The 48th Academy Awards were presented Monday, March 29, 1976, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. The ceremonies were presided over by Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, George Segal, Goldie Hawn and Gene Kelly. This year, ABC took over broadcast rights from NBC and continues to broadcast them today. The recent previous editions had been held on Tuesday night. (NBC's coverage of the NCAA championship basketball game aired opposite the ceremony; during the presentation of the Best Film Editing award, the winner was jokingly announced (by presenter Elliott Gould) as "Indiana, 86–68"; the undefeated Indiana Hoosiers had won the NCAA title that night in Philadelphia. The following year, the two events were again on the same night.)
Miloš Forman's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest made a "clean sweep" of the major categories: Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Director and Best Screenplay (Adapted). It was the second of three films to date to accomplish the sweep, following It Happened One Night in 1934 and preceding The Silence of the Lambs in 1991.
French actress Isabelle Adjani received her first nomination for Best Actress this year, making Adjani, 20 at the time, the youngest actress to be nominated in the leading actress category, breaking the record set by 22-year-old Elizabeth Hartman in 1965. This record would later be surpassed by 13-year-old Keisha Castle-Hughes in 2004, and again in 2013 by nine-year old Quvenzhané Wallis. Adjani also presented the Best Film Editing award that night along with Gould who delivered the Indiana joke during the presentation.
At age 80, George Burns became the oldest acting and Best Supporting Actor awardee (as well as the final person to receive an acting award born in the 1800s), a record which stood until Jessica Tandy won Best Actress in 1989. For males, Burns was succeeded by Christopher Plummer, who won Best Supporting Actor in 2012 for Beginners at the age of 82.
Jaws was followed 25 years later by Traffic for a film that won all its nominations except Best Picture. Jaws is one of the few films to be nominated for Best Picture but not for directing, acting, or writing.
|48th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 29, 1976|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Hosted by||Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, George Segal, Goldie Hawn and Gene Kelly|
|Produced by||Howard W. Koch|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest|
|Most awards||One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (5)|
|Most nominations||One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (9)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 12 minutes|
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger ().
|Best Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Original Screenplay||Best Screenplay Adapted from Other Material|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Best Live Action Short Film||Best Animated Short Film|
|Best Original Score||Best Scoring: Original Song Score and Adaptation or Scoring: Adaptation|
|Best Original Song||Best Sound|
|Best Foreign Language Film||Best Costume Design|
|Best Art Direction||Best Cinematography|
|Best Film Editing|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Hank Simms||Announcer for the 48th Academy Awards|
|Ray Bolger||Introducer of the President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences Walter Mirisch|
|Walter Mirisch (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Robert Blake||Presenter of the Special Achievement Award|
O. J. Simpson
|Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards|
|Presenters of the award for Best Sound|
|Presenters of the Documentary Awards|
|Charlton Heston||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to the Dr. Jules C. Stein|
|Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction|
|Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Presenters of the Music Awards|
Billy Dee Williams
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|William Friedkin||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Mervyn LeRoy|
|Presenters of the award for Best Director|
|Gore Vidal||Presenter of the Writing Awards|
|Walter Mirisch||Presenter of the Honorary Award to Mary Pickford|
|Presenters of the award for Best Actress|
|Art Carney||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Audrey Hepburn||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Elizabeth Taylor||Introducer of the performance of "America the Beautiful" by the Spirit of Troy|
|John Williams||Musical arranger and conductor||Orchestral|
