67th United States Congress

The Sixty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1921, to March 4, 1923, during the first two years of Warren Harding's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Albert B Cummins
President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins
67th United States Congress
66th ←
→ 68th
USCapitol1906
March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1923
Senate PresidentCalvin Coolidge (R)
Senate President pro temAlbert B. Cummins (R)
House SpeakerFrederick H. Gillett (R)
Members96 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
Sessions
Special: March 4, 1921 – March 15, 1921
1st: April 11, 1921 – November 23, 1921
2nd: December 5, 1921 – September 22, 1922
3rd: November 20, 1922 – December 4, 1922
4th: December 4, 1922 – March 3, 1923
67USHouseStructure
House Party standings (at the beginning of this Congress)
  302 Republicans
  131 Democrats
  1 Socialist
Funeral of Champ Clark, 1921
Funeral of former Speaker of the House, Champ Clark, March 5, 1921, in front of the United States Capitol.

Major events

Major Legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 46 0 50 96 0
Begin 37 0 59 96 0
End
Final voting share 38.5% 0.0% 61.5%
Beginning of the next congress 42 1 53 96 0

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class; Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1922; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1926.

67th US Senate composition
Senate composition, by party

House of Representatives

67 us house membership
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 4
  • vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
New Mexico
(2)
Albert B. Fall (R) Resigned March 4, 1921, after being appointed United States Secretary of the Interior. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Holm O. Bursum (R) April 11, 1921
Delaware
(1)
Josiah O. Wolcott (D) Resigned July 2, 1921, to accept an appointment to become Chancellor of the Delaware Court of Chancery. Successor was appointed. T. Coleman du Pont (R) July 7, 1921
Pennsylvania
(1)
Philander C. Knox (R) Died October 12, 1921. Successor was appointed. William E. Crow (R) October 24, 1921
Pennsylvania
(3)
Boies Penrose (R) Died December 31, 1921. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. George W. Pepper (R) January 9, 1922
Iowa
(2)
William S. Kenyon (R) Resigned February 24, 1922, after being appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Successor was appointed. Charles A. Rawson (R) February 24, 1922
Pennsylvania
(1)
William E. Crow (R) Died August 2, 1922. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. David A. Reed (R) August 8, 1922
Georgia
(3)
Thomas E. Watson (D) Died September 26, 1922. Successor was appointed November 21, 1922 to serve one day until the elected successor took the seat. Rebecca L. Felton (D) October 3, 1922
Delaware
(1)
T. Coleman du Pont (R) Successor was elected. Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (D) November 8, 1922
Michigan
(2)
Truman H. Newberry (R) Resigned November 18, 1922. Successor was appointed. James J. Couzens (R) November 29, 1922
Georgia
(3)
Rebecca L. Felton (D) Successor was elected. Walter F. George (D) November 22, 1922
Iowa
(2)
Charles A. Rawson (R) Successor was elected. Smith W. Brookhart (R) November 8, 1922

