67th Armored Regiment

The 67th Armor Regiment is an armored regiment in the United States Army first formed in 1929 in the Regular Army as the 67th Infantry Regiment (Medium Tanks). It first became the 67th Armor in 1940. The regiment participated in World War I, World War II, Desert Storm/Desert Shield, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Spartan Shield, Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Resolute Support, and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

67th Armor Regiment
67 Armor Rgt CoA
Coat of arms
Active1929
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeArmor
Size2 Battalions
Nickname(s)Death Dealers (1st Battalion) Hounds of Hell (3rd Battalion)
Motto(s)Mortus et Destructo (Death & destruction) Ready for War (3rd Battalion)
Anniversaries15 July 1940
Commanders
Current
commander
LTC Johnny Suttton (2017–present) (1st Battalion) LTC Justin Harper (2017-present) (3rd Battalion)
Notable
commanders
LTC Stuart M. James (2015-2017)
LTC Damon Penn (1999-2001)
LTC Robert Valdivia (2001-2003)
LTC Joe Martin (2003-2005)
LTC Patrick Donahoe (2005-2007)
LTC Kenneth Casey (2007-2009)
LTC Mike Simmering (2009-2011)
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia
67 Armor Rgt DUI
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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66th Infantry Regiment 68th Infantry Regiment

1st Battalion, 67th Armor

The 1st Battalion, 67th Armor Regiment was originally constituted on 24 March 1923 in the Regular Army as Company A, 19th Tank Battalion. It was redesignated on 1 September 1929 as Company A, 2d Tank Regiment. It converted and was redesignated 25 October 1932 as Company A, 67th Infantry (Medium Tanks). The unit activated on 5 June 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia.

The unit converted and was redesignated on 15 July 1940 as Company A, 67th Armored Regiment, an element of the 2nd Armored Division. It was reorganized and redesignated on 25 March 1946 as Company D, 6th Tank Battalion, and remained an element of the 2d Armored Division. It was redesignated on 31 January 1949 as Company D, 6th Medium Tank Battalion (the 6th Medium Tank Battalion relieved 14 July 1950 from assignment to the 2d Armored Division and reassigned 29 October 1950 to the 24th Infantry Division). It disbanded on 10 November 1951 in Korea.

The company reconstituted on 3 December 1954 in the Regular Army as Company D, 6th Tank Battalion, an element of the 24th Infantry Division, and activated on 22 December 1954 in Japan. It was relieved on 1 July 1957 from assignment to the 24th Infantry Division, and concurrently reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Medium Tank Battalion, 67th Armor, and assigned to the 2d Armored Division (with its organic elements concurrently constituted and activated).

The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 1 July 1963 as the 1st Battalion, 67th Armor. It was relieved on 21 May 1991 from assignment to the 2d Armored Division and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. It was relieved on 16 December 1992 from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division and reassigned to the 2d Armored Division.

The 1st Battalion was relieved on 16 January 1996 from assignment to the 2d Armored Division and assigned to the 4th Infantry Division.[1]

Since December 1995, the Division was thoroughly involved in the training, testing, and evaluation participating in the Division Capstone Exercise (DCX) I held at the National Training Center in the Fort Irwin Military Reservation, California in April 2001, and culminating in the DCX II held at Fort Hood, Texas, in October 2001.

In March 2003, the unit, along with the rest of 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, deployed to the Middle East for Operation Iraqi Freedom. The brigade moved up Highway 1 through Baghdad, Taji, and on to Saddam Hussein’s hometown of Tikrit, destroying resistance from Iraqi forces. The 1–67th Armor Regiment, in conjunction with other components of 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, secured and held multiple airfields and military complexes for later use by follow-on forces as far north as K2 Airfield near Bayji with all but one company of 1–67 Armor occupying FOB Scunion, which is located a short distance from Camp Freedom 1 (formerly known as Camp Warhorse). 1–67 Armor redeployed to Fort Hood with the rest of the 4th Infantry Division in April 2004.

1–67 Armor served a second tour of duty in Iraq from November 2005 to November 2006. The 1st Battalion – 67th Armor Regiment of 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, was operating out of Forward Operating Base Iskandariyah, located at the Musayyib power plant near the city of Musayyib, Iraq. The unit's mission, along with that of the 2nd Brigade, was to train Iraqi Security Forces to conduct operations independent of coalition assistance. 1–67 Armor Regiment was charged with patrolling, alongside Iraqi police and Army forces, the cities of Karbala, Musayyib and Jurf as Sakhr. During this tour, the battalion conducted a wide range of missions in support of OIF 05-07. These missions included stability operations, counterinsurgency, foreign defense, and high intensity combat operations.

