemical energy—in the form of the nucleoside triphosphates Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), Guanosine triphosphate (GTP), Cytidine triphosphate (CTP) and Uridine triphosphate (UTP)—throughout the cell to the many cellular functions that demand energy, which include: synthesizing amino acids, proteins and cell membranes and parts, moving the cell and moving cell parts (both internally and intercellularly), dividing the cell, etc. In addition, nucleotides participate in cell signaling (cyclic guanosine monophosphate or cGMP and cyclic adenosine monophosphate or cAMP), and are incorporated into important cofactors of enzymatic reactions (e.g. coenzyme A, FAD, FMN, NAD, and NADP+).

In experimental biochemistry, nucleotides can be radiolabeled with radionuclides to yield radionucleotides.

Original net animation

An original net animation (ONA), known in Japan as Web Anime (Web(ウェブ)アニメ, Webu Anime), is an anime that is directly released onto the Internet. ONAs may also have been aired on television if they were first directly released on the Internet. The name mirrors original video animation, a term that has been used in the anime industry for straight-to-video animation since the early 1980s. The Internet is a relatively new outlet for animation distribution that has been made viable by the increasing number of streaming media websites in Japan.

A growing number of trailers and preview episodes of new anime have been released as ONA. For example, the anime movie of Megumi can be considered an ONA.

ONAs tend to be shorter than traditional anime titles, sometimes lasting only a few minutes.

There are many examples of an original net animation (ONA), such as Hetalia: Axis Powers, which only last a few minutes per episode.

String-searching algorithm

In computer science, string-searching algorithms, sometimes called string-matching algorithms, are an important class of string algorithms that try to find a place where one or several strings (also called patterns) are found within a larger string or text.

Let Σ be an alphabet (finite set). The most basic example of string searching is where both the pattern and searched text are arrays of elements of Σ. The Σ may be a usual human alphabet (for example, the letters A through Z in the Latin alphabet). Other applications may use binary alphabet (Σ = {0,1}) or DNA alphabet (Σ = {A,C,G,T}) in bioinformatics.

In practice, how the string is encoded can affect the feasible string-search algorithms. In particular, if a variable-width encoding is in use then it may be slower to find the Nth character (perhaps requiring time proportional to N). This may significantly slow down some search algorithms. One of many possible solutions is to search for the sequence of code units instead, but doing so may produce false matches unless the encoding is specifically designed to avoid it.

Studio Deen

Studio Deen Co. Ltd. (Japanese: 株式会社スタジオディーン, Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Dīn, sometimes typeset as "Studio DEEN") is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1975 by Sunrise producer Hiroshi Hasegawa and ex-Sunrise animators. The studio owns three subsidiaries: Danny Donghua (丹尼動画), a Chinese sub-contracting company; Megumi (め組), a sub-contracting studio; and Umidori (うみどり), which does the 3DCG found in many of Deen's works.

Triangle Staff

Triangle Staff Co., Ltd., (Japanese: 有限会社トライアングルスタッフ, Hepburn: Yūgen-gaisha Toraianguru Sutaffu) was a Japanese animation studio established in 1987 from former Madhouse staff, producing series such as Macross Plus, Serial Experiments Lain, and NieA_7. The studio ceased operations in 2002, when they were set to do the animation production on WXIII: Patlabor the Movie 3.

Related topics
Works by A.C.G.T
Television series

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