The 75th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) took place on March 23, 2003, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories honoring films released in 2002. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Steve Martin hosted for the second time, having previously presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001. Three weeks earlier in a ceremony at Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California held on March 1, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Kate Hudson.
Chicago won six awards including Best Picture. Other winners included The Pianist with three awards, Frida and The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers with two, and Adaptation, Bowling for Columbine, The ChubbChubbs!, 8 Mile, The Hours, Nowhere in Africa, Road to Perdition, Spirited Away, Talk to Her, This Charming Man, and Twin Towers with one. The telecast garnered about 33 million viewers in the United States, making it the least watched and lowest rated televised Oscar ceremony at the time.
|75th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 23, 2003|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Steve Martin|
|Preshow hosts||Jann Carl|
|Produced by||Gil Cates|
|Directed by||Louis J. Horvitz|
|Most awards||Chicago (6)|
|Most nominations||Chicago (13)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 30 minutes|
20.58% (Nielsen ratings)
The nominees for the 75th Academy Awards were announced on February 11, 2003, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Frank Pierson, president of the Academy, and actress Marisa Tomei. Chicago received the most nominations with thirteen. It was the eighth film to receive that many nominations. Gangs of New York came in second with ten.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 23, 2003. Chicago became the first musical film to win Best Picture since 1968's Oliver! At age 29, Adrien Brody was the youngest person to win Best Actor. With her 13th nomination, Meryl Streep became the most nominated actor in Oscar history. Meanwhile, Best Actor nominee Jack Nicholson earned his 12th nomination, extending his record as the most nominated male performer. Julianne Moore was the ninth performer to earn two acting nominations in the same year. "Lose Yourself" from 8 Mile became the first rap song to win the Best Original Song award.
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger ().
The following 13 films received multiple nominations:
The following four films received multiple awards:
The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Announcers for the 75th annual Academy Awards|
|Cameron Diaz||Presenter of the award for Best Animated Feature Film|
|Keanu Reeves||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Jennifer Connelly||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Jennifer Lopez||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
|John Travolta||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "I Move On"|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
|Jennifer Garner||Presenter of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
|Mira Sorvino||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Nia Vardalos||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
|Sean Connery||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Brendan Fraser||Presenter of the film The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers on the Best Picture segment|
|Kate Hudson||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Renée Zellweger||Presenter of the award for Best Original Score|
|Julie Andrews||Presenter of the montage highlighting past Academy Award telecast musical numbers|
|Gael García Bernal||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Burn it Blue"|
|Salma Hayek||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Julianne Moore||Presenter of the awards for Best Sound and Best Sound Editing|
|Matthew McConaughey||Presenter of the film Gangs of New York on the Best Picture segment|
|Diane Lane||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Jack Valenti||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Julia Roberts||Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Kathy Bates||Presenter of the montage interviewing previous acting Oscar winners|
|Colin Farrell||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "The Hands That Built America"|
|Geena Davis||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Susan Sarandon||Presenter of the In Memoriam Tribute|
|Hilary Swank||Presenter of the film The Hours on the Best Picture segment|
|Halle Berry||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Barbra Streisand||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Meryl Streep||Presenter of the Academy Honorary Award to Peter O'Toole|
|Dustin Hoffman||Presenter of the film The Pianist on the Best Picture segment|
|Denzel Washington||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Olivia de Havilland||Presenter of the Oscar Family Album segment|
|Richard Gere||Presenter of the film Chicago on the Best Picture segment|
|Marcia Gay Harden||Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Ben Affleck||Presenter of the award for Best Original Screenplay|
|Harrison Ford||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Presenters of the award for Best Picture|
|Bill Conti||Musical arranger and Conductor||Orchestral|
| Queen Latifah
|Performers||"I Move On" from Chicago|
|Paul Simon||Performer||"Father and Daughter" from The Wild Thornberrys Movie|
|Performers||"Burn It Blue" from Frida|
|U2||Performers||"The Hands That Built America" from Gangs of New York|
In November 2002, the Academy hired veteran Oscar telecast producer Gil Cates to oversee the telecast for the eleventh time. "With ten shows under his belt, no other living producer even comes close to the depth of his experience," said AMPAS president Frank Pierson in a press release announcing the selection. "Gil practically invented the awards show as a stylistic genre. We're privileged to have him present a very special event to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Oscars." A few days later, actor and comedian Steve Martin was chosen to emcee the upcoming telecast. Cates explained his reason to bring back the veteran comedian saying, "A host who's witty, clever, sharp, intelligent, quick on his feet and always on top of the unfolding action. Wait, I've forgotten something. Oh yeah, and outrageously funny." According to the article published in the Los Angeles Times, Cates approached actor and veteran Oscar host Billy Crystal for emceeing duties. However, as time passed and Crystal was still undecided regarding the job, Cates offered the hosting role to Martin. In a statement, Martin expressed that he was honored to be selected to emcee the telecast joking, "I'm very pleased to be hosting the Oscars again, because fear and nausea always make me lose weight." In addition, this was the first Oscar ceremony broadcast in high-definition.
