658

Year 658 (DCLVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 658 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
658 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar658
DCLVIII
Ab urbe condita1411
Armenian calendar107
ԹՎ ՃԷ
Assyrian calendar5408
Balinese saka calendar579–580
Bengali calendar65
Berber calendar1608
Buddhist calendar1202
Burmese calendar20
Byzantine calendar6166–6167
Chinese calendar丁巳(Fire Snake)
3354 or 3294
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
3355 or 3295
Coptic calendar374–375
Discordian calendar1824
Ethiopian calendar650–651
Hebrew calendar4418–4419
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat714–715
 - Shaka Samvat579–580
 - Kali Yuga3758–3759
Holocene calendar10658
Iranian calendar36–37
Islamic calendar37–38
Japanese calendarN/A
Javanese calendar549–550
Julian calendar658
DCLVIII
Korean calendar2991
Minguo calendar1254 before ROC
民前1254年
Nanakshahi calendar−810
Seleucid era969/970 AG
Thai solar calendar1200–1201
Tibetan calendar阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
784 or 403 or −369
    — to —
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
785 or 404 or −368
Jajang-monk
Painting of Jajang (590–658)

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Europe

Britain

Asia

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Bede, "Ecclesiastical History", Book II, Chapter 24
600 (number)

600 (six hundred) is the natural number following 599 and preceding 601.

Area codes 876 and 658

Area codes 876 and 658 are the local telephone area codes of Jamaica. The first area code, 876, was created during a split from the original 809 area code. Permissive dialing began 1 May 1997 and ended 1 May 1998.

Area code 876 serves the country’s two mobile operators – Cable and Wireless/Liberty Global (marketed as FLOW Jamaica) and Digicel. Also served by area code 876 is the country's main landline provider, FLOW, as well as other smaller landline players like Digicel (which provides landline over its fibre network called Digicel Play).

The area code (876) is not a toll-free number and calls from any other area code are billed at international long distance rates.

Local calls within Jamaica were seven digits until 29 October 2018. After that, local calls (landline & cellular) now require require 10 digits to be dialed. This accommodates the introduction of a new area code (658) as the existing area code (876) nears depletion.

Calls outside Jamaica to the US and Canada are typically heavily discounted. FLOW Jamaica charges $2.99 JMD or $0.02 USD per minute for calls to all numbers in the USA and Canada as standard. The rate goes lower to $1.99 JMD or 1 cent USD for postpaid subscribers or those with an active data plan. Digicel charges similar rates as well but standard rates are around $17.70 JMD or $0.14 USD per minute without an international calling plan.

Calls to Jamaica from anywhere in the NANP area are 1-658/876 + seven digit phone number.

Jamaica expanded to 10-digit dialling, for local telephone calls on 30 October 2018. This is as a result of Jamaica's new area code assignment of 658.

Camaçari

Camaçari is a city in Bahia, Brazil. It is located at 12°41′51″S 38°19′27″W. It is part of the Salvador Metropolitan Region (Região Metropolitana de Salvador), being the industrial city of the metropolis. Camaçari covers 784.658 km2 (302.958 sq mi), and had an estimated population of 292,074 in 2014, with a population density of 370 per square kilometer. The municipality consists of three districts: Camaçari, Abrantes, and Monte Gordo.

Diesel engine

The Diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber, is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to the mechanical compression (adiabatic compression). Diesel engines work by compressing only the air. This increases the air temperature inside the cylinder to such a high degree that atomised Diesel fuel injected into the combustion chamber ignites spontaneously. With the fuel being injected into the air just before combustion, the dispersion of the fuel is uneven; this is called a heterogenous air-fuel mixture. The process of mixing air and fuel happens almost entirely during combustion, the oxygen diffuses into the flame, which means that the Diesel engine operates with a diffusion flame. The torque a Diesel engine produces is controlled by manipulating the air ratio; this means, that instead of throttling the intake air, the Diesel engine relies on altering the amount of fuel that is injected, and the air ratio is usually high.

