4th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)

The 4th Mechanized Corps was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War.

4th Mechanized Corps (1941 – Dec 1942)
3rd Guards Mechanized Corps (1942–1945)
3rd Guards Mechanized Division (c. 1946 – 1957)
47th Guards Motor Rifle Division (1957–1959)
Active1941–1959
CountrySoviet Union
BranchArmoured Forces
TypeCorps
EngagementsOperation Uranus
Operation Bagration
Baltic Offensive
Invasion of Manchuria
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Andrey Vlasov
Vasily Volsky

Operation Barbarossa

Initially formed in January 1941, it was serving with the 6th Army,[1] Kiev Special Military District under the command of General Major Andrey Vlasov when the German Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941. On 22 June 1941 4th Mechanised Corps consisted of 28,098 Soldiers and 979 tanks. It initially comprised the 8th and 32nd Tank Divisions, the 81st Mechanised Division, the 3rd Motorcycle Regiment, and other smaller units.[2] It fought in the Battle of Brody,[3]b and was destroyed in the Uman Pocket in August 1941 with 6th Army and was disbanded shortly after.[4]

The second formation in 1942

The Corps was reformed for the second time in September 1942. It was commanded by General Vasily Volsky during the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942. The corps entered the sector south of Stalingrad as part of Operation Uranus. The plan was to attack through the 51st Army's sector to obtain an encirclement by cutting through the Romanian Fourth Army led by Constantin Constantinescu.

On 20 November 1942, the Corps started feeding its initial units into the attack, between Lake Tsatsa and Barmatsak when the 126th and 302nd Rifle Divisions of 51st Army began to advance on a three-mile front supported by the 55th and 158th Independent Tank Regiments from 4th Mech Corps. The advance was made against the Romanian 6th Corps, whose units, Erickson says, began to surrender as the tanks got in among their positions.

The Corps's main attack opened late, further down the line, with three mechanised brigades hugging one road instead of the planned three, and the left-flank brigades, 36th and 59th, running into minefields. However the attack went on, until a pause at Zety on the evening on 21 November for fuel and ammunition. On the morning of 23 November, 4 Mechanised Corps linked up with 4th and 26th Tank Corps in the Sovietskii-Marinovka area and the northern and southern pincers had met. The German Sixth Army was surrounded in Stalingrad.

In December 1942 the Corps gained a Guards title and became the 3rd Guards Mechanised Corps. It fought at the Battle of Kursk as part of Steppe Front. In June 1944, for Operation Bagration, it was assigned to Chernyakhovsky's 3rd Belorussian Front as part of a Cavalry Mechanized Group which also included 3rd Cavalry Corps and was tasked to hit Bogushevsk in conjunction with 5th Army and 39th Army.[5] Its units included 64th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment, which operated IS-2 heavy tanks while fighting as part of the 1st Baltic Front in the Šiauliai ('Shaulay') area during July 1944.[6] It was then moved to the Far East and took part in the invasion of Manchuria as part of the Transbaikal Front.[7] The Corps, which gained the honorific Stalingrad-Krivorozhskaya, became 3rd Guards Mechanised Division in November 1945, and later 47th Guards Motor Rifle Division in 1957. It was finally disbanded on 27 November 1959 while serving with 5th Army in the Far East Military District[8] at Dalnerechensk.[9]

See also

Footnotes

  • b On 7 July 1941 Colonel General Kirponos South West Front Commander reported to Stavka that the 4th Mechanised Corps consisted of 126 Tanks & on 15 July 1941 68 Tanks (6 KV-1s, 39 T-34s, 23 BT-7s).

Notes

  1. ^ Glantz, Stumbling Colossus, 1998, p155
  2. ^ http://www.orbat.com/Niehorster
  3. ^ Glantz, Stumbling Colossus, 1998, p145
  4. ^ Glantz, Stumbling Colossus, 1998, p229
  5. ^ Erickson, Road to Berlin, 1982, p.213
  6. ^ The Russian Battlefield
  7. ^ Soviet Far East Command, 9 August 1945
  8. ^ Feskov et al 2013, pp. 587–588
  9. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 162

References

  • David Glantz (1998), 'Stumbling Colossus - The Red Army On The Eve of World War', Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0879-6
  • Antony Beevor (1999). Stalingrad: The Faithful Siege, Penguin. ISBN 0-14-028458-3.
  • Keith E. Bonn, Slaughterhouse: Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005
  • John Erickson (historian), Road to Stalingrad, Cassel (2003), p. 430 pp
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.
  • http://stalingrad.ic.ru/s4mech.html
302nd Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

The 302nd Rifle Division began service as a specialized Red Army mountain rifle division, which saw service in the disastrous operations in the Crimea in early 1942. It was later converted to serve for the balance of the war as a standard rifle division. The division played a leading role in the 51st Army's breakthrough south of Stalingrad in the opening stages of Operation Uranus, and then in the exploitation following this success; however, it was badly battered and routed in the initial stage of the German Operation Winter Storm. After recovering from this, the division continued to turn in a creditable record of service in the southern sectors of the Soviet-German front for the duration, and was especially recognized for its role in the liberation of the city of Ternopol, for which it received that city's name as an honorific.

Armoured corps

An armoured corps (also mechanized corps or tank corps) is a military corps unit specialized to engage in armoured warfare. It will include military staff and tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles as well as supporting vehicles.

Battle of Brody (1941)

The Battle of Brody (other names in use include Battle of Dubna, Battle of Dubno, Battle of Rovne, Battle of Rovne-Brody) was a tank battle fought between the 1st Panzer Group's III Army Corps and XLVIII Army Corps (Motorized) and five mechanized corps of the Soviet 5th Army and 6th Army in the triangle formed by the towns of Dubno, Lutsk, and Brody between 23 and 30 June 1941. It is known in Soviet historiography as a part of the "border defensive battles". Although the Red Army formations inflicted heavy losses on the German forces, they were outmanoeuvred and suffered enormous losses in tanks. Poor Soviet logistics, German air supremacy as well as a total breakdown in Red Army command and control ensured victory for the Wehrmacht despite overwhelming Red Army numerical and technological superiority.

This was one of the most intense armored engagements in the opening phase of Operation Barbarossa and recent scholarship considers it the largest tank battle of World War II, surpassing the more famous Battle of Prokhorovka.

List of military corps by number

This is a list of military corps arranged by ordinal number.

Mechanised corps (Soviet Union)

A mechanised corps was a Soviet armoured formation used prior to the beginning of World War II.

Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union corps
Airborne corps
Breakthrough
artillery corps
Cavalry corps
Mechanized corps
Rifle corps
Rocket corps
(ballistic missiles)
Tank corps
Army corps
from 1957
Other

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