62nd United States Congress

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911, to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Additional House seats were assigned to the two new states of New Mexico and Arizona. The size of the House was to be 435 starting with the new Congress coming into session in 1913. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

62nd United States Congress
61st ←
→ 63rd
USCapitol1906
March 4, 1911 – March 4, 1913
Senate PresidentJames S. Sherman (R)
until October 30, 1912
Vacant
from October 30, 1912
Senate President pro temAugustus O. Bacon (D)
Charles Curtis (R)
Jacob H. Gallinger (R)
Frank B. Brandegee (R)
Henry Cabot Lodge (R)
House SpeakerChamp Clark (D)
Members96 senators
394 members of the House
7 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: April 4, 1911 – August 22, 1911
2nd: December 4, 1911 – August 26, 1912
3rd: December 2, 1912 – March 3, 1913

Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

States admitted and territories created

62nd US Senate composition
Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 62nd Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans, blue by two Democrats, and purple by one of each.

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 32 0 59 91 1
Begin 40 0 50 90 2
End 45 951
Final voting share 47.4% 0.0% 52.6%
Beginning of the next congress 49 1 42 92 4

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 394

Leaders

Senate

James Sherman, Bain bw photo portrait facing left
President of the Senate
James S. Sherman

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

At this time, most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1912; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1914; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1916.

Alabama

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

62 us house membership
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

Changes in membership

Senate

There were 20 changes: 6 deaths, 2 resignations, 1 invalidated election, 6 appointees replaced by electees, 4 seats added from new states, and 1 seat vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 4-seat net gain, and no other parties had a net change.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Arizona
(1)
New seats Arizona achieved statehood February 14, 1912 Henry F. Ashurst (D) April 2, 1912[1]
Arizona
(3)
Marcus A. Smith (D)
New Mexico
(1)
New Mexico achieved statehood January 6, 1912 Thomas B. Catron (R)
New Mexico
(2)
Albert B. Fall (R)
Colorado
(3)
Vacant Sen. Charles J. Hughes, Jr. died January 11, 1911, before the end of the previous Congress. Winner was elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915. Charles S. Thomas (D) January 15, 1913
Iowa
(2)
Lafayette Young (R) Appointment expired April 11, 1911, upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William S. Kenyon (R) April 12, 1911
Georgia
(3)
Joseph M. Terrell (D) Resigned July 14, 1911, due to health reasons.
Successor was elected.
Hoke Smith (D) November 16, 1911
Maine
(2)
William P. Frye (R) Died August 8, 1911.
Successor was appointed September 23, 1911, and subsequently elected April 2, 1912.
Obadiah Gardner (D) September 23, 1911
Tennessee
(2)
Robert Love Taylor (D) Died March 31, 1912.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Newell Sanders (R) April 11, 1912
Nevada
(1)
George S. Nixon (R) Died June 5, 1912.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
William A. Massey (R) July 1, 1912
Illinois
(3)
William Lorimer (R) Senate invalidated election July 13, 1912. Vacant until next Congress
Idaho
(3)
Weldon B. Heyburn (R) Died October 17, 1912.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Kirtland I. Perky (D) November 18, 1912
Maryland
(1)
Isidor Rayner (D) Died November 25, 1912.
Successor was appointed.
William P. Jackson (R) November 29, 1912
Arkansas
(2)
Jeff Davis (D) Died January 3, 1913.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
John N. Heiskell (D) January 6, 1913
Texas
(2)
Joseph W. Bailey (D) Resigned January 3, 1913, due to investigations brought to light suspicious income and financial ties to the oil industry.
Successor was appointed to continue the therm.
Rienzi Melville Johnston (D) January 29, 1913
Tennessee
(2)
Newell Sanders (R) Appointment expired January 24, 1913, upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William R. Webb (D) January 24, 1913
Nevada
(1)
William A. Massey (R) Appointment expired January 29, 1913, upon successor's special election. Key Pittman (D) January 29, 1913
Arkansas
(2)
John N. Heiskell (D) Appointment expired January 29, 1913, upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William M. Kavanaugh (D)
Texas
(2)
Rienzi M. Johnston (D) Morris Sheppard (D)
Idaho
(3)
Kirtland I. Perky (D) Appointment expired February 5, 1913, upon successor's special election. James H. Brady (R) February 6, 1913

House of Representatives

Sorted Chronologically by date of vacancy

House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections.

