The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army. The division was first created as a formation of the Canadian Corps during the First World War. During the Second World War the division was reactivated as the 4th Canadian Infantry Division in 1941 and then converted to armour and redesignated as the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division. Beginning in 1916 the division adopted a distinctive green-coloured formation patch as its insignia. In 2013 it was announced that Land Force Central Area would be redesignated 4th Canadian Division. It is currently responsible for Canadian Army operations in the Canadian province of Ontario and is headquartered at Denison Armoury in Toronto.
|4th Canadian Division|
4th Canadian Infantry Division
4th Canadian (Armoured) Division
4th Canadian Division formation patch
|Allegiance||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Branch|| Canadian Expeditionary Force|
Land Force Command
|Engagements||Battle of Normandy|
Battle of the Scheldt
|David Watson |
The 4th Canadian Division was formed in Britain in April 1916 from several existing units and others scheduled to arrive shortly thereafter. Under the command of Major-General David Watson, the Division embarked for France in August of that year where they served both in the Western Front in France and in Flanders until Armistice Day. The 4th Canadian Division was a part of the Canadian Corps in the Battle of Vimy Ridge, which attacked and defeated the Germans, driving them from the ridge. As a result, the Canadians became known as masters of offensive warfare and an elite fighting force.
In the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917, the 4th Canadian Division was given the job of capturing Hill 145, the highest and most important feature of Vimy Ridge. However, when they attempted to capture the hill, they were hampered by fire from the "Pimple", which was the other prominent height at Vimy Ridge. To capture Hill 145, forces which were supposed to attack the Pimple were redeployed and captured Hill 145.
10th Canadian Brigade:
11th Canadian Brigade:
12th Canadian Brigade:
The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division was created during World War II by the conversion of the 4th Canadian Infantry Division at the beginning of 1942 in Canada. The division proceeded overseas in 1942, with its two main convoys reaching the United Kingdom in August and October.
The division spent almost two years training in the United Kingdom before crossing to Normandy in July 1944. In the United Kingdom, it participated in war games together with the Polish 1st Armoured Division, and later fought in France, the Low Countries, and Germany, both divisions followed very close paths. The division participated in the later stages of the Battle of Normandy at the Falaise Pocket, the advance from Normandy and spent almost two months engaged at the Breskens Pocket. It wintered in the Netherlands and took part in the final advance across northern Germany.
|Date||General officer commanding|
|10 Jun 1941 – 24 Dec 1941||Major General L.F. Page, DSO|
|2 Feb 1942 – 29 Feb 1944||Major General F.F. Worthington, CB, MC, MM|
|1 Mar 1944 – 21 Aug 1944||Major General George Kitching, DSO|
|22 Aug 1944 – 30 Nov 1944||Major General Harry W. Foster, CBE, DSO|
|1 Dec 1944 – 5 Jun 1945||Major General Chris Vokes, CBE, DSO|
David Vivian Currie VC was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in command of a battle group of tanks from The South Alberta Regiment, artillery, and infantry of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada at St. Lambert-sur-Dives, during the final actions to close the Falaise Gap. This was the only Victoria Cross awarded to a Canadian soldier during the Normandy campaign (from 6 June 1944 to the end of August 1944), and the only VC ever awarded to a member of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps.
The then 32 year-old Currie was a Major in The South Alberta Regiment. During the Battle of Falaise, Normandy, between 18–20 August 1944, Currie was in command of a small mixed force of tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry which had been ordered to cut off one of the Germans' main escape routes.
After Currie led the attack on the village of St. Lambert-sur-Dives and consolidated a position halfway inside it, he repulsed repeated enemy attacks over the next day and a half. Despite heavy casualties, Major Currie's command destroyed seven enemy tanks, twelve 88 mm guns and 40 vehicles, which led to the deaths of 300 German soldiers, 500 wounded and 1,100 captured. The remnants of two German armies were denied an escape route.
The LFCA was created on 1 September 1991, taking command of what was previously Central Militia Area and the Regular Force Army units and formations in Ontario from the northern Lakehead region to the border with Quebec. At that point in time, the six subordinate militia districts were reorganized into four: Northern Ontario District, London District, Toronto District, and Ottawa District each one garrisoned by a brigade of militia troops and a small number of regular support staff. Later that decade, in 1997, the four reserve force districts were again reorganized into three brigade groups.
