5th parallel north

The 5th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 5 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and South America.

The Pacific Ocean is at its widest (approximately 19,300 km) on this parallel.[1]

Line across the Earth
5th parallel north

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 5° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
5°0′N 0°0′E / 5.000°N 0.000°E Atlantic Ocean Bight of Benin
5°0′N 5°26′E / 5.000°N 5.433°E  Nigeria
5°0′N 8°41′E / 5.000°N 8.683°E  Cameroon
5°0′N 14°41′E / 5.000°N 14.683°E  Central African Republic
5°0′N 19°14′E / 5.000°N 19.233°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5°0′N 19°53′E / 5.000°N 19.883°E  Central African Republic
5°0′N 24°18′E / 5.000°N 24.300°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5°0′N 24°38′E / 5.000°N 24.633°E  Central African Republic
5°0′N 25°8′E / 5.000°N 25.133°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5°0′N 27°29′E / 5.000°N 27.483°E  South Sudan
5°0′N 35°39′E / 5.000°N 35.650°E  Kenya Passes through the northernmost part of Kenya at the border with South Sudan
5°0′N 35°49′E / 5.000°N 35.817°E  Ethiopia
5°0′N 45°3′E / 5.000°N 45.050°E  Somalia
5°0′N 48°16′E / 5.000°N 48.267°E Indian Ocean Passing between Southern Maalhosmadulhu Atoll and Horsburgh Atoll,  Maldives
Passing just north of the island of Kaashidhoo,  Maldives
5°0′N 95°21′E / 5.000°N 95.350°E  Indonesia Island of Sumatra
5°0′N 97°44′E / 5.000°N 97.733°E Strait of Malacca
5°0′N 100°29′E / 5.000°N 100.483°E  Malaysia Perak, Kelantan, Terengganu, on Peninsular Malaysia
5°0′N 103°19′E / 5.000°N 103.317°E South China Sea
5°0′N 114°55′E / 5.000°N 114.917°E  Brunei On the island of Borneo
5°0′N 115°7′E / 5.000°N 115.117°E Brunei Bay
5°0′N 115°27′E / 5.000°N 115.450°E  Malaysia Sabah, island of Borneo
5°0′N 118°52′E / 5.000°N 118.867°E Celebes Sea Passing north of the Sibutu islands,  Philippines
Passing between the islands of Bongao and Simunul,  Philippines
5°0′N 120°0′E / 5.000°N 120.000°E  Philippines Island of Bilatan
5°0′N 120°1′E / 5.000°N 120.017°E Celebes Sea Passing just south of the islands of Banaran and Mantabuan,  Philippines
5°0′N 125°23′E / 5.000°N 125.383°E Pacific Ocean Passing between the islands of Sonsorol and Pulo Anna,  Palau
Passing just south of Satawan and Kosrae atolls,  Federated States of Micronesia
Passing between Namdrik and Ebon atolls,  Marshall Islands
Passing just north of Teraina atoll,  Kiribati
Passing just south of Cocos Island,  Costa Rica
5°0′N 77°22′W / 5.000°N 77.367°W  Colombia
5°0′N 67°48′W / 5.000°N 67.800°W  Venezuela
5°0′N 60°35′W / 5.000°N 60.583°W  Brazil Roraima
5°0′N 59°59′W / 5.000°N 59.983°W Disputed area Controlled by  Guyana, claimed by  Venezuela
5°0′N 58°50′W / 5.000°N 58.833°W  Guyana
5°0′N 57°42′W / 5.000°N 57.700°W  Suriname For about 7 km
5°0′N 57°38′W / 5.000°N 57.633°W  Guyana For about 6 km
5°0′N 57°34′W / 5.000°N 57.567°W  Suriname For about 8 km
5°0′N 57°30′W / 5.000°N 57.500°W  Guyana For about 12 km
5°0′N 57°24′W / 5.000°N 57.400°W  Suriname
5°0′N 54°26′W / 5.000°N 54.433°W  France French Guiana
5°0′N 52°25′W / 5.000°N 52.417°W Atlantic Ocean
5°0′N 9°2′W / 5.000°N 9.033°W  Liberia
5°0′N 7°32′W / 5.000°N 7.533°W  Ivory Coast
5°0′N 5°56′W / 5.000°N 5.933°W Atlantic Ocean Gulf of Guinea
5°0′N 2°40′W / 5.000°N 2.667°W  Ghana
5°0′N 1°38′W / 5.000°N 1.633°W Atlantic Ocean Bight of Benin

See also


  1. ^ "Pacific Ocean". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
20th meridian west

The meridian 20° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Iceland, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 20th meridian west forms a great circle with the 160th meridian east.

In Antarctica, the meridian defines the border between the British Antarctic Territory and Queen Maud Land. Between the 5th parallel north and the 60th parallel south it forms the eastern boundary of the Latin American Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone.

4th parallel north

The 4th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 4 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.