On 22 July 2006, the battalion fought the largest combat operation of the 4th Infantry Division's OIF 05-07 deployment.[2] Members of the Mahdi Army ambushed D Company's 2nd Platoon, led by LT Ryan Kelley, in Musayyib. As the patrol fought its way out of the center of the city under heavy machine gun, rifle, and RPG fire, the battalion gathered combat power and moved from multiple locations to counter-attack into the city. Once the ambushed patrol made it out of the city, the battalion counter-attacked the Mahdi Army to seize the main mosque in Musayyib. Delta Company, led by CPT Irvin Oliver, 1–67 Armor led the battalion counterattack into the city on the east side of the Euphrates river while Alpha Company, led by CPT Bradley Maryoka, with a section from Delta Company, attacked in support from the west side of the Euphrates. Bravo Company, led by the Company Executive Officer, CPT Barry Wiley, followed Delta on the eastern side of the river and attacked into the center of the city along an axis west of Delta's advance. The Battalion TAC, with LTC Patrick Donahoe, the battalion commander, and CSM Earnest Barnett, the battalion command sergeant major, moved to the Tahir Iraqi Police Station west of the Route Cleveland bridge over the Euphrates where Iraqi Police Commanding General, General Qais joined the battalion commander. The 2nd Brigade/4th ID Commander, COL John Tully, also moved to the Tahir Iraqi Police Station. General Qais brought the highly trained Iraqi Police unit, "Hillah SWAT" with him and employed them with 1–67 AR specifically to clear the mosque at the center of Musayyib. Elements of the Iraqi 2nd Battalion, 4th Brigade, 8th Iraqi Division joined in the attack, successfully seizing the mosque and killing 33 militiamen. 1–67 Armor suffered no casualties, but 2/4/8 Iraqi Army had one soldier killed by enemy fire. The fight lasted over 8 hours. After the end of the fighting the battalion commander met with the city's leadership at the District Council building in Mussayib, including Themar Theban, the political leader of the Office of the Martyr Sadr.[3] After their redeployment to Fort Hood, 1-67 AR and the entirety 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division was relocated to Fort Carson, Colorado as a part of a wider Army restructuring.

On April 10, 2009, five soldiers assigned to the 1st Battalion, 67th Armor Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division of Fort Carson, Colo., were killed by an suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive in Mosul, Iraq.The Department of Defense said the bomber driving a truck detonated a ton of explosives near an Iraqi police headquarters, killing the men. Two Iraqi policemen also were killed in the mid-morning blast near the Iraqi National Police headquarters. At least 62 people, including one American soldier and 27 civilians, were wounded, officials said. The casualties were Cpl. Jason G. Pautsch, 20, of Davenport, Iowa, who was serving his first tour in Iraq, the other deceased soldiers were Staff Sgt. Gary L. Woods Jr., 24, of Lebanon Junction, Ky., an armored vehicle crewman who was a decorated nine-year veteran of the Army on his third tour in Iraq; Staff Sgt. Bryan E. Hall, 25, of Elk Grove, Calif., a decorated infantryman who was a 13-year veteran of the Army; Sgt. Edward W. Forrest Jr., 25, of St. Louis, a five-year veteran infantryman serving his second tour; and Private Second Class Bryce E. Gautier, 22, of Cypress, Calif., a medic deployed to Iraq in January on his first tour.

In 2011, 1-67 Armor deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom XI. The Death Dealer Battalion was deployed from May 2011 until April 2012. During that tour, the Death Dealers focused on improving security, governance and development in the Arghandab River Valley in RC-South, Afghanistan.[4]

After 1-67 AR's redeployment from Afghanistan, the unit quickly reset and retrained and in October 2013, deployed to Kuwait in Support of Operation Spartan Shield. The majority of the battalion served in direct support of Operation Enduring Freedom.

2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division was deactivated on 15 January 2015. 1-67 AR was the only battalion to be reactivated from 2nd Brigade/4ID. 1-67 Armor officially stood up on 1 May 2015 at Fort Bliss, Texas under 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division.

On 1 June 2015, 1-67 Armor was reactivated under 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, Fort Bliss, Texas. From October 2015 to April 2016, the Death Dealers went through a rigorous training program to prepare them for a National Training Center rotation (NTC 16-05) and subsequent deployment in support of Operation Spartan Shield.

