Year 475 (CDLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Zeno without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1228 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 475 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|475 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||1228|
|Balinese saka calendar||396–397|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
3171 or 3111
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
3172 or 3112
|- Vikram Samvat||531–532|
|- Shaka Samvat||396–397|
|- Kali Yuga||3575–3576|
|Iranian calendar||147 BP – 146 BP|
|Islamic calendar||152 BH – 151 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1437 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||786/787 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1017–1018|
601 or 220 or −552
— to —
602 or 221 or −551
The 26th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Indianapolis, United States, in the Hoosier Dome from September 6 to 15, 1991. This was the last championships at which the Soviet Union competed.1995 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
The 30th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held at Sun Dome Fukui in Sabae, Japan in 1995.2006 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
39th World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Aarhus, Denmark from October 13 to October 21, 2006, in NRGi Arena.
The International Gymnastics Federation, which celebrated the 125th anniversary of its foundation in 2006, introduced the new Code of Points into the World Championships for the first time. The new open-ended code consists of separate scores for the difficulty and execution of an exercise, removing the "perfect 10" as the standard.
2006 brought the first ever gold medal to the Italian women's program, for Vanessa Ferrari in the individual all-around.2007 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships
The 40th World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held at the Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Halle in Stuttgart, Germany, from 1 to 9 September 2007.
Oldest and youngest competitorsArea codes 203 and 475
Area code 203 is a North American telephone area code that is assigned to the southwestern part of Connecticut, and is overlaid with area code 475. The numbering plan area (NPA) 203 originally covered the entire state of Connecticut when the North American Numbering Plan was created in 1947. Today the numbering plan area stretches from Connecticut's western border, along its southern coast, to Madison, and north to Meriden. The region encompassed by 203 and 475 is mostly coextensive with the Connecticut side of the New York metropolitan area.
On August 28, 1995 the original numbering plan area was split with the rest of Connecticut being served with area code 860, which was overlaid with 959 on August 30, 2014.BAC One-Eleven
The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC-111 or BAC 1-11, is a British short-range jet airliner used during the 1960s and 1970s. It was the second short-haul jet airliner to enter service, following the French Sud Aviation Caravelle. The aircraft was also produced under licence in Romania during the 1980s as the Rombac One-Eleven.
The One-Eleven was conceived by Hunting Aircraft and developed by the British Aircraft Corporation when Hunting merged into BAC along with other British aircraft manufacturers in 1960. The One-Eleven was intended to replace the turboprop Vickers Viscount on short-range routes. The One-Eleven entered the market ahead of rivals such as the Douglas DC-9-10, which gave it a temporary edge on the market.
The aircraft proved popular with domestic airlines and various international operators. Over half of the One-Eleven's sales at launch were to the US. The One-Eleven was one of the most successful British airliner designs, and served until a widespread retirement in the 1990s, which was partly due to introduction of aircraft noise restrictions in many European nations. As of 2013, two examples remain in service as testbeds for Northrop-Grumman.German submarine U-475
German submarine U-475 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
She carried out four patrols. She sank one warship and damaged another.
She was scuttled in May 1945 and broken up in 1947.Germania Inferior
Germania Inferior ("Lower Germany") was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine and bordering the North sea.Hernandez v. Texas
Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475 (1954), was a landmark case, "the first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period." In a unanimous ruling, the court held that Mexican Americans and all other nationality groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling was written by Justice Earl Warren. This was the first case in which Mexican-American lawyers had appeared before the US Supreme Court.List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 475
This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 475 of the United States Reports:
Pacific Gas & Elec. Co. v. Public Util. Comm'n of Cal., 475 U.S. 1 (1986)
Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc., 475 U.S. 41 (1986)
United States v. Mechanik, 475 U.S. 66 (1986)
United States v. Maine, 475 U.S. 89 (1986)
New York v. Class, 475 U.S. 106 (1986)
United States v. Koecher, 475 U.S. 133 (1986) (per curiam)
Texas v. McCullough, 475 U.S. 134 (1986)
Nix v. Whiteside, 475 U.S. 157 (1986)
NLRB v. Financial Institution Employees, 475 U.S. 192 (1986)
Connolly v. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, 475 U.S. 211 (1986)
Morris v. Mathews, 475 U.S. 237 (1986)
Fisher v. Berkeley, 475 U.S. 260 (1986)
Wisconsin Dept. of Industry v. Gould Inc., 475 U.S. 282 (1986)
Teachers v. Hudson, 475 U.S. 292 (1986)
Whitley v. Albers, 475 U.S. 312 (1986)
Malley v. Briggs, 475 U.S. 335 (1986)
Exxon Corp. v. Hunt, 475 U.S. 355 (1986)
United States v. Inadi, 475 U.S. 387 (1986)
Moran v. Burbine, 475 U.S. 412 (1986)
Pembaur v. Cincinnati, 475 U.S. 469 (1986)
Goldman v. Weinberger, 475 U.S. 503 (1986)
Bender v. Williamsport Area School Dist., 475 U.S. 534 (1986)
Paulussen v. Herion, 475 U.S. 557 (1986) (per curiam)
Holbrook v. Flynn, 475 U.S. 560 (1986)
Matsushita Elec. Industrial Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574 (1986)
