Year 484 (CDLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Venantius and Theodoricus (or, less frequently, year 1237 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 484 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|484 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||1237|
|Balinese saka calendar||405–406|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)|
3180 or 3120
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3181 or 3121
|- Vikram Samvat||540–541|
|- Shaka Samvat||405–406|
|- Kali Yuga||3584–3585|
|Iranian calendar||138 BP – 137 BP|
|Islamic calendar||142 BH – 141 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1428 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||795/796 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1026–1027|
610 or 229 or −543
— to —
611 or 230 or −542
44 Liquormart, Inc. v. Rhode Island, 517 U.S. 484 (1996), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that a complete ban on the advertising of alcohol prices was unconstitutional under the First Amendment, and that the Twenty-first Amendment, empowering the states to regulate alcohol, did not operate to lessen other constitutional restraints of state power.5th century
The 5th century is the time period from 400 to 500 Anno Domini (AD) or Common Era (CE) in the Julian calendar. The 5th century is noted for being a period of migration and political instability, throughout Eurasia.
It saw the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, which came to an end in 476 AD. This empire had been ruled by a succession of weak emperors, with the real political might being increasingly concentrated among military leaders. Internal instability allowed a Visigoth army to reach and ransack Rome in 410. Some recovery took place during the following decades, but the Western Empire received another serious blow when a second foreign group, the Vandals, occupied Carthage, capital of an extremely important province in Africa. Attempts to retake the province were interrupted by the invasion of the Huns under Attila. After Attila's defeat, both Eastern and Western empires joined forces for a final assault on Vandal North Africa, but this campaign was a spectacular failure.
In China, the period of the Sixteen Kingdoms continued. This was characterized by the formation and collapse of small sub-kingdoms, ruled by warring ethnic groups. After the fall of the Former Qin towards the end of the previous century, the north of China was once again reunited by Northern Wei in 439. Meanwhile, in the Eastern Jin dynasty, the Jin statesman and general Liu Yu consolidated his power and forced the last Emperor of the Jin dynasty, Emperor Gong of Jin, to abdicate to him in 420. This created the (Liu) Song dynasty, which was also the starting point of the period known as the Northern and Southern dynasties.
Towards the end of the 5th century, the Gupta Empire of India was invaded from Central Asia and occupied by elements of the Huna peoples. These peoples may have been related to the Huns who devastated Rome during the same period.Area codes 215, 267, and 445
Area codes 215, 267, and 445 are the North American telephone area codes for the City of Philadelphia, as well as its suburbs in Bucks and Montgomery Counties in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 215 is the main area code, while 267 and 445 are overlay codes covering the same area as 215.
Area code 215 was one of the original area codes established in 1947 and originally included the entire southeastern part of the Commonwealth, from the Delaware border to the Lehigh Valley. Pennsylvania was divided into four numbering plan areas, after New York state the most in the Bell System, together with Illinois, Ohio, and Texas.
On January 8, 1994, most of the western portion of the old 215 territory, i.e. Philadelphia's southern and western suburbs, most of Berks County, and the Lehigh Valley, changed to area code 610, while Philadelphia and its northern suburbs retained 215. However, three central office codes were moved from 215 to 717, namely 267 in Denver, 484 in Adamstown and 445 in Terre Hill, with 215-267 becoming 717-336 because 717-267 was already in use. These exchanges were all served by non-Bell telephone companies which sought to consolidate their eastern Pennsylvania customers into one area code, and were slated to move to 610 anyway. The codes 267, 445 (in the 215 area code) and 484 (in the 610 area code) were later used for overlay area codes in 215 and 610 respectively.
This was intended as a long-term solution, but within two years 215 was close to exhaustion due to the rapid growth of the Philadelphia area and the proliferation of cell phones and pagers. The supply of numbers was further limited because the entire state of Delaware is part of the Philadelphia LATA, meaning several exchanges in Delaware's 302 were not available for use. To solve the problem, 267 was established as an overlay for the 215 territory on July 1, 1997. Local calls across the Delaware/Pennsylvania border have been changed to 10-digit dialing to remove some restrictions on prefix assignments.Area code 445 was first proposed in July 2000 as an overlay with area codes 215 and 267. However, these plans were delayed and then rescinded in 2003 by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission. The need for new phone numbers in area codes 215/267 was delayed until 2018. The area code 445 was activated as an additional overlay area code on February 3, 2018.Area codes 610 and 484
Area codes 610 and 484 are telephone area codes which serve the eastern and southeastern regions of Pennsylvania. The area includes areas to the west of Philadelphia, along with the cities of Allentown, Bethlehem, and Reading. It includes much of the Delaware Valley, including almost all of Delaware County and most of the Philadelphia Main Line.Autovía A-484
The Autovía A-484 is a highway in Spain. It passes through Andalusia.Councils of Carthage
The Councils of Carthage, or Synods of Carthage, were church synods held during the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries in the city of Carthage in Africa. The most important of these are described below.Cross Florida Barge Canal
The Cross Florida Barge Canal, now officially the Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway is a protected green belt corridor, one mile (1.6 km) wide in most places. It is named for the leader of opposition to the Cross Florida Barge Canal, a canal project to connect the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean across Florida for barge traffic. Two sections were built but the project was cancelled, mainly for environmental reasons.
