87th Flying Training Squadron

The 87th Flying Training Squadron is part of the United States Air Force 47th Flying Training Wing based at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas. It operates T-38 Talon aircraft conducting flight training.

The squadron is one of the oldest in the United States Air Force, its origins dating to 18 August 1917 when it was organized at Selfridge Field, Mount Clemens, Michigan as a pilot training Squadron during World War I. The squadron saw combat during World War II, and became part of Air Defense Command during the Cold War.

87th Flying Training Squadron
87th Flying Training Squadron - T-38s Laughlin AFB TX
87th Flying Training Squadron T-38s flying over Laughlin AFB
Active1917-1918; 1935-1936; 1942-1947; 1952-1955; 1956-1985; 1990 – present
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Air Force
TypePilot Training
Part ofAir Education and Training Command
19th Air Force
47th Flying Training Wing
47th Operations Group
Garrison/HQLaughlin Air Force Base
Nickname(s)Skeeers (World War II)[1]
Motto(s)Vigilantia est Pax Latin Vigilance is Peace
EngagementsWorld War II
*North African Campaign
*Operation Husky
* Operation Avalanche
*Italian Campaign
*Operation Dragoon[2]
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award[2]
Insignia
87th Flying Training Squadron emblem (approved 12 February 1969)[2]
87th Flying Training Squadron
87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (approved 16 July 1956[3]
87 Fighter-Interceptor Sq emblem

History

World War I

It was activated as the 87th Aero Squadron. the 87th saw brief service in the 1910s and again in the 1930s.

World War II

It was reactivated in 1942 when it was transferred to North Africa to fight against Germany's Afrika Korps. Following the German defeat and withdrawal from North Africa the 87th participated in the Allied Invasion of Sicily and Invasion of Italy and subsequent drive up the Italian Peninsula. During the Allied offensive in Italy the squadron was briefly dispatched to support the invasion of Southern France in 1944. Following the war the 87th was stationed in Austria for a short time before its return to the United States and inactivation.[4]

Air Defense Command

87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron North American F-86D-30-NA Sabre 51-6035 1956 Lockbourne AFB
87th FIS F-86D Sabre 51-6035 at Lockbourne AFB in 1956
87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron-F-106-flightline
87th FIS F-106s on the flightline at K. I. Sawyer AFB in 1976[note 1]
87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron-TAC-F-106-59-0094
F-106 59-0094 in flight in the early 1980s[note 2]

The 87th was again activated at Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa in 1952 to provide air defense of the central United States. Equipped with the North American F-51D Mustang, it was later equipped with the North American F-86D Sabre in 1953 prior to being reassigned to USAFE, stationed at RAF Bentwaters, England in 1954 assisting in the air defense of the United Kingdom.[4]

It was returned to CONUS in 1956 at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio with an air defense mission over the Ohio Valley. It was uas upgraded to the North American F-86L Sabre in 1957, an improved version of the F-86D which incorporated the Semi Automatic Ground Environment, or SAGE computer-controlled direction system for intercepts; upgraded again in 1960 to the supersonic Convair F-102 Delta Dagger interceptor.[4]

The 87th was re-equipped with new McDonnell F-101B Voodoo supersonic interceptor, and the F-101F operational and conversion trainer in 1960. The two-seat trainer version was equipped with dual controls, but carried the same armament as the F-101B and were fully combat-capable. On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the squadron dispersed one-third of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Clinton County Air Force Base at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis.[5][6] These planes returned to Lockbourne after the crisis.

The F-101Bs were transferred to the Air National Guard in 1968 and the squadron moved to Duluth International Airport, Minnesota. At Duluth, was upgraded to the Convair F-106 Delta Darts. During this period the squadron became known for its ability to perform cold weather operations.

