7th Bomb Wing

The 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Global Strike Command Eighth Air Force. It is stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, where it is also the host unit.

The 7 BW is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bombardment wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.

Its origins date to the 1918 establishment of the 1st Army Observation Group (later 7th Bombardment Group), one of the 15 original combat air groups formed by the United States Army before World War II.

The 7th Operations Group carries the lineage and history of its highly decorated World War II predecessor unit. It operated initially in the Philippines as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force but after the fall of the Philippines in early 1942, operated primarily with the Tenth Air Force in India as a B-24 Liberator unit. Active for over 60 years, the 7 BW was a component wing of Strategic Air Command's heavy bomber deterrent force throughout the Cold War.

The 7th Bomb Wing is commanded by Colonel Brandon Parker. Its Vice Commander is Colonel David Doss. Its Command Chief is Chief Master Sergeant Raymond "Kenny" Mott.[5]

7th Bomb Wing
7th Bomb Wing
Shield of the 7th Bomb Wing
Active3 November 1947 - present
(71 years, 4 months)
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Part ofEighth Air Force - Emblem.png Eighth Air Force
Garrison/HQDyess Air Force Base
Motto(s)"MORS AB ALTO"
Latin: Death From Above
Tailcode"DY"
Engagements
Streamer AFE

Operation Urgent Fury[2]
Decorations
US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer

Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
VGCP Streamer

Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross[3]
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Brandon Parker
Current vice-commanderColonel David Doss
Current command chiefChief Master Sgt. Raymond "Kenny" Mott
Notable
commanders
George J. Eade
Wendell L. Griffin
Jonathan D. George
Garrett Harencak
Insignia
7th Bombardment Wing shield (former) (approved 12 September 1952)[4]
7 Bombardment Wg emblem
Aircraft flown
BomberB-1B

Units

7th Operations Support Squadron
9th Bomb Squadron
28th Bomb Squadron
436th Training Squadron
  • 7th Mission Support Group
7th Civil Engineer Squadron
7th Contracting Squadron
7th Communications Squadron
7th Logistics Readiness Squadron
7th Force Support Squadron (formerly 7th Mission Support and 7th Services Squadrons)
7th Security Forces Squadron
  • 7th Maintenance Group
7th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
7th Component Maintenance Squadron
7th Equipment Maintenance Squadron
7th Munitions Squadron
  • 7th Medical Group
7th Medical Support Squadron
7th Aerospace Medicine Squadron
7th Medical Operations Squadron

History

For additional history and lineage information, see 7th Operations Group

Cold War

B-36 era

B-36aarrivalcarswell1948
Arrival of the first B-36A at Carswell AFB[note 1] in June 1948 along with a 7th Bomb Wing B-29.
7th Bombardment Wing Consolidated B-36D-1-CF Peacemaker 44-92097
7th Bombardment Wing Consolidated B-36D-1-CF Peacemaker, AF Ser. No. 44-92097, showing Triangle-J tail code, September 1950
7th Bombardment Wing - B-36 Peacemaker
Consolidated B-36B-1-CF Peacemaker, AF Ser. No. 44-92033, in flight
Yb-52-b-36-carswell
YB-52 prototype bomber at Carswell AFB, 1955 shown with a 7th Bomb Wing B-36

On 17 November 1947, the 7th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy was organized at Fort Worth Army Air Field, Texas [4] as part of the United States Air Force's wing base reorganization, in which combat groups and all supporting units on a base were assigned to a single wing. The wing mission was to organize and train a force capable of immediate and sustained long range offensive warfare and operations in any part of the world. The 7th Bombardment Group, flying Boeing B-29 Superfortresses became its operational component. The wing's mission was to prepare for global strategic bombardment in the event of hostilities. Under various designations, the 7th Bomb Wing flew a wide variety of aircraft at the base until it moved in 1993.

