802 Naval Air Squadron

802 Naval Air Squadron (802 NAS) was a Naval Air Squadron of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm.[2]

802 Naval Air Squadron
Active3 April 1933–April 1940
21 November 1940–21 December 1941
1 February–15 November 1942
1 May 1945–30 March 1947
1 May 1947–10 December 1952
2 February 1953–22 November 1955
6 February 1956–10 April 1959
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
RoleNaval Air Defence/Attack
Motto(s)Prima Ferire
(Latin: "First to Strike")
Aircraft flown
FighterHawker Nimrod
Hawker Osprey
Gloster Sea Gladiator
Grumman Martlet
Hawker Sea Hurricane
Supermarine Seafire
Hawker Sea Fury
Hawker Sea Hawk

Early history

802 Squadron was formed on 3 April 1933 aboard HMS Glorious by the merger of two independent Royal Air Force naval units, 408 (Fleet Fighter) Flight and 409 (Fleet Fighter) Flight. By 1939, 802 Squadron was operating from HMS Grebe (Dekhelia) in Egypt [3] where, like all Fleet Air Arm units, it was taken over by the Admiralty on 24 May 1939.


Second World War

In April 1940 802 Squadron was serving aboard Glorious with twelve Gloster Sea Gladiators when the ship was recalled to participate in the defence of Norway. The squadron ceased to exist after Glorious was sunk by the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau on 8 June 1940 during the defence of Norway.[1]

Reformed from part of 804 Squadron on 21 November 1940 with Martlet Is, the squadron sub-flights embarked on HMS Audacity in July 1941, with B flight serving on HMS Argus in August. In the following month the whole squadron was involved in Gibraltar escort convoys from Audacity from which it shot down four Focke-Wulf Fw 200's. The squadron was lost on 21 December 1941 when Audacity was sunk by German submarine U-751.[1]

The squadron was re-formed at Yeovilton in February 1942 with Hawker Sea Hurricane Ibs, before embarking on HMS Avenger for escorting Arctic Convoy PQ 18 in September during which time five enemy aircraft were shot down and 17 damaged, in conjunction with 883 Squadron. In September, the squadron embarked on Avenger and provided fighter cover on the Algerian invasion beaches. While returning to the UK Avenger was torpedoed and sunk by U-155 on 15 November 1942.[1]

The squadron lay dormant till May 1945 when reformed at Arbroath with 24 Supermarine Seafire L.IIIs. By VJ day, the squadron had spent a short period in HMS Queen, and had been anticipated to leave for the British Pacific Fleet with 9th Carrier Air Group.[2][5]

Post-war service

By the summer of 1947, 802 Squadron had switched to Seafire XVs operating from HMS Vengeance.[5] During the Korean War 802 Squadron was assigned to HMS Ocean, and equipped with Hawker Sea Fury's. Squadron pilot Lieutenant "Hoagy" Carmichael shot down a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 on 9 August 1952. Carmichael achieved this feat during a dogfight which started when a formation of four Sea Furys under his command were attacked by eight MiGs during a fighter bomber mission over Chinnampo.[6]

By the time of the Suez Crisis, 802 Squadron had transferred to HMS Ark Royal, and was equipped with Sea Hawk FB3s – one of these aircraft lost the front of a drop tank to ground fire[7] while the squadron was embarked aboard HMS Albion in September 1956. 802 Squadron re-equipped with Sea Hawk FB5s before transferring to the Ark Royal in May 1957. Following a trip to the United States, which included cross-operations with USS Saratoga, 802 Squadron completed two tours in the Mediterranean, the second of these starting in September 1958 aboard HMS Eagle, and ending with the disbandment of 802 Squadron at RNAS Lossiemouth on 10 April 1959. Plans to reform 802 Squadron at Yeovilton in 1979 with five British Aerospace Sea Harriers failed to materialise.[8]



  1. ^ a b c d Sturtivant, Ray (1984). Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. p. 167. ISBN 0-85130-120-7.
  2. ^ a b "802 Squadron". Fleet Air Arm Archive. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  3. ^ Sturtivant, p. 451
  4. ^ Lake, Alan (1999). Flying Units of the RAF. Airlife Publishing Ltd. p. 276. ISBN 978-1-84037-086-7.
  5. ^ a b Morgan, Eric B.; Shacklady, Edward (2000). Spitfire: The History. Stamford: Key Books Ltd. ISBN 0-946219-48-6.
  6. ^ File 145, Sheet 2, World Aircraft Information Files
  7. ^ File 146, Sheet 1, World Aircraft Information Files
  8. ^ Sturtivant p. 169
Air Battle of South Korea

The Air Battle of South Korea was an air campaign early in the Korean War occurring roughly from June 25 to July 20, 1950, over South Korea between the air forces of North Korea and the United Nations, including the countries of South Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom. The month-long fight for air supremacy over the country saw several small engagements over airfields in Seoul and Taejon and ultimately ended in victory for the UN air force, which was able to destroy the small North Korean People's Air Force.

