Year 558 (DLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 558 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|558 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||1311|
|Balinese saka calendar||479–480|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)|
3254 or 3194
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3255 or 3195
|- Vikram Samvat||614–615|
|- Shaka Samvat||479–480|
|- Kali Yuga||3658–3659|
|Iranian calendar||64 BP – 63 BP|
|Islamic calendar||66 BH – 65 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1354 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||869/870 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1100–1101|
684 or 303 or −469
— to —
685 or 304 or −468
The 555 timer IC is an integrated circuit (chip) used in a variety of timer, pulse generation, and oscillator applications. The 555 can be used to provide time delays, as an oscillator, and as a flip-flop element. Derivatives provide two (556) or four (558) timing circuits in one package.Introduced in 1972 by Signetics, the 555 is still in widespread use due to its low price, ease of use, and stability. It is now made by many companies in the original bipolar and in low-power CMOS technologies. As of 2003, it was estimated that 1 billion units were manufactured every year. The 555 is the most popular integrated circuit ever manufactured.Aeroflot Flight 558
Aeroflot Flight 558 (Russian: Рейс 558 Аэрофлота Reys 558 Aeroflota) was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Karaganda to Moscow that crashed on 31 August 1972, before being able to make an emergency landing in Magnitogorsk. All 102 people on board the flight were killed when the Ilyushin Il-18V operating the route crashed into a field in the Abzelilovsky District.Childebert I
Childebert I (c. 496 – 13 December 558) was a Frankish King of the Merovingian dynasty, as third of the four sons of Clovis I who shared the kingdom of the Franks upon their father's death in 511. He was one of the sons of Saint Clotilda, born at Reims. He reigned as King of Paris from 511 to 558 and Orléans from 524 to 558.DZXL
DZXL (558 kHz AM) RMN Manila (formerly Radyo Primero, Radyo Agong, and 558 RMN News Manila) is a commercial news/talk and music radio station that serves the Mega Manila market, and it is owned and operated by the Radio Mindanao Network in the Philippines. The station's studio is located at the 4th Floor, Guadalupe Commercial Complex, EDSA corner P. Burgos St. Barangay Guadalupe Nuevo, Makati City, while its transmitter is located at its property in Barangay Paco, Obando, Bulacan.
The station operates on Sundays to Fridays from 3:00 am to 12:00 mn and Saturdays from 3:00 am to 9:30 pm.Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak
The Douglas Skystreak (D-558-1 or D-558-I) was an American single-engine jet research aircraft of the 1940s. It was designed in 1945 by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the U.S. Navy Bureau of Aeronautics, in conjunction with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The Skystreaks were turbojet-powered aircraft that took off from the ground under their own power and had unswept flying surfaces.Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket
The Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (or D-558-II) is a rocket and jet-powered research supersonic aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the United States Navy. On 20 November 1953, shortly before the 50th anniversary of powered flight, Scott Crossfield piloted the Skyrocket to Mach 2, or more than 1,290 mph (2076 km/h), the first time an aircraft had exceeded twice the speed of sound.German submarine U-558
The German submarine U-558 was a Type VIIC U-boat in the service of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She sank 19 merchant ships and military vessels totalling nearly 100,000 tons before being sunk by bombers in July 1943.Kosmos 558
Kosmos 558 (Russian: Космос 558 meaning Cosmos 558), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.65, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1973 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 400-kilogram (880 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.Laser 558
Laser 558 was an offshore pirate radio station launched in May 1984 using disc jockeys from the USA. It broadcast from the Panama registered ship MV Communicator in international waters in the North Sea. Within months the station had a large audience due to its strong signal and continuous music mixing current records with oldies. However, insufficient advertising starved the station off the air in late 1985. In 1986 an attempt was made to return as Laser Hot Hits, but the same problems arose.Lawrence v. Texas
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003), is a landmark civil rights case by the United States Supreme Court. The Court struck down the sodomy law in Texas in a 6–3 decision and, by extension, invalidated sodomy laws in 13 other states, making same-sex sexual activity legal in every U.S. state and territory. The Court, with a five-justice majority, overturned its previous ruling on the same issue in the 1986 case Bowers v. Hardwick, where it upheld a challenged Georgia statute and did not find a constitutional protection of sexual privacy.