5N, 5-N, or 5°N may refer to:

5N or 5°N, the 5th parallel north latitude

5N Plus Inc., Canadian metals manufacturer

Saturn C-5N, a rocket

Nigeria, aircraft registration code

Aeroflot-Nord (IATA airline designator)

NJ 5N, renamed New Jersey Route 53

F-5N, a model of Northrop F-5

MP-5N, a model of Heckler & Koch MP5

SSH 5N (WA) Washington State Route 161

F4U-5N, a model of Vought F4U Corsair

F6F-5N, a model of Grumman F6F Hellcat

AD-5N, a model of Douglas A-1 Skyraider

8A-5N, a model of Northrop A-17

M-5N, a model of Suunto protractor compass

5N, a model of HP LaserJet 5

HP 5N, ISO/IEC 8859-9 (Latin 5) character set on printers by Hewlett-Packard

5N, the production code for the 1980 Doctor Who serial The Leisure Hive

5th parallel

5th parallel may refer to:

5th parallel north, a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere

5th parallel south, a circle of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere

Consecutive fifths or parallel fifths, a term used in music

6th parallel north

The 6th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 6 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

History of Palau

Palau was initially settled around 1000 BC.

For the first time, Palau was probably sighted by Europeans early as 1522, when the Spanish mission of the Trinidad, the flagship of Ferdinand Magellan's voyage of circumnavigation, sighted two small islands around the 5th parallel north, naming them "San Juan" without visiting them.

Palau was truly discovered by the Europeans on 28 December 1696 when the first map of Palau was drawn by the Czech missionary Paul Klein based on a description given by a group of Palauans shipwrecked on the Philippine coast on Samar. This map and a letter sent to Europe by Klein in June 1697 had a vast impact on the surge of interest in Palau. It resulted in the first and failed the Jesuit attempts to travel to the islands from the Philippines in 1700, 1708 and 1709. The islands were first visited by the Jesuit expedition led by Francisco Padilla on 30 November 1710, only to leave 2 stranded priests Jacques Du Beron and Joseph Cortyl on the coast of Sonsorol, while the mother ship Santissima Trinidad was being swept away by a storm. Subsequent attempts to save Du Beron and Cortyl learned that they were killed and eaten by the locals.

After further attempts, Palau islands were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1885. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. British traders became prominent visitors in the 18th century, followed by expanding Spanish influence in the 19th century. Following its defeat in the Spanish–American War, Spain sold Palau and most of the rest of the Caroline Islands to Germany in 1899. Control passed to Japan in 1914 and during World War II the islands were taken by the United States in 1944, with the costly Battle of Peleliu between September 15 and November 25 with more than 2,000 Americans and 10,000 Japanese killed. The islands passed formally to the United States under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

Four of the Trust Territory districts formed a single federated Micronesian state in 1979, but the districts of Palau and the Marshall Islands declined to participate. Palau, the westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands, instead opted for independent status in 1978, approved a new constitution and became the Republic of Palau in 1981, and signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States in 1982. After eight referendums and an amendment to the Palauan constitution, the Compact was ratified in 1993 and went into effect on October 1, 1994, marking Palau independent de jure (after Palau was independent de facto since May 25, 1994, when the trusteeship cancelled).

Legislation making Palau an "offshore" financial center was passed by the Senate in 1998. In 2001, Palau passed its first bank regulation and anti-money laundering laws.

List of circles of latitude

Following is a list of circles of latitude on Earth.

Low-pressure area

A low-pressure area, low, depression or cyclone is a region on the topographic map where the atmospheric pressure is lower than that of surrounding locations. Low-pressure systems form under areas of wind divergence that occur in the upper levels of the troposphere. The formation process of a low-pressure area is known as cyclogenesis. Within the field of meteorology, atmospheric divergence aloft occurs in two areas. The first area is on the east side of upper troughs, which form half of a Rossby wave within the Westerlies (a trough with large wavelength that extends through the troposphere). A second area of wind divergence aloft occurs ahead of embedded shortwave troughs, which are of smaller wavelength. Diverging winds aloft ahead of these troughs cause atmospheric lift within the troposphere below, which lowers surface pressures as upward motion partially counteracts the force of gravity.

Thermal lows form due to localized heating caused by greater sunshine over deserts and other land masses. Since localized areas of warm air are less dense than their surroundings, this warmer air rises, which lowers atmospheric pressure near that portion of the Earth's surface. Large-scale thermal lows over continents help drive monsoon circulations. Low-pressure areas can also form due to organized thunderstorm activity over warm water. When this occurs over the tropics in concert with the Intertropical Convergence Zone, it is known as a monsoon trough. Monsoon troughs reach their northerly extent in August and their southerly extent in February. When a convective low acquires a well-hot circulation in the tropics it is termed a tropical cyclone. Tropical cyclones can form during any month of the year globally, but can occur in either the northern or southern hemisphere during December.

