78th Attack Squadron

The 78th Attack Squadron (78 ATKS) is an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit under the 926th Wing, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada and Tenth Air Force (10AF) at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Texas. The 78 ATKS conducts operations from Creech Air Force Base, Nevada in conjunction with their active-duty associates in the 432d Wing.

78th Attack Squadron
78th Attack Squadron patch
78th Attack Squadron Emblem
Active28 February 1918 – 15 November 1918
1 April 1931 – 1 September 1937
1 February 1940 – 15 October 1946
1 November 1952 – 1 May 1992
1 January 1994 – 30 June 2003
19 May 2006 – present
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Air Force
TypeReconnaissance and Surveillance
Part ofAir Force Reserve Command
10th Air Force
Garrison/HQNellis Air Force Base
Nickname(s)Bushmasters
EngagementsWorld War I
World War II
Decorations
U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon
DUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon
AFOUA
78th Fighter Squadron - General Dynamics - General Dynamics F-16C Block 50D Fighting Falcon 91-0365
78 FS F-16C Block 50D, AF Ser. No. 91-0365, taken in 2002 over Arizona
78th Fighter Squadron - General Dynamics F-16C Block 50D Fighting Falcon - 91-0394
78 FS F-16C Block 50D, AF Ser. No. 91-0394, leaves on a mission in support of Operation Northern Watch from Incirlik AB, Turkey on 20 September 2002
78th Tactical Fighter Squadron - Fairchild Republic A-10A Thunderbolt II - 80-0216
78 TFS A-10As at RAF Woodbridge
F-4d-65-0738-78tfs-sep72
McDonnell F-4D-28-MC Phantom II, AF Ser. No. 65-0738 of the 78th Tactical Fighter Squadron, September 1972. This aircraft was retired to AMARC on 13 June 1990.
78th tfs f101
McDonnell F-101C-50-MC Voodoo, AF Ser. No. 56-0025, of the 78th Tactical Fighter Squadron. After its service in the UK ended in 1965, this aircraft was withdrawn from active USAF service. It was converted to an RF-101H unarmed reconnaissance aircraft and was assigned to the Nevada Air National Guard, then in 1971 to the Kentucky Air National Guard. It was withdrawn from service in 1979 and sent to AMARC for disposal.
78th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Republic F-84F-45-RE Thunderstreak - 52-6718
78th FIS Republic F-84F Thunderstreak - AF Ser. No. 52-6718
78th Fighter-Bomber Squadron - North American F-86F-25-NH Sabre - 51-13234
78th FBS North American F-86F Sabre, AF Ser. No. 51-13234

Mission

The mission of the 78th Attack Squadron is to maintain combat-ready Air Force Reservists to train and equip the Combat Air Forces to conduct Integrated and Expeditionary Combat Operations, as well as training operations, in the MQ-9 Reaper Remotely-Piloted Aircraft.

The squadron consists of RPA pilots, sensor operators and intelligence personnel integrated into Regular Air Force units within the 432d Air Expeditionary Wing at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada.

History

The 78th was organized in 1917 at Rich Field, Waco, Texas as a training unit. In February 1918 moved to Hicks Field, Fort Worth, Texas before being demobilized. In 1931, the 78th Pursuit Squadron was again activated and assigned to the 20th Pursuit Group at Mather Field, California flying single-seat Boeing P-12 biplane fighters.

During World War II the unit was recognized and stationed in the Pacific theater where the unit flew P-39s, P-40s, and P-51s. With a combat record from the war of 200 enemy aircraft destroyed or damaged, versus the loss of only six aircraft assigned to the unit. The 78th received the Distinguished Unit Citation for actions at the Musashino Plant, Tokyo, Japan, on 7 April 1945.

On 1 November 1952 the 78th Fighter Interceptor Squadron was reactivated, flying F-86 Sabre aircraft as part of the 81st Fighter-Interceptor Wing. In 1954 the 81st became a Fighter Bomber Wing and the assigned squadrons began flying the F-84 Thunderjet. Then in 1958, the 78th received its first F-101 Voodoo aircraft.

While flying the A-10 Thunderbolt II at RAF Woodbridge the squadron deployed to Incirlik Air Base Turkey in 1991, where it took part in Operation Provide Comfort. Later after inactivation and reactivation at Shaw Air Force Base and flying the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the 78th began a regular rotation of deployments to patrol the Northern and Southern No-Fly Zones of Iraq, the last of which took place in mid to late 2002, when they deployed to Incirlik Air Base, Turkey. The squadron also performed combat operations in Kosovo from March to June 1999.[1]

The 78th was prepared to again deploy to Turkey in preparation for Operation Iraqi Freedom, however, the Turkish government denied the use of its nation as a staging area against Iraq. Consequently, the 78th stood down and was inactivated in June 2003. The personnel and F-16CJ equipment of the 78th transferred to the 55th Fighter Squadron.