Starting in June 1948 the wing received the first five Convair B-36A Peacemakers. The B-36As were delivered unarmed and were used for training and crew conversion.[6][note 2] The first B-36 was designated the "City of Fort Worth" (AF Serial No. 44-92015), and was assigned to the 492d Bombardment Squadron. When the wing base organization was made permanent in 1948, the wing was redesignated as the 7th Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 1 August.[4] In November 1948, B-36B aircraft began to join the B-36As. On 7 December one of the new B-36Bs flew a nonstop simulated bombing mission to Hawaii, dropping a 10,000 lb simulated bombload in the ocean. The flight took over 35 and a half hours and covered more than 8,000 miles.[7] The wing's last B-29 was transferred on 6 December to the 97th Bombardment Group at Biggs Air Force Base. For 10 years, the "Peacemaker" served as our nation's major deterrent weapons system.

The 11th Bombardment Group was activated on 1 December 1948 with the 26th,[8] 42d,[9] and 98th Bombardment Squadrons, Heavy assigned.[10][11] The 11th Bomb Group was assigned to Eighth Air Force, but attached to the 7th wing and was also equipped with B-36As for training.[12] A five ship B-36 formation was flown on 15 January 1949, in an air review over Washington, D.C., commemorating the inauguration of the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman.

By December 1950 the wing and its attached groups had 38 B-36s on hand, including several B-36Ds with four General Electric J47 jet engines augmenting its six reciprocating engines and its B-36Bs began to be upgraded to B-36D standard. In January 1951, the 7th took part in a special training mission to the United Kingdom. This was the first flight of B-36s outside the continental United States since the simulated mission to Hawaii.[13] The purpose of the mission was to evaluate the B-36D under simulated war plan conditions. Also, further evaluate the equivalent airspeed and compression tactics for heavy bombardment aircraft. The aircraft, staging through Limestone AFB, Maine, would land at RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom, following a night radar bombing attack on Helgoland, West Germany. From there the bombers would conduct a simulated bomb run on the Heston Bomb Plot, London, finally landing at[RAF Lakenheath. This was the first deployment of wing and SAC B-36 aircraft to England and Europe. For the next four days the flight flew sorties out of England. The aircraft redeployed to the states on 20 January arriving at Carswell on 21 January.

By September 1952, the B-36s assigned to the 7th Wing and its companion 11th Wing comprised two thirds of SAC's intercontinental bomber force.[14]

On 1 September 1952, what was then thought to be a tornado rolled across the Carswell flight line, with winds over 90 miles per hour recorded at the control tower. By the time it had passed "the flight line was a tangle of airplanes, equipment and pieces of buildings."[14] None of the 82 bombers on the base escaped damage, and SAC declared the entire 19th Air Division at Carswell non-operational. Maintenance personnel of the 7th Wing went on an 84-hour weekly work schedule and began work to restore the least damaged aircraft to operational status. More heavily damaged aircraft were worked on by personnel from the San Antonio Air Materiel Area, where the depot for the B-36 was located. The planes that had been most heavily damaged were towed across the field to the Convair plant where they had been manufactured. Within a month, 51 of the base's Peacemakers had been returned to service and the wing was again declared operational. By May 1953, all but two of the planes had been returned to service.[note 3]

B-52 era

On 10 December 1957, the 98th Bomb Squadron was detached from the wing and assigned to the newly activated 4123d Strategic Wing at Carswell. This would become the first Boeing B-52 Stratofortress unit at Carswell. During January 1958, the wing began transferring its B-36 bombers to various SAC wings. On 20 January, the wing transferred all B-52 equipment and property on hand to the 4123d Strategic Wing in order to facilitate that organization's conversion, which was scheduled several months ahead of the 7th Bomb Wing at Carswell. The 7th Bomb Wing officially became a B-52 organization with the adoption of manning documents and equipping authorizations on 1 February 1958.

On 30 May, Memorial Day, the last of the B-36s in the wing were retired with appropriate ceremonies and an "Open House" event on the base. Air Force and civilian personnel of the base, their families, and civilians from surrounding communities were on hand to bid the "Peacemaker" a fond farewell. This last flight of a B-36 completely phased out B-36 operations in the wing.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the primary mission of the wing was training in global strategic bombardment and air refueling operations. On 13 April 1965, the 7 BW deployed its forces to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam to support SAC combat operations in Southeast Asia. Most of the wing's bombers and tankers, along with aircrews and some support personnel, were deployed. At Andersen AFB, the wing flew more than 1,300 missions over Vietnam, and returned to Carswell in December 1965.

