64th Infantry Division of Urmia

The 64th Infantry Division of Urmia (Persian: لشکر ۶۴ پیاده ارومیه‎) is an infantry division of the Ground Forces of Islamic Republic of Iran Army based in Urmia. Over the 2011–2012 period, it may have become an Operations Headquarters, retaining command of its previous three brigades.[2]

It was active during the Imperial Iranian regime during the 1970s, as a brigade.[3] During the Iran–Iraq War it was reported at Piranshahr.[4]

Representatives of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (DPIK) in New York told the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada on 16 October 1996 that the 64th Infantry Division of Urmia (and, the Brigade of Salmas) were involved in human rights violations against Kurdish civilians between 1983 and 1988. The units killed Kurdish civilians, destroyed Kurdish villages and burned peasants' fields during their military operations in the Kurdish region of Iran. The commanding officer of the 64th Infantry Division of Urmia was General Zahirnajad.[5]

64th Infantry Division of Urmia
لشکر ۶۴ پیاده ارومیه
Country Iran
BranchIRI.Army Ground Force Seal.svg Ground Force
TypeInfantry
RoleCombined arms
SizeDivision
Garrison/HQUrmia
Nickname(s)Division of Urmia & 64th Infantry Division
Engagements1979 Kurdish rebellion
Iran–Iraq War
Commanders
Current
commander
Mohsen Nabipour[1]
unit64th Infantry Division of Urmia (Field administrative)
164th Infantry Brigade of Piranshahr
264th Infantry Brigade of Salmas
364th Infantry Brigade of Mahabad
Notable
commanders
Qasem-Ali Zahirnejad

References

  1. ^ "ارتش ايران مردمي‌ترين ارتش دنياست". Farsnews Agency. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  2. ^ Disappearing Division: The 64th Infantry Division, June 19, 2013.
  3. ^ Richard A. Gabriel, ed. (27 September 1983), Fighting Armies: Antagonists in the Middle East – A Combat Assessment, Greenwood Press, ISBN 978-0-313-23904-5
  4. ^ World in Conflict Annual
  5. ^ Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Update to Response to Information Request IRN24243.E of 1 August 1996 on human rights abuses by the 64th Infantry Division of Urmia, the 2nd or 4th Brigade of Salmas and the 117th Battalion, also called the Strike Force Company, accessed 2016.
64th Division

In military terms, 64th Division or 64th Infantry Division may refer to:

Infantry Divisions64th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) (Germany)

64th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

64th Infantry Division of Urmia (Iran)

64th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

64th Guards Motor Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

64th (2nd Highland) Division (United Kingdom)

64th Infantry Division Catanzaro - Italian Army (Second World War)Cavalry Divisions64th Cavalry Division (United States)

64th Cavalry Division (Soviet Union)Aviation Divisions64th Air Division (United States)

Azerbaijan (Iran)

Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان‎ Āzarbāijān [ɒːzærbɒjdʒɒːn]; Azerbaijani: آذربایجان‎ Azərbaycan [ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), also known as Iranian Azerbaijan, is a historical region in northwestern Iran that borders Iraq, Turkey, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. Iranian Azerbaijan is administratively divided into West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardabil, and Zanjan provinces. The region is mostly populated by Azerbaijanis, with minority populations of Kurds, Armenians, Tats, Talysh, Assyrians and Persians.

Iranian Azerbaijan is the land originally and historically called Azerbaijan; the Azerbaijani-populated Republic of Azerbaijan appropriated the name of the neighbouring Azerbaijani-populated region in Iran during the 20th century. Historic Azerbaijan was called Atropatene in antiquity and Aturpatakan in the pre-Islamic Middle Ages. Some refer to Iranian Azerbaijan as South (or Southern) Azerbaijan and the Republic of Azerbaijan as Northern Azerbaijan, although others believe that these terms are irredentist and politically motivated.Following military defeats at the hands of the Russian Empire, Qajar Persia ceded all of its territories in the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia to Russia via the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813 and the Treaty of Turkmenchay of 1828. The territories south of the Aras River, which comprised the region historically known as Azerbaijan, became the new north-west frontier of the Persian Empire and later Iran. The territories north of the Aras River, which were not known by the name Azerbaijan at the time of their capture by Russia, were absorbed into the Russian Empire, renamed the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic during the country's short-lived independence from 1918 to 1920, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, and finally became the independent Republic of Azerbaijan when the Soviet Union dissolved.

Jafar Shafaghat

Jafar Shafaghat (Persian: جعفر شفقت‎; c.1915 – September 2, 2000) was a General officer in the Iranian Pahlavi Army and was the last Minister of Defense in Shapour Bakhtiar government (1978 — 1979). Jafar Shafaghat was the last governor of East Azerbaijan Province during the Pahlavi dynasty. He died in exile in Nice, France.

Operation Dawn 2

Operation Dawn 2 or Operation Valfajr-2 (Persian: عملیات والفجر 2‎) was an Iranian operation during the eight-year-long Iran–Iraq War. This operation opened a new front in northern Iraq/Iraqi Kurdistan also known as "the Northern Front". Despite Turkish help, this region was Iraq's weak point during the war as the Kurds sided with Iran.

Urmia

Urmia (Persian: ارومیه‎; Azerbaijani: Urmiya, اورمیه; Kurdish: Ûrmiye, ورمێ‎; Syriac: ܐܘܪܡܝܐ‎; (pronounced [oɾumiˈje] (listen))) is the largest city in West Azerbaijan Province of Iran and the capital of Urmia County. It is situated at an altitude of 1,330 metres (4,360 ft) above sea level, and is located along the Shahar Chay river (City River) on the Urmia Plain. Lake Urmia, one of the world's largest salt lakes, lies to the east of the city, and the mountainous Turkish border area lies to the west.

Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 667,499, with 197,749 households.The city's inhabitants are predominantly Azerbaijanis who speak the Azerbaijani language. There are also minorities of Kurds, Assyrians, and Armenians. The city is the trading center for a fertile agricultural region where fruits (especially apples and grapes) and tobacco are grown.

The Christian history of Urmia is well preserved, and is especially evident in the city's many churches and cathedrals.

An important town by the 9th century, the city has had a diverse population which has at times included Muslims (Shias and Sunnis), Christians (Catholics, Protestants, Nestorians, and Orthodox), Jews, Bahá'ís and Sufis. Around 1900, Christians made up more than 40% of the city's population; however, most of the Christians fled in 1918 as a result of the Persian Campaign during World War I and the Armenian and Assyrian Genocides by Ottoman Empire.

Operational headquarters
Logistic headquarters
Army training centres
Aviation headquarters
Army structure

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