HMS Avenger (D14)

HMS Avenger was a Royal Navy escort aircraft carrier during the Second World War. In 1939 she was laid down as the merchant ship Rio-Hudson at the Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company yard in Chester, Pennsylvania. Launched on 27 November 1940, she was converted to an escort carrier and transferred under the lend lease agreement to the Royal Navy. She was commissioned on 2 March 1942.

Avenger's capacity allowed for a maximum of 15 aircraft. In September 1942, she took part in what was the largest and most successful Russian convoy to date. Upon her return home, after observing a number of design faults, Avenger's captain drew up recommendations for future escort carrier design. In November 1942 she took part in Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa, where she suffered engine problems. While leaving North Africa to start the journey home Avenger was sunk by the German submarine U-155 on 15 November 1942 at 3:20am GMT, 9 hours after leaving Gibraltar for Britain, with a heavy loss of life among her crew.

HMS Sultan (establishment)

HMS Sultan is a shore base of the Royal Navy in Gosport, Hampshire, England. It is the primary engineering training establishment for the Royal Navy. It is also home to the Network Rail Advanced Apprenticeship Scheme and the EDF Energy engineering maintenance apprenticeship.

It is expected that HMS Sultan will close by 2026.

Hawker Nimrod

The Hawker Nimrod was a British carrier-based single-engine, single-seat biplane fighter aircraft built in the early 1930s by Hawker Aircraft.

List of Fleet Air Arm aircraft squadrons

This is a list of Fleet Air Arm squadrons.

MV Dumana

The MV Dumana was a British passenger and cargo ship that was sunk during the Second World War.

No. 408 (Fleet Fighter) Flight RAF

408 (Fleet Fighter) Flight was a naval aviation unit of the Royal Air Force operating during the early 1930s.

No. 409 (Fleet Fighter) Flight RAF

No. 409 (Fleet Fighter) Flight was a naval aviation unit of the Royal Air Force operating during the early 1930s.

The unit was formed on 7 October 1932 at Gosport. The Flight was disbanded and merged with 408 (Fleet Fighter) Flight aboard HMS Glorious on 3 April 1933, to form 802 Naval Air Squadron.

RAF Brawdy

RAF Brawdy is a former Royal Air Force satellite station located 6.3 miles (10.1 km) east of St Davids, Pembrokeshire and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) south west of Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, Wales. It was operational between 1944 and 1992 being used by both the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy before the site was turned over to the British Army and renamed Cawdor Barracks.

RAF Heathfield

RAF Heathfield, sometimes known as RAF Ayr/Heathfield due to its proximity to Glasgow Prestwick Airport, which was also used by military flights, is a former Royal Air Force station.

Like many other wartime airfields, its runways were of the triangular layout.

RM Condor

RM Condor is a large Royal Marines base located near Arbroath in East Angus, Scotland. The base also houses 7 (Sphinx) Battery Royal Artillery, part of 29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery.

RNAS Donibristle

RNAS Donibristle is a former Fleet Air Arm base located 2.7 miles (4.3 km) east of Rosyth, Fife, Scotland and 8.7 miles (14.0 km) northwest of Edinburgh, Lothian.

From 1918 to 1939 the station was called RAF Donibristle.

RNAS Eglinton (HMS Gannet)

Royal Naval Air Station Eglinton or RNAS Eglinton was a Royal Naval Air Station located 1.3 miles (2.1 km) north east of Eglinton, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It opened as a Royal Air Force Station (RAF Eglinton) in 1941, before being transferred to the Fleet Air Arm in 1943.

The airfield was operational between 1943 and 1959.

RNAS Machrihanish (HMS Landrail)

Royal Naval Air Station Machrihanish (HMS Landrail), is a former Royal Navy air station, close to Campbeltown in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.

RNAS Merryfield

Royal Naval Air Station Merryfield is an air station of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm located 2.7 miles (4.3 km) northwest of Ilminster, Somerset and 8.1 miles (13.0 km) southeast of Taunton, Somerset, England.

RNAS St Merryn (HMS Vulture)

RNAS St Merryn (HMS Vulture) is a former Royal Naval Air Station of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm. The site is located 7.35 miles (11.83 km) northeast of Newquay, Cornwall and 11.8 miles (19.0 km) northwest of Bodmin, Cornwall, England.

Sembawang Air Base

Sembawang Air Base (ICAO: WSAG) is a military airbase of the Republic of Singapore Air Force located at Sembawang, in the northern part of Singapore. The base motto is "Dare and Will".

Currently active squadrons
Inactive squadrons
Display teams
Other units

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.