Year 970 (CMLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 1st millennium
970 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar970
Ab urbe condita1723
Armenian calendar419
Assyrian calendar5720
Balinese saka calendar891–892
Bengali calendar377
Berber calendar1920
Buddhist calendar1514
Burmese calendar332
Byzantine calendar6478–6479
Chinese calendar己巳(Earth Snake)
3666 or 3606
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3667 or 3607
Coptic calendar686–687
Discordian calendar2136
Ethiopian calendar962–963
Hebrew calendar4730–4731
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1026–1027
 - Shaka Samvat891–892
 - Kali Yuga4070–4071
Holocene calendar10970
Iranian calendar348–349
Islamic calendar359–360
Japanese calendarAnna 3 / Tenroku 1
Javanese calendar871–872
Julian calendar970
Korean calendar3303
Minguo calendar942 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−498
Seleucid era1281/1282 AG
Thai solar calendar1512–1513
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1096 or 715 or −57
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
1097 or 716 or −56
Skylintzes+Byzantine Rus conflict
The Byzantines persecute the fleeing Rus'.


By place

Byzantine Empire







  1. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527–1071, p. 86. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1.
  2. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527–1071, pp.86–87. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1.
900 (number)

900 (nine hundred) is the natural number following 899 and preceding 901. It is the square of 30 and the sum of Euler's totient function for the first 54 integers. In base 10 it is a Harshad number.

970 AM

The following radio stations broadcast on AM frequency 970 kHz: 970 AM is a regional broadcast frequency.

Area code 970

Area code 970 is an area code serving most of the western and northern parts of Colorado. It covers Aspen, Breckenridge, Durango, Estes Park, Fort Collins, Glenwood Springs, Grand Junction, Greeley, Loveland, Steamboat Springs, and Vail. It split from area code 303 on April 2, 1995.

Battle of Arcadiopolis (970)

The Battle of Arcadiopolis was fought in 970 between a Byzantine army under Bardas Skleros and a Rus' army, the latter also including allied Bulgarian, Pecheneg and Hungarian (Magyar) contingents. In the preceding years, the Rus' ruler Sviatoslav had conquered Bulgaria, and was now menacing Byzantium as well. The Rus' force had been advancing through Thrace towards Constantinople when it was met by Skleros' force. Having fewer men than the Rus', Skleros prepared an ambush and attacked the Rus' army with a portion of his force. The Byzantines then feigned retreat, and succeeded in drawing off the Pecheneg contingent into the ambush, routing it. The remainder of the Rus' army then panicked and fled, and suffered heavy casualties from the pursuing Byzantines. The battle was important as it bought time for the Byzantine emperor John I Tzimiskes to settle his internal problems and assemble a large expedition, which eventually defeated Sviatoslav the next year.

Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria

From ca. 970 until 1018, a series of conflicts between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire led to the gradual conquest of Bulgaria by the Byzantines, who thus re-established their control over the entire Balkan peninsula for the first time since the 7th-century Slavic invasions. The struggle began with the incorporation of eastern Bulgaria after the Russo–Byzantine War (970–971). Bulgarian resistance was led by the Cometopuli brothers, who based in the unconquered western regions of the Bulgarian Empire led it until its fall under Byzantine rule in 1018.As the Byzantine-Bulgarian relations deteriorated by the end of the 960s, the Eastern Roman Empire paid the Kievan prince Sviatoslav to attack Bulgaria. The unexpected collapse of Bulgaria and Sviatoslav's ambitions to seize Constantinople caught the Eastern Roman Empire off-guard but they managed to pull back the Kievan armies and occupied eastern Bulgaria including the capital Preslav in 971. Emperor Boris II was captured and taken to Constantinople where he abdicated and the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes announced the annexation of Bulgaria, even though the Eastern Roman Empire only controlled Eastern Bulgaria at the time, but the lands to the west remained under Bulgarian control. The four brothers David, Moses, Aron and Samuel of the Cometopuli dynasty ruled in the free territories and in 976 launched a major offensive against the Byzantines to regain the lost lands. Soon the youngest brother Samuel took the whole authority following the deaths of his three eldest brothers.

Samuel proved to be a successful general inflicting a major defeat on the Byzantine army commanded by Basil II at the Gates of Trajan and retaking north-eastern Bulgaria. His successful campaigns expanded the Bulgarian borders into Thessaly and Epirus and in 998 he conquered the principality of Duklja. In 997 Samuel was proclaimed Emperor of Bulgaria after the death of the legitimate ruler, Roman.