In 1964 and 1965, the wing's B-52Fs were selected for modification under programs South Bay and Sun Bath. These modifications enabled the wing's bombers to double their bomb load from 24 to 48 750 lb bombs by the installation of external bomb racks. With these modifications, the wing's planes, along with those of the 320th Bombardment Wing at Mather AFB, were the first to deploy to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam and the first to fly Arc Light bombing missions. The modified B-52Fs were the only SAC bombers to deploy for Arc Light missions until 1966, when the B-52Fs were replaced by B-52Ds with the Big Belly modification than enabled them to carry a larger and more varied bomb load.[15]

Later B-52 crews were sent through an intensive two-week course on the B-52D, making them eligible for duty in Southeast Asia. B-52Ds assigned to combat duty in Vietnam were painted in a modified camouflage scheme on the upper surfaces with the undersides, lower fuselage, and both sides of the vertical fin being painted in a glossy black. The USAF serial number was painted in red on the fin over a horizontal red stripe across the length of the fin.

The B-52 effort was concentrated primarily against suspected Viet Cong targets in South Vietnam, but the Ho Chi Minh Trail and targets in Laos were also hit. During the relief of Khe Sanh, unbroken waves of six aircraft, attacking every three hours, dropped bombs as close as 900 feet from friendly lines. Cambodia was increasingly bombed by B-52s from March 1969 onward.

By mid-1973 most wing KC-135 resources had redeployed, and most B-52 resources returned by January 1974. The wing resumed nuclear alert status on 3 January 1974. From 4 December 1973 to May 1975, the wing conducted B-52D replacement training, and from January 1974 also conducted B-52D combat crew training, i.e., providing B-52 flight training to novice crews. Beginning in June 1974 the wing also conducted B-52 and KC-135 Central Flight Instructors' courses. Participated in numerous USAF and NATO exercises worldwide. Used B-52s for ocean surveillance and ship identification in joint naval operations.

Wing KC-135 aerial refuelers supported tanker task forces worldwide. In October – November 1983, the wing supported the invasion of Grenada with aerial refueling. In the 1980s the base received several new weapons systems, including modified B-52H aircraft as the B-52D aircraft were retired. In 1983, B-52 crews began training with a new weapon system, the SRAM (Short Range Attack Missile) and later, in 1985, the ALCM (Air Launched Cruise Missile). Also, the wing flew numerous atmospheric sampling missions during 1986 and 1987 in response to the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident.

Deployed air refueling personnel and equipment to provisional wings in Southwest Asia, August 1990 – February 1992. The wing hosted the first Soviet START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) exhibition inspection team in September 1991.

Modern era

As "host unit" for Carswell AFB, the 7th Bomb Wing began preparations for BRAC-directed base realignment of Carswell AFB in January 1992 and transfer of most of the installation to the U.S. Navy as Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth / Carswell Field to replace nearby Naval Air Station Dallas, which was also being closed due to BRAC. Concurrent transfer of Carswell's remaining USAF-specific aspects to the Air Force Reserve Command's tenant activities at Carswell, Headquarters, 10th Air Force (10AF) and the 301st Fighter Wing (301 FW), was also accomplished. 7th Bomb Wing was released of all operational capabilities at Carswell AFB on 1 January 1993.

The 7th Bomb Wing closed Carswell AFB on 30 September 1993, transferring the installation to the U.S. Navy as NAS JRB Fort Worth and to AFRC as Carswell Air Reserve Station and moved to Dyess AFB, Texas without personnel or equipment on 1 October 1993.

At Dyess, the became the 7th Wing (7 WG), a composite wing equipped with B-1B and C-130 aircraft. In 1997, the wing assumed responsibility for all B-1B initial qualification and instructor upgrade training for Air Combat Command. On 1 April 1997, the wing again became the 7th Bomb Wing when the C-130 airlift mission transferred to Air Mobility Command (AMC). Since 2000, the 7th Bomb Wing has provided bombing, training and combat support to combatant commanders.

