Año Nuevo Island

Año Nuevo Island (Año Nuevo is Spanish for New Year) is a small island off Año Nuevo Point on the coast of Northern California, between San Francisco and Santa Cruz. The island has an area of 9 acres (3.6 ha).[1] It is an important breeding site for northern elephant seals and the endangered Steller's sea lion, as well as several species of seabirds, including rhinoceros auklets, Brandt's cormorants and western gulls. Due to the number of seals and sea lions, great white sharks are frequently spotted patrolling the waters around the island. It is protected as part of the Año Nuevo State Reserve.[2][3]

Año Nuevo State Marine Conservation Area and Greyhound Rock State Marine Conservation Area are two adjoining protected marine areas off the coast of Año Nuevo State Park. Like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems. The waters of Año Nuevo State Marine Conservation Area surround Año Nuevo Island.

Año Nuevo Island
Año Nuevo Island off Año Nuevo South Point
Aerial view of Año Nuevo Island, 2009
Año Nuevo Island is located in California
Año Nuevo Island
Año Nuevo Island
Año Nuevo Island is located in the United States
Año Nuevo Island
Año Nuevo Island
Geography
Coordinates37°06′30″N 122°20′16″W / 37.1083°N 122.3378°WCoordinates: 37°06′30″N 122°20′16″W / 37.1083°N 122.3378°W
Total islands1
Area0.0364217 km2 (0.0140625 sq mi)
Administration
StateCalifornia
Governing bodyCalifornia Department of Parks and Recreation
Ano Nuevo Island
Abandoned buildings on Año Nuevo Island, photographed in 2005.

Geology

As recently as the 18th century, what is today Año Nuevo Island was a peninsula. It became separated from the mainland by a channel that continues to widen. The island is mainly made up of Miocene shale and deposits from ancient dunes, along with a broad intertidal shelf and low, rocky islets, all of which are frequently altered by the erosive pounding of waves, particularly during winter storms.[4]

Administration

Año Nuevo Island is managed by the University of California Natural Reserve System under an agreement with the California Department of Parks and Recreation.[2][3] The Año Nuevo Island Reserve, including the island and surrounding waters, comprises 25 of the 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) of the Año Nuevo State Reserve, the rest of which is on the mainland opposite the island.[3]

Access and facilities

Access to Año Nuevo Island is restricted to members of approved research teams;[2] the island is closed to the public.[5] The island has a few abandoned buildings built in the late 19th century. A residential home and foghorn station, all abandoned, are located on the island. The original light tower was deliberately toppled early in the first decade of the 21st century as it began to deteriorate and became a hazard to the resident wildlife. Some of the remaining buildings are used as research facilities.

Restoration

Año Nuevo Island is a haul-out site for thousands of California sea lions. Over the past several decades, they have caused extensive damage to native plants and auklet burrows. In 2010, a conservation non-profit organization, Oikonos, started a restoration project to reduce sea lion trampling, re-grow native plants, and help the auklet populations.[6]

In Literature

  • New Year Island (novel) is a 2013 fiction thriller by Paul Draker, set on modern-day Año Nuevo Island.

See also

References

  1. ^ "When Was the Land Purchased?". CA State Parks. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Año Nuevo «  UCSC Natural Reserves". ucsantacruz.ucnrs.org. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Año Nuevo Island Reserve". Natural Reserve System. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  4. ^ "Geology". CA State Parks. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  5. ^ "Año Nuevo SP". CA State Parks. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  6. ^ "Año Nuevo Island". oikonos.org. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
Año Nuevo

Año Nuevo means New Year in the Spanish language, and refers to New Year's Eve in Latin American countries.

Año Nuevo State Park

Año Nuevo State Park is a state park of California, USA, encompassing Año Nuevo Island and Año Nuevo Point, which are known for their pinniped rookeries. Located in San Mateo County, the low, rocky, windswept point juts out into the Pacific Ocean about 55 miles (89 km) south of San Francisco and the Golden Gate. Año Nuevo State Natural Reserve, formerly a separate unit of the California state park system, was merged into Año Nuevo State Park in October 2008. The coastal geographic center, or coastal-midpoint of California is located at the Northern end of this park at N 37°09′58″, W 122°21'40", as the absolute geographic center of California falls at N 37°09′58″, W 119°26′58″W.The reserve contains a diversity of plant communities, including old growth forest, freshwater marsh, red alder riparian forest and knobcone pine forest. Its four perennial streams support steelhead and coho salmon, and its wetlands are habitat to the rare San Francisco garter snake and California red-legged frog. Cultural resources include the remnants of a prehistoric Native American village site and a number of structures from the 19th century Cascade Ranch. In conjunction with adjacent and nearby public lands, the unit permits the protection of important regional ecological corridors.

The point remains undeveloped, much as Sebastián Vizcaíno saw it from his passing ship in 1603.