The squadron was again moved to K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan in 1971. Inactivated in 1985 after budget cuts forced the cancellation of its scheduled conversion to the mcDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.[4]

Flying training

The squadron was reactivated in 1990 and its mission changed to providing flight training. Today the squadron operates Northrop T-38 Talon aircraft providing training to pilot students on track to operate fighters or bombers.[4]

Lineage

87th Aero Squadron

  • Designated as the 87th Aero Squadron and organized, on 18 August 1917
Redesignated Squadron B, Park Field on 25 July 1918
  • Demobilized on 1 December 1918
  • Reconstituted and consolidated on 1 December 1936 with 87th Pursuit Squadron as the 87th Pursuit Squadron[7]

87th Pursuit Squadron

  • Constituted as the 87th Pursuit Squadron on 19 February 1935
  • Organized on 1 March 1935
  • Inactivated 1 September 1936
  • Disbanded on 1 January 1938
  • Reconstituted and consolidated on 21 March 1979 with 87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron as the 87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron[7]

87th Flying Training Squadron

  • Constituted as the 87th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 13 January 1942
Redesignated 87th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) (Twin Engine) on 31 January 1942
  • Activated on 9 February 1942
Redesignated 87th Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942
Redesignated 87th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 21 August 1944
  • Inactivated on 15 July 1947
Redesignated 87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 11 September 1952
  • Activated on 1 November 1952
  • Inactivated on 8 September 1955
  • Activated on 8 April 1956
  • Inactivated on 1 October 1985
Redesignated 87th Flying Training Squadron on 9 Feb 1990
  • Activated on 2 Apr 1990[7]

Assignments

Stations

  • Kelly Field, Texas, 18 August 1917
  • Selfridge Field, Michigan, September 1917
  • Park Field, Tennessee, December 1917 - 1 December 1918
  • Maxwell Field, Alabama, 1 March 1935 – 1 September 1936
  • Dale Mabry Field, Florida, 9 February 1942
  • Morris Field, North Carolina, 1 May 1942
  • Rentschler Field, Connecticut, 25 June 1942 – 28 September 1942
  • Egypt, 12 November 1942
  • Libya, 24 January 1943
  • Tunisia, 13 March 1943
  • Malta, 4 July 1943
  • Sicily, 17 July 1943
  • Southern Italy, 15 September 1943
  • Salsola Airfield, Italy, 4 October 1943
  • Madna Airfield, Italy, 17 November 1943
  • Capodichino Airport, Italy, 17 January 1944
  • Pomigliano Airfield, Italy, 1 May 1944
  • Corsica, 11 June 1944
  • Southern France, 22 August 1944
  • Iesi Airfield, Italy, 4 October 1944
  • Fano Airfield, Italy, 6 December 1944
  • Cesenatico Airfield, Italy, 21 March 1945
  • Horsching Airfield, Austria, 27 July 1945
  • Langley Field, Virginia, 25 June 1947 – 15 July 1947
  • Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa, 1 November 1952
  • RAF Bentwaters, England, 13 December 1954 – 8 September 1955
  • Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, 8 April 1956
  • Duluth International Airport, Minnesota, 30 Sep 1968
  • K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan, 1 May 1971 – 1 Oct 1985
  • Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas, 2 Apr 1990 – present[7]

Aircraft

  • Curtiss P-40 Warhawk (1942–1944)
  • Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (1944–1947)
  • North American F-51D Mustang (1952–1953)
  • North American F-86D Sabre Interceptor (1953–1955, 1956–1957)
  • North American F-86L Sabre Interceptor (SAGE) (1957-1958)
  • Convair F-102 Delta Dagger (1958–1960)
  • McDonnell F-101B Voodoo (1960–1968)
  • Convair F-106 Delta Dart (1968–1985)
  • Northrop T-38 Talon (1990–present)[7]