In the spring of 2015, the Department of the Air Force announced effective 1 October 2015, the 7th Bomb Wing, along with the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, would be realigned under Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC), reuniting all the Air Force's bomber and strategic missiles under a single command for the first time since Strategic Air Command (SAC) was disestablished 23 years earlier.[16]

Lineage

  • Designated as the 7th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on 3 November 1947
Organized on 17 November 1947
Discontinued on 1 August 1948
Redesignated 7th Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 1 August 1948 and activated[4]
Redesignated 7th Wing on 1 September 1991
Redesignated 7th Bomb Wing on 1 June 1992
Redesignated 7th Wing on 1 October 1993
Redesignated 7th Bomb Wing on 1 April 1997[17]

Assignments

Components

Groups

  • 7th Bombardment Group (later 7th Operations Group): 17 November 1947 – 16 June 1952; 1 September 1991 – 1 January 1993; 1 October 1993 – present[17]
  • 11th Bombardment Group: attached 1 December 1948 – 16 February 1951[4]

Squadrons

Stations

  • Fort Worth Army Air Field (later Carswell Air Force Base, Texas; 17 November 1947 - 30 September 1993
  • Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, 1 October 1993 – present

Major Aircraft Assigned

B-52F (1957–1969); B-52D (1969–1983); B-52H (1982–1992)

Commanders

Dyess Air Force Base:

  • Brig Gen Jerrold P. Allen, 1 Oct 1993 - 4 Aug 1994 (Previously served as the 96th Bombardment Wing Commander at Dyess)
  • Brig Gen Charles R. Henderson, 4 Aug 1994 - 4 Aug 1995
  • Brig Gen Larry W. Northington, 4 Aug 1995 - 26 Mar 1997
  • Brig Gen Michael C. McMahan, 26 Mar 1997 - 18 Jun 1999
  • Brig Gen Joseph P. Stein, 18 Jun 1999 - 28 Nov 2000
  • Brig Gen Wendell L. Griffin, 28 Nov 2000 - 10 Jan 2003
  • Col Jonathan D. George, 10 Jan 2003 - 30 Aug 2004
  • Col Garrett Harencak, 30 Aug 2004 - 28 Jul 2006[17]
  • Col Timothy M. Ray, 28 Jul 2006 - 11 Jul 2008
  • Col Robert F. Gass, 11 Jul 2008 - 22 Jul 2010
  • Col David B. Been, 22 Jul 2010 - 3 Jul 2012
  • Brig Gen Glen D. VanHerck, 3 Jul 2012 - 14 Feb 2014
  • Col Michael Bob Starr, 14 Feb 2014 - Nov 2015
  • Col David M. Benson, Nov 2015 – August 2017
  • Col Brandon D. Parker, August 2017 – Present

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "City of Fort Worth" (AF Serial No. 44-92015)
  2. ^ These planes were never operational as bombers. They were converted to RB-36 reconnaissance aircraft. Knaack, p. 21
  3. ^ One plane was written off, another was bailed to Convair to be used for experiments with nuclear power. McGowan, p. 65.

Citations

  1. ^ http://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/1053780/7-bomb-wing-afgsc/
  2. ^ http://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/1053780/7-bomb-wing-afgsc/
  3. ^ http://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/1053780/7-bomb-wing-afgsc/
  4. ^ a b c d e f Ravenstein, pp. 18–19
  5. ^ http://www.dyess.af.mil/library/biographies/index.asp
  6. ^ Knaack, p. 21
  7. ^ Knaack, p. 25
  8. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 133–134
  9. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 193-194
  10. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 53–54
  11. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 326
  12. ^ Robertson, Patsy (2011-04-25). "Factsheet 11 Wing (USAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  13. ^ Knaack, p. 32
  14. ^ a b McGowan, Sam (October 2016). "The Carswell B-36 Disaster" (PDF). Air Force Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  15. ^ Knaack, pp. 256, 268
  16. ^ "AF realigns B-1, LRS-B under Air Force Global Strike Command". Secretary of the Air Force Public Affairs. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Robertson, Patsy (November 5, 2007). "Factsheet 7 Bomb Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  18. ^ Baugher, Joe. "USAAC/USAAF/USAF Bomber Aircraft". Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved May 24, 2014.

