5th Indiana Cavalry Regiment

The 5th Indiana Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

5th Regiment Indiana Cavalry
Alternative (and clearer) image of Capt. Mathew Simpson Clegg of the 5th Indiana Cavalry Regiment, Co. M
Captain Mathew Simpson Clegg of Co. M
ActiveAugust 22, 1862 - June 16, 1865
CountryUnited States
AllegianceUnion
BranchCavalry
EngagementsMorgan's Christmas Raid
Morgan's Raid
Battle of Buffington Island
Knoxville Campaign
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Dallas
Battle of New Hope Church
Battle of Allatoona
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Stoneman's Raid

Service

The 5th Indiana Cavalry was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana as the 90th Indiana Volunteers beginning August 22, 1862 and mustered in for three-year service under the command of Colonel Felix W. Graham. (Robert R. Stewart was commissioned October 18, 1862 to command the regiment, but he declined.)

The regiment was attached to District of Western Kentucky, Department of the Ohio, to June 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps, Department of the Ohio, to August 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps, to October 1863. 4th Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps, to November 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Department of the Ohio, to May 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, XXIII Corps, to July 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, XXIII Corps, to August 1864. Dismounted Cavalry Brigade, Cavalry Division, XXIII Corps, to September 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, XXIII Corps, to September 1864. Louisville, Kentucky, to November 1864. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, to December 1864. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, Cavalry corps, Military Division of the Mississippi, to June 1865.

The 5th Indiana Cavalry mustered out of service June 16, 1865.

Detailed service

The regiment moved to Louisville, Ky., February 28, 1863; then to Glasgow, Ky., March 4-11. (Companies C, F, and I moved to Louisville, Ky., December 1862; then to Munfordsville, Ky., and joined the regiment at Glasgow, Ky., March 1863.) Operations against Morgan in Kentucky December 22, 1862, to January 2, 1863 (Companies C, F, & I). Action Burkesville Road, near Green's Chapel, December 25, 1862 (Companies C, F, & I). Scout duty from Glasgow, Ky., toward the Cumberland River until April 17, 1863. Expedition to the Cumberland River April 18-22. Skirmish at Cumberland River April 18. Celina April 19. Scouting in the vicinity of Glasgow until June 22. Marrow Bone Creek, Tenn., May 18. Near Edmonton, Ky., June 7. Expedition from Glasgow to Burkesville and Tennessee State line June 8-10. Kettle Creek June 9. Moved to Tompkinsville June 22. Pursuit of Morgan July 4-26. Buffington Island, Ohio, July 19. March from Louisville to Glasgow July 27-August 8. Burnside's Campaign in eastern Tennessee August 16-October 17. Occupation of Knoxville, Tenn., September 2. Rheatown September 12. Kingsport September 18. Bristol, Va., September 19. Zollicoffer September 20-21. Jonesborough September 21. Hall's Ford, Watauga River, September 22. Carter's Depot and Blountsville September 22. Blue Springs October 10. Henderson's Mill October 11. Rheatown October 11. Blountsville October 14. Bristol October 15. Warm Springs October 20 and 26. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Log Mountain December 3. Walker's Ford, Clinch River, December 5. Bean's Station December 14 Blain's Cross Roads December 16-19. Clinch River December 21. Morristown Road January 16, 1864. Kimbrough's Mills January 16. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17 and January 26-28. Near Fair Garden January 27. March to Knoxville, then to Cumberland Gap January 29-February 10. March to Mt. Sterling, Ky., February 17-26. Duty at Mt. Sterling, Paris, and Nicholasville, Ky., until May 1. March to Tunnel Hill, Ga., May 1-12. Atlanta Campaign May to September. Varnell's Station May 7 and 9. Demonstration on Dalton May 9-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church, and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Mt. Zion Church May 27-28. Stoneman's Hill May 29. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Allatoona June 23-25 and 30. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Mitchell's Cross Roads July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Campbellton July 10. Marietta July 19. Stoneman's Raid to Macon July 27-August 6. Clinton and Macon July 30. Sunshine Church, Hillsbore, July 30-31 (most of the regiment captured). Dismounted men on guard duty at Decatur and Atlanta until September 13. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., and guard duty there until January 1865. March to Pulaski, Tenn., January 17-February 12. Post duty at Pulaski and operations against guerrillas in that vicinity until June. Expedition from Pulaski to New Market, Ala., May 5-13.

Casualties

The regiment lost a total of 230 men during service; 1 officer and 40 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 188 enlisted men died of disease.

Commanders

  • Colonel Felix W. Graham - resigned December 15, 1863
  • Colonel Thomas Harvey Butler

Notable members

See also

References

  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Holmes, Erastus. A Hoosier in Andersonville (Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse), 2013. ISBN 1-4918-0124-7
Attribution
  • This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.
George Stoneman

George Stoneman Jr. (August 8, 1822 – September 5, 1894) was a United States Army cavalry officer, trained at West Point, where his roommate was Stonewall Jackson. In the Civil War he became Adjutant to George B. McClellan, who did not appreciate the use of centralized cavalry, and was therefore outperformed by the Confederates, who did.

At Chancellorsville, under Joseph Hooker, Stoneman failed in an ambitious attempt to penetrate behind enemy lines, getting bogged down at an important river crossing. Hooker's sharp criticism of Stoneman may have been partly aimed at deflecting the heavy blame being directed at himself for the loss of this major battle that most generals believed to be winnable.

While commanding cavalry under William Tecumseh Sherman in Georgia, Stoneman was captured, but soon exchanged.

During the early years after the American Civil War, Stoneman commanded occupying troops at Memphis, Tennessee, who were stationed at Fort Pickering. He had turned over control of law enforcement to the civilian government by May 1866, when the Memphis riots broke out and the major black neighborhoods were destroyed. When the city asked for help, he suppressed the white rioting with use of federal troops. He later moved out to California, where he had an estate in the San Gabriel Valley. He was elected as governor of California, serving between 1883 and 1887. He was not nominated a second time.

John Woolley (general)

John Woolley (1824 – April 4, 1873) was a Union Army lieutenant colonel, provost marshal and brevet colonel during the American Civil War. His name is sometimes spelled Wooley.Woolley began his Union Army service as a first lieutenant in the 2nd Indiana Cavalry Regiment on October 3, 1861 and within a few days was transferred to the 5th Indiana Cavalry Regiment. He was promoted to major on March 27, 1862 and to lieutenant colonel on March 8, 1864.On March 12, 1864, due to his previous association with General Lew Wallace, Woolley was made Wallace's provost marshal and was headquartered at Baltimore until he was mustered out of the volunteers on February 5, 1866.On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Woolley for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.John Woolley died on April 4, 1873 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was buried at Wood National Cemetery in Milwaukee.

List of Indiana Civil War units

List of military units raised by the state of Indiana during the American Civil War.

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