613 commandments

The tradition that 613 commandments (Hebrew: תרי"ג מצוות, taryag mitzvot, "613 mitzvot") is the number of mitzvot in the Torah, began in the 3rd century CE, when Rabbi Simlai mentioned it in a sermon that is recorded in Talmud Makkot 23b.[1]

Although there have been a lot of attempts to codify and enumerate the commandments contained in the Torah, the most traditional enumeration is Maimonides'. The 613 commandments include "positive commandments", to perform an act (mitzvot aseh), and "negative commandments", to abstain from certain acts (mitzvot lo taaseh). The negative commandments number 365, which coincides with the number of days in the solar year, and the positive commandments number 248, a number ascribed to the number of bones and main organs in the human body (Babylonian Talmud, Makkot 23b–24a).[2] Though the number 613 is mentioned in the Talmud, its real significance increased in later medieval rabbinic literature, including many works listing or arranged by the mitzvot. Three types of negative commandments fall under the self-sacrificial principle yehareg ve'al ya'avor, meaning "One should let oneself be killed rather than violate it". These are murder, idolatry, and forbidden sexual relations.[3]

The 613 mitzvot have been divided also into three general categories: mishpatim; edot; and chukim. Mishpatim ("laws") include commandments that are deemed to be self-evident, such as not to murder and not to steal. Edot ("testimonies") commemorate important events in Jewish history. For example, the Shabbat is said to testify to the story that Hashem created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day and declared it holy. Chukim ("decrees") are commandments with no known rationale, and are perceived as pure manifestations of the Divine will.[4]

Many of the mitzvot cannot be observed now, following the destruction of the Second Temple, although they still retain religious significance. According to one standard reckoning,[5] there are 77 positive and 194 negative commandments that can be observed today, of which there are 26 commands that apply only within the Land of Israel.[6] Furthermore, there are some time-related commandments from which women are exempt (examples include shofar, sukkah, lulav, tzitzit and tefillin).[7] Some depend on the special status of a person in Judaism (such as kohanim), while others apply only to men or only to women.

Significance of 613

WLANL - MicheleLovesArt - Joods Historisch Museum - Schilderij Voerman (1111)
[De Rouwdagen] De treurdagen (The mourning days) by Jan Voerman, ca 1884

According to the Talmud (tractate Makkoth 23b), Deut. 33:04 is to be interpreted to mean that Moses transmitted the "Torah" from God to the Israelites: "Moses commanded us the Torah as an inheritance for the community of Jacob".

The Talmud notes that the Hebrew numerical value (gematria) of the word "Torah" is 611, and combining Moses's 611 commandments with the first two of the Ten Commandments which were the only ones heard directly from God, adds up to 613.[8] The Talmud attributes the number 613 to Rabbi Simlai, but other classical sages who hold this view include Rabbi Simeon ben Azzai (Sifre, Deuteronomy 76) and Rabbi Eleazar ben Yose the Galilean (Midrash Aggadah to Genesis 15:1). It is quoted in Midrash Shemot Rabbah 33:7, Bamidbar Rabbah 13:15–16; 18:21 and Talmud Yevamot 47b.

Many Jewish philosophical and mystical works (e.g. by Baal ha-Turim, the Maharal of Prague and leaders of Hasidic Judaism) find allusions and inspirational calculations relating to the number of commandments.

The tzitzit ("knotted fringes") of the tallit ("[prayer] shawl") are connected to the 613 commandments by interpretation: principal Torah commentator Rashi bases the number of knots on a gematria: the word tzitzit (Hebrew: ציצת (Biblical), ציצית, in its Mishnaic spelling) has the value 600. Each tassel has eight threads (when doubled over) and five sets of knots, totalling 13. The sum of all numbers is 613. This reflects the concept that donning a garment with tzitzit reminds its wearer of all Torah commandments.[9]

Dissent and difficulties

Rabbinic support for the number of commandments being 613 is not without dissent and, even as the number gained acceptance, difficulties arose in elucidating the list. Some rabbis declared that this count was not an authentic tradition, or that it was not logically possible to come up with a systematic count. No early work of Jewish law or Biblical commentary depended on the 613 system, and no early systems of Jewish principles of faith made acceptance of this Aggadah (non-legal Talmudic statement) normative. The classical Biblical commentator and grammarian Rabbi Abraham ibn Ezra denied that this was an authentic rabbinic tradition. Ibn Ezra writes "Some sages enumerate 613 mitzvot in many diverse ways [...] but in truth there is no end to the number of mitzvot [...] and if we were to count only the root principles [...] the number of mitzvot would not reach 613".[10]

Nahmanides held that this particular counting was a matter of rabbinic controversy, and that rabbinic opinion on this is not unanimous. Nonetheless, he concedes that "this total has proliferated throughout the aggadic literature... we ought to say that it was a tradition from Moses at Mount Sinai".[11]

Rabbi Simeon ben Zemah Duran likewise rejected the dogma of the 613 as being the sum of the Law, saying that "perhaps the agreement that the number of mitzvot is 613... is just Rabbi Simlai's opinion, following his own explication of the mitzvot. And we need not rely on his explication when we come to determine [and affect] the Law, but rather on the Talmudic discussions".[12]

Even when rabbis attempted to compile a list of the 613 commandments, they were faced with a number of difficulties:

  • Which statements were to be included amongst the 613 commandments? Every one of God's commands to any individual or to the entire people of Israel?
  • Would an order from God be counted as a commandment, for the purposes of such a list, if it could only be complied with in one place and time? Else, would such an order only count as a commandment if it could be followed at all times? (The latter is the view of Maimonides.)
  • Does counting a single commandment depend on whether it falls within one verse, even though it may contain multiple prohibitions, or should each prohibition count as a single commandment?

Ultimately, though, the concept of 613 commandments has become accepted as normative amongst practicing Jews and today it is still common practice to refer to the total system of commandments within the Torah as the "613 commandments", even among those who do not literally accept this count as accurate.

However, the 613 mitzvot do not constitute a formal code of present-day halakha. (See Halakha: Codes of Jewish law.) The most widely recognized code is the Shulkhan Arukh, written by Rabbi Yosef Karo (Safed, Israel, 1550). For Sephardic Jewry, this is generally the accepted code. Ashkenazim, however, customarily follow the glosses appended to the Shulchan Arukh by Rabbi Moses Isserles. The Kitzur Shulkhan Arukh of Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried (Hungary 1804 -1886) is also popular among Ashkenazic Jews. Although it is often criticized, it contains an overview of the rules of Ashkenazi Jewish life according to the minhagim followed by Hungarian Jewry. This is why it is not accepted by all Ashkenazic rabbinic authorities. However, Maimonides did write his Mishneh Torah while keeping in mind all of the 613 mitzvot.

Works enumerating the commandments

There is no single definitive list that explicates the 613 commandments. Lists differ, for example, in how they interpret passages in the Torah that may be read as dealing with several cases under a single law or several separate laws. Other "commandments" in the Torah are restricted as one-time acts, and would not be considered as "mitzvot" binding on other persons. In rabbinic literature, Rishonim and later scholars composed to articulate and justify their enumeration of the commandments:[13]

  • Sefer ha-Mitzvoth ("Book of Commandments") by Rabbi Saadia Gaon is the earliest extant enumeration of the 613 mitzvot. Written during the period of the Geonim, Saadia's work is a simple list (though it was later expanded by Rabbi Yerucham Fishel Perlow.)
  • Sefer Hamitzvot ("Book of Commandments") by Maimonides, with a commentary by Nachmanides. Maimonides employs a set of fourteen rules (shorashim) which determine inclusion into the list. In this work, he supports his specification of each mitzvah through quotations from the midrash halakha and the Gemara. Nachmanides makes a number of critical points and replaces some items of the list with others.[14]
  • Sefer ha-Chinnuch ("Book of Education"). This work generally follows Maimonides' reckoning of the 613 commandments. It is written in the order in which the commandments appear in the Torah rather than an arrangement by category (as in Maimonides' work.) In addition to enumerating the commandments and giving a brief overview of relevant laws, the Sefer ha-Chinuch also tries to explain the philosophical reasons behind the mitzvot. It has been attributed to various authors, most commonly Rabbi Aaron ha-Levi of Barcelona (the Ra'ah), though its true authorship is unknown.
  • Sefer ha-Mitzvoth ha-Gadol or SMaG ("Large book of Commandments") by Rabbi Moses ben Jacob of Coucy.
  • Sefer ha-Mitzvoth ha-Katan or SMaK ("Small book of Commandments") by Rabbi Isaac of Corbeil. This work was written in the form of a poem, divided into seven sections and intended to be read each week. While Isaac's work is fairly short, most editions contain lengthy commentaries. Like the Chafetz Chaim's enumeration, the SMaK deals only with those mitzvot applicable today.
  • Sefer Yere'im ("Book of the [God-]fearing") by Rabbi Eliezer of Metz (not a clear enumeration.)
  • Sefer ha-Mitzvoth by Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan (the "Chafetz Chaim"). The Chafetz Chaim's work follows the reckoning of Maimonides but gives only the commandments relevant today. Notably, this listing omits commandments regarding temple service, ritual purity, sacrifices, and so on. Though the original work included only those commandments relevant in all places and at all times, later editions include agricultural laws relevant today only in the Land of Israel.

Maimonides' list

The following are the 613 commandments and the source of their derivation from the Hebrew Bible as enumerated by Maimonides:

Typical order

  1. To know there is a GodEx. 20:2
  2. Not to even think that there are other gods besides Him — Standard: Ex. 20:3; Yemenite: Ex. 20:2 [17]
  3. To know that God is OneDeut. 6:4
  4. To love GodDeut. 6:5
  5. To fear GodDeut. 10:20
  6. To sanctify God's NameLev. 22:32
  7. Not to profane God's NameLev. 22:32
  8. Not to destroy objects associated with God's NameDeut. 12:4
  9. To listen to the prophet speaking in God's Name — Deut. 18:15
  10. Not to try the LORD unduly — Deut. 6:16
  11. To emulate God's waysDeut. 28:9
  12. To cleave to those who know GodDeut. 10:20
  13. To love other JewsLev. 19:18
  14. To love convertsDeut. 10:19
  15. Not to hate fellow Jews — Lev. 19:17
  16. To reprove a sinner — Lev. 19:17
  17. Not to embarrass others because of one's sinsLev. 19:17
  18. Not to oppress the weak — Ex. 22:21
  19. Not to speak derogatorily of othersLev. 19:16
  20. Not to take revengeLev. 19:18
  21. Not to bear a grudge — Lev. 19:18
  22. To learn TorahDeut. 6:7
  23. To honor those who teach and know TorahLev. 19:32
  24. Not to inquire into idolatryLev. 19:4
  25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see — Num. 15:39
  26. Not to blasphemeEx. 22:27
  27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped — Standard: Ex. 20:6; Yemenite: Ex. 20:5
  28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God — Standard: Ex. 20:6; Yemenite: Ex. 20:5
  29. Not to make an idol for yourself — Standard:Ex. 20:5; Yemenite: Ex. 20:4
  30. Not to make an idol for othersLev. 19:4
  31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes — Standard: Ex. 20:21; Yemenite: Ex. 20:20
  32. Not to turn a city to idolatryDeut. 13:14
  33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worshipDeut. 13:17
  34. Not to rebuild it as a cityDeut. 13:17
  35. Not to derive benefit from itDeut. 13:18
  36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worshipDeut. 13:12
  37. Not to love the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  38. Not to cease hating the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  39. Not to save the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  40. Not to say anything in the idolater's defenseDeut. 13:9
  41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  42. Not to prophesy in the name of idolatryDeut. 13:14
  43. Not to listen to a false prophetDeut. 13:4
  44. Not to prophesy falsely in the name of God — Deut. 18:20
  45. Not to be afraid of the false prophetDeut. 18:22
  46. Not to swear in the name of an idolEx. 23:13
  47. Not to perform ov (medium) — Lev. 19:31
  48. Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer") — Lev. 19:31
  49. Not to pass your children through the fire to MolechLev. 18:21
  50. Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship — Deut. 16:22
  51. Not to bow down before a smooth stone — Lev. 26:1
  52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard — Deut. 16:21
  53. To destroy idols and their accessoriesDeut. 12:2
  54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessoriesDeut. 7:26
  55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idolsDeut. 7:25
  56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters —Deut. 7:2
  57. Not to show favor to idolaters — Deut. 7:2
  58. Not to let idolaters dwell in the Land of IsraelEx. 23:33
  59. Not to imitate idolaters in customs and clothing — Lev. 20:23
  60. Not to be superstitiousLev. 19:26
  61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. — Deut. 18:10
  62. Not to engage in divination or soothsaying — Lev. 19:26
  63. Not to mutter incantationsDeut. 18:11
  64. Not to attempt to contact the dead — Deut. 18:11
  65. Not to consult the ovDeut. 18:11
  66. Not to consult the yidoniDeut. 18:11
  67. Not to perform acts of magicDeut. 18:10
  68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their headLev. 19:27
  69. Men must not shave their beards with a razorLev. 19:27
  70. Men must not wear women's clothing — Deut. 22:5
  71. Women must not wear men's clothing — Deut. 22:5
  72. Not to tattoo the skinLev. 19:28
  73. Not to tear the skin in mourningDeut. 14:1
  74. Not to make a bald spot in mourningDeut. 14:1
  75. To repent and confess wrongdoingsNum. 5:7
  76. To say the Shema twice daily — Deut. 6:7
  77. To pray every dayEx. 23:25
  78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation dailyNum. 6:23
  79. To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the headDeut. 6:8
  80. To bind tefillin on the armDeut. 6:8
  81. To put a mezuzah on the door postDeut. 6:9
  82. Each male must write a Torah scrollDeut. 31:19
  83. The king must have a separate Torah scroll for himself — Deut. 17:18
  84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garmentsNum. 15:38
  85. To bless the Almighty after eatingDeut. 8:10
  86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birthGen. 17:10
  87. To rest on the seventh dayEx. 23:12
  88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day — Standard: Ex. 20:11; Yemenite: Ex. 20:10
  89. The court must not inflict punishment on ShabbatEx. 35:3
  90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on ShabbatEx. 16:29
  91. To sanctify Shabbat with Kiddush and Havdalah — Standard: Ex. 20:9; Yemenite: Ex. 20:8
  92. To rest from prohibited labor on Yom KippurLev. 23:32
  93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom KippurLev. 23:32
  94. To afflict oneself on Yom KippurLev. 16:29
  95. Not to eat or drink on Yom KippurLev. 23:29
  96. To rest on the first day of PassoverLev. 23:7
  97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of PassoverLev. 23:8
  98. To rest on the seventh day of PassoverLev. 23:8
  99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of PassoverLev. 23:8
  100. To rest on ShavuotLev. 23:21
  101. Not to do prohibited labor on ShavuotLev. 23:21
  102. To rest on Rosh HashanahLev. 23:24
  103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh HashanahLev. 23:25
  104. To rest on SukkotLev. 23:35
  105. Not to do prohibited labor on SukkotLev. 23:35
  106. To rest on Shemini AtzeretLev. 23:36
  107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini AtzeretLev. 23:36
  108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of NisanDeut. 16:3
  109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of NisanEx. 12:15
  110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of PassoverEx. 13:3
  111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of PassoverEx. 12:20
  112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven daysEx. 13:7
  113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven daysEx. 12:19
  114. To eat matzah on the first night of PassoverEx. 12:18
  115. To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that nightEx. 13:8
  116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah)Num. 9:1
  117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of SukkotLev. 23:42
  118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog on the first day of Sukkot (in the temple, all seven days)Lev. 23:40
  119. Each man must give a half shekel annually — Ex. 30:13
  120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month beginsEx. 12:2
  121. To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamityNum. 10:9
  122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushinDeut. 22:13
  123. Not to have sexual relations with women not thus marriedDeut. 23:18
  124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wifeEx. 21:10
  125. To have children with one's wife — Gen. 1:28
  126. To issue a divorce by means of a Get documentDeut. 24:1
  127. A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else — Deut. 24:4
  128. To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother) — Deut. 25:5
  129. To perform halizah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum) — Deut. 25:9
  130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah) — Deut. 25:5
  131. The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden — Ex. 22:15-16
  132. The rapist must marry his victim if she is unwed — Deut. 22:29
  133. He is never allowed to divorce her — Deut. 22:29
  134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife — Deut. 22:19
  135. He must not divorce her — Deut. 22:19
  136. To fulfill the laws of the SotahNum. 5:30
  137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual) — Num. 5:15
  138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (as usual) — Num. 5:15
  139. Not to have sexual relations with your motherLev. 18:7
  140. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wifeLev. 18:8
  141. Not to have sexual relations with your sisterLev. 18:9
  142. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughterLev. 18:11
  143. Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughterLev. 18:10
  144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughterLev. 18:10
  145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughterLev. 18:10
  146. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughterLev. 18:17
  147. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughterLev. 18:17
  148. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughterLev. 18:17
  149. Not to have sexual relations with your father's sisterLev. 18:12
  150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sisterLev. 18:13
  151. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wifeLev. 18:14
  152. Not to have sexual relations with your son's wifeLev. 18:15
  153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wifeLev. 18:16
  154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sisterLev. 18:18
  155. A man must not have sexual relations with an animalLev. 18:23
  156. A woman must not have sexual relations with an animalLev. 18:23
  157. A man must not have sexual relations with a manLev. 18:22
  158. Not to have sexual relations with your fatherLev. 18:7
  159. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brotherLev. 18:14
  160. Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wifeLev. 18:20
  161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure womanLev. 18:19
  162. Not to marry non-JewsDeut. 7:3
  163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish peopleDeut. 23:4
  164. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Egyptian convert enter the Assembly — Deut. 23:8-9
  165. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Edomite convert enter the Assembly — Deut. 23:8-9
  166. Not to let a mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:3
  167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:2
  168. Not to offer to God any castrated male animals — Lev. 22:24
  169. The High Priest must not marry a widow — Lev. 21:14
  170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage — Lev. 21:15
  171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden — Lev. 21:13
  172. A Kohen (priest) must not marry a divorcee — Lev. 21:7
  173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship) — Lev. 21:7
  174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") (party to or product of 169-172) — Lev. 21:7
  175. Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden womanLev. 18:6
  176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosherLev. 11:2
  177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Deut. 14:11
  178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:9
  179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:21
  180. Not to eat non-kosher animalsLev. 11:4
  181. Not to eat non-kosher fowlLev. 11:13
  182. Not to eat non-kosher fishLev. 11:11
  183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insectsDeut. 14:19
  184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on landLev. 11:41
  185. Not to eat non-kosher maggotsLev. 11:44
  186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the groundLev. 11:42
  187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fishLev. 11:43
  188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughterDeut. 14:21
  189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned — Ex. 21:28
  190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded — Ex. 22:30
  191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature — Deut. 12:23
  192. Not to eat blood —Lev. 3:17
  193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals — Lev. 3:17
  194. Not to eat the sinew of the thighGen. 32:33
  195. Not to eat mixtures of milk and meat cooked together — Ex. 23:19
  196. Not to cook meat and milk togetherEx. 34:26
  197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the OmerLev. 23:14
  198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the OmerLev. 23:14
  199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer — Lev. 23:14
  200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three yearsLev. 19:23
  201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyardDeut. 22:9
  202. Not to eat untithed fruits — Lev. 22:15
  203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idolsDeut. 32:38
  204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating itDeut. 12:21
  205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day — Lev. 22:28
  206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth — Lev. 17:13
  207. To send away the mother bird before taking its children — Deut. 22:6
  208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest — Deut. 22:7
  209. Not to swear falsely in God's Name — Lev. 19:12
  210. Not to take God's Name in vain — Standard: Ex. 20:7; Yemenite: Ex. 20:6
  211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you — Lev. 19:11
  212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim — Lev. 19:11
  213. To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court — Deut. 10:20
  214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed — Deut. 23:24
  215. Not to break oaths or vowsNum. 30:3
  216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah — Num. 30:3
  217. The Nazirite must let his hair growNum. 6:5
  218. He must not cut his hairNum. 6:5
  219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegarNum. 6:3
  220. He must not eat fresh grapesNum. 6:3
  221. He must not eat raisinsNum. 6:3
  222. He must not eat grape seedsNum. 6:4
  223. He must not eat grape skinsNum. 6:4
  224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpseNum. 6:6
  225. He must not come into contact with the deadNum. 6:7
  226. He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite periodNum. 6:9
  227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah —Lev. 27:2
  228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals — Lev. 27:12-13
  229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses — Lev. 27:14
  230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields — Lev. 27:16
  231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) — Lev. 27:28
  232. Not to sell the cheremLev. 27:28
  233. Not to redeem the cheremLev. 27:28
  234. Not to plant diverse seeds togetherLev. 19:19
  235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard — Deut. 22:9
  236. Not to crossbreed animals — Lev. 19:19
  237. Not to work different animals together — Deut. 22:10
  238. Not to wear shaatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen — Deut. 22:11
  239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poorLev. 19:10
  240. Not to reap that corner — Lev. 19:9
  241. To leave gleaningsLev. 19:9
  242. Not to gather the gleaningsLev. 19:9
  243. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes — Lev. 19:10
  244. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes — Lev. 19:10
  245. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10
  246. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10
  247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field — Deut. 24:19
  248. Not to retrieve them — Deut. 24:19
  249. To separate the "tithe for the poor" — Deut. 14:28
  250. To give charityDeut. 15:8
  251. Not to withhold charity from the poor — Deut. 15:7
  252. To set aside Terumah (heave offering) Gedolah (gift for the Kohen) — Deut. 18:4
  253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe — Num. 18:26
  254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order — Ex. 22:28
  255. A non-Kohen must not eat TerumahLev. 22:10
  256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat TerumahLev. 22:10
  257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat TerumahEx. 12:48
  258. An impure Kohen must not eat TerumahLev. 22:4
  259. A chalalah (party to #s 169-172 above) must not eat TerumahLev. 22:12
  260. To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite — Num. 18:24
  261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma'aser Sheni) — Deut. 14:22
  262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment — Deut. 26:14
  263. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni while impure — Deut. 26:14
  264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma'aser SheniDeut. 26:14
  265. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  266. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  267. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma'aser SheniLev. 19:24
  269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year — Deut. 26:13
  270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple — Ex. 23:19
  271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside JerusalemDeut. 12:17
  272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation — Deut. 26:5
  273. To set aside a portion of dough for a KohenNum. 15:20
  274. To give the foreleg, two cheeks, and abomasum of slaughtered animals to a KohenDeut. 18:3
  275. To give the first shearing of sheep to a KohenDeut. 18:4
  276. To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a KohenNum. 18:15
  277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a KohenEx. 13:13
  278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it — Ex. 13:13
  279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth — Ex. 34:21
  280. Not to work the land during the seventh year — Lev. 25:4
  281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year — Lev. 25:4
  282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner — Lev. 25:5
  283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way — Lev. 25:5
  284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year — Ex. 23:11
  285. To release all loans during the seventh year — Deut. 15:2
  286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower — Deut. 15:2
  287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss —Deut. 15:9
  288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years — Lev. 25:8
  289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:10
  290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slavesLev. 25:9
  291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee) — Lev. 25:11
  292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:11
  293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:11
  294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties — Lev. 25:24
  295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely — Lev. 25:23
  296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities — Lev. 25:29
  297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in — Deut. 18:1
  298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war — Deut. 18:1
  299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields — Num. 35:2
  300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year — Lev. 25:34
  301. To build a TempleEx. 25:8
  302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal — Standard: Ex. 20:24; Yemenite: Ex. 20:23
  303. Not to climb steps to the altar — Standard: Ex. 20:27; Yemenite: Ex. 20:26
  304. To show reverence to the Temple — Lev. 19:30
  305. To guard the Temple area — Num. 18:2
  306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded — Num. 18:5
  307. To prepare the anointing oil — Ex. 30:31
  308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil — Ex. 30:32
  309. Not to anoint with anointing oil — Ex. 30:32
  310. Not to reproduce the incense formula — Ex. 30:37
  311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incenseEx. 30:9
  312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders — Num. 7:9
  313. Not to remove the staves from the ark — Ex. 25:15
  314. The Levites must work in the Temple — Num. 18:23
  315. No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite — Num. 18:3
  316. To dedicate the Kohen for service — Lev. 21:8
  317. The work of the Kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays — Deut. 18:6-8
