945

Year 945 (CMXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar945
CMXLV
Ab urbe condita1698
Armenian calendar394
ԹՎ ՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar5695
Balinese saka calendar866–867
Bengali calendar352
Berber calendar1895
Buddhist calendar1489
Burmese calendar307
Byzantine calendar6453–6454
Chinese calendar甲辰(Wood Dragon)
3641 or 3581
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3642 or 3582
Coptic calendar661–662
Discordian calendar2111
Ethiopian calendar937–938
Hebrew calendar4705–4706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1001–1002
 - Shaka Samvat866–867
 - Kali Yuga4045–4046
Holocene calendar10945
Iranian calendar323–324
Islamic calendar333–334
Japanese calendarTengyō 8
(天慶8年)
Javanese calendar845–846
Julian calendar945
CMXLV
Korean calendar3278
Minguo calendar967 before ROC
民前967年
Nanakshahi calendar−523
Seleucid era1256/1257 AG
Thai solar calendar1487–1488
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1071 or 690 or −82
    — to —
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1072 or 691 or −81
Knyaz Igor in 945 by Lebedev
Igor I collects tribute from the Drevlians.

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Europe

England

Arabian Empire

China

By topic

Religion

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Timothy Reuter (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 509. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
  2. ^ Timothy Reuter (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 385. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
900 (number)

900 (nine hundred) is the natural number following 899 and preceding 901. It is the square of 30 and the sum of Euler's totient function for the first 54 integers. In base 10 it is a Harshad number.

Al-Sijzi

Abu Sa'id Ahmed ibn Mohammed ibn Abd al-Jalil al-Sijzi (c. 945 - c. 1020, also known as al-Sinjari and al-Sijazi; Persian: ابوسعید سجزی‎; Al-Sijzi is short for "Al-Sijistani") was an Iranian Muslim astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer. He is notable for his correspondence with al-Biruni and for proposing that the Earth rotates around its axis in the 10th century.He dedicated work to 'Adud al-Daula, who was probably his patron, and to the prince of Balkh. He also worked in Shiraz making astronomical observations from 969 to 970.

Buyid dynasty

The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids (Persian: آل بویه‎ Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was a Shia Iranian dynasty of Daylamite origin. Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the 'Iranian Intermezzo' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire.The Buyid dynasty was founded by 'Ali ibn Buya, who in 934 conquered Fars and made Shiraz his capital. His younger brother Hasan ibn Buya conquered parts of Jibal in the late 930s, and by 943 managed to capture Ray, which he made his capital. In 945, the youngest brother, Ahmad ibn Buya, conquered Iraq and made Baghdad his capital. He received the laqab or honorific title of Mu'izz al-Dawla ("Fortifier of the State"). The eldest, 'Ali, was given the title of 'Imad al-Dawla ("Support of the State"), and Hasan was given the title of Rukn al-Dawla ("Pillar of the State").

As Daylamite Iranians, the Buyids consciously revived symbols and practices of Iran's Sasanian Empire. Beginning with 'Adud al-Dawla, they used the ancient Sasanian title Shahanshah (شاهنشاه), literally "king of kings".At its greatest extent, the Buyid dynasty encompassed territory of most of today's Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Syria, along with parts of Oman, the UAE, Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan. During the 10th and 11th centuries, just prior to the invasion of the Seljuq Turks, the Buyids were the most influential dynasty in the Middle East. Under king 'Adud al-Dawla, it became briefly the most powerful dynasty in the Middle East.

Florida State Road 907

State Road 907 (SR 907), also known as Alton Road and 63rd Street, is a major north–south artery in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, extending 5.659-mile (9.107 km). It is one of a few of the state roads that have both termini on the same state route. In this case, the southern terminus is the intersection of Alton Road and Fifth Street (SR A1A), and the northern terminus is the intersection of 63rd Street and Collins Avenue (SR A1A). Alton Road snakes up the western (Biscayne Bay) side of the barrier islands comprising Miami Beach, while Collins Avenue parallels the Atlantic shore to the east. In addition, SR 907 is often used as a bypass for the oft-congested SR A1A.

Alton Road has seen early ripples of sea level rise caused by global warming.