District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Iowa 9th Walter I. Smith (R) Resigned March 15, 1911, after being appointed judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. William R. Green (R) June 5, 1911
Kansas 2nd Alexander C. Mitchell (R) Died July 7, 1911. Joseph Taggart (D) November 7, 1911
Pennsylvania 14th George W. Kipp (D) Died July 24, 1911. William D.B. Ainey (R) November 7, 1911
Tennessee 10th George W. Gordon (D) Died August 9, 1911. Kenneth McKellar (D) December 4, 1911
New Jersey 1st Henry C. Loudenslager (R) Died August 12, 1911. William J. Browning (R) November 7, 1911
Nebraska 3rd James P. Latta (D) Died September 11, 1911. Dan V. Stephens (D) November 7, 1911
Kansas 7th Edmond H. Madison (R) Died September 18, 1911. George A. Neeley (D) January 9, 1912
New Mexico Territory At-Large William Henry Andrews (R) New State January 6, 1912. seat eliminated
New Mexico At-large New seat New State January 6, 1912. Harvey B. Fergusson (D) January 8, 1912
New Mexico At-large New seat New State January 6, 1912. George Curry (R) January 8, 1912
Arizona Territory At-large Ralph H. Cameron (R) New State February 14, 1912. seat eliminated
Arizona At-large New seat New State February 14, 1912. Carl Hayden (D) February 19, 1912[2]
Vermont 1st David J. Foster (R) Died March 21, 1912 Frank L. Greene (R) July 30, 1912
Pennsylvania 1st Henry H. Bingham (R) Died March 22, 1912. William S. Vare (R) May 24, 1912
Iowa 11th Elbert H. Hubbard (R) Died June 4, 1912. George Cromwell Scott (R) November 5, 1912
Louisiana 6th Robert Charles Wickliffe (D) Died June 11, 1912. Lewis Lovering Morgan (D) November 5, 1912
New York 26th George R. Malby (R) Died July 5, 1912. Edwin A. Merritt (R) November 5, 1912
Missouri 11th Theron Ephron Catlin (R) Lost contested election August 12, 1912. Patrick F. Gill (D) August 12, 1912
New Jersey 6th William Hughes (D) Resigned September 27, 1912, after being appointed to the Passaic County Court of Common Pleas. Archibald C. Hart (D) November 5, 1912
Ohio 13th Carl C. Anderson (D) Died October 1, 1912. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 21st Richard E. Connell (D) Died October 30, 1912. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Rhode Island 2nd George H. Utter (R) Died November 3, 1912. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 11th Charles C. Bowman (R) Seat declared vacant December 12, 1912. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 16th John G. McHenry (D) Died December 27, 1912. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 10th William Sulzer (D) Resigned December 31, 1912, after being elected Governor of New York. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Michigan 2nd William Wedemeyer (R) Died January 2, 1913. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
North Dakota 1st Louis B. Hanna (R) Resigned January 7, 1913, after being elected Governor of North Dakota Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 3rd James M. Cox (D) Resigned January 12, 1913, after being elected Governor of Ohio Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Arkansas 6th Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) Resigned January 14, 1913, after being elected Governor of Arkansas Samuel M. Taylor (D) January 15, 1913
California 8th Sylvester C. Smith (R) Died January 26, 1913. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
South Carolina 1st George S. Legare (D) Died January 31, 1913. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Texas 1st J. Morris Sheppard (D) Resigned February 3, 1913, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (6 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Caucuses

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e "Senate Now Numbers 96". New York Times. April 3, 1912.
  2. ^ Rice, Ross R (1994). Carl Hayden: Builder of the American West. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. p. 40. ISBN 0-8191-9399-2.

References

1910 United States elections

The 1910 United States elections elected the members of the 62nd United States Congress, occurring during the Fourth Party System. The election was held in the middle of Republican President William Howard Taft's term. The Socialist Party won election to Congress for the first time. Arizona and New Mexico were admitted as states during the 62nd Congress.