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 19
  • deaths: 18
  • resignations: 8
  • contested elections: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 30
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
California 9th Vacant Rep.-elect Charles F. Van de Water died during previous congress Walter F. Lineberger (R) April 11, 1921
Alabama 4th Vacant Rep. Fred L. Blackmon died during previous congress Lamar Jeffers (D) June 7, 1921
Pennsylvania At-large Vacant Rep. Mahlon M. Garland died during previous congress Thomas S. Crago (R) September 20, 1921
Michigan 3rd William H. Frankhauser (R) Died May 9, 1921 John M. C. Smith (R) June 28, 1921
Iowa 5th James W. Good (R) Resigned June 15, 1921 Cyrenus Cole (R) July 19, 1921
Illinois At-large William E. Mason (R) Died June 16, 1921 Winnifred S. M. Huck (R) November 7, 1922
Massachusetts 6th Willfred W. Lufkin (R) Resigned June 30, 1921, after being appointed Collector of Customs for the Port of Boston A. Piatt Andrew (R) September 27, 1921
Virginia 5th Rorer A. James (D) Died August 6, 1921 J. Murray Hooker (D) November 8, 1921
Arkansas 6th Samuel M. Taylor (D) Died September 13, 1921 Chester W. Taylor (D) October 25, 1921
Virginia 10th Henry D. Flood (D) Died December 8, 1921 Henry St. George Tucker III (D) March 21, 1922
California 6th John A. Elston (R) Died December 15, 1921 James H. MacLafferty (R) November 7, 1922
Maine 3rd John A. Peters (R) Resigned January 2, 1922, after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Maine John E. Nelson (R) March 20, 1922
Hawaii Territory Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole (R) Died January 7, 1922 Harry Baldwin (R) March 25, 1922
New York 37th Alanson B. Houghton (R) Resigned February 28, 1922, after being appointed United States Ambassador to Germany Lewis Henry (R) April 11, 1922
Texas 13th Lucian W. Parrish (D) Died March 27, 1922 Guinn Williams (D) May 22, 1922
North Carolina 3rd Samuel M. Brinson (D) Died April 13, 1922 Charles L. Abernethy (D) November 7, 1922
Nebraska 1st C. Frank Reavis (R) Resigned June 3, 1922, after being appointed special assistant to the United States Attorney General Roy H. Thorpe (R) November 7, 1922
Nebraska 6th Moses Kinkaid (R) Died July 6, 1922 Augustin R. Humphrey (R) November 7, 1922
Massachusetts 16th Joseph Walsh (R) Resigned August 2, 1922, after being appointed a justice of the superior court of Massachusetts Charles L. Gifford (R) November 7, 1922
Tennessee 7th Lemuel P. Padgett (D) Died August 2, 1922 Clarence W. Turner (D) November 7, 1922
Pennsylvania 10th Charles R. Connell (R) Died September 26, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
California 5th John I. Nolan (R) Died November 18, 1922 Mae Nolan (R) January 23, 1923
Illinois 2nd James R. Mann (R) Died November 30, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 1st Frank C. Millspaugh (R) Resigned December 5, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Virginia 7th Thomas W. Harrison (D) Lost contested election December 15, 1922 John Paul Jr. (R) December 15, 1922
New Mexico At-large Néstor Montoya (R) Died January 13, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 1st William S. Vare (R) Resigned January 2, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New Hampshire 1st Sherman E. Burroughs (R) Died January 27, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
California 10th Henry Z. Osborne (R) Died February 8, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 16th Bourke Cockran (D) Died March 1, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (6 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Determine what Employment may be Furnished Federal Prisoners
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Fiscal Relations between the District of Columbia and the United States
  • Postal Service
  • Readjustment of Service Pay (Special)
  • Reorganization
  • Reorganization of the Administrative Branch of the Government
  • To Investigate the System of Shortime Rural Credits

Caucuses

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

Capper–Volstead Act

Capper–Volstead Act (P.L. 67-146), the Co-operative Marketing Associations Act (7 U.S.C. 291, 292) was adopted by the United States Congress on February 18, 1922. It gave “associations” of persons producing agricultural products certain exemptions from antitrust laws. It is sometimes called the Magna Carta of cooperatives.

Charles G. Bond

Charles Grosvenor Bond (May 29, 1877 – January 10, 1974) was a Republican United States Representative from the state of New York who served in the 67th United States Congress.

Edward B. Almon

Edward Berton Almon (April 18, 1860 – June 22, 1933) was an American, and a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives who represented northwest Alabama's 8th congressional district.

Emergency Quota Act

The Emergency Quota Act, also known as the Emergency Immigration Act of 1921, the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921, the Per Centum Law, and the Johnson Quota Act (ch. 8, 42 Stat. 5 of May 19, 1921) was actually formulated mainly in response to the large influx of Jews fleeing persecution in Eastern Europe and thus successfully restricted their immigration and that of other "undesirables" into the United States. Although intended as temporary legislation, the Act "proved in the long run the most important turning-point in American immigration policy" because it added two new features to American immigration law: numerical limits on immigration and the use of a quota system for establishing those limits. These limits came to be known as the National Origins Formula.

The Emergency Quota Act restricted the number of immigrants admitted from any country annually to 3% of the number of residents from that same country living in the United States as of the U.S. Census of 1910. This meant that people from northern European countries had a higher quota and were more likely to be admitted to the U.S. than people from eastern Europe, southern Europe, or other, non-European countries. Professionals were to be admitted without regard to their country of origin. The Act set no limits on immigration from Latin America. The act did not apply to countries with bilateral agreements with the US, or to Asian countries listed in the Immigration Act of 1917, known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act. However, the Act was not seen as restrictive enough since millions of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe had come into the USA since 1890. The Immigration Act of 1924 reduced the Quota to 2% per the Census of 1890 when a fairly small percentage of the population was from the regions regarded as less than desirable.