The Greenway includes the Santos Trail System.Emperor Seinei
Emperor Seinei (清寧天皇, Seinei-tennō) was the 22nd Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.No firm dates can be assigned to this Emperor's life or reign, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 480 to 484.German submarine U-484
German submarine U-484 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
She carried out one patrol. She sank no ships.
She was sunk by British warships northwest of Ireland, in September 1944.Glória, Bahia
Glória is a municipality in the state of Bahia in the North-East region of Brazil. Glória covers 1,255.56 km2 (484.77 sq mi), and has a population of 16,039 with a population density of 13 inhabitants per square kilometer. It is located on the border of the states of Bahia, Pernambuco, and Alagoas on the banks of the Moxito River, now a lake as the result of the construction of Moxito Hydroelectric Power Plant.Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Hazelwood School District et al. v. Kuhlmeier et al., 484 U.S. 260 (1988), was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that held that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection than independent student expression or newspapers established (by policy or practice) as forums for student expression.
The case concerned the censorship of two articles in The Spectrum, the student newspaper of Hazelwood East High School in St. Louis County, Missouri, 1983. When the school principal removed an article concerning divorce and another concerning teen pregnancy, the student journalists sued, claiming that their First Amendment rights had been violated. A lower court sided with the school, but its decision was overturned by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, which sided with the students.
In a 5–3 decision, the Supreme Court overturned the circuit court's decision, determining that school administrators could exercise prior restraint of school-sponsored expression, such as curriculum-based student newspapers and assembly speeches, if the censorship is "reasonably related to legitimate pedagogical concerns". School-sponsored student newspapers will not be presumed to be operating as public forums for student expression absent evidence indicating otherwise.
The case, and the earlier Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969), are considered landmark decisions for defining the right of expression for students in public schools. While subsequent court rulings have varied on when Hazelwood applies, the case remains a strong precedent in the regulation of student speech. However, the state statutes protecting student free expression, enacted by 14 states as of March 21, 2018, most in response to the limitations of the Hazelwood decision, typically adopt the more protective Tinker precedent.Huneric
Huneric or Hunneric or Honeric (died December 23, 484) was King of the (North African) Vandal Kingdom (477–484) and the oldest son of Genseric. He abandoned the imperial politics of his father and concentrated mainly on internal affairs. He was married to Eudocia, daughter of western Roman Emperor Valentinian III (419–455) and Licinia Eudoxia. The couple had one child, a son named Hilderic.
Huneric was the first Vandal king who used the title King of the Vandals and Alans. Despite adopting this style, and that the Vandals maintained their sea-power and their hold on the islands of the western Mediterranean, Huneric did not have the prestige that his father Genseric had enjoyed with other states.List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 484
This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 484 of the United States Reports:
Reagan v. Abourezk, 484 U.S. 1 (1987) (per curiam)
Commissioner v. McCoy, 484 U.S. 3 (1987) (per curiam)
Church of Scientology of Cal. v. IRS, 484 U.S. 9 (1987)
Carpenter v. United States, 484 U.S. 19 (1987)
Paperworkers v. Misco, Inc., 484 U.S. 29 (1987)
Gwaltney of Smithfield, Ltd. v. Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Inc., 484 U.S. 49 (1987)
Karcher v. May, 484 U.S. 72 (1987)
Langley v. FDIC, 484 U.S. 86 (1987)
Omni Capital Int'l, Ltd. v. Rudolf Wolff & Co., 484 U.S. 97 (1987)
NLRB v. Food & Commercial Workers, 484 U.S. 112 (1987)
Mullins Coal Co. of Va. v. Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, 484 U.S. 135 (1987)
Hartigan v. Zbaraz, 484 U.S. 171 (1987) (per curiam)
Vermont v. Cox, 484 U.S. 173 (1987) (per curiam)
Thompson v. Thompson, 484 U.S. 174 (1988)
Deakins v. Monaghan, 484 U.S. 193 (1988)
Yates v. Aiken, 484 U.S. 211 (1988)
Forrester v. White, 484 U.S. 219 (1988)
Lowenfield v. Phelps, 484 U.S. 231 (1988)
Hazelwood School Dist. v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988)
Westfall v. Erwin, 484 U.S. 292 (1988)
Marino v. Ortiz, 484 U.S. 301 (1988) (per curiam)
Honig v. Doe, 484 U.S. 305 (1988)
Carnegie-Mellon Univ. v. Cohill, 484 U.S. 343 (1988)
United Sav. Assn. of Tex. v. Timbers of Inwood Forest Associates, Ltd., 484 U.S. 365 (1988)
Virginia v. American Booksellers Assn., Inc., 484 U.S. 383 (1988)
Taylor v. Illinois, 484 U.S. 400 (1988)
United States v. Fausto, 484 U.S. 439 (1988)
Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Mississippi, 484 U.S. 469 (1988)
ETSI Pipeline Project v. Missouri, 484 U.S. 495 (1988)