  318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service — Ex. 28:2
  319. Not to tear the priestly garments — Ex. 28:32
  320. The Kohen Gadol 's (High Priest) breastplate must not be loosened from the EfodEx. 28:28
  321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated — Lev. 10:9
  322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with his head uncovered — Lev. 10:6
  323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes — Lev. 10:6
  324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately — Lev. 16:2
  325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service — Lev. 10:7
  326. To send the impure from the Temple — Num. 5:2
  327. Impure people must not enter the Temple — Num. 5:3
  328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area — Deut. 23:11
  329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple — Lev. 22:2
  330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service — Lev. 22:7
  331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service — Ex. 30:19
  332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar — Lev. 21:23
  333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve — Lev. 21:17
  334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve — Lev. 21:17
  335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve — Num. 18:4
  336. To offer only unblemished animals — Lev. 22:21
  337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar — Lev. 22:20
  338. Not to slaughter it — Lev. 22:22
  339. Not to sprinkle its blood — Lev. 22:24
  340. Not to burn its fat — Lev. 22:22
  341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal — Deut. 17:1
  342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews — Lev. 22:25
  343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals — Lev. 22:21
  344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified — Deut. 12:15
  345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old — Lev. 22:27
  346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog. Some interpret "exchange for a dog" as referring to wage of a male prostitute.[15][16]Deut. 23:19
  347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar — Lev. 2:11
  348. To salt all sacrifices — Lev. 2:13
  349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices — Lev. 2:13
  350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 1:3
  351. Not to eat its meat — Deut. 12:17
  352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering — Lev. 6:18
  353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering — Lev. 6:23
  354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering — Lev. 5:8
  355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering — Lev. 7:1
  356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple — Ex. 29:33
  357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard — Deut. 12:17
  358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat — Ex. 29:33
  359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering — Lev. 7:11
  360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood — Deut. 12:17
  361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 2:1
  362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers — Lev. 5:11
  363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers — Lev. 3:11
  364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest — Lev. 6:16
  365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread — Lev. 6:10
  366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings — Lev. 6:9
  367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival — Deut. 12:5-6
  368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow — Deut. 23:22
  369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple — Deut. 12:11
  370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple — Deut. 12:26
  371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard — Lev. 17:4
  372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard — Deut. 12:13
  373. To offer two lambs every day — Num. 28:3
  374. To light a fire on the altar every day — Lev. 6:6
  375. Not to extinguish this fire — Lev. 6:6
  376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day — Lev. 6:3
  377. To burn incense every day — Ex. 30:7
  378. To light the Menorah every day — Ex. 27:21
  379. The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day — Lev. 6:13
  380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on ShabbatNum. 28:9
  381. To make the show bread — Ex. 25:30
  382. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh (" The New Month") — Num. 28:11
  383. To bring additional offerings on PassoverNum. 28:19
  384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat — Lev. 23:10
  385. Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought — Lev. 23:15
  386. To bring additional offerings on ShavuotNum. 28:26
  387. To bring two loaves to accompany the above sacrifice — Lev. 23:17
  388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh HashanaNum. 29:2
  389. To bring additional offerings on Yom KippurNum. 29:8
  390. To bring additional offerings on SukkotNum. 29:13
  391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini AtzeretNum. 29:35
  392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished — Deut. 14:3
  393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions — Lev. 7:18
  394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them — Lev. 22:30
  395. Not to eat from that which was left over — Lev. 19:8
  396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure — Lev. 7:19
  397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices — Lev. 7:20
  398. To burn the leftover sacrifices — Lev. 7:17
  399. To burn all impure sacrifices — Lev. 7:19
  400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...") — Lev. 16:3
  401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice — Lev. 5:16
  402. Not to work consecrated animals — Deut. 15:19
  403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals — Deut. 15:19
  404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time — Ex. 12:6
  405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven — Ex. 23:18
  406. Not to leave the fat overnight — Ex. 23:18
  407. To slaughter the second Paschal LambNum. 9:11
  408. To eat the Paschal Lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of NisanEx. 12:8
  409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of IyarNum. 9:11
  410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled — Ex. 12:9
  411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group — Ex. 12:46
  412. An apostate must not eat from it — Ex. 12:43
  413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it — Ex. 12:45
  414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it — Ex. 12:48
  415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering — Ex. 12:46 Ps. 34:20
  416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering — Num. 9:12
  417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning — Ex. 12:10
  418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning — Num. 9:12
  419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th — Deut. 16:4
  420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and SukkotDeut. 16:16
  421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) — Ex. 23:14
  422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) — Deut. 16:14
  423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings — Deut. 16:16
  424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites — Deut. 12:19
  425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year — Deut. 31:12
  426. To set aside the firstborn animals — Ex. 13:12
  427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  428. Not to redeem the firstborn — Num. 18:17
  429. Separate the tithe from animals — Lev. 27:32
  430. Not to redeem the tithe — Lev. 27:33
  431. Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression — Lev. 4:27
  432. Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt — Lev. 5:17-18
  433. Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained — Lev. 5:25
  434. Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering)(if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) — Lev. 5:7-11
  435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error — Lev. 4:13
  436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the MikvehLev. 15:28-29
  437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the MikvehLev. 12:6
  438. A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh — Lev. 15:13-14
  439. A metzora (one having a skin disease) must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the MikvehLev. 14:10
  440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice — Lev. 27:10
  441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration — Lev. 27:10
  442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another — Lev. 27:26
  443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead — Num. 19:14
  444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma) — Num. 19:2
  445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water — Num. 19:21
  446. Rule the laws of human tzara'at as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 13:12
  447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity — Deut. 24:8
  448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair — Lev. 13:33
  449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips — Lev. 13:45
  450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzoraLev. 14:2
  451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification — Lev. 14:9
  452. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of clothing — Lev. 13:47
  453. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of houses — Lev. 13:34
  454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurityLev. 15:19
  455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirthLev. 12:2
  456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issueLev. 15:25
  457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen) — Lev. 15:3
  458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast — Lev. 11:39
  459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects) — Lev. 11:29
  460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen) — Lev. 15:16
  461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods — Lev. 11:34
  462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikvah to become pure — Lev. 15:16
  463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox — Ex. 21:28
  464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating — Ex. 22:4
  465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit — Ex. 21:33
  466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire — Ex. 22:5
  467. Not to steal money stealthily — Lev. 19:11
  468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief — Ex. 21:37
  469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate — Lev. 19:36
  470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weightsLev. 19:35
  471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use — Deut. 25:13
  472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property — Deut. 19:14
  473. Not to kidnap — Standard: Ex. 20:14; Yemenite: Ex. 20:13
  474. Not to rob openly — Lev. 19:13
  475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt — Lev. 19:13
  476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another's possession — Standard: Ex. 20:15; Yemenite: Ex. 20:14
  477. Not to desire another's possession — Standard: Deut. 5:19; Yemenite: Deut. 5:18
  478. Return the robbed object or its value — Lev. 5:23
  479. Not to ignore a lost object — Deut. 22:3
  480. Return the lost object — Deut. 22:1
  481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another's property — Ex. 21:18
  482. Not to murder — Standard: Ex. 20:13; Yemenite: Ex. 20:12
  483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer — Num. 35:31
  484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refugeNum. 35:25
  485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge — Num. 35:32
  486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial — Num. 35:12
  487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer — Deut. 25:12
  488. Not to pity the pursuer — Num. 35:12
  489. Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger — Lev. 19:16
  490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access — Deut. 19:3
  491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder — Deut. 21:4
  492. Not to work nor plant that river valley — Deut. 21:4
  493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property — Deut. 22:8
  494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs — Deut. 22:8
  495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) — Lev. 19:14
  496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it — Ex. 23:5
  497. Help others load their beast — Deut. 22:4
  498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) — Deut. 22:4
  499. Conduct sales according to Torah law — Lev. 25:14
  500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article — Lev. 25:14
  501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words — Lev. 25:17
  502. Not to cheat a convert monetarily — Ex. 22:20
  503. Not to insult or harm a convert with words — Ex. 22:20
  504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws — Ex. 21:2
  505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold — Lev. 25:42
  506. Not to work him oppressively — Lev. 25:43
  507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively — Lev. 25:53
  508. Not to have him do menial slave labor — Lev. 25:39
  509. Give him gifts when he goes free — Deut. 15:14
  510. Not to send him away empty-handed — Deut. 15:13
  511. Redeem Jewish maidservants — Ex. 21:8
  512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant — Ex. 21:8
  513. The master must not sell his maidservant — Ex. 21:8
  514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs — Lev. 25:46
  515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel — Deut. 23:16
  516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge — Deut. 23:16
  517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard — Ex. 22:9
  518. Pay wages on the day they were earned — Deut. 24:15
  519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time — Lev. 19:13
  520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works — Deut. 23:25
  521. The worker must not eat while on hired time — Deut. 23:26
  522. The worker must not take more than he can eat — Deut. 23:25
  523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing — Deut. 25:4
  524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower — Ex. 22:13
  525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard — Ex. 22:6
  526. Lend to the poor and destitute — Ex. 22:24
  527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it — Ex. 22:24
  528. Press the idolater for payment — Deut. 15:3
  529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral — Deut. 24:10
  530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed — Deut. 24:13
  531. Not to delay its return when needed — Deut. 24:12
  532. Not to demand collateral from a widow — Deut. 24:17
  533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food — Deut. 24:6
  534. Not to lend with interest — Lev. 25:37
  535. Not to borrow with interest — Deut. 23:20
  536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note — Ex. 22:24
  537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest — Deut. 23:21
  538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier — Ex. 22:8
  539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance — Num. 27:8
  540. Appoint judges — Deut. 16:18
  541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure — Deut. 1:17
  542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement — Ex. 23:2
  543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required — Ex. 23:2
  544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases — Deut. 23:2
  545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning — Deut. 22:24
  546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning — Lev. 20:14
  547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword — Ex. 21:20
  548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation — Lev. 20:10
  549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry — Deut. 21:22
  550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed — Deut. 21:23
  551. Not to delay burial overnight — Deut. 21:23
  552. The court must not let the sorcerer live — Ex. 22:17
  553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer — Deut. 25:2
  554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes — Deut. 25:3
  555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence — Ex. 23:7
  556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime — Deut. 22:26
  557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial — Deut. 19:13
  558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial — Lev. 19:15
  559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial — Lev. 19:15
  560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor — Ex. 23:6
  561. A judge must not pervert justice — Lev. 19:15
  562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan — Deut. 24:17
  563. Judge righteously — Lev. 19:15
  564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment — Deut. 1:17
  565. Judges must not accept bribes — Ex. 23:8
  566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present — Ex. 23:1
  567. Not to curse judges — Ex. 22:27
  568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin — Ex. 22:27
  569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew — Lev. 19:14
  570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court — Lev. 5:1
  571. Carefully interrogate the witness — Deut. 13:15
  572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes — Deut. 19:17
  573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness — Deut. 19:15
  574. Transgressors must not testify — Ex. 23:1
  575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify — Deut. 24:16
  576. Not to testify falsely — Standard: Ex. 20:14; Yemenite: Ex. 20:13
  577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant — Deut. 19:19
  578. Act according to the ruling of the SanhedrinDeut. 17:11
  579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin — Deut. 17:11
  580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations — Deut. 13:1
  581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part — Deut. 13:1
  582. Not to curse your father and mother — Ex. 21:17
  583. Not to strike your father and mother — Ex. 21:15
  584. Respect your father or mother — Standard: Ex. 20:13; Yemenite: Ex. 20:12
  585. Fear your mother or fatherLev. 19:3
  586. Not to be a rebellious son — Deut. 21:18
  587. Mourn for relativesLev. 10:19
  588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative — Lev. 21:11
  589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse — Lev. 21:11
  590. A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives — Lev. 21:1
  591. Appoint a king from Israel — Deut. 17:15
  592. Not to appoint a foreigner — Deut. 17:15
  593. The king must not have too many wives — Deut. 17:17
  594. The king must not have too many horses — Deut. 17:16
  595. The king must not have too much silver and gold — Deut. 17:17
  596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations — Deut. 20:17
  597. Not to let any of them remain alive — Deut. 20:16
  598. Wipe out the memory of AmalekDeut. 25:19
  599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people — Deut. 25:17
  600. Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert — Deut. 25:19
  601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt — Deut. 17:16
  602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms — Deut. 20:10
  603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them — Deut. 23:7
  604. Not to destroy food trees even during the siege — Deut. 20:19
  605. Prepare latrines outside the camps — Deut. 23:13
  606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with — Deut. 23:14
  607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war — Deut. 20:2
  608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions — Deut. 24:5
  609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military — Deut. 24:5
  610. Not to panic and retreat during battle — Deut. 20:3
  611. Keep the laws of the captive woman — Deut. 21:11
  612. Not to sell her into slavery — Deut. 21:14
  613. Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her — Deut. 21:14