In September 1998, medical technologist John Geddes Lawrence Jr. was arrested along with an acquaintance at his apartment in Harris County, Texas when sheriff's deputies found them engaging in sexual intercourse after a friend called the police to report an armed man at Lawrence's home. Lawrence and his partner Tyron Garner were charged with a misdemeanor under Texas' anti-sodomy law; both pleaded no contest and received a fine. Lawrence and Garner, assisted by Lambda Legal, appealed the sentence to the Texas Fourteenth Court of Appeals, which ruled 2–1 in 2000 that the sodomy law was unconstitutional, but a further appeal by the court en banc in 2001 overturned the prior judgment and upheld the law in a 7–2 decision. Lambda Legal filed a writ of certiorari in 2002 with the Supreme Court, which ruled 6–3 in June 2003 that the Texas statute, along with similar statutes in 13 other states, was unconstitutional and struck it down.
Lawrence explicitly overruled Bowers, holding that it had viewed the liberty interest too narrowly. The Court held that intimate consensual sexual conduct was part of the liberty protected by substantive due process under the 14th Amendment. Lawrence invalidated similar laws throughout the United States that criminalized sodomy between consenting adults acting in private, whatever the sex of the participants.The case attracted much public attention, and a large number of amici curiae ("friends of the court") briefs were filed. Its outcome was celebrated by gay rights advocates, and set the stage for further reconsiderations of standing law, including the landmark case of Obergefell v. Hodges which recognized same-sex marriage as a fundamental right under the United States Constitution.List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 558
This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 558 of the United States Reports:
Corcoran v. Levenhagen, 558 U.S. 1 (2009) (per curiam)
Bobby v. Van Hook, 558 U.S. 4 (2009) (per curiam)
Wong v. Belmontes, 558 U.S. 15 (2009) (per curiam)
Porter v. McCollum, 558 U.S. 30 (2009) (per curiam)
Michigan v. Fisher, 558 U.S. 45 (2009) (per curiam)
Beard v. Kindler, 558 U.S. 53 (2009)
Union Pacific R. Co. v. Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen Gen. Comm. of Adjustment, Central Region, 558 U.S. 67 (2009)
Alvarez v. Smith, 558 U.S. 87 (2009)
Mohawk Industries, Inc. v. Carpenter, 558 U.S. 100 (2009)
McDaniel v. Brown, 558 U.S. 120 (2010) (per curiam)
Smith v. Spisak, 558 U.S. 139 (2009)
NRG Power Marketing, LLC v. Maine Pub. Util. Comm'n, 558 U.S. 165 (2009)
Hollingsworth v. Perry, 558 U.S. 183 (2010) (per curiam)
Presley v. Georgia, 558 U.S. 209 (2010) (per curiam)
Wellons v. Hall, 558 U.S. 220 (2010) (per curiam)
Kucana v. Holder, 558 U.S. 233 (2009)
South Carolina v. North Carolina, 558 U.S. 256 (2009)
Wood v. Allen, 558 U.S. 290 (2009)
Citizens United v. Federal Election Comm'n, 558 U.S. 310 (2009)List of former Maryland state highways (500–599)
The Maryland highway system has several hundred former state highways. These highways were constructed, maintained, or funded by the Maryland State Roads Commission or Maryland State Highway Administration and assigned a unique or temporally unique number. Some time after the highway was assigned, the highway was transferred to county or municipal maintenance and the number designation was removed from the particular stretch of road. In some cases, a highway was renumbered in whole or in part. This list contains all or most of the state-numbered highways between 500 and 599 that have existed since highways were first numbered in 1927 but are no longer part of the state highway system or are state highways of a different number. Most former state highways have not had their numbers reused. However, many state highway numbers were used for a former highway and are currently in use. Some numbers have been used three times. The former highways below whose numbers are used presently, those that were taken over in whole or in part by another highway, or have enough information to warrant a separate article contain links to those separate highway articles. Highway numbers that have two or more former uses are differentiated below by year ranges. This list does not include former Interstate or U.S. Highways, which are linked from their respective lists.List of secondary highways in Timiskaming District
This is a list of secondary highways in Timiskaming District, most of which serve as logging roads or provide access to the isolated and sparsely populated areas in the Timiskaming District of northeastern Ontario.Nephrozoa
Nephrozoa is a major clade of bilaterians, divided into the protostomes and the deuterostomes, containing almost all animal phyla and over a million extant species. Its sister clade is the Xenacoelomorpha. The coelom, the excretory organs, and nerve cords developed in the Nephrozoa.Chordates (which include all the vertebrates) are deuterostomes. It seems very likely that the 555 million year old Kimberella was a member of the protostomes. If so, this means that the protostome and deuterostome lineages must have split some time before Kimberella appeared — at least 558 million years ago, and hence well before the start of the Cambrian 541 million years ago.Polinyà
Polinyà is a municipality in the province of Barcelona and autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain. The municipality covers an area of 8.8 square kilometres (3.4 sq mi) and the population in 2014 was 8,238.Tories (British political party)