In June 2016, 1-67 Armor deployed to Kuwait in support of Operation Spartan Shield. The Death Dealers sent elements forward to Iraq in support of Operation Inherent Resolve. This element was tasked with advising, assisting and enabling the 9th Iraqi Army Division to recapture territory in Northern Iraq that was previously lost to ISIL. Over the course of 9 months elements of 1-67 Armor contributed to the clearance of over 250 sq KM of the Saladin Governorate and participated in the Mosul Offensive.

Simultaneously, while elements of the Death Dealer Battalion were involved in the Mosul Offensive, the unit's rifle company aptly named "Commando" deployed in support of Operation Freedom's Sentinel was called upon by the 101st Airborne Division's 3rd Brigade Combat Team "Rakkasans", to secure regions of Afghanistan that had not seen U.S. Forces in almost 4 years. The company spent an unprecedented 46 days working alongside Special Operations Forces from the United States, Poland, and Romania and the Texas Army National Guard as a part of Task Force "Rak Solid" in the Uruzgan Province, securing a small airstrip just outside of the remote village of Tarin Kot, 120 kilometers away from the nearest base, while tasked as part of an Expeditionary Advisor Package.[5]

3rd Battalion, 67th Armor

The 3rd Battalion, 67th Armored Regiment officially reactivated at Fort Stewart, Georgia on 16 October, 2017 as part of 2/3 ID's conversation from an Infantry Brigade Combat Team to an Armored Brigade Combat Team. The official ceremony uncasing 3-67 Armor occurred on 20 October 2016. 3-67 Armor last served as an active unit in 2008 when it was inactivated as part of an Army wide reorganization and reflagged to 2-12 CAV. 3-67 Armor deployed twice as part of the 4th Infantry Division in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom including OIF I and OIF 03 - 04 and 05-07 before inactivation.

Regimental lineage

Constituted 1 September 1929 in the Regular Army as the 2d Tank Regiment and organized (with only the 2d Battalion active) from new and existing units as follows:

  • Regimental Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, and Band constituted in the Regular Army
  • 19th Tank Battalion (constituted 24 March 1923 in the Regular Army) redesignated as the 1st Battalion
  • 17th Tank Battalion (organized in 1918 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company and Company B, 1st Separate Battalion, Heavy Tank Service, 65th Engineers; and Headquarters and Headquarters Company and Companies A and B, 303d Battalion, Tank Corps) reorganized and redesignated as the 2d Battalion
  • 22d Tank Maintenance Company (organized 18 July 1918 as the 306th Repair and Salvage Company, Tank Corps) redesignated as the Service Company

(2d Battalion [less Company F] inactivated 15 September 1931 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland)

2d Tank Regiment converted and redesignated 25 October 1932 as the 67th Infantry (Medium Tanks)

(Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, and Company D, 67th Infantry [Medium Tanks], activated 1 October 1939 at Fort Benning, Georgia; Regimental Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Band, 1st Battalion, Company E, and 3d Battalion, 67th Infantry [Medium Tanks], activated 5 June 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia)

Converted and redesignated 15 July 1940 as the 67th Armored Regiment and assigned to the 2d Armored Division

Regiment broken up 25 March 1946 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as elements of the 2d Armored Division as follows:

  • Regimental Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, and Company D as the 67th Tank Battalion
  • Companies A and C as Companies D and C, 6th Tank Battalion, respectively (remainder of 6th Tank Battalion organized from elements of the 66th Armored Regiment)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Companies, 1st and 2d Battalions; Companies B, E, and F; the Maintenance and Service Companies and Band, disbanded

After 25 March 1946 the above units underwent changes as follows:

67th Tank Battalion
  • 67th Tank Battalion redesignated 11 October 1948 as the 67th Medium Tank Battalion
  • Redesignated 1 April 1953 as the 67th Tank Battalion
  • Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 2d Armored Division
Company C, 6th Tank Battalion
  • Company C, 6th Tank Battalion, redesignated 31 January 1949 as Company C, 6th Medium Tank Battalion
  • (6th Medium Tank Battalion relieved 14 July 1950 from assignment to the 2d Armored Division; assigned 29 October 1950 to the 24th Infantry Division)
  • Redesignated 10 November 1951 as Company C, 6th Tank Battalion
  • Inactivated 5 June 1958 in Korea and relieved from assignment to the 24th Infantry Division
HHC and support units
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Companies, 1st and 2d Battalions; Companies B, E, and F; and Maintenance and Service Companies, 67th Armored Regiment, reconstituted 6 February 1947 in the Organized Reserves as the 321st Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron
  • Activated 21 February 1947 at Boston, Massachusetts
  • Reorganized and redesignated 21 October 1948 as the 1st Battalion, 304th Armored Cavalry
  • Inactivated 31 July 1950 at Boston, Massachusetts
  • Withdrawn 17 August 1950 from the Organized Reserve Corps, redesignated (less the Assault Gun and Tank Companies) as the 57th Medium Tank Battalion, and allotted to the Regular Army
  • Assigned 20 October 1950 to the 2d Armored Division
  • Activated 10 November 1950 at Fort Hood, Texas

Reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1953 as the 57th Tank Battalion Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 2d Armored Division

57th and 67th Tank Battalions, and Company D, 6th Tank Battalion, consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated 1 July 1957 as the 67th Armor, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System.

Campaign participation credit

World War I: Somme Offensive

World War II': Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead); Sicily (with arrowhead); Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe

Southwest Asia: Defense of Saudi Arabia; Liberation and Defense of Kuwait; Cease-Fire

Operation Iraqi Freedom

Decorations

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered NORMANDY
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered SIEGFRIED LINE
  • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered IRAQ-KUWAIT
  • Navy Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered SAUDI ARABIA-KUWAIT
  • Belgian Fourragere 1940
    • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in BELGIUM
    • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the ARDENNES

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "67th Armor Lineage and Honors".

  1. ^ "Lineage and Honors of the 1st Battalion, 67th Armor". United States Army Center of Military History. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  2. ^ Multi-National Force – Iraq Press Release, 28 July 2006 [1]
  3. ^ MNF-I Press Release
  4. ^ https://www.dvidshub.net/news/72781/dealers-begin-mission-arghandab-district
  5. ^ Molina, Eliodoro (10 February 2017). "1-67 Armor bridges the gap". United States Army. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
304th Armored Cavalry Regiment

The 304th Armored Cavalry Regiment (304th ACR) was a Massachusetts-based reconnaissance unit of the United States Army Organized Reserve Corps, which briefly existed after World War II. It was constituted in 1948 and partially organized from existing units before being inactivated in 1950 and disbanded in 1952.

3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division (United States)

The 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division is an Armored Brigade Combat Team of the United States Army, stationed at Fort Bliss, TX. First organized in 1944, as Reserve Command, 1st Armored Division, the unit fought in Italy in World War 2, in Operation Desert Storm and in Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom. The brigade has been stationed at Forts Hood and Bliss, Texas; Fort Riley, Kansas; Fort Lewis, Washington; and in Germany.

4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division (United States)

The 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division is an inactive brigade of the United States Army. Between 1975 and 1984, the brigade served at Fort Carson, CO, and in Germany. The brigade was reactivated in 2004, and deployed four times in support of the War on Terror, once to Iraq and three times to Afghanistan, before being inactivated in 2015.

66th Armor Regiment

The 66th Armor Regiment is the oldest armored unit in the United States Army (see Iron Knights: the United States 66th Armored Regiment, by Maj. Gordon A. Blaker), tracing its lineage to the 301st Tank Battalion which served with distinction soon after it was formed in the First World War; the 301st trained at Camp Meade, MD, where then Cpt. Dwight D. Eisenhower was an instructor. It has often been rumored that the 301st, the parent unit of the 66th, was first commanded by Col. George S. Patton, but this appears not to have been the case; while Patton was the first officer assigned to the Tank Corps, and while the 301st Tank Battalion was the first unit formed, Patton went nearly immediately to France to train Americans attached to Allied commands. The 301st was the only American heavy tank battalion to have seen action in the war. After the war, the 301st transitioned in the Regular Army to become the 66th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks) by way of the 16th Tank Battalion.