See also

References

  1. ^ Israel Drazi (2009). Maimonides and the Biblical Prophets. Gefen Publishing House Ltd. p. 209.
  2. ^ As stated by the Jewish Virtual Library: "There is also almost complete agreement that these 613 mitzvot can be broken down into 248 positive mitzvot (one for each bone and organ of the male body) and 365 negative mitzvot (one for each day of the solar year)."
  3. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 74a
  4. ^ "Mitzvot". NSW Board of Jewish Education. New South Wales Board of Jewish Education. Archived from the original on 16 August 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. ^ Chofetz Chaim (1990). Sefer HaMitzvot HaKatzar (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Feldheim. pp. 9, 16, 17.
  6. ^ HaCohen, Yisrael Meir. The Concise Book of Mitzvoth: The Commandments which can be Observed Today, Trans., Charles Wengrov. Feldheim, 1990.
  7. ^ Talmud Kiddushin 29a
  8. ^ Makkoth 24a
  9. ^ Rashi's commentary on Numbers 15:39 (from Numbers Rabbah 18)
  10. ^ Yesod Mora, Chapter 2
  11. '^ Nahmanides, Commentary to Maimonides' Sefer Hamitzvot', Root Principle 1
  12. ^ Zohar Harakia, Lviv, 1858, p. 99
  13. ^ https://www.ou.org/content/themes/ou-theme/lib/mechon-mamre-proxy.php?path=http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/halakhah.htm
  14. ^ https://www.ou.org/torah/mitzvot/taryag/ramban_i/
  15. ^ a b Footnote to Deut. 23:19, Tanakh The Holy Scriptures, The Jewish Publication Society, 1985, ISBN 978-0-8276-0252-6
  16. ^ a b Footnote to Deut. 23:19, The Catholic Study Bible, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2011
  17. ^ The verse actually said that you shouldn't have no gods before me. The earliest Hebrews were henotheisic- https://sites.google.com/site/yahwehelohiym/related-articles/hebrew-henotheism

Bibliography

  • Eisenberg, Ronald L. The 613 Mitzvot: A Contemporary Guide to the Commandments of Judaism Schreiber Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-88400-303-5
  • Moses Maimonides, translation by Charles Ber Chavel and Moses ibn Tibbon. The book of divine commandments (the Sefer Ha-mitzvoth of Moses Maimonides) London: Soncino Press, 1940.

External links

Abraham Chill

Abraham Chill (March 30, 1912 – April 20, 2004) was the first rabbi at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York.He was born in New York City and attended Yeshiva University and the City College of New York. In 1935, he received his rabbinic ordination from Chief Rabbi Kook in Jerusalem and from the Lomza Yeshiva in Petach Tikvah, Israel. In 1941, immediately after Pearl Harbor, he enlisted in the United States Army. In 1945, after holding pre-war pulpits in Newburgh, New York, and Nashville, Tennessee, he became rabbi of Congregation Sons of Abraham in Providence, Rhode Island, a position he held until his retirement in 1969.

In 1946, he was National Chaplain of the Jewish War Veterans of the US, as well as National Chaplain of the American Legion in 1948. He was an active member of the Rabbinical Council of America, serving as president of the North-Eastern Region, and later as national secretary of the Council.

He is the author of the book The Mitzvot: The Commandments and Their Rationale, which was first published in 1974. Here he explains in detail all 613 Commandments, 365 negative and 248 positive. He also authored three other books, the Minahagim on Jewish customs, the Sidrot on the Torah reading of the week and the Abarbanel on Pirke Avot a famous commentary on "Ethics of the Fathers."

In the early 1960s, at the request of Senator John O. Pastore, he opened a session of the United States Senate with a prayer.

He was also a 32nd Degree Mason and a Shriner.

At his funeral in Jerusalem, he was eulogized by Rabbi Israel Hutner, the editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia Talmudit, who was for many years his Talmudic study mate. He is interred in Mount of Olives in Jerusalem overlooking the Temple Mount. He was survived by two children and numerous grandchildren.

Aryeh Leib Epstein

Aryeh Löb ben Mordecai Ha-Levi Epstein (Ba'al ha-Pardes) (1708 – June 26, 1775) was a Polish rabbi born in Grodno. At first he refused to become a rabbi, preferring to devote himself entirely to study, but in 1739 he was forced by poverty to accept the rabbinate of Brestovech, Lithuania, and in 1745 he became rabbi of Königsberg, where he remained until his death. He corresponded with Elijah, Gaon of Vilna, and with Jonathan Eybeschütz, with whom he sided in the quarrel about amulets (see Emden-Eybeschütz Controversy).

He is the author of Or ha-Shanim, on the 613 commandments (Frankfurt-on-the-Oder, 1754), Halakah Aḥaronah and Ḳunṭres ha-Ra'yot (ib. 1754; Königsberg, 1759), Sefer ha-Pardes, in three parts: (1) on the Shema and the observance of Shabbat, (2) sermons, (3) funeral orations (ib. 1759). Several other Kabbalistic and halachic works from his pen are mentioned in his own works or by his biographer. A prayer which he composed on the occasion of the dedication of a new synagogue in Königsberg (ib. 1756) is found in the Bodleian Library. Annotations by him and by his son Abraham Meïr Epstein are published in some of the later editions of the Babylonian Talmud. He is called "Levin Marcus" in Solowicz's Gesch. der Juden in Königsberg, Posen, 1857.

Aveira

In Hebrew, the feminine noun aveira or averah (Hebrew: עבירה [ʕaveˈʁa] pl. aveirot [ʕaveˈʁot]) is a term for transgression or sin against man or God. The word comes from the Hebrew root ayin-bet-resh, meaning to pass or cross over with the implied meaning of transgressing from a moral boundary. An aveira may be trivial or serious.

It is viewed by many that an aveira is the opposite of a mitzvah (commandment, often viewed as a good deed), but all aveirot are actually the transgressions of one of the 365 "negative commandments". (see 613 commandments.)

Azharot

Azharot (Hebrew: אזהרות‎), "exhortations") are didactic liturgical poems on, or versifications of, the 613 commandments in rabbinical enumeration. The first known example appears in the tenth century Siddur of Saadia Gaon; The best known include those by two Spanish authors of the Middle Ages; Isaac ben Reuben Albargeloni and Solomon ibn Gabirol.

Biblical law

Biblical law refers to the legal aspects of the Bible, the holy scriptures of Judaism and Christianity.