See also

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Note the American Revolution Bicentennial Celebration logo on the nose of 59-53
  2. ^ Note the Tactical Air Command emblem on the tail, replacing the squadron emblem
Citations
  1. ^ Watkins, p.30
  2. ^ a b c Bailey, Carl E. (10 September 2008). "Factsheet 87 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  3. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 299-300
  4. ^ a b c d e "Laughlin AFB Library: Fact Sheet 87th Flying Training Squadron". 47th Flying Training Wing Public Affairs. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  5. ^ McMullen, pp. 10-12
  6. ^ NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, p. 16
  7. ^ a b c d e f Lineage, including assignments, stations and aircraft in Bailey
  8. ^ Per Bailey. However, the III Corps Observation Group was organized in France c. July 1918 and the 87th Aero Squadron never left the United States.

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Cornett, Lloyd H.; Johnson, Mildred W. (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
  • McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000)
  • Watkins, Robert A. (2009). Insignia and Aircraft Markings of the U.S. Army Air Force In World War II. Volume IV, European-African-Middle Eastern Theater of Operations. Atglen,PA: Shiffer Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7643-3401-6.
  • NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996)
  • "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor (January 1979) Aerospace Defense Command, (Volume 21, Number 1)

External links

47th Flying Training Wing

The 47th Flying Training Wing is a United States Air Force pilot training wing based at Laughlin Air Force Base, near Del Rio, Texas. It is one of five pilot training units in the Air Force's Air Education and Training Command which conducts joint specialized undergraduate pilot training for the United States Air Force, Air Force Reserve, Air National Guard and allied nation air forces utilizing the T-38C, T-6A and T-1A aircraft.

47th Operations Group

The 47th Operations Group (47 OG) is the flying component of the 47th Flying Training Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command. The group is stationed at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas.

521st Air Defense Group

The 521st Air Defense Group is a disbanded United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 31st Air Division at Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa, where it was inactivated in 1955. The group was originally activated as a support unit for the 310th Bombardment Group at the end of World War II in Italy and then redeployed to the United States where it was inactivated in 1945.

The group was activated once again in 1953, when ADC established it as the headquarters for a dispersed fighter-interceptor squadron and the medical, maintenance, and administrative squadrons supporting it. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 53d Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.

List of American aero squadrons

This is a partial list of original Air Service, United States Army "Aero Squadrons" before and during World War I. Units formed after 1 January 1919 are not listed.

Aero Squadrons were the designation of the first United States Army aviation units until the end of World War I. These units consisted of combat flying, training, ground support, construction and other components of the Air Service. After World War I ended, the majority of these squadrons were demobilized. Some however were retained during the interwar period of the 1920s and 1930s, and served in all theaters of operation during World War II. Today, the oldest squadrons in the United States Air Force and Air National Guard can trace their lineage back to the original Aero Squadrons of World War I.

List of United States Air Force training squadrons

This is a list of United States Air Force training squadrons. It covers units that specialize in training such as combat training, flying training, and training squadrons and serves as a break out of the comprehensive List of United States Air Force squadrons. Units in this list are assigned to nearly every Major Command in the United States Air Force.

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2010–present)

This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred. Not all of the aircraft were in operation at the time. For more exhaustive lists, see the Aircraft Crash Record Office, the Air Safety Network or the Dutch Scramble Website Brush and Dustpan Database. Combat losses are not included except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances.

Northrop T-38 Talon

The Northrop T-38 Talon is a two-seat, twinjet supersonic jet trainer. It was the world's first supersonic trainer and is also the most produced. The T-38 remains in service as of 2018 in several air forces.

The United States Air Force (USAF) operates the most T-38s. In addition to training USAF pilots, the T-38 is used by NASA. The U.S. Naval Test Pilot School is the principal US Navy operator (other T-38s were previously used as USN aggressor aircraft until replaced by the similar Northrop F-5 Tiger II). Pilots of other NATO nations fly the T-38 in joint training programs with USAF pilots.

As of 2018, the T-38 has been in service for over 50 years with its original operator, the United States Air Force.

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