Atmospheric lift will also generally produce cloud cover through adiabatic cooling once the air becomes saturated as it rises, although the low-pressure area typically brings cloudy skies, which act to minimize diurnal temperature extremes. Since clouds reflect sunlight, incoming shortwave solar radiation decreases, which causes lower temperatures during the day. At night the absorptive effect of clouds on outgoing longwave radiation, such as heat energy from the surface, allows for warmer diurnal low temperatures in all seasons. The stronger the area of low pressure, the stronger the winds experienced in its vicinity. Globally, low-pressure systems are most frequently located over the Tibetan Plateau and in the lee of the Rocky mountains. In Europe (particularly in the British Isles and Netherlands), recurring low-pressure weather systems are typically known as "depressions".


Palau ( (listen), historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Palauan: Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country contains approximately 340 islands, forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia, and has an area of 466 square kilometers (180 sq mi). The most populous island is Koror. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with the Philippines, Indonesia, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

The country was originally settled approximately 3,000 years ago by migrants from Insular Southeast Asia. The islands were first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea, although the islands were already represented in the Malolos Congress of the revolutionary First Philippine Republic. The Imperial Japanese Navy conquered Palau during World War I, and the islands were later made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, which provides defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress. Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing, with a significant portion of gross national product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The islands' culture mixes Micronesian, Melanesian, Asian, and Western elements. Ethnic Palauans, the majority of the population, are of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent. A smaller proportion of the population is descended from Japanese and Filipino settlers. The country's two official languages are Palauan (a member of the Austronesian language family) and English, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognized as regional languages.

Parallel 36°30′ north

The parallel 36°30′ north is a circle of latitude that is 36 and one-half degrees north of the equator of the Earth. This parallel of latitude is particularly significant in the history of the United States as the line of the Missouri Compromise, which was used to divide the prospective slave and free states west of the Mississippi River, with the exception of Missouri, which is mostly north of this parallel.

Solar eclipse of April 3, 1848

A partial solar eclipse occurred on April 3, 1848 during fall. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A partial solar eclipse occurs in the polar regions of the Earth when the center of the Moon's shadow misses the Earth.

It was the second of four partial eclipses that took place that year, each two in two months, the last one was on March 5 in the Northern Hemisphere, the next one was in a smaller portion of the same location on August 28, 1848. It was a solar saros 146 cycle


A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the Northwestern Pacific Basin, and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world's annual tropical cyclones. For organizational purposes, the northern Pacific Ocean is divided into three regions: the eastern (North America to 140°W), central (140°W to 180°), and western (180° to 100°E). The Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for tropical cyclone forecasts is in Japan, with other tropical cyclone warning centers for the northwest Pacific in Hawaii (the Joint Typhoon Warning Center), the Philippines and Hong Kong. While the RSMC names each system, the main name list itself is coordinated among 18 countries that have territories threatened by typhoons each year A hurricane is a storm that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean or the northeastern Pacific Ocean, a typhoon occurs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, and a tropical cyclone occurs in the South Pacific or the Indian Ocean.Within the northwestern Pacific, there are no official typhoon seasons as tropical cyclones form throughout the year. Like any tropical cyclone, there are a few main requirements for typhoon formation and development: (1) sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures, (2) atmospheric instability, (3) high humidity in the lower to middle levels of the troposphere, (4) enough Coriolis effect to develop a low pressure center, (5) a pre-existing low level focus or disturbance, and (6) a low vertical wind shear. While the majority of storms form between June and November, a few storms do occur between December and May (although tropical cyclone formation is at a minimum during that time). On average, the northwestern Pacific features the most numerous and intense tropical cyclones globally. Like other basins, they are steered by the subtropical ridge towards the west or northwest, with some systems recurving near and east of Japan. The Philippines receive the brunt of the landfalls, with China and Japan being impacted slightly less. Some of the deadliest typhoons in history have struck China. Southern China has the longest record of typhoon impacts for the region, with a thousand-year sample via documents within their archives. Taiwan has received the wettest known typhoon on record for the northwest Pacific tropical cyclone basins.

Typhoon Kelly (1987)

Typhoon Kelly, known as Typhoon Oniang in the Philippines, struck Japan during the middle of October 1987. An area of disturbed weather formed along the monsoon trough near Yap on October 6. Although thunderstorm activity was initially displaced from the center, gradual development occurred nevertheless. The disturbance became a tropical depression on October 9, and a tropical storm the next day. While moving generally north-northwest towards Japan, Kelly attained typhoon intensity on October 12. Continuing to intensify, Typhoon Kelly reached its maximum intensity on October 15, but a weakening trend began thereafter. The next day, the typhoon passed over the islands of Shikoku and Honshu. By October 17, Kelly completed its transition into an extratropical cyclone.

Across Japan, the typhoon was responsible for 452 landslides, 20 destroyed bridges, and 165 damaged roads. A total of 216 homes were destroyed, 24,044 houses were flooded, 99 ships were damaged, and 6,802 ha (16,810 acres) of farmland were damaged. The typhoon killed nine and injured seventeen others. Damage amounted to $365.6 million (1987 USD).

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