At the time of its creation in the early-1990s, it was housed on the grounds of the former base and subsequently moved ca 1993 to the Place Nouveau office tower at Yonge Street north of Finch Avenue; this was controversial as the offices of the area commander, Major-General Brian Vernon, were lavishly renovated, attracting political criticism and attention from the Auditor General of Canada.
In 2013, the LFCA was renamed the "4th Canadian Division". With this change of name, the formation was also granted the identifying patch and historical lineage of the division that fought in the two world wars.
|2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group||CFB Petawawa|
|2 CMBG Headquarters & Signal Squadron||Communications||CFB Petawawa|
|2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery||CFB Petawawa|
|The Royal Canadian Dragoons||Armoured||CFB Petawawa|
|2 Combat Engineer Regiment||CFB Petawawa|
|1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment||Mechanized infantry||CFB Petawawa|
|2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment*||Mechanized infantry||CFB Gagetown|
|3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment||Light infantry||CFB Petawawa|
|2 Service Battalion||Combat Support||CFB Petawawa|
*2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment is stationed at Gagetown, which falls under the administration of Land Force Atlantic Area
|31 Canadian Brigade Group||London|
|31 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters||London and Sarnia, Ontario|
|1st Hussars||Armoured reconnaissance||London, Ontario|
|The Windsor Regiment (RCAC)||Armoured Reconnaissance||Windsor, Ontario|
|11th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA||Artillery||Guelph and Hamilton, Ontario|
|31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins)||Engineer||St. Thomas and Waterloo, Ontario|
|31 Signal Regiment||Communications||Hamilton, Ontario|
|The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)||Light infantry||Hamilton, Ontario|
|4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment||Light infantry||London and Stratford, Ontario|
|The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada||Light infantry||Cambridge and Kitchener, Ontario|
|The Grey and Simcoe Foresters||Light infantry||Owen Sound and Barrie|
|The Essex and Kent Scottish||Light infantry||Windsor and Chatham, Ontario|
|The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)||Light infantry||Hamilton, Ontario|
|31 Service Battalion||London, Hamilton, Windsor, Sault Ste. Marie|
|32 Canadian Brigade Group||Toronto|
|32 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters||Toronto|
|The Governor General's Horse Guards||Armoured Reconnaissance||Toronto|
|The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)||Armoured Reconnaissance||Toronto and Aurora, Ontario|
|7th Toronto Regiment, RCA||Artillery||Toronto|
|56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA||Artillery||Brantford, Ontario|
|32 Combat Engineer Regiment||Engineer||Toronto|
|32 Signal Regiment||Communications||Toronto, Ontario|
|The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada||Light infantry||Toronto (downtown and Scarborough)|
|The Royal Regiment of Canada||Light infantry||Toronto|
|The Lincoln and Welland Regiment||Light infantry||St. Catharines and Welland, Ontario|
|The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)||Light infantry||Brampton, Oakville and Georgetown|
|48th Highlanders of Canada||Light infantry||Toronto|
|The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother's Own)||Light infantry||Toronto and Mississauga|
|32 Service Battalion||Toronto|
|33 Canadian Brigade Group||Ottawa|
|33 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters||Ottawa, Ontario|
|The Ontario Regiment (RCAC)||Armoured Reconnaissance||Oshawa, Ontario|
|30th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA||Artillery||Ottawa, Ontario|
|42nd Field Artillery Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCA||Artillery||Pembroke, Ontario|
|49th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA||Artillery||Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario|
|33 Combat Engineer Regiment||Engineer||Ottawa, Ontario|
|33 Signal Regiment||Communications||Ottawa, Ontario|
|Governor General's Foot Guards||Light infantry||Ottawa, Ontario|
|The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment||Light infantry||Kingston, Ontario|
|The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment||Light infantry||Belleville, Peterborough and Cobourg, Ontario|
|The Brockville Rifles||Light infantry||Brockville, Ontario|
|Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders||Light infantry||Cornwall, Ontario|
|The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own)||Light infantry||Ottawa, Ontario|