To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Academy Awards, 59 actors who have received both competitive and honorary awards appeared seated onstage together during a segment called Oscar's Family Album. Each former winner was acknowledged by announcer Neil Ross and Randy Thomas with the films he or she won for. At the end of the segment newly minted winners Adrien Brody, Chris Cooper, Nicole Kidman, and Catherine Zeta-Jones, along with Honorary Oscar recipient Peter O'Toole, joined them.
Furthermore, the American-led invasion of Iraq affected the telecast and its surrounding events. Hours after news that the war had commenced several actors such as Cate Blanchett, Jim Carrey, and Will Smith resigned from their roles as presenters citing safety concerns and respect for military families. Despite pleas from broadcaster ABC to postpone the proceedings up to a week, AMPAS president Pierson and ceremony producer Cates refused to delay the gala to a different date citing unavailability of the Kodak Theatre during that time. Pierson also stated that moving the festivities to a different venue would be too expensive for the Academy. However, they also announced that the red carpet festivities would be severely curtailed. The bleacher seats situated along Hollywood Boulevard would also be dismantled, and ticket holders for those seats would receive rain checks that were good toward next year's event. Periodically during commercial breaks, ABC News anchor and journalist Peter Jennings gave news brief updates regarding the events happening overseas. Hayao Miyazaki, who won Best Animated Feature for Spirited Away, boycotted in protest against the Iraq War, stating that he "didn't want to visit a country that was bombing Iraq".
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 11, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $486 million, with an average of $97.3 million per film. The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $321 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Gangs of New York ($70.1 million), Chicago ($64.5 million), The Hours ($21.8 million), and finally The Pianist ($9.1 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 47 nominations went to 14 films on the list. Only The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2nd), My Big Fat Greek Wedding (5th), Ice Age (9th), Catch Me If You Can (11th), Lilo & Stitch (13th), Road to Perdition (23rd), Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron (35th), Gangs of New York (37th), and Chicago (41st) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Spider-Man (1st), Star Wars: Episode II: Attack of the Clones (3rd), Minority Report (16th), 8 Mile (22nd), and The Time Machine (44th).
Shortly after winning the Oscar for Best Documentary Feature, Bowling for Columbine director Michael Moore spoke out against U.S. President George W. Bush and the Iraq War. He further criticized the president stating, "We live in a time with fictitious election results that elect fictitious presidents. We live in a time when we have a man sending us to war for fictitious reasons." The speech was received with a mix of boos, applause, and standing ovations from the audience at the theater. Moments after the speech concluded, in order to lighten the mood, host Martin joked, "The Teamsters are helping Michael Moore into the trunk of his limo."
The show received a positive reception from most media publications. Television critic Robert Bianco of USA Today commended Martin's hosting performance writing that, "Luckily for viewers, Martin has two other qualities that are essential to a good Academy Awards host: wit and insider status. He used both to his and our advantage, winning the crowd's confidence and then gleefully mocking them all night." He also noted that the political remarks from presenters and speeches "a touch of tension to what is so often a dull evening." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette television columnist Rob Owen raved that "Martin radiates class and wit, something often lacking in awards show hosts. From jokes about the allegedly scaled-down ceremony to reaction to his return to the Oscar stage, Martin entertained consistently." He also quipped that even the segments honoring Oscar history "seemed tighter and less tedious." Tom Shales of The Washington Post gave high marks to Martin commenting, "Helping immeasurably to make it a great show was Steve Martin, who served as host for the second time and triumphed as a welcome sardonic voice amid all the usual piousness and self-adulation." He also commented that despite the toned-down atmosphere, the speeches and tributes provided several heartfelt and memorable moments desperately needed in uncertain times.
Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Television critic Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly bemoaned, "A wonderful, intelligent Oscar host two years ago, Martin on this night looked as though he'd thrown in the towel backstage and let comedy writer Bruce Vilanch come up with a batch of gormless ain't-Hollywood-goofy lines to absolve him of responsibility for being hilarious." Chicago Tribune columnist Steve Johnson lamented, "Martin in his second turn hosting Hollywood's big night was, especially in the early going, slightly off-key, his attempt to keep a jovial face on things understandable but eventually coming to seem a touch disrespectful." He went on to say, "Except for the Moore line, he simply was not able to perform a perhaps impossible task, putting people at ease about attending, or watching, a party as a war raged, visible to anyone who flipped over to CNN." David Zurawik of The Baltimore Sun quipped, "As the rest of the world saw televised images of captives and corpses identified as American soldiers, we watched host Steve Martin and a theater full of celebrities celebrating their self importance. Try as they might last night in the capital of Fantasy Land to create a program that would transport us beyond current events, they never came close." He also complained that many of the evening's comments and jokes seemed tone deaf and disrespectful in light of the war.
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 33.04 million people over its length, which was a 21% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 62.55 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also earned lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 20.58% of households watching over a 40.34 share. In addition, it garnered a lower 18–49 demo rating with a 12.55 rating over a 35.37 share among viewers in that demographic. Many media outlets observed that cable news coverage of the Iraq war diverted home viewers' attention from the ceremony and therefore contributed to the lower ratings. Until 2018, it earned the lowest viewership for an Academy Award telecast since figures were compiled beginning with the 46th ceremony in 1974 and the lowest ratings for any broadcast since Nielsen Media Research kept track of such data since the 33rd ceremony in 1961.
In July 2003, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations at the 55th Primetime Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won three of those nominations for Outstanding Art Direction For A Variety Or Music Program (Roy Christopher), Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-camera) for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program (Robert Barnhart, Robert A. Dickinson, Andy O'Reilly), and Outstanding Music Direction (Bill Conti).
Anthony LaMolinara is a film director, producer and special effects artist.Barbara Lorenz
Barbara Lorenz is a make-up artist who has done over 110 films and TV shows. She was nominated at the 75th Academy Awards in the category of Best Makeup for the film The Time Machine. She shared her nomination with John M. Elliott Jr..She also received an Emmy nomination for Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Also received 2017 Lifetime Achievement Award in Hairstyling for The Makeup Artist and Hairstylist Guild.Beatrice De Alba
Beatrice De Alba is a Mexican make-up artist who won a Best Makeup Oscar at the 75th Academy Awards, for the film Frida. She shared her win with John E. Jackson.Edi (film)
Edi is a 2002 Polish drama film directed and co-written by Piotr Trzaskalski. It received critical acclaim and eleven Polish Film Award nominations, winning two for Best Supporting Actor and Audience Award.
The film was selected as the Polish entry for Best Foreign Language Film at the 75th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.Fine Dead Girls
Fine Dead Girls (Croatian: Fine mrtve djevojke, also distributed as Nice Dead Girls) is a 2002 Croatian drama film which premiered in July 2002 at the Pula Film Festival. The film has been named one of the best Croatian films since Croatia's independence. It caught much attention due to its controversial, provocative themes.John E. Jackson (make-up artist)
John E. Jackson is an American make-up artist who won at the 75th Academy Awards for the film Frida.This was in the category of Best Makeup. He shared his win with Beatrice De Alba.John M. Elliott Jr.
John M. Elliott Jr. is a makeup artist who was nominated at the 75th Academy Awards for Best Makeup. He was nominated for The Time Machine, his nomination was shared with Barbara Lorenz.He has over 65 film and television credits since his start in 1970.Labyrinth (2002 film)
Labyrinth is a 2002 Serbian thriller film directed by Miroslav Lekic. It was selected as the Serbian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 75th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.List of Indonesian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Indonesia has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1987. The award is given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. It was created for the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.As of 2018, twenty Indonesian films have been successfully submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but none of them have been nominated for the award. The country attempted to send a film in 1988, but the submission was disqualified for lacking English subtitles.The only Indonesian director to have multiple films submitted is Nia Dinata. Dinata's Ca-bau-kan was Indonesia's submission for the 75th Academy Awards and her Love for Share was the official Indonesian submission to the 79th Academy Awards.List of submissions to the 75th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
The following 54 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 75th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film (release at the country of origin November 1, 2001 – October 31, 2002, ceremony March 2003).Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Chad submitted films for the first time.The announcement of the submitted films was delayed when the Academy was presented with four films that did not quite conform to the rules, as written:
Hong Kong elected to send an action film (The Touch) that was completely in English.