Based on that formula, the number of new immigrants admitted fell from 805,228 in 1920 to 309,556 in 1921-22. The average annual inflow of immigrants prior to 1921 was 175,983 from Northern and Western Europe, and 685,531 from other countries, principally Southern and Eastern Europe. In 1921, there was a drastic reduction in immigration levels from other countries, principally Southern and Eastern Europe.Following the end of World War I, both Europe and the United States were experiencing economic and social upheaval. In Europe, the destruction of the war, the Russian Revolution, and the dissolutions of both the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires led to greater immigration to the United States; while in the United States, an economic downturn following post-war demobilization increased unemployment. The combination of increased immigration from Europe at the time of higher American unemployment strengthened the anti-immigrant movement.

The act, sponsored by Rep. Albert Johnson (R-Washington), was passed without a recorded vote in the U.S. House of Representatives and by a vote of 90-2-4 in the U.S. Senate.The Act was revised by the Immigration Act of 1924.

The use of such a National Origins Formula continued until 1965 when the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 replaced it with a system of preferences based on immigrants' skills and family relationships with U.S. citizens or U.S. residents.

Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921

The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921, also called the Phipps Act (November 9, 1921, Pub.L. 67–87, 42 Stat. 212), sponsored by Sen. Lawrence C. Phipps (R) of Colorado, defined the Federal Aid Road program to develop an immense national highway system. The plan was crafted by the head of the National Highway Commission, Thomas MacDonald and was the first coherent plan for the nation's future roads.

L. I. Hewes opened the Western Headquarters Office of the Bureau of Public Roads to administer federal-aid highway and direct federal highway construction programs in 11 western states, including Alaska and Hawaii. It provided federal 50–50 matching funds for state highway building up to 7 percent of roads statewide. By the end of 1921, more than $75 million in aid had been given to the states.

In 1922, the Bureau of Public Roads commissioned Gen. John J. Pershing to draw up the Pershing Map for construction purposes and to give the government a clear understanding of which roads in the U.S. were the most important in the event of war. The "Pershing Map" was the first official topographic road map of the United States. From it, the Appalachian Trail from Maine to Georgia was begun in 1922. By 1923, the roads authorized by the act had been completed.

Future Trading Act

The Future Trading Act of 1921 (ch. 86, 42 Stat. 187) was a United States Act of Congress, approved on August 24, 1921, by the 67th United States Congress intended to institute regulation of grain futures contracts and, particularly, the exchanges on which they were traded. It was the second federal statute that attempted to regulate futures contracts after the short lived Anti-gold futures act of 1864.

The act imposed a tax of 20 cents a bushel on all contracts for the sale of grain for future delivery other than those on exchanges regulated by the US Department of Agriculture that met standards set out in the statute. Twenty cents a bushel was considered a large sum by the standards of the day.

The Act was held to be an unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court in Hill v. Wallace on May 15, 1922. About four years later, on January 11, 1926, the Court announced a related decision in Trusler v. Crooks.

The Grain Futures Act of 1922 was ruled constitutional in Board of Trade of City of Chicago v. Olsen.

George P. Codd

George Pierre Codd (December 7, 1869 – February 16, 1927) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Hallett Sydney Ward

Hallett Sydney Ward (August 31, 1870 – March 31, 1956) was a Democratic U.S. Congressman from North Carolina between 1921 and 1925.

Born near Gatesville, North Carolina, Ward attended public schools in Gates County and then studied law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He graduated and was admitted to the bar in 1893, beginning his law practice in Winton, North Carolina.

Ward was first elected to the North Carolina Senate in 1899 and was sent back for a second term in 1901. He served as mayor of the town of Plymouth, North Carolina from 1902 to 1903. In 1904, moved to the town of Washington, North Carolina, where he was named solicitor for the first judicial district of North Carolina, a post he held until 1910.

In 1920, Ward was elected to the 67th United States Congress; he would serve two terms in Washington, DC before declining renomination in 1924, after which he returned to his law practice in North Carolina. He served one additional term in the North Carolina Senate in 1931, and died in Washington, North Carolina in 1956.

John C. Ketcham

John Clark Ketcham (January 1, 1873 – December 4, 1941) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Ketcham was born in Toledo, Ohio, and moved with his parents to Maple Grove, Michigan near Nashville, the same year. He attended the common schools of Barry County and high school at Nashville. He taught in rural and high schools from 1890 to 1899. Ketcham was county commissioner of schools for Barry County, 1899-1907, and chairman of the Republican county committee, 1902-1908. He was postmaster of Hastings, 1907-1914; master of the Michigan State Grange, 1912-1920; and lecturer of the National Grange, 1917-1921.