The Diesel engine has the highest thermal efficiency (engine efficiency) of any practical internal or external combustion engine due to its very high expansion ratio and inherent lean burn which enables heat dissipation by the excess air. A small efficiency loss is also avoided compared with two-stroke non-direct-injection gasoline engines since unburned fuel is not present at valve overlap and therefore no fuel goes directly from the intake/injection to the exhaust. Low-speed Diesel engines (as used in ships and other applications where overall engine weight is relatively unimportant) can reach effective efficiencies of up to 55%.Diesel engines may be designed as either two-stroke or four-stroke cycles. They were originally used as a more efficient replacement for stationary steam engines. Since the 1910s they have been used in submarines and ships. Use in locomotives, trucks, heavy equipment and electricity generation plants followed later. In the 1930s, they slowly began to be used in a few automobiles. Since the 1970s, the use of Diesel engines in larger on-road and off-road vehicles in the US has increased. According to Konrad Reif, the EU average for Diesel cars accounts for 50% of the total newly registered.The world's largest Diesel engines put in service are 14-cylinder, two-stroke watercraft Diesel engines; they produce a peak power of almost 100 MW each.

German submarine U-658

German submarine U-658 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

She was laid down on 15 November 1940 by Howaldtswerke, Hamburg as yard number 807, launched on 11 September 1941 and commissioned on 5 November 1941 under Kapitänleutnant Hans Senkel.

LP 658-2

LP 658-2 is a degenerate (white dwarf) star in the constellation of Orion, the single known object in its system. It has an apparent visual magnitude of approximately 14.488.

List of Afghan detainees at Guantanamo Bay

According to the United States Department of Defense, it held more than two hundred Afghan detainees in Guantanamo prior to May 15, 2006. They had been captured and classified as enemy combatants in warfare following the US and allies invasion of Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban and disrupt terrorist networks. Originally, the US held such prisoners in sites in Afghanistan, but needed a facility to detain them where they could be interrogated. It opened the Guantanamo Bay detention camp on January 11, 2002, and transported the enemy combatants there.The United States Supreme Court's ruled in Rasul v. Bush (2004) that the detainees had the right of habeas corpus to challenge their detention under the US Constitution. That summer, the Department of Defense stopped transferring detained men to Guantanamo. On September 6, 2006, United States President George W. Bush announced the transfer of 14 high value detainees to Guantanamo, including several Afghans. Other Afghans have been transferred to the camp since then.

List of state highways in Louisiana (650–699)

The following is a list of state highways in the U.S. state of Louisiana designated in the 650–699 range.

List of state highways in Maryland shorter than one mile (2–699)

The following is a list of state highways in Maryland shorter than one mile (1.6 km) in length with route numbers between 2 and 699. Most of these highways act as service roads, old alignments of more prominent highways, or connectors between one or more highways. Many of these highways are unsigned and have multiple segments with the same number. Several of these highways have their own articles; those highways are summarized here and a link is provided to the main article. This list does not include highways where at least one highway of that number is at least one mile in length. All highways at least one mile in length have their own article. The highways shorter than one mile with the same number are covered in the main article for the highway.

Monell v. Department of Social Services of the City of New York

Monell v. Department of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658 (1978), is an opinion given by the United States Supreme Court in which the Court overruled Monroe v. Pape in holding that a local government is a "person" subject to suit under Section 1983 of Title 42 of the United States Code: Civil action for deprivation of rights. Additionally, the Court held that §1983 claims against municipal entities must be based on implementation of a policy or custom.

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-658

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-658 is a PT-625-class Higgins 78-foot (24 m) PT boat, built for the United States Navy during World War II. PT-658 is a prime example of US Navy Motor Torpedo Boat development during World War II. PT-658 was in the last group of four boats delivered from the 36-boat contract NObs-1680, October 1944 for PT-625 to PT-660. Delivered and accepted on July 31, 1945, she was fitted with all of the latest armaments and design modifications as a result of lessons learned from previous contracts and battlefield experience. In this way, PT-658 is a showcase of the final form that Motor Torpedo Boats would take by the end of World War II. PT-658 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 4, 2012. Of three PT boats listed on the National Register, she is one of 2 maintained in operating condition.

No. 658 Squadron RAF

No. 658 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Air Observation Post squadron associated with the 21st Army Group during World War II. No.s 651 to 663 Squadrons of the RAF were Air Observation Post units working closely with Army units in artillery spotting and liaison. A further three of these squadrons, Nos. 664 to 666, were manned with Canadian personnel.

