59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway)

59th Street–Columbus Circle is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and the IND Eighth Avenue Line. It is the eighth-busiest station complex in the system.[4] It is located at Columbus Circle in Manhattan, where 59th Street, Broadway and Eighth Avenue intersect, and serves Central Park, the Upper West Side, Hell's Kitchen, and Midtown Manhattan. The station is served by the:

  • 1, A, and D trains at all times
  • C train at all times except late nights
  • B train during weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
  • 2 train during late nights
 59 Street–Columbus Circle
 "1" train"A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
BwyWalk0505 StationColumbusCircle
Station entrance north of Columbus Circle
Station statistics
AddressIntersection of West 59th Street, Eighth Avenue & Broadway
New York, NY 10023
BoroughManhattan
LocaleColumbus Circle, Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates40°46′05″N 73°58′55″W / 40.767997°N 73.981934°WCoordinates: 40°46′05″N 73°58′55″W / 40.767997°N 73.981934°W
DivisionA (IRT), B (IND)
LineIND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
      2 late nights (late nights)​
      A all times (all times)
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      D all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M5, M7, M10, M12, M20, M104
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Levels2
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948[1]
Station code614[2]
Accessible ADA-accessible
Wireless service[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)22,929,203 (station complex)[4]Decrease 1.2%
Rank8 out of 425

Station layout

G Street level Exits/entrances
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Shops, to exits
Elevators on NE corner of Columbus Circle and Central Park W and on SW corner of 8th Avenue and Columbus Circle
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street ("2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street late nights) (66th Street–Lincoln Center)
Northbound express "2" train "3" train do not stop here
Southbound express "2" train "3" train do not stop here →
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry ("2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College late nights) (50th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B2 IND Mezzanine Transfers between lines and platforms
B3 Northbound local "B" train toward Bedford Park Boulevard rush hours, 145th Street other times (72nd Street)
"C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward Inwood–207th Street late nights) (72nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains
Northbound express "A" train toward Inwood–207th Street (125th Street)
"D" train toward Norwood–205th Street (125th Street)
Island platform, not in service, used as passageway between IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms
Southbound express "A" train toward Far Rockaway or Lefferts Boulevard (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush hours) (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
"D" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Seventh Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains
Southbound local "B" train toward Brighton Beach (Seventh Avenue)
"C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (50th Street)

Entrances and exits

Columbus Circle retail vc
Newly rehabilitated retail space

This station complex has many entrances/exits from the streets. The one at the north end of Columbus Circle leads to the Trump International Hotel and Tower. It has a double wide staircase going down to an intermediate level before another double-wide staircase goes down to fare control, where a now unused token booth and turnstile bank lead to the IND mezzanine as well as the north end of the northbound IRT platform. There is also one elevator from the back of the staircase that goes down to fare control.[5]

Two staircases from the northwest corner of Broadway and West 60th Street go down to an unstaffed fare control area, where three full height turnstiles and a short staircase provide direct access to the north end of the southbound IRT platform. Another staircase at the southern island of the aforementioned intersection go down to a bank of turnstiles leading to the center of the same platform.[5]

The Time Warner Center at the northwest corner of West 58th Street and Eighth Avenue has a set of elevators, escalators, and staircases going down to fare control, where a token booth and turnstile bank provide entrance/exit to the station. A single staircase goes down to each IND platform at their extreme south end while a passageway leads to the southbound IRT platform. The mezzanine also has a staircase going up to the northeast corner of West 58th Street and Eighth Avenue. There is a passageway leading to another staircase that goes up to the northwest corner of West 57th Street and Eighth Avenue. This staircase is built within the Hearst Tower.[5] A complex of restaurants and shops called "Turnstyle" opened in this passageway in April 2016.[6]

The south end of the northbound IRT platform has a same-level unstaffed fare control area containing full height turnstiles and two staircases going up to the south corners of West 59th Street and Broadway.[5]

In October 1992, at a public hearing, New York City Transit proposed closing street staircase S6 to the northwest corner 61st Street and Central Park West and reopening street staircase S2 at 60th Street and Central Park West, located to the east of the circular stair, in order to expand the Transit Police District Command to accommodate more officers and increase the efficiency of the operation. The circular staircase was expected to be reconstructed to provide more direct access The 61st Street exit was operated part-time, closing at nights, consisted of a high exit turnstile and was used by 2400 daily passengers. It was located in a remote unmonitored portion of the station, making safety an added consideration for its closure. Four staircases to the two platforms that led to the passageway leading to the exit were removed.[7][8]