Department of Navy v. Egan, 484 U.S. 518 (1988)
Laborers Health and Welfare Trust Fund for Northern Cal. v. Advanced Lightweight Concrete Co., 484 U.S. 539 (1988)
United States v. Owens, 484 U.S. 554 (1988)List of county roads in Marion County, Florida
The following is a list of county roads in Marion County, Florida. All county roads are maintained by the county in which they reside.List of former Maryland state highways (400–499)
The Maryland highway system has several hundred former state highways. These highways were constructed, maintained, or funded by the Maryland State Roads Commission or Maryland State Highway Administration and assigned a unique or temporally unique number. Some time after the highway was assigned, the highway was transferred to county or municipal maintenance and the number designation was removed from the particular stretch of road. In some cases, a highway was renumbered in whole or in part. This list contains all or most of the state-numbered highways between 400 and 499 that have existed since highways were first numbered in 1927 but are no longer part of the state highway system or are state highways of a different number. Most former state highways have not had their numbers reused. However, many state highway numbers were used for a former highway and are currently in use. Some numbers have been used three times. The former highways below whose numbers are used presently, those that were taken over in whole or in part by another highway, or have enough information to warrant a separate article contain links to those separate highway articles. Highway numbers that have two or more former uses are differentiated below by year ranges. This list does not include former Interstate or U.S. Highways, which are linked from their respective lists.List of mills in Manchester
This is a list of the cotton and other textile mills in Manchester, England.Mexican peso
The Mexican peso (sign: $; code: MXN) is the currency of Mexico. Modern peso and dollar currencies have a common origin in the 15th–19th century-Spanish dollar, most continuing to use its sign, "$". The Mexican peso is the 10th most traded currency in the world, the third most traded currency from America (after the United States dollar and Canadian dollar), and the most traded currency from Latin America.The current ISO 4217 code for the peso is MXN; prior to the 1993 revaluation (see below), the code MXP was used. The peso is subdivided into 100 centavos, represented by "¢". As of 17 February 2019, the peso's exchange rate was $21.75 per euro and $19.27 per U.S. dollar.NGC 484
NGC 484 is an elliptical galaxy in the constellation Tucana. It is located approximately 218 million light-years from Earth and was discovered in on October 28, 1834 by astronomer John Herschel.President George Bush Turnpike
The President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a 52-mile (84 km) toll road running through the northern, northeastern and western suburbs, forming a partial loop around Dallas, Texas, United States. It is named for the late George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States. At its west end near Belt Line Road in Irving, State Highway 161 (SH 161) continues southwest to Interstate 20 (I-20) in Grand Prairie. The discontinuous free frontage roads along the turnpike from I-35E in Carrollton east to its end at I-30 in Garland are assigned the State Highway 190 (SH 190) designation. SH 190 signage appears only along the Garland, Richardson, Plano, and Carrollton sections of the frontage road with the undersign "frontage road only". At intersections with city streets, only the Bush Turnpike signs are displayed, not the SH 190 signage. Prior to the construction of the main lanes as a tollway, SH 190 was used as the name of the planned main lanes too. Similarly, the part west of I-35E was planned as part of SH 161. Bush Turnpike is signed as a north–south road from I-20 to I-35E (the "Western Extension"), an east–west road from I-35E to the Merritt Main Lane Gantry (the original sections) and as a north–south road from the Merritt Main Lane Gantry to I-30 (the "Eastern Extension"), as Bush Turnpike makes a nearly 90-degree curve in both places.
The turnpike is operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA). Currently, all maintenance is done under a five-year total routine maintenance (TRM) contract with Roy Jorgensen Associates, Inc. based in Buckeystown, Maryland, that started in November 2011.
The turnpike passes through three Texas counties (Dallas, Collin and Denton) and nine Dallas suburbs (Rowlett, Sachse, Garland, Richardson, Plano, Carrollton, Farmers Branch, Irving and Grand Prairie).
Originally the PGBT was equipped with traditional toll plazas for cash payment as well as RFID-based TollTag express lanes. However, on July 1, 2009 the cash plazas were closed and replaced with "ZipCash", an OCR-based camera system which reads the license plate and bills the owner by mail. This made the turnpike the first in the United States to transition to all-electronic toll collection. The ZipCash rates, however, come at a premium being significantly higher than both the TollTag rate and the earlier cash prices.USS LST-484
USS LST-484 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.