The 71st Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best of 1998 in film and took place on March 21, 1999, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the third time. She first hosted the 66th ceremony held in 1994 and had last hosted the 68th ceremony in 1996. Nearly a month earlier in a ceremony held at the Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California on February 27, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Anne Heche.
Shakespeare in Love won seven awards including Best Picture. Other winners included Saving Private Ryan with five awards, Life Is Beautiful with three, and Affliction, Bunny, Election Night, Elizabeth, Gods and Monsters, The Last Days, The Personals, The Prince of Egypt and What Dreams May Come with one. The telecast garnered nearly 46 million viewers in the United States.
|71st Academy Awards|
|Date||March 21, 1999|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Whoopi Goldberg|
|Preshow hosts||Geena Davis|
|Produced by||Gil Cates|
|Directed by||Louis J. Horvitz|
|Best Picture||Shakespeare in Love|
|Most awards||Shakespeare in Love (7)|
|Most nominations||Shakespeare in Love (13)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||4 hours, 2 minutes|
|Ratings||45.51 million |
28.63% (Nielsen ratings)
The nominees for the 71st Academy Awards were announced on February 9, 1999, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, and the actor Kevin Spacey. Shakespeare in Love earned the most nominations with thirteen; Saving Private Ryan came in second place with eleven.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 21, 1999. Life Is Beautiful was the second film nominated simultaneously for Best Picture and Best Foreign Language Film in the same year (the first being Z in 1969). Moreover, its seven nominations were the most for a foreign language film, to date. Best Actor winner Roberto Benigni was the second person to direct himself to an acting Oscar win. Laurence Olivier first achieved this feat for his performance in 1948's Hamlet. He also became the fourth individual to earn acting, directing, screenwriting nominations for the same film. In addition, Benigni was the third performer to win an Oscar for a non-English speaking role. By virtue of their nominations for portraying Queen Elizabeth I of England, Best Actress nominee Cate Blanchett and Best Supporting Actress winner Judi Dench became the first pair of actresses to earn acting nominations in the same year for portraying the same character in different films.
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger ().
The following 19 films received multiple nominations:
The following three films received multiple awards:
|Randi Thomas||Announcer for the 71st annual Academy Awards|
|Robert Rehme (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Kim Basinger||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Gwyneth Paltrow||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
|Patrick Stewart||Presenter of the films Elizabeth and Shakespeare in Love on the Best Picture segment|
|Mike Myers||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
|Christina Ricci||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "When You Believe"|
|Brendan Fraser||Presenter of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
|Robin Williams||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Chris Rock||Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing|
|Liv Tyler||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "I Don't Want to Miss a Thing"|
|Anjelica Huston||Presenter of the award for Best Sound|
|Tom Hanks||Introducer of presenter John Glenn|
|John Glenn||Presenter of the "Historical Figures in Cinema" montage|
|Sophia Loren||Presenter of the film Life Is Beautiful on the Best Picture segment and the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Musical or Comedy Score|
|Geena Davis||Introducer of the special dance number to the tune of the Best Original Dramatic Score nominees and presenter of the award for Best Original Dramatic Score|
|John Travolta||Presenter of the Frank Sinatra tribute montage|
|Anne Heche||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Jim Carrey||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Renée Zellweger||Introducer of the performance of the Best Song nominee "A Soft Place to Fall"|
|Nicolas Cage||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Norman Jewison|
|Liam Neeson||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Val Kilmer||Presenter of the Gene Autry and Roy Rogers tribute montage|
|Helen Hunt||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Lisa Kudrow||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "That'll Do"|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Documentary Feature|
|Robert De Niro
|Presenters of the Honorary Academy Award to Elia Kazan|
|Whoopi Goldberg||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Catherine Zeta-Jones||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "The Prayer"|
|Jennifer Lopez||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Annette Bening||Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute|
|Jack Valenti||Introducer of presenter Colin Powell|
|Colin Powell||Presenter of the films Saving Private Ryan and The Thin Red Line on the Best Picture segment|
|Uma Thurman||Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Jack Nicholson||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Steven Spielberg||Presenter of the Stanley Kubrick tribute montage|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen and Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published|
|Kevin Costner||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Harrison Ford||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Bill Conti||Musical arranger||Orchestral|
|Performers||"When You Believe" from The Prince of Egypt|
|Aerosmith||Performers||"I Don't Want to Miss a Thing" from Armageddon|
|Performers||Performed dance number synchronized with selections from Best Original Dramatic Score nominees|
|Allison Moorer||Performer||"A Soft Place to Fall" from The Horse Whisperer|
|Performers||"That'll Do" from Babe: Pig in the City|
|Performers||"The Prayer" from Quest for Camelot|
Riding on the success of the previous year's ceremony which garnered record-high viewership figures and several Emmys, AMPAS sought changes to the festivities that would help build upon this recent success. In June 1998, Academy president Robert Rehme announced that the show would be held on a Sunday for the first time in history. AMPAS and network ABC hoped to capitalize on the high television ratings and viewership that benefit programs airing on that particular day of the week. The Academy also stated that the move to Sunday would ease concerns about traffic gridlock and transportation that are significantly lower on weekends.