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms

 59 Street–Columbus Circle
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Columbus Circle IRT 004
Uptown platform
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
      2 late nights (late nights)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904[9]
Station code315[2]
Accessible ADA-accessible
Wireless service[3]
Station succession
Next north66th Street–Lincoln Center: 1 all times2 late nights
Next south50th Street: 1 all times2 late nights


Next north66th Street–Lincoln Center: 1 all times2 late nights
Next southTimes Square–42nd Street: 1 all times2 late nights

59th Street – Columbus Circle (IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #04001015[10]
Added to NRHPSeptember 17, 2004

59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, opened on October 27, 1904, has four tracks and two side platforms.

History

Despite being a major transfer point to the IND Eighth Avenue Line, the station was constructed as a local stop prior to the IND's construction in 1932. During the 1950s, the New York City Transit Authority considered converting the station to an express stop by rerouting the local tracks to the outside of the platforms.[11] This would have coincided with 72nd Street becoming a local stop by fencing off or walling up the express side of the island platforms there. The conversion of the station to an express station was planned to serve the under construction New York Coliseum.[11]

When the station opened, there was an underpass between the downtown and uptown platforms. In the 1970s, it was closed and the staircase entrances covered over. Today, passengers use the IND mezzanine and platforms to transfer between directions. Both platforms have two fare controls which are on the same level, one of which connects to the mezzanine leading to the IND platforms.

Image gallery

Columbus Circle IRT 003

Name in mosaics

Columbus Circle IRT 006

Original cartouche featuring Columbus's ship the Santa Maria

Columbus Circle IRT 002

Detailed view of the ceiling

59th Street Columbus Circle station 1978

The uptown platform in 1978

IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms

 59 Street–Columbus Circle
 "A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
59th Street - Columbus Circle Platform
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services      A all times (all times)
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      D all times (all times)
StructureUnderground
Platforms3 island platforms (2 in passenger service)
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedSeptember 10, 1932[12]
Station code161[2]
Accessible ADA-accessible
Wireless service[3]
Station succession
Next north125th Street (express): A all except late nightsD all times
72nd Street (local): A late nightsB weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nights
Next southSeventh Avenue (6th): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times
50th Street (8th local): A late nightsC all except late nights
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal (8th express): A all except late nights


Next north125th Street: A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nightsD all times
Next south50th Street (via 8th local): A late nightsC all except late nights (southbound only)
47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center (via 6th): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal (via 8th express): A all except late nights

59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, which opened on September 10, 1932, is a large express station. There are four tracks and three island platforms with the outer two in revenue service.

South of the station, trains can either continue on Eighth Avenue or diverge east to the Seventh Avenue station via the IND Sixth Avenue Line. North of the station are crossovers in both directions, and the northbound tracks cross over the southbound tracks to form a two-level configuration to 103rd Street. The next express station to the north, 125th Street, is 3.35 miles (5.391 km) away with seven local stations in between. This is the longest distance between two express stops in the system.

At the middle of each open platform, there are two staircases and one elevator that connect with the northbound platform of IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. There is also one staircase from each platform at the north end leading to the same area. A single staircase at the extreme south end connects to the southbound IRT platform. There are two newsstands, one each at the center of both platforms.

This station formerly had a 1992 artwork called Hello Columbus, made by various New York City artists and public school students. Sol LeWitt created tile work on the stairway from the platforms to the uptown 1 train entitled "Whirls and Twirls", installed in 2009.[7] Currently, large white "59"s are placed over the blue stripes–similar to the "42"s at 42nd Street–Port Authority.

History

59th Street - Columbus Circle Middle Platform
Passageway between the two IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms via the center IND platform.
59 Street 2008 vc
The unused center platform during renovation

When the IND Eighth Avenue Line was being built, the station was originally planned to be located at 57th Street, with entrances extending up to 61st Street. This station, along with the IRT station, was designed as a major transit hub under Columbus Circle.[13] The station opened on September 8, 1932, along of majority of the Eighth Avenue Line from Chambers Street north to 207th Street.[12]

The center platform was originally built along with the other platforms, but was first used in passenger service in 1959. It served the purpose of a Spanish solution, allowing passengers to exit both sides of subway cars as the express trains would open the doors on both sides. Newer subway cars' door controls made it more difficult to open doors on both sides of the train simultaneously; thus this solution became impractical and the platform was closed on November 8, 1973. In 2007–2010, it was converted to a crossunder between the IRT side platforms. Large metal fences have been erected to keep people away from the edges.

