5th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment

The 5th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was a part of the famed Michigan Brigade, commanded for a time by Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer.

5th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Cavalry
Flag of Michigan
Michigan state flag
ActiveAugust 30, 1862, to June 23, 1866
CountryUnited States
AllegianceUnion
BranchCavalry
EngagementsAmerican Civil War
 • Battle of Winchester
 • Battle of Cedar Mountain
 • Battle of Second Bull Run
 • Battle of Gettysburg
 • Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond
 • Battle of the Wilderness
 • Battle of Yellow Tavern
 • Battle of Cedar Creek
 • Battle of Five Forks
 • Appomattox
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Russell A. Alger

Service

Organized in Detroit, Michigan, the 5th Michigan Cavalry was mustered into service on August 30, 1862, and left for Washington, D.C., on December 4 of that year. The regiment served in the defenses of the capital until June 1863, when it joined the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Over the next month, the 5th Michigan Cavalry took part in a several major battles, including the Battle of Hanover on June 30, the Battle of Gettysburg from July 1 to July 3, and the Battle of Williamsport from July 6 to July 14. The regiment then participated in a series of smaller engagements followed by the Battle of Mine Run from November 26 to December 2.[1]

Early in 1864 came the Battle of Morton's Ford, on February 6 and 7, and three months later the Overland Campaign began. The 5th Michigan saw action in several battles of this campaign, including the Battle of the Wilderness on May 6 and 7, the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek from May 28 to 31, and the Battle of Cold Harbor from May 31 to June 1. After the First Battle of Deep Bottom on July 27 and 28, the unit was ordered back towards Washington, D.C., to take part in Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign from August to October. The 5th Michigan saw action in the Battles of Trevilian Station,Opequon, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek. The next spring, in late March and early April 1865, the regiment took part in a series of battles of the Appomattox Campaign: at Dinwiddie Court House, Five Forks, Sayler's Creek, Appomattox Station, and finally Appomattox Court House, which ended with the surrender of the Confederate Army. After participating in one last expedition, the regiment headed to Washington in May, where it took part in the Grand Review of the Armies.[1]

The regiment was moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on June 1 before being mustered out of service on June 23, 1865. Veterans and recruits were transferred to the 1st Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment.[1]

Total strength and casualties

The regiment suffered 6 officers and 135 enlisted men killed in action or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 322 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 466 fatalities.[2]

Notable soldiers

Russell A. Alger served as commander of the 5th Michigan Cavalry beginning in February 1863; he later became the Governor of Michigan, U.S. Secretary of War, and a U.S. Senator. Among the initial officers of the regiment was William d'Alton Mann, a future newspaper and magazine publisher. Future United States Representative from Michigan Jonas H. McGowan served in the 5th until November 1862, when he accepted a captaincy in the 9th Michigan Cavalry. A 5th Michigan cavalryman was responsible for the death of Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart; during the Battle of Yellow Tavern, Private John A. Huff of Company E shot and mortally wounded the general.

Three men earned the Medal of Honor while serving with the 5th Michigan Cavalry. Captain Smith H. Hastings of Company M was awarded the medal for his actions during an engagement in Newby's Crossroads, Virginia, on July 24, 1863. Two enlisted men, Corporal Gabriel Cole of Company I and Sergeant Henry M. Fox of Company M, received the medal for capturing battle flags during the Battle of Opequon at Winchester, Virginia, on September 19, 1864.[3]

Crawley P. Dake raised a company of volunteers for the 5th Michigan Cavalry.[4] He was later a U.S Marshal in the Arizona Territory from 1878 to 1882 noted for introducing new techniques and helping to improve working relationships between law enforcement officers. He was noted for his creativity and ability for deputizing civilian posses after the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878 was passed.[5]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "5th Regiment, Michigan Cavalry". Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. National Park Service. Archived from the original on July 14, 2001. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
  2. ^ http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unmicav.htm#5th The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959. Retrieved June 19, 2007.
  3. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients: Civil War (A-L)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 6, 2009. Archived from the original on November 25, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
  4. ^ Ball, Larry D. (1999). The United States Marshals of New Mexico and Arizona Territories, 1846-1912. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0826306173. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  5. ^ Crawley P. Dake at Find a Grave

References

Joseph T. Copeland

Joseph Tarr Copeland (May 6, 1813 – May 6, 1893) was a Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court from 1852 until 1857, as well as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Legend (TV series)

Legend is a science fiction Western television show that ran on UPN from April 18, 1995 until August 22, 1995, with one final re-airing of the pilot on July 3, 1996. It starred Richard Dean Anderson and John de Lancie.

List of Michigan Civil War units

This article provides a list of Michigan military units active during the American Civil War. As a northern state, Michigan was part of the Union, and its units were active during the entire length of the war. Units included the Michigan Brigade (known as the "Wolverines"), which served under George Armstrong Custer during the Gettysburg Campaign.

Russell A. Alger

Russell Alexander Alger (February 27, 1836 – January 24, 1907) was the 20th Governor and U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan and also U.S. Secretary of War during the Presidential administration of William McKinley. He was supposedly a distant relation of Horatio Alger; although Russell Alger lived his own "rags-to-riches" success tale, eventually becoming an army officer, financier, lumber baron, railroad owner, and government official in several high offices.

Smith H. Hastings

Smith H. Hastings (December 27, 1843 - October 13, 1905) was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.Hastings was born in Quincy, Michigan on December 27, 1843. He was awarded the Medal of Honor, for extraordinary heroism on July 24, 1863, while serving as a Captain with Company M, 5th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, at Newbys Crossroads, Virginia. His Medal of Honor was issued on August 2, 1897.He died at the age of 61, on October 13, 1905 and was buried at the Riverside Cemetery in Denver, Colorado.

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