Chelev

Chelev (Hebrew: חֵלֶב‎, kheylev or ẖelev), or what is also known as "suet," is the animal fats that the Torah prohibits Jews and Israelites from eating (Leviticus 7:23). Only the chelev of animals that are of the sort from which offerings can be brought in the Tabernacle or Temple are prohibited (Leviticus 7:25). The prohibition of eating chelev is also, in addition to the Torah, one of the 613 commandments that, according to the Talmud, were given to Moses on Mount Sinai.

Crime and punishment in the Torah

The Hebrew Bible is considered a holy text in most Abrahamic religions. It records a large number of events and laws that are endorsed or proscribed by the God of Israel. Judaism teaches that the Torah contains 613 commandments, many of which deal with crime and punishment, but only the Noahide Laws apply to humanity in general. Most Christian denominations have also adopted some of these directives, such as the Ten Commandments and Great Commandment, while a minority believes all Old Covenant laws have been abrogated.

Divine soul

In kabbalah, the divine soul (נפש האלקית; nefesh ha'elokit) is the source of good inclination, or yetzer tov, and Godly desires.

The divine soul is composed of the ten sefirot from the side of holiness, and garbs itself with three garments of holiness, namely Godly thought, speech and action associated with the 613 commandments of the Torah. Because its desire is to cleave to Godliness, it is usually in conflict with the nefesh habehamit, whose desire is initially for physical pleasures.

Gadol

Gadol or godol (גדול, plural: gedolim גדולים) (Hebrew "big" or "great") is a term used by religious Jews to refer to the most revered rabbis of the generation.

Gluttony

Gluttony (Latin: gula, derived from the Latin gluttire meaning "to gulp down or swallow") means over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or wealth items, particularly as status symbols.

In Christianity, it is considered a sin if the excessive desire for food causes it to be withheld from the needy. Some Christian denominations consider gluttony one of the seven deadly sins.

Judah Rosanes

Judah ben Samuel Rosanes (1657-1727) was Rabbi of Constantinople and son-in-law of Abraham Rosanes I. His teachers in Talmud and rabbinics were Samuel ha-Levi and Joseph di Trani the Younger. On account of his knowledge of Arabic and Turkish he was appointed by the government as chief rabbi ("hakam bashi") of the Ottoman empire. He died at an advanced age in Constantinople on April 13, 1727;

Judah took a very active part in condemning and denouncing the Shabbethaians, and he was one of the signers of an appeal to the German communities to oppose the movement (comp. Jacob Emden, Torat ha-Ḳena'ot, Lemberg, 1870). He wrote:

Parashat Derakim (Constantinople, 1727), a work containing twenty-six homiletic treatises on various subjects.

A pamphlet entitled Derek Miẓwoteka, a treatise on the 613 commandments, based on the treatises on the same subject by Maimonides and others.

Mishneh la-Melek (ib. 1731), glosses and comments on Maimonides' Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah; later it was printed together with the Yad (Jessnitz, 1739-1740).This work and others were edited & published by his devoted pupil Rabbi Yaakov Culi.

Several works bear approbations ("haskamot") by Judah Rosanes, among others Joseph Almosnino's Edut bi-Yehosef.

Korban

In Judaism, the korban (Hebrew: קָרְבָּן qārbān; Arabic: قربان‎), also spelled qorban or corban, is any of a variety of sacrificial offerings described and commanded in the Torah. The plural form is korbanot. The most common usages are animal sacrifice (zevah זֶבַח), peace offering and olah "holocaust."

A korban was a kosher animal sacrifice, such as a bull, sheep, goat, or a dove that underwent shechita (Jewish ritual slaughter). Sacrifices could also consist of grain, meal, wine, or incense. Offerings were often cooked and most of it eaten by the offerer, with parts given to the Kohen priests and small parts burned on the altar of the Temple in Jerusalem. Only in special cases was all of the offering given only to God, such as in the case of the scapegoat.The Hebrew Bible says that God commanded the Israelites to offer offerings and sacrifices on various altars. The sacrifices were only to be offered by the hands of the Kohanim. Before building the Temple in Jerusalem, when the Israelites were in the desert, sacrifices were only to be offered in the Tabernacle. After the invasion of Canaan, the main sacrificial centre was at Shiloh, though sacrifice also took place at Beth-Shemesh, Mizpah, Ramah, and Gilgal, while family and clan sacrifices were commonplace Under Saul the main center of sacrifice was Nob, though private offerings continued to be made at Shiloh. David created a new cult center in Jerusalem at the threshing floor of Araunaḥ, to which he moved the Ark. According to the Hebrew Bible, after the building of Solomon's Temple, sacrifices were only to be carried out there. After the Temple was destroyed, sacrifices were resumed when the Second Temple was built until it was also destroyed in 70 CE. After the destruction of the Second Temple sacrifices were prohibited because there was no longer a Temple, the only place allowed by halakha for sacrifices. Offering of sacrifices was briefly reinstated during the Jewish–Roman wars of the second century CE and was continued in certain communities thereafter.When sacrifices were offered in ancient times they were offered as a fulfillment of the 613 commandments. Since there is no longer a Temple, or priests, modern religious Jews instead pray or offer tzedakah as a form of charity.The practice and nature of sacrifices in Judaism are based on the 613 commandments, theology and halakha. According to the Jewish perception the coming of the messiah will not remove the requirement to keep the 613 commandments. Most Orthodox Jews believe that animal sacrifice will be resumed once the Third Temple is built, others believe that prayer and tzedakah will suffice.

Minchat Chinuch

Minchat Chinuch (Hebrew: מנחת חינוך‎) is a legal commentary on the Sefer ha-Chinuch. It was written by Yosef Babad ("Rabbeinu Yosef"; 1800–1874), Av Beit Din of Ternopil. The Sefer Ha-Chinuch systematically discusses the 613 commandments of the Torah, their Biblical source, and philosophical underpinnings - while the Minchat Chinuch serves as a legal commentary through the perspective of the Talmud and Rishonim. Minchat Chinuch is widely studied in Yeshivas and in private study groups, and remains popular to this day.

The work is noted for its technique of isolating legal concepts through the use of exotic test cases such as whether a hermaphrodite is obligated in the mitzvah of "be fruitful and multiply." This feature of the book makes it a useful starting point in conceptual analysis of talmudic topics.

Mitzvah

In its primary meaning, the Hebrew word mitzvah (; meaning "commandment", מִצְוָה, [mit͡sˈva], Biblical: miṣwah; plural מִצְווֹת mitzvot [mit͡sˈvot], Biblical: miṣwoth; from צִוָּה ṣiwwah "command") refers to precepts and commandments commanded by God, with the additional connotation of one's religious duty.

It is used in rabbinical Judaism to refer to the 613 commandments given in the Torah at biblical Mount Sinai and the seven rabbinic commandments instituted later for a total of 620. The 613 commandments are divided into two categories: 365 negative commandments and 248 positive commandments. According to the Talmud, all moral laws are, or are derived from, divine commandments. The collection is part of the larger Jewish law or halakha.

The opinions of the Talmudic rabbis are divided between those who seek the purpose of the mitzvot and those who do not question them. The latter argue that if the reason for each mitzvah could be determined, people might try to achieve what they see as the purpose of the mitzvah, without actually performing the mitzvah itself (lishmah), which would become self-defeating. The former believe that if people were to understand the reason and the purpose for each mitzvah, it would actually help them to observe and perform the mitzvah (some mitzvot are given reasons in the Torah).

In its secondary meaning, Hebrew mitzvah, as with English "commandment", refers to a moral deed performed within a religious duty. As such, the term mitzvah has also come to express an individual act of human kindness in keeping with the law. The expression includes a sense of heartfelt sentiment beyond mere legal duty, as "you shall love your neighbor as yourself" (Leviticus 19:18). The tertiary meaning of mitzvah also refers to the fulfillment of a mitzvah.

Orlah

The prohibition on orlah-fruit (lit. "uncircumcised" fruit) is a command found in the Bible not to eat fruit produced by a tree during the first three years after planting. The Hebrew word orlah literally means "uncircumcised". This meaning is often footnoted in English translations:

Leviticus 19:23 "When you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree, regard its fruit as forbidden.[a] For three years you are to consider it forbidden [b]; it must not be eaten. 24 In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD. 25 But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way your harvest will be increased. I am the LORD your God."

Footnotes: [a][b] Hebrew "uncircumcised" NIV

In rabbinical writings the orlah-prohibition (Hebrew: איסור ערלה) is counted as one of the negative commandments among the rabbinical enumeration of 613 commandments. Outside Israel the prohibition applies to a certain degree.

Sefer ha-Chinuch

The Sefer ha-Chinuch (Hebrew: ספר החינוך‎, "Book of Education"), often simply "the Chinuch" is a work which systematically discusses the 613 commandments of the Torah. It was published anonymously in 13th-century Spain. The work's enumeration of the commandments (Hebrew: mitzvot‎; sing. mitzvah) is based upon Maimonides' system of counting as per his Sefer Hamitzvot; each is listed according to its appearance in the weekly Torah portion and the work is structured correspondingly.The book separately discusses each of the 613 commandments, both from a legal and a moral perspective. For each, the Chinuch's discussion starts by linking the mitzvah to its Biblical source, and then addresses the philosophical underpinnings of the commandment (here, termed the "shoresh", or "root"). Following this, the Chinuch presents a brief overview of the halakha (practical Jewish law) governing its observance - usually based on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah - and closes with a summary as to the commandment's applicability.

Because of this structure, the work remains popular to this day. The philosophic portions are widely quoted and taught, while the legal discussion provides the basis for much further study in yeshivot. The Minchat Chinuch by "Rabbeinu Yosef" (Yosef Ben Moshe Babad, 1800–1874), Av Beit Din of Ternopil, serves as a legal commentary.

Sin

In a religious context, sin is an act of transgression against divine law. In Islamic ethics, Muslims see sin as anything that goes against the commands of Allah (God). Judaism regards the violation of any of the 613 commandments as a sin.

Sin can also be viewed as any thought or action that endangers the ideal relationship between an individual and God; or as any diversion from the perceived ideal order for human living. In Jainism, sin refers to anything that harms the possibility of the jiva (being) to attain moksha (supreme emancipation).

Sofer

A Sofer, Sopher, Sofer SeTaM, or Sofer ST"M (Heb: "scribe", סופר סת״ם) (female: soferet) is a Jewish scribe who can transcribe sifrei Torah, tefillin, and mezuzot, and other religious writings. (ST"M, סת״ם, is an abbreviation of these three terms. The plural of sofer is "soferim" סופרים.)

By simple definition, a sofer is a copyist, but the religious role in Judaism is much more. Besides sifrei Torah, tefillin, and mezuzot, scribes are also necessary to write the Five Megillot (scrolls of the Song of Songs, Book of Ruth, Book of Esther, Ecclesiastes, and Book of Lamentations), Nevi'im (the books of the prophets, used for reading the haftarah), and for gittin, divorce documents. Also, many scribes function as calligraphers—writing functional documents such as ketubot "marriage contracts", or ornamental and artistic renditions of religious texts, which do not require any scribal qualifications, and to which the rules on lettering and parchment specifications do not apply.

The major halakha pertaining to sofrut, the practice of scribal arts, is in the Talmud in the tractate "Maseket Sofrim". In the Torah's 613 commandments, the second to last is that every Jew should write a Sefer Torah in his lifetime (Deuteronomy 31:19).