Nearby points of interest

References

  1. ^ "Transfer Points Under Higher Fare". The New York Times. June 30, 1948. p. 19.
  2. ^ a b c "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Midtown West" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  6. ^ Kral, Georgia (April 19, 2016). "Inside TurnStyle, the food and retail hub under Columbus Circle". am New York. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  8. ^ * NYC Transit Committee Agenda September 1994. New York City Transit. September 16, 1994. pp. D.70.
  9. ^ "Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It". The New York Times. October 28, 1904 – via nycsubway.org.
  10. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  11. ^ a b Authority, New York City Transit (1953). Report.
  12. ^ a b "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 6.
  13. ^ "PLAN HUGE CENTRE OF SUBWAY TRAFFIC; Transit Lines Will Build Dual Station at Columbus Circle Four Blocks in Length. 16 ENTRANCES PROPOSED Growth of Section From 1905 to 1926 Is Indicated by Rise of 7,167,592 Fares". The New York Times. April 24, 1927. Retrieved October 6, 2018.

Further reading

  • Lee Stokey. Subway Ceramics : A History and Iconography. 1994. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0

External links

NYC Subway.org:

Miscellaneous:

Google Maps Street View:

59th Street station

59th Street station may refer to:

59th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line) in Brooklyn, New York; serving the N, ​R, and ​W trains

59th Street (IRT Third Avenue Line) a demolished elevated station in Manhattan

59th Street (IRT Ninth Avenue Line) a demolished elevated station in Manhattan

59th Street station (New York Central Railroad), a disused railway station in the Park Avenue Tunnel, New York City

59th Street station (Sacramento), a light rail station in Sacramento, California

59th Street/University of Chicago station, a commuter rail station in Chicago, Illinois

59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway), a subway station complex in Manhattan, New York consisting of:

59th Street–Columbus Circle (IND Eighth Avenue Line); serving the A, ​B, ​C, and ​D trains

59th Street–Columbus Circle (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line); serving the 1 and ​2 trains

Fifth Avenue–59th Street (BMT Broadway Line) in Manhattan, New York; serving the N, ​R, and ​W trains

Lexington Avenue/59th Street (New York City Subway), a subway station complex in Manhattan, New York consisting of:

Lexington Avenue/59th Street (BMT Broadway Line); serving the N, ​R, and ​W trains

59th Street (IRT Lexington Avenue Line); serving the 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> trains

Columbus Circle (disambiguation)

Columbus Circle may refer to:

Columbus Circle, a traffic circle/neighborhood in New York City

59th Street – Columbus Circle (New York City Subway), a nearby subway station complex under the circle consisting of

59th Street – Columbus Circle (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line); serving the 1 and ​2 trains

59th Street – Columbus Circle (IND Eighth Avenue Line); serving the A, ​B, ​C, and ​D trains

Shops at Columbus Circle, an adjacent shopping mall

Columbus Circle (Syracuse, New York), a plaza and neighborhood in Syracuse, New York

Columbus Circle (Washington, D.C.), a traffic circle in Washington D.C. that serves as Massachusetts Avenue's bypass around Union Station

Columbus Circle (film), a 2012 film

The Shops at Columbus Circle

The Shops at Columbus Circle is an urban shopping mall in the Time Warner Center in Manhattan, New York City — a complex of skyscrapers that was completed in 2003. It is located at Columbus Circle, next to the southwestern corner of Central Park. The shopping mall includes Amazon Books, H&M, L'Occitane, Michael Kors, Hugo Boss, Tumi, Coach, Cole Haan, Thomas Pink, J.Crew and Stuart Weitzman. The mall also has several restaurants such as the Michelin 3-star Per Se, Masa (allegedly the most expensive restaurant in New York ), the East Coast flagship of Williams-Sonoma, and a Whole Foods Market. It is owned by The Related Companies.

Location
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway) is located in New York City Subway
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway)
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway) is located in New York City
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway)
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway) is located in New York
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway)
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway) is located in the United States
59th Street–Columbus Circle (New York City Subway)
Street map
Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Track layout
Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Track layout
"1" train Broadway–
 Seventh Avenue Local
"a" train Eighth Avenue Express
"b" train Sixth Avenue Express
"c" train Eighth Avenue Local
"d" train Sixth Avenue Express
Broadway–
Seventh Avenue Line

"1" train"2" train"3" train
Eighth Avenue Line
"A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train"E" train
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