In April 2006, the 78th was reactivated in the Air Force Reserve Command and redesignated as the 78th Reconnaissance Squadron, with the unit flying the MQ-1 Predator. In July 2010, with the gaining of the MQ-9 Reaper mission, the unit was redesignated the 78th Attack Squadron.[2]

Lineage[1]

  • Organized as 78th Aero Squadron on 28 February 1918
Redesignated, Squadron A, Hicks Field, TX, on 23 July 1918
Demobilized on 15 November 1918
  • Reconstituted, and consolidated (25 April 1933) with 78th Observation Squadron, which was constituted on 18 October 1927
Redesignated 78th Pursuit Squadron on 8 May 1929
Activated on 1 April 1931
Inactivated on 1 September 1937
  • Redesignated 78th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 22 December 1939
Activated on 1 February 1940
Redesignated: 78th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Redesignated: 78th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 20 August 1943
Inactivated on 15 October 1946
  • Redesignated 78th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 11 September 1952
Activated on 1 November 1952
Redesignated: 78th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 1 April 1954
Redesignated: 78th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 8 July 1958
Inactivated on 1 May 1992
  • Redesignated 78th Fighter Squadron on 22 December 1993
Activated on 1 January 1994
Inactivated on 30 June 2003
  • Redesignated 78th Reconnaissance Squadron on 19 April 2006
Activated on 19 May 2006.
  • Redesignated 78th Attack Squadron on 1 July 2010

Assignments[1]

Attached to 81st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, c. 22 April 1954 – 7 February 1955

Bases stationed[1]

Aircraft Operated[1]

Operations[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f AFHRA 78 RS Page
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
926th Wing

The 926th Wing is an Air Reserve Component of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Tenth Air Force, Air Force Reserve Command, stationed at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada.

The unit is a composite organization consisting of two Operations Groups, the 726th and 926th, gained by Air Combat Command and Air Force Space Command, with Geographic Separated Units at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada; Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, and Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado.

Air Force Reserve Command

The Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. It is the federal Air Reserve Component (ARC) of the U.S. Air Force, consisting of commissioned officers and enlisted airmen.

AFRC supports the Air Force mission to defend the United States through the control and exploitation of air and space by supporting Global Engagement. AFRC also plays an integral role in the day-to-day Air Force mission and is not strictly a force held in reserve for possible war or contingency operations.

Creech Air Force Base

Creech Air Force Base is a United States Air Force (USAF) command and control facility in Clark County, Nevada used "to engage in daily Overseas Contingency Operations …of remotely piloted aircraft systems which fly missions across the globe." In addition to an airport, the military installation has the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Battlelab, associated aerial warfare ground equipment, and unmanned aerial vehicles of the type used in Afghanistan and Iraq. Creech is the aerial training site for the USAF Thunderbirds and "is one of two emergency divert airfields" for the Nevada Test and Training Range.In addition to the airfield, the base includes the "UAV-Logistic and Training Facility", the Joint Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Excellence, Silver Flag Alpha Regional Training Center, and other military units/facilities. The base in named in honor of retired US Air Force General Wilbur L. Creech, the former commanding officer of Tactical Air Command (TAC), the predecessor command of the current Air Combat Command (ACC).

List of American aero squadrons

This is a partial list of original Air Service, United States Army "Aero Squadrons" before and during World War I. Units formed after 1 January 1919 are not listed.

Aero Squadrons were the designation of the first United States Army aviation units until the end of World War I. These units consisted of combat flying, training, ground support, construction and other components of the Air Service. After World War I ended, the majority of these squadrons were demobilized. Some however were retained during the interwar period of the 1920s and 1930s, and served in all theaters of operation during World War II. Today, the oldest squadrons in the United States Air Force and Air National Guard can trace their lineage back to the original Aero Squadrons of World War I.

List of United States Air Force attack squadrons

This is a List of United States Air Force attack squadrons.

Shawna Rochelle Kimbrell

Shawna Rochelle Kimbrell is a Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Air Force, and the first female African-American fighter pilot in the history of that service. She flew the F-16 Fighting Falcon during combat missions in Operation Northern Watch. She is stationed at Nellis Air Force Base where she is a member of the 78th Attack Squadron and serves as an MQ-9 Pilot and Mission Commander.

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