Democrats won massive gains in the House, taking control of a chamber of Congress for the first time since the 1894 elections.In the Senate, Democrats won major gains, but Republicans continued to control the chamber.The election was a major victory for progressives in both parties. Taft had alienated many progressives in his own party, and allies of Taft lost several nomination battles. The strengthening of progressive Republicans helped lead to Theodore Roosevelt's third party run in 1912. Meanwhile, Woodrow Wilson's landslide gubernatorial election victory in New Jersey helped position him as a major candidate for the 1912 Democratic nomination. The progressive victory led to the passage of the 17th Amendment and the establishment of the Department of Labor during the 62nd Congress.

1912 State of the Union Address

The 1912 State of the Union Address was given on Tuesday, December 3, 1912. It was written by William H. Taft, the 27th President of the United States. He stated, "The position of the United States in the moral, intellectual, and material relations of the family of nations should be a matter of vital interest to every patriotic citizen." He said, "Our small Army now consists of 83,809 men, excluding the 5,000 Philippine scouts. Leaving out of consideration the Coast Artillery force, whose position is fixed in our various seacoast defenses, and the present garrisons of our various insular possessions, we have to-day within the continental United States a mobile Army of only about 35,000 men. This little force must be still further drawn upon to supply the new garrisons for the great naval base which is being established at Pearl Harbor, in the Hawaiian Islands, and to protect the locks now rapidly approaching completion at Panama."

Apportionment Act of 1911

The Apportionment Act of 1911 (Pub.L. 62–5, 37 Stat. 13) was an apportionment bill passed by the United States Congress on August 8, 1911. The law initially set the number of members of the United States House of Representatives at 433, effective with the 63rd Congress on March 4, 1913. It also included, in section 2, a provision to add an additional seat for each of the anticipated new states of Arizona and New Mexico, bringing the total number of seats to 435.

Burnett Act

The Burnett Act of 1913 was sponsored by United States Representative John L. Burnett (Democrat) of Alabama. It authorized $40 million in spending on new government buildings in the District of Columbia and in smaller towns across the nation.

Burnt Timber Act

The Burnt Timber Act of 1913 authorized the United States Secretary of the Interior to sell at auction any dead or damaged timber on Federal lands.

Carlin Act

The Carlin Act of 1913, sponsored by Rep. Charles Creighton Carlin (D) of Virginia, made larceny from Interstate Carriers a felony and a Federal crime.

Federal Revenue Sharing Act

The Federal Revenue Sharing Act, also called the Expenditures from Receipts Act, was a bill passed in 1913 by the US Congress. It allowed the federal government to split national forest and park revenues 50–50 between itself and the states for National Forest Road and Trail repair.

Gould Amendment

The Gould Amendment sponsored by Rep. Samuel W. Gould (D) of Maine, amended the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 by requiring that the contents of any food package had to be “plainly and conspicuously marked on the outside of the package in terms of weight, measure, or numerical count and ingredients”

Henry Casson

Henry Casson (December 13, 1843 – September 25, 1912) was the Secretary of State for Wisconsin from 1895 until 1899. In 1899, at the start of the 56th United States Congress, he was selected by the Republican majority to serve as Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives. He served from December 4, 1899 until April 4, 1911 when Democrats took control of the chamber at the start of the 62nd United States Congress.

John M. Hamilton

For John Hamilton who was the Governor of Illinois, see John Marshall HamiltonJohn M. Hamilton (March 16, 1855 – December 27, 1916) was a Democratic Member of the U.S. House of Representatives for West Virginia's 4th District; he served in the 62nd United States Congress from 1911 to 1913.