Ketcham was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 4th congressional district to the 67th United States Congress and to the five succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1921 to March 3, 1933. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932, losing in the general election to Democrat George E. Foulkes.

Ketcham was president of the National Bank of Hastings, 1933-1937; State commissioner of insurance, 1935-1937; and counsel for the Michigan Chain Store Bureau, 1938-1941. He died in Hastings and was interred there in Riverside Cemetery.

He was the son-in-law, of Samuel Azariah Shelton, U.S. Representative from Missouri's 16th congressional district, 1921-1923.

John Kissel (New York)

John Kissel (July 31, 1864 in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York – October 3, 1938 in Brooklyn, New York City) was an American newspaper publisher and politician from New York.

Lester D. Volk

Lester David Volk (September 17, 1884 – April 30, 1962) was an American physician, lawyer and politician from New York.

List of United States Senators in the 67th Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 67th United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1921, to March 3, 1923.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as vice president, a House member, a cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.Senators who were sworn in during the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1922 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

List of members of the United States House of Representatives in the 67th Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States House of Representatives during the 67th United States Congress listed by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 67th Congress (March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the current congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 67th Congress.

Medicinal Liquor Prescriptions Act of 1933

Medicinal Liquor Prescriptions Act of 1933 is a United States federal statute establishing prescription limitations for physicians possessing a permit to dispense medicinal liquor. The public law seek to abolish the use of the medicinal liquor prescription form introducing medicinal liquor revenue stamps as a substitution for official prescription blanks.

The Act of Congress amended Title II - Prohibition of Intoxicating Beverages as enacted by the National Prohibition Act of 1919. The alcohol prohibition law, better known as the Volstead Act, was amended twelve years before by the 67th United States Congress authorizing dispensary restrictions of ethyl alcohol by druggists or physicians. The public law was entitled the National Prohibition Supplemental Act of 1921.The 72nd United States Congress pursued passage of a medicinal liquor regulatory bill ahead of the March 4, 1933 Congressional session expiration. House bill 14395 went before the United States House of Representatives on February 25, 1933 resulting in a one hundred and sixty-eight to one hundred and sixty narrow margin vote.Senate bill 562 was passed by the 73rd U.S. Congress and enacted into law by the 32nd President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt on March 31, 1933.

Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act

The Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act was a 1922 act of the 67th United States Congress. Sponsored by Sen. Wesley L. Jones (R) of Washington and Rep. John F. Miller (R) of Washington. It is also often referred to as the Jones-Miller Act.

Packers and Stockyards Act

The Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921 (7 U.S.C. §§ 181-229b; P&S Act) was enacted following the release in 1919 of the Report of the Federal Trade Commission on the meatpacking industry.

Warren I. Lee

Warren Isbell Lee (February 5, 1876 – December 25, 1955) was a U.S. Representative from New York.

William H. Frankhauser

William Horace Frankhauser (March 5, 1863 – May 9, 1921) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Frankhauser was born in Wood County, Ohio and moved with his parents to Monroe, Michigan, in 1875. He attended the public schools, Michigan State Normal School (now Eastern Michigan University at Ypsilanti, Michigan, and Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. He was a school teacher for several years, studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1891. He commenced practice in Hillsdale, Michigan and became city attorney and prosecutor of Hillsdale County, 1896-1903.

Frankhauser was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 3rd congressional district to the 67th United States Congress, and served from March 4, 1921, until his death. He was in poor health and was unable to attend any sessions of congress. On May 9, 1921, while at a Sanitarium in Battle Creek, Michigan, Frankhauser committed suicide by cutting his throat with a razor blade.John M. C. Smith was elected June 28, 1921, in a special election to fill the vacancy.

Willis–Campbell Act

The Willis–Campbell Act of 1921, sponsored by Sen. Frank B. Willis (R) of Ohio and Rep. Philip P. Campbell (R) of Kansas, prohibited doctors from prescribing beer or liquor as a "drug" to treat ailments. It was commonly known as the "beer emergency bill".The Act kept in force all anti-liquor tax laws that had been in place prior to the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919, giving authorities the right to choose whether or not to prosecute offenders under prohibition laws or revenue laws, but at the same time guaranteeing bootleggers that they would not be prosecuted in both ways.

United States Congresses (and year convened)

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