The following January, Gil Cates was selected as a producer of the telecast. He immediately selected Oscar-winning actress Whoopi Goldberg as host of the 1999 ceremony. Cates explained his decision to bring back Goldberg as host saying, "The audience adores Whoopi and that affection, plus Whoopi's extraordinary talent makes her a terrific host for the show." In a statement, Goldberg expressed that she was honored and excited to be selected to emcee the telecast commenting, "I am thrilled to escort Oscar into the new millennium. Who would have thought that I would be hosting the last Oscar telecast of the century? It's a huge deal."
Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony and its related events. Bill Conti served as musical director for the festivities. In addition to supervising the Best Song nominee performances, choreographer Debbie Allen produced a dance number featuring five dancers from around the world showcasing the nominees for Best Original Dramatic Score. For the first time, the Academy produced its own pre-show that preceded the main telecast. Produced by Dennis Doty, the half-hour program was hosted by actress Geena Davis and CNN reporter Jim Moret. Similar to coverage of red carpet arrivals on networks such as E!, the pre-show featured interviews with nominees and other guests, recaps of nominations and segments highlighting behind-the-scenes preparations for the telecast.
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 9, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees was $302 million with an average of $60.4 million per film. Saving Private Ryan was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $194.2 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Shakespeare in Love ($36.5 million), The Thin Red Line ($30.6 million), Elizabeth ($21.5 million), and finally Life is Beautiful ($18.4 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 36 nominations went to 13 films on the list. Only Saving Private Ryan (2nd), The Truman Show (11th), A Civil Action (40th) and Primary Colors (50th) were nominated for Best Picture, directing, acting or screenwriting. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Armageddon (1st), A Bug's Life (5th), Patch Adams (12th), Mulan (13th), The Mask of Zorro (17th), The Prince of Egypt (18th), The Horse Whisperer (24th), What Dreams May Come (37th) and Pleasantville (49th).
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Columnist Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly quipped that "Whoopi bombed last night, she knew it—and yet, crassly, she took it as a sign of her own outrageousness." The Washington Post television critic Tom Shales bemoaned that Goldberg "spent a great deal of time laughing at her own jokes, many of which were dirty, a few dirty." He also lambasted the host's presentation of the five Best Costume Design nominees saying calling it time-consuming and tasteless. Film critic John Hartl of The Seattle Times lamented that the telecast "was the longest and possibly the dullest Oscar show of the century, clocking in at four hours."
Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Television columnist Robert Bianco of USA Today commended Goldberg's hosting performance writing that he liked "the sharper, more socially conscious edge Goldberg brings." The Boston Globe television critic Matthew Gilbert commented, "It was the perfect year with more than enough Hollywood intrigue and a battle for her to play off." Joanne Ostrow of The Denver Post raved that "Whoopi definitely was on, more so than in her two previous hosting stints." She added that "the show was exceptionally smooth."
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 45.51 million viewers over its length, which was an 18% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 78.10 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also drew lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 28.63% of households watching over a 47.79 share. In addition, it also drew a lower 18–49 demo rating with an 18.85 rating over a 37.31 share among viewers in that demographic.
In July 1999, the show received seven nominations at the 51st Primetime Emmy Awards. Two months later, the ceremony won two of those nominations for Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety or Music Program (Roy Christopher and Stephen Olson) and Outstanding Lighting Direction for a Drama Series, Variety Series, Miniseries, Movie, or Special (Robert Dickinson, Robert T. Barnhart, Andy O'Reilly, Matt Ford).
A separate tribute to actor, singer and former Oscar host Frank Sinatra was presented by John Travolta. Later, actor Val Kilmer presented one to actors Gene Autry and Roy Rogers. After the In Memoriam segment was shown, host Goldberg and director Steven Spielberg eulogized film critic Gene Siskel and director Stanley Kubrick respectively.
Anxiety (Portuguese: Inquietude) is a 1998 Portuguese drama film directed by Manoel de Oliveira. It was screened out of competition at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival. The film was selected as the Portuguese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Begging for Love
Begging for Love (愛を乞うひと, Ai o Kou Hito) is a 1998 Japanese film directed by Hideyuki Hirayama. It was Japan's submission to the 71st Academy Awards for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but was not accepted as a nominee. It was chosen as Best Film at the Japan Academy Prize ceremony.Gypsy Lore
Gypsy Lore (Hungarian: Romani kris - Cigánytörvény) is a 1997 Hungarian drama film directed by Bence Gyöngyössy. It is an adaptation of King Lear. The film was selected as the Hungarian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Jerry Kupfer
Jerry Kupfer is an American television producer who has worked on shows such as 30 Rock and Strangers with Candy.
In addition he has won multiple Emmy awards.