Temurah (Talmud)

Tractate Temurah is a tractate of the Babylonian Talmud, the greater part of which is an elaboration of the Law laid down in Leviticus 27:10 regarding dedication of an animal for sacrifice.In Jewish Law, temurah (Hebrew: תמורה‎, literally: "exchange") is the prohibition against attempting to switch the sanctity of an animal that has been sanctified for the Temple in Jerusalem with another non-sanctified animal. It is explicitly stated in Leviticus 27:33. According to the law, both animals become sanctified, and the person who attempted the transfer is punished with lashes.This prohibition of exchange was counted by Maimonides as comprising 3 of the 613 commandments. The three commandments are:

Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice

The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration

Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to anotherThese are explained in the Babylonian Talmud in the tractate temurah, in order of Kodshim. Like many tractates in the order of Kodshim, Temurah was not often learned by many Talmud scholars. Its reopening was included in the general Kodshim Renaissance brought about by the Brisk yeshivas.

Maimonides' list sorted by occurrence in the Torah
  1. Gen. 1:28 — To have children with one's wife
  2. Gen. 32:33 — Not to eat the sinew of the thigh
  3. Ex. 12:2Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins
  4. Ex. 12:6 — To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time
  5. Ex. 12:8 — To eat the Paschal Lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of Nisan
  6. Ex. 12:9 — Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled
  7. Ex. 12:10 — Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning
  8. Ex. 12:15 — To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nisan
  9. Ex. 12:18 — To eat matzah on the first night of Passover
  10. Ex. 12:19 — Not to find chametz in your domain seven days
  11. Ex. 12:20 — Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover
  12. Ex. 12:43 — An apostate must not eat from it
  13. Ex. 12:45 — A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it
  14. Ex. 12:46 — Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group
  15. Ex. 12:46 — Not to break any bones from the paschal offering —> Ps. 34:20
  16. Ex. 12:48 — An uncircumcised Kohen (priest) must not eat Terumah (heave offering)
  17. Ex. 12:48 — An uncircumcised male must not eat from it
  18. Ex. 13:3 — Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover
  19. Ex. 13:7 — Not to see chametz in your domain seven days
  20. Ex. 13:8 — To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night
  21. Ex. 13:12 — To set aside the firstborn animals
  22. Ex. 13:13 — To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen
  23. Ex. 13:13 — To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it
  24. Ex. 16:29 — Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat
  25. Ex. 20:2To know there is a God
  26. Ex. 20:3Not to even think that there are other gods besides Him — Yemenite->Ex. 20:2
  27. Ex. 20:5Not to make an idol for yourself — Yemenite->Ex. 20:4
  28. Ex. 20:6Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped — Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  29. Ex. 20:6Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God — Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  30. Ex. 20:7Not to take God's Name in vain — Yemenite->Ex. 20:6
  31. Ex. 20:9 — To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdalah — Yemenite->Ex. 20:8
  32. Ex. 20:11 — Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day — Yemenite->Ex. 20:10
  33. Ex. 20:13 — Not to murder — Yemenite->Ex. 20:12
  34. Ex. 20:13Respect your father or mother — Yemenite->Ex. 20:12
  35. Ex. 20:14 — Not to kidnap — Yemenite->Ex. 20:13
  36. Ex. 20:14 — Not to testify falsely — Yemenite->Ex. 20:13
  37. Ex. 20:15 — Not to covet and scheme to acquire another's possession — Yemenite->Ex. 20:14
  38. Ex. 20:21Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes — Yemenite->Ex. 20:20
  39. Ex. 20:24 — Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal — Yemenite->Ex. 20:23
  40. Ex. 20:27 — Not to climb steps to the altar — Yemenite->Ex. 20:26
  41. Ex. 21:2 — Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws
  42. Ex. 21:8 — Redeem Jewish maidservants
  43. Ex. 21:8 — Betroth the Jewish maidservant
  44. Ex. 21:8 — The master must not sell his maidservant
  45. Ex. 21:10 — Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife
  46. Ex. 21:15 — Not to strike your father and mother
  47. Ex. 21:17 — Not to curse your father and mother
  48. Ex. 21:18 — The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another's property
  49. Ex. 21:20 — The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword
  50. Ex. 21:28 — Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned
  51. Ex. 21:28 — The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox
  52. Ex. 21:33 — The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit
  53. Ex. 21:37 — The court must implement punitive measures against the thief
  54. Ex. 22:4 — The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating
  55. Ex. 22:5 — The court must judge the damages incurred by fire
  56. Ex. 22:6 — The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard
  57. Ex. 22:8 — The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier
  58. Ex. 22:9 — The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard
  59. Ex. 22:13 — The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower
  60. Ex. 22:15-16 — The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden
  61. Ex. 22:17 — The court must not let the sorcerer live
  62. Ex. 22:20 — Not to cheat a convert monetarily
  63. Ex. 22:20 — Not to insult or harm a convert with words
  64. Ex. 22:21 — Not to oppress the weak
  65. Ex. 22:24 — Lend to the poor and destitute
  66. Ex. 22:24 — Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it
  67. Ex. 22:24 — Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note
  68. Ex. 22:27Not to blaspheme
  69. Ex. 22:27 — Not to curse judges
  70. Ex. 22:27 — Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin
  71. Ex. 22:28 — Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order
  72. Ex. 22:30 — Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded
  73. Ex. 23:1 — Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present
  74. Ex. 23:1 — Transgressors must not testify
  75. Ex. 23:2 — Decide by majority in case of disagreement
  76. Ex. 23:2 — The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required
  77. Ex. 23:5 — Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it
  78. Ex. 23:6 — A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor
  79. Ex. 23:7 — The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence
  80. Ex. 23:8 — Judges must not accept bribes
  81. Ex. 23:11 — To leave free all produce which grew in that year
  82. Ex. 23:12 — To rest on the seventh day
  83. Ex. 23:13 — Not to swear in the name of an idol —> Deut. 13:14
  84. Ex. 23:14 — To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering)
  85. Ex. 23:18 — Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven
  86. Ex. 23:18 — Not to leave the fat overnight
  87. Ex. 23:19Not to eat mixtures of milk and meat cooked together
  88. Ex. 23:19 —To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple
  89. Ex. 23:25 — To serve the Almighty with prayer
  90. Ex. 23:33 — Not to let the Canaanites dwell in the Land of Israel
  91. Ex. 25:8 — To build a Temple
  92. Ex. 25:15 — Not to remove the staves from the ark
  93. Ex. 25:30 — To make the show bread
  94. Ex. 27:21 — To light the Menorah every day
  95. Ex. 28:2 — The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service
  96. Ex. 28:28 — The Kohen Gadol 's (High Priest) breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod
  97. Ex. 28:32 — Not to tear the priestly garments
  98. Ex. 29:33 — The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple
  99. Ex. 29:33 — A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat —
  100. Ex. 30:7 — To burn incense every day
  101. Ex. 30:9 — Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense
  102. Ex. 30:13 — Each man must give a half shekel annually
  103. Ex. 30:19 — A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service
  104. Ex. 30:31 — To prepare the anointing oil
  105. Ex. 30:32 — Not to reproduce the anointing oil
  106. Ex. 30:32 — Not to anoint with anointing oil
  107. Ex. 30:37 — Not to reproduce the incense formula
  108. Ex. 34:21 — To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth
  109. Ex. 34:26Not to cook meat and milk together
  110. Ex. 35:3 — The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat
  111. Lev. 1:3 — Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah
  112. Lev. 2:1 — To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah
  113. Lev. 2:11 — Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar
  114. Lev. 2:13 — To salt all sacrifices
  115. Lev. 2:13 — Not to omit the salt from sacrifices
  116. Lev. 3:11 — Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers
  117. Lev. 3:17 — Not to eat blood
  118. Lev. 3:17 — Not to eat certain fats of clean animals
  119. Lev. 4:13 — The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error
  120. Lev. 4:27 — Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression
  121. Lev. 5:1 — Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court
  122. Lev. 5:7-11 — Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering) offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering)
  123. Lev. 5:8 — Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering
  124. Lev. 5:11 — Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers
  125. Lev. 5:16 — One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice
  126. Lev. 5:17-18 — Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt
  127. Lev. 5:23 — Return the robbed object or its value
  128. Lev. 5:25 — Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained
  129. Lev. 6:3 — To remove the ashes from the altar every day
  130. Lev. 6:6 — To light a fire on the altar every day
  131. Lev. 6:6 — Not to extinguish this fire
  132. Lev. 6:9 — The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings
  133. Lev. 6:10 — Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread
  134. Lev. 6:13 — The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day
  135. Lev. 6:16 — Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest
  136. Lev. 6:18 — Carry out the procedure of the sin offering
  137. Lev. 6:23 — Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering
  138. Lev. 7:1 — Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering
  139. Lev. 7:11 — To follow the procedure of the peace offering
  140. Lev. 7:17 — To burn the leftover sacrifices
  141. Lev. 7:18 — Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions
  142. Lev. 7:19 — Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure
  143. Lev. 7:19 — To burn all impure sacrifices
  144. Lev. 7:20 — An impure person must not eat from sacrifices
  145. Lev. 10:6 — A Kohen must not enter the Temple with his head uncovered
  146. Lev. 10:6 — A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes
  147. Lev. 10:7 — A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service
  148. Lev. 10:9 — A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated
  149. Lev. 10:19Mourn for relatives
  150. Lev. 11:2 — To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
  151. Lev. 11:4Not to eat non-kosher animals
  152. Lev. 11:9 — To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
  153. Lev. 11:11Not to eat non-kosher fish
  154. Lev. 11:13Not to eat non-kosher fowl
  155. Lev. 11:21 — To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
  156. Lev. 11:29 — Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects)
  157. Lev. 11:34 — Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods
  158. Lev. 11:39 — Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast
  159. Lev. 11:41Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land
  160. Lev. 11:42Not to eat worms found in fruit
  161. Lev. 11:43Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fish
  162. Lev. 11:44Not to eat non-kosher maggots
  163. Lev. 12:2 — Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth
  164. Lev. 12:3To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth
  165. Lev. 12:6 — A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh
  166. Lev. 13:12 — Rule the laws of human tzara'at as prescribed in the Torah
  167. Lev. 13:33 — The metzora (one having a skin disease) must not shave signs of impurity in his hair
  168. Lev. 13:34 — Carry out the laws of tzara'at of houses
  169. Lev. 13:45 — The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips
  170. Lev. 13:47 — Carry out the laws of tzara'at of clothing
  171. Lev. 14:2 — Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora
  172. Lev. 14:9 — The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification
  173. Lev. 14:10 — A metzora must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikveh
  174. Lev. 15:3 — Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen)
  175. Lev. 15:13-14 — A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh
  176. Lev. 15:16 — Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen)
  177. Lev. 15:16 — Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikvah to become pure
  178. Lev. 15:19 — Observe the laws of menstrual impurity
  179. Lev. 15:25 — Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue
  180. Lev. 15:28-29 — A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh
  181. Lev. 16:2 — A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately
  182. Lev. 16:3 — To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...")
  183. Lev. 16:29 — To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur
  184. Lev. 17:4 — Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard
  185. Lev. 17:13 — To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth
  186. Lev. 18:6Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman
  187. Lev. 18:7Not to have sexual relations with your mother
