71st Group Army

The 71st Group Army, formerly the 12th (Group) Army, was one of the three group armies of the Chinese People's Liberation Army's Eastern Theater Command (formerly Nanjing Military Region).[1]

It was disbanded and redesignated in mid 2017 as the 71st Group Army.[2]

71st Group Army
China Emblem PLA
Active1949–
Country People's Republic of China
Allegiance Communist Party of China
TypeGroup army
Part ofEastern Theater Command Ground Force
Garrison/HQXuzhou, Jiangsu
Engagements
Commanders
Current
commander
  • Major General Li Zhonglin
  • Yin Hongxing
Notable
commanders
Zeng Shaoshan

Origin

The origin of the 12th Army lies in the surrender of the 74th Division of the Chinese Nationalist National Revolutionary Army, as well as with the sixth column of the Second Field Army.

Civil War

On 9 February 1949, the 34th, 35th and the 36th Divisions were incorporated into the Twelfth Army.[3] On 29 November 1949, Chongqing was captured and later the Battle of Chengdu was fought.[4]

Korean War

In December 1950, the 12th Army entered the Korean War. The People's Republic of China's (PRC) 31st Division of the 11th Army was incorporated into the 12th Army. The 11th Army returned to China in 1954.

Late-20th century

From 1 August 1983, the 2nd Tank Division was attached to the 12th Army Corps.[5]

In 1985, the 12th Army was re-formed as a Group Army. It was incorporated into the "60 June 179" division. The re-organization also involved the 2nd Tank Division and an artillery brigade.

In May 1989, the 12th Army's 34th, 36th and 110th Divisions, Artillery Brigade, and Anti-Aircraft Battalion were deployed to Beijing to enforce martial law and suppress the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.[6]

In 1998, the first 34th division of the 12th Army was re-deployed as a motorised infantry brigade (divorced from the 2nd tank division). The 35th division was moved to the Jiangsu military region. At a later stage, the 36th and the 179th divisions were motorised.

In 2002 Blasko wrote that the army comprised the:[7]

  • 35th Infantry Division (People's Republic of China), east Anhui
  • 36th Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)
  • 179th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China) ("Linfen Brigade") (83123 Unit) Nanjing, Jiangsu
  • an unidentified motorized infantry brigade
  • 2nd Armored Division (People's Republic of China) (83567 Unit) Xuzhou, Jiangsu
  • Artillery Brigade
  • Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade

The army was disbanded in 2017 and replaced by the new 71st Group Army.

References

  1. ^ Staff (2000–2012). "Nanjing Military Region Nanjing Military Area Command". GlobalSecurity.org. GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  2. ^ "PLA Orbat reform update (Jun 2017)". china-defense.blogspot.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  3. ^ In accordance with the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on 1 November 1948.
  4. ^ Sohu (2 November 2005). 军旅采风. laobing.com (in Chinese). laobing.com, Yingpu. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  5. ^ 坦克第2师历史,http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4990f3180100ylwa.html
  6. ^ Based on Wu Renhua's study. (Chinese)Wu Renhua, "进京的戒严部队和进京路线" 《1989天安门事件二十周年祭》系列之十二 Accessed 29 June 2013
  7. ^ Dennis J. Blasko. "PLA Ground Forces: Moving Toward a Smaller, More Rapidly Deployable, Modern Combined Arms Force" The People's Liberation Army as Organization: Reference Volume v1.0, James C. Mulvenon and Andrew N. D. Yang eds. (Santa Monico: RAND; 2002), 334.
112th Mechanized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)

The 112th Mechanized Infantry Division is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China. The 112th Division (Chinese: 第112师) was created on November 1948 under the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on November 1, 1948, basing on the 1st Division, 1st Column of the Northeastern Field Army. Its history can be traced to 5th Corps of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army taking part in the Pingjiang uprising in 1928.Under the command of 38th Corps it took part in the Chinese civil war.

115th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

The 115th Division was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men. It was a component of the 39th Army, consisting of the 343rd, 344th, and 345th Regiments.The 115th Division' was one of the first CCF divisions to attack the UN forces as they approached the Yalu River.

Effectively reduced the 8th Cavalry Regiment of the 1st Cavalry Division to a combat ineffective unit, after inflicting severe loses on them at Unsan. In all, over eight hundred men of the 8th Cavalry were lost—almost one-third of the regiment’s strength.

The enemy [Chinese] force that brought tragedy to the 8th Cavalry at Unsan was the CCF’s 116th Division. Elements of the 116th’s 347th Regiment were responsible for the roadblock south of Unsan. Also engaged in the Unsan action was the 115th Division.

116th Mechanized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)

The 116th Division was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men.

119th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

The 119th Division was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men. It was a component of the 40th Army, consisting of the 355th, 356th, and 357th Regiments.

124th Amphibious Mechanized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)

The 124th Division was a division of the PRC People's Liberation Army. During the Korean War, it was the first unit of the People's Republic of China to cross the Yalu River.

199th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

The 199th Motorized Infantry Brigade is one of the five maneuver elements of the 26th Group Army in the Jinan Military Region.