He was also nominated at the 71st Academy Awards in the category of Best Documentary Feature for his work on the film Dancemaker. He shared his nomination with Matthew Diamond.Kevin Mack (visual effects artist)
Kevin Mack (born July 23, 1959) is an American visual effects artist. He won at the 71st Academy Awards in the category of Best Visual Effects for his work on What Dreams May Come. He shared his Oscar with Nicholas Brooks, Joel Hynek and Stuart Robertson.List of submissions to the 71st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
The following 45 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 71st Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film (release at the country of origin November 1, 1997 - October 31, 1998, ceremony March 1999). The five nominated films came from Argentina, Brazil, Iran, Spain and the eventual winner, Life Is Beautiful, from Italy. The Academy had initially invited 73 countries to submit their films.Kyrgyzstan submitted a film for the first time, and Lebanon & Morocco both returned to the competition after a 20-year absence.Lois Burwell
Lois Burwell (born 1960) is a British Oscar-winning makeup artist. She won the Best Makeup Oscar at the 68th Academy Awards for the film Braveheart, which she shared with Peter Frampton and Paul Pattison.
She received her second Academy Award nomination at the 71st Academy Awards for Saving Private Ryan (losing to Elizabeth), which she shared with Conor O'Sullivan and Daniel C. Striepeke.
She frequently collaborates with Steven Spielberg, having worked on five of his films.Loop (1999 film)
Loop (Spanish: Rizo) is a 1999 Venezuelan drama film directed by Julio Sosa Pietri. The film was selected as the Venezuelan entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Made in Hong Kong (film)
Made in Hong Kong (香港製造) is a 1997 Hong Kong drama film written and directed by Fruit Chan, executive produced and produced by Andy Lau and starring Sam Lee, Yim Hui-Chi, Wenders Li, and Tam Ka-Chuen. It won the Best Picture Award at the 1998 Hong Kong Film Awards along with 13 other wins and 6 nominations. The film was selected as the Hong Kong entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Much of the film is set in subsidised housing projects, which Chan considered to be 'a very Hong Kong thing' due to the high population density of the region. Though the film is sometimes regarded as a response to the 1997 Hong Kong handover, Chan feels that Made in Hong Kong can also be viewed as a character-driven drama that reflects the lifestyle of many young Hong Kong people at the time.The film is made from leftover film reels and as such has a very low cost of production, even for an independent movie.Next Stop Paradise (1998 film)
Next Stop Paradise (Romanian: Terminus Paradis) is a 1998 Romanian film directed by Lucian Pintilie. It was entered into the 55th Venice International Film Festival. The film was selected as the Romanian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Nicholas Brooks (special effects artist)
Nicholas Brooks (born May 20, 1964) is a British visual effects artist. He won at the 71st Academy Awards in the category of Best Visual Effects for his work on What Dreams May Come. He shared his Oscar with Joel Hynek, Kevin Mack and Stuart Robertson.He also won an Emmy Award for the special effects of the TV film Dreamkeeper.Patrice Toye
Patrice Toye (born Ghent, 1967) is a Belgian film director. Her 1998 film Rosie was selected as the Belgian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not nominated.Rosie (1998 film)
Rosie is a 1998 drama film written and directed by Patrice Toye. It was screened at the 1998 Toronto International Film Festival. It received the André Cavens Award for Best Film given by the Belgian Film Critics Association (UCC). Rosie was selected as the Belgian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not nominated.Sekal Has to Die
Sekal Has to Die (Czech: Je třeba zabít Sekala, Polish: Zabić Sekala) is a 1998 Czech film directed by Vladimír Michálek. It was the Czech Republic's submission to the 71st Academy Awards for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but was not accepted as a nominee.The plot takes place in the small Moravian village during World War II.The Barber of Siberia
The Barber of Siberia (Сибирский цирюльник, translit. Sibirskiy tsiryulnik) is a 1998 Russian film that re-united the Academy Award-winning team of director Nikita Mikhalkov and producer Michel Seydoux. It was screened out of competition at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival. The film was selected as the Russian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.The Dreamlife of Angels
The Dreamlife of Angels (French: La Vie rêvée des anges) is a 1998 French drama film directed by Erick Zonca. The film was selected as the French entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.The Thin Red Line (soundtrack)
The Thin Red Line is the soundtrack of the 1998 Terrence Malick film of the same name. It was released on January 12, 1999 by RCA Victor. German-born film composer Hans Zimmer is credited for scoring most of the score along with his studio partner John Powell. The soundtrack was nominated at the 71st Academy Awards for Original Dramatic Score, but lost out to Life Is Beautiful. "Journey to the Line" has become very popular and was used in trailers for Pearl Harbor, Man of Steel (Comic-Con trailer), 12 Years a Slave, and X-Men: Days of Future Past.West Beirut (film)
West Beirut (French: West Beyrouth (À l'abri les enfants); Arabic: بيروت الغربية Beyrouth Al Gharbiyya) is a 1998 Lebanese drama film written and directed by Ziad Doueiri. The film was selected as the Lebanese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.
|Awards of Merit|
‡ Dates and years listed for each ceremony were the eligibility period of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period was done on a seasonal basis, from August to July. For the 6th ceremony, held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.