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

1950 British Columbia B-36 crash

On 14 February 1950, a Convair B-36, Air Force Serial Number 44-92075 assigned to the 7th Bomb Wing at Carswell Air Force Base, crashed in northern British Columbia after jettisoning a Mark 4 nuclear bomb. This was the first such nuclear weapon loss in history. The B-36 had been en route from Eielson Air Force Base near Fairbanks, Alaska to Carswell AFB in Fort Worth, Texas, more than 3000 miles south-east, on a mission that included a simulated nuclear attack on San Francisco.

28th Bomb Wing

The 28th Bomb Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Eighth Air Force (8 AF) of the Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) and is stationed at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota. The wing is also the "host unit" at Ellsworth AFB.

The wing is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bomber wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 7th Bomb Wing at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas.

Active for over 60 years, the 28th was a component wing of Strategic Air Command's deterrent force throughout the Cold War.

The 28th Bomb Wing has been commanded by Colonel John R. Edwards since September 2017. The previous commander was Colonel Gentry Boswell from 2015-2017; its Command Chief Master Sergeant is CMSgt Adam Vizi.

317th Airlift Group

The 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW) is a United States Air Force unit, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. Assigned to Air Mobility Command (AMC) Eighteenth Air Force, the 317 AW operates as a tenant unit at Dyess AFB, an installation under the control of the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) of the Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).

Previously designated as the 317th Airlift Group (317 AG), the unit was redesignated as the 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW) on 6 July 2017.The 317 AW is a tactical airlift organization, flying the Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules. Since December 2003, the 317th has been in a continuously deployed status in support of the Global War on Terrorism, with elements being deployed into combat areas. It has been engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF); Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), as well as supporting other Air Expeditionary units around the world.

During World War II, the unit's predecessor, the 317th Troop Carrier Group was one of the most highly decorated troop carrier units of the United States Army Air Forces.

345th Bomb Squadron

The 345th Bomb Squadron is a United States Air Force Reserve squadron, assigned to the 489th Bomb Group. It is stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, where it is an associate unit of the 7th Bomb Wing.

The squadron was first activated during World War II as the 345th Bombardment Squadron. It saw combat in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, participating in the low level attack on oil refineries near Ploiești, Romania. It earned two Distinguished Unit Citations for its combat operations. After VE Day the squadron returned to the United States and trained with Boeing B-29 Superfortresses until inactivating in Spring 1946.

The squadron was reactivated in 1947 with Superfortresses. During the Korean War, it deployed to Japan and earned another Distinguished Unit Citation for its combat operations. The squadron returned to the United States and converted to the Boeing B-47 Stratojet, which if flew until inactivating in 1966 when the B-47 was withdrawn from service and Lincoln Air Force Base closed.

436th

436th may refer to:

436th Airlift Wing, an active United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Mobility Command Eighteenth Air Force based at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware

436th Operations Group, an active United States Air Force unit, the flying component of the Eighteenth Air Force 436th Airlift Wing

436th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron, an inactive United States Air Force unit

436th Training Squadron, an active United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command 7th Bomb Wing, based at Dyess AFB, Texas

436th Training Squadron

The 436th Training Squadron (436 TS) is a non-flying training squadron of the United States Air Force. It is a tenant unit assigned to the 7th Operations Group, 7th Bomb Wing, Dyess Air Force Base, TexasThe 436 TS is one of the oldest units in the United States Air Force, first being organized as the 88th Aero Squadron on 18 August 1917 at Kelly Field, Texas. The squadron deployed to France and fought on the Western Front during World War I as a Corps observation squadron.On 7 December 1941, elements of the 88th Reconnaissance Squadron were one of the B-17 Flying Fortress units that landed at Hickam Field, Hawaii during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Later in World War II as the 436th Bombardment Squadron , the unit earned the Distinguished Unit Citation and the Presidential Unit Citation for its services in the China Burma India Theater (CBI). During the Cold War, it was part of Strategic Air Command equipped with B-52 Stratofortress bombers until its inactivation in 1963.

489th Bomb Group

The 489th Bomb Group is a unit of the United States Air Force. Its is assigned to the 307th Bomb Wing, and is stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The group is a reserve associate unit of the 7th Bomb Wing at Dyess.