|The Algonquin Regiment||Light infantry||North Bay and Timmins, Ontario|
|2nd Battalion, Irish Regiment of Canada||Light infantry||Sudbury, Ontario|
|33 Service Battalion||Ottawa, North Bay, Sault Ste Marie, Ontario|
|3 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group||CFB Borden|
|3 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group Headquarters||Regular Support Staff||Borden, Ontario|
|The Attawapiskat Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Attawapiskat, Ontario|
|The Bearskin Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Bearskin Lake, Ontario|
|The Constance Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Constance Lake, Ontario|
|The Eabametoong Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Fort Hope, Ontario|
|The Fort Albany Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Fort Albany, Ontario|
|The Fort Severn Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Fort Severn, Ontario|
|The Kasabonika Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Kasabonika Lake, Ontario|
|The Kashechewan Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Kashechewan, Ontario|
|The Kingfisher Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Kingfisher Lake, Ontario|
|The Kitchenuhmaykoosib Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Big Trout Lake, Ontario|
|The Lac Seul Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Lac Seul, Ontario|
|The Mishkeegogamang Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Mishkeegogamang, Ontario|
|The Moose Factory Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Moose Factory, Ontario|
|The Muskrat Dam Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Muskrat Dam, Ontario|
|The Neskantaga Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Neskantaga, Ontario|
|The Peawanuck Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Peawanuck, Ontario|
|The Sachigo Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Sachigo Lake, Ontario|
|The Sandy Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Sandy Lake, Ontario|
|The North Caribou Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||North Caribou Lake, Ontario|
|The Wapekeka Detachment of the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Wapekeka, Ontario|
|The Webequie Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Webequie, Ontario|
|The Wunnumin Lake Detachment of the Kingfisher Lake Canadian Ranger Patrol||Canadian Rangers||Wunnumin Lake, Ontario|
The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade was a formation of the Canadian Army in both World War I and World War II. The brigade fought on the Western Front during World War I, and in Normandy and north-west Europe during World War II. It formed part of the 4th Canadian Division.2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group
2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (2 CMBG; French: 2e Groupe-brigade mécanisé du Canada) is a Canadian Forces brigade group that is part of 4th Canadian Division of the Canadian Army. It is currently based in CFB Petawawa. One of its three infantry battalions is under the administration of 5th Canadian Division and is stationed at CFB Gagetown in New Brunswick.31 Canadian Brigade Group
31 Canadian Brigade Group (31CBG; French: 31e Groupe-brigade du Canada) is part of the 4th Canadian Division, under the Canadian Army. It encompasses the southwestern portion of Ontario, and is headquartered in London, Ontario. The 31 CBG area of responsibility stretches from Hamilton to Windsor. The brigade has approximately 2,000 soldiers. Colonel Kevin Bertoia, CD is Commander of 31 Canadian Brigade Group. The brigade sergeant-major is Chief Warrant Officer Wilkins, CD.31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins)
31 Combat Engineer Regiment (31 CER or "The Elgins"), is currently a combat engineer regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces, supporting 31 Canadian Brigade Group of the 4th Canadian Division (formerly Land Force Central Area). It consists of two squadrons: 48 Engineer Squadron in Waterloo, Ontario, and 7 Engineer Squadron in St. Thomas, Ontario. The Elgins existed before the Confederation of Canada, tracing their origin to 1866 when the Militia Act officially created the 25th, Elgin, Battalion of Infantry from five local militia companies.32 Canadian Brigade Group
32 Canadian Brigade Group (32CBG) of the Canadian Army is part of the 4th Canadian Division. It is centred on the Greater Toronto Area, as well as Niagara Region and Brantford. It is headquartered at LCol George Taylor Denison III Armoury in Toronto, Ontario.32 Combat Engineer Regiment
32 Combat Engineer Regiment (32 CER) is the Primary Reserve (Militia) unit of the Canadian Military Engineers in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is assigned to 32 Canadian Brigade Group, part of 4th Canadian Division.