Labor Department Act

The Labor Department Act, also called the Borah Act, was sponsored by Sen. William E. Borah (R) of Idaho. It was approved on 4 March 1913 (37 Stat. 736).This was the final bill signed by President William Howard Taft, separating the Bureau of Labor from the Bureau of Commerce and elevating it to a Cabinet-level agency, renaming it the Department of Labor under its 1st Secretary, Rep. William B. Wilson (D) of Pennsylvania. As a trade Unionist, Wilson resigned from Congress to accept the position which he held until 1921.The Department of Labor included:

1) the Bureau of Labor Statistics under Dr. Charles Patrick Neill, former Roosevelt Commissioner of Labor, Economics Professor at Catholic University, and the investigator of the meatpacking industry that prompted Upton Sinclair to write The Jungle

2) the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (INS) which was abolished on Mar. 1st, 2003 and replaced with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS)

3) the United States Children's Bureau under Julia Lathrop. Lathrop’s father, William Lathrop of Illinois, had helped found the Republican Party in 1854, while she herself was a graduate of Vassar College, a friend of Jane Addams, and a social reformer who had worked at Hull House in Chicago. Appointed by President Taft at the agency’s creation in 1912, she served faithfully until 1921, directing research into child labor, infant and mother mortality, juvenile delinquency, mothers’ pensions, and illegitimacy.Congress forgot to grant the new Bureau of Labor a budget or Rep. Wilson a salary.

List of United States Senators in the 62nd Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 62nd United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1911, to March 3, 1913.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as vice president, a House member, a cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.Senators who were sworn in during the middle of the Congress (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 1912 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Plant Quarantine Act

The Plant Quarantine Act, originally enacted in 1912 (7 U.S.C. 151 et seq.), gave the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) authority to regulate the importation and interstate movement of nursery stock and other plants that may carry pests and diseases that are harmful to agriculture. This Act has been superseded by the consolidated APHIS statute, the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.). This authority is particularly important to the agency’s ability to prevent or limit the spread of harmful invasive species within or to a state or region of the United States.

Rivers and Harbors Act of 1913

In United State federal legislation, the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1913 appropriated money for various Congressional river and harbor improvement projects, the most prominent of which was Indiana Harbor, Indiana.

Road and Trails Fund Act

In 1913 the Roads and Trails Fund Act in the United States created a permanent Federal fund which states could use to cover 10% of the cost for road construction or reconstruction, supervising, inspecting, actual building, and incurrence of all costs incidental to the construction or reconstruction of a road.

Valuation Act

The Valuation Act is a 1913 United States federal law that required the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to assess the value of railroad property. This information would be used to set rates for the transport of freight.

Webb–Kenyon Act

The Webb–Kenyon Act was a 1913 law of the United States that regulated the interstate transport of alcoholic beverages. It was meant to provide federal support for the prohibition efforts of individual states in the face of charges that state regulation of alcohol usurped the federal government's exclusive constitutional right to regulate interstate commerce.

Weeks–McLean Act

The Weeks–McLean Act was a law of the United States sponsored by Representative John W. Weeks (R) of Massachusetts and Senator George P. McLean (R) of Connecticut that prohibited the spring hunting and marketing of migratory birds and the importation of wild bird feathers for women's fashion, ending what was called "millinery murder". It gave the Secretary of Agriculture the power to set hunting seasons nationwide, making it the first U.S. law ever passed to regulate the shooting of migratory birds. It became effective on 4 March 1913 but, because of a constitutional weakness, was later replaced by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.

William Wedemeyer

William Walter Wedemeyer (March 22, 1873 – January 2, 1913) was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.

Wedemeyer was born near Lima Township in Washtenaw County, Michigan. He attended the district schools and Ann Arbor High School. He graduated from the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1895. He was a member of the board of school examiners from 1894 to 1895. He was admitted to the bar in 1895 and served as county commissioner of schools from 1895 to 1897. He served as deputy commissioner of railroads for Michigan from 1897 to 1899 and commenced the practice of law at Ann Arbor in 1899.

Wedemeyer was chairman of the Republican State convention in 1903. He was American consul at Georgetown, British Guiana during the summer of 1905. He was a member of the Republican State central committee from 1906 to 1910. In 1910, he was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 2nd congressional district to the 62nd United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1911 until his death on January 2, 1913. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912 to the Sixty-third Congress. While on an official visit to Colón, Panama, William Wedemeyer accidentally drowned in the harbor of that port. His remains were never recovered.

United States Congresses (and year convened)

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