  188. Lev. 18:7Not to have sexual relations with your father
  189. Lev. 18:8Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife
  190. Lev. 18:9Not to have sexual relations with your sister
  191. Lev. 18:11Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter
  192. Lev. 18:10Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter
  193. Lev. 18:10Not to have sexual relations with your daughter
  194. Lev. 18:10Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter
  195. Lev. 18:12Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister
  196. Lev. 18:13Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister
  197. Lev. 18:14Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife
  198. Lev. 18:14Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother
  199. Lev. 18:15Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife
  200. Lev. 18:16Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife
  201. Lev. 18:17Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter
  202. Lev. 18:17Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughter
  203. Lev. 18:17Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughter
  204. Lev. 18:18Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister
  205. Lev. 18:19Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman
  206. Lev. 18:20Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wife
  207. Lev. 18:22A man must not have sexual relations with a man
  208. Lev. 18:23A man must not have sexual relations with an animal
  209. Lev. 18:23A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal
  210. Lev. 19:3Be in awe of your mother or father
  211. Lev. 19:4Not to inquire into idolatry
  212. Lev. 19:4Not to make an idol for others
  213. Lev. 19:8 — Not to eat from that which was left over
  214. Lev. 19:9 — Not to reap that corner
  215. Lev. 19:9 — To leave gleanings
  216. Lev. 19:9 — Not to gather the gleanings
  217. Lev. 19:10To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor
  218. Lev. 19:10 — To leave the gleanings of a vineyard
  219. Lev. 19:10 — Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard
  220. Lev. 19:10 — To leave the unformed clusters of grapes
  221. Lev. 19:10 — Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes
  222. Lev. 19:11 — Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you
  223. Lev. 19:11 — Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim
  224. Lev. 19:11 — Not to steal money stealthily
  225. Lev. 19:12 — Not to swear falsely in God's Name
  226. Lev. 19:13 — Not to rob openly
  227. Lev. 19:13 — Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt
  228. Lev. 19:13 — Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time
  229. Lev. 19:14 — Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice)
  230. Lev. 19:14 — Not to curse any upstanding Jew
  231. Lev. 19:15 — A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial
  232. Lev. 19:15 — A judge must not respect the great man at the trial
  233. Lev. 19:15 — A judge must not pervert justice
  234. Lev. 19:15 — Judge righteously
  235. Lev. 19:16Not to speak derogatorily of others
  236. Lev. 19:16 — Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger
  237. Lev. 19:17 — Not to hate fellow Jews
  238. Lev. 19:17 — To reprove a sinner
  239. Lev. 19:17Not to embarrass others
  240. Lev. 19:18 — To love other Jews
  241. Lev. 19:18 — Not to take revenge
  242. Lev. 19:18 — Not to bear a grudge
  243. Lev. 19:19Not to plant diverse seeds together
  244. Lev. 19:19 — Not to crossbreed animals
  245. Lev. 18:21Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech
  246. Lev. 19:23Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years
  247. Lev. 19:24 — The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma'aser Sheni
  248. Lev. 19:26 — Not to be superstitious
  249. Lev. 19:26 — Not to engage in divination or soothsaying
  250. Lev. 19:27 — Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head
  251. Lev. 19:27 — Men must not shave their beards with a razor
  252. Lev. 19:28Not to tattoo the skin
  253. Lev. 19:30 — To show reverence to the Temple
  254. Lev. 19:31Not to perform ov (medium)
  255. Lev. 19:31Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer")
  256. Lev. 19:32 — To honor those who teach and know Torah
  257. Lev. 19:35 — Not to commit injustice with scales and weights
  258. Lev. 19:36 — Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate
  259. Lev. 21:1 — A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives
  260. Lev. 21:8 — To dedicate the Kohen for service
  261. Lev. 20:10 — The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation
  262. Lev. 20:14 — The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning
  263. Lev. 20:23 — Not to imitate them in customs and clothing
  264. Lev. 21:7 — A Kohen must not marry a divorcee
  265. Lev. 21:7 — A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship)
  266. Lev. 21:7 — A Kohen must not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") (party to or product of 169-172)
  267. Lev. 21:11 — The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative
  268. Lev. 21:11 — The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse
  269. Lev. 21:13 — The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden
  270. Lev. 21:14 — The High Priest must not marry a widow
  271. Lev. 21:15 — The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage
  272. Lev. 21:17 — A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve
  273. Lev. 21:17 — A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve
  274. Lev. 21:23 — A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar
  275. Lev. 22:2 — Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple
  276. Lev. 22:4 — An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah
  277. Lev. 22:7 — An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service
  278. Lev. 22:10 — A non-Kohen must not eat Terumah
  279. Lev. 22:10 — A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah
  280. Lev. 22:12 — A chalalah (party to #s 169-172 above) must not eat Terumah
  281. Lev. 22:15 — Not to eat untithed fruits
  282. Lev. 22:20 — Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar
  283. Lev. 22:21 — To offer only unblemished animals
  284. Lev. 22:21 — Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals
  285. Lev. 22:22 — Not to slaughter it
  286. Lev. 22:22 — Not to burn its fat
  287. Lev. 22:24 — Not to offer to God any castrated male animals
  288. Lev. 22:24 — Not to sprinkle its blood
  289. Lev. 22:25 — Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews
  290. Lev. 22:27 — To offer only animals which are at least eight days old
  291. Lev. 22:28 — Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day
  292. Lev. 22:30 — Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them
  293. Lev. 22:32To sanctify His Name
  294. Lev. 22:32Not to profane His Name
  295. Lev. 23:7 — To rest on the first day of Passover
  296. Lev. 23:8 — Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover
  297. Lev. 23:8 — To rest on the seventh day of Passover
  298. Lev. 23:8 — Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover
  299. Lev. 23:10 — To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat
  300. Lev. 23:14Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer
  301. Lev. 23:14 — Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer
  302. Lev. 23:14 — Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer
  303. Lev. 23:15 — Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought
  304. Lev. 23:17 — To bring two loaves to accompany the above sacrifice
  305. Lev. 23:21 — To rest on Shavuot
  306. Lev. 23:21 — Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot
  307. Lev. 23:24 — To rest on Rosh Hashanah
  308. Lev. 23:25 — Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah
  309. Lev. 23:29 — Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur
  310. Lev. 23:32 — To rest from prohibited labor on Yom Kippur
  311. Lev. 23:32 — Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur
  312. Lev. 23:35 — To rest on Sukkot
  313. Lev. 23:35 — Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot
  314. Lev. 23:36 — To rest on Shemini Atzeret
  315. Lev. 23:36 — Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret
  316. Lev. 23:40To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days
  317. Lev. 23:42 — To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot
  318. Lev. 25:4 — Not to work the land during the seventh year
  319. Lev. 25:4 — Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year
  320. Lev. 25:5 — Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner
  321. Lev. 25:5 — Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way
  322. Lev. 25:8 — The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years
  323. Lev. 25:9 — To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves
  324. Lev. 25:10 — The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year
  325. Lev. 25:11 — Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee)
  326. Lev. 25:11 — Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year
  327. Lev. 25:11 — Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year
  328. Lev. 25:14 — Conduct sales according to Torah law
  329. Lev. 25:14 — Not to overcharge or underpay for an article
  330. Lev. 25:17 — Not to insult or harm anybody with words
  331. Lev. 25:23 — Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely
  332. Lev. 25:24 — Carry out the laws of sold family properties
  333. Lev. 25:29 — Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities
  334. Lev. 25:34 — Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year
  335. Lev. 25:37 — Not to lend with interest
  336. Lev. 25:39 — Not to have him do menial slave labor
  337. Lev. 25:42 — Not to sell him as a slave is sold
  338. Lev. 25:43 — Not to work him oppressively
  339. Lev. 25:46Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs
  340. Lev. 25:53 — Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively
  341. Lev. 26:1 — Not to bow down before a smooth stone
  342. Lev. 27:2 — To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah
  343. Lev. 27:10 — Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice
  344. Lev. 27:10 — The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration
  345. Lev. 27:12-13 — To estimate the value of consecrated animals
  346. Lev. 27:14 — To estimate the value of consecrated houses
  347. Lev. 27:16 — To estimate the value of consecrated fields
  348. Lev. 27:26 — Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another
  349. Lev. 27:28 — Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem)
  350. Lev. 27:28 — Not to sell the cherem
  351. Lev. 27:28 — Not to redeem the cherem
  352. Lev. 27:32 — Separate the tithe from animals
  353. Lev. 27:33 — Not to redeem the tithe
  354. Num. 5:2 — To send the impure from the Temple
  355. Num. 5:3 — Impure people must not enter the Temple
  356. Num. 5:7 — To repent and confess wrongdoings
  357. Num. 5:15 — Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual)
  358. Num. 5:15 — Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (as usual)
  359. Num. 5:30 — To fulfill the laws of the Sotah
  360. Num. 6:3He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar
  361. Num. 6:3He must not eat fresh grapes
  362. Num. 6:3He must not eat raisins
  363. Num. 6:4He must not eat grape seeds
  364. Num. 6:4He must not eat grape skins
  365. Num. 6:5The Nazir must let his hair grow
  366. Num. 6:5He must not cut his hair
  367. Num. 6:7He must not come into contact with the dead
  368. Num. 6:6He must not be under the same roof as a corpse
  369. Num. 6:9He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period
  370. Num. 6:23The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily
  371. Num. 7:9 — The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders
  372. Num. 9:1 — To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah)
  373. Num. 9:11 — To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb
  374. Num. 9:11 — To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar
  375. Num. 9:12 — Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering
  376. Num. 9:12 — Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning
  377. Num. 10:9 — To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamity
  378. Num. 15:20 — To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen
  379. Num. 15:38 — To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments
  380. Num. 15:39 — Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see
  381. Num. 18:2 — To guard the Temple area
  382. Num. 18:3 — No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite
  383. Num. 18:4 — One who is not a Kohen must not serve
  384. Num. 18:5 — Not to leave the Temple unguarded
  385. Num. 18:15To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen
  386. Num. 18:17 — Not to redeem the firstborn
  387. Num. 18:23 — The Levites must work in the Temple
  388. Num. 18:24 — To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite
  389. Num. 18:26 — The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe
  390. Num. 19:2 — Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma)
  391. Num. 19:14 — Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead
  392. Num. 19:21 — Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water
  393. Num. 27:8 — Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance
  394. Num. 28:3 — To offer two lambs every day
  395. Num. 28:9 — To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat
  396. Num. 28:11 — To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh (" The New Month")
  397. Num. 28:19 — To bring additional offerings on Passover
  398. Num. 28:26 — To bring additional offerings on Shavuot
  399. Num. 29:2 — To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana
  400. Num. 29:8 — To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur
  401. Num. 29:13 — To bring additional offerings on Sukkot
  402. Num. 29:35 — To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret
  403. Num. 30:3 — Not to break oaths or vows