The unit parades Friday evenings at the Denison Armoury. It was formerly known as the 2nd Field Engineer Regiment (2 FER) before being renamed in 2006.33 Canadian Brigade Group
33 Canadian Brigade Group of the Canadian Army is part of 4th Canadian Division. It commands the Primary Reserve units in eastern and northern portions of Ontario.4th Canadian Division Support Group
The 4th Canadian Division Support Group (4 CDSG) is a Regular Force Army Formation within the 4th Canadian Division (4 Can Div).
4 CDSG provides garrison-based institutional support to all Army formations within Ontario, be they deployed in Canada or abroad, and support all lodger units housed in the assigned areas of responsibility. The current Commander of 4 CDSG is Colonel M.L. Lapointe.75th Battalion (Mississauga), CEF
The 75th Battalion (Mississauga), CEF was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War. The 75th Battalion was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 29 March 1916. It disembarked in France on 12 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.Battle of Vimy Ridge
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War. The main combatants were the four divisions of the Canadian Corps in the First Army, against three divisions of the German 6th Army. The battle took place from 9 to 12 April 1917 at the beginning of the Battle of Arras, the first attack of the Nivelle Offensive, which was intended to attract German reserves from the French, before their attempt at a decisive offensive on the Aisne and the Chemin des Dames ridge further south.
The Canadian Corps was to capture the German-held high ground of Vimy Ridge, an escarpment on the northern flank of the Arras front. This would protect the First Army and the Third Army farther south from German enfilade fire. Supported by a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day of the attack. The village of Thélus fell during the second day, as did the crest of the ridge, once the Canadian Corps overran a salient against considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll located outside the village of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadians on 12 April. The 6th Army then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line.
Historians attribute the success of the Canadian Corps to technical and tactical innovation, meticulous planning, powerful artillery support and extensive training, as well as the German 6th Army’s failure to properly apply the new German defensive doctrine. The battle was the first occasion when all four divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force fought together and it was made a symbol of Canadian national achievement and sacrifice. A 100-hectare (250-acre) portion of the former battleground serves as a memorial park and site of the Canadian National Vimy Memorial.Canadian Army
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2018 the Army has 23,000 regular soldiers, about 17,000 reserve soldiers, including 5,000 rangers, for a total of 40,000 soldiers. The Army is supported by 3,000 civilian employees. It maintains regular forces units at bases across Canada, and is also responsible for the Army Reserve, the largest component of the Primary Reserve. The Commander of the Canadian Army and Chief of the Army Staff is Lieutenant-General Jean-Marc Lanthier.
The name "Canadian Army" came into official use beginning only in 1940; from before Confederation until the Second World War the official designation was "Canadian Militia". On 1 April 1966, as a precursor to the unification of Canada's armed services, all land forces were placed under a new entity called Mobile Command. In 1968 the "Canadian Army" ceased to exist as a legal entity as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army (CA), and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) were merged to form a single service called the Canadian Armed Forces. Mobile Command was renamed Land Force Command in the 1993 reorganization of the Canadian Armed Forces. In August 2011, Land Force Command reverted to the pre-1968 title of the Canadian Army.Canadian Corps
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France. The corps was expanded by the addition of the 3rd Canadian Division in December 1915 and the 4th Canadian Division in August 1916. The organization of a 5th Canadian Division began in February 1917 but it was still not fully formed when it was broken up in February 1918 and its men used to reinforce the other four divisions.
The majority of soldiers of the Canadian Corps were British-born until near the end of the war, when the number of those of Canadian birth who had enlisted rose to 51 percent. They were mostly volunteers, as conscription was not implemented until the end of the war (see Conscription Crisis of 1917). Ultimately, only 24,132 conscripts made it to France before 11 November 1918. In the later stages of the war the Canadian Corps was regarded by friend and foe alike as one of the most effective Allied military formations on the Western Front along with the First Australian Imperial Force and New Zealand Expeditionary Force.Capture of Regina Trench
Regina Trench (Staufen Riegel) was a German trench dug along the north-facing slope of a ridge running from north-west of the village of Le Sars, south-westwards to Stuff Redoubt (Staufenfeste), close to the German fortifications at Thiepval on the Somme battlefield. It was the longest such trench on the German front during the First World War. Attacked several times by the Canadian Corps during the Battle of the Ancre Heights, the 5th Canadian Brigade briefly controlled a section of the trench on 1 October but was repulsed by counter-attacks of the German Marine Brigade (equivalent to an army division), which had been brought from the Belgian coast. On 8 October, attacks by the 1st Canadian Division and the 3rd Canadian Division on Regina Trench, also failed.