|Ray Bolger||Performer||"Hollywood Honors Its Own"|
|Keith Carradine||Performer||"I'm Easy" from Nashville|
|Bernadette Peters||Performer||"How Lucky Can You Get" from Funny Lady|
|Steve Lawrence||Performer||"Now That We're in Love" from Whiffs|
|Kelly Garrett||Performer||"Richard's Window" from The Other Side of the Mountain|
|Diana Ross||Performer||"Theme from Mahogany (Do You Know Where You're Going To)" from Mahogany|
|Spirit of Troy||Performers||"America the Beautiful/That’s Entertainment!" (instrumental)|
The 18th Ariel Awards ceremony, organized by the Mexican Academy of Film Arts and Sciences (AMACC) took place on April 22, 1976, in Mexico City. During the ceremony, AMACC presented the Ariel Award in 13 categories honoring films released in 1975. Actas de Marusia was the most nominated film with twelve nominations that resulted in nine wins, including Best Picture and Best Director. Actas de Marusia was selected to represent Mexico at the 48th Academy Awards and received a nomination, which it lost to Dersu Uzala from the Soviet Union.Adoption (film)
Adoption (Hungarian: Örökbefogadás) is a 1975 Hungarian drama film directed by Márta Mészáros. It tells the story of Kata, an unmarried female factory worker, who becomes interested in neglected children and tries to adopt one. It was entered into the 25th Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Golden Bear. The film was also selected as the Hungarian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Angel and Big Joe
Angel and Big Joe is a 1975 American short drama film directed by Bert Salzman. It won an Oscar at the 48th Academy Awards in 1976 for Best Short Subject.Assassination in Davos
Assassination in Davos (German: Konfrontation) is a 1976 Swiss thriller film directed by Rolf Lyssy and starring Peter Bollag, Gert Haucke and Marianne Kehlau. It is based on the assassination of the Swiss Nazi Wilhelm Gustloff by a student in 1936. The film was selected as the Swiss entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire (Arabic: وقائع سنين الجمر, translit. Waqāʾiʿu sinīna l-jamri; French: Chronique des Années de Braise; these names both mean "Chronicle of the Years of Embers") is a 1975 Algerian drama historical film directed by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina. It depicts the Algerian War of Independence as seen through the eyes of a peasant.
The film won the Palme d'Or prize at the 1975 Cannes Film Festival. It was also selected as the Algerian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Circus in the Circus
Circus in the Circus (Czech: Cirkus v cirkuse; Russian: Соло для слона с орекстром) is a Czechoslovakian-Soviet comedy film directed by Oldřich Lipský and released in 1976. The story takes place in the Big State Circus in Moscow where two international groups arrive simultaneously: a jury searching for outstanding numbers for the World Circus festival and a delegation of animal language scientists. The film was selected as the Czechoslovakian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. All circus acts were performed by Moscow and Zaporizhia circus troupes.Dokter Pulder zaait papavers
Dokter Pulder zaait papavers (Doctor Pulder Sows Poppies) is a 1975 Dutch drama film directed by Bert Haanstra. It is based on the book 'The Nail Behind the Wallpaper' by Anton Koolhaas. The international title is 'When The Poppies Bloom Again' .
The film was entered into the 26th Berlin International Film Festival, but won no prizes. It was also selected as the Dutch entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Great (1975 film)
Great is a 28-minute animated film released in 1975, telling a humorous version of the life of Isambard Kingdom Brunel. It was directed by Bob Godfrey, produced by Grantstern Films and distributed by British Lion.
Great won the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 48th Academy Awards in March 1976. Great was the first British animated film to win an Academy Award, and also won the BAFTA award for Best Animated Film in 1976.I Want a Solution
I Want a Solution (Arabic: أريد حلاً, translit. Oridu hallan) is a 1975 Egyptian drama film directed by Said Marzouk. The film was selected as the Egyptian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film criticized the laws governing marriage and divorce in Egypt. The script was written by Said Marzouk and Faten Hamama. The film is inspired by a true story and it is Marzouk's third feature film.Kei Kumai
Kei Kumai (熊井 啓, Kumai Kei, June 1, 1930 – May 23, 2007) was a Japanese film director from Azumino, Nagano prefecture. After his studies in literature at Shinshu University, he began work as a director's assistant.