During World War II, the 489th Bombardment Group was a Consolidated B-24 Liberator unit. After training in the United States, it moved to England as an element of Eighth Air Force, stationed at RAF Halesworth, England. Lieutenant Colonel Leon Vance of the group was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery and actions on the day before D-Day over Wimereux, France. It was the only Medal of Honor awarded to a B-24 crewman for a mission flown from England. The group returned to the United States in November 1944 and converted to a Boeing B-29 Superfortress group, but the war ended before the group could deploy to the Pacific.

In October 2015, the group was reactivated in the Air Force Reserve.

7th Operations Group

The 7th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 7th Bomb Wing, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The 7th Operations Group currently flies the B-1 Lancer.

The 7th Operations Group is a direct successor organization of the 7th Bombardment Group, one of the 15 original combat air groups formed by the United States Army before World War II.

Activated in 1921, it inherited the lineage of the 1st Army Observation Group, which was established and organized, on 6 September 1918. The 7th Bombardment Group was deploying to the Philippines when the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service attacked Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Six of the group's B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft which had left Hamilton Field, California on 6 December 1941 reached Hawaii during the enemy attack, but were able to land safely. The unit later served in India during World War II.

In the postwar era, the 7d Bombardment Group was one of the first USAAF units assigned to the Strategic Air Command on 1 October 1946, prior to the establishment of the United States Air Force. Equipped with low-hour B-29 Superfortress surplus World War II aircraft, the group was inactivated in 1952 when the parent wing adopted the Tri-Deputate organization and assigned all of the groups squadrons directly to the wing.

Reactivated as the 7th Operations Group in 1991 when the 7th Bomb Wing adopted the USAF Objective organization plan.

96th Test Wing

The 96th Test Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Force Test Center of Air Force Materiel Command at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. The wing was activated at Eglin in 1994 as the 96th Air Base Wing, the headquarters for all support units on Eglin, the largest installation in the Air Force. In 2012, it absorbed the mission and resources of the 46th Test Wing and added the mission of testing and evaluating weapons, navigation and guidance systems and command and control systems.

The wing's first predecessor was organized during World War II as the 96th Bombardment Group. After training in the United States, the group flew Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses from England. The group led the first shuttle mission to Regensburg on 17 August 1943. The group earned two Distinguished Unit Citations for its combat performance. After VE Day, the group returned to the United States and was inactivated. The group was briefly active in the Air Force Reserve from 1947 until 1949.

The 96th Bombardment Wing was activated in 1953 at Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma and received Boeing B-47 Stratojet bombers the following year as a component of Strategic Air Command's deterrent force. In 1957 the wing moved to Dyess Air Force Base, Texas where it converted to the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress in 1963 and the Rockwell B-1 Lancer in 1985. The wing also operated air refueling aircraft, and during the early 1960s was assigned a squadron of intercontinental ballistic missiles. In 1984, the World War II group was consolidated with the wing. The wing was inactivated in 1993 and its mission, personnel and equipment were transferred to the 7th Bomb Wing, which moved on paper to Dyess when Carswell Air Force Base became a reserve installation.

Abilene Trophy

The Abilene Trophy is awarded annually to the community in Air Mobility Command that is most supportive of its local Air Force Base.

Formally known as the Air Mobility Command Community Support Award, it has been awarded since its establishment in 1998. The award's sponsor is the Abilene, Texas Chamber of Commerce. (Abilene is home to Dyess Air Force Base, which has an AMC contingent, the 317th Airlift Group; however, the host unit for Dyess AFB, the 7th Bomb Wing, is under the Air Force Global Strike Command, and thus Dyess AFB and its host community of Abilene would not be eligible for an award sponsored by its host city.)

Air Force Global Strike Command

Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. AFGSC provides combat-ready forces to conduct strategic nuclear deterrence and global strike operations in support of combatant commanders. It is subordinated to the USSTRATCOM.

Air Force Global Strike Command is the direct descendant unit of the Cold War-era Strategic Air Command (SAC). It holds the lineage, history and honors of SAC.

