651

Year 651 (DCLI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 651 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
651 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar651
DCLI
Ab urbe condita1404
Armenian calendar100
ԹՎ Ճ
Assyrian calendar5401
Balinese saka calendar572–573
Bengali calendar58
Berber calendar1601
Buddhist calendar1195
Burmese calendar13
Byzantine calendar6159–6160
Chinese calendar庚戌(Metal Dog)
3347 or 3287
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3348 or 3288
Coptic calendar367–368
Discordian calendar1817
Ethiopian calendar643–644
Hebrew calendar4411–4412
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat707–708
 - Shaka Samvat572–573
 - Kali Yuga3751–3752
Holocene calendar10651
Iranian calendar29–30
Islamic calendar30–31
Japanese calendarHakuchi 2
(白雉2年)
Javanese calendar542–543
Julian calendar651
DCLI
Korean calendar2984
Minguo calendar1261 before ROC
民前1261年
Nanakshahi calendar−817
Seleucid era962/963 AG
Thai solar calendar1193–1194
Tibetan calendar阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
777 or 396 or −376
    — to —
阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
778 or 397 or −375

Events

By place

Europe

Britain

Persia

Arabian Empire

By topic

Religion

Births

  • Li Ssu-Hsun, Chinese painter (d. 716)

Deaths

600 (number)

600 (six hundred) is the natural number following 599 and preceding 601.

Aidan of Lindisfarne

Aidan of Lindisfarne Irish: Naomh Aodhán (died 31 August 651) was an Irish monk and missionary credited with restoring Christianity to Northumbria. He founded a monastic cathedral on the island of Lindisfarne, known as Lindisfarne Priory, served as its first bishop, and travelled ceaselessly throughout the countryside, spreading the gospel to both the Anglo-Saxon nobility and to the socially disenfranchised (including children and slaves).

He is known as the Apostle of Northumbria and is recognised as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox, the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others.

Area code 320

Area code 320 is the telephone numbering plan code covering most of central Minnesota. It was the fourth Minnesota area code, and the first new one in the state in 42 years. It was created in 1996 when it was carved out of the western portion of area code 612, which originally stretched border-to-border from Wisconsin through the Twin Cities to South Dakota. The Twin Cities region retained 612, with the 320 area including the communities of St. Cloud, Alexandria, and Willmar.

More recently, the 612 area shrunk to include only Minneapolis and a few inner suburbs. 320 now borders every Minnesota area code, except 612. Area code 651 split from 612 in 1998. The 651 area borders Wisconsin, while the area codes 763 and 952 were split from 612 in 2000. Area code 218 borders 320 to the north, and area code 507 covers southern Minnesota.

Area code 507

Area code 507 is the telephone numbering plan code for the southern fifth of Minnesota, including cities such as Rochester, Mankato, Worthington, Fairmont, Albert Lea, and Austin. It was the third area code created for use in the state in 1954, following the original 218 and 612. It was created from the southwestern portion of 218 and the southern portion of 612.

In the original 1947 plan, area codes containing "0" (zero) as a middle digit were only assigned to states that were entirely covered by a single area code. Area code 507, along with area code 606 in Kentucky and area code 607 in New York, were the first area codes with a middle digit of "0" to be assigned to states that were covered by more than one area code.

The region was directly bordered by 612 (to the north) until that area code was divided in the 1990s. The western half of 507 bordered area code 320 starting in 1996, and then later came to border also area code 651 (1998) and area code 952 (2000). The northern border of 507 was modified slightly so that expanding communities in and near the Twin Cities would be more closely linked with that region by telephone. 612 has now shrunk down to include just Minneapolis and a few surrounding suburbs, and no longer borders 507.

Area code 651

Area code 651 is the telephone numbering plan code for Saint Paul, Minnesota, and the eastern suburbs of the Twin Cities. A dogleg portion also extends to the southeast along the Mississippi River to include cities such as Hastings. The region was the fifth area code created in the state in 1998, when it was carved out of area code 612. The dividing line largely follows the Mississippi River; generally, all of the metropolitan area east of the river transferred to 651. An exception is the eastern half of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities' campus, located in Falcon Heights. Due to an integrated telephone system serving both the Falcon Heights campus and the main campus in Minneapolis, the entire U of M remained in 612 after the 1998 split.

The area code splits in the Twin Cities are unusual because they split along municipal, rather than central office, boundaries. This led to a sizeable number of exchanges being divided between two area codes, and a few being divided among three.