Golden State Transit Corp. v. Los Angeles, 475 U.S. 608 (1986)
Michigan v. Jackson, 475 U.S. 625 (1986)
AT&T Technologies, Inc. v. Communications Workers, 475 U.S. 643 (1986)
United States v. Fulton, 475 U.S. 657 (1986)
Delaware v. Van Arsdall, 475 U.S. 673 (1986)
Icicle Seafoods, Inc. v. Worthington, 475 U.S. 709 (1986)
Evans v. Jeff D., 475 U.S. 717 (1986)
Philadelphia Newspapers v. Hepps, 475 U.S. 767 (1986)
United States v. Quinn, 475 U.S. 791 (1986) (per curiam)
Los Angeles v. Heller, 475 U.S. 796 (1986) (per curiam)
Dennison Mfg. Co. v. Panduit Corp., 475 U.S. 809 (1986) (per curiam)
Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Lavoie, 475 U.S. 813 (1986)
United States v. American College of Physicians, 475 U.S. 834 (1986)
Sorenson v. Secretary of Treasury, 475 U.S. 851 (1986)
New York v. P. J. Video, Inc., 475 U.S. 868 (1986)
California v. Brown, 475 U.S. 1301 (1986)List of former Maryland state highways (400–499)
The Maryland highway system has several hundred former state highways. These highways were constructed, maintained, or funded by the Maryland State Roads Commission or Maryland State Highway Administration and assigned a unique or temporally unique number. Some time after the highway was assigned, the highway was transferred to county or municipal maintenance and the number designation was removed from the particular stretch of road. In some cases, a highway was renumbered in whole or in part. This list contains all or most of the state-numbered highways between 400 and 499 that have existed since highways were first numbered in 1927 but are no longer part of the state highway system or are state highways of a different number. Most former state highways have not had their numbers reused. However, many state highway numbers were used for a former highway and are currently in use. Some numbers have been used three times. The former highways below whose numbers are used presently, those that were taken over in whole or in part by another highway, or have enough information to warrant a separate article contain links to those separate highway articles. Highway numbers that have two or more former uses are differentiated below by year ranges. This list does not include former Interstate or U.S. Highways, which are linked from their respective lists.Macintosh Quadra 605
The Macintosh Quadra 605 (also sold as the Macintosh LC 475 and Macintosh Performa 475) is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1993 to July 1996. The model names reflect a decision made at Apple in 1993 to follow an emerging industry trend of naming product families for their target customers – Quadra for business, LC for education, and Performa for home. Accordingly, the Performa 475 and 476 was sold in department stores and electronics stores such as Circuit City, whereas the Quadra was purchased through an authorized Apple reseller.
When introduced, the Quadra 605 was the least expensive new computer in Apple's lineup. (The Performa 410, introduced at the same time, at the same price of about $1,000 USD, which included a monitor, was based on the much older Macintosh LC II with a 16 MHz 68030 processor.) The Quadra 605 reuses the Macintosh LC III's pizza box form factor with minor modifications.The Quadra 605 was discontinued in October 1994, and the LC 475 variant continued to be sold to schools until July 1996. Apple offered no direct replacement for these machines, making it the final Macintosh to use the LC's lightweight slim-line form factor. Apple would not release another desktop computer under 10 pounds (4.5 kg) until the Mac Mini, nearly ten years later.NGC 475
NGC 475 is a lenticular galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It is located approximately 750 million light-years from Earth and has a diameter of roughly 125 thousand light-years. NGC 475 was discovered on November 3, 1864 by German astronomer Albert Marth.Romulus Augustulus
Flavius Romulus Augustus (c. AD 460 – after AD 476; possibly still alive as late as AD 507), known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was the Roman emperor who ruled the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476. He is often described as the "last Western Roman emperor", though some historians consider this to be Julius Nepos. His deposition by Odoacer traditionally marks the end of the Roman Empire in the West, the end of Ancient Rome, and the beginning of the Middle Ages in Western Europe.
Although he, as all other emperors, adopted the name Augustus upon his accession, he is better remembered by his derisive nickname Augustulus. The Latin suffix -ulus is a diminutive; hence Augustulus effectively means "Little Augustus". The name Romulus was also changed derisively to Momyllus meaning "little disgrace".The historical record contains few details of Romulus' life. He was the son of Orestes, a Roman who once served as a secretary in the court of Attila the Hun before coming into the service of Julius Nepos in AD 475. In the same year he was promoted to the rank of magister militum, but then led a military revolt that forced Nepos to flee into exile. With the capital of Ravenna under his control, Orestes appointed his son Romulus to the throne despite the lack of support from the eastern court in Constantinople. Romulus, however, was little more than a child and figurehead for his father's rule. After ten months in power, during which time his authority and legitimacy were disputed beyond Italy, Romulus was forced to abdicate by Odoacer, a Germanic foederatus officer who defeated and executed Orestes. After seizing control of Ravenna, Odoacer sent the former emperor to live in the Castellum Lucullanum in Campania, after which he disappears from the historical record.Submarine U-475 Black Widow
Submarine U-475 Black Widow was a Soviet Navy submarine of the Cold war period, which is now in private hands.
It is currently moored at Strood, on the River Medway, in South-East England.USS Hudson (DD-475)
USS Hudson (DD-475), a Fletcher-class destroyer, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Captain William L. Hudson (1794–1862).
Hudson (DD-475) was launched 3 June 1942 by the Boston Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. Henry H. Hough, wife of Admiral Henry H. Hough (Ret.); and commissioned 13 April 1943, Commander Richard R. Pratt in command.