B-52 Memorial Park

B-52 Memorial Park is located within the Orlando International Airport just off the Beachline Expressway formerly the Bee Line near runway 18L. It is a small, relatively hidden park under the control of the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA) and features a retired B-52D Stratofortress, Air Force Serial Number 56-0687, from the Strategic Air Command. The aircraft was at one time assigned to the 306th Bomb Wing of the now defunct McCoy Air Force Base. The bomber was built in 1956 and retired 28 years later in 1984. Final flight was from its last unit of assignment, the 7th Bomb Wing at Carswell AFB in Ft. Worth Texas, to the former McCoy AFB, now Orlando International Airport, on February 20, 1984.

The park is located on Bear Road, accessible from Tradeport Drive just south of Beachline/SR 528 Exit 4, around the corner from where the old Orlando Jetport terminal, the predecessor to the current Orlando International Airport terminal, used to stand. The park is open from 7:00am to sunset, and is free of charge to visit.

Carswell Air Force Base

See: Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base for the current use of the facility.

see also: Air Force Plant 4 for the government-owned aircraft manufacturing plant adjacent to the facility.Carswell Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force (USAF) base, located northwest of Fort Worth, Texas. For most of its operational lifetime, the base's mission was to train and support heavy strategic bombing groups and wings.

Carswell was a major Strategic Air Command (SAC) base during the Cold War. It was the headquarters of several SAC intercontinental bombardment wings, equipped with the latest heavy bombers from B-29 Superfortresses; B-36 Peacemakers and B-52 Stratofortresses. The west side of the airfield was home to Air Force Plant 4, a 602-acre (2.44 km2) industrial complex occupied over the decades by Convair, General Dynamics, and now by Lockheed Martin. The bulk of the Air Force Convair B-36, B-58 Hustler, F-111 Aardvark, EF-111 Raven and F-16 Fighting Falcon fleets were built there.

With the end of the Cold War, and the subsequent downsizing of the American military, the 1991 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission recommended that Carswell AFB be closed by 1994. Today, the facility is known as Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base. It retains an Air Force Reserve presence as well as a Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve and Air National Guard flying units where were formerly located at Naval Air Station Dallas.

Death from Above

Death From Above may refer to:

In music:

The DJ nickname of musician James Murphy

The original name of the New York-based recording label co-founded by Murphy, DFA Records

Death from Above (band), a Canadian music duo

"Let's Make Love and Listen to Death from Above", a song by Brazilian band Cansei de Ser Sexy

A Smashing Pumpkins b-side to "Tarantula (The Smashing Pumpkins song)"

"Death from Above", a song from Thrice's 2016 album To Be Everywhere Is to Be NowhereOther:

Death from Above (film), a 2011 horror movie by director Bruce Koehler

Death From Above (MechQuest), an animated short film featured in the web based game MechQuestAs mottoes or slogans:

The motto ("Mors Ab Alto" in Latin) of the USAF 7th Bomb Wing

The motto painted on the front of Lieutenant Colonel Bill Kilgore's helicopter in the 1979 film Apocalypse Now

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) (IATA: DYS, ICAO: KDYS, FAA LID: DYS) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Abilene, Texas.

The host unit at Dyess is the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) assigned to the Global Strike Command Eighth Air Force. The 7 BW is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bomber wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.

Dyess AFB was established in 1942 as Abilene Army Air Base (AAB). It is named in honor of Texas native and Bataan Death March survivor Lieutenant Colonel William Dyess. The 7th Bomb Wing is commanded by Colonel Brandon Parker. The Vice Commander is Colonel David Doss and the Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Raymond K. Mott.Dyess AFB is a 6,409-acre (25.94 km2) base with over 13,000 military and civilian people. It is home to the 7th Bomb Wing, which consists of four groups. Two squadrons, the 9th and 28th Bomb Squadrons, fly the B-1B. In addition, the 28th Bomb Squadron is the Air Force schoolhouse for all B-1B aircrew members.

The base is located in the southwest corner of Abilene, TX and is about 200 miles (320 km) west of Dallas. The base employs more than 5,000 people, making it the single largest employer in the area. Dyess AFB has nearly 200 facilities on base, plus 988 units of family housing, and encompasses 6,117 acres (24.75 km2) of land. The base has a total economic impact of nearly $310 million yearly on the local community.