He won the Directors Guild of Japan New Directors Award for his first film, Nihon rettō, in 1965. His 1972 film Shinobu Kawa was entered into the 8th Moscow International Film Festival. His 1974 film Rise, Fair Sun was entered into the 24th Berlin International Film Festival.Perhaps his best-known film is Sandakan No. 8, which received widespread acclaim for tackling the issue of a woman forced into prostitution in Borneo before the outbreak of World War II. Kinuyo Tanaka won the Best Actress Award at the 25th Berlin International Film Festival for her performance. The film was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards.Kumai's follow-up film was 1976's Cape of North, starring French actress Claude Jade as a Swiss nun who falls in love with a Japanese engineer on a trip from Marseilles to Yokohama. His 1986 film The Sea and Poison won the Silver Bear - Special Jury Prize at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1992, his film Luminous Moss was entered into the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival.Other works include Ocean to Cross, Death of a Tea Master starring Toshirō Mifune as Sen no Rikyū (Silver Lion at the 1989 Venice Film Festival) and the 2002 film The Sea Is Watching, based on Akira Kurosawa's posthumous script.
The Sea Is Watching is the only Kei Kumai film to receive an official NTSC release by Sony (Columbia/Tri-Star). More of his films can be found in other region formats with optional English subtitles, The Sands of Kurobe (1968) being one example.Lawrence Hauben
Lawrence Alan Hauben (3 March 1931 – 22 December 1985) was an American actor and screenwriter, born in New York, he won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay along with Bo Goldman for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) at the 48th Academy Awards. He also won a Golden Globe and a Writers Guild of America Award.
He had a small role as a car salesman in Point Blank. He died on 22 December 1985, in Santa Barbara, CaliforniaList of submissions to the 48th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
The following 21 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 48th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film which took place in 1976. The highlighted titles were the five nominated films, which came from Italy, Japan, Mexico, Poland and the USSR. The Soviet Union won the award for a second time, for Japanese co-production Dersu Uzala, directed by Akira Kurosawa.My Michael
My Michael (Hebrew: מיכאל שלי, translit. Michael Sheli) is a 1976 Israeli drama film directed by Dan Wolman, based on the novel by Amos Oz. It was selected as the Israeli entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Per (film)
Per is a 1975 Danish drama film directed by Hans Kristensen. The film was selected as the Danish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. Agneta Ekmanner received the Bodil Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance in the film.Ron Talsky
Ron Talsky (November 7, 1934 – September 9, 1995) was an American costume designer who worked on both film and TV. He was known for the television show Remington Steele.
He was nominated at the 48th Academy Awards in the category of Best Costumes along with Yvonne Blake for their work on The Four Musketeers.Sisyphus (film)
Sisyphus is a 1974 Hungarian animated short film directed by Marcell Jankovics. It is based on the myth of Sisyphus and shows a man who tries to move a boulder up a slope. The film was produced by Hungarofilms and is two minutes long.The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 48th Academy Awards. In 2008 it was used in a car commercial which was shown at the Super Bowl.The Amulet of Ogum
The Amulet of Ogum (Portuguese: O Amuleto de Ogum) is a 1974 Brazilian drama film directed by Nelson Pereira dos Santos. It was entered into the 1975 Cannes Film Festival. It was also selected as the Brazilian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.The End of the Game (film)
The End of the Game is a 1975 American short documentary film directed by Robin Lehman. It won an Oscar at the 48th Academy Awards in 1976 for Documentary Short Subject.Whistling Smith
Whistling Smith is a 1975 Canadian short documentary film about Vancouver policeman Sergeant Bernie "Whistling" Smith, directed by Marrin Canell. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Short at the 48th Academy Awards.Whistling Smith was produced for the National Film Board's Pacificanada series, which aired on CBC-TV in early 1975. The film's narration was written and read by Donald Brittain. Along with its Oscar nomination, the film won a Canadian Film Award for Sound Re-Recording.
|Awards of Merit|