3rd Guard Division (People's Republic of China)

The 70th Division (Chinese: 第70师) was created in February 1949 under the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on November 1, 1948, basing on the 16th Division, 6th Column of the PLA Huadong Field Army. Its history can be traced to the 2nd Detachment of New Fourth Army, formed in February 1940.

53rd Mountain Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

53rd Army Division(Chinese: 陆军第53师) was formed on February 15, 1968 from Tibet Unit 843, and 153rd, 4th and 3rd Regiment of Tibet Military District. As of formation the division was composed of:

157th Infantry Regiment (former 153rd);

158th Infantry Regiment (former 4th);

159th Infantry Regiment (former 3rd);

310th Artillery Regiment.The division stations in Nyingchi, Tibet since its formation.

In December 1969 its 310th Artillery Regiment was renamed as Artillery Regiment, 53rd Army Division.

On September 24, 1985 the division was reduced and renamed as 53rd Mountain Motorized Infantry Brigade(Chinese: 山地摩托化步兵第53旅), a Motorized Infantry Brigade of High Altitude.

60th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

The 60th Mechanised Infantry Brigade is one of the three maneuver elements of the 20th Group Army in the Jinan Military Region. The 60th was converted from a division to a brigade as part of the PLA modernization efforts of the late 1990s.

The predecessor 60th Division was created in 1949 as part of the 20th Army. It consisted of the 178th, 179th, and 180th Regiments. It entered Korea along with the rest of the 20th Army as part of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)).

The 60th Division moved toward a blocking position near Koto-ri, south of "Hell-Fire Valley" during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.

73rd Group Army

The 73rd Group Army, formerly 31st group army, (Military Unit Cover Designator 73111) is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Nanjing Military Region. It is active since 1949.

It is based at Xiamen, Fujian and is composed of the 86th Motorized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China) and the 91st Motorized Infantry Division, along with an armored brigade, an air defense brigade, a surface-to-air missile regiment, an artillery regiment, and an engineer regiment. It is considered a Category A unit, with priority status in terms of readiness, strength, and modern equipment. Based on its training activities and positioning, its primary mission is presumed to be the invasion of Taiwan.

78th Group Army

The 78th Group Army is one of the group armies of the People's Liberation Army's Northern Theater Command. It was established in 2017, by seemingly a redesignation of the former 16th Group Army.

79th Group Army

The 79th Group Army, formerly the 39th Group Army, is a military formation of roughly corps strength, of the People's Liberation Army of China. It is part of the Northern Theater Command (and previously the Shenyang Military Region). The 79th Group Army has more main battle tanks than any other group armies in China, as it was expected to counter the threat of Soviet armor in the Far East. Along with 38th Army stationed near Beijing, this unit is given the best equipment and training available.

The army was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (People's Volunteer Army (PVA) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War. It comprised the 115th, 116th, and 117th Divisions.

80th Group Army

The 80th Group Army, formerly the 26th Group Army, is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army, seemingly originally formed in 1949. During the Korean War, it became part of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV)) of the IX Army Group, and was commanded by Lieutenant General Zhang Renchu.

The 26th Group Army was part of the Jinan Military Region and the 80th Group Army is part of the Northern Theater Command Ground Force.

80th Motorized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

The 80th Motorized Infantry Brigade, former 80th Division, is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army.It's now a maneuver part of PLA 27th Army.

81st Group Army

The 81st Group Army, formerly the 65th Group Army, is a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region. It is based in Zhangjiakou, Hebei and is composed of the 193rd Division, an artillery division, an armored brigade, two motorized infantry brigades, and an anti-aircraft artillery brigade. Its unit ID number is 66455.

83rd Group Army

The 83rd Group Army, formerly the 54th Group Army, is one of three People's Liberation Army group armies assigned to the Central Theater Command.

Army groups of China

Group armies (simplified Chinese: 集团军; traditional Chinese: 集團軍; pinyin: jituan jun) or army groups or combined corps are corps-level military formations of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force of China.

Some may use or translate 'Group Army' loosely to mean the same as Army Group through various time periods of history, depending on whether the military formation is under Nationalist China (ROC) or Communist China (PRC). Chinese Army Group or Group Army could be equivalent to field army or army group in other militaries but NOT necessarily so. This is because while 军 in Chinese means "corps" when classifying by size or number of troops, it also means (and more frequently so) in common and less precise military usage - any significant grouping of combat troops / i.e. army (usually corps size or larger; including Army or Army Group as per defined by most international military forces).

Eastern Theater Command

Eastern Theater Command, one of the five military regions of People's Liberation Army, was founded on February 1, 2016; its predecessor is the Nanjing Military Region.

Its jurisdiction includes Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shanghai and the East Sea Fleet. It consists of three group armies:the 72nd Group Army (formerly 1st group army), 71st Group Army (formerly 12th group army), and 73rd Group Army(formerly 31st group army). The ground force headquarter of the Eastern theater command is located in Fuzhou, Fujian, China. The joint command headquarters is located in Nanjing.Its commander is Gen. Liu Yuejun and political commissar is Lt. Gen. He Ping.

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