Garrett Harencak

Major General Garrett Harencak is the Commander, Air Force Recruiting Service. Previously, he served as the Assistant Chief of Staff for Strategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration, Headquarters U. S. Air Force. Prior this position, Harencak served as commander of the Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center (AFNWC), Air Force Material Command at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. The AFNWC is responsible for the entire scope of U.S. Air Force nuclear weapons support functions and in addition to its headquarters at Kirtland, comprises several other units in the U.S and abroad.

List of Strategic Air Command bases

The Strategic Air Command of the United States Air Force, and its successor body the Air Force Global Strike Command, operate or formerly operated many air bases both in the United States and in other countries.

Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base

Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth or NAS JRB Fort Worth (IATA: NFW, ICAO: KNFW, FAA LID: NFW), also known as Carswell Field, is a military airport located five miles (8 km) west of the central business district of Fort Worth, in Tarrant County, Texas, United States. This military airport is owned by United States Navy.Formerly known as Carswell Air Force Base, the installation was a Strategic Air Command (SAC) facility and home to SAC's 7th Bombardment Wing. During the Cold War, the 7th Bomb Wing initially operated the B-36 and KC-97, followed by the B-52D Straofortress and KC-135A Stratotanker and then the B-52H and KC-135E. The 7th Bomb Wing transitioned to the B-1B Lancer in 1993 and relocated to Dyess AFB, Texas concurrent with Carswell's transition to a Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base.

The Air Force Reserve Command's Tenth Air Force headquarters and 301st Fighter Wing continue to be based at the installation, as well as the 136th Airlift Wing of the Texas Air National Guard. A number of Marine Corps aviation and ground units are also co-located at NAS JRB Fort Worth.

Aircraft types initially based at NAS JRB Fort Worth were the F-14 Tomcat and McDonnell Douglas C-9B Skytrain II. Current aircraft include the F/A-18 Hornet and C-40 Clipper Clipper. Currently based Air Force aircraft are the F-16 Fighting Falcon and C-130 Hercules and currently based Marine Corps aircraft are the F/A-18 Hornet Hornet and KC-130 Hercules.

Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth

Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base (or NAS Fort Worth JRB) (IATA: FWH, ICAO: KNFW, FAA LID: NFW) includes Carswell Field, a military airbase located 5 nautical miles (9 km; 6 mi) west of the central business district of Fort Worth, in Tarrant County, Texas, United States. This military airfield is operated by the United States Navy Reserve. It is located in the cities of Fort Worth, Westworth Village, and White Settlement in the western part of the Fort Worth urban area.NAS Fort Worth JRB is the successor to the former Naval Air Station Dallas and incorporates other Reserve commands and activities, primarily those of the Air Force Reserve, that were present on site when the installation was known as Carswell Air Force Base, a former Strategic Air Command (SAC) facility later transferred to the Air Combat Command (ACC).

Several United States Navy headquarters and operational units are based at NAS Fort Worth JRB, including Naval Air Reserve air wings and aviation squadrons, intelligence commands and Seabees.

The Air Force Reserve Command's Tenth Air Force (10 AF) headquarters and its 301st Fighter Wing continue to be based at the installation, as well as the 136th Airlift Wing (136 AW) of the Texas Air National Guard. A Marine Aircraft Group, several aviation squadrons, and various ground units of the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve are also co-located at NAS Fort Worth JRB.

Aircraft types initially based at NAS Fort Worth JRB were the F-14 Tomcat, F/A-18 Hornet, C-9B Skytrain II, C-130 Hercules and KC-130 Hercules that relocated from the former NAS Dallas, joining extant F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft that were previously located at the installation while it was known as Carswell Air Force Base and later as Carswell Air Reserve Station.

Currently based aircraft are Navy C-40 Clipper transports of the Naval Air Reserve, Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters of the Air Force Reserve Command and C-130 Hercules airlift aircraft of the Texas Air National Guard, and Marine Corps F/A-18 Hornet strike fighters and KC-130 Hercules aerial refueling and transport aircraft of the Marine Corps Reserve. Recently, the U.S. Army Reserve also based a battalion of RC-12 Guardrail reconnaissance aircraft at NAS Fort Worth JRB.

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