Bethany Reservoir State Recreation Area

Bethany Reservoir State Recreation Area is a state park unit of California, USA, adjoining the Bethany Reservoir. It is located in Alameda County, near Livermore.

Situated in the northernmost part of the San Joaquin Valley, Bethany Reservoir State Recreation Area is a popular place for water-oriented recreation, especially fishing and windsurfing. The reservoir stores water for a pumping plant on the California Aqueduct.

Burton Creek State Park

Burton Creek State Park is a state park of California, USA, located in Placer County near Truckee.

Situated on the outskirts of Tahoe City, the park offers 6 miles (9.7 km) of unpaved roadway for hiking and cross-country skiing. The 1,890-acre (760 ha) park was established in 1976.

George J. Hatfield State Recreation Area

George J. Hatfield State Recreation Area is a state park unit on the Merced River Merced County, California. It is located in the San Joaquin Valley about 20 miles (32 km) south of Modesto.

Hollenbeck Canyon Wildlife Area

Hollenbeck Canyon Wildlife Area is located near Jamul in California. The former cattle ranch was designated a wildlife area in 2001, and forms a wildlife corridor between Otay Mountain Wilderness and Jamul Mountains under the protection of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. The area is open to the public for activities including hunting, equestrian use, hiking, mountain-biking, and (hunting) dog training.

List of California Historical Landmarks

Below is a list of California Historical Landmarks organized by county.

List of California state forests

This is a list of California state forests, operated by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

McConnell State Recreation Area

The McConnell State Recreation Area is on the banks of the Merced River, about two miles northeast of Livingston (on U.S. Route 99 between Turlock and Merced). Fishing is popular for catfish, black bass and perch. There are picnic, camping and play areas.

Monterey State Beach

Monterey State Beach is a protected beach on southern Monterey Bay in Monterey County, California.

It extends from the city of Monterey to Seaside.

The Seaside end of Monterey State Beach is a popular launch spot for paragliders. Surf fishing is permitted.

New Year Island

New Year Island may refer to:

Año Nuevo Island, California

Islas Año Nuevo, Argentina

Isla de Año Nuevo, name variant of Isla Observatorio, Argentina

New Year Island (Northern Territory)

New Year Island (Western Australia)

New Year Island (New Zealand)

New Years Island, New York

New Year Island (Tasmania)

Mejit Island, Marshall Islands, called Neujahrsinsel by the German navigator Otto von Kotzebue in 1817

Quail Ridge Reserve

Quail Ridge Reserve is a 2,000-acre (810 ha) nature reserve in northern California. It is located in the vicinity of Lake Berryessa and the Blue Ridge Berryessa Natural Area, in Napa County, California.

The Quail Ridge Reserve is administered by the University of California, Davis, and is a unit of the University of California Natural Reserve System.The habitat protected is of the California interior chaparral and woodlands plant community. Quail Ridge Reserve is also the location of QuRiNet, a wireless mesh network.

Rebar art and design studio

Rebar Art and Design Studio, stylized as REBAR, is an interdisciplinary studio founded in 2004 and based in San Francisco, United States, operating at the intersection of art, design.and activism. The group's work encompasses visual and conceptual public art, landscape design, urban intervention, temporary performance installation, digital media and print design. Rebar's projects often intersect with contemporary urban ecology, new urbanism, and psychogeography practices and theory.

Principal members of Rebar are John Bela, Matthew Passmore, and Blaine Merker. Rebar's work has been exhibited at the 2008 Venice Architecture Biennale, ExperimentaDesign Amsterdam, ISEA 2009 Dublin, the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, the American Institute of Architects, the Canadian Centre for Architecture, the Harvard Graduate School of Design, Parsons School of Design, University of California Berkeley, the University of Michigan, the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

San Elijo State Beach

San Elijo State Beach is a California State Beach in San Diego County, California, United States,

South Carlsbad State Beach

South Carlsbad State Beach is a beach located in Carlsbad, California.

Known for being a place for swimming, surfing, skin diving, fishing, and picnicking, the campground, which is led by the stairway from the beach, is very popular during the summer.This beach is located immediately south of Carlsbad State Beach.

Stone Lake (California)

Stone Lake is in Stone Lake State Park, a California State Park, located in Sacramento County, California. The open space property protects two rare natural Central Valley lakes and their surrounding riparian habitat and grassland areas.

The County of Sacramento operates Stone Lake.

Sunset State Beach

Sunset State Beach is a park and beach on Monterey Bay, in Santa Cruz County, California.

It is operated by the California Department of Parks and Recreation.

University of California Natural Reserve System

The University of California Natural Reserve System (UCNRS) is a system of protected areas throughout California.

Woodson Bridge State Recreation Area

Woodson Bridge State Recreation Area is a woodland park located along the Sacramento River in Tehama County, California.

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