On 21 October, the 4th Canadian Division attacked the western portion of Regina Trench, as the 18th Division, 25th Division and the 39th Division of II Corps, attacked the part further west (known as Stuff Trench to the British). The Canadians met little opposition and gained the objective, as the II Corps divisions captured Stuff Trench in thirty minutes, giving the British control of the Thiepval Ridge. Three counter-attacks were repulsed by the Canadians and by 22 October, more than a thousand Germans had been taken prisoner. The east end of the trench was captured by the 4th Canadian Division during the night of 10/11 November.Denison Armoury
Lieutenant-Colonel George Taylor Denison III Armoury, commonly known as Denison Armoury, is a Canadian Forces facility located at 1 Yukon Lane in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is in the northeastern corner of Downsview Airport just west of the W.R. Allen Expressway (Allen Road) on Sheppard Avenue West. The Armoury is the headquarters of 4th Canadian Division (formerly Land Force Central Area), Joint Task Force Central, and the 32 Canadian Brigade Group. It is also home to several units of the brigade.
The armoury is named for George Taylor Denison III, a Canadian Militia commander, judge and Toronto alderman.Land Force Central Area Training Centre Meaford
4th Canadian Division Training Centre (also 4 CDTC) is a Canadian Forces training facility operated by 4th Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
It is located in Grey County, Ontario, northwest of the Meaford townsite and approximately 25 km east of Owen Sound on a peninsula extending into Georgian Bay. Relatively few military personnel are stationed at the training centre as it serves primarily for training Primary Reserve and regular force stationed within 4th Canadian Division.
The training centre conducts year-round courses for Regular Force personnel, generally the DP1 Infantryman for the Royal Canadian Regiment, while expanding dramatically during the summer months to accommodate a large number of courses for Primary Reserve personnel.
During the period of June–September every year, 4 CDTC Meaford serves as the primary training location for Primary Reserve and exercises for units from the 4th Canadian Division. It provides sniper training for Toronto's Emergency Task Force.Meaford, Ontario
Meaford is a municipality in Grey County, Ontario, Canada. Meaford is located on Nottawasaga Bay, a sub-basin of Georgian Bay and Owen Sound Bay, in southern Ontario. The municipality's seal and motto reflect its heritage as a place of apple orchards, but in the 21st century the area has partly switched to weekend homes, seasonal homes, and lakeside tourism.
The Canadian Army maintains a training facility, 4th Canadian Division Training Centre Meaford (4 CDTC), 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northwest of the town of Meaford.Structure of the Canadian Army
The Canadian Army is not an independent service. Rather it is the component responsible for the training and maintenance of operational readiness of the land forces of Canada's unified defence forces, known as the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Army is commanded from National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa and has been subdivided into four divisions as of December 2015:
2nd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
5th Canadian DivisionEach division is responsible for the regular army and reserve forces located within its geographical purview – all except the 5th Canadian Division has a regular army mechanized brigade group under its command, together with between two and three militia brigades.
Each mechanized brigade group contains three infantry battalions, an armoured regiment, an artillery regiment, and a combat engineer regiment. Each brigade group also contains a service support battalion, signals squadron and military police platoon.
In addition to the four divisions, the Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre, commanded by a major-general and headquartered at McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario, is responsible for the supervision, integration and delivery of army training and long-range planning for army training and doctrine development, including simulation and digitization. It includes a number of schools and training organizations, such as the Combat Training Centre at CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick, and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre at CFB Wainwright, Alberta.The Brockville Rifles
The Brockville Rifles is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. It is fifteenth in the order of precedence of Canadian Army Infantry Regiments. The Brockville Rifles are part of 33 Canadian Brigade Group, 4th Canadian Division.Vimy Ridge Day
Vimy Ridge Day is a day to commemorate the deaths and casualties of members of the Canadian Corps during the First World War Battle of Vimy Ridge. The holiday has been observed annually on 9 April since 2003. It is a non-statutory observance.