Ontario Highway 658

Secondary Highway 658, commonly referred to as Highway 658, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway extends 29 kilometres (18 mi) between the city of Kenora and the community of Redditt. For a decade, Highway 658 was numbered as Highway 666, leading to numerous sign thefts and a petition by members of a church on the route. This petition eventually led to the route being renumbered in late 1985.

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 658

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 658 (P. Oxy. 658 or P. Oxy. IV 658) is one of four examples of libelli found at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt. The last lines of the manuscript declare the date — the first year of the emperor Decius, whose full name was Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius. We know the first year of his reign was 250 AD.

Rowes, California

Rowes is a former settlement in Mendocino County, California. It lay at an elevation of 2159 feet (658 m). Rowes still appeared on maps as of 1948.

Samo

Samo founded the first recorded political union of Slavic tribes, known as Samo's Empire (realm, kingdom, or tribal union), stretching from Silesia to present-day Slovenia, ruling from 623 until his death in 658. According to Fredegarius, the only contemporary source, Samo was a Frankish merchant who unified several Slavic tribes against robber raids and violence by nearby settled Avars, showing such bravery and command skills in battle that he was elected as the "Slavic king" (Latin: Rex Sclavorum). In 631, Samo successfully defended his realm against the Frankish Kingdom in the three-day Battle of Wogastisburg.

Saskatchewan Highway 658

Saskatchewan Highway 658 connects Saskatchewan Highway 4 near Red Pheasant Indian Reserve 108 to SK Hwy 4 near Battleford. Highway 658 travels around Mosquito Indian Reserve 109, whereas Highway 4 travels north through the Indian Reserve. To the north of Mosquito Indian Reserve 109 is Grizzly Bear's Head and Lean Man Indian Reserve. The centre of Battleford is 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from the Highway 658 Highway 4 junction. The length of Highway 658 is 41.2 kilometres (25.6 mi).

USS Colahan (DD-658)

USS Colahan (DD-658) was a Fletcher-class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Commander Charles E. Colahan (1849–1904).

Colahan was launched on 3 May 1943 by Bethlehem Steel Co., Staten Island, N.Y., sponsored by Mrs. P. C. Hinkamp, adopted granddaughter of Commander Colahan; and commissioned on 23 August 1943, Lieutenant Commander D. T. Wilber in command.

Virginia State Route 658

State Route 658 (SR 658) in the U.S. state of Virginia is a secondary route designation applied to multiple discontinuous road segments among the many counties. The list below describes the sections in each county that are designated SR 658.

Whigs (British political party)

The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Between the 1680s and 1850s, they contested power with their rivals, the Tories. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute monarchy. The Whigs played a central role in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and were the standing enemies of the Stuart kings and pretenders, who were Roman Catholic. The Whigs took full control of the government in 1715 and remained totally dominant until King George III, coming to the throne in 1760, allowed Tories back in. The Whig Supremacy (1715–1760) was enabled by the Hanoverian succession of George I in 1714 and the failed Jacobite rising of 1715 by Tory rebels. The Whigs thoroughly purged the Tories from all major positions in government, the army, the Church of England, the legal profession and local offices. The Party's hold on power was so strong and durable, historians call the period from roughly 1714 to 1783 the age of the Whig Oligarchy. The first great leader of the Whigs was Robert Walpole, who maintained control of the government through the period 1721–1742 and whose protégé Henry Pelham led from 1743 to 1754.

Both parties began as loose groupings or tendencies, but became quite formal by 1784 with the ascension of Charles James Fox as the leader of a reconstituted Whig Party, arrayed against the governing party of the new Tories under William Pitt the Younger. Both parties were founded on rich politicians more than on popular votes, and there were elections to the House of Commons, but a small number of men controlled most of the voters.

The Whig Party slowly evolved during the 18th century. The Whig tendency supported the great aristocratic families, the Protestant Hanoverian succession and toleration for nonconformist Protestants (the dissenters, such as Presbyterians), while some Tories supported the exiled Stuart royal family's claim to the throne (Jacobitism) and virtually all Tories supported the established Church of England and the gentry. Later on, the Whigs drew support from the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories drew support from the landed interests and the royal family. However, by the first half of the 19th century the Whig political programme came to encompass not only the supremacy of parliament over the monarch and support for free trade, but Catholic emancipation, the abolition of slavery and expansion of the franchise (suffrage). The 19th century Whig support for Catholic emancipation was a complete reversal of the party's historic sharply anti-Catholic position at its late 17th century origin.

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