Afghanistan, which had been liberated from Taliban rule only a year before, submitted their first-ever film for consideration. The movie, about Afghan-Americans, was filmed mostly in English, but partially in Dari. When the film was shown in Afghanistan, it was entirely dubbed into Dari and it was this version that was sent to the Oscars.
The United Kingdom sent The Warrior, a British-produced film set in India, spoken entirely in Hindi, and filmed by Asif Kapadia, a British director of Indian descent.
Most controversially, Palestine tried to submit Divine Intervention, forcing the apolitical Academy to make a decision about whether it would accept Palestine as a country.The film from Hong Kong was quickly eliminated, but the film from Afghanistan (whose director had been murdered before post-production was finished) was accepted.
The United Kingdom was asked to submit another film since AMPAS rules stated that all films had to be in a language indigenous to the submitting country. "The Warrior" was not acceptable, AMPAS argued, because Hindi was not a language indigenous to the United Kingdom, and the film was not about, nor set among British people. Had the film been set among the Hindi-speaking community in the UK, it would have been approved. BAFTA appealed to the Academy to reconsider, but to no avail. The film won Best British Film at the BAFTA awards the following year. Britain ended up choosing Eldra, a film in Welsh. In 2006, AMPAS changed the rules to allow countries to choose films which were not in the language of the submitting country. Canada was the first to take advantage of this new rule by submitting Water, which was also in Hindi.
AMPAS determined that Palestine was not a country, and therefore could not submit a film. They also said that there had been no "national selection committee" that chose Divine Intervention, as required by the rules. It was also unclear how the film would be released in its home country according to the rules, since Palestine had no internationally recognized boundaries. This decision was much criticized, especially since countries like Taiwan, Puerto Rico and Hong Kong, none of which recognized as sovereign nations by the United Nations, had been submitting movies for years. AMPAS reversed its decision the following year, and allowed Divine Intervention to compete.
The previous year's winner Bosnia & Herzegovina did not submit a film.
The Brazilian submission, City of God was considered as one of the favorites, but it did not receive a nomination in the Best Foreign Film category. When the film was released the following year in the US, it garnered nominations in four mainstream categories including Best Screenplay and Best Director. If the film had been nominated in the Best Foreign Film category, it would have been ineligible for awards the following year because films cannot receive Oscar nominations in two different ceremonies.Mount Head
Mount Head (Japanese: 頭山, Hepburn: Atamayama) is a 2002 Japanese cartoon short. It was nominated at the 75th Academy Awards in the category of Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.Randall William Cook
Randall William Cook (born 1951) is an American special effects artist most known for The Lord of the Rings trilogy. He worked on The Brave Little Toaster, and is known for his visuals on film and television.Scott Hecker
Scott Hecker is a sound editor who has nearly 100 films to date. He was nominated at the 75th Academy Awards for the film Road to Perdition in the category of Best Sound Editing.He has won four times at the Motion Picture Sound Editors awards.
He also was nominated for an Emmy Award for the sound on Miami Vice.Scott Stokdyk
Scott Stokdyk (born October 16, 1969) is a visual effects artist who is most known for his work on Spider-Man and Spider-Man 2.The Archangel's Feather
The Archangel's Feather (Spanish: La pluma del arcángel) is a 2002 Venezuelan drama film directed by Luis Manzo. It was selected as the Venezuelan entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 75th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.The Best of Times (2002 film)
The Best of Times (Chinese: 美麗時光; pinyin: Měilì Shíguāng) is a 2002 Taiwanese drama film directed by Chang Tso-chi. It was entered into the 59th Venice International Film Festival. It was also selected as the Taiwanese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 75th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.The Hands That Built America
"The Hands That Built America" is a song by Irish rock band U2. It was released on the soundtrack to the film Gangs of New York, and was one of two new songs on the group's The Best of 1990–2000 compilation (the other being "Electrical Storm"). It was nominated for Best Original Song at the 75th Academy Awards, but lost to Eminem's "Lose Yourself."The Invisible Children
The Invisible Children (Spanish: Los niños invisibles) is a 2001 Colombian drama film directed by Lisandro Duque Naranjo. It was selected as the Colombian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 75th Academy Awards, but it was not nominated.The Wild Bees
The Wild Bees (Czech: Divoké včely) is a 2001 Czech film directed by Bohdan Sláma. It was the Czech Republic's submission to the 75th Academy Awards for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but was not accepted as a nominee.
|Awards of Merit|
‡ Dates and years listed for each ceremony were the eligibility period of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period was done on a seasonal basis, from August to July. For the 6th ceremony, held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.