By the end of the millennium the fortunes of war turned into Byzantine favour. The Byzantines under Basil II, a successful general and experienced soldier, slowly got the upper hand and from 1001 started to seize a number of important areas and towns. The Bulgarians were unable to stop the annual Byzantine campaigns which devastated the country. In 1014 the Byzantines won the decisive battle of Kleidion and Samuel died a few weeks later. Tsar Samuel's reign was followed by the short reigns of his son Gavril Radomir and his nephew Ivan Vladislav. In 1018, Ivan Vladislav's widow, Maria, negotiated very favorable terms of surrender to the Byzantine emperor. All local lords who surrendered were transferred either to Constantinople or to Anatolia and most of them were later assimilated into the Byzantine society. Bulgaria lost its independence and remained subject to Byzantium for more than a century and a half, until 1185. Its western part was transformed into one of the many Byzantine's provinces, which was ruled by a governor appointed by the Emperor. With the collapse of the first Bulgarian state, the Bulgarian church fell under the domination of Greek ecclesiastics who took control of the see of Ohrid and attempted to replace the Bulgarian Slavic liturgy with a Greek liturgy.

Extended Unix Code

Extended Unix Code (EUC) is a multibyte character encoding system used primarily for Japanese, Korean, and simplified Chinese.

The structure of EUC is based on the ISO-2022 standard, which specifies a way to represent character sets containing a maximum of 94 characters, or 8836 (942) characters, or 830584 (943) characters, as sequences of 7-bit codes. Only ISO-2022 compliant character sets can have EUC forms. Up to four coded character sets (referred to as G0, G1, G2, and G3 or as code sets 0, 1, 2, and 3) can be represented with the EUC scheme.

G0 is almost always an ISO-646 compliant coded character set such as US-ASCII, ISO 646:KR (KS X 1003) or ISO 646:JP (the lower half of JIS X 0201) that is invoked on GL (i.e. with the most significant bit cleared). An exception from US-ASCII is that 0x5C (backslash in US-ASCII) is often used to represent a Yen sign in EUC-JP (see below) and a Won sign in EUC-KR.

To get the EUC form of an ISO-2022 character, the most significant bit of each 7-bit byte of the original ISO 2022 codes is set (by adding 128 to each of these original 7-bit codes); this allows software to easily distinguish whether a particular byte in a character string belongs to the ISO-646 code or the ISO-2022 (EUC) code.

The most commonly used EUC codes are variable-width encodings with a character belonging to G0 (ISO-646 compliant coded character set) taking one byte and a character belonging to G1 (taken by a 94x94 coded character set) represented in two bytes. The EUC-CN form of GB2312 and EUC-KR are examples of such two-byte EUC codes. EUC-JP includes characters represented by up to three bytes whereas a single character in EUC-TW can take up to four bytes.

Modern applications are more likely to use UTF-8, which supports all of the glyphs of the EUC codes, and more, and is generally more portable with fewer vendor deviations and errors.

GeForce 900 series

Serving as the high-end introduction to Maxwell, named after James Clerk Maxwell, the GeForce 900 Series is a family of graphics processing units developed by Nvidia, succeeding the GeForce 700 series.

With Maxwell, the successor to Kepler, Nvidia expected three major outcomes from the Maxwell: improved graphics capabilities, simplified programming, and better energy-efficiency compared to the GeForce 700 Series and GeForce 600 Series.Maxwell was announced in September 2010, with the first Maxwell-based GeForce consumer-class products released in early 2014.

German submarine U-970

German submarine U-970 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 5 June 1941, and was laid down on 29 May 1942 at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, as yard number 170. She was launched on 11 February 1943 and commissioned under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans-Heinrich Ketels on 25 March 1943.


KBUL (970 AM, "News Radio 970 AM") is an American talk radio station that broadcasts in the Billings Metro Area of the U.S. state of Montana. The station features the following radio personalities: Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity, Glenn Beck, Coast to Coast AM with George Noory, and Billings Morning News. KBUL AM was simulcasting sister station KCTR-FM until September 2001.


KHTY (970 AM, "Fox Sports 970") is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Bakersfield, California and serves inland central California. The station is owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. and airs a sports radio format as an affiliate of Fox Sports Radio. The KHTY studios are located in southwest Bakersfield, and its transmitter is located east of Oildale, California.

KHTY broadcasts various sports programs, including Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Dodgers games as well as NASCAR races.


