Year 914 (CMXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- Spring – Empress Zoe Karbonopsina leads a palace coup at Constantinople and overthrows, with the support of the magistros John Eladas, Patriarch Nicholas Mystikos as regent over her son, Emperor Constantine VII. She allows Nicholas to remain as patriarch, repudiates the title granted to Simeon I of Bulgaria (see 913) and nullifies the marriage plans (with a Bulgarian princess) made for her son by Nicholas.
- Summer – Byzantine–Bulgarian War: Simeon I invades, with the Bulgarian army, the themes of Thrace and Macedonia. Simultaneously, the Bulgarian troops penetrate into the regions of Dyrrhachium and Thessalonica to the west. Thrace's largest and most important city, Adrianople (modern Turkey), is besieged and captured. However, the Byzantines promptly regain the city in exchange for a huge ransom.
- January 24 – The Fatimid general, Hubāsa of the Kutama Berber tribe, marches out with his troops from Tripoli. He follows the coastline, and takes possession of the only two towns of any size Syrte and Ajdābiya, without a struggle. The garrisons of the two towns—the westernmost outposts of the Abbasid Caliphate—have already fled.
- February 6 – Hubāsa takes Barqah (modern-day Benghazi), the ancient capital of Cyrenaica. The Abbasid governor withdraws to Egypt, before the superior strength of the Fatimids. With this rich, fertile province fallen into his hands, it provides Hubāsa with 24,000 dinars in annual revenues from taxes, as well as 15,000 dinars paid by Christians.
- July 11 – Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah, son of the Fatimid caliph Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, leaves Raqqada at the head of an army, which is composed of Kutama warriors and the Arab jund (personal guard) in an attempt to conquer Egypt. He send orders to Hubāsa to wait for him, but driven by ambition Hubāsa is already on his way to Alexandria.
- August 27 – Hubāsa captures Alexandria, after a victorious encounter with Egyptian troops near Al-Hanniyya (modern-day El Alamein). The Abbasid governor Tekin refuses to surrender and asks for reinforcements, which reach him in September. Shortly after Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah enters Alexandria, with the rest of his army.
- December – The Fatimid army under Hubāsa leaves Alexandria, followed by Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah. The Abbassid troops hold Fustat and begin a counter-offensive against the invaders. The Kutama cavalry suffers heavy losses to the Turkish archers.
- January 12 – Ahmad Samani, emir of the Samanid Empire, is murdered (decapitation) while sleeping in his tent at Bukhara (modern Uzbekistan) by some of his slaves. He is succeeded by his 8-year-old son, Nasr II, under the regency of Vizier Abu Abdallah al-Jayhani. The Abbasids try, in vain, to benefit from the turmoil to reconquer Sistan.
- Sajid invasion of Georgia: A Muslim army under Yusuf ibn Abi'l-Saj campaigns in the Georgian principalities. He makes Tiflis his base for operations, and invades Kakheti. Yusuf proceeds to Kartli, where the fortifications of Uplistsikhe are demolished. He besieges and captures the fortress of Q'ueli, putting its defender Gobron to death.
- Hasan al-Utrush re-establishes Zaydid rule over the province Tabaristan (Northern Iran), after 14 years of Samanid occupation. He becomes the new ruler (emir) and Zaydid noblemen accept his authority.
- January 12 – Ahmad Samani, Samanid emir
- January 19 – García I, king of León (Spain)
- February 12 – Li, empress of Yan
- Abu Sa'id al-Jannabi, founder of Bahrain (or 913)
- Aedh mac Ailell, abbot of Clonfert
- Bárid mac Oitir, Viking leader
- Gobron, Georgian military commander
- Idalguer, Frankish bishop
- John Eladas, Byzantine regent
- Krishna II, Indian ruler
- Lando, pope of the Catholic Church
- Li Jihui, Chinese governor
- Liu Rengong, Chinese warlord
- Liu Shouguang, Chinese warlord
- Mu'nis al-Fahl, Abbasid general
- Plegmund, archbishop of Canterbury (or 923)
- ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 148. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
- ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
- ^ Ch Paquis, Louis Dochez Histoire d'Espagne Béthune et Plon, 1844.
- ^ John Haywood (1995). Historical Atlas of the Vikings, p. 74. ISBN 978-0-140-51328-8.
- ^ Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
- ^ Picard, C. (2000) Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle). L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose; pp.54.
- ^ Timeline of the Early British Kingdoms 599 AD–937 AD - Britannia.com.
- ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ed. M. Swanton (Dent, London 1997), s.a. 911–918.
- ^ a b c d e Heinz Halm The empire of the Mahdi, Partie 1, Volume 26 BRILL, 1996. ISBN 978-90-04-10056-5.
- ^ Joel L. Kraemer Philosophy in the renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and his circle Brill Archive, 1986. ISBN 978-90-04-07258-9.
- ^ Rayfield, Donald (2000). The Literature of Georgia: A History, pp. 48-49. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1163-5.
- ^ Ancient India Par R.C. Majumdar Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1994. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4.
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