Igor of Kiev

Igor I (Old East Slavic: Игорь, Igor'; Old Norse: Ingvar Røriksen) was a Varangian ruler of Kievan Rus' from 912 to 945.

Jewell Meadows Wildlife Area

Jewell Meadows Wildlife Area is an American wildlife refuge located in northwest Oregon, near the community of Jewell. The area is designed to benefit native wildlife and to reduce impact of wild animal populations on area properties. The area now measures 1,114 acres. The original size was 183 acres when the area was established in 1969. During the winter and spring months, up to 200 elk may be seen from an adjacent highway. Hunting is prohibited and there is no public access to the main meadow. There are parking areas and four viewing areas on site, along with some affiliated signage.

List of state highways in Maryland shorter than one mile (900–999)

The following is a list of state highways in Maryland shorter than one mile (1.6 km) in length with route numbers between 900 and 999. Most of these highways act as service roads, old alignments of more prominent highways, or connectors between one or more highways. Many of these highways are unsigned and have multiple segments with the same number. Several of these highways have their own articles; those highways are summarized here and a link is provided to the main article. This list does not include highways where at least one highway of that number is at least one mile in length. All highways at least one mile in length have their own article. The highways shorter than one mile with the same number are covered in the main article for the highway.

List of tallest buildings in China

China has the largest number of tall buildings in the world, surpassing that of the United States (700+) and Japan (230+) combined. As of early 2017, China has more than 1400 skyscrapers above 150 meters (492 ft) of which 48 are super-tall 300 meters (984 ft and above).

Min Kingdom

Min (Chinese: 閩; pinyin: Mǐn) was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945. It existed in a mountainous region of modern-day Fujian province of China and had a history of quasi-independent rule. Its capital was Fuzhou. It was founded by Wang Shenzhi.

Putin khuylo!

"Putin – khuilo!" (Ukrainian: Пу́тін - хуйло́; IPA: [ˈputʲin xʊjˈlɔ], Russian: Пу́тин - хуйло́, IPA: [ˈputʲɪn xʊjˈlo], a commonly used English translation: Putin is a dickhead) is a Ukrainian- and Russian-language slogan deriding Russian President Vladimir Putin. The slogan originated in Ukraine in 2014 having grown from a football chant first performed by FC Metalist Kharkiv ultras in March 2014 on the onset of the Russian annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Ukraine. The phrase has become very widespread throughout Ukraine among supporters of the Ukrainian government and more generally those who do not like Vladimir Putin in both Russian-speaking and Ukrainian-speaking areas of Ukraine.

Rus'–Byzantine Treaty (945)

The Rus'–Byzantine Treaty between the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII and Igor I of Kiev was concluded either in 944 or 945 as a result of a naval expedition undertaken by Kievan Rus against Constantinople in the early 940s. Its provisions were less advantageous for the Rus than those of the previous treaty, associated with the name of Igor's predecessor Oleg. It was one of the earliest written sources of Old Russian Law.

The text of the treaty, as preserved in the Primary Chronicle, contains a list of the Rus' plenipotentiaries (no fewer than fifty are named). The overwhelming majority have Norse names. One part of the Rus' envoys swear to their pagan gods, while another part invoke the name of the Christian God, indicating that a substantial portion of the Rus' elite was Christianized.

Apart from Igor's wife Olga, two other archontesses are mentioned: Predslava, Volodislav's wife and Sphandra, Uleb's wife. It is not clear whether these two pairs of names (Slavic and Norse respectively) refer to some Rurikid relatives of Igor or represent a separate ruling family.

The treaty of 944/945 repeated several clauses from the previous settlements. The Rus' promised not to attack Chersonesos, a Byzantine exclave in the Crimea (Article 8). The mouth of the Dnieper River (Beloberezhye) was to be administrated jointly, although the Rus' were forbidden to winter there and to oppress fishers from Chersonesos (Article 12).

Article 2 contains novel provisions on maritime law. In order to distinguish peaceful merchants from raiders, each ship of the Rus' was to bear a charter of the Kievan prince, explaining how many people and how many ships would sail to Constantinople. Otherwise, the Rus' ships might be apprehended by the imperial authorities.