KUFO (970 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station owned by Alpha Media and licensed to Portland, Oregon. The station, owned by Alpha Media calls itself "Freedom 970". Since March 2006, it has featured a talk radio format. KUFO's offices and studios are on Southwest 5th Avenue in Portland. Its transmitter is in Portland's west hills. KUFO broadcasts with 5,000 watts around the clock. By day, the signal is non-directional but at night, KUFO uses a directional signal to protect other stations on 970 kHz.

Polyeuctus of Constantinople

Polyeuctus (in Greek: Πολύευκτος), (? – 5 February 970) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (956–970). His orthodox feast is on February 5.

PowerPC 970

The PowerPC 970, PowerPC 970FX, PowerPC 970GX, and PowerPC 970MP are 64-bit PowerPC processors from IBM introduced in 2002. When used in PowerPC-based Macintosh computers, Apple referred to them as the PowerPC G5.

The 970 family was created through a collaboration between IBM and Apple. The project went under the codename GP-UL or Giga Processor Ultra Light, where Giga Processor was the codename for the POWER4 from which the core was derived. When Apple introduced the Power Mac G5, they stated that this was a five-year collaborative effort, with multiple future generations, but it was short-lived. Apple had to retract the promise to deliver a 3 GHz processor one year after its introduction, and IBM could never get the power consumption down far enough for these processors to fit into a portable computer. Apple only used three variants of the processor.

IBM’s JS20/JS21 blade modules and some low-end workstations and System p servers are based on the PowerPC 970. It is also used in some high end embedded systems like Mercury’s Momentum XSA-200. IBM is also licensing the PowerPC 970 core for use in custom applications.

Saskatchewan Highway 970

Highway 970 is a provincial highway in the northeast region of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from the Highway 265 / Highway 926 intersection to a dead end. Highway 970 is about 15 km (9 mi) long.


Tenroku (天禄) was a Japanese era (年号, nengō, "year name") after Anna and before Ten'en. This period spanned the years from March 970 through March 973. The reigning emperors were Reizei-tennō (冷泉天皇) and En'yū-tennō (円融天皇).


USS LST-970 was an LST-542-class tank landing ship in the United States Navy. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 970

United Nations Security Council resolution 970, adopted on 12 January 1995, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina in particular Resolution 943 (1994) concerning the border closure between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Council decided that measures in that resolution would be suspended for a further period of 100 days.The Security Council welcomed the steps that Serbia and Montenegro took in maintaining the closure of its border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was important that the border remained closed, and that any violations of the closure were punished, noting that parts of Resolution 757 (1992) remained in force.

Requirements in Resolution 820 (1993) stating that import to, export from and transshipment through the United Nations Protected Areas in Croatia and areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the control of Bosnian Serb forces would have to be approved by the governments of both countries, except for humanitarian aid, were reaffirmed. The Committee of the Security Council established in Resolution 757 (1992) concerning requests for humanitarian assistance including from the International Committee of the Red Cross and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and other organisations was urged to adopt streamlined procedures.

The Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was requested to report to the Council every 30 days as to whether Serbia and Montenegro was effectively implementing the border closure, and that if not, the suspension of restrictions and other measures would be terminated within 5 working days. The Council concluded by stating it would keep the situation under review.

Russia abstained from the vote on Resolution 970, which was approved by the other 14 members of the Council.


WBGG is a sports radio station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, owned by iHeartMedia, Inc.. The station broadcasts at 970 kHz with 5,000 watts day and night. WBGG's studios are located in Green Tree, and its transmitter is located in Ross Township, Pennsylvania.


WDUL (970 AM) is a radio station licensed in Superior, Wisconsin. The station is owned and operated by Midwest Communications, which owns six stations in Duluth, Minnesota. All the Duluth stations share the same studio location at 11 East Superior St. Suite 380, downtown Duluth.

WDUL airs programming from the CBS Sports Radio network. WDUL's main competition when their format was standards was WKLK-AM in Cloquet, Minnesota, coincidentally a former "Music of Your Life" affiliate station, which now features America's Best Music from Dial Global.

The station adopted its standards format in September 2008. Prior to that, WDUL aired ESPN Radio programming, as well as The Jim Rome Show and Loveline. It was also the local home of NASCAR races and ESPN Sunday Night Baseball.


WFLA ("Newsradio WFLA") is talk-formatted station in Tampa, Florida, serving the Tampa Bay media market. The station is owned and operated by iHeartMedia, Inc., the largest U.S. radio station owner. The station's studios are located in South Tampa and the main transmitter site is in Town 'n' Country.

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