67th Regiment

67th Regiment or 67th Infantry Regiment may refer to:

67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot, an infantry unit of the British Army

67th Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Ottoman Empire during World War I which fought at the Battle of Beersheba (1917)

67th Armored Regiment, a armoured unit of the US ArmyAmerican Civil War67th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

67th Indiana Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

67th New York Infantry, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

67th Ohio Infantry, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

67th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

78th Field Artillery Regiment

The 78th Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army. Initially activated on 1 July 1916, the 78th Field Artillery Battalion did not see action in World War I, but would later be reactivated at the start of World War II and participate in the campaigns for Algeria-French Morocco, Sicily, Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe, and the Rhineland with the 2d Armored Division. The 78th Artillery Battalion's six batteries were reorganized into separate battalions in 1957, with the 1st Battalion, 78th Field Artillery being the only remaining active unit of the 78th Field Artillery. The 1st Battalion, 78th Field Artillery is assigned to the 428th Field Artillery Brigade, supporting the Fires Center of Excellence mission through the conduct of Initial Entry Training in order to provide the Army with combat ready Field Artillery Soldiers. The 1st Battalion, 78th Field Artillery conducts Advanced Individual Training for the 13-series (Field Artillery) Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) of 13B (Cannon Crewmember), 13F (Joint Fire Support Specialist), 13J (Field Artillery Automated Tactical Data System Specialist), 13M (Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember), and 13R (Firefinder Radar Operator).

Camp War Eagle

Camp War Eagle was the name of the United States Army camp located at the northeast corner of the Baghdad slum known as Sadr City. It was established in May 2003 by 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment (known as the War Eagles) and B Company, 2nd Battalion, 37th Armor Regiment which is an element of 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division. War Eagle was located on the site of a pre-war Iraqi Army base, and as such was walled and somewhat suited for use as a forward operating base.

Some of the first battles with the Mahdi Army were fought out of this camp in early 2004. The camp's mascot, Billy the goat, was found murdered in a shipping container in early 2004.

Soldiers from the 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division including 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment and Bravo Company 20th Engineer Battalion (United States), were stationed at Camp War Eagle and fought against the Shia militia of Muqtada al Sadr known as the Mahdi Army during the uprising which began April 4, 2004.

The troops of Task Force Lancer's (2-5 Cav, C1-82FA, and B/1-12 Cav) and Task Force Charger's (1-12 Cav, B/2-5IN, B/20E) stay at War Eagle (March '04-05') was one of the deadliest periods in the Iraq war.

On April 4, 2004, this was the launch point for what was to be named "Black Sunday". During the six-hour night battle, 8 were killed and 60+ were wounded. This initial fight would go on for 10 days. It was during this time that Casey Sheehan was killed. Cindy Sheehan, his mother, would use her son's death to protest the war in Iraq.

On Mothers' Day, 2004 also known as "The Day of Steel Rain", Camp War Eagle was attacked with approximately 100+ detonated mortar rounds and rockets raining down inside the camp in a 24-hour period.

It was renamed Camp Hope in early 2005.

On March 10, 2006, the camp, then known as Forward Operating Base (FOB) Hope, was transferred from Multi-National Division – Baghdad control to the Iraqi Army. Specifically, 3rd Battalion, 67th Armored Regiment, 101st Airborne Division handed over control to 3rd Battalion, 2nd Brigade ("The Tiger Brigade"), 6th Iraqi Army Division.

Charles J. Girard

Charles J. Girard (July 23, 1917 – January 17, 1970) was a brigadier general in the United States Army. Assigned to head the Capital Military Assistance Command in Saigon in November 1969, he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage two months later, becoming one of the highest-ranking American officers to die in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.

A native of Sumter, South Carolina and a graduate of The Citadel, Girard taught school and served in the Army Reserve prior to World War II. During the war he took part in combat throughout Africa and Europe, and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel as commander of the 82nd Armored Reconnaissance Battalion. He remained in the Army after the war, and continued to serve in combat and training assignments, primarily in the Armor branch.

During the Vietnam War, Girard was Deputy Commander of the Capital Military Assistance Command (CMAC) in Saigon (March-November 1969). In November, he was appointed as CMAC's commander. In January 1970, Girard died from a cerebral hemorrhage while still serving in South Vietnam; he was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Distinguished Service Cross (United States)

The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Army (and previously the United States Air Force), for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions that merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree that they are above those required for all other U.S. combat decorations but do not meet the criteria for the Medal of Honor. The Distinguished Service Cross is equivalent to the Navy Cross (Navy and Marine Corps), the Air Force Cross (Air Force), and the Coast Guard Cross (Coast Guard).

The Distinguished Service Cross was first awarded during World War I. In addition, a number of awards were made for actions before World War I. In many cases, these were to soldiers who had received a Certificate of Merit for gallantry which, at the time, was the only other honor for gallantry the Army could award, or recommend a Medal of Honor. Others were belated recognition of actions in the Philippines, during the Boxer Rebellion and on the Mexican Border.