The four Twin Cities area codes (612, 651, 763 and 952) comprise one of the largest local calling areas in the United States; with a few exceptions, no long-distance charges are applied from one part of the Twin Cities to another. Portions of area codes 320 and 507 are local calls from the Twin Cities as well.

Bavand dynasty

The Bavand dynasty (Persian: باوندیان‎) (also spelled Bavend), or simply the Bavandids, was an Iranian dynasty that ruled in parts of Tabaristan (Mazandaran) in what is now northern Iran from 651 until 1349, alternating between outright independence and submission as vassals to more powerful regional rulers.

European route E651

European route E 651 is a European B class road in Austria, connecting the cities Altenmarkt im Pongau – Liezen

German submarine U-651

German submarine U-651 was a German Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was ordered just after the war started in 1939, laid down on 16 January 1940, launched in December that year and commissioned the following February. She was commanded by Kapitänleutnant Peter Lohmeyer.

Her career was a short one. She took part in only one patrol and sank two ships in convoy Convoy HX 133: the merchantmen Brockley Hill and SS Grayburn. She was sunk by the escort for the same convoy but 45 of her crew were rescued by the Royal Navy and interrogated by the Admiralty.

House of Sasan

The House of Sasan was the house that founded the Sasanian Empire, ruling this empire from 224 to 651. It began with Ardashir I, who named the dynasty as Sasanian (also known as Sassanid) in honour of his grandfather, Sasan, and after the name of his tribe.

The Shahanshah was the sole regent, head of state and head of government of the empire. At times, power shifted de facto to other officials, namely the spahbed.

List of Jordanian detainees at Guantanamo Bay

The United States Department of Defense acknowledges holding eight Jordanian captives in Guantanamo.

A total of 778 captives have been held in extrajudicial detention in the Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba since the camps opened on January 11, 2002

The camp population peaked in 2004 at approximately 660. Only nineteen new captives, all "high value detainees" have been transferred there since the United States Supreme Court's ruling in Rasul v. Bush. As of July 2012 the camp population was at approximately 170. This number had dropped to 40 by May of 2018.

List of former Maryland state highways (600–699)

The Maryland highway system has several hundred former state highways. These highways were constructed, maintained, or funded by the Maryland State Roads Commission or Maryland State Highway Administration and assigned a unique or temporally unique number. Some time after the highway was assigned, the highway was transferred to county or municipal maintenance and the number designation was removed from the particular stretch of road. In some cases, a highway was renumbered in whole or in part. This list contains all or most of the state-numbered highways between 600 and 699 that have existed since highways were first numbered in 1927 but are no longer part of the state highway system or are state highways of a different number. Most former state highways have not had their numbers reused. However, many state highway numbers were used for a former highway and are currently in use. Some numbers have been used three times. The former highways below whose numbers are used presently, those that were taken over in whole or in part by another highway, or have enough information to warrant a separate article contain links to those separate highway articles. Highway numbers that have two or more former uses are differentiated below by year ranges. This list does not include former Interstate or U.S. Highways, which are linked from their respective lists.

Little Dumbbell Nebula

The Little Dumbbell Nebula, also known as Messier 76, NGC 650/651, the Barbell Nebula, or the Cork Nebula, is a planetary nebula in the constellation Perseus. It was discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1780 and included in Charles Messier's catalog of comet-like objects as number 76. It was first recognised as a planetary nebula in 1918 by the astronomer Heber Doust Curtis. However, there is some contention to this claim, as Isaac Roberts in 1891 did suggest that M76 might be similar to the Ring Nebula (M57), being instead as seen from the side view. The structure is now classed as a bipolar planetary nebula (BPNe).

Distance to M76 is currently estimated as 780 parsecs or 2,500 light years, making the average dimensions about 0.378 pc. (1.23 ly.) across.The total nebula shines at the apparent magnitude of +10.1 with its central star or planetary nebula nucleus (PNN) at +15.9v (16.1B) magnitude. The UV-light from the PNN is expanding outer layers that form the present nebula, and has the surface temperature of about 88,400 K. The whole planetary nebula is approaching us at 19.1 km/s.The Little Dumbbell Nebula derives its common name from its resemblance to the Dumbbell Nebula (M27) in Vulpecula. It was originally thought to consist of two separate emission nebulae and was thus given two catalog numbers in the NGC 650 and 651. Some consider this object to be one of the faintest and hardest to see objects in Messier's list.