Saskatchewan Highway 24

Highway 24 is a highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from Highway 3 near Spiritwood to Chitek Lake near the Chitek Lake Provincial Recreation Site. Highway 24 is about 56 km (35 mi) long. Highway 24 also passes near the communities of Laventure, Leoville, Panton, and Penn. Intersections along Highway 24 are with Highways 793, 696, and 945.

In April 2014, due to its state of disrepair, it was named the worst highway in Saskatchewan by the Canadian Automobile Association (CAA).

Saskatchewan Highway 943

Highway 943 is a provincial highway in the northwest region of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from the settlement of Meetoos, where it continues as Highway 698, to Highway 942 northwest of Big River. Highway 943 is about 69 km (43 mi) long.

Highway 943 intersects Highway 945 and Highway 946, as well as an access road to the Island Lake Provincial Recreation Site on Island Lake.

Saskatchewan Highway 945

Highway 945 is a highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from Highway 24 near Chitek Lake to Highway 943 near Island Lake. Highway 945 is about 25 km (16 mi) long.

Two provincial recreational sites lie on the highway.

Sierra-class submarine

The Sierra I class is the NATO reporting name for a type of nuclear attack submarines intended for the Soviet Navy and Russian Navy. The Soviet designation is Project 945 (Barrakuda). The Sierra class has a light and strong titanium pressure hull which enables the class to dive to greater depths, reduce the level of radiated noise and increase resistance to torpedo attacks. It is powered by a single OK-650 pressurized water reactor.

The upgraded version is the Sierra II class or Project 945A (Kondor) with improved quieting and sonar. The Sierra II class was specifically developed for search and destroy missions against US nuclear submarines. It has a smaller turning circle than any other modern submarine, with speeds and diving depth greater than its American counterparts.

Simud Valles

Simud Valles is an ancient outflow channel in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars, located at 19.8° N and 37.8° W. It is 945.0 km long and was named for the word for "Mars" in Sumerian. Note: Descriptor term changed to the plural (valles), and coordinates redefined 3/31/2008.

Thymidylate synthase inhibitor

Thymidylate synthase inhibitors are chemical agents which inhibit the enzyme thymidylate synthase and have potential as an anticancer chemotherapy. Five agents were in clinical trials in 2002: raltitrexed, pemetrexed, nolatrexed, ZD9331, and GS7904L.Examples include

Raltitrexed, used for colorectal cancer since 1998

Fluorouracil, used for colorectal cancer

BGC 945

OSI-7904L

Twenty-first Dynasty of Egypt

The Twenty-first Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XXI, alternatively 21st Dynasty or Dynasty 21) is usually classified as the first Dynasty of the Ancient Egyptian Third Intermediate Period, lasting from 1069 BC to 945 BC.

USS LST-945

USS LST-945 was an LST-542-class tank landing ship in the United States Navy. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 945

United Nations Security Council resolution 945, adopted unanimously on 29 September 1994, after reaffirming Resolution 696 (1991) and all subsequent resolutions on Angola, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II) until 31 October 1994 and discussed the implementation of peace agreements.The Council indicated that its future decisions on the role of the United Nations in Angola would depend on the will by the parties to achieve peace. There were still serious concerns about hostilities in the country which could affect the peace talks in Lusaka, Zambia, the implementation of UNAVEM II 's mandate and cause suffering to the civilian population. Concern was also expressed at violations of the arms embargo against UNITA in Resolution 864 (1993).

After extending the mandate of UNAVEM II until 31 October 1994, both parties were also urged to complete discussions in Lusaka and sign an agreement by the same date. Any further delays in the peace process were unacceptable. It was noted that UNITA had accepted proposals put forward by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and the three observer States and therefore no further action would be taken against the party. Should there be no agreement, the presence of the United Nations in Angola would be reviewed, and if there was an agreement, there would be an increase in strength in UNAVEM II to its previously authorised level. Meanwhile, military actions were urged to be halted immediately.

Actions that hindered the provision of humanitarian aid to the population, such as the laying of landmines, were condemned. The disappearance of humanitarian workers on 27 August 1994 caused concern and demands for their release were made. All states were reminded to implement the provisions of Resolution 864 against UNITA. Finally, the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was asked to report to the Council on the military and humanitarian situation in Angola by 20 October 1994 and on the progress of the talks in Lusaka.

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