The Distinguished Service Cross is distinct from the Distinguished Service Medal, which is awarded to persons in recognition of exceptionally meritorious service to the government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility. The Distinguished Service Cross is only awarded for actions in combat, while the Distinguished Service Medal has no such restriction.

Douglass T. Greene

Douglass Taft Greene (April 23, 1891 – June 16, 1964) was a Major General in the United States Army during World War II. He served as Commanding General of the 16th Armored Division and the 12th Armored Division during their training in the United States. Despite being an officer during both World War I and World War II, he never held a combat command, and was assigned to active duty positions within the continental United States during both wars.

James F. Hollingsworth

James Francis Hollingsworth (March 24, 1918 – March 2, 2010) was a United States Army lieutenant general.

Martin Dempsey

Martin Edward Dempsey (born March 14, 1952), sometimes known as Marty Dempsey, is a retired United States Army general who served as the 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 2011 until September 25, 2015. He previously served as the 37th Chief of Staff of the Army from April 11, 2011, to September 7, 2011. Prior to that, he served as Commanding General, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, from December 8, 2008, to April 11, 2011, as Acting Commander, U.S. Central Command, from March 24, 2008, to October 30, 2008, as Deputy Commander, U.S. Central Command, from August 2007 to March 23, 2008, and as Commanding General, Multi-National Security Transition Command – Iraq (MNSTC-I), from August 2005 to August 2007. Dempsey assumed his assignment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1, 2011 and stepped down from the Chairmanship on September 25, 2015. He now serves as a professor at Duke University.

Operation Husky order of battle

Operation Husky Order of Battle is a listing of the significant

military and air force units that were involved in the campaign for Sicily,

July 10 – August 17, 1943.

Operation Torch

Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942) was an Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War. It was aimed at reducing pressure on Allied forces in Egypt, and enabling an invasion of Southern Europe. It also provided the ‘second front’ which the Soviet Union had been requesting since it was invaded by the Germans in 1941. The region was dominated by the Vichy French, officially Nazi-controlled, but with mixed loyalties, and reports indicated that they might support the Allied initiative. The American General Dwight D. Eisenhower, commanding the operation, planned a 3-pronged attack, aimed at Casablanca (Western), Oran (Center) and Algiers (Eastern), in advance of a rapid move on Tunis.

The Western Task Force encountered unexpected resistance, as well as bad weather, but Casablanca, the principal French Atlantic naval base, was captured after a short siege. The Center Task Force suffered some damage to its fleet, trying to land in shallow water, but the enemy ships were sunk or driven off, and Oran surrendered after heavy fire from British battleships. The Eastern Task Force met less opposition because the French Resistance had staged a coup in Algiers, and the Allies were able to push inland and compel surrender on the first day.

The success of Torch caused the commander of French forces in the region, Admiral Darlan, to order full co-operation with the Allies, in return for being retained as High Commissioner, with many Vichy officials keeping their jobs. But Darlan was assassinated soon after, and De Gaulle’s Free French gradually came to dominate the government.

Operation Torch was the first mass involvement of US troops in the European–North African Theatre, and saw the first major airborne assault carried out anywhere by the United States.

Robert W. Cone

Robert William Cone (March 19, 1957 – September 19, 2016) was a United States Army four-star general who last served as the commanding general of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. He assumed command of TRADOC on 29 April 2011. He previously served as the commander of Fort Hood and III Corps on 22 September 2009 where he also deployed to Iraq in February 2010, and served as the Deputy Commanding General for Operations, United States Forces – Iraq, until February 2011. Prior to that, he served as the Special Assistant to the Commanding General of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command in Fort Monroe, VA. He retired in 2014.

U.S. Army Regimental System

The United States Army Regimental System (USARS) was established in 1981 to replace the Combat Arms Regimental System, to provide each soldier with continuous identification with a single regiment, and to increase a soldier's probability of serving recurring assignments with his or her regiment. The USARS was intended to enhance combat effectiveness by providing the opportunity for a regimental affiliation, thus obtaining some of the benefits of the traditional regimental system.

USS William P. Biddle (APA-8)

USS William P. Biddle (APA-8) was a Heywood-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II.

Initially laid-down for the British government as War Surf, the ship that ultimately became known as William P. Biddle was completed in 1919 as the single-screw, steel-hulled freighter Eclipse. Built by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, of Alameda, California, under a United States Shipping Board contract, the former War Surf was requisitioned by the United States government before she was delivered to the United Kingdom and thus never actually carried her British name.

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