  404. Num. 30:3 — For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah
  405. Num. 35:2 — To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields
  406. Num. 35:12 — Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial
  407. Num. 35:12 — Not to pity the pursuer
  408. Num. 35:25 — The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge
  409. Num. 35:31 — Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer
  410. Num. 35:32 — Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge
  411. Deut. 1:17 — Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure
  412. Deut. 1:17 — The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment
  413. Deut. 5:19 — Not to desire another's possession — Yemenite->Deut. 5:18
  414. Deut. 6:4To know that He is One
  415. Deut. 6:5To love Him
  416. Deut. 6:7 — To learn Torah
  417. Deut. 6:7 — To say the Shema twice daily
  418. Deut. 6:8 — To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the head
  419. Deut. 6:8 — To bind tefillin on the arm
  420. Deut. 6:9 — To put a mezuzah on each door post
  421. Deut. 6:16 — Not to try the LORD unduly
  422. Deut. 7:2 — Not to make a covenant with idolaters
  423. Deut. 7:2 — Not to show favor to them
  424. Deut. 7:3Not to marry non-Jews
  425. Deut. 7:25 — Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols
  426. Deut. 7:26 — Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories
  427. Deut. 8:10To bless the Almighty after eating
  428. Deut. 10:19To love converts
  429. Deut. 10:20To fear Him
  430. Deut. 10:20 — To cleave to those who know Him
  431. Deut. 10:20 — To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court
  432. Deut. 12:2 — To destroy idols and their accessories
  433. Deut. 12:4 — Not to destroy objects associated with His Name
  434. Deut. 12:5-6 — To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival
  435. Deut. 12:11 — To offer all sacrifices in the Temple
  436. Deut. 12:13 — Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard
  437. Deut. 12:15 — To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified
  438. Deut. 12:17 — Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem
  439. Deut. 12:17 — Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem
  440. Deut. 12:17 — Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem
  441. Deut. 12:17 — The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem
  442. Deut. 12:17 — Not to eat its meat
  443. Deut. 12:17 — The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard
  444. Deut. 12:17 — Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood
  445. Deut. 12:17 — The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem
  446. Deut. 12:19 — Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites
  447. Deut. 12:21To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it
  448. Deut. 12:23 — Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature
  449. Deut. 12:26 — To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple
  450. Deut. 13:1 — Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations
  451. Deut. 13:1 — Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part
  452. Deut. 13:4 — Not to listen to a false prophet
  453. Deut. 13:9Not to love the idolater
  454. Deut. 13:9Not to cease hating the idolater
  455. Deut. 13:9Not to save the idolater
  456. Deut. 13:9Not to say anything in the idolater's defense
  457. Deut. 13:9Not to refrain from incriminating the idolater
  458. Deut. 13:12Not to missionize an individual to idol worship
  459. Deut. 13:14Not to turn a city to idolatry —> Ex. 23:13
  460. Deut. 13:14Not to prophesy in the name of idolatry
  461. Deut. 13:15 — Carefully interrogate the witness
  462. Deut. 13:17To burn a city that has turned to idol worship
  463. Deut. 13:17Not to rebuild it as a city
  464. Deut. 13:18Not to derive benefit from it
  465. Deut. 14:1 — Not to tear the skin in mourning
  466. Deut. 14:1 — Not to make a bald spot in mourning
  467. Deut. 14:3 — Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished
  468. Deut. 14:11 — To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
  469. Deut. 14:19Not to eat non-kosher flying insects
  470. Deut. 14:21Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter
  471. Deut. 14:22 — To set aside the second tithe (Ma'aser Sheni)
  472. Deut. 14:28 — To separate the "tithe for the poor"
  473. Deut. 15:2 — To release all loans during the seventh year
  474. Deut. 15:2 — Not to pressure or claim from the borrower
  475. Deut. 15:3 — Press the idolater for payment
  476. Deut. 15:7 — Not to withhold charity from the poor
  477. Deut. 15:8 — To give charity
  478. Deut. 15:9 — Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss
  479. Deut. 15:14 — Give him gifts when he goes free
  480. Deut. 15:13 — Not to send him away empty-handed
  481. Deut. 15:19 — Not to work consecrated animals
  482. Deut. 15:19 — Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals
  483. Deut. 16:3 — Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan
  484. Deut. 16:4 — Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th
  485. Deut. 16:14 — To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering)
  486. Deut. 16:16 — To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot
  487. Deut. 16:16 — Not to appear at the Temple without offerings
  488. Deut. 16:18 — Appoint judges
  489. Deut. 16:21 — Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard
  490. Deut. 16:22 — Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship
  491. Deut. 17:1 — Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal
  492. Deut. 17:11 — Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin
  493. Deut. 17:11 — Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin
  494. Deut. 17:15 — Appoint a king from Israel
  495. Deut. 17:15 — Not to appoint a foreigner
  496. Deut. 17:16 — The king must not have too many horses
  497. Deut. 17:16 — Not to dwell permanently in Egypt
  498. Deut. 17:17 — The king must not have too many wives
  499. Deut. 17:17 — The king must not have too much silver and gold
  500. Deut. 17:18 — The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself
  501. Deut. 18:1 — The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in
  502. Deut. 18:1 — The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war
  503. Deut. 18:3 — To give the foreleg, two cheeks, and abomasum of slaughtered animals to a Kohen
  504. Deut. 18:4 — To set aside Terumah Gedolah (gift for the Kohen)
  505. Deut. 18:4 — To give the first shearing of sheep to a Kohen
  506. Deut. 18:6-8 — The work of the Kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays
  507. Deut. 18:10 — Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc.
  508. Deut. 18:10 — Not to perform acts of magic
  509. Deut. 18:11 — Not to mutter incantations
  510. Deut. 18:11 — Not to attempt to contact the dead
  511. Deut. 18:11 — Not to consult the ov
  512. Deut. 18:11 — Not to consult the yidoni
  513. Deut. 18:15 — To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name
  514. Deut. 18:20 — Not to prophesy falsely in the name of God
  515. Deut. 18:22 — Not to be afraid of the false prophet
  516. Deut. 19:3 — Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access
  517. Deut. 19:13 — A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial
  518. Deut. 19:14 — Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property
  519. Deut. 19:15 — Not to accept testimony from a lone witness
  520. Deut. 19:17 — A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes
  521. Deut. 19:19 — Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant
  522. Deut. 20:2 — Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war
  523. Deut. 20:3 — Not to panic and retreat during battle
  524. Deut. 20:10 — Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms
  525. Deut. 20:16 — Not to let any of them remain alive
  526. Deut. 20:17 — Destroy the seven Canaanite nations
  527. Deut. 20:19 — Not to destroy food trees even during the siege
  528. Deut. 21:4 — Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder
  529. Deut. 21:4 — Not to work nor plant that river valley
  530. Deut. 21:11 — Keep the laws of the captive woman
  531. Deut. 21:14 — Not to sell her into slavery
  532. Deut. 21:14 — Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her
  533. Deut. 21:18 — Not to be a rebellious son
  534. Deut. 21:22 — The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry
  535. Deut. 21:23 — Bury the executed on the day they are killed
  536. Deut. 21:23 — Not to delay burial overnight
  537. Deut. 22:1 — Return the lost object
  538. Deut. 22:3 — Not to ignore a lost object
  539. Deut. 22:4 — Help others load their beast
  540. Deut. 22:4 — Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload)
  541. Deut. 22:5 — Men must not wear women's clothing
  542. Deut. 22:5 — Women must not wear men's clothing
  543. Deut. 22:6 — To send away the mother bird before taking its children
  544. Deut. 22:7 — To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest
  545. Deut. 22:8 — Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property
  546. Deut. 22:8 — Make a guard rail around flat roofs
  547. Deut. 22:9Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard
  548. Deut. 22:9 — Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard
  549. Deut. 22:10 — Not to work different animals together
  550. Deut. 22:11 — Not to wear shaatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen
  551. Deut. 22:13 — To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin
  552. Deut. 22:19 — The slanderer must remain married to his wife
  553. Deut. 22:19 — He must not divorce her
  554. Deut. 22:24 — The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning
  555. Deut. 22:29 — The rapist must marry his victim if she is unwed
  556. Deut. 22:29 — He is never allowed to divorce her
  557. Deut. 23:2 — Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people
  558. Deut. 23:2 — A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases
  559. Deut. 23:3 — Not to let a mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people
  560. Deut. 23:4Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people
  561. Deut. 23:7 — Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them
  562. Deut. 23:8-9 — Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Egyptian convert enter the Assembly
  563. Deut. 23:8-9 — Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Edomite convert enter the Assembly
  564. Deut. 23:11 — Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area
  565. Deut. 23:13 — Prepare latrines outside the camps
  566. Deut. 23:14 — Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with
  567. Deut. 23:16 — Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel
  568. Deut. 23:16 — Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge
  569. Deut. 23:18Not to have sexual relations with women not thus married
  570. Deut. 23:19 — Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog. Some interpret "exchanged for a dog" as referring to wage of a male prostitute.[15][16]
  571. Deut. 23:20 — Not to borrow with interest
  572. Deut. 23:21 — Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest
  573. Deut. 23:22 — Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow
  574. Deut. 23:24 — To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed
  575. Deut. 23:25 — The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works
  576. Deut. 23:25 — The worker must not take more than he can eat
  577. Deut. 23:26 — The worker must not eat while on hired time
  578. Deut. 24:1 — To issue a divorce by means of a Get document
  579. Deut. 24:4 — A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else
  580. Deut. 24:5 — He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions
  581. Deut. 24:5 — Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military
  582. Deut. 24:6 — Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food
  583. Deut. 24:8 — The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity
  584. Deut. 24:10 — The creditor must not forcibly take collateral
  585. Deut. 24:12 — Not to delay its return when needed
  586. Deut. 24:13 — Return the collateral to the debtor when needed
  587. Deut. 24:15 — Pay wages on the day they were earned
  588. Deut. 24:16 — Relatives of the litigants must not testify
  589. Deut. 24:17 — Not to demand collateral from a widow
  590. Deut. 24:17 — A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan
  591. Deut. 24:19 — To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field
  592. Deut. 24:19 — Not to retrieve them
  593. Deut. 25:2 — The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer
  594. Deut. 25:3 — The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes
  595. Deut. 25:4 — Not to muzzle an ox while plowing
  596. Deut. 25:5To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother)
  597. Deut. 25:5 — The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah)
  598. Deut. 25:9To perform halizah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum)
  599. Deut. 25:12 — Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer
  600. Deut. 25:13 — Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use
  601. Deut. 25:17 — Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people
  602. Deut. 25:19 — Wipe out the memory of Amalek
  603. Deut. 25:19 — Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert
  604. Deut. 26:5 — To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation
  605. Deut. 26:13 — To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year
  606. Deut. 26:14 — Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment
  607. Deut. 26:14 — Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni while impure
  608. Deut. 26:14 — A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma'aser Sheni
  609. Deut. 22:26 — The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime
  610. Deut. 28:9To emulate His ways
  611. Deut. 31:12 — To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year
  612. Deut. 31:19 — Each male must write a Torah scroll
  613. Deut. 32:38Not to drink wine poured in service to idols

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