The Tories were members of two political parties which existed sequentially in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries. The first Tories emerged in 1678 in England, when they opposed the Whig-supported Exclusion Bill which set out to disinherit the heir presumptive James, Duke of York, who eventually became James II of England and VII of Scotland. This party ceased to exist as an organised political entity in the early 1760s, although it was used as a term of self-description by some political writers. A few decades later, a new Tory party would rise to establish a hold on government between 1783 and 1830, with William Pitt the Younger followed by Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool.The Earl of Liverpool was succeeded by fellow Tory Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, whose term included the Catholic Emancipation, which occurred mostly due to the election of Daniel O'Connell as a Catholic MP from Ireland. When the Whigs subsequently regained control, the Representation of the People Act 1832 removed the rotten boroughs, many of which were controlled by Tories. In the following general election, the Tory ranks were reduced to 180 MPs. Under the leadership of Robert Peel, the Tamworth Manifesto was issued, which began to transform the Tories into the Conservative Party. However, Peel lost many of his supporters by repealing the Corn Laws, causing the party to break apart. One faction, led by Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli, survived to become the modern Conservative Party, whose members are commonly still referred to as Tories as they still often follow and promote the ideology of Toryism.USS LST-558
USS LST-558 was a United States Navy tank landing ship in commission from 1944 to 1946.
LST-558 was laid down on 11 February 1944 at Evansville, Indiana, by the Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Company. She was launched on 14 April 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Henry Goodman, and commissioned on 8 May 1944 with Lieutenant, junior grade, H.A. Bisonet in command.
During World War II, LST-558 was assigned to the Pacific Theater of Operations and participated in the following operations:
Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands — September and October 1944
Leyte landings — October and November 1944
Lingayen Gulf landing — January 1945
Zambales-Subic Bay — January 1945
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto — April 1945Following the war, LST-558 performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until early February 1946. She returned to the United States and was decommissioned on 13 February 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 16 September 1947. On 24 May 1948, she was sold to the Bethlehem Steel Company, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, for scrapping.
LST-558 earned four battle stars for her World War II service.USS Laws (DD-558)
USS Laws (DD-558), a Fletcher-class destroyer, was a ship of the United States Navy named for Alexander Laws, who served in the Navy during the Quasi-War and First Barbary War in the early 19th century.
Laws was laid down on 19 May 1942 by Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp., Seattle, Washington; launched on 22 April 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Mary A. Farwell; and commissioned on 18 November 1943, Commander Lester O. Wood in command.Whigs (British political party)
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Between the 1680s and 1850s, they contested power with their rivals, the Tories. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute monarchy. The Whigs played a central role in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and were the standing enemies of the Stuart kings and pretenders, who were Roman Catholic. The Whigs took full control of the government in 1715 and remained totally dominant until King George III, coming to the throne in 1760, allowed Tories back in. The Whig Supremacy (1715–1760) was enabled by the Hanoverian succession of George I in 1714 and the failed Jacobite rising of 1715 by Tory rebels. The Whigs thoroughly purged the Tories from all major positions in government, the army, the Church of England, the legal profession and local offices. The Party's hold on power was so strong and durable, historians call the period from roughly 1714 to 1783 the age of the Whig Oligarchy. The first great leader of the Whigs was Robert Walpole, who maintained control of the government through the period 1721–1742 and whose protégé Henry Pelham led from 1743 to 1754.
Both parties began as loose groupings or tendencies, but became quite formal by 1784 with the ascension of Charles James Fox as the leader of a reconstituted Whig Party, arrayed against the governing party of the new Tories under William Pitt the Younger. Both parties were founded on rich politicians more than on popular votes, and there were elections to the House of Commons, but a small number of men controlled most of the voters.
The Whig Party slowly evolved during the 18th century. The Whig tendency supported the great aristocratic families, the Protestant Hanoverian succession and toleration for nonconformist Protestants (the dissenters, such as Presbyterians), while some Tories supported the exiled Stuart royal family's claim to the throne (Jacobitism) and virtually all Tories supported the established Church of England and the gentry. Later on, the Whigs drew support from the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories drew support from the landed interests and the royal family. However, by the first half of the 19th century the Whig political programme came to encompass not only the supremacy of parliament over the monarch and support for free trade, but Catholic emancipation, the abolition of slavery and expansion of the franchise (suffrage). The 19th century Whig support for Catholic emancipation was a complete reversal of the party's historic sharply anti-Catholic position at its late 17th century origin.