No. 651 Squadron RAF

No. 651 Squadron RAF was a unit of the Royal Air Force in Italy and North Africa during the Second World War and afterwards in Egypt. Numbers 651 to 663 Squadrons of the RAF were Air Observation Post units which had both Army and RAF personnel. The pilots, drivers and signallers were in the Royal Artillery whilst the adjutants, technical staff and equipment officers came from the RAF. Air observation posts were used primarily for artillery spotting, but occasionally for liaison and other duties. A further three of these squadrons – Nos. 664, 665 and 666 – were RCAF AOP squadrons manned by Canadian and British personnel. Their duties and squadron numbers were transferred to the Army with the formation of the Army Air Corps on 1 September 1957.

Ontario Highway 651

Secondary Highway 651, commonly referred to as Highway 651, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway is 52.9 kilometres (32.9 mi) in length, connecting Highway 101 east of Wawa with the remote community of Missanabie.

Highway 651 was established on the Centennial anniversary of Confederation, but did not connect to any other roads originally; access to the route was provided from Missanabie. It was extended south to connect with Highway 101 in 1969.

Oswine of Deira

Oswine, Oswin or Osuine (died 20 August 651) was a King of Deira in northern England.

Saskatchewan Highway 651

Highway 651 is a highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from Highway 52 to Highway 5 near Canora. Highway 651 is about 83 km (52 mi.) long.

Highway 651 passes near the communities of Jedburgh, Theodore, and Goldenvale. Highway 651 intersects Highways 16, 726, and 47.

Theuderic III

Theuderic III (or Theuderich, Theoderic, or Theodoric; in French, Thierry) (c.651–691) was the king of Neustria (including Burgundy) on two occasions (673 and 675–691) and king of Austrasia from 679 to his death in 691. Thus, he was the king of all the Franks from 679. The son of Clovis II and Balthild, he has been described as a puppet – a roi fainéant – of Ebroin, the Mayor of the Palace, who may have even appointed him without the support of the nobles. He succeeded his brother Clotaire III in Neustria in 673, but Childeric II of Austrasia displaced him soon thereafter until he died in 675 and Theuderic retook his throne. When Dagobert II died in 679, he received Austrasia as well and became king of the whole Frankish realm.

He and the Neustrian mayor of the palace, Waratton, made peace with Pepin of Heristal, mayor of the palace of Austrasia, in 681. However, on Waratton's death in 686, the new mayor, Berthar, made war with Austrasia and Pepin vanquished the Burgundo-Neustrian army under Berthar and Theuderic (a Neustrian) at the Battle of Tertry in 687, thus paving the way for Austrasian dominance of the Frankish state.

USS Cogswell (DD-651)

USS Cogswell (DD-651) was a Fletcher-class destroyer in the United States Navy, serving in World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam War. The ship is named in honor of Rear Admiral James Kelsey Cogswell, who served during the Spanish–American War, and Captain Francis Cogswell, who served during World War I.

Cogswell was launched on 5 June 1943 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine; cosponsored by Mrs. D. C. Bingham, daughter of Rear Admiral Cogswell, and Mrs. Francis Cogswell, widow of Captain Cogswell; and commissioned 17 August 1943, Commander H. T. Deutermann in command.

Virginia State Route 651

State Route 651 (SR 651) in the U.S. state of Virginia is a secondary route designation applied to multiple discontinuous road segments among the many counties. The list below describes the sections in each county that are designated SR 651.

Yazdegerd III

Yazdegerd III (Middle Persian: 𐭩𐭦𐭣𐭪𐭥𐭲𐭩‎ Yazdekert, meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد Yazdegerd), was the last king (shah) of the Sasanian Empire from 632 to 651. His father was Shahriyar and his grandfather was Khosrow II.

Ascending the throne at the age of merely eight, the young shah lacked authority and reigned as figurehead, whilst real power was in the hands of the army commanders, courtiers, and powerful members of the aristocracy, who were fighting amongst themselves and wiping out each other. The Sasanian Empire was falling apart swiftly due to internal conflicts, and was at the same time also invaded on all fronts−by the Turks in the east, and Khazars in the west. It was, however, the Arabs, united under the banner of Islam, who dealt the deadly blow to the empire. Yazdegerd was unable to contain the Arab invasion of Iran, and spent most of reign fleeing from one province to another, in hopes of raising an army to repel the Arabs, which ultimately proved unsuccessful, with Yazdegerd meeting his end at hands of a miller near Marw in 651, thus marking an end to the last pre-Islamic Iranian empire after more than 400 years of rule.

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